Davao del Sur
Overview
 
Davao del Sur is a province
Provinces of the Philippines
The Provinces of the Philippines are the primary political and administrative divisions of the Philippines. There are 80 provinces at present, further subdivided into component cities and municipalities. The National Capital Region, as well as independent cities, are autonomous from any provincial...

 of the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

 located in the Davao Region
Davao Region
Davao Region / Southern Mindanao, designated as Region XI, is one of the regions of the Philippines, located on the southeastern portion of Mindanao. Davao Region consists of four provinces, namely: Compostela Valley, Davao del Norte, Davao Oriental, and Davao del Sur. The region encloses the Davao...

 in Mindanao
Mindanao
Mindanao is the second largest and easternmost island in the Philippines. It is also the name of one of the three island groups in the country, which consists of the island of Mindanao and smaller surrounding islands. The other two are Luzon and the Visayas. The island of Mindanao is called The...

. Its capital is Digos City
Digos City
Digos City is an affluent suburban city in the province of Davao del Sur, Philippines. The city strategically lies on the eastern shores of Davao Gulf and southern foothills of Mt. Apo in the island of Mindanao and it is the center city between the two major cities in Mindanao, Davao City and...

. The province is bordered by Davao City
Davao City
The City of Davao is the largest city in the island of Mindanao in the Philippines. Its international airport and seaports are among the busiest cargo hubs in the Philippines....

 to the north, and Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, South Cotabato
South Cotabato
South Cotabato is a province of the Philippines located in the SOCCSKSARGEN region in Mindanao. Its capital is Koronadal City, and it borders Sultan Kudarat to the north and west, Sarangani to the south and east, and Davao del Sur to the east...

, and Sarangani
Sarangani
In 1945, Filipino troops of the 6th, 10th, 101st and 102nd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and 10th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary entered and liberated in Southern Cotabato In 1945, Filipino troops of the 6th, 10th, 101st and 102nd Infantry Division of the...

 to the west. To the east lies the Davao Gulf
Davao Gulf
Davao Gulf is a gulf found in Mindanao in the Philippines. It has an area of 308,000 hectares. Davao Gulf cuts into the island of Mindanao from Celebes Sea. It is surrounded by all four provinces in the Davao Region. The largest island in the gulf is Samal Island. Davao City, on the gulf's west...

. It also shares a water border with the Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia , officially the Republic of Indonesia , is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia is an archipelago comprising approximately 13,000 islands. It has 33 provinces with over 238 million people, and is the world's fourth most populous country. Indonesia is a republic, with an...

n province of North Sulawesi
North Sulawesi
North Sulawesi is a province of Indonesia. It is on the island of Sulawesi, and borders the province of Gorontalo to the west . The islands of Sangihe and Talaud form the northern part of the province, which border Davao del Sur in the Philippines.The capital and largest city in North Sulawesi is...

 to the south.
Located in the southeastern corner of the country's southernmost island of Mindanao, the province of Davao del Sur in the north to Sarangani Island in the south.
Unanswered Questions
Encyclopedia
Davao del Sur is a province
Provinces of the Philippines
The Provinces of the Philippines are the primary political and administrative divisions of the Philippines. There are 80 provinces at present, further subdivided into component cities and municipalities. The National Capital Region, as well as independent cities, are autonomous from any provincial...

 of the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

 located in the Davao Region
Davao Region
Davao Region / Southern Mindanao, designated as Region XI, is one of the regions of the Philippines, located on the southeastern portion of Mindanao. Davao Region consists of four provinces, namely: Compostela Valley, Davao del Norte, Davao Oriental, and Davao del Sur. The region encloses the Davao...

 in Mindanao
Mindanao
Mindanao is the second largest and easternmost island in the Philippines. It is also the name of one of the three island groups in the country, which consists of the island of Mindanao and smaller surrounding islands. The other two are Luzon and the Visayas. The island of Mindanao is called The...

. Its capital is Digos City
Digos City
Digos City is an affluent suburban city in the province of Davao del Sur, Philippines. The city strategically lies on the eastern shores of Davao Gulf and southern foothills of Mt. Apo in the island of Mindanao and it is the center city between the two major cities in Mindanao, Davao City and...

