Cebu
Overview
 
Cebu is a province
Provinces of the Philippines
The Provinces of the Philippines are the primary political and administrative divisions of the Philippines. There are 80 provinces at present, further subdivided into component cities and municipalities. The National Capital Region, as well as independent cities, are autonomous from any provincial...

 in the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

, consisting of Cebu Island
Cebu Island
Cebu is an island of the Philippines. It is the main island of Cebu Province at the center of the Visayan Islands, south of Manila.It lies to the east of Negros Island; to the east is Leyte and to the southeast is Bohol Island. It is flanked on both sides by the Cebu Strait and Tañon Strait...

 and 167 surrounding islands. It is located to the east of Negros, to the west of Leyte
Leyte Island
Leyte is an island in the Visayas group of the Philippines.The island measures about 180 km north-south and about 65 km at its widest point. In the north it nearly joins Samar, separated by the San Juanico Strait, which becomes as narrow as 2 km in some places...

 and Bohol
Bohol Island
Bohol Island is the main island of Bohol Province in the Visayas. It lies southeast from Cebu Island across Cebu Strait and southwest from Leyte Island, separated by the Camotes Sea and Canigao Channel...

 islands. Cebu is a long narrow island stretching 225 kilometers from north to south, surrounded by 167 neighbouring, smaller islands, which include Mactan, Bantayan
Bantayan Island
Bantayan Island is in the Visayan Sea, Philippines, located just west off the northern tip of Cebu Island. The island, politically a part of the Province of Cebu, is about wide by long, with a total population of 120,101, as of the 2000 census. It is also the main and largest island of the...

, Malapascua
Malapascua Island
Malapascua Island is a Filipino island situated in the Visayan Sea, located across a shallow strait from the northernmost tip of Cebu Island. Administratively, it is part of the insular barangay of Logon, Daanbantayan Municipality, Cebu Province, the Philippines...

, Olango
Olango Island Group
The Olango Island Group is a group of islands found in the Central Visayas region of the Philippines. It is composed of Olango Island and 6 satellite islets namely: Sulpa, Gilutongan, Nalusuan, Caohagan, Pangan-an, and Camungi. Olango Island and its neighboring islets has a total land area of...

 and the Camotes Islands
Camotes Islands
The Camotes Islands are a group of islands that form part of the province of Cebu, in the Philippines. The island group is located east of Cebu Island, southwest of Leyte Island, and north of Bohol Island....

.
Encyclopedia
Cebu is a province
Provinces of the Philippines
The Provinces of the Philippines are the primary political and administrative divisions of the Philippines. There are 80 provinces at present, further subdivided into component cities and municipalities. The National Capital Region, as well as independent cities, are autonomous from any provincial...

 in the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

, consisting of Cebu Island
Cebu Island
Cebu is an island of the Philippines. It is the main island of Cebu Province at the center of the Visayan Islands, south of Manila.It lies to the east of Negros Island; to the east is Leyte and to the southeast is Bohol Island. It is flanked on both sides by the Cebu Strait and Tañon Strait...

 and 167 surrounding islands. It is located to the east of Negros, to the west of Leyte
Leyte Island
Leyte is an island in the Visayas group of the Philippines.The island measures about 180 km north-south and about 65 km at its widest point. In the north it nearly joins Samar, separated by the San Juanico Strait, which becomes as narrow as 2 km in some places...

 and Bohol
Bohol Island
Bohol Island is the main island of Bohol Province in the Visayas. It lies southeast from Cebu Island across Cebu Strait and southwest from Leyte Island, separated by the Camotes Sea and Canigao Channel...

 islands. Cebu is a long narrow island stretching 225 kilometers from north to south, surrounded by 167 neighbouring, smaller islands, which include Mactan, Bantayan
Bantayan Island
Bantayan Island is in the Visayan Sea, Philippines, located just west off the northern tip of Cebu Island. The island, politically a part of the Province of Cebu, is about wide by long, with a total population of 120,101, as of the 2000 census. It is also the main and largest island of the...

, Malapascua
Malapascua Island
Malapascua Island is a Filipino island situated in the Visayan Sea, located across a shallow strait from the northernmost tip of Cebu Island. Administratively, it is part of the insular barangay of Logon, Daanbantayan Municipality, Cebu Province, the Philippines...

, Olango
Olango Island Group
The Olango Island Group is a group of islands found in the Central Visayas region of the Philippines. It is composed of Olango Island and 6 satellite islets namely: Sulpa, Gilutongan, Nalusuan, Caohagan, Pangan-an, and Camungi. Olango Island and its neighboring islets has a total land area of...

 and the Camotes Islands
Camotes Islands
The Camotes Islands are a group of islands that form part of the province of Cebu, in the Philippines. The island group is located east of Cebu Island, southwest of Leyte Island, and north of Bohol Island....

. Cebu has narrow coastlines, limestone plateaus and coastal plains. It also has rolling hills and rugged mountain ranges traversing the northern and southern lengths of the island. Cebu's highest mountains are over 1000 meters high. Flat tracts of land can be found in the city of Bogo
Bogo, Cebu
Bogo is a city in the northern part of the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 69,123 people.-Barangays:Bogo is politically subdivided into 29 barangays:* Anonang Norte - Hon. Josefina Balais...

 and in the towns of San Remigio
San Remigio, Cebu
San Remigio is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines, about north of Cebu City. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 47,826 people.-History:...

, Medellin
Medellin, Cebu
Medellin is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 44,860 people....

 and Daanbantayan
Daanbantayan, Cebu
Daanbantayan is a 1st class municipality in the province of Cebu, the Philippines, occupying the northern tip of Cebu Island. According to the 2008 census, it has a population of 73,254 people...

 at the northern region of the province. Its capital is Cebu City
Cebu City
The City of Cebu is the capital city of Cebu and is the second largest city in the Philippines, the second most significant metropolitan centre in the Philippines and known as the oldest settlement established by the Spaniards in the country.The city is located on the eastern shore of Cebu and was...

, the oldest city in the Philippines, which forms part of the Cebu Metropolitan Area
Metro Cebu
Metro Cebu is the main urban center of the province of Cebu in the Philippines. Metro Cebu is located along the central eastern portion of the island including the nearby island of Mactan...

 together with four neighboring cities which include Danao City
Danao City
Danao City is a 3rd class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 109,534 people.In 2005, Metro Cebu's definition was expanded to include Danao City, a leader in the gun industry, in the north and the municipalities of San Fernando and Carcar...

, Lapu-Lapu City
Lapu-Lapu City
The City of Lapu-Lapu is a first class highly urbanized city in the province of Cebu in the Philippines. The city occupies most of Mactan Island, a few kilometer off the main island of Cebu and also covers the Olango Island Group further to the southeast, plus a few other islets. It is part of the...

, Mandaue City
Mandaue City
The City of Mandaue is a city in the province of Cebu in the Philippines. It is one of the three urbanized cities in the island and forms a part of the Cebu Metropolitan area. Mandaue City is located on the middle eastern coastal region of Cebu, bordering to its right-side are Mactan Island where...

 and Talisay City
Talisay City, Cebu
Talisay City is a 3rd class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 179,359 people....

 and eight other municipalities. Mactan-Cebu International Airport
Mactan-Cebu International Airport
Mactan-Cebu International Airport is a major international airport in the Visayas region of the Philippines. It is located in Lapu-Lapu City, Mactan Island, Metro Cebu and is the country's second primary gateway...

, located in Mactan island, is the second busiest airport in the Philippines.

Cebu is one of the most developed provinces in the Philippines, with Cebu City as the main center of commerce, trade, education and industry in the Visayas
Visayas
The Visayas or Visayan Islands and locally known as Kabisay-an gid, is one of the three principal geographical divisions of the Philippines, along with Mindanao and Luzon. It consists of several islands, primarily surrounding the Visayan Sea, although the Visayas are considered the northeast...

. Condé Nast Traveler Magazine named Cebu the seventh best island destination in the Indian Ocean-Asia region in 2007, eighth best Asian-Pacific island destination in 2005, seventh in 2004 and in 2009.

Demography

The population of Cebu in 2007 was 2,440,120, with its largest city accounting for 799,762 people, or more than a third of the entire provincial population. Cebuano
Cebuano language
Cebuano, referred to by most of its speakers as Bisaya , is an Austronesian language spoken in the Philippines by about 20 million people mostly in the Central Visayas. It is the most widely spoken of the languages within the so-named Bisayan subgroup and is closely related to other Filipino...

 is the official language spoken in Cebu and it is also spoken in most areas of the Visayas
Visayas
The Visayas or Visayan Islands and locally known as Kabisay-an gid, is one of the three principal geographical divisions of the Philippines, along with Mindanao and Luzon. It consists of several islands, primarily surrounding the Visayan Sea, although the Visayas are considered the northeast...

, including Bohol
Bohol
Bohol is an island province of the Philippines located in the Central Visayas region, consisting of Bohol Island and 75 minor surrounding islands. Its capital is Tagbilaran City. With a land area of and a coastline long, Bohol is the tenth largest island of the Philippines...

, western Leyte
Leyte Island
Leyte is an island in the Visayas group of the Philippines.The island measures about 180 km north-south and about 65 km at its widest point. In the north it nearly joins Samar, separated by the San Juanico Strait, which becomes as narrow as 2 km in some places...

