List of additives in cigarettes
This is the list of 599 additives in cigarettes submitted to the United States Department of Health and Human Services
United States Department of Health and Human Services
The United States Department of Health and Human Services is a Cabinet department of the United States government with the goal of protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services. Its motto is "Improving the health, safety, and well-being of America"...

 in April 1994. It applies, as documented, only to American manufactured cigarettes intended for distribution within the United States by the listed companies. The five major tobacco companies that reported the information were:
  • American Tobacco Company
    American Tobacco Company
    The American Tobacco Company was a tobacco company founded in 1890 by J. B. Duke through a merger between a number of U.S. tobacco manufacturers including Allen and Ginter and Goodwin & Company...

  • Brown and Williamson
  • Liggett Group, Inc.
  • Philip Morris Inc.
    Altria Group
    Altria Group, Inc. is based in Henrico County, Virginia, and is the parent company of Philip Morris USA, John Middleton, Inc., U.S. Smokeless Tobacco Company, Inc., Philip Morris Capital Corporation, and Chateau Ste. Michelle Wine Estates. It is one of the world's largest tobacco corporations...

  • R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
    R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
    The R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company , based in Winston-Salem, North Carolina and founded by R. J. Reynolds in 1875, is the second-largest tobacco company in the U.S. . RJR is an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of Reynolds American Inc...

One significant issue is that while all these chemical compound
Chemical compound
A chemical compound is a pure chemical substance consisting of two or more different chemical elements that can be separated into simpler substances by chemical reactions. Chemical compounds have a unique and defined chemical structure; they consist of a fixed ratio of atoms that are held together...

s have been approved as additives to food
Food additive
Food additives are substances added to food to preserve flavor or enhance its taste and appearance.Some additives have been used for centuries; for example, preserving food by pickling , salting, as with bacon, preserving sweets or using sulfur dioxide as in some wines...

, they were not tested by burning
Combustion or burning is the sequence of exothermic chemical reactions between a fuel and an oxidant accompanied by the production of heat and conversion of chemical species. The release of heat can result in the production of light in the form of either glowing or a flame...

. Burning changes the properties of chemicals. More than 4,000 chemical compounds are created by burning a cigarette
A cigarette is a small roll of finely cut tobacco leaves wrapped in a cylinder of thin paper for smoking. The cigarette is ignited at one end and allowed to smoulder; its smoke is inhaled from the other end, which is held in or to the mouth and in some cases a cigarette holder may be used as well...



  • Acetanisole
    Acetanisole is an aromatic chemical compound with an aroma described as butter, caramel, fruity, nutty, sweet, and vanilla. It is used as a cigarette additive, a fragrance,, and a flavoring in food....

  • Acetic acid
    Acetic acid
    Acetic acid is an organic compound with the chemical formula CH3CO2H . It is a colourless liquid that when undiluted is also called glacial acetic acid. Acetic acid is the main component of vinegar , and has a distinctive sour taste and pungent smell...

  • Acetoin
  • Acetophenone
    Acetophenone is the organic compound with the formula C6H5CCH3. It is the simplest aromatic ketone. This colourless, viscous liquid is a precursor to useful resins and fragrances.-Production:Acetophenone can be obtained by a variety of methods...

  • 6-Acetoxydihydrotheaspirane
  • 2-Acetyl-3-Ethylpyrazine
  • 2-Acetyl-5-Methylfuran
  • Acetylpyrazine
  • 2-Acetylpyridine
  • 3-Acetylpyridine
  • 2-Acetylthiazole
  • Aconitic Acid
    Aconitic acid
    Aconitic acid is an organic acid. The two isomers are cis-aconitic acid and trans-aconitic acid. The conjugate base of cis-aconitic acid, cis-aconitate is an intermediate in the isomerization of citrate to isocitrate in the citric acid cycle...

  • dl-Alanine
  • Alfalfa
    Alfalfa is a flowering plant in the pea family Fabaceae cultivated as an important forage crop in the US, Canada, Argentina, France, Australia, the Middle East, South Africa, and many other countries. It is known as lucerne in the UK, France, Australia, South Africa and New Zealand, and known as...

  • Allspice
    Allspice, also called Jamaica pepper, pepper, myrtle pepper, pimenta, or newspice, is a spice that is the dried unripe fruit of Pimenta dioica , a mid-canopy tree native to the Greater Antilles, southern Mexico, and Central America, now cultivated in many warm parts of the world...

     Extract, Oleoresin, and Oil
  • Allyl Hexanoate
    Allyl hexanoate
    Allyl hexanoate is a colorless to pale yellow clear liquid.-Uses:Allyl hexanoate is employed principally in the formulation of pineapple flavors but it can also be used for peach and apricot essences and for apple blossom, peach blossom, and wisteria perfume compositions. Allyl caproate is an...