. The province is bordered by Davao City
Davao City
The City of Davao is the largest city in the island of Mindanao in the Philippines. Its international airport and seaports are among the busiest cargo hubs in the Philippines....

 to the north, and Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, South Cotabato
South Cotabato
South Cotabato is a province of the Philippines located in the SOCCSKSARGEN region in Mindanao. Its capital is Koronadal City, and it borders Sultan Kudarat to the north and west, Sarangani to the south and east, and Davao del Sur to the east...

, and Sarangani
Sarangani
In 1945, Filipino troops of the 6th, 10th, 101st and 102nd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and 10th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary entered and liberated in Southern Cotabato In 1945, Filipino troops of the 6th, 10th, 101st and 102nd Infantry Division of the...

 to the west. To the east lies the Davao Gulf
Davao Gulf
Davao Gulf is a gulf found in Mindanao in the Philippines. It has an area of 308,000 hectares. Davao Gulf cuts into the island of Mindanao from Celebes Sea. It is surrounded by all four provinces in the Davao Region. The largest island in the gulf is Samal Island. Davao City, on the gulf's west...

. It also shares a water border with the Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia , officially the Republic of Indonesia , is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia is an archipelago comprising approximately 13,000 islands. It has 33 provinces with over 238 million people, and is the world's fourth most populous country. Indonesia is a republic, with an...

n province of North Sulawesi
North Sulawesi
North Sulawesi is a province of Indonesia. It is on the island of Sulawesi, and borders the province of Gorontalo to the west . The islands of Sangihe and Talaud form the northern part of the province, which border Davao del Sur in the Philippines.The capital and largest city in North Sulawesi is...

 to the south.

Geography and Topography

Located in the southeastern corner of the country's southernmost island of Mindanao, the province of Davao del Sur in the north to Sarangani Island in the south. It is bounded by the province of Davao del Norte to the north; the Celebes Sea to the south; North Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat and South Cotabato to the west ; and Davao Gulf to the east. With a land area of 6,377.6 sq.km., the province is composed of sandy beaches and outlying islands; agricultural plains and valleys; rainforests; swamps; rolling hills and mountains including the Philippines' highest peak, Mt. Apo (3,144 meters).

Davaodel Sur enjoys a mild, pleasant climate all year round. Because of its topographical characteristics and geographical location, it is rarely visited by typhoons. There is no pronounced wet or dry season. The coolest months are from November to February with an average temperature of 25 degrees Celsius. during the peak summer months from March to May, temperatures average 28 degrees Celsius but may rise as high as 32 degrees.

People


Davao del Sur is an ethnic mix of Mindanaons, Visayans, Tagalogs, Chinese, Japanese and Spanish with a number of indigenous tribes scattered in the central plains and the western shores of the Davao Gulf. The city of Davao has a population of almost 1,400,000 inhabitants spread across a vast 244,000-hectare land. Bagobo, is the main and official language although English and Filipino are widely spoken. It is the fifth largest city in the Philippines according to population.

Ata people live in some areas of Davao City
Davao City
The City of Davao is the largest city in the island of Mindanao in the Philippines. Its international airport and seaports are among the busiest cargo hubs in the Philippines....

 all the way to Davao del Norte
Davao del Norte
Davao del Norte , and once known simply as Davao, is a province of the Philippines located in the Davao Region in Mindanao. Its capital is Tagum City. It borders the province of Agusan del Sur to the north, Bukidnon to the west, Compostela Valley to the east, and the city of Davao to the south...

, Compostela Valley
Compostela Valley
Compostela Valley is a province of the Philippines located in the Davao Region in Mindanao. The province, called Comval for short, used to be part of Davao del Norte until it was made independent in 1998. It is the third newest province of the Philippines, behind Dinagat Islands and Zamboanga...

 and Bukidnon
Bukidnon
Bukidnon is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital is Malaybalay City. The province borders, clockwise starting from the north, Misamis Oriental, Agusan del Sur, Davao del Norte, Cotabato, Lanao del Sur, and Lanao del Norte.Bukidnon is...

. They are related to the Manobos of Cotabato and include sub-groups such as the Talaingod of the Kapalong forests in Davao del Norte and the Matigsalug. Numbering about 222,000, Ata men wear long-sleeved shirts, carry spears, hunt, log and grow crops. Their womenfolk wear native blouses, "malong" skirts and accessories of brass bracelets and bead necklaces.Mandaya and Mansaka are culturally related groups who are highly musical - playing the five string bamboo guitar, two-string lute, violin, flute, gong, drum and bamboo jew's harp. They are also excellent silversmiths crafting breastplates, jewellery, daggers and knives. The Mandayas are famous for their colorful abaca fiber weaves embroidered with tribal motifs.