, Negros Oriental
Negros Oriental
Negros Oriental is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Visayas region. It occupies the south-eastern half of the island of Negros, with Negros Occidental comprising the north-western half. It also includes Apo Island — a popular dive site for both local and foreign tourists...

 and some provinces of Mindanao
Mindanao
Mindanao is the second largest and easternmost island in the Philippines. It is also the name of one of the three island groups in the country, which consists of the island of Mindanao and smaller surrounding islands. The other two are Luzon and the Visayas. The island of Mindanao is called The...

 (Bukidnon
Bukidnon
Bukidnon is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital is Malaybalay City. The province borders, clockwise starting from the north, Misamis Oriental, Agusan del Sur, Davao del Norte, Cotabato, Lanao del Sur, and Lanao del Norte.Bukidnon is...

, Agusan del Norte
Agusan del Norte
Agusan del Norte is a province of the Philippines located in the Caraga, a region in Mindanao. Its capital is Cabadbaran City and it borders Surigao del Norte to the north, Surigao del Sur to the east, Agusan del Sur to the south, and Misamis Oriental to the west...

, Agusan del Sur
Agusan del Sur
Agusan del Sur is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Caraga region in Mindanao. Its capital is Prosperidad and borders, from the north clockwise, Agusan del Norte, Surigao del Sur, Davao Oriental, Compostela Valley, Davao del Norte, Bukidnon, and Misamis...

, Davao del Norte
Davao del Norte
Davao del Norte , and once known simply as Davao, is a province of the Philippines located in the Davao Region in Mindanao. Its capital is Tagum City. It borders the province of Agusan del Sur to the north, Bukidnon to the west, Compostela Valley to the east, and the city of Davao to the south...

, Davao del Sur
Davao del Sur
Davao del Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Davao Region in Mindanao. Its capital is Digos City. The province is bordered by Davao City to the north, and Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, South Cotabato, and Sarangani to the west. To the east lies the Davao Gulf...

, Davao Oriental
Davao Oriental
Davao Oriental is a province of the Philippines located in the Davao Region in Mindanao. Its capital is Mati and borders Compostela Valley to the west, and Agusan del Sur and Surigao del Sur to the north. Davao Oriental is the easternmost province of the country with Pusan Point as the easternmost...

, Davao City
Davao City
The City of Davao is the largest city in the island of Mindanao in the Philippines. Its international airport and seaports are among the busiest cargo hubs in the Philippines....

, Zamboanga del Norte
Zamboanga del Norte
Zamboanga del Norte or simply known as ZANORTE is a province of the Philippines located in the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao. Its capital is Dipolog City and the province borders Zamboanga del Sur and Zamboanga Sibugay to the south and Misamis Occidental to the east...

, Zamboanga del Sur
Zamboanga del Sur
Zamboanga del Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao. Pagadian City is the capital...

, Zamboanga Sibugay
Zamboanga Sibugay
Zamboanga Sibugay is a province of the Philippines located in the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao. Its capital is Ipil and it borders Zamboanga del Norte to the north, Zamboanga del Sur to the east and Zamboanga City to the southwest. To the south lies Sibuguey Bay in the Moro Gulf...

, Lanao del Norte
Lanao del Norte
Lanao del Norte is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital is Tubod. The province borders Lanao del Sur to the southeast, Zamboanga del Sur to the west, Illana Bay to the southwest, Iligan Bay to the north, Iligan City to the northeast, and is separated...

, Misamis Oriental
Misamis Oriental
Misamis Oriental is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital and provincial center is Cagayan de Oro City...

, Misamis Occidental
Misamis Occidental
Misamis Occidental is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital is Oroquieta City...

, Camiguin
Camiguin
Camiguin is an island province of the Philippines located in the Bohol Sea, about off the northern coast of Misamis Oriental in Mindanao. It is the second-smallest province both in population and land area after Batanes...

, Compostela Valley
Compostela Valley
Compostela Valley is a province of the Philippines located in the Davao Region in Mindanao. The province, called Comval for short, used to be part of Davao del Norte until it was made independent in 1998. It is the third newest province of the Philippines, behind Dinagat Islands and Zamboanga...

, and Sarangani
Sarangani
In 1945, Filipino troops of the 6th, 10th, 101st and 102nd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and 10th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary entered and liberated in Southern Cotabato In 1945, Filipino troops of the 6th, 10th, 101st and 102nd Infantry Division of the...

.
The population of Central Visayas is predominantly young with about 37 percent of its population below 10 years old. This is very evident in the very broad base of the population pyramid in the region which has prevailed since 1970 but at a declining rate. A decline of 2.29 percentage points in the proportion of household population below 15 years old was noted from 1980 to 1995. Conversely, an increase of 3.06 percentage points was observed in the 15-64 age group during the same period. The population of the region is evenly distributed between male and female. However, the male population in the region has been increasing at a faster rate compared to the female population.

Religion

The majority of its population are Roman Catholic, there are also some followers of Islam
Islam
Islam . The most common are and .   : Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~...

, Buddhism
Buddhism
Buddhism is a religion and philosophy encompassing a variety of traditions, beliefs and practices, largely based on teachings attributed to Siddhartha Gautama, commonly known as the Buddha . The Buddha lived and taught in the northeastern Indian subcontinent some time between the 6th and 4th...

 and Hinduism
Hinduism
Hinduism is the predominant and indigenous religious tradition of the Indian Subcontinent. Hinduism is known to its followers as , amongst many other expressions...

.

The image of Santo Niño de Cebú
Santo Niño de Cebu
The Santo Niño de Cebú is a Roman Catholic figure of the Child Jesus highly similar to the Infant Jesus of Prague. Like the image's counterpart in Prague, the figure is clothed in expensive textile robes mostly donations from fervent devotees in the Philippines and abroad...

 (Holy Child of Cebu), the oldest Christian image in the Philippines, is enshrined and venerated at the Basilica of Santo Niño
Basilica of Santo Niño
The Minor Basilica of the Santo Niño or Basilica Minore del Santo Niño is a 16th century church in Cebu City in the Philippines. It was built purportedly on the spot where the image of the Santo Niño, a sculpture depicting the Holy Child Jesus found by Spanish explorers in 1565 preserved in a...

. According to Philippine historical documents, the statue of the Santo Niño (Holy Child) was given to the wife of the Rajah of Cebu by the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan. The friendship is depicted in Cebu's cultural event, the Sinulog where street parades and loud drum beats preceded by a Christian mass is celebrated. Cebu has a Roman Catholic Archdiocese
Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cebu
The Metropolitan Archdiocese of Cebu is one of the ecclesiastical provinces of the Roman Catholic Church in the Philippines that is composed of the entire civil province of Cebu...

 and has several major churches, including the Basilica Minor del Santo Niño de Cebu, Cebu Metropolitan Cathedral, Santo Rosario Parish Church, San José-Recoletos Church, Sacred Heart Church
Sacred Heart church
-India:* Sacred Heart Malankara Catholic Church, Mylapra, also known as Sacred Heart Church, in Kerala, India* Sacred Heart Church, Puducherry * Sacred Heart Forane Church Thiruvambady,Kozhikode,Kerala-Indonesia:...

, Archdiocesan Shrine of Our Lady of Lourdes, National Shrine of Our Lady of the Rule, National Shrine of Saint Joseph, Archdiocesan Shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe of Cebu and other Christian churches, as well as several other non-Catholic churches, mosques and temples.

Climate

Though Cebu has two official seasons, Dry and Wet, rainfall is usually not that high, with average rainfall hitting around 100 millimeters per month. The wet season usually comes from June to December, while the dry season comes from January until May. Rainfall is highest in June and July. Cebu's temperatures can reach a high of 36 degree celsius from March to May, to as low as 18 degrees at the mountains during the cooler season from October to January. The average temperature in Cebu is around 24 to 32 degree celsius, and does not fluctuate much except for the month of May, which is the hottest month. Cebu averages 70-80 percent humidity.

History

Between the 13th and 16th century Cebu then known as Zubu (or Sugbo) was an island inhabited by Hindu, animist and Muslim ruled by Rajahs and Datu
Datu
Datu is the title for tribal chiefs, sovereign princes, and monarchs in the Visayas and Mindanao Regions of the Philippines. Together with Lakan , Apo in Central and Northern Luzon, Sultan and Rajah, they are titles used for native royalty, and are still currently used in the Philippines...

s. It was a kingdom of the defunct Rajahnate of Cebu
Rajahnate of Cebu
Rajahante of Cebu was a classical Philippine state which used to exist on Cebu island prior to the arrival of the Spanish. It was founded by Sri Lumay or Rajamuda Lumaya, a minor prince of the Chola dynasty which occupied Sumatra...

.

The Rajahnate of Cebu
Rajahnate of Cebu
Rajahante of Cebu was a classical Philippine state which used to exist on Cebu island prior to the arrival of the Spanish. It was founded by Sri Lumay or Rajamuda Lumaya, a minor prince of the Chola dynasty which occupied Sumatra...

 was a native kingdom which used to exist in Cebu prior to the arrival of the Spaniards. It was founded by Sri
Sri
Sri , also transliterated as Shri or Shree or shre is a word of Sanskrit origin, used in the Indian subcontinent as polite form of address equivalent to the English "Mr." in written and spoken language, or as a title of veneration for deities .-Etymology:Sri has the root meaning of radiance, or...

 'Lumay' otherwise known as 'Rajamuda Lumaya', a native prince of the Chola dynasty
Chola Dynasty
The Chola dynasty was a Tamil dynasty which was one of the longest-ruling in some parts of southern India. The earliest datable references to this Tamil dynasty are in inscriptions from the 3rd century BC left by Asoka, of Maurya Empire; the dynasty continued to govern over varying territory until...

 which had invaded Sumatra
Sumatra
Sumatra is an island in western Indonesia, westernmost of the Sunda Islands. It is the largest island entirely in Indonesia , and the sixth largest island in the world at 473,481 km2 with a population of 50,365,538...

 in Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia , officially the Republic of Indonesia , is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia is an archipelago comprising approximately 13,000 islands. It has 33 provinces with over 238 million people, and is the world's fourth most populous country. Indonesia is a republic, with an...

