December 9


  • 730
    Year 730 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 730 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.- Europe :* Charles Martel defeats the last independent...

     – Battle of Marj Ardabil: the Khazars
    The Khazars were semi-nomadic Turkic people who established one of the largest polities of medieval Eurasia, with the capital of Atil and territory comprising much of modern-day European Russia, western Kazakhstan, eastern Ukraine, Azerbaijan, large portions of the northern Caucasus , parts of...

     annihilate an Umayyad
    The Umayyad Caliphate was the second of the four major Arab caliphates established after the death of Muhammad. It was ruled by the Umayyad dynasty, whose name derives from Umayya ibn Abd Shams, the great-grandfather of the first Umayyad caliph. Although the Umayyad family originally came from the...

     army and kill its commander, al-Djarrah ibn Abdullah
    Al-Djarrah ibn Abdullah
    Abu `Uqbah al-Djarrah ibn `Abdullah al-Hakami was an Arab nobleman of the Hakami tribe. During the course of the early 700s he was at various times governor of Seistan, Khurasan, Armenia, and Arran...

  • 1425 – The Catholic University of Leuven
    Catholic University of Leuven
    The Catholic University of Leuven, or of Louvain, was the largest, oldest and most prominent university in Belgium. The university was founded in 1425 as the University of Leuven by John IV, Duke of Brabant and approved by a Papal bull by Pope Martin V.During France's occupation of Belgium in the...

     is founded.
  • 1531 – The Virgin of Guadalupe
    Our Lady of Guadalupe
    Our Lady of Guadalupe , also known as the Virgin of Guadalupe is a celebrated Catholic icon of the Virgin Mary.According to tradition, on December 9, 1531 Juan Diego, a simple indigenous peasant, had a vision of a young woman while he was on a hill in the Tepeyac desert, near Mexico City. The lady...

     first appears to Juan Diego at Tepeyac
    Tepeyac or the Hill of Tepeyac, historically known by the names "Tepeyacac" and "Tepeaquilla", is located inside Gustavo A. Madero, the northernmost delegación or borough of the Mexican Federal District. It is the site where Saint Juan Diego met the Virgin of Guadalupe in December of 1531, and...

    , Mexico City
    Mexico City
    Mexico City is the Federal District , capital of Mexico and seat of the federal powers of the Mexican Union. It is a federal entity within Mexico which is not part of any one of the 31 Mexican states but belongs to the federation as a whole...

  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War
    American Revolutionary War
    The American Revolutionary War , the American War of Independence, or simply the Revolutionary War, began as a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and thirteen British colonies in North America, and ended in a global war between several European great powers.The war was the result of the...

    : British troops lose the Battle of Great Bridge
    Battle of Great Bridge
    The Battle of Great Bridge was fought December 9, 1775, in the area of Great Bridge, Virginia, early in the American Revolutionary War. The victory by Continental Army and militia forces led to the departure of Governor Lord Dunmore and any remaining vestiges of British power from the Colony of...

    , and leave Virginia
    The Commonwealth of Virginia , is a U.S. state on the Atlantic Coast of the Southern United States. Virginia is nicknamed the "Old Dominion" and sometimes the "Mother of Presidents" after the eight U.S. presidents born there...

     soon afterward.
  • 1793 – New York City
    New York City
    New York is the most populous city in the United States and the center of the New York Metropolitan Area, one of the most populous metropolitan areas in the world. New York exerts a significant impact upon global commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and...

    's first daily newspaper
    A newspaper is a scheduled publication containing news of current events, informative articles, diverse features and advertising. It usually is printed on relatively inexpensive, low-grade paper such as newsprint. By 2007, there were 6580 daily newspapers in the world selling 395 million copies a...

    , the American Minerva, is established by Noah Webster
    Noah Webster
    Noah Webster was an American educator, lexicographer, textbook pioneer, English spelling reformer, political writer, editor, and prolific author...

  • 1824 – Patriot forces led by General Antonio José de Sucre
    Antonio José de Sucre
    Antonio José de Sucre y Alcalá , known as the "Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho" , was a Venezuelan independence leader. Sucre was one of Simón Bolívar's closest friends, generals and statesmen.-Ancestry:...

     defeat a Royalist army in the Battle of Ayacucho
    Battle of Ayacucho
    The Battle of Ayacucho was a decisive military encounter during the Peruvian War of Independence. It was the battle that sealed the independence of Peru, as well as the victory that ensured independence for the rest of South America...

    , putting an end to the Peruvian War of Independence.
  • 1835 – The Texian Army
    Texian Army
    The Texian Army was a military organization consisting of volunteer and regular soldiers who fought against the Mexican army during the Texas Revolution. Approximately 3,700 men joined the army between October 2, 1835 during the Battle of Gonzales through the end of the war on April 21, 1836, at...

     captures San Antonio, Texas
    San Antonio, Texas
    San Antonio is the seventh-largest city in the United States of America and the second-largest city within the state of Texas, with a population of 1.33 million. Located in the American Southwest and the south–central part of Texas, the city serves as the seat of Bexar County. In 2011,...

  • 1851 – The first YMCA
    The Young Men's Christian Association is a worldwide organization of more than 45 million members from 125 national federations affiliated through the World Alliance of YMCAs...

     in North America
    North America
    North America is a continent wholly within the Northern Hemisphere and almost wholly within the Western Hemisphere. It is also considered a northern subcontinent of the Americas...

     is established in Montreal, Quebec.
  • 1856 – The Iran
    Iran , officially the Islamic Republic of Iran , is a country in Southern and Western Asia. The name "Iran" has been in use natively since the Sassanian era and came into use internationally in 1935, before which the country was known to the Western world as Persia...

    ian city of Bushehr
    Bushehr Bushehr lies in a vast plain running along the coastal region on the Persian Gulf coast of southwestern Iran. It is the chief seaport of the country and the administrative centre of its province. Its location is about south of Tehran. The local climate is hot and humid.The city...

     surrenders to occupying British
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
    The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was the formal name of the United Kingdom during the period when what is now the Republic of Ireland formed a part of it....

  • 1861 – American Civil War
    American Civil War
    The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States of America. In response to the election of Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States, 11 southern slave states declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America ; the other 25...

    : The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War is established by the U.S. Congress.
  • 1872 – In Louisiana
    Louisiana is a state located in the southern region of the United States of America. Its capital is Baton Rouge and largest city is New Orleans. Louisiana is the only state in the U.S. with political subdivisions termed parishes, which are local governments equivalent to counties...

    , P. B. S. Pinchback
    P. B. S. Pinchback
    Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback was the first non-white and first person of African American descent to become governor of a U.S. state...

     becomes the first serving African-American governor of a U.S. state.
  • 1875 – The Massachusetts Rifle Association
    Massachusetts Rifle Association
    Although there are several clubs that claim the title, the is the oldest active gun club in the United States. It was founded in 1875, just four years after the creation of the National Rifle Association in 1871...

    , "America's Oldest Active Gun Club", is founded.
  • 1888 – Statistician Herman Hollerith
    Herman Hollerith
    Herman Hollerith was an American statistician who developed a mechanical tabulator based on punched cards to rapidly tabulate statistics from millions of pieces of data. He was the founder of one of the companies that later merged and became IBM.-Personal life:Hollerith was born in Buffalo, New...

     installs his computing device at the United States War Department.
  • 1897 – Activist Marguerite Durand
    Marguerite Durand
    Marguerite Durand was a French stage actress, journalist, and a leading suffragette.-Biography:Born into a middle-class family, Marguerite Durand was sent to study at a Roman Catholic convent...

     founds the feminist daily newspaper
    A newspaper is a scheduled publication containing news of current events, informative articles, diverse features and advertising. It usually is printed on relatively inexpensive, low-grade paper such as newsprint. By 2007, there were 6580 daily newspapers in the world selling 395 million copies a...

    , La Fronde
    La Fronde
    La Fronde was a French feminist newspaper first published in Paris on December 9, 1897 by activist Marguerite Durand . Durand, a well known actress and journalist, used her high-profile image to attract many notable Parisian women to contribute articles to her daily newspaper, which was run and...

    , in Paris
    Paris is the capital and largest city in France, situated on the river Seine, in northern France, at the heart of the Île-de-France region...

  • 1905 – In France
    The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

    , the law separating church and state is passed.
  • 1917 – In Palestine
    Palestine is a conventional name, among others, used to describe the geographic region between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River, and various adjoining lands....

    , Field Marshal
    Field Marshal
    Field Marshal is a military rank. Traditionally, it is the highest military rank in an army.-Etymology:The origin of the rank of field marshal dates to the early Middle Ages, originally meaning the keeper of the king's horses , from the time of the early Frankish kings.-Usage and hierarchical...

     Edmund Allenby
    Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby
    Field Marshal Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby GCB, GCMG, GCVO was a British soldier and administrator most famous for his role during the First World War, in which he led the Egyptian Expeditionary Force in the conquest of Palestine and Syria in 1917 and 1918.Allenby, nicknamed...

     captures Jerusalem.
  • 1922 – Gabriel Narutowicz
    Gabriel Narutowicz
    Gabriel Narutowicz was a Lithuanian-born professor of hydroelectric engineering at Switzerland's Zurich Polytechnic, and Poland's Minister of Public Works , Minister of Foreign Affairs , and the first president of the Second Polish Republic....

     is announced the first president of Poland
    Poland , officially the Republic of Poland , is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north...

  • 1931 – The Constituent Cortes
    Constituent Cortes
    Constituent Cortes is the description of Spain's parliament, the Cortes, when convened as a constituent assembly.In the 20th century, only one Constituent Cortes was officially opened , and that was the Republican Cortes in 1931.The Cortes in 1977 enacted the new Spanish constitution...

     approves the constitution which establishes the Second Spanish Republic
    Second Spanish Republic
    The Second Spanish Republic was the government of Spain between April 14 1931, and its destruction by a military rebellion, led by General Francisco Franco....

  • 1935 – Walter Liggett
    Walter Liggett
    Walter W. Liggett , was an American journalist.Liggett was a crusading newspaper editor in the Minnesota of the 1930s...

    , American newspaper editor and muckraker, is killed in gangland murder.
  • 1937 – Second Sino-Japanese War
    Second Sino-Japanese War
    The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan. From 1937 to 1941, China fought Japan with some economic help from Germany , the Soviet Union and the United States...

    : Battle of Nanjing
    Battle of Nanjing
    The Battle of Nanking began after the fall of Shanghai on October 9, 1937, and ended with the fall of the capital city of Nanking on December 13, 1937 to Japanese troops, a few days after the Republic of China Government had evacuated the city and relocated to Wuhan...

     – Japanese troops under the command of Lt. Gen. Asaka Yasuhiko launch an assault on the Chinese
    Republic of China
    The Republic of China , commonly known as Taiwan , is a unitary sovereign state located in East Asia. Originally based in mainland China, the Republic of China currently governs the island of Taiwan , which forms over 99% of its current territory, as well as Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu and other minor...

     city of Nanjing
    ' is the capital of Jiangsu province in China and has a prominent place in Chinese history and culture, having been the capital of China on several occasions...

  • 1940 – World War II
    World War II
    World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

    : Operation Compass
    Operation Compass
    Operation Compass was the first major Allied military operation of the Western Desert Campaign during World War II. British and Commonwealth forces attacked Italian forces in western Egypt and eastern Libya in December 1940 to February 1941. The attack was a complete success...

     – British
    United Kingdom
    The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

     and India
    India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...

    n troops under the command of Major-General Richard O'Connor
    Richard O'Connor
    General Sir Richard Nugent O'Connor KT, GCB, DSO & Bar, MC, ADC was a British Army general who commanded the Western Desert Force in the early years of World War II...

     attack Italian
    Military history of Italy during World War II
    During World War II , the Kingdom of Italy had a varied and tumultuous military history. Defeated in Greece, France, East Africa and North Africa, the Italian invasion of British Somaliland was one of the only successful Italian campaigns of World War II accomplished without German support.In...

     forces near Sidi Barrani
    Sidi Barrani
    Sidi Barrani is a town in Egypt, near the Mediterranean Sea, about east of the border with Libya, and around from Tobruk, Libya.Probably named after Sidi Mohammed el Barrani, a Senussi fighter in the early 1900s, the village is mainly a Bedouin community...

     in Egypt
    Egypt , officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, Arabic: , is a country mainly in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula forming a land bridge in Southwest Asia. Egypt is thus a transcontinental country, and a major power in Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, the Middle East and the Muslim world...

  • 1941 – World War II: The Republic of China
    Republic of China
    The Republic of China , commonly known as Taiwan , is a unitary sovereign state located in East Asia. Originally based in mainland China, the Republic of China currently governs the island of Taiwan , which forms over 99% of its current territory, as well as Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu and other minor...

    , Cuba
    The Republic of Cuba is an island nation in the Caribbean. The nation of Cuba consists of the main island of Cuba, the Isla de la Juventud, and several archipelagos. Havana is the largest city in Cuba and the country's capital. Santiago de Cuba is the second largest city...

    , Guatemala
    Guatemala is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, and Honduras and El Salvador to the southeast...

    , the Republic of Korea
    Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea
    The Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea was the partially recognised government in exile of Korea, based in Shanghai, China, and later in Chongqing, during the Colonial Korea.-History:...