In both groups, women generally wear handwoven abaca tube skirts, embroidered blue cotton tops and heavy jewellery. Men sport wide blue or white fringed and embroidered trousers and a loose shirt. Red is a color only for a headman ("bagani") and for women of high status.

Bagobo live in an area that extends from Davao del Sur and South Cotabato to the foot of Mt. Apo and Davao City all the way to the land bordered by the Davao and Pulangi rivers and up to northern Cotobato and southeast Bukidnon. Numbering about 80,000, their traditional costume is woven from abaca fiber and heavily ornamented with beads, shells, metal discs, embroidery and brightly-colored geometric applique. Though Bagobos have the most stunning costumes among the Davao ethnic groups, they wear them only on special occasions. Like the Mandayas and Mansakas, they shave their eyebrows to a thin line and file and blacken their teeth. Bagobo smiths cast little bells which are attached to pouches, bracelets, jackets, anklets and inlaid metal boxes.

Tagacaolos number about 23,000 and occupy the area between the western shores of the gulf and the slopes of Mt. Apo. This is one of the tribes which resisted Muslim conversion and maintained a highland animistic culture.

Kalagans are a Muslim group related to the Tagacaolos. Numbering only about 7,000, they live along the shores of the Davao Gulf.

Mangguangans are now only 3,000. They can be found in Davao del Sur and Davao del Norte.

Art and Culture

The colorful artistic heritage of Davao stems from the rich culture of its tribes. For the Bagobos, aesthetics is the meticulous carving of weapons; the elaborate decoration of inlaid metal boxes with bells; and the ornamentation of their abaca fiber dress with embroidery, shells, beads and metal discs. The Mandayas, on the other hand, have a solid tradition in weaving. To produce their famed coarse textured cloth, abaca fiber is colored with earth dyes and woven on a backstrap loom.

The final product is embroidered with bright-colored threads in geometric patterns. Some elements of tribal folklore are also included in the designs. The Mansakas, together with the Mandayas, are also expert silversmiths. They craft weapons, breastplates and dress accessories. Davao is also a harmonious blend of Christian and Muslim cultures. However, its most stunning cultural aspect is definitely its ethnic art which encompasses music, dance, religious ritual, dress and ornamentation.

Political

Davao del Sur is subdivided into 14 municipalities and 2 cities
Cities of the Philippines
A city is a tier of local government in the Philippines. All Philippine cities are chartered cities, whose existence as corporate and administrative entities is governed by their own specific charters in addition to the Local Government Code of 1991, which specifies the administrative structure...

: 1 independent city and 1 component city. Even though Davao City
Davao City
The City of Davao is the largest city in the island of Mindanao in the Philippines. Its international airport and seaports are among the busiest cargo hubs in the Philippines....

 is part of the province for some statistical purposes, is governed independently from the province.
City
Cities of the Philippines
A city is a tier of local government in the Philippines. All Philippine cities are chartered cities, whose existence as corporate and administrative entities is governed by their own specific charters in addition to the Local Government Code of 1991, which specifies the administrative structure...

/Town
Municipalities of the Philippines
A municipality is a local government unit in the Philippines. Municipalities are also called towns . They are distinct from cities, which are a different category of local government unit...

 
Income Classification Population No. of Barangays Founded
Davao City
Davao City
The City of Davao is the largest city in the island of Mindanao in the Philippines. Its international airport and seaports are among the busiest cargo hubs in the Philippines....

Highly-Urbanized 1,464,301 (2010) 184 Town, 1848
City, March 16, 1936
Digos City
DIGOS
The General Investigations and Special Operations Division , mainly known with its acronym DIGOS, is an Italian law enforcement agency, charged with investigating sensitive cases relating to terrorism, organized crime and serious offences such as kidnapping and extortion.It is a special operative...

1st class 145,514 (2007) 26 Town, July 19,1949
City, September 8, 2000
Bansalan
Bansalan, Davao del Sur
Bansalan is a 1st class municipality in the province of Davao del Sur, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 54,246 people in 13,020 households. Bansalan is about 72 kilometers south of Davao City and is very accessible by land transportation mostly by buses going to...