. He was sent by the Maharajah to establish a base for expeditionary forces to subdue the local kingdoms, but he rebelled and established his own independent Rajahnate instead. This rajahnate waged war against the 'magalos' or (Slave traders) of Maguindanao
Maguindanao
Maguindanao is a province of the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao . Its capital is Shariff Aguak. It borders Lanao del Sur to the north, Cotabato to the east, and Sultan Kudarat to the south....

 and had an alliance with the Butuan Rajahnate
Kingdom of Butuan
The Kingdom of Butuan was an ancient Indianized kingdom in pre-colonial southern Philippines centered on the present Mindanao island city of Butuan. It was known for its mining of gold, its gold products and its extensive trade network across the Nusantara area...

 before it was weakened by the insurrection of Datu
Datu
Datu is the title for tribal chiefs, sovereign princes, and monarchs in the Visayas and Mindanao Regions of the Philippines. Together with Lakan , Apo in Central and Northern Luzon, Sultan and Rajah, they are titles used for native royalty, and are still currently used in the Philippines...

 (chieftain or king) Lapu-Lapu
Lapu-Lapu
Lapu-Lapu was the ruler of Mactan, an island in the Visayas, Philippines, who is known as the first native of the archipelago to have resisted the Spanish colonization...

 who converted to Islam and swore allegiance to Sultan
Sultan
Sultan is a title with several historical meanings. Originally, it was an Arabic language abstract noun meaning "strength", "authority", "rulership", and "dictatorship", derived from the masdar سلطة , meaning "authority" or "power". Later, it came to be used as the title of certain rulers who...

 Kiram.

The arrival of Portuguese
Portugal
Portugal , officially the Portuguese Republic is a country situated in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Portugal is the westernmost country of Europe, and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the West and South and by Spain to the North and East. The Atlantic archipelagos of the...

 explorer Ferdinand Magellan
Ferdinand Magellan
Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese explorer. He was born in Sabrosa, in northern Portugal, and served King Charles I of Spain in search of a westward route to the "Spice Islands" ....

 in 1521 established a period of Spanish exploration and colonization.
Losing favor for his plan of reaching the Spice Islands from king Manuel I of Portugal
Manuel I of Portugal
Manuel I , the Fortunate , 14th king of Portugal and the Algarves was the son of Infante Ferdinand, Duke of Viseu, , by his wife, Infanta Beatrice of Portugal...

, by sailing west from Europe, Magellan offered his services to king Charles I of Spain
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V was ruler of the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and, as Charles I, of the Spanish Empire from 1516 until his voluntary retirement and abdication in favor of his younger brother Ferdinand I and his son Philip II in 1556.As...

. On September 20, 1519, Magellan led five ships with a crew of 250 people from the Spanish fort of Sanlúcar de Barrameda
Sanlúcar de Barrameda
Sanlúcar de Barrameda is a city in the northwest of Cádiz province, part of the autonomous community of Andalucía in southern Spain. Sanlúcar is located on the left bank at the mouth of the Guadalquivir River opposite the Doñana National Park, 52 km from the provincial capital Cádiz and...

 enroute to Southeast Asia via the Americas and Pacific Ocean. They reached the Philippines on March 16, 1521. Rajah Kolambu the king of Mazaua told them to sail for Cebu, where they could trade and have provisions. Arriving in Cebu City, Magellan, with Enrique of Malacca as translator, befriended Rajah Humabon
Rajah Humabon
Rajah Humabon was the Rajah of Cebu at the time of Portuguese explorer, Ferdinand Magellan's arrival in the Philippines in 1521. There is no official record of his existence before the Spanish arrival, but extensive narration by Italian historian Antonio Pigafetta was made on Humabon and the...

 the Rajah or King of Cebu and persuaded the natives of allegiance to Charles I of Spain. Humabon and his wife were given Christian names and baptized as Carlos and Juana. The Santo Niño was presented to the native queen of Cebu, as a symbol of peace and friendship between the Spaniards and the Cebuanos. On April 14, Magellan erected a large wooden cross on the shores of Cebu. Afterwards, about 700 islanders were baptized.

Magellan soon heard of Datu Lapu-Lapu
Lapu-Lapu
Lapu-Lapu was the ruler of Mactan, an island in the Visayas, Philippines, who is known as the first native of the archipelago to have resisted the Spanish colonization...

, a native king in nearby Mactan Island, a rival of the Rajahs of Cebu. It was thought that Humabon and Lapu-Lapu had been fighting for control of the flourishing trade in the area. On April 27, the Battle of Mactan
Battle of Mactan
The Battle of Mactan was fought in the Philippines on April 27, 1521. The warriors of Lapu-Lapu, a native chieftain of Mactan Island, defeated Spanish forces under the command of Ferdinand Magellan, who was killed in the battle.- Background :...

 occurred where the Spaniards were defeated and Magellan killed by the natives of Mactan in Mactan Island. According to Italian
Italy
Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and...

 historian and chronicler, Antonio Pigafetta
Antonio Pigafetta
Antonio Pigafetta was an Italian scholar and explorer from the Republic of Venice. He travelled with the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan and his crew on their voyage to the Indies. During the expedition, he served as Magellan's assistant and kept an accurate journal which later assisted him...

, Magellan's body was never recovered despite efforts to trade for it with spice and jewels. Magellan's second in command, Juan Sebastián Elcano
Juan Sebastián Elcano
Juan Sebastián Elcano was a Basque Spanish explorer who completed the first circumnavigation of the world. As Ferdinand Magellan's second in command, Elcano took over after Magellan's death in the Philippines.-Early life:Elcano was born to Domingo Sebastián Elcano I and Catalina del Puerto...

 took his place as captain of the expedition and sailed their fleet back to Spain, circumnavigating the world.

Survivors of the Magellan expedition brought tales of a savage island in the East Indies
Indies
The Indies is a term that has been used to describe the lands of South and Southeast Asia, occupying all of the present India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, the Maldives, and also Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Brunei, Singapore, the Philippines, East Timor, Malaysia and...

 with them when they returned to Spain. Consequently, several Spanish expeditions were sent to the islands but all ended in failure. In 1564, Spanish
Spain
Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...

 explorers led by Miguel López de Legazpi
Miguel López de Legazpi
Miguel López de Legazpi , also known as El Adelantado and El Viejo , was a Spanish conquistador who established one of the first European settlements in the East Indies and the Pacific Islands in 1565. He is the first Governor-General in the Philippines...

 sailing from Mexico
Mexico
The United Mexican States , commonly known as Mexico , is a federal constitutional republic in North America. It is bordered on the north by the United States; on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; on the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and on the east by the Gulf of...

 arrived in 1565 and established a colony. The Spaniards fought the King Rajah Tupas
Rajah Tupas
Rajah Tupas was the Rajah of Cebu in the Philippines. He was the son of Sri Parang the Limp, and the nephew of Rajah Humabon. He is known to have been baptized on 21 March 1568 at age 70,He had also been baptized during Magellan's day together with his wife, her parents, his brother, two sisters...

 and occupied his territories. The Spaniards established settlements, trade flourished and renamed the island to "Villa del Santíssimo Nombre de Jesús" (Town of the Most Holy Name of Jesus). Cebu became the first European settlement established by the Spanish Cortés in the Philippines. In 1595, the Universidad de San Carlos (University of San Carlos
University of San Carlos
The University of San Carlos is a Roman Catholic university governed by the Society of the Divine Word since 1935 in Cebu City. It offers pre-elementary and basic education as well as undergraduate and graduate courses, and a broad spectrum of academic programs through its eight colleges.It...

) was established and in 1860, Cebu opened its forts to foreign trade. The first printing house ("Imprenta de Escondrillas y Cia") was established in 1873 and in 1880, the Colegio de la Inmaculada Concepcion
Colegio de la Inmaculada Concepcion
Colegio de la Inmaculada Concepción, better known as CIC, is in Cebu City, Philippines. It is a private Catholic school for boys and girls that began in 1880, making it the first in the Philippines....

 (College of the Immaculate Conception) was established and the first periodical The Bulletin of Cebu ("El Boletin de Cebú") began publishing in 1886. In 1898, the island was ceded to the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

 after the Spanish-American War
Spanish-American War
The Spanish–American War was a conflict in 1898 between Spain and the United States, effectively the result of American intervention in the ongoing Cuban War of Independence...

 and Philippine-American War
Philippine-American War
The Philippine–American War, also known as the Philippine War of Independence or the Philippine Insurrection , was an armed conflict between a group of Filipino revolutionaries and the United States which arose from the struggle of the First Philippine Republic to gain independence following...

. In 1901, Cebu was governed by the United States for a brief period, however it became a charter province on February 24, 1937 and was governed independently by Filipino politicians.

