Governor-General of the Philippines
Overview
 
The Governor-General of the Philippines was the title of the government executive during the colonial period of the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

, governed mainly by Spain
Spain
Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...

 and the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

, and briefly by Great Britain
Great Britain
Great Britain or Britain is an island situated to the northwest of Continental Europe. It is the ninth largest island in the world, and the largest European island, as well as the largest of the British Isles...

, from 1565 to 1935.
From 1565 to 1898, Spain governed the Philippines. The governor was appointed by the Viceroyalty of New Spain (until Mexico separated from
Mexican War of Independence
The Mexican War of Independence was an armed conflict between the people of Mexico and the Spanish colonial authorities which started on 16 September 1810. The movement, which became known as the Mexican War of Independence, was led by Mexican-born Spaniards, Mestizos and Amerindians who sought...

 Spain in 1821) upon recommendation of the Spanish Cortes, governed in behalf of the King of Spain.
Encyclopedia
The Governor-General of the Philippines was the title of the government executive during the colonial period of the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

, governed mainly by Spain
Spain
Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...

 and the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

, and briefly by Great Britain
Great Britain
Great Britain or Britain is an island situated to the northwest of Continental Europe. It is the ninth largest island in the world, and the largest European island, as well as the largest of the British Isles...

, from 1565 to 1935.

Spanish Colonial Government (1565–1761)

From 1565 to 1898, Spain governed the Philippines. The governor was appointed by the Viceroyalty of New Spain (until Mexico separated from
Mexican War of Independence
The Mexican War of Independence was an armed conflict between the people of Mexico and the Spanish colonial authorities which started on 16 September 1810. The movement, which became known as the Mexican War of Independence, was led by Mexican-born Spaniards, Mestizos and Amerindians who sought...

 Spain in 1821) upon recommendation of the Spanish Cortes, governed in behalf of the King of Spain. In case of vacancy (i.e. sudden death of the governor-general, or transitional period between the previous and upcoming governor from other parts of the Spanish Empire
Spanish Empire
The Spanish Empire comprised territories and colonies administered directly by Spain in Europe, in America, Africa, Asia and Oceania. It originated during the Age of Exploration and was therefore one of the first global empires. At the time of Habsburgs, Spain reached the peak of its world power....

), the Royal Audiencia in Manila appoints the temporary governor among its members until the next governor serve in full capacity.
# Picture Name From Until
1 Miguel López de Legazpi
Miguel López de Legazpi
Miguel López de Legazpi , also known as El Adelantado and El Viejo , was a Spanish conquistador who established one of the first European settlements in the East Indies and the Pacific Islands in 1565. He is the first Governor-General in the Philippines...

April 27, 1565 August 20, 1572
2 Guido de Lavezaris
Guido de Lavezaris
Guido de Lavezaris was the second Spanish Governor General of the Philippines. He succeeded Miguel López de Legazpi in 1572 as governor, and was succeeded by Francisco de Sande on August 25, 1575.-Early life:...

August 20, 1572 August 25, 1575
3 Francisco de Sande
Francisco de Sande
Francisco de Sande Picón was the third Spanish governor and captain-general of the Philippines from August 25, 1575 to April 1580.-Early career:A native of Cáceres, served as attorney, criminal judge, and auditor in Mexico...

August 25, 1575 April 1580
4 Gonzalo Ronquillo de Peñaloza
Gonzalo Ronquillo de Peñaloza
Gonzalo Ronquillo de Peñalosa , sometimes spelled as Gonçalo Ronquillo Peñaloza was the fourth Spanish governor and captain-general of the Philippines from April 1580 until his death in 1583...

April 1580 March 10, 1583
5 Diego Ronquillo
Diego Ronquillo
Diego Ronquillo was the fifth Spanish governor of the Philippines, from March 10, 1583 until May 1584. He was the nephew of his predecessor, Gonzalo Ronquillo de Peñalosa, and served as interim governor for little more than a year....

March 10, 1583 May 16, 1584
6 Santiago de Vera
Santiago de Vera
Santiago de Vera was the sixth Spanish governor of the Philippines, from May 16, 1584 until May 1590. The construction of the walled city of Intramuros, Manila, commenced during his term. Fuerte de Santiago in Intramuros was named after him....

May 16, 1584 May 1590
7 Gómez Pérez Dasmariñas June 1, 1590 October 25, 1593
8 Pedro de Rojas October 1593 December 3, 1593
9 Luis Pérez Dasmariñas
Luis Pérez Dasmariñas
Luis Pérez Dasmariñas was a Spanish soldier and governor of the Philippines from December 3, 1593 to July 14, 1596. In 1596 he sent unsuccessful expeditions to conquer Cambodia and Mindanao.Pérez Dasmariñas was a knight of the Order of Alcántara...

