: Republika e Shqipnísë), is a country in Southeastern Europe, in the Balkans
region. It is bordered by Montenegro
to the northwest, Kosovo
to the northeast, the Republic of Macedonia
to the east and Greece
to the south and southeast. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea
to the west, and on the Ionian Sea
to the southwest. It is less than 72 km (45 mi) from Italy
, across the Strait of Otranto
which links the Adriatic Sea
to the Ionian Sea
Albania is a member of the UN
, NATO, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
, Council of Europe
, World Trade Organisation, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and one of the founding members of the Union for the Mediterranean
1443 Skanderbeg and his forces liberate Kruja in Middle Albania and raise the Albanian flag.
1799 Napoleon Bonaparte captures Jaffa in Palestine and his troops proceed to kill more than 2,000 Albanian captives.
1911 Dedë Gjon Luli Dedvukaj, leader of the Malësori Albanians, raises the Albanian flag in the town of Tuzi, Montenegro, for the first time after Gjergj Kastrioti (Skenderbeg).
1912 Albania declares its independence from the Ottoman Empire.
1913 First Balkan War: the Treaty of London, 1913 is signed ending the war. Albania becomes an independent nation.
1913 Otto Witte, an acrobat, is purportedly crowned King of Albania.
1914 The Autonomous Republic of Northern Epirus is proclaimed in Gjirokastër, by the Greeks living in southern Albania.
1914 Prince William of Wied arrives in Albania to begin his reign.
1914 The Protocol of Corfu is signed recognising full autonomy to Northern Epirus under nominal Albanian sovereignty.
1924 Albania becomes a republic.