Casiguran, Aurora
Casiguran is a 3rd class municipality in the northern part of the province of Aurora
Aurora province
Aurora is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. Its capital is Baler and borders, clockwise from the south, the provinces of Quezon, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Quirino, and Isabela. To the east of Aurora is the Philippine Sea.Before 1979, Aurora was part of...

, Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

. According to the latest census (2007), it has a population of 22,403 people in 4,366 households.


It is located 121 km from Baler
Baler, Aurora
Baler is a 4th class municipality in the province of Aurora, Philippines. It is the provincial capital of Aurora. According to the latest census, it has a population of 34,492 people and 5.955 members per household....

, the provincial capital. It is bounded on the northeast by Dilasag
Dilasag, Aurora
Dilasag is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Aurora, Philippines. According to the latest census, it has a population of 14,833 people in 3,011 households.-History:...

, on the southwest by Dinalungan
Dinalungan, Aurora
Dinalungan is a 5th class municipality in the province of Aurora, Philippines. According to the latest census, it has a population of 10,145 people in 1,875 households.-History:...

, on the northwest by Quirino and southeast by the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth's oceanic divisions. It extends from the Arctic in the north to the Southern Ocean in the south, bounded by Asia and Australia in the west, and the Americas in the east.At 165.2 million square kilometres in area, this largest division of the World...

. It lies between 16°01'39"N and 16°27'53"N latitude and between 121°52'23"E and 122°14'14"E longitudes.


In 1960, the population of Casiguran was 6,900. This was almost doubled by the 1970s when population was 12,128, an increase of about 76% (5.8% annual average growth rate).
Between 1970 and 1975, there was a marked decreased in the number of population from 12,128 to 11,670. This reduction was due to deteriorated peace and order, which forced some of the population to move away. The trend reversed by 1980, with an increase of 19% or an annual average growth rate increase of 3.86%. Increasing population continued during the succeeding censal years (1980 to 1995) but with a declining annual average population growth rate. This is attributed to the gradual stoppage of logging operations in the area. Many workers involved in this trade were not original residents, so when the jobs were no longer available, they left.

Between 1995 and 1999 there was a significant increase of the annual average population growth rate to 4.36%. With this present growth rate, the municipality of Casiguran was expected to have an additional 25% increase in its 2009 projected population level.


According to folk legend, the name Casiguran was obtained from the word Kasiguruhan which means "safety" or "assurance". Safety means defense - a fortress or sanctuary for sailing ships during stormy weather. Another legend says that if an unmarried stranger comes to the place, he unavoidably falls in love with someone and gets married and most of the time stays for good.

Casiguran was founded by the Spanish Missionaries on June 13, 1609. Prior to their arrival, early settlers were the Dumagats and Aetas, followed by migrants from other areas of the country. These migrants spoke different dialects such as Ilokano, Visayan, Bicolano, Pampango, Gaddang, Itawes and Ibanag. A Kasiguranin language evolved out of these dialects. In 1942, Japanese Occupation forces landed in the town of Casiguran. In 1945, the town of Casiguran was liberated by Allied Philippine Commonwealth troops and recognized guerrilla units during the Battle of Casiguran at the end of World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...


When the Philippines became independent in 1946, Aurora was still part of Tayabas Province (now Quezon Province) and Casiguran was a lone northern town. Its political jurisdiction is bounded on the north by the province of Isabela
Isabela province
Isabela is the second largest province of the Philippines next to Palawan. It is located in the Cagayan Valley Region in Luzon. Its capital is Ilagan and borders, clockwise from the south, Aurora, Quirino, Nueva Vizcaya, Ifugao, Mountain Province, Kalinga, and Cagayan...

, on the west by Quirino Province, and on the south west by barangay Dinadiawan, which was then the boundary between Baler and Casiguran.

In 1959 and 1966, the barrios of Dilasag and Dinalungan, which were part of Casiguran and situated on its northern and southwestern portions, were created municipalities.

A total of 34 local leaders administered the municipality of Casiguran since its establishment as a community and creation as a municipality. At present, the incumbent municipal mayor (34th) is Hon. Reynaldo Teh Bitong.

Aurora Pacific Economic Zone

Casiguran is home to the Aurora Pacific Economic Zone and Freeport Authority or APECO
The Aurora Pacific Economic Zone and Freeport, also known as APECO, was established by virtue of , otherwise known as the Aurora Special Economic Zone Act of 2007...

 a special economic zone located in this coastal town. Created in 2007 by virtue of Republic Act No. 9490 thru the efforts of Sen. Edgardo Angara
Edgardo Angara
Edgardo Javier Angara is a Filipino politician who served as President of the Senate of the Philippines from 1993-1995. He is currently serving his fourth term in the Senate which ends in 2013.-Early life and career:...

 and Rep. Juan Edgardo Angara
Juan Edgardo Angara
Juan Edgardo M. Angara , most widely known as Sonny Angara, is a Filipino politician and lawyer. He was elected to the House of Representatives in 2004, representing the Lone District of Aurora, re-elected to a second term in 2007, and a third term in 2010...

, it is expected be a major transshipment hub going to the pacific region. It aims to boost social, economic and industrial developments in Aurora and nearby provinces by generating jobs for the people, improving the quality of their living conditions, advocating an eco-friendly approach to industrialization and enhancing the potential of the community in productivity.


Casiguran is politically subdivided into 24 barangay
A barangay is the smallest administrative division in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward...


  • Barangay 1 (Pob.)
  • Barangay 2 (Pob.)
  • Barangay 3 (Pob.)
  • Barangay 4 (Pob.)
  • Barangay 5 (Pob.)
  • Barangay 6 (Pob.)
  • Barangay 7 (Pob.)
  • Barangay 8 (Pob.)
  • Calabgan
  • Calangcuasan
  • Calantas
  • Culat

  • Dibet
  • Esperanza
  • Lual
  • Marikit
  • Tabas
  • Tinib
  • Bianuan
  • Cozo
  • Dibacong
  • Ditinagyan
  • Esteves
  • San Ildefonso

External links

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