1st class 54,246 (2007) 25 October 18, 1952
Don Marcelino
Don Marcelino, Davao del Sur
Don Marcelino is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Davao del Sur, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 33,403 people in 6,544 households.-Barangays:Don Marcelino is politically subdivided into 15 barangays.* Calian...

3rd class 39,724 (2009) 15
Hagonoy
Hagonoy, Davao del Sur
Hagonoy is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Davao del Sur, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 46,648 people in 9,293 households.-History:Republic Act No...

2nd class 47,170 (2009) 22
Jose Abad Santos
Jose Abad Santos, Davao del Sur
Jose Abad Santos is a 1st class municipality in the province of Davao del Sur, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 57,147 people in 11,259 households.Vast natural resources can be found in the southern part of the Municipality such as wide stretch of Mangrooves...

 (Trinidad)
2nd class 71,786 (2009) 22
Kiblawan
Kiblawan, Davao del Sur
Kiblawan is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Davao del Sur, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 41,275 people in 8,339 households.-Barangays:Kiblawan is politically subdivided into 30 barangays.* Abnate...

2nd class 43,054 (2009) 30
Magsaysay
Magsaysay, Davao del Sur
Magsaysay is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Davao del Sur, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 43,172 people in 9,066 households....

2nd class 47,643 (2009) 22
Malalag
Malalag, Davao del Sur
Malalag is a 1st class municipality in the province of Davao del Sur, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 119,334 people in 26,069 households. Malalag is stragetically located in the heart of Davao del Sur. Malalag is an argicultural center of Davao del Sur. Its main...

1st class 119,334 (2010) 15 July 2, 1953
Malita
Malita, Davao del Sur
Malita is a 1st class municipality in the province of Davao del Sur, Philippines. According to the 2009 LGPMS census, it has a population of 133,020 people in 20,526 households...

1st class 133,524 (2009) 30
Matanao
Matanao, Davao del Sur
Matanao is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Davao del Sur, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 46,916 people in 9,859 households.-History:In 1957, the barrios of Kibao, San Vicente, Kibuaya, Managa Km...

2nd class 50,536 (2009) 33 1957
Padada
Padada, Davao del Sur
Padada is a 4th class municipality in the province of Davao del Sur, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 24,112 people in 5,202 households. Its boundaries were defined by Republic Act No...

3rd class 33,446 (2008) 17
Santa Cruz
Santa Cruz, Davao del Sur
Santa Cruz is a 1st class municipality in the province of Davao del Sur, Philippines. It has a population of 100,017 people in 21,856 households.The Municipality of Santa Cruz is now a part of Metropolitan Davao.Region XI : Davao del Sur- Geography :...

1st class 100,017 (2010) 18 1948
Santa Maria
Santa Maria, Davao del Sur
Santa Maria is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Davao del Sur, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 45,571 people in 9,291 households.-Barangays:Santa Maria is politically subdivided into 22 barangays.* Basiawan...

2nd class 48,362 (2009) 22
Sarangani
Sarangani, Davao del Sur
Sarangani is a 5th class municipality in the province of Davao del Sur, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 20,394 people in 3,546 households.-Barangays:Sarangani is politically subdivided into 12 barangays.* Batuganding...

4th class 23,394 (2009) 12
Sulop
Sulop, Davao del Sur
Sulop is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Davao del Sur, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 27,340 people in 5,800 households.-Barangays:Sulop is politically subdivided into 25 barangays.* Balasinon* Buguis...

3rd class 29,737 (2009) 25

History

In 1942, founded by occupation of the Japanese soldiers landed and entering in the province of Southern Davao.

In 1945, the liberation in Southern Davao by the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

 and the Philippine Commonwealth
Commonwealth of the Philippines
The Commonwealth of the Philippines was a designation of the Philippines from 1935 to 1946 when the country was a commonwealth of the United States. The Commonwealth was created by the Tydings-McDuffie Act, which was passed by the U.S. Congress in 1934. When Manuel L...

 troops was supported by the Davaoeño guerrilla fighters against the Japanese
Empire of Japan
The Empire of Japan is the name of the state of Japan that existed from the Meiji Restoration on 3 January 1868 to the enactment of the post-World War II Constitution of...

 forces beginning to fighting in the Second World War
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

.

External links

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