December 3, 1593 July 14, 1596
10 Francisco de Tello de Guzmán
Francisco de Tello de Guzmán
Francisco de Tello de Guzmán was Spanish governor of the Philippines from July 14, 1596 to May 1602. He was a knight of the Order of Santiago.-Early life and appointment as governor:...

July 14, 1596 May 1602
11 Pedro Bravo de Acuña
Pedro Bravo de Acuña
Pedro Bravo de Acuña was a Spanish military officer and colonial official in the New World and the Philippines. From 1602 to 1606 he was governor of the Philippines.-Early career and arrival in the Philippines:...

May 1602 June 24, 1606
12 Cristóbal Téllez de Almanza 
(Audiencia Real)
June 24, 1606 June 15, 1608
13 Rodrigo de Vivero y Velasco
Rodrigo de Vivero y Velasco
Rodrigo de Vivero y Velasco was a Spanish colonial officer from New Spain. In 1563 he married Melchora de Aberrucia, who was Alonso Valiente's widow, and thereby disposed the encomienda of Tecamachalco...

June 15, 1608 April 1609
14 Juan de Silva
Juan de Silva
Juan de Silva was a Spanish military commander and governor of the Philippines, from April 1609 until his death on April 19, 1616.De Silva was a native of Trujillo, Spain, and a knight of the Order of Santiago...

April 1609 April 19, 1616
15 Andrés Alcaraz
Andrés Alcaraz
Andrés Alcaraz was an auditor licentiate taking over military affairs before becoming the 15th governor of the Philippines under Spanish colonial rule.-Governor General of the Philippines:...

 
(Audiencia Real)
April 19, 1616 July 3, 1618
16 Alonso Fajardo de Entenza July 3, 1618 July 1624
17 Jeronimo de Silva 
(Audiencia Real)
July 1624 June 1625
18 Fernando de Silva
Fernándo de Silva
Fernándo de Silva was a Spanish diplomat and colonial official. From July 1625 to June 28, 1626 he was interim governor of the Philippines.-Background:...

July 1624 June 29, 1626
19 Juan Niño de Tabora
Juan Niño de Tabora
Juan Niño de Tabora , was a Spanish general and colonial official. From June 29, 1626 until his death on July 22, 1632, he was governor of the Philippines.-Early life:Juan Niño de Tabora was born in Galicia...

June 29, 1626 July 22, 1632
20 Lorenzo de Olaza 
(Audiencia Real)
July 22, 1632 1633
21 Juan Cerezo de Salamanca
Juan Cerezo de Salamanca
Juan Cerezo de Salamanca was interim Spanish governor of the Philippines from August 2, 1633 to June 25, 1635.Cerezo de Salamanca was named interim governor of the Philippines by the viceroy of New Spain, Rodrigo Pacheco y Osorio, marqués de Cerralvo to replace Juan Niño de Tabora, who had died in...

August 29, 1633 June 25, 1635
22 Sebastián Hurtado de Corcuera
Sebastián Hurtado de Corcuera
Sebastián Hurtado de Corcuera was a Spanish soldier and colonial official. From 1632 to 1634 he was governor of Panama. From June 25, 1635 to August 11, 1644 he was governor of the Philippines. And from 1659 to his death in 1660 he was governor of the Canary Islands...

June 25, 1635 August 11, 1644
23 Diego Fajardo Chacón
Diego Fajardo Chacón
Diego Fajardo Chacón was a Spanish military officer and governor of the Philippines, from August 11, 1644 to July 25, 1653.-Background:A knight of the Order of Santiago, Diego Fajardo was an illustrious scion of the house of the Marqués de los Vélez and a nephew of Philippine Governor Alonso...

August 11, 1644 July 25, 1653
24 Sabiniano Manrique de Lara
Sabiniano Manrique de Lara
Sabiniano Manrique de Lara was Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines Islands, 25 July 1653 – 8 September 1663.He succeeded Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines Islands Diego Fajardo Chacon y Entenza, who served from 11 August 1644 to 25 July 1653...

July 25, 1653 September 8, 1663
25 Diego de Salcedo September 8, 1663 September 28, 1668
26 Juan Manuel de la Peña Bonifaz
Juan Manuel de la Peña Bonifaz
Juan Manuel de la Peña Bonifaz was a Spanish politician who served as the ad interim 26th governor and captain-general of the Philippines from September 28, 1668 to September 24, 1669. Prior to his term being the governor-general, he served as the junior auditor of the Real Audiencia of Manila...

