have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous
under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages
. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country
and member state of the European Union
located in southwestern Europe
on the Iberian Peninsula
. Its mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea
except for a small land boundary with the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar
; to the north by France
, and the Bay of Biscay
; and to the northwest and west by the Atlantic Ocean
Spanish territory also includes the Balearic Islands
in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands
in the Atlantic Ocean off the African coast, and two autonomous cities in North Africa
, that border Morocco
1229 James I of Aragon the Conqueror enters Medina Mayurqa (now known as Palma, Spain) thus consummating the Christian reconquest of the island of Majorca.
1469 Ferdinand II of Aragon marries Isabella I of Castile, a marriage that paves the way to the unification of Aragon and Castile into a single country, Spain.
1483 Gran Canaria, the main of the Canary Islands is conquered by the Kingdom of Castile, very important step in the expansion of Spain.
1491 The siege of Granada, the last Moorish stronghold in Spain, begins.
1492 Reconquista: the emirate of Granada, the last Moorish stronghold in Spain, surrenders
1492 Spain and Christopher Columbus sign the Capitulations of Santa Fe for his voyage to Asia to acquire spices.
1492 Spain gives Christopher Columbus his commission of exploration.
1492 The Jews are expelled from Spain when the Alhambra Decree takes effect.
1492 Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile drive the Jews out of Spain.
1492 The Jews of Spain are expelled by the Catholic Monarchs.