1519 Ferdinand Magellan's five ships set sail from Seville to circumnavigate the globe. The Basque second in command Sebastian Elcano will complete the expedition after Magellan's death in the Philippines.
1521 Ferdinand Magellan reaches the Philippines.
1594 Philip II recognizes the rights and privileges of the local nobles and chieftains in the Philippines, which paves way to the creation of the Principalía (an elite ruling class of native nobility in Spanish Philippines).
1607 San Agustin Church in Manila is officially completed; it is the oldest church still standing in the Philippines.
1686 Municipality of Ilagan is founded in the Philippines.
1814 Mayon Volcano, in the Philippines, erupts, killing around 1,200 people, the most devastating eruption of the volcano.
1896 Eight provinces in the Philippines are declared under martial law by the Spanish Governor-General Ramón Blanco y Erenas. These were Manila, Cavite, Bulacan, Pampanga, Nueva Ecija, Bataan, Laguna, and Batangas.
1910 The University of the Philippines College of Engineering is established. This unit of the university is said to be the largest degree granting unit in the Philippines.
1913 The Battle of Bud Bagsak in the Philippines ends.
1935 Signing of the Constitution of the Commonwealth of the Philippines.
1935 The Philippines ratifies an independence agreement.
1937 The Philippines holds a plebiscite for Filipino women on whether they should be extended the right to suffrage; over 90% would vote in the affirmative.
1942 World War II: The most famous (and first international) Aggie Muster is held on the Philippine island of Corregidor, by Brigadier General George F. Moore (with 25 fellow Texas A&M graduates who are under his command), while 1.8 million pounds of shells pounded the island over a 5 hour attack.
1944 United States forces land in the Philippines.
1944 General Douglas MacArthur fulfills his promise to return to the Philippines when he commands an Allied assault on the islands, reclaiming them from the Japanese during the Second World War.
1945 World War II: The United States invades Luzon in the Philippines.
1945 World War II: American forces land on Corregidor island in the Philippines.
1945 World War II: The capital of the Philippines, Manila, is liberated by American forces.
1945 World War II: American and Filipino troops take Manila in the Philippines.
1945 World War II: liberation of the Philippines declared.
1946 After 381 years of near-continuous colonial rule by various powers, the Philippines attains full independence from the United States.
1965 Vietnam War: In response to U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson's call for "more flags" in Vietnam, Philippines President Elect Ferdinand Marcos announces he will send troops to help fight in South Vietnam.
1973 Ferdinand Marcos becomes "President for Life" of the Philippines.
1976 Japan completes its last reparation to the Philippines for war crimes committed during the imperial Japan's conquest of the country in the Second World War
1986 Start of the People Power Revolution in the Philippines.
1986 People Power Revolution in the Philippines.
1987 After the 1986 People Power Revolution the Philippines enacts a new constitution.
1987 Philippines constitution goes into effect.
1987 History's worst peacetime sea disaster, when the passenger ferry ''Doña Paz'' sinks after colliding with the oil tanker ''Vector 1'' in the Tablas Strait in the Philippines, killing an estimated 4,000 people (1,749 official).
2005 Seven people are killed and 151 wounded in a series of bombings by suspected Al-Qaeda-linked militants that hit the Philippines' Makati financial district in Metro Manila, Davao City, and General Santos City.
2007 Philippines. Amidst corruption controversies hounding the Arroyo administration, a bomb explosion rocked Glorietta 2, a shopping mall in Makati. The blast killed 11 and injured more than 100 people.