    , and the Philippine Commonwealth
    Commonwealth of the Philippines
    The Commonwealth of the Philippines was a designation of the Philippines from 1935 to 1946 when the country was a commonwealth of the United States. The Commonwealth was created by the Tydings-McDuffie Act, which was passed by the U.S. Congress in 1934. When Manuel L...

    , declare war on Germany
    Nazi Germany
    Nazi Germany , also known as the Third Reich , but officially called German Reich from 1933 to 1943 and Greater German Reich from 26 June 1943 onward, is the name commonly used to refer to the state of Germany from 1933 to 1945, when it was a totalitarian dictatorship ruled by...

     and Japan.
  • 1941 – World War II: The 19th Bombardment Group
    19th Operations Group
    The 19th Operations Group is the operational flying component of the United States Air Force 19th Airlift Wing, stationed at Little Rock Air Force Base, Arkansas....

     attacks Japanese ships off the coast of Vigan, Luzon
    Luzon is the largest island in the Philippines. It is located in the northernmost region of the archipelago, and is also the name for one of the three primary island groups in the country centered on the Island of Luzon...

  • 1946 – The "Subsequent Nuremberg Trials
    Subsequent Nuremberg Trials
    The Subsequent Nuremberg Trials were a series of twelve U.S...

    " begin with the "Doctors' Trial
    Doctors' Trial
    The Doctors' Trial was the first of 12 trials for war crimes that the United States authorities held in their occupation zone in Nuremberg, Germany after the end of World War II. These trials were held before U.S...

    ", prosecuting doctor
    A physician is a health care provider who practices the profession of medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining or restoring human health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury and other physical and mental impairments...

    s alleged to be involved in human experimentation
    Nazi human experimentation
    Nazi human experimentation was a series of medical experiments on large numbers of prisoners by the Nazi German regime in its concentration camps mainly in the early 1940s, during World War II and the Holocaust. Prisoners were coerced into participating: they did not willingly volunteer and there...

  • 1950 – Harry Gold
    Harry Gold
    Harry Gold was a laboratory chemist who was convicted of being the “courier” for a number of Soviet spy rings during the Manhattan Project.-Early life:Gold was born in Switzerland to poor Russian Jewish immigrants...

     is sentenced to 30 years in jail for helping Klaus Fuchs
    Klaus Fuchs
    Klaus Emil Julius Fuchs was a German theoretical physicist and atomic spy who in 1950 was convicted of supplying information from the American, British and Canadian atomic bomb research to the USSR during and shortly after World War II...

     pass information about the Manhattan Project
    Manhattan Project
    The Manhattan Project was a research and development program, led by the United States with participation from the United Kingdom and Canada, that produced the first atomic bomb during World War II. From 1942 to 1946, the project was under the direction of Major General Leslie Groves of the US Army...

     to the Soviet Union
    Soviet Union
    The Soviet Union , officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics , was a constitutionally socialist state that existed in Eurasia between 1922 and 1991....

    . His testimony is later instrumental in the prosecution of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
    Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
    Ethel Greenglass Rosenberg and Julius Rosenberg were American communists who were convicted and executed in 1953 for conspiracy to commit espionage during a time of war. The charges related to their passing information about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union...

  • 1953 – Red Scare: General Electric
    General Electric
    General Electric Company , or GE, is an American multinational conglomerate corporation incorporated in Schenectady, New York and headquartered in Fairfield, Connecticut, United States...

     announces that all communist employees will be discharged from the company.
  • 1956 – Trans-Canada Air Lines
    Trans-Canada Air Lines
    Trans-Canada Air Lines was a Canadian airline and operated as the country's flag carrier. Its corporate headquarters were in Montreal, Quebec...

     Flight 810
    Trans-Canada Air Lines Flight 810
    Trans-Canada Air Lines Flight 810 was a Canadair North Star on a scheduled flight from Vancouver to Calgary . The plane crashed into Mount Slesse near Chilliwack, British Columbia, Canada, on 9 December 1956 after encountering severe icing and turbulence over the mountains...

    , a Canadair North Star
    Canadair North Star
    The Canadair North Star was a 1940s Canadian development of the Douglas C-54 / DC-4 aircraft. Instead of radial piston engines found on the Douglas design, Canadair employed Rolls-Royce Merlin engines in order to achieve a 35 mph faster cruising speed. The prototype flew on 15 July 1946 and...

    , crashes near Hope
    Hope, British Columbia
    Hope is a district municipality located at the confluence of the Fraser and Coquihalla rivers in the province of British Columbia, Canada. Hope is at the eastern end of both the Fraser Valley and the Lower Mainland region, and is at the southern end of the Fraser Canyon...

    , British Columbia
    British Columbia
    British Columbia is the westernmost of Canada's provinces and is known for its natural beauty, as reflected in its Latin motto, Splendor sine occasu . Its name was chosen by Queen Victoria in 1858...

    , Canada
    Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west, and northward into the Arctic Ocean...

    , killing all 62 people on board.
  • 1958 – The John Birch Society
    John Birch Society
    The John Birch Society is an American political advocacy group that supports anti-communism, limited government, a Constitutional Republic and personal freedom. It has been described as radical right-wing....

     is founded in the United States
    United States
    The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

  • 1960 – The first episode of the world's longest-running television soap opera
    Soap opera
    A soap opera, sometimes called "soap" for short, is an ongoing, episodic work of dramatic fiction presented in serial format on radio or as television programming. The name soap opera stems from the original dramatic serials broadcast on radio that had soap manufacturers, such as Procter & Gamble,...

     Coronation Street
    Coronation Street
    Coronation Street is a British soap opera set in Weatherfield, a fictional town in Greater Manchester based on Salford. Created by Tony Warren, Coronation Street was first broadcast on 9 December 1960...

    is broadcast in the United Kingdom
    United Kingdom
    The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

  • 1961 – The trial of Nazi
    Nazism, the common short form name of National Socialism was the ideology and practice of the Nazi Party and of Nazi Germany...

     Adolf Eichmann
    Adolf Eichmann
    Adolf Otto Eichmann was a German Nazi and SS-Obersturmbannführer and one of the major organizers of the Holocaust...

     in Israel
    The State of Israel is a parliamentary republic located in the Middle East, along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea...

     ends with verdicts of guilty on 15 criminal charges, including charges of crimes against humanity, crimes against the Jewish people and membership of an outlawed organization.
  • 1961 – Tanganyika
    Tanganyika , later formally the Republic of Tanganyika, was a sovereign state in East Africa from 1961 to 1964. It was situated between the Indian Ocean and the African Great Lakes of Lake Victoria, Lake Malawi and Lake Tanganyika...

     becomes independent from Britain.
  • 1962 – The Petrified Forest National Park
    Petrified Forest National Park
    Petrified Forest National Park is a United States national park in Navajo and Apache counties in northeastern Arizona. The park's headquarters are about east of Holbrook along Interstate 40 , which parallels a railroad line, the Puerco River, and historic U.S. Route 66, all crossing the park...

     is established in Arizona
    Arizona ; is a state located in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the western United States and the mountain west. The capital and largest city is Phoenix...

  • 1965 – The Kecksburg UFO incident
    Kecksburg UFO incident
    The Kecksburg UFO incident occurred on December 9, 1965 at Kecksburg, Pennsylvania, USA. A large, brilliant fireball was seen by thousands in at least six U.S. states and Ontario, Canada...

    : a fireball is seen from Michigan to Pennsylvania; witnesses report something crashing in the woods near Pittsburgh. In 2005 NASA admits that it examined the object.
  • 1966 – Barbados
    Barbados is an island country in the Lesser Antilles. It is in length and as much as in width, amounting to . It is situated in the western area of the North Atlantic and 100 kilometres east of the Windward Islands and the Caribbean Sea; therein, it is about east of the islands of Saint...

     joins the United Nations
    United Nations
    The United Nations is an international organization whose stated aims are facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and achievement of world peace...

  • 1968 – NLS
    NLS (computer system)
    NLS, or the "oN-Line System", was a revolutionary computer collaboration system designed by Douglas Engelbart and implemented by researchers at the Augmentation Research Center at the Stanford Research Institute during the 1960s...

     (a system for which hypertext
    Hypertext is text displayed on a computer or other electronic device with references to other text that the reader can immediately access, usually by a mouse click or keypress sequence. Apart from running text, hypertext may contain tables, images and other presentational devices. Hypertext is the...

     and the computer mouse were developed) is publicly demonstrated for the first time in San Francisco.
  • 1971 – The United Arab Emirates
    United Arab Emirates
    The United Arab Emirates, abbreviated as the UAE, or shortened to "the Emirates", is a state situated in the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman, and Saudi Arabia, and sharing sea borders with Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, and Iran.The UAE is a...

     join the United Nations
    United Nations
    The United Nations is an international organization whose stated aims are facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and achievement of world peace...

  • 1979 – The eradication of the smallpox
    Smallpox was an infectious disease unique to humans, caused by either of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor. The disease is also known by the Latin names Variola or Variola vera, which is a derivative of the Latin varius, meaning "spotted", or varus, meaning "pimple"...

    A virus is a small infectious agent that can replicate only inside the living cells of organisms. Viruses infect all types of organisms, from animals and plants to bacteria and archaea...

     is certified, making smallpox the first and to date only human disease driven to extinction.
  • 1987 – Israeli-Palestinian conflict
    Israeli-Palestinian conflict
    The Israeli–Palestinian conflict is the ongoing conflict between Israelis and Palestinians. The conflict is wide-ranging, and the term is also used in reference to the earlier phases of the same conflict, between Jewish and Zionist yishuv and the Arab population living in Palestine under Ottoman or...

    : The First Intifada
    First Intifada
    The First Intifada was a Palestinian uprising against the Israeli occupation of the Palestinian Territories. The uprising began in the Jabalia refugee camp and quickly spread throughout Gaza, the West Bank and East Jerusalem....

     begins in the Gaza Strip
    Gaza Strip
    thumb|Gaza city skylineThe Gaza Strip lies on the Eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. The Strip borders Egypt on the southwest and Israel on the south, east and north. It is about long, and between 6 and 12 kilometres wide, with a total area of...

     and West Bank
    West Bank
    The West Bank ) of the Jordan River is the landlocked geographical eastern part of the Palestinian territories located in Western Asia. To the west, north, and south, the West Bank shares borders with the state of Israel. To the east, across the Jordan River, lies the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan...

  • 1988 – The Michael Hughes Bridge in Sligo
    Sligo is the county town of County Sligo in Ireland. The town is a borough and has a charter and a town mayor. It is sometimes referred to as a city, and sometimes as a town, and is the second largest urban area in Connacht...

    , Ireland
    Ireland is an island to the northwest of continental Europe. It is the third-largest island in Europe and the twentieth-largest island on Earth...

     is officially opened.
  • 2000 – The Supreme Court of the United States
    Supreme Court of the United States
    The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest court in the United States. It has ultimate appellate jurisdiction over all state and federal courts, and original jurisdiction over a small range of cases...

     stays the sixth Florida recount.
  • 2003 – A blast
    Red Square Bombing
    The 2003 Red Square bombing was the 9 December 2003 suicide bombing on Mohovaja street in Moscow.According to police, a female suicide bomber set off a explosive belt on a busy street close to the Moscow Kremlin, killing six people and injuring 44. Moscow's mayor Yuri Luzhkov reported speculation...

     in the center of Moscow
    Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...

     kills six people and wounds several more.
  • 2008 – The Governor of Illinois
    Governor of Illinois
    The Governor of Illinois is the chief executive of the State of Illinois and the various agencies and departments over which the officer has jurisdiction, as prescribed in the state constitution. It is a directly elected position, votes being cast by popular suffrage of residents of the state....

    , Rod Blagojevich
    Rod Blagojevich
    Rod R. Blagojevich is an American politician who served as the 40th Governor of Illinois from 2003 to 2009. A Democrat, Blagojevich was a State Representative before being elected to the United States House of Representatives representing parts of Chicago...

    , is arrested by federal officials for a number of alleged crimes including attempting to sell the United States Senate
    United States Senate
    The United States Senate is the upper house of the bicameral legislature of the United States, and together with the United States House of Representatives comprises the United States Congress. The composition and powers of the Senate are established in Article One of the U.S. Constitution. Each...

     seat being vacated by President-elect
    President-elect of the United States
    President-elect of the United States is the title used for an incoming President of the United States in the period between the general election on Election Day in November and noon eastern standard time on Inauguration Day, January 20, during which he is not in office yet...

     Barack Obama's
    Barack Obama
    Barack Hussein Obama II is the 44th and current President of the United States. He is the first African American to hold the office. Obama previously served as a United States Senator from Illinois, from January 2005 until he resigned following his victory in the 2008 presidential election.Born in...

     election to the Presidency.


  • 1447 – Chenghua
    Chenghua Emperor
    The Chenghua Emperor was Emperor of the Ming dynasty in China, between 1464 and 1487. His era name means "Accomplished change".-Childhood:Born Zhu Jianshen, he was the Zhengtong Emperor's son. He was only 2 years old when his father, the Zhengtong emperor, was captured by the Oirat Mongols and...

    , Emperor of China (d. 1487)
  • 1508 – Gemma Frisius
    Gemma Frisius
    Gemma Frisius , was a physician, mathematician, cartographer, philosopher, and instrument maker...

    , Dutch mathematician and cartographer (d. 1555)
  • 1561 – Sir Edwin Sandys
    Edwin Sandys (American colonist)
    Sir Edwin Sandys was an English politician, a leading figure in the parliaments of James I of England. He was also one of the founders of the proprietary Virginia Company of London, which in 1607 established the first permanent English settlement in what is now the United States in the colony of...