September 28, 1668 September 24, 1669
27 Manuel de León September 24, 1669 September 21, 1677
28 Francisco Coloma 
(Audiencia Real)
September 21, 1677 September 21, 1677
29 Francisco Sotomayor y Mansilla 
(Audiencia Real)
September 21, 1677 September 28, 1678
30 Juan de Vargas y Hurtado September 28, 1678 August 24, 1684
31 Gabriel de Curuzealegui y Arriola August 24, 1684 April 1689
32 Alonso de Avila Fuertes 
(Audiencia Real)
April 1689 July 1690
33 Fausto Cruzat y Gongora July 25, 1690 December 8, 1701
34 Domingo Zabálburu de Echevarri December 8, 1701 August 25, 1709
35 Martín de Urzua y Arismendi August 25, 1709 February 4, 1715
36 Jose Torralba 
(Audiencia Real)
February 4, 1715 August 9, 1717
37 Fernando Manuel de Bustillo Bustamante y Rueda August 9, 1717 October 11, 1719
38 Archbishop Francisco de la Cuesta
Francisco de la Cuesta
Francisco de la Cuesta, O.S.H. - was the 11th Archbishop of Manila from 1707 to 1722 and a Governor-General of the Philippines in 1719 to 1721.-Biography:...

 
(Archdiocese of Manila)
October 11, 1719 August 6, 1721
39 Toribio José Cosio y Campo August 6, 1721 August 14, 1729
40 Fernándo Valdés y Tamon August 14, 1729 July 1739
41 Gaspar de la Torre July 1739 September 21, 1745
42 Archbishop Juan Arrechederra 
(Archdiocese of Manila)
September 21, 1745 July 20, 1750
43 Jose Francisco de Obando y Solis July 20, 1750 July 26, 1754
44 Pedro Manuel de Arandia Santisteban
Pedro Manuel de Arandía Santisteban
Pedro Manuel de Arandía Santisteban was a Spanish knight and colonial official. He became the governor-general of the Philippines appointed from July 1754 to May 31, 1759.-Life:...

July 26, 1754 1759
45 Miguel Lino de Ezpeleta
Miguel Lino de Ezpeleta
Miguel Lino de Ezpeleta was a Spanish Criollo born in Manila who served as the Bishop of Cebu from 1757 until his death in 1771...

June 1759 May 31, 1761

British Occupation of Manila (1761–1764)

Great Britain
Kingdom of Great Britain
The former Kingdom of Great Britain, sometimes described as the 'United Kingdom of Great Britain', That the Two Kingdoms of Scotland and England, shall upon the 1st May next ensuing the date hereof, and forever after, be United into One Kingdom by the Name of GREAT BRITAIN. was a sovereign...

 occupied Manila
Manila
Manila is the capital of the Philippines. It is one of the sixteen cities forming Metro Manila.Manila is located on the eastern shores of Manila Bay and is bordered by Navotas and Caloocan to the north, Quezon City to the northeast, San Juan and Mandaluyong to the east, Makati on the southeast,...

 and the naval port of Cavite
Cavite City
The City of Cavite is a fourth class city in the province of Cavite, Philippines. The city occupies a hook shaped peninsula jutting out into Manila Bay. Cavite City used to be the capital of the province...

 as part of the Seven Years' War
Seven Years' War
The Seven Years' War was a global military war between 1756 and 1763, involving most of the great powers of the time and affecting Europe, North America, Central America, the West African coast, India, and the Philippines...

.
# Picture Name From Until
46 Archbishop Manuel Rojo del Rio y Vieyra
Manuel Rojo del Rio y Vieyra
Manuel Antonio Rojo del Rio y Vieyra was a Mexican friar who served as the Archbishop of Manila and Governor-General of the Philippines at the commencement of the 1762–1764 British occupation of Manila.-Early life:Rojo del Rio was born in Tula, Mexico on September 24, 1708...


(Archdiocese of Manila)
July 1761 October 6, 1762
47 Simón de Anda y Salazar
Simón de Anda y Salazar
Simón de Anda y Salazar was a Spanish Basque governor of the Philippines from July, 1770 to October 30, 1776.-Oidor at the Royal Audience of Manila and Lieutenant Governor:...

 
(Provisional Government in Bacolor, Pampanga
Bacolor, Pampanga
Bacolor is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Pampanga, Philippines.-Demographics:According to the latest census, it has a population of 25,238 people in 3,029 households.-History:...

)
October 6, 1762 February 10, 1764
Vacant
Due to the British Occupation of Manila from October 6 to November 2, 1762.
48 Dawsonne Drake November 2, 1762 May 31, 1764

Spanish Colonial Government (1764–1898)

# Picture Name From Until
49 Francisco Javier de la Torre
Francisco Javier de la Torre
Francisco Javier de la Torre was the 49th governor-general of the Philippines from 1764 to 1765.-Governorship:On January 30, 1764, prior to the death of Governor-General Manuel Rojo del Rio y Vieyra, Simón de Anda y Salazar assumed office as the acting governor. On March 16, 1764, Francisco Javier...