Cebu, being one of the most densely populated island in the Philippines, served as a Japan
Japan
Japan is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south...

ese base during their occupation in World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

 which began with the landing of Japanese soldiers in April 1942. The 82nd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army was reestablished on June 1942 to June 1946 at the military general headquarters and the military camps and garrisoned in Babag, Cebu City and started by the Anti-Japanese military operations in Cebu from April 1942 to September 1945 and helping Cebuano guerrillas and fought against the Japanese Imperial forces. Almost three years later in March 1945, combined Filipino and American forces landed and reoccupied the island during the liberation of the Philippines. Cebuano guerrilla groups led by an American, James Cushing is credited for the establishment of the Koga Papers which is said to have changed the American plans to retake the Philippines from Japanese occupation in 1944, by helping the combined United States and the Philippine Commonwealth Army forces enter Cebu in 1945. The following year the island achieved independence from colonial rule in 1946.

Infrastructure and electricity

The Mactan-Cebu International Airport
Mactan-Cebu International Airport
Mactan-Cebu International Airport is a major international airport in the Visayas region of the Philippines. It is located in Lapu-Lapu City, Mactan Island, Metro Cebu and is the country's second primary gateway...

 on Mactan Island has regular direct flights to Hong Kong, Singapore, Busan-Gimhae and Seoul-Incheon (South Korea), Tokyo-Narita (Japan), and Doha (Qatar).

With the number of weekly international flights to and from Mactan International Airport is increasing, a new international terminal has been proposed.
The Cebu International Port is the largest shipping hub in Visayas and Mindanao island groups. Cebu also has several business districts attracting different industries. Among them is the Cebu Business Park
Cebu Business Park
Cebu Business Park is a 50-hectare masterplanned development in Cebu City, Philippines. It integrates business, residential, sports, recreation and leisure facilities....

, a prime business and financial center in Cebu City. Nearby is the Asiatown Information Technology Park, built on what was once the location of the Lahug Airport (Cebu's old airport prior to Mactan International Airport), another business district that caters mostly to businesses related to the information technology industry such as software development, telecommunications, engineering research and development centers, business process outsourcing, including a number of call centers and other industrial businesses.

South of the city is the South Road Properties Special Economic Zone, a large reclaimed property. It is a prime real estate zone that will house a business district, a tourism zone and an industrial area patterned after the Mactan Export Processing Zone on nearby Mactan Island. The new South Coastal Highway, which stretches from Cebu City to Talisay passes through the property. A 1.2-kilometer tunnel, which passes beneath Plaza Independencia is currently being constructed at the highway's entrance in Cebu City to connect it with Sergio Osmeña Avenue which traverses the North Reclamation Area.

Despite this new developments, poverty is remarkable all around the city, with traders on most sidewalks and little stores (Sari Sari) dedicated to the sale of very basic grocery items at retail level. Houses are mostly poor and of very basic materials.

Roads across the different neighborhoods (Barangays) are not enough for the densely populated city and its cars, adding up to huge traffic jams and extremely slow pace in work hours.

The city receives its electricity from an interconnection grid with the Leyte and Negros Geothermal Power Plants which also powers majority of the Visayan Islands. There are also coal fired power plants. Distribution of electricity is provided by the Visayas Electric Company. Telecommunication facilities in the city are abundant provided by some of the country's largest telecommunication companies. Connections to the internet are also available.

Economy

About 80% of its domestic shipping is located in Cebu. The island has the most domestic air and shipping and cargo vessels in the Philippines. The island also has a major industrial, commercial, trade and educational system. Its extensive international port facilities, its accessibility to Asia and the rest of the world has led more than a hundred firms, with multinational companies like Convergys Corporation, Jp Morgan Chase, Mitsumi, BMC Group, Pentax Corp., Marine Colloids, Fairchild Semiconductor, Tsuneishi Heavy Industries, Muramoto Audio-Visual, Lexmark International, Asahi Optical, Teradyne, NEC Technologies, Timex, Olympus Optical, United Technologies, Maithland-Smith, Taiyo Yuden and other companies to established manufacturing industries on the islands, leading the whole country in exports with growth rates for the past 5 years averaged close to 20% higher than that of the entire country. Government support and incentives provide a major development for its growth.

Cebu's labor force is oriented towards non-agricultural lines and is rated one of the most productive work force in the country. High domestic and foreign tourist arrivals, geographic location, accessibility and natural resources have fueled the development growth of Cebu with an excellent industrial record and now the fastest growing economy in the Philippines.

Cebu is home to some national and international corporations like AAA Commercial Broker & Consultancy Inc, Ayala Corporation
Ayala Corporation
Ayala Corporation is a holding company for the diversified interests of the Ayala Group. Founded in the Philippines by the Spanish and German Ayala, Roxas, and Zobel families during colonial rule, it is the country's oldest and largest conglomerate...

, JobsDB.com, Gaisano Group of Companies, Aboitiz Group of Companies, WG&A, Norkis Group of Companies, Bigfoot International, Affiliated Computer Services
Affiliated Computer Services
Affiliated Computer Services Inc. provides information technology services as well as business process outsourcing solutions to businesses, government agencies, and non-profit organizations. ACS is based in Dallas, Texas and the current CEO is Lynn Blodgett. ACS is ranked at number 341 on the 2010...

 (A Xerox Company), Lexmark Philippines Inc., Lhuillier Jewellers and among others. Its international port (cargo and container) is currently one of the busiest in the country. Homegrown brands in the city have expanded throughout the past years finding success in the national and even in the international market like Penshoppe, Oxygen, Loalde and Island Souvenirs. Other homegrown brands that have expanded outside the city and province include BO's Coffee Club, Julie's Bakeshop, Orange Brutus, Mother's Fried Chicken and other businesses.

Due to its burgeoning furniture-making industry, Cebu has been named as the furniture capital of the Philippines. The Department of Trade and Industry in Cebu is aiming to develop this aspect of Cebu's economy by specifically targeting small to medium enterprises or SMEs whose products are considered export quality. Cebu is also becoming an IT hub as many companies, either local or international, are establishing their headquarters in Cebu. The city has become a site for various call centers and BPOs
Business process outsourcing in the Philippines
Business process outsourcing or BPO is an emerging industry in the Philippines.-Overview:The business process outsourcing industry in the Philippines has grown 46% annually since 2006. This boom is led by demand for offshore call centers...

. The Cebu Chamber of Commerce and Industry, an organization of Cebu's businesses, are hedging the city's growth and economy on information and communications technology, with the aim of making it a premier ICT investment, software and e-services hub in Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia, South-East Asia, South East Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia. The region lies on the intersection of geological plates, with heavy seismic...

. Shipbuilding companies in Cebu have manufactured bulk carriers of up to and double hulled fastcrafts as well.

The Cebu International Convention Centre serves as a landmark in recognition of Mandaue City’s involvement in the international trade. As venue of the 12th ASEAN summit, the city continues to establish an important role in international industrial relation, becoming the core of development and strengthening its role as the growth center of the province of Cebu.

Education

The Philippine elementary school begins in grade 1 to grade 6. The high school program takes four years to finish, taken after graduating from elementary school. Cebu is the main educational institute in the central region of the country. It has several large universities each with a number of college branches throughout Cebu City and more than a dozen other schools and universities specializing in various courses such as Medicine, Engineering, Nautical courses, Nursing, Law, Commerce, Education, Computer and IT and other professions.

The most prominent of these universities are the University of San Carlos
University of San Carlos
The University of San Carlos is a Roman Catholic university governed by the Society of the Divine Word since 1935 in Cebu City. It offers pre-elementary and basic education as well as undergraduate and graduate courses, and a broad spectrum of academic programs through its eight colleges.It...

, University of the Philippines Cebu College
University of the Philippines Cebu College
University of the Philippines Cebu College is an autonomous unit of the University of the Philippines located in Cebu City. It was founded in 1918, ten years after UP was founded in 1908....

, University of San Jose–Recoletos, Cebu Normal University
Cebu Normal University
Cebu Normal University was established in 1915 as a provincial normal school, a branch of the Philippine Normal School. It became an independent institution in 1924, a chartered college in 1976, and a university in 1998...

, University of Cebu
University of Cebu
' is an educational institution located at Cebu City, Philippines. It was founded in 1964. As an institution of higher learning, the university is committed to an authentic education founded on the principles of humanity, nationalism and academic excellence....

, University of Southern Philippines, Southwestern University
Southwestern University (Philippines)
-History:In summer of 1946, when the Philippines was in the rehabilitation process after World War II, Southwestern University was founded with the name Southwestern Colleges...

, and the University of the Visayas
University of the Visayas
The ' is an educational institution located at Cebu City, Philippines. It is billed as the first university in Cebu City .- Campuses and location :...

. The only medical university in the country is the Cebu Doctors' University
Cebu Doctors' University
Cebu Doctors' University is a private university located in Mandaue City, Cebu, Philippines. It was founded in 1975 at Cebu City, as Cebu Doctors' College, with the opening of its College of Nursing, one of the first nursing colleges in Cebu. CDU was granted university status by 2005 and moved to...

 (formerly Cebu Doctors' College) located in the Cebu Boardwalk in nearby Mandaue City
Mandaue City
The City of Mandaue is a city in the province of Cebu in the Philippines. It is one of the three urbanized cities in the island and forms a part of the Cebu Metropolitan area. Mandaue City is located on the middle eastern coastal region of Cebu, bordering to its right-side are Mactan Island where...

. It was elevated to university status in November 2004. The Cebu Institute of Technology – University (formerly Cebu Institute of Technology) located in N. Bacalso Ave. and the Cebu Technological University
Cebu Technological University (CTU)
Cebu Technological University , is an educational institution located at MJ Cuenco Avenue cor. R. Palma Street, Cebu City, Philippines.The State University, previously named Cebu State College of Science and Technology was converted through Republic Act 9744 under the governance of President Gloria...