    , English-born Virginian colonist (d. 1629)
  • 1571 – Metius
    Adriaan Adriaanszoon, called Metius, , was a Dutch geometer and astronomer. He was born in Alkmaar. The name Metius comes from the Dutch word meten , and therefore means something like "measurer" or "surveyor."-Father and brother:Metius was born at Alkmaar, North Holland...

     (Adriaan Adriaanszoon), Dutch mathematician and astronomer (d. 1635)
  • 1579 – Martin de Porres
    Martin de Porres
    Martin de Porres was a lay brother of the Dominican Order who was beatified in 1837 by Pope Gregory XVI and canonized in 1962 by Pope John XXIII. He is the patron saint of mixed-race people and all those seeking interracial harmony.He was noted for work on behalf of the poor, establishing an...

    , Peruvian saint (d. 1639)
  • 1594 – Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden
    Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden
    Gustav II Adolf has been widely known in English by his Latinized name Gustavus Adolphus Magnus and variously in historical writings also as Gustavus, or Gustavus the Great, or Gustav Adolph the Great,...

     (d. 1632)
  • 1608 – John Milton
    John Milton
    John Milton was an English poet, polemicist, a scholarly man of letters, and a civil servant for the Commonwealth of England under Oliver Cromwell...

    , English poet (d. 1674)
  • 1610 – Baldassare Ferri
    Baldassare Ferri
    Baldassare Ferri was an Italian castrato singer.He was an Italian male sopranist and one of the most extraordinary singers that ever lived....

    , Italian castrato (d. 1680)
  • 1652 – Augustus Quirinus Rivinus
    Augustus Quirinus Rivinus
    Augustus Quirinus Rivinus , also known as August Bachmann, was a German physician and botanist.He was born in Leipzig, Germany, and studied at the University of Leipzig , continued his studies in the University of Helmstedt...

    , German physician (d. 1723)
  • 1667 – William Whiston
    William Whiston
    William Whiston was an English theologian, historian, and mathematician. He is probably best known for his translation of the Antiquities of the Jews and other works by Josephus, his A New Theory of the Earth, and his Arianism...

    , English mathematician (d. 1752)
  • 1717 – Johann Joachim Winckelmann
    Johann Joachim Winckelmann
    Johann Joachim Winckelmann was a German art historian and archaeologist. He was a pioneering Hellenist who first articulated the difference between Greek, Greco-Roman and Roman art...

    , German art historian (d. 1768)
  • 1748 – Claude Louis Berthollet
    Claude Louis Berthollet
    Claude Louis Berthollet was a Savoyard-French chemist who became vice president of the French Senate in 1804.-Biography:...

    , French chemist (d. 1822)
  • 1751 – Maria Luisa of Parma
    Maria Luisa of Parma
    Maria Luisa of Parma was Queen consort of Spain from 1788 to 1808 as the wife of King Charles IV of Spain. She was the youngest daughter of Duke Philip of Parma and his wife, Louise-Élisabeth of France, the eldest daughter of King Louis XV.She was christened Luisa Maria Teresa Ana, but was known...

    , queen of Charles IV of Spain (d. 1819)
  • 1787 – John Dobson
    John Dobson (architect)
    John Dobson was a 19th-century English architect in the neoclassical tradition. He became the most noted architect in the North of England. Churches and houses by him dot the North East - Nunnykirk Hall, Meldon Park, Mitford Hall, Lilburn Tower, St John the Baptist Church in Otterburn,...

    , English architect (d. 1865)
  • 1806 – Jean-Olivier Chénier
    Jean-Olivier Chénier
    Jean-Olivier Chénier was a physician in Lower Canada . Born in Lachine . During the Lower Canada Rebellion, he commanded the Patriote forces in the Battle of Saint-Eustache...

    , French Canadian physician and Patriote
    Patriote movement
    The Patriote movement was a political movement that existed in Lower Canada from the turning of the 19th century to the Patriote Rebellion of 1837 and 1838 and the subsequent Act of Union of 1840. It was politically embodied by the Parti patriote at the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada...

     (d. 1838)
  • 1837 – Émile Waldteufel
    Émile Waldteufel
    Émile Waldteufel was a French composer of dance music.-Life:Émile Waldteufel was born in Strasbourg to a Jewish Alsatian family of musicians....

    , French composer (d. 1915)
  • 1842 – Peter Kropotkin
    Peter Kropotkin
    Prince Pyotr Alexeyevich Kropotkin was a Russian zoologist, evolutionary theorist, philosopher, economist, geographer, author and one of the world's foremost anarcho-communists. Kropotkin advocated a communist society free from central government and based on voluntary associations between...

    , Russian anarchist (d. 1921)
  • 1845 – Joel Chandler Harris
    Joel Chandler Harris
    Joel Chandler Harris was an American journalist, fiction writer, and folklorist best known for his collection of Uncle Remus stories. Harris was born in Eatonton, Georgia, where he served as an apprentice on a plantation during his teenage years...

    , American writer (Uncle Remus)(d. 1908)
  • 1847 – George Grossmith
    George Grossmith
    George Grossmith was an English comedian, writer, composer, actor, and singer. His performing career spanned more than four decades...

    , English actor and writer (d. 1912)
  • 1850 – Emma Abbott
    Emma Abbott
    Emma Abbott was an American operatic soprano and impresario known for her pure, clear voice of great flexibility and volume.-Early life:...

    , American soprano (d. 1891)
  • 1861 – Hélène Smith
    Hélène Smith
    Hélène Smith was a famous late-19th century French psychic. She was known as "the Muse of Automatic Writing" by the Surrealists, who viewed Smith as evidence of the power of the surreal, and a symbol of surrealist knowledge...

    , French psychic (d. 1929)
  • 1868 – Fritz Haber
    Fritz Haber
    Fritz Haber was a German chemist, who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1918 for his development for synthesizing ammonia, important for fertilizers and explosives. Haber, along with Max Born, proposed the Born–Haber cycle as a method for evaluating the lattice energy of an ionic solid...

    , German chemist, Nobel Prize
    Nobel Prize in Chemistry
    The Nobel Prize in Chemistry is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry. It is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Alfred Nobel in 1895, awarded for outstanding contributions in chemistry, physics, literature,...

     laureate (d. 1934)
  • 1871 – Joe Kelley
    Joe Kelley
    Joseph James Kelley was an American left fielder in Major League Baseball who starred in the outfield of the powerful Baltimore Oriole teams of the 1890s.-Career:...

    , American baseball player (d. 1943)
  • 1876 – Berton Churchill
    Berton Churchill
    Berton Churchill was a Canadian actor.Born in Toronto, Ontario. As a young man interested in the theater, he appeared in stock companies as early as 1903 and later headed to New York City where he began an acting career that soon put him on the Broadway stage...

    , American actor (d. 1940)
  • 1882 – Joaquín Turina
    Joaquín Turina
    Joaquín Turina was a Spanish composer of classical music.-Biography:Turina was born in Seville but his origins were in northern Italy . He studied in Seville as well as in Madrid...

    , Spanish composer (d. 1949)
  • 1883 – Nikolai Luzin
    Nikolai Luzin
    Nikolai Nikolaevich Luzin, , was a Soviet/Russian mathematician known for his work in descriptive set theory and aspects of mathematical analysis with strong connections to point-set topology. He was the eponym of Luzitania, a loose group of young Moscow mathematicians of the first half of the...

    , Russian mathematician (d. 1950)
  • 1883 – Alexander Papagos
    Alexander Papagos
    Field Marshal Alexander Papagos , was a Greek General who led the Greek Army in the Greco-Italian War and the later stages of the Greek Civil War and became the country's Prime Minister...

    , Greek General and Prime Minister
    Prime Minister of Greece
    The Prime Minister of Greece , officially the Prime Minister of the Hellenic Republic , is the head of government of the Hellenic Republic and the leader of the Greek cabinet. The current interim Prime Minister is Lucas Papademos, a former Vice President of the European Central Bank, following...

     (d. 1955)
  • 1886 – Clarence Birdseye
    Clarence Birdseye
    Clarence Frank Birdseye II was an American inventor who is considered the founder of the modern method of freezing food.- Early work :...

    , American frozen food manufacturer (d. 1956)
  • 1887 – Tim Moore
    Tim Moore (comedian)
    Tim Moore was a celebrated American vaudevillian and comic actor of the first half of the 20th century. He gained his greatest recognition in the starring role of George "Kingfish" Stevens in the CBS television series, Amos 'n' Andy...

    , American actor and vaudevillian (d. 1958)
  • 1889 – Hannes Kolehmainen
    Hannes Kolehmainen
    Juho Pietari "Hannes" Kolehmainen was a Finnish long-distance runner. He is considered to be the first of a generation of great Finnish long distance runners, often named the "Flying Finns". Kolehmainen competed for a number of years in the United States, wearing the Winged Fist of the Irish...

    , Finnish long-distance runner (d. 1966)
  • 1891 – Maksim Bahdanovič
    Maksim Bahdanovic
    Maksim Bahdanovich was a famous Belarusian poet, journalist and literary critic.- Life :Bahdanovich was born in Minsk in the family of a scientist...

    , Belarusian poet (d. 1917)
  • 1895 – Dolores Ibárruri
    Dolores Ibárruri
    Isidora Dolores Ibárruri Gómez , known more famously as "La Pasionaria" was a Spanish Republican leader of the Spanish Civil War and communist politician of Basque origin...

    , Spanish political leader (d. 1989)
  • 1895 – Conchita Supervía
    Conchita Supervia
    Conchita Supervía was a highly popular Spanish mezzo-soprano singer who appeared in opera in Europe and America and also gave recitals....

    , Spanish opera singer (d. 1936)
  • 1897 – Hermione Gingold
    Hermione Gingold
    Hermione Gingold was an English actress known for her sharp-tongued, eccentric persona, an image enhanced by her sharp nose and chin, as well as her deepening voice, a result of vocal nodes which her mother reportedly encouraged her not to remove. She starred on stage, on radio, in films, on...

    , English actress (d. 1987)
  • 1898 – Emmett Kelly
    Emmett Kelly
    Emmett Leo Kelly , a native of Sedan, Kansas, was an American circus performer, who created the memorable clown figure "Weary Willie", based on the hobos of the Depression era.- Career development :...

    , American circus clown (d. 1979)
  • 1899 – Jean de Brunhoff
    Jean de Brunhoff
    Jean de Brunhoff was a French writer and illustrator known for creating the Babar books, the first of which appeared in 1931. He was the fourth and youngest child of Maurice de Brunhoff, a publisher, and his wife Marguerite. He attended Protestant schools, including the prestigious Ecole Alsacienne...

    , French author (d. 1937)
  • 1900 – Albert Weisbord
    Albert Weisbord
    Albert Weisbord was an American political activist and union organizer. He is best remembered as one of the primary union organizers of the seminal 1926 Passaic Textile Strike and as the founder of a small Trotskyist political organization of the 1930s called the Communist League of...

    , American labor organizer (d. 1977)
  • 1901 – Carol Dempster
    Carol Dempster
    Carol Dempster was an American film actress of the silent film era.-Biography:Born in Duluth, Minnesota, Dempster got her start in films as a protégé of legendary film director D.W. Griffith alongside other Griffith actresses of the mid-1910s Lillian and Dorothy Gish and Mae Marsh...

    , American actress (d. 1991)
  • 1901 – Ödön von Horváth
    Ödön von Horváth
    Edmund Josef von Horváth was a German-writing Austro-Hungarian-born playwright and novelist...

    , Hungarian-born writer (d. 1938)
  • 1901 – Jean Mermoz
    Jean Mermoz
    Jean Mermoz was a French aviator, viewed as a hero by many in both Argentina and his native France, where many schools bear his name...

    , French pilot (d. 1936)
  • 1902 – Margaret Hamilton
    Margaret Hamilton
    Margaret Hamilton was an American film actress known for her portrayal of the Wicked Witch of the West in the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz...

    , American actress (d. 1985)
  • 1904 – Robert Livingston
    Robert Livingston (actor)
    Robert Livingston was an American film actor. He appeared in 135 films between 1921 and 1975.Often billed as "Bob Livingston," he was the original "Stony Brooke" in the "Three Mesquiteers" Western B-movie series, a role later played by John Wayne for eight films...

    , American actor (d. 1988)
  • 1905 – Dalton Trumbo
    Dalton Trumbo
    James Dalton Trumbo was an American screenwriter and novelist, and one of the Hollywood Ten, a group of film professionals who refused to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee in 1947 during the committee's investigation of Communist influences in the motion picture industry...

    , American writer (d. 1976)
  • 1906 – Grace Hopper
    Grace Hopper
    Rear Admiral Grace Murray Hopper was an American computer scientist and United States Navy officer. A pioneer in the field, she was one of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer, and developed the first compiler for a computer programming language...

    , American computer pioneer (d. 1992)
  • 1909 – Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.
    Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.
    Douglas Elton Fairbanks, Jr. KBE was an American actor and a highly decorated naval officer of World War II.-Early life:...

    , American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1911 – Broderick Crawford
    Broderick Crawford
    Broderick Crawford was an Academy Award-winning American stage, film, radio and TV actor, often cast in tough-guy roles and best known for his starring role in the television series "Highway Patrol."-Early life:...