March 17, 1764 July 6, 1765
50 José Antonio Raón y Gutiérrez July 6, 1765 July 1770
51 Simón de Anda y Salazar
Simón de Anda y Salazar
Simón de Anda y Salazar was a Spanish Basque governor of the Philippines from July, 1770 to October 30, 1776.-Oidor at the Royal Audience of Manila and Lieutenant Governor:...

July 1770 October 30, 1776
52 Pedro de Sarrio October 30, 1776 July 1778
53 José Basco y Vargas
José Basco y Vargas
José Basco y Vargas, 1st Count of the Conquest of Batanes Islands was a naval officer who served as the 53rd governor of the Philippines under Spanish colonial rule, from 1778 to 1787...

July 1778 September 22, 1787
54 Pedro de Sarrio September 22, 1787 July 1, 1788
55 Félix Berenguer de Marquina
Félix Berenguer de Marquina
Félix Berenguer de Marquina was a Spanish naval officer, colonial official and, from April 30, 1800 to January 4, 1803, viceroy of New Spain.-Origins and early career:...

July 1, 1788 September 1, 1793
56 Rafael María de Aguilar y Ponce de León September 1, 1793 August 7, 1806
57 Mariano Fernández de Folgueras August 7, 1806 March 4, 1810
58 Manuel Gonzalez de Aguilar March 4, 1810 September 4, 1813
59 José Gardoqui Jaraveitia September 4, 1813 December 10, 1816
60 Mariano Fernández de Folgueras December 10, 1816 October 30, 1822
61 Juan Antonio Martínez
Juan Antonio Martínez
Juan Antonio Martínez was interim President of Guatemala from 16 August 1848—28 November 1848. Martinez was elected due to the resignation of President José Rafael Carrera Turcios on August 15, 1848....

October 30, 1822 October 14, 1825
62 Mariano Ricafort Palacín y Abarca
Mariano Ricafort Palacin y Abarca
Mariano Ricafort Palacin y Abarca was Governor of Cuba, Intendant of La Paz, part of Rio de la Plata, and the 61st Governor-General of the Philippines...

October 14, 1825 December 23, 1830
63 Pascual Enrile y Alcedo December 23, 1830 March 1, 1835
64 Gabriel de Torres March 1, 1835 April 23, 1835
65 Joaquín de Crámer April 23, 1835 September 9, 1835
66 Pedro Antonio Salazar Castillo y Varona September 9, 1835 August 27, 1837
67 Andrés García Camba August 27, 1837 December 29, 1838
68 Luis Lardizábal December 29, 1838 February 14, 1841
69 Marcelino de Oraá Lecumberri
Marcelino de Oraá Lecumberri
Marcelino de Oraá Lecumberri was a Basque Spanish military man and administrator. Born in Beriain in Navarre, he distinguished himself as a cadet during the War of Spanish Independence....

February 14, 1841 June 17, 1843
70 Francisco de Paula Alcalá de la Torre June 17, 1843 July 16, 1844
71 Narciso Clavería y Zaldúa
Narciso Clavería y Zaldúa
Narciso Clavería y Zaldúa , a native of Gerona, Spain , was the Governor-General of the Philippines from July 16, 1844 to December 26, 1849. Clavería was a man of culture, probity, and industry. He traveled through many provinces trying to learn the needs of the Filipinos...

July 16, 1844 December 26, 1849
72 Antonio María Blanco December 26, 1849 July 29, 1850
73 Antonio de Urbistondo y Eguía July 29, 1850 December 20, 1853
74 Ramón Montero y Blandino December 20, 1853 February 2, 1854
75 Manuel Pavía y Lacy
Manuel Pavia y Lacy, 1st Marquis de Novaliches
Manuel Pavía y Lacy, 1st Marquis de Novaliches , Spanish marshal, was born at Granada on the 6th of July 1814. He was the son of Colonel Pavía, and after a few years at the Jesuit school in Valencia he entered the Royal Artillery Academy at Segovia...

February 2, 1854 October 28, 1854
76 Ramón Montero y Blandino October 28, 1854 November 20, 1854
77 Manuel Crespo y Cebrían November 20, 1854 December 5, 1856
78 Ramón Montero y Blandino December 5, 1856 March 9, 1857
79 Fernándo Norzagaray y Escudero
Fernándo Norzagaray y Escudero
Fernándo Norzagaray y Escudero, a man of Basque descent, was a lieutenant general before becoming the 104th Governor of Puerto Rico and the 78th governor of the Philippines under Spanish colonial rule.-Puerto Rico:...