 (formerly Cebu State College of Science and Technology) which is located in M.J. Cuenco Avenue cor. R. Palma Street, Cebu City are the newest universities. CIT-U and CTU were elevated to university status in the year 2010. The Cebu's first film school, The International Academy of Film and Television
International Academy of Film and Television
International Academy of Film and Television is an international film school owned by Bigfoot Entertainment. Its campus is located in Mactan Island, Cebu Philippines with offices in Los Angeles and Hong Kong. -History:...

 was established on Mactan Island in 2004.The Asian College of Technology
Asian College of Technology
The Asian College of Technology is a private college in the Philippines, located in Cebu City and Talisay City, in the Cebu Province.It consists of two campuses located in different areas of Metro Cebu – the ACT-Cebu City CyberTower Campus, the main campus at the corner of Leon Kilat, P...

-the country's best and largest computer school is also located in Cebu City.

Media

Cebu has television and cable stations namely: Cebu Television Channel 28, Real Cebu Television (RCTV - 36) and the Cebu Catholic Television Network
Cebu Catholic Television Network
Cebu Catholic Television Network is a broadcast television channel owned by the Archdiocese of Cebu in the Philippines. The station's studios located at the CCTN Broadcast Center, Cardinal Rosales Avenue, Cebu Business Park, Cebu City...

 (CCTN 47) (a religious station partly owned and endorsed by the Archdiocese of Cebu). Cebu! Television Channel 28 and the Real Cebu Television (RCTV - 36) are only seen on cable television
Cable television
Cable television is a system of providing television programs to consumers via radio frequency signals transmitted to televisions through coaxial cables or digital light pulses through fixed optical fibers located on the subscriber's property, much like the over-the-air method used in traditional...

 and CCTN operates an UHF
Ultra high frequency
Ultra-High Frequency designates the ITU Radio frequency range of electromagnetic waves between 300 MHz and 3 GHz , also known as the decimetre band or decimetre wave as the wavelengths range from one to ten decimetres...

 frequency on channel 47 on free TV. It can also be accessed through Skycable's channel 56.

Despite having these local stations, Cebuanos prefer to watch the Philippines' two dominant television networks namely: ABS-CBN, TV5
Associated Broadcasting Company
The Associated Broadcasting Company, Inc is a television network in the Philippines, with main broadcast facilities and transmitter located at 762 Quirino Highway, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City. The network was previously known as the , Associated Broadcasting Company remains the legal...

 and GMA Network
GMA Network
GMA Network is a major commercial television & radio network in the Philippines. GMA Network is owned by GMA Network, Inc. a publicly listed company...

 Inc. While national newspapers have presence in the island, Cebu has English-language local newspapers: The Freeman, Sun-Star - Cebu and Cebu Daily News, while there are also Cebuano language
Cebuano language
Cebuano, referred to by most of its speakers as Bisaya , is an Austronesian language spoken in the Philippines by about 20 million people mostly in the Central Visayas. It is the most widely spoken of the languages within the so-named Bisayan subgroup and is closely related to other Filipino...

 newspapers, SunStar SuperBalita owned by Sun Star and Banat News owned by The Freeman. Each of the local newspapers sell for about 10 peso
Philippine peso
The peso is the currency of the Philippines. It is subdivided into 100 centavos . Before 1967, the language used on the banknotes and coins was English and so "peso" was the name used...

 a copy, which is much cheaper than their national counterparts.

Government

Cebu is subdivided into 6 component cities
Cities of the Philippines
A city is a tier of local government in the Philippines. All Philippine cities are chartered cities, whose existence as corporate and administrative entities is governed by their own specific charters in addition to the Local Government Code of 1991, which specifies the administrative structure...

 and 44 municipalities. The cities of Cebu
Cebu City
The City of Cebu is the capital city of Cebu and is the second largest city in the Philippines, the second most significant metropolitan centre in the Philippines and known as the oldest settlement established by the Spaniards in the country.The city is located on the eastern shore of Cebu and was...

, Lapu-Lapu
Lapu-Lapu City
The City of Lapu-Lapu is a first class highly urbanized city in the province of Cebu in the Philippines. The city occupies most of Mactan Island, a few kilometer off the main island of Cebu and also covers the Olango Island Group further to the southeast, plus a few other islets. It is part of the...

 and Mandaue are independent cities that are not under provincial supervision.
  • Governor: Gwendolyn F. García
    Gwendolyn Garcia
    Gwendolyn Fiel Garcia , commonly known as Gwen, is the Governor of the Philippine province of Cebu. She was first elected in 2004 and re-elected in 2007. She is Cebu's first woman governor...

     (One Cebu
    One Cebu
    One Cebu is a provincial political party based in the province of Cebu. It is headed by Gwendolyn Garcia, the current governor of Cebu.- History :...

    /Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
  • Vice Governor: Agnes Magpale (Lakas-Kampi-CMD)

Congressional districts
  • 1st district: Rep. Eduardo Gullas
    Eduardo Gullas
    Eduardo R. Gullas is a Filipino politician. He has been elected to five terms as a Member of the House of Representatives of the Philippines, representing the First District of Cebu from 1992 to 2001, and from 2004 to the present. He is currently a member of KAMPI and the One Cebu party...

     (Nacionalista
    Nacionalista Party
    The Nacionalista Party is the oldest political party in the Philippines today and was responsible for leading the country throughout the majority of the 20th century since its founding in 1907...

    -Alayon)
    • City
      Cities of the Philippines
      A city is a tier of local government in the Philippines. All Philippine cities are chartered cities, whose existence as corporate and administrative entities is governed by their own specific charters in addition to the Local Government Code of 1991, which specifies the administrative structure...

      : Carcar City, Naga City
      Naga, Cebu
      Naga is a city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 95,163 people.The town is home to a large power station, situated on a 30-hectare site, Cemex cement factory at Tinaan , recently a Small Medium Enterprise industrial park was opened in...

      , Talisay City
    • Municipality
      Municipalities of the Philippines
      A municipality is a local government unit in the Philippines. Municipalities are also called towns . They are distinct from cities, which are a different category of local government unit...

      : Minglanilla
      Minglanilla, Cebu
      Minglanilla is a 1st class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 101,585 people.Minglanilla is part of a metropolitan area known as Metro Cebu.-Geography:...

      , San Fernando
      San Fernando, Cebu
      San Fernando is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 54,932 people....

       and Sibonga
      Sibonga, Cebu
      Sibonga is a 1st class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 40,765 people.-Barangays:Sibonga is administratively subdivided into 25 barangays.* Abugon* Bae* Bagacay* Bahay* Banlot...

  • 2nd district: Rep. Pablo García
    Pablo P. Garcia
    Pablo Paras Garcia is a Filipino politician. A graduate of the University of San Carlos, Garcia placed 3rd in the 1951 Philippine Bar Examination with a rating of 91.5%. Garcia served as governor of Cebu from 1995 to 2004. He had previously served as the vice-governor of Cebu from 1969 to 1971...

     (One Cebu
    One Cebu
    One Cebu is a provincial political party based in the province of Cebu. It is headed by Gwendolyn Garcia, the current governor of Cebu.- History :...

    /Lakas-Kampi-CMD
    Lakas-Kampi-CMD
    Lakas Kampi CMD is a center-right political party in the Philippines and the current minority party in the country. Its ideology is heavily influenced by Christian and Islamic democracy...

    )
    • Municipality
      Municipalities of the Philippines
      A municipality is a local government unit in the Philippines. Municipalities are also called towns . They are distinct from cities, which are a different category of local government unit...

      : Alcantara
      Alcantara, Cebu
      Alcantara is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 13,036 people.-Barangays:Alcantara is administratively subdivided into 9 barangays:* Cabadiangan* Cabil-isan* Candabong...

      , Alcoy
      Alcoy, Cebu
      Alcoy is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. From the history, its name came from Alcoi which is a city of Spain. When Spaniards came to the place during the Spanish era, some of them said that the place remind them of Alcoi, Spain, having a green and lushes environment...

      , Alegria
      Alegria, Cebu
      Alegria is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 21,699 people.-Barangays:Alegria is administratively subdivided into 9 barangays.* Compostela* Guadalupe* Legaspi* Lepanto...

      , Argao
      Argao, Cebu
      Argao is a 1st class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 62,226 people.-Location:...

      , Badian
      Badian, Cebu
      Badian is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 35,876 people. The Municipality of Badian is located 97.6 km southwest of Cebu City...

      , Boljoon
      Boljoon, Cebu
      Boljoon is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 14,877 people.Boljoon has a total land area of 111.2 km²....

      , Dalaguete
      Dalaguete, Cebu
      Dalaguete is a 1st class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 61,405 people.-Barangays:Dalaguete is administratively subdivided into 33 barangays:* Ablayan* Babayongan* Balud* Banhigan...

      , Dumanjug
      Dumanjug, Cebu
      Dumanjug is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 44,807 people. It has 27 schools offering basic education, four secondary schools, two tertiary education institutions, two school districts: Dumanjug Central and Bitoon...

      , Ginatilan
      Ginatilan, Cebu
      Ginatilan is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 13,654 people.Local delicacies include palagsing, tinumpi, and kinugay, which is made from Buli tree....

      , Malabuyoc
      Malabuyoc, Cebu
      Malabuyoc is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 18,117 people.-Barangays:Malabuyoc is administratively subdivided into 14 barangays.* Armeña * Tolosa...

      , Moalboal
      Moalboal, Cebu
      Moalboal is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 27,398 people....

      , Oslob
      Oslob, Cebu
      Oslob is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 22,732 people.-Etymology:In a place currently named as "Nigad" in barangay Daanlungsod, Oslob was where the name "Oslob" came to be....