    , American actor (d. 1986)
  • 1911 – Lee J. Cobb
    Lee J. Cobb
    Lee J. Cobb was an American actor. He is best known for his performance in 12 Angry Men his Academy Award-nominated performance in On the Waterfront and one of his last films, The Exorcist...

    , American actor (d. 1976)
  • 1911 – Ryūzō Sejima, Japanese educator (d. 2007)
  • 1912 – Tip O'Neill
    Tip O'Neill
    Thomas Phillip "Tip" O'Neill, Jr. was an American politician. O'Neill was an outspoken liberal Democrat and influential member of the U.S. Congress, serving in the House of Representatives for 34 years and representing two congressional districts in Massachusetts...

    , Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
    Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
    The Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, or Speaker of the House, is the presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives...

     (d. 1994)
  • 1914 – Frances Reid
    Frances Reid
    Frances Reid was an American dramatic actress. Although she starred in many productions, she is best known for her portrayal of Alice Horton on the NBC daytime soap opera Days of our Lives from its debut in November 1965 until her death on February 3, 2010.-Biography:Born in Wichita Falls, Texas,...

    , American actress (d. 2010)
  • 1915 – Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
    Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
    Dame Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, DBE was a German-born Austrian/British soprano opera singer and recitalist. She was among the most renowned opera singers of the 20th century, much admired for her performances of Mozart, Schubert, Strauss, and Wolf.-Early life:Olga Maria Elisabeth Friederike...

    , German-born soprano (d. 2006)
  • 1916 – Kirk Douglas
    Kirk Douglas
    Kirk Douglas is an American stage and film actor, film producer and author. His popular films include Out of the Past , Champion , Ace in the Hole , The Bad and the Beautiful , Lust for Life , Paths of Glory , Gunfight at the O.K...

    , American actor
  • 1916 – Jerome Beatty Jr., American author (d. 2002)
  • 1917 – James Angleton
    James Jesus Angleton
    James Jesus Angleton was chief of the Central Intelligence Agency's counterintelligence staff from 1954 to 1975...

    , head of counterintelligence for the CIA
    Central Intelligence Agency
    The Central Intelligence Agency is a civilian intelligence agency of the United States government. It is an executive agency and reports directly to the Director of National Intelligence, responsible for providing national security intelligence assessment to senior United States policymakers...

     (d. 1987)
  • 1917 – James Rainwater
    James Rainwater
    Leo James Rainwater was an American physicist who shared the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1975 for his part in determining the asymmetrical shapes of certain atomic nuclei.-Biography:...

    , American physicist, Nobel laureate
    Nobel Prize in Physics
    The Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded once a year by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. It is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Alfred Nobel in 1895 and awarded since 1901; the others are the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Nobel Prize in Literature, Nobel Peace Prize, and...

     (d. 1986)
  • 1918 – Joyce Redman
    Joyce Redman
    -Biography:She was born in County Mayo, Ireland, to an Anglo-Irish family. She was educated by a private governess in Ireland, along with her three sisters. She was trained in acting at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art....

    , Irish actress
  • 1919 – William Lipscomb
    William Lipscomb
    William Nunn Lipscomb, Jr. was a Nobel Prize-winning American inorganic and organic chemist working in nuclear magnetic resonance, theoretical chemistry, boron chemistry, and biochemistry.-Overview:...

    , American chemist, Nobel laureate
    Nobel Prize in Chemistry
    The Nobel Prize in Chemistry is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry. It is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Alfred Nobel in 1895, awarded for outstanding contributions in chemistry, physics, literature,...

  • 1920 – Carlo Azeglio Ciampi
    Carlo Azeglio Ciampi
    dr. Carlo Azeglio Ciampi is an Italian politician and banker. He was the 73rd Prime Minister of Italy from 1993 to 1994 and was the tenth President of the Italian Republic from 1999 to 2006...

    , President of the Italian Republic
  • 1922 – Redd Foxx
    Redd Foxx
    John Elroy Sanford , better known by his stage name Redd Foxx, was an American comedian and actor, best known for his starring role on the sitcom Sanford and Son.-Early life:...

    , American comedian (d. 1991)
  • 1925 – Dina Merrill
    Dina Merrill
    -Early life:Merrill was born Nedenia Marjorie Hutton in New York City, New York, the only child of Post Cereals heiress Marjorie Merriweather Post and her second husband, Wall Street stockbroker Edward Francis Hutton...

    , American actress
  • 1926 – Henry Way Kendall
    Henry Way Kendall
    Henry Way Kendall was an American particle physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1990 jointly with Jerome Isaac Friedman and Richard E...

    , American physicist, Nobel laureate
    Nobel Prize in Physics
    The Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded once a year by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. It is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Alfred Nobel in 1895 and awarded since 1901; the others are the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Nobel Prize in Literature, Nobel Peace Prize, and...

     (d. 1999)
  • 1926 – Jan Křesadlo
    Jan Kresadlo
    Jan Křesadlo was the primary pseudonym used by Václav Jaroslav Karel Pinkava , a Czech psychologist who was also a prizewinning novelist and poet....

    , Czech writer (d. 1995)
  • 1927 – Pierre Henry
    Pierre Henry
    Pierre Henry is a French composer, considered a pioneer of the musique concrète genre of electronic music.-Biography:...

    , French composer
  • 1928 – André Milhoux
    André Milhoux
    André Milhoux is a former racing driver from Belgium. He participated in one Formula One World Championship Grand Prix, the 1956 German Grand Prix on 5 August 1956, however he had to retire after 15 laps due to an engine failure. He scored no championship points.-Complete Formula One World...

    , Belgian racing driver
  • 1928 – Dick Van Patten
    Dick Van Patten
    Richard Vincent "Dick" Van Patten is an American actor, best known for his role as patriarch Tom Bradford on the television sitcom Eight is Enough. He began work as a child actor and was successful on the [New York] stage, appearing in more than a dozen plays as a teenager...

    , American actor
  • 1929 – John Cassavetes
    John Cassavetes
    John Nicholas Cassavetes was an American actor, screenwriter and filmmaker. He acted in many Hollywood films, notably Rosemary's Baby and The Dirty Dozen...

    , American actor and director (d. 1989)
  • 1929 – Bob Hawke
    Bob Hawke
    Robert James Lee "Bob" Hawke AC GCL was the 23rd Prime Minister of Australia from March 1983 to December 1991 and therefore longest serving Australian Labor Party Prime Minister....

    , 23rd Prime Minister of Australia
    Prime Minister of Australia
    The Prime Minister of the Commonwealth of Australia is the highest minister of the Crown, leader of the Cabinet and Head of Her Majesty's Australian Government, holding office on commission from the Governor-General of Australia. The office of Prime Minister is, in practice, the most powerful...

  • 1930 – Buck Henry
    Buck Henry
    Henry Zuckerman, better known as Buck Henry , is an American actor, writer, film director, and television director.-Early life:...

    , American actor
  • 1931 – William Reynolds
    William Reynolds (actor)
    William Reynolds is a retired American television and film actor. He is best known for television roles in the 1960s and 1970s....

    , American actor
  • 1931 – Ladislav Smoljak
    Ladislav Smoljak
    Ladislav Smoljak was a Czech film and theater director, actor and screenwriter. He was born in Prague.Smoljak tried to study at an art academy but failed the admission process. He went on to study physics and mathematics, and later worked as journalist and scriptwriter...

    , Czech actor
  • 1932 – Edd Wheeler
    Billy Edd Wheeler
    Billy Edward "Edd" Wheeler is an American songwriter, performer, writer and visual artist. He has written songs performed by over 90 different artists including Judy Collins, Jefferson Airplane, Bobby Darin, The Kingston Trio, Johnny Cash, Neil Young, Kenny Rogers, Hazel Dickens, and Elvis Presley...

    , American singer-songwriter
  • 1933 – Ashleigh Brilliant
    Ashleigh Brilliant
    Ashleigh Ellwood Brilliant is an author and syndicated cartoonist living in Santa Barbara, California, USA. He is best known for his Pot-Shots, single-panel illustrations with one-line humorous remarks, which began syndication in the United States of America in 1975...

    , American writer (Pot-Shots)
  • 1933 – Morton Downey Jr., American talk show host (d. 2001)
  • 1933 – Monique Miller
    Monique Miller
    Monique Miller, OC is a French Canadian actress.In 2001, she was made an Officer of the Order of Canada.-External links:* at The Canadian Encyclopedia...

    , French Canadian actress
  • 1933 – Orville Moody
    Orville Moody
    Orville James Moody was an American professional golfer who won numerous tournaments in his career. He won the 1969 U.S. Open, the last champion in the 20th century to win through local and sectional qualifying....

    , American golfer (d. 2008)
  • 1934 – Dame Judi Dench
    Judi Dench
    Dame Judith Olivia "Judi" Dench, CH, DBE, FRSA is an English film, stage and television actress.Dench made her professional debut in 1957 with the Old Vic Company. Over the following few years she played in several of William Shakespeare's plays in such roles as Ophelia in Hamlet, Juliet in Romeo...

    , English actress
  • 1934 – Junior Wells
    Junior Wells
    Junior Wells , born Amos Wells Blakemore Jr., was an American Chicago blues vocalist, harmonica player, and recording artist...

    , American musician (d. 1998)
  • 1937 – Darwin Joston
    Darwin Joston
    Francis Darwin Solomon was an American actor known professionally as Darwin Joston...

    , American actor (d. 1998)
  • 1938 – David Houston
    David Houston (singer)
    Charles David Houston was an American country music singer. His peak in popularity came between the mid-1960s through the early 1970s.-Biography:...

    , American country singer (d. 1993)
  • 1938 – Deacon Jones
    Deacon Jones
    David D. "Deacon" Jones is a former American football defensive end in the National Football League for the Los Angeles Rams, San Diego Chargers, and the Washington Redskins. He was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1980.Jones specialized in quarterback sacks, a term attributed to him...

    , American football player
  • 1940 – Clancy Eccles
    Clancy Eccles
    Clancy Eccles was a Jamaican ska and reggae singer, songwriter, arranger, promoter, record producer and talent scout. Known mostly for his early reggae works, he brought a political dimension to this music...

    , Jamaican Reggae Musician (d. 2005)
  • 1941 – Beau Bridges
    Beau Bridges
    Lloyd Vernet "Beau" Bridges III is an American actor and director.- Early life :Bridges was born in Los Angeles, the son of actor Lloyd Bridges and his college sweetheart, Dorothy Bridges . He was nicknamed "Beau" by his mother and father after Ashley Wilkes's son in Gone with the Wind, the book...

    , American actor
  • 1941 – Dan Hicks
    Dan Hicks (singer)
    Dan Hicks , is an American singer-songwriter working at the intersection of cowboy folk, jazz, country, swing, bluegrass, pop, and gypsy music...

    , American musician
  • 1942 – Billy Bremner
    Billy Bremner
    William John "Billy" Bremner was a Scottish professional footballer, most noted for his captaincy of the Leeds United team of the 1960s and 1970s. He has since been voted Leeds United's greatest player of all time and has a statue outside the South East corner of Elland Road...

    , Scottish footballer (d. 1997)
  • 1942 – Dick Butkus
    Dick Butkus
    Richard Marvin "Dick" Butkus is a former American football player for the Chicago Bears. He was drafted in 1965 and he is also widely regarded as one of the best and most durable linebackers of all time. Butkus starred as a football player for the University of Illinois and the Chicago Bears. He...

    , American football player
  • 1943 – Pit Martin
    Pit Martin
    Hubert Jacques "Pit" Martin was a Canadian professional ice hockey centre who served as captain for the Chicago Black Hawks of the National Hockey League from 1975 to 1977...

    , Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2008)
  • 1944 – Neil Innes
    Neil Innes
    Neil James Innes is an English writer and performer of comic songs, best known for his collaborative work with Monty Python, and for playing in the Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band and later The Rutles.-Personal life:...

    , English singer/songwriter (Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band
    Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band
    The Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band are a band created by a group of British art-school denizens of the 1960s...

    , The Rutles
    The Rutles
    The Rutles are a band that are known for their visual and aural pastiches and parodies of The Beatles. Originally created by Eric Idle and Neil Innes as a fictional band to be featured as part of various 1970s television programming, the group recorded, toured, and released two UK chart hits in...

  • 1944 – Tadashi Irie
    Tadashi Irie
    is a yakuza, the head of the Osaka-based 2nd Takumi-gumi and the grand general manager of the 6th Yamaguchi-gumi. He is regarded as the number-three leader of the 6th Yamaguchi-gumi, the largest known yakuza syndicate....

    , Japanese yakuza
    , also known as , are members of traditional organized crime syndicates in Japan. The Japanese police, and media by request of the police, call them bōryokudan , literally "violence group", while the yakuza call themselves "ninkyō dantai" , "chivalrous organizations". The yakuza are notoriously...

  • 1944 – Ki Longfellow
    Ki Longfellow
    Ki Longfellow is an American novelist, playwright, theatrical producer, theater director and entrepreneur. In Britain, as the widow of Vivian Stanshall, she is well known as the guardian of his artistic heritage, but elsewhere she is best known for her own work, especially the novel The Secret...

    , American novelist
  • 1944 – Bob O'Connor, American politician (d. 2006)
  • 1945 – Matti Mäntylä
    Matti Mäntylä
    Matti Mäntylä is a Finnish actor who has worked predominantly on Finnish television.Mäntylä began acting in 1979 and has made many appearances mostly on TV in Finland since the early 1980s although he had appeared in several films such as the 1983 James Bond spoof Agentti 000 ja kuoleman kurvit...