March 9, 1857 January 12, 1860
80 Ramón María Solano y Llanderal January 12, 1860 August 29, 1860
81 Juan Herrera Dávila August 29, 1860 February 2, 1861
82 José Lemery e Ibarrola Ney y González February 2, 1861 July 7, 1862
83 Salvador Valdés July 7, 1862 July 9, 1862
84 Rafaél de Echagüe y Bermingham July 9, 1862 March 24, 1865
85 Joaquín del Solar e Ibáñez March 24, 1865 April 25, 1865
86 Juan de Lara e Irigoyen April 25, 1865 July 13, 1866
88 José Laureano de Sanz y Posse July 13, 1866 September 21, 1866
89 Juan Antonio Osorio September 21, 1866 September 27, 1866
90 Joaquín del Solar e Ibáñez September 27, 1866 October 26, 1866
91 José de la Gándara y Navarro
José de la Gándara y Navarro
José de la Gándara y Navarro was a Spanish soldier, born in Bilbao. He entered the military College as a cadet in 1832, joined the army in 1834 as sublieutenant, and served in the campaign against the Carlists till 1839, participating in all the battles...

October 26, 1866 June 7, 1869
92 Manuel Maldonado June 7, 1869 June 23, 1869
93 Cárlos María de la Torre y Nava Cerrada
Carlos María de la Torre y Nava Cerrada
Carlos María de la Torre y Nava Cerrada is considered the most beloved of the Spanish Governors-General ever assigned in the Philippines . He was the assigned Governor-General after the Spanish Revolution of 1869....

June 23, 1869 April 4, 1871
94 Rafael de Izquierdo y Gutíerrez
Rafael de Izquierdo y Gutíerrez
Rafael de Izquierdo y Gutiérrez was a Spanish Military Officer, Political Leader and Statesman who became Governor-General of the Philippines from April 4, 1871 to January 8, 1873. He was famous for his use of "Iron Fist" type of government, contradicting the liberal government of his predecessor,...

April 4, 1871 January 8, 1873
95 Manuel MacCrohon January 8, 1873 January 24, 1873
96 Juan Alaminos y Vivar January 24, 1873 March 17, 1874
97 Manuel Blanco Valderrama acting March 17, 1874 June 18, 1874
98 José Malcampo y Monje June 18, 1874 February 28, 1877
99 Domingo Moriones y Murillo February 28, 1877 March 20, 1880
100 Rafael Rodríguez Arias March 20, 1880 April 15, 1880
101 Fernando Primo de Rivera
Fernando Primo de Rivera
Fernando Primo de Rivera y Sobremonte, 1st Marqués of Estella, 12th Count of Peña Vélez, 17th Count of Torres Rovellas, 23rd Count of Sobremonte was a Spanish politician, and soldier....

 1st term
April 15, 1880 March 10, 1883
102 Emilio Molíns
Emilio Molíns
Emilio Molíns was a former military officer of rank lance corporal of Spanish army in the Philippines. From March 10 to April 7, 1883, he temporarily served as the 102nd governor and captain-general of the Philippines after the reappointment of Fernándo Primo de Rivera...

 1st term, acting
March 10, 1883 April 7, 1883
103 Joaquín Jovellar April 7, 1883 April 1, 1885
104 Emilio Molíns
Emilio Molíns
Emilio Molíns was a former military officer of rank lance corporal of Spanish army in the Philippines. From March 10 to April 7, 1883, he temporarily served as the 102nd governor and captain-general of the Philippines after the reappointment of Fernándo Primo de Rivera...

 2nd term, acting
April 1, 1885 April 4, 1885
105 Emilio Terrero y Perinat
Emilio Terrero y Perinat
Emilio Terrero y Perinat was a 33rd degree Mason who became the Governor-General of the Philippines from 1885 to 1888. He was renowned for his campaign against the Moros in Mindanao.-Governor General of the Philippines:...

April 4, 1885 1888
106 Antonio Molto acting 1888 1888
107 Federico Lobaton acting 1888 1888
108 Valeriano Wéyler
Valeriano Weyler
Don Valeriano Weyler y Nicolau, 1st Duke of Rubí and 1st Marquis of Tenerife Don Valeriano Weyler y Nicolau, 1st Duke of Rubí and 1st Marquis of Tenerife Don Valeriano Weyler y Nicolau, 1st Duke of Rubí and 1st Marquis of Tenerife (Seed in Ambos Camarines.-Philippines:In 1888, he was sent out as...

1888 1891
109 Eulogio Despujol
Eulogio Despujol
Eulogio Despujol y Dusay served as a Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines from 1891 to 1893. A native of Catalunya, at first, he ruled in the Philippines as a conservative but later became a reactionary...