      , Ronda
      Ronda, Cebu
      Ronda is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 17,214 people.-Barangays:Ronda is administratively subdivided into 14 barangays:* Butong* Can-abuhon* Canduling* Cansalonoy...

      , Samboan
      Samboan, Cebu
      Samboan is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 18,140 people.-History:...

       and Santander
      Santander, Cebu
      Santander is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 15,294 people....

  • 3rd district: Rep. Pablo John García
    Pablo John Garcia
    Pablo John F. Garcia is a Filipino politician. A a member of KAMPI and the One Cebu party, Garcia was elected to the House of Representatives of the Philippines in 2007, representing the Third District of Cebu.-Personal life:...

     (One Cebu
    One Cebu
    One Cebu is a provincial political party based in the province of Cebu. It is headed by Gwendolyn Garcia, the current governor of Cebu.- History :...

    /Lakas-Kampi-CMD
    Lakas-Kampi-CMD
    Lakas Kampi CMD is a center-right political party in the Philippines and the current minority party in the country. Its ideology is heavily influenced by Christian and Islamic democracy...

    )
    • City
      Cities of the Philippines
      A city is a tier of local government in the Philippines. All Philippine cities are chartered cities, whose existence as corporate and administrative entities is governed by their own specific charters in addition to the Local Government Code of 1991, which specifies the administrative structure...

      : Toledo City
      Toledo City
      Toledo City, formerly known as Pueblo Hinulawan, is a 2nd class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. Population as of 2007 census: 152,960....

    • Municipality
      Municipalities of the Philippines
      A municipality is a local government unit in the Philippines. Municipalities are also called towns . They are distinct from cities, which are a different category of local government unit...

      : Aloguinsan
      Aloguinsan, Cebu
      Aloguinsan is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 26,164 people.-History:...

      , Asturias
      Asturias, Cebu
      Asturias is a 1st class municipality in the northwestern coast of Cebu Province, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 40,939 people.It is geographically located at 10°34'N 123°43'E...

      , Balamban
      Balamban, Cebu
      Balamban is a 1st class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 66,261.-Barangays:Balamban is administratively subdivided into 28 barangays:-External links:* *...

      , Barili
      Barili, Cebu
      Barili is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 60,430 people. Barili is located 61 kilometers southwest of Cebu City...

      , Pinamungahan
      Pinamungahan, Cebu
      Pinamungahan is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 54,859 people....

       and Tuburan
      Tuburan, Cebu
      Tuburan is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 53,663 people.Tuburan was founded in the 1851 by Don Mariano Montebon who came from the town of Sogod...

  • 4th district: Rep. Benhur Salimbangon
    Benhur Salimbangon
    Benhur L. Salimbangon is a Filipino politician. A a member of KAMPI and the One Cebu party, Salimbangon was elected to the House of Representatives of the Philippines in 2007, representing the Fourth District of Cebu.-References:...

     (One Cebu
    One Cebu
    One Cebu is a provincial political party based in the province of Cebu. It is headed by Gwendolyn Garcia, the current governor of Cebu.- History :...

    /Lakas-Kampi-CMD
    Lakas-Kampi-CMD
    Lakas Kampi CMD is a center-right political party in the Philippines and the current minority party in the country. Its ideology is heavily influenced by Christian and Islamic democracy...

    )
    • City
      Cities of the Philippines
      A city is a tier of local government in the Philippines. All Philippine cities are chartered cities, whose existence as corporate and administrative entities is governed by their own specific charters in addition to the Local Government Code of 1991, which specifies the administrative structure...

      : Bogo City
      Bogo, Cebu
      Bogo is a city in the northern part of the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 69,123 people.-Barangays:Bogo is politically subdivided into 29 barangays:* Anonang Norte - Hon. Josefina Balais...

    • Municipality
      Municipalities of the Philippines
      A municipality is a local government unit in the Philippines. Municipalities are also called towns . They are distinct from cities, which are a different category of local government unit...

      : Bantayan
      Bantayan, Cebu
      Bantayan is a 2nd class municipality on Bantayan Island in the province of Cebu, Philippines, about from Cebu City.It is the island's most populous and largest town, with a population of 71,655 people according to the 2007 census. It is bordered to the north by Madridejos and to the southeast by...

      , Daanbantayan
      Daanbantayan, Cebu
      Daanbantayan is a 1st class municipality in the province of Cebu, the Philippines, occupying the northern tip of Cebu Island. According to the 2008 census, it has a population of 73,254 people...

      , Madridejos
      Madridejos, Cebu
      Madridejos is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. It is one of the three municipalities that make up the island of Bantayan located on the western portion of the northern tip of mainland Cebu. It is bounded on the south by the municipality of Bantayan, Cebu, and on all...

      , Medellin
      Medellin, Cebu
      Medellin is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 44,860 people....

      , San Remigio
      San Remigio, Cebu
      San Remigio is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines, about north of Cebu City. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 47,826 people.-History:...

      , Santa Fe
      Santa Fe, Cebu
      Santa Fe is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 26,826 people. The municipality's territory includes the eastern portion of Bantayan Island , as well as Guintacan and Hilantagaan Islands.Bantayan Airport, serving...

      , Tabogon
      Tabogon, Cebu
      Tabogon is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 31,942 people.-Barangays:Tabogon is politically subdivided into 25 barangays:-External links:* *...

       and Tabuelan
      Tabuelan, Cebu
      Tabuelan is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 21,421 people.-Barangays:Tabuelan is politically subdivided into 12 barangays:* Bongon* Kanlim-ao* Kanluhangon* Kantubaon...

  • 5th district: Rep. Ramón Durano VI (Barug Alang sa Kauswagan ug Demokrasya/Nationalist People's Coalition
    Nationalist People's Coalition
    The Nationalist People's Coalition or NPC is a political party in the Philippines.-History:The Party was founded in 1991 after some members of the Nacionalista Party led by then Rizal Governor Isidro Rodriguez bolted from the Nacionalista Party after some disagreements with Nacionalista party...

    )
    • City
      Cities of the Philippines
      A city is a tier of local government in the Philippines. All Philippine cities are chartered cities, whose existence as corporate and administrative entities is governed by their own specific charters in addition to the Local Government Code of 1991, which specifies the administrative structure...

      : Danao City
      Danao City
      Danao City is a 3rd class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 109,534 people.In 2005, Metro Cebu's definition was expanded to include Danao City, a leader in the gun industry, in the north and the municipalities of San Fernando and Carcar...

    • Municipality
      Municipalities of the Philippines
      A municipality is a local government unit in the Philippines. Municipalities are also called towns . They are distinct from cities, which are a different category of local government unit...

      : Borbon
      Borbon, Cebu
      Borbon is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 32,278 people.Mayor: Bernard "Butch" SepulvedaVice-mayor: Noel DotillosSangguniang Bayan Members:* Roy Melgo* Neil Vergara...

      , Carmen
      Carmen, Cebu
      Carmen is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 41,279 people.-Barangays:Carmen is administratively subdivided into 21 barangays:-External links:* *...

      , Catmon
      Catmon, Cebu
      Catmon is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 27,330 people. It is located along the coast of the Camotes Sea, north of Cebu City and next to the town of Carmen...

      , Compostela
      Compostela, Cebu
      During the Battle of Guila-Guila on March 5, 1943, guerillas and male civilians organized as the soldiers and officers of the 8th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and its subordinate units the several Infantry Regiments, Field Artillery Regiments and many others and supporting...

      , Liloan
      Liloan, Cebu
      Liloan is a 1st class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 92,181 people with 42,202 registered voters and has 13,381 residents....

      , Pilar
      Pilar, Cebu
      Pilar is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 11,941 people.The municipality is contiguous with Ponson Island, that is part of the Camotes Islands.-Barangays:...

      , Poro
      Poro, Cebu
      Poro is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 21,529 people.Poro, along with the Municipality of Tudela, is located on Poro Island of the Camotes Islands....

      , San Francisco
      San Francisco, Cebu
      San Francisco is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 44,588 people....

      , Sogod
      Sogod, Cebu
      Sogod is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 28,955 people. It is north from Cebu City.-Barangays:Sogod is politically subdivided into 18 barangays:* Ampongol* Bagakay...

       and Tudela
      Tudela, Cebu
      Tudela is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 11,266 people.Tudela is east from the town center of Poro. Along with the town of Poro, Tudela is located on Poro Island...

  • 6th district: Rep. Gabriel Luis R. Quisumbing (One Cebu
    One Cebu
    One Cebu is a provincial political party based in the province of Cebu. It is headed by Gwendolyn Garcia, the current governor of Cebu.- History :...

    /Lakas-Kampi-CMD
    Lakas-Kampi-CMD
    Lakas Kampi CMD is a center-right political party in the Philippines and the current minority party in the country. Its ideology is heavily influenced by Christian and Islamic democracy...

    )
    • City
      Cities of the Philippines
      A city is a tier of local government in the Philippines. All Philippine cities are chartered cities, whose existence as corporate and administrative entities is governed by their own specific charters in addition to the Local Government Code of 1991, which specifies the administrative structure...

      : Mandaue City
      Mandaue City
      The City of Mandaue is a city in the province of Cebu in the Philippines. It is one of the three urbanized cities in the island and forms a part of the Cebu Metropolitan area. Mandaue City is located on the middle eastern coastal region of Cebu, bordering to its right-side are Mactan Island where...

    • Municipality
      Municipalities of the Philippines
      A municipality is a local government unit in the Philippines. Municipalities are also called towns . They are distinct from cities, which are a different category of local government unit...