    , Finnish actor
  • 1945 – Michael Nouri
    Michael Nouri
    Michael Nouri is an American television and film actor. He may be best known for his role as Nick Hurley, in the 1983 film Flashdance. He has had recurring roles in numerous television series, including NCIS as Eli David, the father of Mossad officer Ziva David, The O.C. as Dr...

    , American actor
  • 1946 – Sonia Gandhi
    Sonia Gandhi
    Sonia Gandhi is an Italian-born Indian politician and the President of the Indian National Congress, one of the major political parties of India. She is the widow of former Prime Minister of India, Rajiv Gandhi...

    , Italian-born Indian politician
  • 1946 – Shatrughan Sinha
    Shatrughan Sinha
    Shatrughan Sinha is an Indian film actor and politician. Apart from being member of Rajya Sabha twice he was also Union Cabinet Minister of Health and Family Welfare and Shipping...

    , Indian actor
  • 1947 – Tom Daschle
    Tom Daschle
    Thomas Andrew "Tom" Daschle is a former U.S. Senator from South Dakota and former U.S. Senate Majority Leader. He is a member of the Democratic Party....

    , American politician
  • 1947 – Jaak Jõerüüt
    Jaak Jõerüüt
    Jaak Jõerüüt is an Estonian writer and politician. He was the defense minister of Estonia from November 2004 to 10 October 2005....

    , Soviet-born Estonian politician
  • 1948 – Dennis Dunaway
    Dennis Dunaway
    Dennis Dunaway was the bass guitarist for The Spiders , The Earwigs , Alice Cooper group from 1969–1974.He co-wrote such hits as "I'm Eighteen" and "School's Out"....

    , American musician (Alice Cooper
    Alice Cooper
    Alice Cooper is an American rock singer, songwriter and musician whose career spans more than four decades...

  • 1948 – Marleen Gorris
    Marleen Gorris
    Marleen Gorris is a writer-director from the Netherlands. Gorris is known as an outspoken feminist and supporter of gay and lesbian issues which is reflected in much of her work....

    , Dutch film director
  • 1949 – Tom Kite
    Tom Kite
    Thomas Oliver Kite, Jr. is an American professional golfer and golf course architect. He spent 175 weeks in the top-10 of the Official World Golf Rankings between 1989 and 1994....

    , American golfer
  • 1949 – Nando Parrado
    Nando Parrado
    Fernando "Nando" Seler Parrado Dolgay is one of the sixteen Uruguayan survivors of Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571, which crashed in the Andes mountains on October 13, 1972. After spending two months trapped in the mountains with the other crash survivors, he, along with Roberto Canessa, climbed...

    , Uruguayan plane crash survivor
  • 1950 – Joan Armatrading
    Joan Armatrading
    Joan Anita Barbara Armatrading, MBE is a British singer, songwriter and guitarist. Armatrading is a three-time Grammy Award-nominee and has been nominated twice for BRIT Awards as Best Female Artist...

    , St. Kitts-born English singer-songwriter
  • 1952 – Liaqat Baloch
    Liaqat Baloch
    Liaqat Baloch Bawala is a political leader in Pakistan. He is originally from Muzaffargarh, a remote area of southern Punjab....

    , Pakistani politician
  • 1952 – Michael Dorn
    Michael Dorn
    Michael Dorn is an American actor, and voice artist who is best known for his role as the Klingon Worf from the Star Trek franchise.-Early life and career:...

    , American actor
  • 1953 – World B. Free
    World B. Free
    World B. Free is an American former professional basketball player who played in the NBA from 1975–1988. Free was known as the "Prince of Midair" as well as "All-World".-Early years:...

    , American basketball player
  • 1953 – John Malkovich
    John Malkovich
    John Gavin Malkovich is an American actor, producer, director and fashion designer with his label Technobohemian. Over the last 25 years of his career, Malkovich has appeared in more than 70 motion pictures. For his roles in Places in the Heart and In the Line of Fire, he received Academy Award...

    , American actor
  • 1953 – Cornelis de Bondt
    Cornelis de Bondt
    Cornelis de Bondt is a Dutch composer. Born in The Hague, de Bondt attended the Royal Conservatory there and currently teaches composition and music theory at the same institution.-References:...

    , Dutch composer
  • 1954 – Herman Finkers
    Herman Finkers
    Hermenegildus "Herman" Felix Victor Maria Finkers is a comedian from the Dutch region of Twente, who is well-known in the Netherlands for his friendly, dry-witted humour and his ambiguous style of storytelling. In his way of telling a story the moral should never be in the way of a good joke or pun...

    , Dutch comedian
  • 1955 – Otis Birdsong
    Otis Birdsong
    Otis Lee Birdsong is an American former professional basketball player. He spent twelve seasons in the NBA and appeared in four NBA All-Star Games....

    , American basketball player
  • 1955 – Chamras Saewataporn
    Chamras Saewataporn
    Chamras Saewataporn , is an accomplished Thai musician and composer who first turned professional at the age of 18. He began his musical career working in night clubs and later joined one of the Thai bands of that era, "Grand X" . In 1981, he began composing music and started his own band, "The...

    , Thai composer and musician
  • 1956 – Jean-Pierre Thiollet
    Jean-Pierre Thiollet
    Jean-Pierre Thiollet is a French writer and journalist. He usually lives in Paris and is the author of numerous books.Since 2007, he has been a member of the World Grand Family of Lebanon ....

    , French author
  • 1957 – Donny Osmond
    Donny Osmond
    Donald Clark "Donny" Osmond is an American singer, musician, actor, dancer, radio personality, and former teen idol. Osmond has also been a talk and game show host, record producer and author. In the mid 1960s, he and four of his elder brothers gained fame as the Osmond Brothers on the long...

    , American singer and actor
  • 1957 – Peter O’Mara, Australian jazz guitarist and comopser
  • 1958 – Rikk Agnew
    Rikk Agnew
    Richard Francis Agnew, Jr. , more commonly known as Rikk Agnew, is an American guitarist who has played in some of the most influential bands of the Orange County hardcore punk scene, as well as the influential deathrock band Christian Death.- Biography:With Casey Royer, Agnew played in Social...

    , American guitarist (The Adolescents
    The Adolescents
    The Adolescents are an American punk band formed in 1980 in Fullerton, California. It is a punk supergroup, made up of early members of Agent Orange and Social Distortion. They are often credited as one of the leading bands of the 1980s hardcore punk scene....

  • 1958 – Nick Seymour
    Nick Seymour
    Nick Seymour is a musician, painter, and record producer. He is best known for being the bass guitarist in the Australasian rock group Crowded House and brother to Mark Seymour of another successful group; Hunters and Collectors.- Biography :Born in Benalla, Victoria, Australia, Seymour studied...

    , Australian bassist (Crowded House
    Crowded House
    Crowded House are a rock band, formed in Melbourne, Australia and led by New Zealand singer-songwriter Neil Finn. Finn is the primary songwriter and creative director of the band, having led it through several incarnations, drawing members from New Zealand , Australia and the United States...

  • 1960 – Terry Moran
    Terry Moran
    Terry Moran is the co-anchor of Nightline.-Biography:Moran was born in Chicago, Illinois. He graduated from Lawrence University in 1982.-Professional career:-Career as Correspondent:...

    , American TV reporter
  • 1960 – Stefen Fangmeier
    Stefen Fangmeier
    Stefen Markus Fangmeier has been a visual effects supervisor of numerous major feature films, including Lemony Snicket's A Series of Unfortunate Events, Saving Private Ryan, Terminator 2: Judgment Day, Twister, Perfect Storm and Master and Commander...

    , American film director
  • 1960 – Dobroslav Paraga
    Dobroslav Paraga
    Dobroslav Paraga is a Croatian right-wing politician.-Background:In his early days Dobroslav Paraga used to advocate secession of Croatia from Yugoslavia and that led him to be persecuted by the Communist authorities. Paraga used that persecution as an argument against Yugoslavia and its low human...

    ,Croatian politician and editor
  • 1960 – Juan Samuel
    Juan Samuel
    Juan Milton Samuel is a retired second baseman who spent sixteen seasons in Major League Baseball with the Philadelphia Phillies , New York Mets , Los Angeles Dodgers , Kansas City Royals , Cincinnati Reds , Detroit Tigers and Toronto Blue Jays...

    , Dominican baseball player
  • 1961 – David Anthony Higgins
    David Anthony Higgins
    David Anthony Higgins is an American comedic actor, best known for playing the roles of Craig Feldspar from Malcolm in the Middle and Mr. Bitters from Big Time Rush....

    , American actor
  • 1961 – Joe Lando
    Joe Lando
    Joseph John Lando is an American actor, most recognizable for playing Byron Sully on the TV series Dr...

    , American actor
  • 1962 – Felicity Huffman
    Felicity Huffman
    Felicity Kendall Huffman is an American film, stage, and television actress. She is known for her role as executive producer Dana Whitaker on the ABC television show Sports Night , which earned her a Golden Globe Award nomination, and as hectic supermom Lynette Scavo on the ABC show Desperate...

    , American actress
  • 1963 – Dave Hilton, Jr.
    Dave Hilton, Jr.
    Dave Hilton, Jr. is a former boxing world champion. He is a member of the Fighting Hilton Family and is the former brother-in-law of Arturo Gatti...

    , Canadian boxer
  • 1963 – Masako, Crown Princess of Japan
    Masako, Crown Princess of Japan
    is the wife of Crown Prince Naruhito, the first son of the Emperor Akihito and the Empress Michiko, and a member of the Imperial House of Japan through marriage.-Early life and education:...

  • 1964 – Hape Kerkeling
    Hape Kerkeling
    Hans Peter Wilhelm "Hape" Kerkeling is a well-known German actor, presenter and comedian.-Career:At secondary school in Recklinghausen, Hape Kerkeling and some fellow students formed a band and published a record .Kerkeling started his career as a comedian in radio, working for various German...

    , German actor, TV presenter and comedian
  • 1964 – Johannes B. Kerner
    Johannes B. Kerner
    Johannes Baptist Kerner is a German TV personality best known as a sportscaster.Kerner was raised in Hersel, Germany in a Catholic household...

    , German TV presenter
  • 1964 – Paul Landers
    Paul Landers
    Paul H. Landers is a German musician, notable as rhythm guitarist for the Neue Deutsche Härte band Rammstein.-Early life:...

    , German guitarist (Rammstein
    Rammstein is a German Neue Deutsche Härte band from Berlin, formed in 1994. The band consists of members Till Lindemann , Richard Z. Kruspe , Paul H. Landers , Oliver "Ollie" Riedel , Christoph "Doom" Schneider and Christian "Flake" Lorenz...

  • 1965 – Joe Ausanio
    Joe Ausanio
    Joseph John Ausanio is a former Major League baseball relief pitcher who appeared in 41 games for the New York Yankees in and ....

    , American baseball player
  • 1965 – Vecepia Towery
    Vecepia Towery
    Vecepia Towery Robinson won $1,000,000 on the Marquesas edition of Survivor. She is the first African American contestant to win Survivor's top prize.-Survivor: Marquesas:...

    , American Survivor contestant, Winner of Survivor: Marquesas
    Survivor: Marquesas
    Survivor: Marquesas is the fourth season of the United States reality show Survivor. Hosted by Jeff Probst, it aired from February 28 - May 19, 2002 on CBS. Thirteen episodes aired, plus a mid-season recap and live interview with Rosie O'Donnell...

  • 1966 – Michael Foster
    Michael Foster (musician)
    Michael Foster is the drummer of rock band FireHouse.-Biography:Michael Foster was born in Richmond, Virginia to James Earnest and Patricia Valenti Foster. He has a younger brother called Daniel Sean. Since he was a kid, his parents gave him pots and pans to beat on. Later on, he would receive a...

    , drummer for rock band FireHouse
  • 1966 – Kirsten Gillibrand
    Kirsten Gillibrand
    Kirsten Elizabeth Rutnik Gillibrand is an attorney and the junior United States Senator from the state of New York and a member of the Democratic Party...

    , American politician
  • 1966 – Montserrat Gil Torné, Andorran politician
  • 1966 – Dave Harold
    Dave Harold
    David 'Dave' Harold is an English professional snooker player from Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, England. He is known by the nicknames of "the Hard Man" and "the Stoke Potter"...

    , English professional snooker player
  • 1966 – Toby Huss
    Toby Huss
    Toby Edward Huss is an American actor. He is best known for portraying Artie, the Strongest Man in the World on the cult hit Nickelodeon TV series The Adventures of Pete & Pete, for his voice-over work on the long running animated series King of the Hill, and for his role as Felix 'Stumpy'...

    , American actor
  • 1966 – Dana Murzyn
    Dana Murzyn
    Dana Trevor Murzyn is a retired Canadian professional ice hockey defenceman. Drafted out of the Western Hockey League , he was selected fifth overall by the Hartford Whalers in the 1985 NHL Entry Draft. He began his NHL career in 1985–86 with the Whalers and was named to the NHL All-Rookie Team...

    , Canadian hockey player
  • 1966 – Spencer Rochfort
    Spencer Rochfort
    Spencer D'Oyly Rochfort is a Canadian American television and film actor.-Career:Born in Fort Worth, Texas, Rochfort was raised in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, and is a dual citizen of both countries...