1891 1893
110 Federico Ochando acting 1893 1893
111 Ramón Blanco 1893 December 13, 1896
112 Camilo Polavieja acting December 13, 1896 April 15, 1897
113 José de Lachambre
José de Lachambre
José de Lachambre was Governor-General of the Philippines until he resigned from his position due to the appointment of Fernando Primo de Rivera in 1897....

 acting
April 15, 1897 April 23, 1897
114 Fernando Primo de Rivera
Fernando Primo de Rivera
Fernando Primo de Rivera y Sobremonte, 1st Marqués of Estella, 12th Count of Peña Vélez, 17th Count of Torres Rovellas, 23rd Count of Sobremonte was a Spanish politician, and soldier....

 2nd term
April 23, 1897 April 11, 1898
115 Basilio Augustín
Basilio Augustín
Basilio Augustín y Dávila was briefly a Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines, from April 11 to July 24, 1898, in the middle of the Philippine Revolution. He attempted to create a consultative assembly of Filipino Ilustrados loyal to Spain and a militia force of Filipinos, as a pretext for...

April 11, 1898 July 24, 1898
116 Fermín Jáudenes
Fermin Jáudenes
Fermin Jáudenes y Alvarez was briefly a Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines, from July 24 to August 13, 1898, in the middle of the Philippine Revolution. During his term, two important events occurred – the mock Battle of Manila and the surrender of the Spanish, ending over 330 years of rule...

 acting
July 24, 1898 August 13, 1898
117 Francisco Rizzo
Francisco Rizzo
General Francisco Rizzo was the acting Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines, from August 13 to September 1898, after the Battle of Manila. He relieved General Fermin Jáudenes as Acting Governor-General on August 13. Sources reported that Rizzo relocated the Spanish capital from Manila to...

 acting
August 13, 1898 September 1898
118 Diego de los Ríos
Diego de los Ríos
Diego de los Ríos was the last Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines. He became the governor during the Spanish American War with the capital at Iloilo on August 13, 1898. He later transferred his capital to Fort Pilar in Zamboanga when he saw the Visayan rebels closing on him in October of...

 acting
September 1898 June 3, 1899
align="center" | Nicolás Jaramillo acting June 3, 1899 December 10, 1898

United States Military Government (1898–1901)

The American military government was established following the defeat of Spain in the Spanish-American War
Spanish-American War
The Spanish–American War was a conflict in 1898 between Spain and the United States, effectively the result of American intervention in the ongoing Cuban War of Independence...

. During the transition period, executive authority in all civil affairs in the Philippine government was exercised by the military governor.
# Picture Name From Until
1 Wesley Merritt
Wesley Merritt
Wesley Merritt was a general in the United States Army during the American Civil War and the Spanish-American War. He is noted for distinguished service in the cavalry.-Early life:...

August 13, 1898 August 29, 1898
2 Elwell S. Otis August 29, 1898 May 5, 1900
3 Arthur MacArthur, Jr.
Arthur MacArthur, Jr.
Lieutenant General Arthur MacArthur, Jr. , was a United States Army General. He became the military Governor-General of the American-occupied Philippines in 1900 but his term ended a year later due to clashes with the civilian governor, future President William Howard Taft...

May 5, 1900 July 4, 1901
4 Adna Chaffee
Adna Chaffee
Adna Romanza Chaffee was a General in the United States Army. Chaffee took part in the American Civil War and Indian Wars, played a key role in the Spanish-American War, and was instrumental in crushing the Boxer Rebellion in China...

 
July 4, 1901 July 4, 1902

Insular Government (1901–1935)

On July 4, 1901, executive authority over the islands was transferred to the president of the Philippine Commission
Philippine Commission
The Philippine Commission was a body appointed by the President of the United States to exercise legislative and limited executive powers in the Philippines. It was first appointed by President William McKinley in 1901. Beginning in 1907, it acted as the upper house of a bicameral Philippine...

 who had the title of "civil governor", a position appointed by the President of the United States
President of the United States
The President of the United States of America is the head of state and head of government of the United States. The president leads the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces....

 and approved by the United States Senate
United States Senate
The United States Senate is the upper house of the bicameral legislature of the United States, and together with the United States House of Representatives comprises the United States Congress. The composition and powers of the Senate are established in Article One of the U.S. Constitution. Each...

. For the first year, a military governor, Adna Chaffee, ruled parts of the country still resisting the American rule, concurrent with civil governor, William Howard Taft. Disagreements between the two were not uncommon. The following year, on July 4, 1902, the civil governor became the sole executive authority of the islands. Chaffee remained as Commander of Philippine Division until September 30, 1902.

The title was changed to "governor general" in 1905 by Act of Congress (Public 43 - February 6, 1905). From 1901 to 1935, the Philippines was under the authority of the U.S. Bureau of Insular Affairs
Bureau of Insular Affairs
The Bureau of Insular Affairs was a division of the United States War Department that oversaw United States administration of certain territories from 1902 until 1939....