      : Consolacion
      Consolacion, Cebu
      Consolacion is a 1st class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 89,433 people.Consolacion is part of the Cebu Metropolitan Area.-Barangays:...

       and Cordova
      Cordova, Cebu
      The Municipality of Cordova is located in the 6th district of the Cebu Province in the Philippines. The mainland of Cordova lays on a separate island, in front of the southside of Mactan Island. It is connected to the main island of Mactan over 3 bridges. The total population in Cordova is 45,066...

  • Legislative District of Lapu-Lapu City: Rep. Arturo O. Radaza (Lakas-Kampi-CMD
    Lakas-Kampi-CMD
    Lakas Kampi CMD is a center-right political party in the Philippines and the current minority party in the country. Its ideology is heavily influenced by Christian and Islamic democracy...

    )
    • City
      Cities of the Philippines
      A city is a tier of local government in the Philippines. All Philippine cities are chartered cities, whose existence as corporate and administrative entities is governed by their own specific charters in addition to the Local Government Code of 1991, which specifies the administrative structure...

      : Lapu-Lapu City
      Lapu-Lapu City
      The City of Lapu-Lapu is a first class highly urbanized city in the province of Cebu in the Philippines. The city occupies most of Mactan Island, a few kilometer off the main island of Cebu and also covers the Olango Island Group further to the southeast, plus a few other islets. It is part of the...



Cities
  • Danao City
    Danao City
    Danao City is a 3rd class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 109,534 people.In 2005, Metro Cebu's definition was expanded to include Danao City, a leader in the gun industry, in the north and the municipalities of San Fernando and Carcar...

  • Talisay City
    Talisay City, Cebu
    Talisay City is a 3rd class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 179,359 people....

  • Toledo City
    Toledo City
    Toledo City, formerly known as Pueblo Hinulawan, is a 2nd class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. Population as of 2007 census: 152,960....

  • Bogo City
  • Carcar City
    Carcar City
    Carcar is a city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 100,632 people.In 2005, Metro Cebu's definition was expanded to include Danao City in the north, and the municipality of San Fernando and the then town of Carcar down south.-Geography:Carcar...

  • Naga City
    Naga, Cebu
    Naga is a city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 95,163 people.The town is home to a large power station, situated on a 30-hectare site, Cemex cement factory at Tinaan , recently a Small Medium Enterprise industrial park was opened in...



The cities of Cebu
Cebu City
The City of Cebu is the capital city of Cebu and is the second largest city in the Philippines, the second most significant metropolitan centre in the Philippines and known as the oldest settlement established by the Spaniards in the country.The city is located on the eastern shore of Cebu and was...

, Lapu-Lapu
Lapu-Lapu City
The City of Lapu-Lapu is a first class highly urbanized city in the province of Cebu in the Philippines. The city occupies most of Mactan Island, a few kilometer off the main island of Cebu and also covers the Olango Island Group further to the southeast, plus a few other islets. It is part of the...

 and Mandaue are often grouped with the province, but are governed independently.

In 2007, the towns of Bogo, Carcar and Naga became cities. They, along with 13 other cities in the country, were demoted back to municipalities the following year by the Philippine Supreme Court, citing that these 16 cities did not pass the requirements of cityhood. However, on December 22, 2009, acting on said appeal, the Court reversed its earlier ruling as it ruled that "at the end of the day, the passage of the amendatory law (regarding the criteria for cityhood as set by Congress) is no different from the enactment of a law, i.e., the cityhood laws specifically exempting a particular political subdivision from the criteria earlier mentioned. Congress, in enacting the exempting law/s, effectively decreased the already codified indicators." As such, the cityhood status of Bogo, Carcar and Naga, are effectively restored.

On August 27, 2010, the cities of Bogo, Carcar and Naga is now plain old municipalities again. It shares the fate of 13 other cities, after the Supreme Court reinstated a 2008 decision declaring as “unconstitutional" the cityhood laws converting 16 municipalities into cities.

A previous law required towns aspiring to become cities to earn at least P100 million annually, which none of the 16 did.

Voting 7-6, with two justices not taking part, the SC reinstated its Nov. 18, 2008 decision declaring as unconstitutional the Republic Acts (RAs) converting 16 municipalities into cities.
The most recent development in the legal battles surrounding the "League of 16" came on February 15,2011. Voting 7-6, the Supreme Court (SC) ruled this week that 16 towns that became cities in 2007 can stay as cities. It's the fourth time the SC has ruled on the case and the third reversal. It said the conversion of the 16 towns into cities met all legal requirements.

Municipalities


  • Alcantara
    Alcantara, Cebu
    Alcantara is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 13,036 people.-Barangays:Alcantara is administratively subdivided into 9 barangays:* Cabadiangan* Cabil-isan* Candabong...

  • Alcoy
    Alcoy, Cebu
    Alcoy is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. From the history, its name came from Alcoi which is a city of Spain. When Spaniards came to the place during the Spanish era, some of them said that the place remind them of Alcoi, Spain, having a green and lushes environment...

  • Alegria
    Alegria, Cebu
    Alegria is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 21,699 people.-Barangays:Alegria is administratively subdivided into 9 barangays.* Compostela* Guadalupe* Legaspi* Lepanto...

  • Aloguinsan
    Aloguinsan, Cebu
    Aloguinsan is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 26,164 people.-History:...

  • Argao
    Argao, Cebu
    Argao is a 1st class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 62,226 people.-Location:...

  • Asturias
    Asturias, Cebu
    Asturias is a 1st class municipality in the northwestern coast of Cebu Province, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 40,939 people.It is geographically located at 10°34'N 123°43'E...

  • Badian
    Badian, Cebu
    Badian is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 35,876 people. The Municipality of Badian is located 97.6 km southwest of Cebu City...

  • Balamban
    Balamban, Cebu
    Balamban is a 1st class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 66,261.-Barangays:Balamban is administratively subdivided into 28 barangays:-External links:* *...

  • Bantayan
    Bantayan, Cebu
    Bantayan is a 2nd class municipality on Bantayan Island in the province of Cebu, Philippines, about from Cebu City.It is the island's most populous and largest town, with a population of 71,655 people according to the 2007 census. It is bordered to the north by Madridejos and to the southeast by...

  • Barili
    Barili, Cebu
    Barili is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 60,430 people. Barili is located 61 kilometers southwest of Cebu City...

  • Boljoon
    Boljoon, Cebu
    Boljoon is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 14,877 people.Boljoon has a total land area of 111.2 km²....


  • Borbon
    Borbon, Cebu
    Borbon is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 32,278 people.Mayor: Bernard "Butch" SepulvedaVice-mayor: Noel DotillosSangguniang Bayan Members:* Roy Melgo* Neil Vergara...

  • Carmen
    Carmen, Cebu
    Carmen is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 41,279 people.-Barangays:Carmen is administratively subdivided into 21 barangays:-External links:* *...

  • Catmon
    Catmon, Cebu
    Catmon is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 27,330 people. It is located along the coast of the Camotes Sea, north of Cebu City and next to the town of Carmen...

  • Compostela
    Compostela, Cebu
    During the Battle of Guila-Guila on March 5, 1943, guerillas and male civilians organized as the soldiers and officers of the 8th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and its subordinate units the several Infantry Regiments, Field Artillery Regiments and many others and supporting...

  • Consolacion
    Consolacion, Cebu
    Consolacion is a 1st class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 89,433 people.Consolacion is part of the Cebu Metropolitan Area.-Barangays:...

  • Cordova
    Cordova, Cebu
    The Municipality of Cordova is located in the 6th district of the Cebu Province in the Philippines. The mainland of Cordova lays on a separate island, in front of the southside of Mactan Island. It is connected to the main island of Mactan over 3 bridges. The total population in Cordova is 45,066...

  • Daanbantayan
    Daanbantayan, Cebu
    Daanbantayan is a 1st class municipality in the province of Cebu, the Philippines, occupying the northern tip of Cebu Island. According to the 2008 census, it has a population of 73,254 people...

  • Dalaguete
    Dalaguete, Cebu
    Dalaguete is a 1st class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 61,405 people.-Barangays:Dalaguete is administratively subdivided into 33 barangays:* Ablayan* Babayongan* Balud* Banhigan...

  • Dumanjug
    Dumanjug, Cebu
    Dumanjug is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 44,807 people. It has 27 schools offering basic education, four secondary schools, two tertiary education institutions, two school districts: Dumanjug Central and Bitoon...

  • Ginatilan
    Ginatilan, Cebu
    Ginatilan is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 13,654 people.Local delicacies include palagsing, tinumpi, and kinugay, which is made from Buli tree....

  • Liloan
    Liloan, Cebu
    Liloan is a 1st class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 92,181 people with 42,202 registered voters and has 13,381 residents....


  • Madridejos
    Madridejos, Cebu
    Madridejos is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. It is one of the three municipalities that make up the island of Bantayan located on the western portion of the northern tip of mainland Cebu. It is bounded on the south by the municipality of Bantayan, Cebu, and on all...

  • Malabuyoc
    Malabuyoc, Cebu
    Malabuyoc is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 18,117 people.-Barangays:Malabuyoc is administratively subdivided into 14 barangays.* Armeña * Tolosa...

  • Medellin
    Medellin, Cebu
    Medellin is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 44,860 people....

  • Minglanilla
    Minglanilla, Cebu
    Minglanilla is a 1st class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 101,585 people.Minglanilla is part of a metropolitan area known as Metro Cebu.-Geography:...