    , Canadian-American actor
  • 1966 – Julio Alberto Rodas Hurtarte
    Julio Rodas
    Julio Alberto Rodas Hurtarte is a retired Guatemalan professional football striker.-Club career:At the club level, Rodas started his professional career playing for Municipal. He then had a one-season stint in El Salvador with C.D. FAS and later returned to Guatemala to play for Comunicaciones...

    , former soccer player
  • 1966 – Mateo Romero, Native American painter
  • 1966 – Gideon Sa'ar
    Gideon Sa'ar
    Gideon Sa'ar is an Israeli politician who currently serves as a member of the Knesset for Likud, and as the country's Minister of Education.-Biography:...

    , Israeli politician
  • 1966 – Kadyrbek Sarbayev
    Kadyrbek Sarbayev
    Kadyrbek Sarbayev was the foreign minister of Kyrgyzstan from 2009 to 2010. He was appointed by President Kirmanbek Bakiyev and took office on January 26, 2009, after Medet Sadyrkulov had refused the position. Sarbayev was previously Kyrgyzstan's envoy to China. He lost the position in April 2010...

    , foreign minister
  • 1966 – Shane Scott
    Shane Scott
    Shane Scott Shane Scott Shane Scott (born December 9, 1966, American director, writer, producer, cinematographer, editor and musician best known for making profitable, independent films with low budgets...

    , American director, writer, producer, cinematographer, editor, musician
  • 1966 – Martin Taylor
    Martin Taylor (footballer born 1966)
    Martin Taylor is a goalkeeping coach at Derby County and former footballer. He was a goalkeeper.-Career:A one-time apprentice coal miner, Taylor was signed from Mile Oak Rovers as understudy to Peter Shilton...

    , footballer coach
  • 1966 – Natee Thongsookkaew, Thailand footballer
  • 1967 – Jason Dozzell
    Jason Dozzell
    Jason Irvin Winans Dozzell is an English former professional association footballer who made more than 500 Football League appearances for Ipswich Town, Tottenham Hotspur, Northampton Town and Colchester United...

    , English footballer
  • 1967 – Joshua Bell
    Joshua Bell
    Joshua David Bell is an American Grammy Award-winning violinist.-Childhood:Bell was born in Bloomington, Indiana, United States, the son of a psychologist and a therapist. Bell's father is the late Alan P...

    , American violinist
  • 1967 – Gheorghe Popescu
    Gheorghe Popescu
    Gheorghe Gică Popescu is a former Romanian footballer who played as a defender, and was a key part of the Romania national team in the 1990s. He played for a string of European clubs in an illustrious career that saw him amass many honours...

    , Romanian footballer
  • 1968 – Kurt Angle
    Kurt Angle
    Kurt Steven Angle is an American professional wrestler, amateur wrestler, and 1996 Olympic gold medalist. He is currently under contract with Total Nonstop Action Wrestling, where he is recognized as a 15-time World Heavyweight Champion...

    , American wrestler
  • 1968 – Brian Bell
    Brian Bell (musician)
    Brian Bell is an American guitarist and songwriter. Active since 1989, he is best known as the rhythm guitarist and backing vocalist for the American alternative rock band Weezer. Bell joined Weezer in 1993 following the departure of founding member Jason Cropper...

    , American guitarist (Weezer
    Weezer is an American alternative rock band. The band currently consists of Rivers Cuomo , Patrick Wilson , Brian Bell , and Scott Shriner . The band has changed lineups three times since its formation in 1992...

  • 1968 – Brent Price
    Brent Price
    Hartley Brent Price, better known as Brent Price , is a retired American professional basketball player in the NBA. He is the younger brother of former Cleveland Cavaliers point guard Mark Price.- Career :...

    , American basketball player
  • 1969 – Jakob Dylan
    Jakob Dylan
    Jakob Luke Dylan is the lead singer and songwriter of the rock band The Wallflowers and is a son of singer-songwriter Bob Dylan and Sara Dylan. He has also recorded two solo albums.-Personal life:...

    , American singer (The Wallflowers
    The Wallflowers
    The Wallflowers is a rock band from Los Angeles, California, fronted by Jakob Dylan. Formed in 1989 and originally known as The Apples, the ensemble has gone through numerous personnel changes with Dylan the only constant....

  • 1969 – Bixente Lizarazu
    Bixente Lizarazu
    Bixente Lizarazu is a former football left defender who played most notably for Girondins de Bordeaux and Bayern Munich, as well as the French national team.-Football career:...

    , French footballer
  • 1969 – Allison Smith, American actress
  • 1969 – Sebastian Spence
    Sebastian Spence
    Sebastian Spence is an actor who played the lead role as Cade Foster in the TV series First Wave.Spence is the son of the late playwright Michael Cook and playwright and actress Janis Spence...

    , Canadian actor
  • 1970 – Kara DioGuardi
    Kara DioGuardi
    Kara Elizabeth DioGuardi is an American singer-songwriter, record producer, music publisher, A&R executive, composer and TV personality. She writes music primarily in the light pop-rock, dance, and R&B genres. DioGuardi has worked with many popular artists; her songs have appeared on more than 159...

    , American songwriter, record producer, and singer
  • 1970 – Lance Krall
    Lance Krall
    Lance Krall is a Vietnamese-American comedian and actor, television writer, director, and producer. He became well known after his portrayal as "Kip" in the role in faux-reality show The Joe Schmo Show...

    , American comedian
  • 1971 – Petr Nedvěd
    Petr Nedved
    Petr Nedvěd is a Czech Canadian professional ice hockey player who spent 15 seasons in the National Hockey League. He currently plays centre for HC Bílí Tygři Liberec of the Czech Extraliga.- Biography :...

    , Czech ice hockey player
  • 1971 – Geoff Barrow
    Geoff Barrow
    Geoffrey Paul Barrow is the producer, disc jockey, and instrumentalist for Portishead.Portishead—formed in 1991—was named after the small town near Bristol where Barrow grew up...

    , English musician (Portishead)
  • 1972 – Reiko Aylesworth
    Reiko Aylesworth
    Reiko M. Aylesworth is an American film, television and stage actress, best known for her role on the television series 24 as Michelle Dessler.-Life and career:...

    , American actress
  • 1972 – Tre Cool
    Tre Cool
    Frank Edwin Wright III, a.k.a. Tré Cool, is an American drummer, best known as the drummer for the punk rock band Green Day. He replaced the group's former drummer John Kiffmeyer in 1990...

    , German-born American drummer (Green Day
    Green Day
    Green Day is an American punk rock band formed in 1987. The band consists of lead vocalist and guitarist Billie Joe Armstrong, bassist and backing vocalist Mike Dirnt, and drummer Tre Cool...

  • 1972 – Fabrice Santoro
    Fabrice Santoro
    Fabrice Vetea Santoro is a retired French professional male tennis player from Tahiti. Though not counted among the top ranked players, he had an unusually long professional career – with many of his accomplishments coming toward the end of his career – and he is popular among spectators and other...

    , Tahitian-born French tennis player
  • 1973 – Fabio Artico
    Fabio Artico
    Fabio Artico is an Italian footballer who plays for Alessandria at Lega Pro Prima Divisione. Artico spent most of his career at Lega Pro but also played more than 90 matches at Serie B....

    , Italian footballer
  • 1974 – Aloísio
    Aloísio da Silva Filho
    Aloísio full name Aloísio da Silva Filho , is a Brazilian footballer who plays for Potiguar de Mossoró.He spent most of his career with Campeonato Brasileiro Série B and Série C teams...

    , Brazilian footballer
  • 1974 – Canibus
    Germaine Williams , better known by his stage name Canibus, is a Jamaican-born American rapper. He is a part of supergroup The HRSMN. Canibus rose to fame in the mid-nineties...

    , American rapper
  • 1974 – Wendy Dillinger
    Wendy Dillinger
    Wendy Dillinger is an NCAA soccer coach and former professional soccer player. Dillinger currently coaches the women's side at Iowa State University.-Youth:Born in St...

    , American footballer and coach
  • 1974 – Rahat Fateh Ali Khan,Pakistani singer
  • 1976 – Chris Booker, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Saskia Garel
    Saskia Garel
    Saskia Garel is a Jamaican actress. Born in Kingston, Jamaica, Garel later immigrated to Toronto, Canada, where she earned a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree from York University. She is known for her role as Danielle on One on One and was also one half of the two time Juno Award-winning Canadian...

    , Canadian actress
  • 1977 – Shayne Graham
    Shayne Graham
    Michael Shayne Graham is an American football placekicker. He was signed by the New Orleans Saints as an undrafted free agent in 2000, and most recently played with the New England Patriots...

    , American football player
  • 1977 – Imogen Heap
    Imogen Heap
    Imogen Jennifer Jane Heap is a Grammy Award-winning English singer, composer and songwriter from Havering, Essex. She is known for her work as part of the musical duo Frou Frou and her solo albums, which she writes, produces, and mixes...

    , English singer-songwriter
  • 1978 – Gaston Gaudio
    Gastón Gaudio
    Gastón Norberto Gaudio is a former tennis player from Argentina. His career-high ATP ranking was World No. 5 in 2005...

    , Argentine tennis player
  • 1978 – Jesse Metcalfe
    Jesse Metcalfe
    Jesse Eden Metcalfe is an American actor, best known for his role on Desperate Housewives as John Rowland. He is also notable for his portrayal of Miguel Lopez-Fitzgerald on the soap opera Passions and his starring role as the title character in the movie John Tucker Must Die.-Early life:Metcalfe...

    , American actor
  • 1979 – Chen Hao, Chinese actress
  • 1979 – Olivia Lufkin, Japanese singer
  • 1979 – Stephen McPhail
    Stephen McPhail
    Stephen John Paul McPhail is an Irish footballer who plays for Cardiff City. He has won 10 caps for his country, the Republic of Ireland, and scored one goal...

    , Irish footballer
  • 1980 – Ryder Hesjedal
    Ryder Hesjedal
    Ryder Hesjedal is a Canadian professional racing cyclist for . He is a former mountain biker, winning a silver medal at the 2001 Under-23 world championship...

    , Canadian cyclist
  • 1980 – Simon Helberg
    Simon Helberg
    Simon Maxwell Helberg is an American actor and comedian. He is best known for his role as Howard Wolowitz in the sitcom The Big Bang Theory. In its fourth season, he also appeared on the sketch comedy series MADtv for five episodes...

    , American actor
  • 1981 – Mardy Fish
    Mardy Fish
    Mardy Simpson Fish is an American professional tennis player, and Olympic silver medalist. He is a hardcourt specialist...

    , American tennis player
  • 1981 – Dia Mirza
    Dia Mirza
    Dia Mirza Handrich nicknamed Dee and more popularly known as Dia Mirza, is a Indian model and actress who appears in Bollywood films...

    , Indian actress
  • 1982 – Tamilla Abassova
    Tamilla Abassova
    Tamilla Rashidovna Abassova is a Russian racing cyclist who won the silver medal in the women's sprint event at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens and the silver medal at the 2005 UCI Track Cycling World Championships in the same event.-External links:* *...

    , Russian cyclist
  • 1982 – Nathalie De Vos
    Nathalie De Vos
    Nathalie De Vos is a Belgian long-distance runner who specializes in the 5000 and 10,000 metres.At the 2006 European Championships she finished eleventh in the 5000 m and tenth in the 10,000 m. Then, in the 10,000 metres, she finished eleventh at the 2007 World Championships and...

    , Belgian athlete
  • 1982 – Ryan Grant
    Ryan Grant
    Ryan Brett Grant is a running back for the Green Bay Packers of the National Football League . He was originally signed by the New York Giants as an undrafted free agent in 2005 but was traded to the Packers shortly before the 2007 season in exchange for a future sixth-round draft pick...

    , American football player
  • 1983 – Jermaine Beckford
    Jermaine Beckford
    Jermaine Paul Alexander Beckford is an English footballer who plays for Leicester City as a striker. He started his career as a trainee at Chelsea...

    , English footballer
  • 1983 – Dariusz Dudka
    Dariusz Dudka
    Dariusz Dudka is a Polish footballer who currently plays for AJ Auxerre and the Polish national football team as a defensive midfielder or full-back. He can also play as a centre back.-Career:...

    , Polish footballer
  • 1984 – Leon Hall
    Leon Hall
    Leon Lastarza Hall is an American football defensive back who plays for the Cincinnati Bengals. He played college football at the University of Michigan. Hall was drafted by the Bengals with the 18th pick in the 2007 NFL Draft...

    , American football player
  • 1987 – Mat Latos
    Mat Latos
    Mathew Adam "Mat" Latos is a Major League Baseball pitcher for the San Diego Padres.-High school and college:...

    , American baseball player
  • 1989 – Lindsey Evans
    Lindsey Evans
    Lindsey Gayle Evans is an American model and beauty queen who was selected as the Playboy Playmate of the Month for October 2009...

    , American glamor model
  • 1990 – LaFee
    Christina Klein , better known by her stage name LaFee, is a German singer/songwriter who has sold more than one million records worldwide. She is most famous in mainland Europe, particularly in German-speaking countries....

    , German singer
  • 1991 – Prince Joachim of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este
  • 1991 – Choi Minho
    Choi Minho
    Minho , is a South Korean idol singer, rapper, dancer, actor, model and host. He is most famously known as a member of the contemporary R&B and Pop quintet boy band, SHINee, under SM Entertainment.-Biography:Minho was born on December 9, 1991 in Incheon, South Korea...

