located in East Asia
. Originally based in mainland China
, the Republic of China currently governs the island of Taiwan
(Formosa), which forms over 99% of its current territory, as well as Penghu, Kinmen
and other minor islands. Neighboring states include the People's Republic of China (PRC)
to the west, Japan
to the east and northeast, and the Philippines
to the south.
1644 The Qing Dynasty Manchu forces led by the Shunzhi Emperor capture Beijing during the collapse of the Ming Dynasty. The Manchus would rule China until 1912 when the Republic of China is established.
1911 The Wuchang Uprising leads to the demise of Qing Dynasty, the last Imperial court in China, and the founding of the Republic of China.
1911 Sun Yat-sen becomes the provisional President of the Republic of China; he formally takes office on January 1, 1912.
1912 The Republic of China is established.
1912 The Republic of China adopts the Gregorian calendar.
1914 The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union.
1915 Japan issues the "Twenty-One Demands" to the Republic of China in a bid to increase its power in East Asia.
1915 President of the Republic of China, Yuan Shikai announces his intention to reinstate the monarchy and proclaim himself Emperor of China.
1916 The last Emperor of China, Yuan Shikai, abdicates the throne and the Republic of China is restored.
1922 A typhoon hits Shantou, Republic of China killing more than 50,000 people.