. Indonesia is an archipelago
comprising approximately 13,000 islands. It has 33 provinces
with over 238 million people, and is the world's fourth most populous country. Indonesia is a republic
, with an elected legislature and president. The nation's capital city is Jakarta
1945 Heavy fighting in Surabaya between Indonesian nationalists and returning colonialists after World War II, is celebrated as Heroes' Day (Hari Pahlawan).
1949 Indonesian National Revolution: The Netherlands officially recognizes Indonesian independence.
1950 Indonesia is admitted to the United Nations.
1950 Indonesia joins the United Nations.
1955 Twenty-nine nations meet at Bandung, Indonesia, for the first Asian-African Conference.
1957 Sukarno expels all Dutch people from Indonesia.
1961 Indonesia invades Netherlands New Guinea.
1965 General Suharto crushes an attempted coup in Indonesia.
1966 Suharto takes over from Sukarno to become President of Indonesia.
1967 The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is founded by Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.