     South Korean rap artist (SHINee
    Shinee is a contemporary R&B South Korean boy band. Formed by SM Entertainment in 2008, they made their debut on May 25, 2008 on SBS's Inkigayo with their promotional single, "Noona Neomu Yeppeo "...

    ) and TV host
  • 2001 – Ronnie Paris
    Ronnie Paris
    Ronnie Antonio Paris was a three-year-old boy who lived with his parents in Tampa, Florida. He died on January 28, 2005, due to brain injuries stemming from severe abuse at the hands of his father, who thought the child would turn out to be gay, and forced the boy to box with him in an effort to...

    , American child abuse victim (d. 2005)


  • 748
    Year 748 was a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 748 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.- Asia :* January – An earthquake strikes the Middle...

     – Nasr ibn Sayyar
    Nasr ibn Sayyar
    Nasr ibn Sayyar was an Arab general and the last Umayyad governor of Khurasan in 738–748. An experienced commander in the wars against the Turgesh, as governor he introduced tax reforms in his province and stabilized Umayyad control beyond the Oxus...

    , last Ummayad governor of Khurasan (b. 663)
  • 1165 – King Malcolm IV of Scotland
    Malcolm IV of Scotland
    Malcolm IV , nicknamed Virgo, "the Maiden" , King of Scots, was the eldest son of Earl Henry and Ada de Warenne...

     (b. 1141)
  • 1437 – Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor
    Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor
    Sigismund of Luxemburg KG was King of Hungary, of Croatia from 1387 to 1437, of Bohemia from 1419, and Holy Roman Emperor for four years from 1433 until 1437, the last Emperor of the House of Luxemburg. He was also King of Italy from 1431, and of Germany from 1411...

     (b. 1368)
  • 1544 – Teofilo Folengo
    Teofilo Folengo
    Teofilo Folengo , who wrote under the pseudonym of Merlino Coccajo or Merlinus Coccaius, was one of the principal Italian macaronic poets.-Biography:...

    , Italian poet (b. 1491)
  • 1565 – Pope Pius IV
    Pope Pius IV
    Pope Pius IV , born Giovanni Angelo Medici, was Pope from 1559 to 1565. He is notable for presiding over the culmination of the Council of Trent.-Biography:...

     (b. 1499)
  • 1603 – William Watson
    William Watson (priest)
    William Watson , English Roman Catholic priest and conspirator, executed for treason.-Life:In 1586 he became a Roman Catholic priest in France, and during the concluding years of Elizabeth's reign he paid several visits to England; he was imprisoned and tortured more than once...

    , English conspirator (b. 1559)
  • 1625 – Ubbo Emmius
    Ubbo Emmius
    Ubbo Emmius was a German historian and geographer.-Early life:Ubbo Emmius was born on 5 December 1557 in Greetsiel, East Frisia, Germany. From the ages of 9 to 18 Emmius studied in a Latin school, before having to leave on the death of his father, a Lutheran preacher...

    , Dutch historian and geographer (b. 1547)
  • 1636 – Fabian Birkowski
    Fabian Birkowski
    Fabian Birkowski was a Polish writer and preacher.Fabian was educated at the Kraków Academy in 1585 where he later 1587 lectured on Latin and Greek literature and taught philosophy. In 1596 he entered the Dominican order. He became known as an excellent orator...

    , Polish writer (b. 1566)
  • 1640 – Pierre Fourier, Roman Catholic saint and French priest (b. 1565)
  • 1641 – Anthony van Dyck
    Anthony van Dyck
    Sir Anthony van Dyck was a Flemish Baroque artist who became the leading court painter in England. He is most famous for his portraits of Charles I of England and his family and court, painted with a relaxed elegance that was to be the dominant influence on English portrait-painting for the next...

    , Flemish painter (b. 1599)
  • 1669 – Pope Clement IX
    Pope Clement IX
    Pope Clement IX , born Giulio Rospigliosi, was Pope from 1667 to 1669.-Early life:Born Giulio Rospigliosi to a noble family of Pistoia, Grand Duchy of Tuscany, he was a pupil of the Jesuits. After receiving his doctorate in philosophy at the University of Pisa, he taught theology there...

     (b. 1600)
  • 1674 – Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon
    Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon
    Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon was an English historian and statesman, and grandfather of two English monarchs, Mary II and Queen Anne.-Early life:...

    , English statesman and historian (b. 1609)
  • 1706 – King Peter II of Portugal (b. 1648)
  • 1718 – Vincenzo Coronelli
    Vincenzo Coronelli
    Vincenzo Coronelli was a Franciscan monk, a Venetian cosmographer, cartographer, publisher, and encyclopedist known in particular for his atlases and globes, and who spent most of his life in Venice.-Biography:...

    , Italian cartographer and encyclopaedist (b. 1650)
  • 1793 – Gabrielle de Polastron, comtesse de Polignac, French aristocrat (b. 1749)
  • 1798 – Johann Reinhold Forster
    Johann Reinhold Forster
    Johann Reinhold Forster was a German Lutheran pastor and naturalist of partial Scottish descent who made contributions to the early ornithology of Europe and North America...

    , German botanist (b. 1729)
  • 1830 – Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher
    Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher
    Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher , was a Danish surgeon, botanist and professor of anatomy at the University of Copenhagen...

    , Danish surgeon (b. 1757)
  • 1854 – Almeida Garrett
    Almeida Garrett
    João Baptista da Silva Leitão de Almeida Garrett, Viscount of Almeida Garrett was a Portuguese poet, playwright, novelist and politician. He is considered to be the introducer of the Romanticism in Portugal, with the epic poem Camões, based on the life of Luís de Camões...

    , Portuguese writer (b. 1799)
  • 1858 – Robert Baldwin
    Robert Baldwin
    Robert Baldwin was born at York . He, along with his political partner Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine, led the first responsible ministry in Canada, regarded by some as the first truly Canadian government....

    , Canadian politician (b. 1804)
  • 1887 – Mahmadu Lamine
    Mahmadu Lamine
    al-Hajj Mahmadu Lamine was a nineteenth-century Senegalese marabout who led an unsuccessful rebellion against the French colonial government....

    , Senegalese marabout and military leader
  • 1906 – Ferdinand Brunetière
    Ferdinand Brunetière
    Ferdinand Brunetière was a French writer and critic.-Early years:Brunetière was born in Toulon, Var, Provence. After school at Marseille, he studied in Paris at the Lycée Louis-le-Grand. Desiring a teaching career, he entered for examination at the École Normale Supérieure, but failed, and the...

    , French writer and critic (b. 1849)
  • 1916 – Natsume Sōseki
    Natsume Soseki
    , born ', is widely considered to be the foremost Japanese novelist of the Meiji period . He is best known for his novels Kokoro, Botchan, I Am a Cat and his unfinished work Light and Darkness. He was also a scholar of British literature and composer of haiku, Chinese-style poetry, and fairy tales...

    , Japanese novelist (b. 1867)
  • 1924 – Bernard Zweers
    Bernard Zweers
    Bernard Zweers was a Dutch composer and music teacher.-Life:Bernard Zweers was born in 1854 as the son of an Amsterdam book- and music shopkeeper...

    , Dutch composer and music teacher (b. 1854)
  • 1930 – Rube Foster, American baseball player (b. 1879)
  • 1932 – Rokeya Sakhawat Hussain
    Rokeya Sakhawat Hussain
    Roquia Sakhawat Hussain, Bangla: , was a prolific writer and a social worker in undivided Bengal in the early 20th century. She is most famous for her efforts on behalf of gender equality and other social issues. She established the first school aimed primarily at Muslim girls, which still exists...

    , Bangladeshi writer and social worker (b. 1880)
  • 1935 – Walter Liggett
    Walter Liggett
    Walter W. Liggett , was an American journalist.Liggett was a crusading newspaper editor in the Minnesota of the 1930s...

    , American newspaper editor (b. 1886)
  • 1937 – Nils Gustaf Dalén, Swedish physicist, Nobel laureate
    Nobel Prize in Physics
    The Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded once a year by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. It is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Alfred Nobel in 1895 and awarded since 1901; the others are the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Nobel Prize in Literature, Nobel Peace Prize, and...

     (b. 1869)
  • 1941 – Dmitry Merezhkovsky
    Dmitry Merezhkovsky
    Dmitry Sergeyevich Merezhkovsky, , 1865, St Petersburg – December 9, 1941, Paris) was a Russian novelist, poet, religious thinker, and literary critic. A seminal figure of the Silver Age of Russian Poetry, regarded as a co-founder of the Symbolist movement, Merezhkovsky – with his poet wife Zinaida...

    , Russian writer and philosopher (b. 1865)
  • 1943 – Georges Dufrénoy
    Georges Dufrénoy
    Georges Dufrénoy was a French post-Impressionist painter associated with Fauvism.-Biography:He was born in Thiais, France. His family lived at 2 Place des Vosges in Paris in a historic 17th century building in which he lived all his life...

    , French post-impressionnist painter (b. 1870)
  • 1952 – Abe Manley
    Abe Manley
    Abraham L. "Abe" Manley was an American sports executive and husband of the first woman inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, Effa Manley...

    , American baseball team owner (b. 1885)
  • 1955 – Hermann Weyl
    Hermann Weyl
    Hermann Klaus Hugo Weyl was a German mathematician and theoretical physicist. Although much of his working life was spent in Zürich, Switzerland and then Princeton, he is associated with the University of Göttingen tradition of mathematics, represented by David Hilbert and Hermann Minkowski.His...

    , German mathematician (b. 1885)
  • 1964 – Dame Edith Sitwell
    Edith Sitwell
    Dame Edith Louisa Sitwell DBE was a British poet and critic.-Background:Edith Sitwell was born in Scarborough, North Yorkshire, the oldest child and only daughter of Sir George Sitwell, 4th Baronet, of Renishaw Hall; he was an expert on genealogy and landscaping...

    , English poet and critic (b. 1887)
  • 1965 – Branch Rickey
    Branch Rickey
    Wesley Branch Rickey was an innovative Major League Baseball executive elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1967...

    , American baseball executive (b. 1884)
  • 1967 – Charles Léon Hammes
    Charles Léon Hammes
    Charles Léon Hammes was a Luxembourgian lawyer, judge and the third President of the European Court of Justice.Hammes was born in 1898 in Falk, Luxembourg...

    , Luxembourgian lawyer (b. 1898)
  • 1970 – Artem Mikoyan, Soviet aircraft designer (b. 1905)
  • 1970 – Sir Feroz Khan Noon
    Feroz Khan Noon
    Malik Sir Feroz Khan Noon, KCSI, KCIE, Kt was a politician from Pakistan.-Early life:Born on 18th of June 1893 at village Hamoka,tehsil Khushab, Punjab. He was educated at Aitchison College, Lahore....

    , Pakistani politician (b. 1893)
  • 1971 – Ralph Bunche
    Ralph Bunche
    Ralph Johnson Bunche or 1904December 9, 1971) was an American political scientist and diplomat who received the 1950 Nobel Peace Prize for his late 1940s mediation in Palestine. He was the first person of color to be so honored in the history of the Prize...

    , American diplomat, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
    Nobel Peace Prize
    The Nobel Peace Prize is one of the five Nobel Prizes bequeathed by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel.-Background:According to Nobel's will, the Peace Prize shall be awarded to the person who...

     (b. 1904)
  • 1971 – Sergey Konenkov
    Sergey Konenkov
    Sergey Timofeyevich Konenkov was a famous Russian and Soviet sculptor. He was often called "the Russian Rodin".-Early life:...

    , Russian sculptor (b. 1874)
  • 1972 – Louella Parsons
    Louella Parsons
    Louella Parsons was the first American news-writer movie columnist in the United States. She was a gossip columnist who, for many years, was an influential arbiter of Hollywood mores, often feared and hated by the individuals, mostly actors, whose careers she could negatively impact via her...

    , American gossip columnist (b. 1881)
  • 1975 – William A. Wellman
    William A. Wellman
    William Augustus Wellman was an American film director. Although Wellman began his film career as an actor, he worked on over 80 films, as director, producer and consultant but most often as a director, notable for his work in crime, adventure and action genre films, often focusing on aviation...

    , American movie director (b. 1896)
  • 1979 – Fulton J. Sheen
    Fulton J. Sheen
    Servant of God Fulton John Sheen, born Peter John Sheen was an American archbishop of the Catholic Church known for his preaching and especially his work on television and radio...

    , American archbishop and television preacher (b. 1895)
  • 1981 – Daniel Faulkner
    Daniel Faulkner
    Daniel J. Faulkner was a police officer in the American city of Philadelphia who was shot and killed in the line of duty. Mumia Abu-Jamal was convicted of first-degree murder for the shooting and sentenced to death...

    , American police officer (b. 1955)
  • 1982 – Leon Jaworski
    Leon Jaworski
    Leonidas "Leon" Jaworski was the second Special Prosecutor during the Watergate Scandal...

    , American Watergate scandal
    Watergate scandal
    The Watergate scandal was a political scandal during the 1970s in the United States resulting from the break-in of the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C., and the Nixon administration's attempted cover-up of its involvement...

     special prosecutor (b. 1905)
  • 1984 – Razzle, English drummer (Hanoi Rocks
    Hanoi Rocks
    Hanoi Rocks was a Finnish rock band formed in 1979, whose most successful period came in the early 1980s. The band broke up in 1985 after the death of their drummer, Nicholas "Razzle" Dingley...