  • Moalboal
    Moalboal, Cebu
    Moalboal is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 27,398 people....

  • Oslob
    Oslob, Cebu
    Oslob is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 22,732 people.-Etymology:In a place currently named as "Nigad" in barangay Daanlungsod, Oslob was where the name "Oslob" came to be....

  • Pilar
    Pilar, Cebu
    Pilar is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 11,941 people.The municipality is contiguous with Ponson Island, that is part of the Camotes Islands.-Barangays:...

  • Pinamungahan
    Pinamungahan, Cebu
    Pinamungahan is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 54,859 people....

  • Poro
    Poro, Cebu
    Poro is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 21,529 people.Poro, along with the Municipality of Tudela, is located on Poro Island of the Camotes Islands....

  • Ronda
    Ronda, Cebu
    Ronda is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 17,214 people.-Barangays:Ronda is administratively subdivided into 14 barangays:* Butong* Can-abuhon* Canduling* Cansalonoy...

  • Samboan
    Samboan, Cebu
    Samboan is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 18,140 people.-History:...


  • San Fernando
    San Fernando, Cebu
    San Fernando is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 54,932 people....

  • San Francisco
    San Francisco, Cebu
    San Francisco is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 44,588 people....

  • San Remigio
    San Remigio, Cebu
    San Remigio is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines, about north of Cebu City. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 47,826 people.-History:...

  • Santa Fe
    Santa Fe, Cebu
    Santa Fe is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 26,826 people. The municipality's territory includes the eastern portion of Bantayan Island , as well as Guintacan and Hilantagaan Islands.Bantayan Airport, serving...

  • Santander
    Santander, Cebu
    Santander is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 15,294 people....

  • Sibonga
    Sibonga, Cebu
    Sibonga is a 1st class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 40,765 people.-Barangays:Sibonga is administratively subdivided into 25 barangays.* Abugon* Bae* Bagacay* Bahay* Banlot...

  • Sogod
    Sogod, Cebu
    Sogod is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 28,955 people. It is north from Cebu City.-Barangays:Sogod is politically subdivided into 18 barangays:* Ampongol* Bagakay...

  • Tabogon
    Tabogon, Cebu
    Tabogon is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 31,942 people.-Barangays:Tabogon is politically subdivided into 25 barangays:-External links:* *...

  • Tabuelan
    Tabuelan, Cebu
    Tabuelan is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 21,421 people.-Barangays:Tabuelan is politically subdivided into 12 barangays:* Bongon* Kanlim-ao* Kanluhangon* Kantubaon...

  • Tuburan
    Tuburan, Cebu
    Tuburan is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 53,663 people.Tuburan was founded in the 1851 by Don Mariano Montebon who came from the town of Sogod...

  • Tudela
    Tudela, Cebu
    Tudela is a 5th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 11,266 people.Tudela is east from the town center of Poro. Along with the town of Poro, Tudela is located on Poro Island...



Landmarks

This is a list of traditional landmarks:

  • Basilica Minore del Santo Niño
  • Fort San Pedro
    Fort San Pedro
    Fuerza de San Pedro is a military defence structure, built by Spanish and indigenous Cebuano labourers under the command of Spanish conquistador, Miguel López de Legazpi and the Spanish Government in Cebu...

  • Lapu Lapu shrine
    Lapu Lapu shrine
    The Lapu-Lapu shrine is a bronze statue in Punta Engaño, City of Lapu-Lapu, Cebu, Philippines, erected in honor of Datu Lapu-Lapu, a native leader who defeated Spanish soldiers and killed Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan in the Battle of Mactan on 1521....

  • Magellan's Cross
    Magellan's Cross
    Magellan's Cross is a Christian cross planted by Portuguese, and Spanish explorers as ordered by Ferdinand Magellan upon arriving in Cebu in the Philippines on April 14 or 21, 1521....

  • Magellan shrine
    Magellan shrine
    The Magellan shrine is a large memorial tower erected in honor of the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan. The spot is believed to be the area were Magellan was killed in the Battle of Mactan on 1521, Philippines. The monument measures 30 metres high and it is located in the place of Punta...

  • Cebu Taoist Temple

Festivals

List of traditional festivities:
  • Sinulog is a religious festival celebrated every third Sunday of January. The feast is held in honor of the patron saint, Señor Santo Niño de Cebú (Lord Holy Child of Cebu) and the arrival of Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan in the Philippines. The Fiesta Señor (Festival Lord) converge a procession and take part in a mardigras parade.

  • Paskuhan is a Christmas celebration of songs held during the month of December.

  • Kadaugan sa Mactan is an re-enactment held in Punta Engaño, celebrated every April 27, to commemorate the historical Battle of Mactan between the soldiers of Datu Lapu-Lapu and Ferdinand Magellan.

  • Virgin of the Rule Fiesta is held to honor the patron saint of Lapu-Lapu City on November 20 to November 21 which includes social event, and traditions of the people, including feasting and a procession of the patron saint.

  • Semana Santa sa Bantayan is a religious tradition, accompanied by a celebration of Holy Week activities in Bantayan Island.

  • Nuestra Señora de Regla Fiesta en ciudad de Lapu-Lapu is a festivity celebrated to honour the patron saint of Mactan Island on November 20 to November 21.

  • Tres de Abril is held every April 3, a celebration of the colonial resistance in the southern Philippines.


Cebu is dubbed as the "Island of Festivals" due to the popularity and number of festivals celebrated throughout the entire province:
  • Kabanhawan Festival is a festival which celebrates the resurrection of Jesus Christ. The festival is held in Minglanilla.

  • Kabkaban Festival is celebrated on November 24 to November 25 in honor of the town's patron, Saint Catherine of Alexandria. The town of Carcar is known for its old Spanish style houses. During the festivities, the residents invite their friends, relatives and town visitors into their homes to feast on traditional Cebuano cuisines.

  • Tagbo Poro is celebrated every January in honor of the Santo Niño de Poro.

  • Mantawi Festival
    Mantawi Festival
    The Mantawi Festival is an annual festival celebrated every May 7 in Mandaue City in Cebu, Philippines.- History :The city of Mandaue and the festival is named after a tree that grew in abundantly in the shores of the Cebu. The cove was founded by Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan on April 7,...

    are tribal dances and music held in Mandaue City.

  • Siloy Festival is held every August 26 in the town of Alcoy.

  • Haladaya Festival is held in the town of Daanbatayan in honour of the chieftain Datu Daya
    Datu Daya
    Datu Daya was a legendary tribal chief in the place that is now known as Daanbantayan, Cebu, in the Philippines.According to folk stories, Datu Daya was the leader of the first Malayan settlers in northern Cebu. The new settlers cleared forests and in a few years were able to establish a...

    .

  • Dinagat-Bakasi Festival is celebrated in the town of Cordova.

  • Dagitab Festival is the Festival in Naga celebrated every town fiesta.

  • Hinulawan Festival is a festival in Toledo.

  • Lapyahan Festival is a festival celebrated in cognizance with the municipality of San Remigio's festivities. It is named after the "lapyahan" meaning "shoreline". The festival is a combination of the town’s history and its tradition.

  • Kinsan Festival is held in the town of Aloguinsan every June 17. It is a festival held to promote the fish, "kinsan", a popular fish in the town.

  • Pasigarbo sa Sugbo Festival is celebrated in 2007. It features all the festivals of the cities and municipalities of Cebu.

  • Tostado Festival is celebrated in Santander.

  • Kagasangan Festival is celebrated in Moalboal.

  • Kinhason Festival is celebrated in Santa Fe.

  • Rosquillos Festival is celebrated in Liloan for its Rosquillos delicacy.

  • Hinulawan Festival is celebrated in Toledo City.

  • Karansa Festival is celebrated in Danao City.

  • Utanon Festival is celebrated in Dalaguete.

  • Sikoy-Sikoy Festival is celebrated in San Fernando.

  • Palawod Festival is celebrated in Bantayan Island.

  • Ani-Anihan Festival is celebrated in Tabuelan.

  • Soli Soli Festival is celebrated in San Francisco in the Camotes Islands.

  • Bonga Festival is celebrated in Sibonga.

  • Pamujuan Festival is celebrated in Pinamungahan.

  • Halad Inasal Festival is celebrated in Talisay City.

  • Tubod Festival is celebrated in Tuburan.

  • La Torta Festival is celebrated in Argao.

  • Sinnanggiyaw Festival is celebrated in Dumanjug.

  • Kawayan Festival is celebrated in Alegria every December 1.

  • Bolho Festival is the festival of the town of Boljoon.

  • Toslob Festival is the festival celebrated in Oslob.

  • Hinatdan Festival is the festival of Ginatilan.

  • Saksak Festival is in Samboan.

  • Sarok Festival is the festival in Consolacion.

  • Hinorno Festival is in Ronda.

  • Kaumahan Fesitval is celebrated in Barili.

  • Balang-balang Festival is in Balamban.

  • Bahandi Festival in Alcantara is celebrated every August.

  • Banig Festival in July is in Badian.

  • Sinamay Festival is celebrated in Carmen.

  • Panagsogod Festival is celebrated in Sogod.

  • Budbod-Kabog Festival in Catmon.

  • Pintos Festival is celebrated in Bogo City.

  • Isda Festival (formerly Kadagaya Festival) is in Madridejos, Bantayan.

  • Silmugi Festival is in Borbon.

  • Binuyocan Festival is in Malabuyoc.

  • Balanghoy Festival is in Tudela.


Only five towns in Cebu (Asturias, Compostela, Pilar, Tabogon, and Medellin) have no festivals.

External links

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