. The term "insular" refers to an unincorporated territory of the United States. On November 15, 1935, following the inauguration of the Commonwealth of the Philippines
Commonwealth of the Philippines
The Commonwealth of the Philippines was a designation of the Philippines from 1935 to 1946 when the country was a commonwealth of the United States. The Commonwealth was created by the Tydings-McDuffie Act, which was passed by the U.S. Congress in 1934. When Manuel L...

 government, the title was changed to High Commissioner of the Philippines.
# Picture Name From Until
1 William Howard Taft
William Howard Taft
William Howard Taft was the 27th President of the United States and later the tenth Chief Justice of the United States...

July 4, 1901 February 1, 1904
2 Luke Edward Wright
Luke Edward Wright
Luke Edward Wright was a United States political figure. He served as Governor-General of the Philippines between 1904 and 1906 and also as Secretary of War from 1908 to 1909.-Biography:...

February 1, 1904 November 3, 1905
3 Henry Clay Ide
Henry Clay Ide
Henry Clay Ide was a U.S. judge, colonial Commissioner, ambassador, and Governor-General.- Early life, States Attorney, Senator, and Presidential Commissioner to Samoa :...

November 3, 1905 September 19, 1906
4 James Francis Smith
James Francis Smith
James Francis Smith was an American Brigadier General, associate justice to the Supreme Court of the Philippines, Governor-General of the Philippines, and associate judge of the U.S. Court of Customs Appeals until his death....

September 20, 1906 November 11, 1909
5 William Cameron Forbes
William Cameron Forbes
William Cameron Forbes was an American investment banker and diplomat. He served as Governor-General of the Philippines from 1908 to 1913 and Ambassador of the United States to Japan from 1930 - 1932....

November 11, 1909 September 1, 1913
6 Newton W. Gilbert
Newton W. Gilbert
Newton Whiting Gilbert was a politician from Indiana. He was the 23rd Lieutenant Governor of Indiana, member of the Indiana State Senate, a representative in the United States House of Representatives, and Acting Governor-General of the Philippines from September 1, 1913 to October 6, 1913.-Notes:...

 
Acting Governor-General
September 1, 1913 October 6, 1913
7 Francis Burton Harrison
Francis Burton Harrison
Francis Burton Harrison was an American statesman who served in the United States House of Representatives and appointed Governor-General of the Philippines by President of the United States Woodrow Wilson...

October 6, 1913 March 5, 1921
8 Charles Yeater
Charles Yeater
Charles Emmett Yeater of Sedalia, Missouri was acting Governor-General of the Philippines from March 5, 1921 to October 14, 1921....


Acting Governor-General
March 5, 1921 October 14, 1921
9 Leonard Wood
Leonard Wood
Leonard Wood was a physician who served as the Chief of Staff of the United States Army, Military Governor of Cuba and Governor General of the Philippines. Early in his military career, he received the Medal of Honor. Wood also holds officer service #2 in the Regular Army...

October 14, 1921 August 7, 1927
10 Eugene Allen Gilmore
Eugene Allen Gilmore
Eugene Allen Gilmore was the acting Governor-General of the Philippines from 1929 to 1930, the Dean of the College of Law at the University of Iowa from 1930 to 1934, the twelfth President of the University of Iowa from 1934 to 1940, and the law dean at the University of Pittsburgh School of Law...


Acting Governor-General
August 7, 1927 December 27, 1927
11 Henry L. Stimson
Henry L. Stimson
Henry Lewis Stimson was an American statesman, lawyer and Republican Party politician and spokesman on foreign policy. He twice served as Secretary of War 1911–1913 under Republican William Howard Taft and 1940–1945, under Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt. In the latter role he was a leading hawk...

December 27, 1927 February 23, 1929
12 Eugene Allen Gilmore
Eugene Allen Gilmore
Eugene Allen Gilmore was the acting Governor-General of the Philippines from 1929 to 1930, the Dean of the College of Law at the University of Iowa from 1930 to 1934, the twelfth President of the University of Iowa from 1934 to 1940, and the law dean at the University of Pittsburgh School of Law...


Acting Governor-General
February 23, 1929 July 8, 1929
13 Dwight F. Davis
Dwight F. Davis
Dwight Filley Davis was an American tennis player and politician. He is best remembered as the founder of the Davis Cup international tennis competition.-Biography:...

July 8, 1929 January 9, 1932
14 George C. Butte
George C. Butte
George Charles Butte was a jurist, educator, and Republican politician from the U.S. state of Texas, who was his party's gubernatorial nominee in 1924 against the controversial Democrat Miriam Wallace "Ma" Ferguson, one of the first two women governors in the United States.U.S...