    ) (b. 1960)
  • 1992 – Vincent Gardenia
    Vincent Gardenia
    Vincent Gardenia was an Italian American stage, film, and television actor.-Early life:...

    , American actor (b. 1922)
  • 1993 – Danny Blanchflower
    Danny Blanchflower
    Robert Dennis "Danny" Blanchflower was a former Northern Ireland international footballer and football manager, and journalist who captained Tottenham Hotspur F.C. during its double-winning season of 1961. He was ranked as the greatest player in Spurs history by The Times in 2009...

    , Northern Irish footballer and manager (b. 1926)
  • 1994 – Garnett Silk, Jamaican reggae singer (b. 1966)
  • 1995 – Toni Cade Bambara
    Toni Cade Bambara
    Toni Cade Bambara, born Miltona Mirkin Cade was an African-American author, documentary film-maker, social activist and college professor.- Biography :...

    , American author (b. 1939)
  • 1995 – Douglas Corrigan
    Douglas Corrigan
    Douglas Corrigan was an American aviator born in Galveston, Texas. He was nicknamed "Wrong Way" in 1938. After a transcontinental flight from Long Beach, California, to New York, he flew from Floyd Bennett Field in Brooklyn, New York, to Ireland, though his flight plan was filed to return to Long...

    , American aviator (b. 1907)
  • 1996 – Patty Donahue
    Patty Donahue
    Patricia J. "Patty" Donahue was the American lead singer of the 1980s new wave group The Waitresses.-Career:...

    , American singer (The Waitresses
    The Waitresses
    The Waitresses were an experimental new wave band from Akron, Ohio. The group was led by guitarist/songwriter Chris Butler with lead vocals performed by Patty Donahue.-Career:...

    ) (b. 1956)
  • 1996 – Mary Leakey
    Mary Leakey
    Mary Leakey was a British archaeologist and anthropologist, who discovered the first skull of a fossil ape on Rusinga Island and also a noted robust Australopithecine called Zinjanthropus at Olduvai. For much of her career she worked together with her husband, Louis Leakey, in Olduvai Gorge,...

    , English archaeologist and anthropologist (b. 1913)
  • 1996 – Alain Poher
    Alain Poher
    Alain Émile Louis Marie Poher was a French centrist politician, affiliated first with the Popular Republican Movement and later with the Democratic Centre. He served as a Senator for Val-de-Marne from 1946 to 1995. He was President of the Senate from 3 October 1968 to 1 October 1992 and, in that...

    , French politician (b. 1909)
  • 1996 – Diana Morgan
    Diana Morgan (screenwriter)
    Mary Diana Morgan was a Welsh playwright and screenwriter, mostly associated with her work for Ealing Studios as Diana Morgan. She was married to fellow screenwriter Robert MacDermot.-Career:Mary Diana Morgan was born in Cardiff, Wales on 29 May, 1908...

    , British playwright and screenwriter (b. 1908)
  • 1998 – Shaughnessy Cohen
    Shaughnessy Cohen
    Elizabeth Shaughnessy Cohen was a Canadian politician who represented the riding of Windsor—St. Clair for the Liberal Party of Canada from 1993 until her death in 1998....

    , Canadian politician (b. 1948)
  • 1998 – Archie Moore
    Archie Moore
    Archie Moore, born Archibald Lee Wright , was light heavyweight world boxing champion who had one of the longest professional careers in the history of that sport....

    , American boxer (b. 1913)
  • 2001 – Michael Carver, British soldier (b. 1915)
  • 2002 – Mary Hansen
    Mary Hansen
    Mary Hansen was a guitarist and singer with Stereolab.Born in Maryborough north of Brisbane in Queensland, Australia, Hansen moved to London in the late 1980s and became a backing singer with the Essex-based indie band, The Wolfhounds.She met Stereolab founder Tim Gane when the Wolfhounds played...

    , Australian guitarist and singer (Stereolab
    Stereolab are an alternative music band formed in 1990 in London, England. The band originally comprised songwriting team Tim Gane and Lætitia Sadier , both of whom remained at the helm across many lineup changes...

    ) (b. 1966)
  • 2002 – Ian Hornak
    Ian Hornak
    Ian Hornak was an American draughtsman, painter and printmaker associated with the Hyperrealist and Photorealist art movements.-Biography:...

    , American painter and sculptor (b. 1944)
  • 2002 – Stan Rice
    Stan Rice
    Stan Rice was an American poet and artist. He was the husband of author Anne Rice.-Biography:Stan Rice was born in Dallas, Texas 1942. He met his future wife in a high school journalism class in Richardson, Texas, and they married in Denton, Texas on October 14, 1961...

    , American painter and poet (b. 1942)
  • 2003 – Paul Simon
    Paul Simon (politician)
    Paul Martin Simon was an American politician from Illinois. He served in the United States House of Representatives from 1975 to 1985 and United States Senate from 1985 to 1997. He was a member of the Democratic Party...

    , American politician (b. 1928)
  • 2003 – Norm Sloan
    Norm Sloan
    Norman Sloan , nicknamed "Stormin' Norman," was an American college basketball player and coach. Sloan played college basketball for North Carolina State University, and thereafter, he was the men's basketball head coach for Presbyterian College, The Citadel, the University of Florida and North...

    , American basketball coach (b. 1926)
  • 2004 – David Brudnoy
    David Brudnoy
    David Brudnoy was an American talk radio host in Boston from 1976 to 2004. His radio talk show aired on WBZ radio. He was known for espousing his libertarian views on a wide range of political issues, in a manner that was courteous. Thanks to WBZ's wide signal reach, he gained a following from...

    , American radio personality (b. 1940)
  • 2004 – Lea De Mae
    Lea De Mae
    Andrea Absolonová , better known by the pseudonym Lea De Mae, was a Czech adult model, pornographic actress and a member of the Czech high diving national team.-Biography:...

    , Czech actress (b. 1976)
  • 2005 – György Sándor
    György Sándor
    György Sándor was a Hungarian pianist, writer, student and friend of Béla Bartók, and champion of his music.- Early years :...

    , Hungarian pianist (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – Robert Sheckley
    Robert Sheckley
    Robert Sheckley was a Hugo- and Nebula-nominated American author. First published in the science fiction magazines of the 1950s, his numerous quick-witted stories and novels were famously unpredictable, absurdist and broadly comical.Sheckley was named Author Emeritus by the Science Fiction and...

    , American author (b. 1928)
  • 2006 – Koula Agagiotou
    Koula Agagiotou
    Koula Agagiotou was a Greek actress. She is probably best known for her role in the Greek sitcom To Retire.-Biography:...

    , Greek actress (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Thore Skogman
    Thore Skogman
    Thore Skogman was a Swedish entertainer.Skogman was born in Hallstahammar, Sweden. He made his debut recording in 1955 and came third in Sweden's national song contest Melodifestivalen in 1963. In the 1960s he wrote "Fröken Fräken" that became one of his most successful hits...

    , Swedish entertainer (b. 1931)
  • 2007 – Gordon Zahn, American sociologist and pacifist (b. 1918)
  • 2008 – Ibrahim Dossey
    Ibrahim Dossey
    Ibrahim Dossey was a Ghanaian football goalkeeper.-Career:Dossey was born in Accra, Ghana...

    , Ghanaian footballer (b. 1972)
  • 2008 – Yuri Glazkov
    Yuri Glazkov
    Yury Nikolayevich Glazkov was a Soviet Air Force officer and a cosmonaut. Glazkov held the rank of major general in the Russian Air Force....

    , Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1939)
  • 2009 – Gene Barry
    Gene Barry
    Gene Barry was an American stage, screen, and television actor. Barry is best remembered for his leading roles in the films The Atomic City and The War of The Worlds and for his portrayal of the title character in the TV series Bat Masterson, among many roles.-Personal life:Barry was born...

    , American actor (b. 1919)
  • 2010 – Dov Shilansky
    Dov Shilansky
    Dov Shilansky was an Israeli politician and Speaker of the Knesset from 1988 to 1992.-Biography:Dov Shilansky was born in Šiauliai, Lithuania. He survived the Holocaust and joined the Irgun, operating in Rome and Germany. He made aliyah in 1948, arriving in Israel on the Altalena, and served as a...

    , Israeli politician (b. 1924)
  • 2010 – James Moody
    James Moody (saxophonist)
    James Moody was an American jazz saxophone and flute player. He was best known for his hit "Moody's Mood for Love," an improvisation based on "I'm in the Mood for Love"; in performance, he often improvised vocals for the tune.-Biography:James Moody was born in Savannah, Georgia...

    , American jazz musician (b. 1925)
  • 2010 – John du Pont
    John Eleuthère du Pont
    John Eleuthère duPont was an American multimillionaire and member of the prominent du Pont family who was convicted of murder in the third degree...

    , American member of the Du Pont family
    Du Pont family
    The Du Pont family is an American family descended from Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours . The son of a Paris watchmaker and a member of a Burgundian noble family, he and his sons, Victor Marie du Pont and Eleuthère Irénée du Pont, emigrated to the United States in 1800 and used the resources of...

     and convicted murderer (b. 1938)

Holidays and observances

  • Anna's Day, a Swedish name day
    Name days in Sweden
    This is the old Swedish name day calendar, sanctioned by the Swedish Academy in 1901, with official status until 1972. Some days still refer to traditional or religious feasts rather than personal names. Some of the names below are linked to the original saints or martyrs from which they originate...

    , celebrating all people named Anna and marks the day to start the preparation process of the lutefisk
    Lutefisk or Lutfisk is a traditional dish of the Nordic countries and parts of the Midwest United States. It is made from aged stockfish or dried/salted whitefish and lye . It is gelatinous in texture, and has an extremely strong, pungent odor...

     to be consumed on Christmas Eve
    Christmas Eve
    Christmas Eve refers to the evening or entire day preceding Christmas Day, a widely celebrated festival commemorating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth that takes place on December 25...

    . (Sweden
    Sweden , officially the Kingdom of Sweden , is a Nordic country on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. Sweden borders with Norway and Finland and is connected to Denmark by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund....

     and Finland
    Finland , officially the Republic of Finland, is a Nordic country situated in the Fennoscandian region of Northern Europe. It is bordered by Sweden in the west, Norway in the north and Russia in the east, while Estonia lies to its south across the Gulf of Finland.Around 5.4 million people reside...

  • Christian Feast Day
    • Juan Diego
    • Leocadia
      Saint Leocadia is a Spanish saint. She is thought to have died on December 9, ca. 304, in the Diocletian persecution.The feast day for St. Leocadia of Toledo appears under 9 December in the historical martyrologies of the ninth century. Her name is not mentioned by Prudentius in his hymn on the...

    • Nectarius of Auvergne
      Nectarius of Auvergne
      Saint Nectarius of Auvergne is venerated as a 4th century martyr and Christian missionary....

    • Peter Fourier
      Peter Fourier
      Saint Peter Fourier, C.R.S.A., was a French canon regular who is honored as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church, who had served as a pastor in Mattaincourt , and who also helped to found a religious congregation of canonesses dedicated to the care of poor children...

  • Day of Remembrance for Egil Skallagrimsson (Asatru
    is a form of Germanic neopaganism which developed in the United States from the 1970s....

  • Feast of the Conception of the Most Holy Theotokos by St. Anne (Orthodox Church)
  • Independence Day
    Independence Day
    An Independence Day is an annual event commemorating the anniversary of a nation's assumption of independent statehood, usually after ceasing to be a colony or part of another nation or state, and more rarely after the end of a military occupation...

    , celebrate the independence of Tanganyika
    Tanganyika , later formally the Republic of Tanganyika, was a sovereign state in East Africa from 1961 to 1964. It was situated between the Indian Ocean and the African Great Lakes of Lake Victoria, Lake Malawi and Lake Tanganyika...

     from Britain
    United Kingdom
    The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

     in 1961. (Tanzania
    The United Republic of Tanzania is a country in East Africa bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north, Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west, and Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to the south. The country's eastern borders lie on the Indian Ocean.Tanzania is a state...

  • International Anti-Corruption Day
    International anti-corruption day
    International Anti-Corruption Day has been observed annually, on the 9th December, since the passage of the United Nations Convention Against Corruption on 31 October 2003.-Background:The Convention states, in part, that the UN is:...

    International observance
    International observance denotes a period of time to observe some issue of international interest or concern. This is used to commemorate, promote and mobilize for action. Many of these periods have been established by the United Nations General Assembly, Economic and Social Council or by UNESCO...

  • National Heroes Day, formerly V.C. Bird Day. (Antigua and Barbuda
    Antigua and Barbuda
    Antigua and Barbuda is a twin-island nation lying between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. It consists of two major inhabited islands, Antigua and Barbuda, and a number of smaller islands...

  • Yuri's Day in the Autumn
    Yuri's Day
    Yuri's Day is the Russian name for either of the two feasts of Saint George celebrated by the Russian Orthodox Church.Along with various other Christian churches, the Russian Orthodox Church celebrates the feast of St George on April 23 , which falls on May 6 of the Western Calendar...

     (Russian Orthodox Church
    Russian Orthodox Church
    The Russian Orthodox Church or, alternatively, the Moscow Patriarchate The ROC is often said to be the largest of the Eastern Orthodox churches in the world; including all the autocephalous churches under its umbrella, its adherents number over 150 million worldwide—about half of the 300 million...


External links

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