1246 With the death of Duke Frederick II, the Babenberg dynasty ends in Austria.
1335 Otto the Merry, Duke of Austria, becomes Duke of Carinthia.
1571 Austrian nobility is granted freedom of religion.
1779 War of Bavarian Succession: Russian and French mediators at the Congress of Teschen negotiate an end to the war. In the agreement Austria receives the part of its territory that was taken from it (the Innviertel).
1793 Battle of Geisberg: French defeat Austrians.
1805 Austria and France sign the Treaty of Pressburg.
1809 An Austrian corps is defeated by the forces of the Duchy of Warsaw in the Battle of Raszyn, part of the struggles of the Fifth Coalition. On the same day the Austrian main army is defeated by a First French Empire Corps led by Louis-Nicolas Davout at the Battle of Teugen-Hausen in Bavaria, part of a four day campaign which ended in a French victory.
1809 Two Austrian army corps in Bavaria are defeated by a First French Empire army led by Napoleon I of France at the Battle of Abensberg on the second day of a four day campaign which ended in a French victory.
1809 Two Austrian army corps are driven from Landshut by a First French Empire army led by Napoleon I of France as two French corps to the north hold off the main Austrian army on the first day of the Battle of Eckmühl.
1813 The Treaty of Ried was signed between Bayern and Austria.
1818 The first performance of "Silent Night" takes place in the church of St. Nikolaus in Oberndorf, Austria.
1849 After a month-long siege, Venice, which had declared itself independent, surrenders to Austria.
1867 The Austro-Hungarian agreement known as Ausgleich ("the Compromise") is born through Act 12, which establishes the Austro-Hungarian Empire; on June 8 Emperor Franz Joseph is crowned King of Hungary.
1869 Austria issues the world's first postcards.
1881 Secret treaty between Austria and Serbia.
1917 Battle of Caporetto; Italy suffers a catastrophic defeat at the forces of Austria-Hungary and Germany on the Austro-Italian front of World War I (lasts until 19 November - also called Twelfth Battle of the Isonzo).
1918 Austria becomes a republic.
1920 The Carinthian Plebiscite determines that the larger part of Carinthia should remain part of Austria.
1927 Massacre of July 15, 1927: 89 protesters are killed by the Austrian police in Vienna.
1987 The U.S. Department of Justice bars the Austrian President Kurt Waldheim from entering the United States, saying he had aided in the deportation and execution of thousands of Jews and others as a German Army officer during World War II.