Acting Governor-General
January 9, 1932 February 29, 1932
15 Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.
Theodore D. Roosevelt, Jr. , was an American political and business leader, a Medal of Honor recipient who fought in both of the 20th century's world wars. He was the eldest son of President Theodore Roosevelt from his second wife Edith Roosevelt...

February 29, 1932 July 15, 1933
16 Frank Murphy
Frank Murphy
William Francis Murphy was a politician and jurist from Michigan. He served as First Assistant U.S. District Attorney, Eastern Michigan District , Recorder's Court Judge, Detroit . Mayor of Detroit , the last Governor-General of the Philippines , U.S...

July 15, 1933 November 14, 1935

Japanese military governors (1942–1945)

In December 1941, the Commonwealth of the Philippines
Commonwealth of the Philippines
The Commonwealth of the Philippines was a designation of the Philippines from 1935 to 1946 when the country was a commonwealth of the United States. The Commonwealth was created by the Tydings-McDuffie Act, which was passed by the U.S. Congress in 1934. When Manuel L...

 was invaded
Military history of the Philippines during World War II
The Commonwealth of the Philippines was invaded by the Empire of Japan in December 1941 shortly after Japan's declaration of war upon the United States of America, which controlled the Philippines at the time and possessed important military bases there. The combined American-Filipino army was...

 by Japan
Japan
Japan is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south...

 as part of World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

. The next year, the Empire of Japan
Empire of Japan
The Empire of Japan is the name of the state of Japan that existed from the Meiji Restoration on 3 January 1868 to the enactment of the post-World War II Constitution of...

 sent a military governor to control the country during wartime, followed by the formal establishment of the puppet
Puppet state
A puppet state is a nominal sovereign of a state who is de facto controlled by a foreign power. The term refers to a government controlled by the government of another country like a puppeteer controls the strings of a marionette...

 second republic
Second Philippine Republic
The Second Philippine Republic, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , was a state in the Philippines established on October 14, 1943 under Japanese occupation....

.
# Picture Name From Until
1 Masaharu Homma
Masaharu Homma
was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army. He is noteworthy for his role in the invasion and occupation of the Philippines during World War II. Homma, who was an amateur painter and playwright, was also known as the Poet General.-Biography:...

January 3, 1942 June 8, 1942
2 Shizuichi Tanaka
Shizuichi Tanaka
- Notes :...

June 8, 1942 May 28, 1943
3 Shigenori Kuroda
Shigenori Kuroda
Shigenori Kuroda was a general of the Japanese Imperial Army during World War II.-Biography:Kuroda was commissioned as an infantry officer in 1909. He graduated from War College in 1916 and became a military observer in Europe. It was during World War I. From 1935-1937, he served as military...

May 28, 1943 September 26, 1944
4 Tomoyuki Yamashita
Tomoyuki Yamashita
General was a general of the Japanese Imperial Army during World War II. He was most famous for conquering the British colonies of Malaya and Singapore, earning the nickname "The Tiger of Malaya".- Biography :...

September 26, 1944 October 6, 1945

See also

  • Audiencia
    Audiencia
    The Royal Audiencia was a court that functioned as an appellate court in Spain and its empire. The name of the institution has been sometimes translated as Royal Audience. The additional designation cancillería was applied to the appellate courts in early modern Spain...

  • Viceroyalty of New Spain
  • List of Viceroys of New Spain
  • Spanish Empire
    Spanish Empire
    The Spanish Empire comprised territories and colonies administered directly by Spain in Europe, in America, Africa, Asia and Oceania. It originated during the Age of Exploration and was therefore one of the first global empires. At the time of Habsburgs, Spain reached the peak of its world power....

  • History of the Philippines
    History of the Philippines
    The history of the Philippines is believed to have begun with the arrival of the first humans via land bridges at least 30,000 years ago. The first recorded visit from the West is the arrival of Ferdinand Magellan, who sighted Samar on March 16, 1521 and landed on Homonhon Island southeast of Samar...

  • Military History of the Philippines
    Military history of the Philippines
    -Battle of Mactan:The Battle of Mactan on April 27, 1521, is celebrated as the earliest reported resistance of the natives in the Philippines against foreign invaders. Lapu-Lapu, a Chieftain of Mactan Island, defeated Christian European explorers led by the Portuguese navigator Ferdinand...

  • United States Territory
    United States territory
    United States territory is any extent of region under the jurisdiction of the federal government of the United States, including all waters including all U.S. Naval carriers. The United States has traditionally proclaimed the sovereign rights for exploring, exploiting, conserving, and managing its...

  • Governor-General
    Governor-General
    A Governor-General, is a vice-regal person of a monarch in an independent realm or a major colonial circonscription. Depending on the political arrangement of the territory, a Governor General can be a governor of high rank, or a principal governor ranking above "ordinary" governors.- Current uses...

  • Lists of office-holders
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