  • Allyl Ionone
  • Almond Bitter Oil
  • Ambergris Tincture
  • Ammonia
    Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula . It is a colourless gas with a characteristic pungent odour. Ammonia contributes significantly to the nutritional needs of terrestrial organisms by serving as a precursor to food and fertilizers. Ammonia, either directly or...

  • Ammonium Bicarbonate
    Ammonium bicarbonate
    Ammonium bicarbonate, a compound with formulaNH4, also called bicarbonate of ammonia, ammonium hydrogen carbonate, hartshorn, AmBic or powdered baking ammonia, is the bicarbonate salt of ammonia....

  • Ammonium Hydroxide
    Ammonium hydroxide
    Ammonia solution, also known as ammonium hydroxide, ammonia water, ammonical liquor, ammonia liquor, aqua ammonia, aqueous ammonia, or simply ammonia, is a solution of ammonia in water. It can be denoted by the symbols NH3...

  • Diammonium phosphate
    Diammonium phosphate
    Diammonium phosphate is one of a series of water-soluble ammonium phosphate salts which can be produced when ammonia reacts with phosphoric acid...

  • Ammonium sulfide
    Ammonium sulfide
    Ammonium hydrosulfide is the chemical compound with the formula SH. It is the salt derived from the ammonium cation and the hydrosulfide anion. The salt exists as colourless, water soluble, micaceous crystals. The compound is encountered mainly as a solution, not as the solid...

  • Amyl Alcohol
    Amyl alcohol
    An amyl alcohol is any of 8 alcohols with the formula C5H11OH. A mixture of amyl alcohols can be obtained from fusel alcohol. Amyl alcohol is used as a solvent and in esterfication for example in the production of amyl acetate...

  • Amyl Butyrate
  • Amyl Formate
  • Amyl Octanoate
  • alpha-Amylcinnamaldehyde
  • Amyris
    Amyris is a genus of flowering plants in the citrus family, Rutaceae. The generic name is derived from the Greek word αμυρων , which means "intensely scented" and refers to the strong odor of the resin...

  • trans-Anethole
  • Angelica
    Angelica is a genus of about 60 species of tall biennial and perennial herbs in the family Apiaceae, native to temperate and subarctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere, reaching as far North as Iceland and Lapland...

     Root Extract, Oil and Seed Oil
  • Anise
    Anise , Pimpinella anisum, also called aniseed, is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae native to the eastern Mediterranean region and Southwest Asia. Its flavor resembles that of liquorice, fennel, and tarragon.- Biology :...

  • Anise Star, Extract and Oils
  • Anisyl Acetate
  • Anisyl Alcohol
  • Anisyl Formate
  • Anisyl Phenylacetate
  • Apple
    The apple is the pomaceous fruit of the apple tree, species Malus domestica in the rose family . It is one of the most widely cultivated tree fruits, and the most widely known of the many members of genus Malus that are used by humans. Apple grow on small, deciduous trees that blossom in the spring...

     Juice Concentrate, Extract, and Skins
  • Apricot
    The apricot, Prunus armeniaca, is a species of Prunus, classified with the plum in the subgenus Prunus. The native range is somewhat uncertain due to its extensive prehistoric cultivation.- Description :...

     Extract and Juice Concentrate
  • L-Arginine
  • Asafetida Fluid Extract And Oil
  • Ascorbic Acid
    Ascorbic acid
    Ascorbic acid is a naturally occurring organic compound with antioxidant properties. It is a white solid, but impure samples can appear yellowish. It dissolves well in water to give mildly acidic solutions. Ascorbic acid is one form of vitamin C. The name is derived from a- and scorbutus , the...

  • L-Asparagine Monohydrate
  • L-Aspartic Acid


  • Balsam Peru and Oil
  • Basil Oil
  • Bay leaf
    Bay leaf
    Bay leaf refers to the aromatic leaf of the bay laurel . Fresh or dried bay leaves are used in cooking for their distinctive flavor and fragrance. The leaves are often used to flavor soups, stews, braises and pâtés in Mediterranean cuisine...

    , Oil and Sweet Oil
  • Beeswax White
  • Beet Juice Concentrate
  • Benzaldehyde
    Benzaldehyde is an organic compound consisting of a benzene ring with a formyl substituent. It is the simplest aromatic aldehyde and one of the most industrially useful. This colorless liquid has a characteristic pleasant almond-like odor...

  • Benzaldehyde Glyceryl Acetal
  • Benzoic acid
    Benzoic acid
    Benzoic acid , C7H6O2 , is a colorless crystalline solid and the simplest aromatic carboxylic acid. The name derived from gum benzoin, which was for a long time the only source for benzoic acid. Its salts are used as a food preservative and benzoic acid is an important precursor for the synthesis...

    , Benzoin
    Benzoin is an organic compound with the formula PhCHCPh. It is a hydroxy ketone attached to two phenyl groups. It appears as off-white crystals, with a light camphor-like odor. Benzoin is synthesized from benzaldehyde in the benzoin condensation...

  • Benzoin Resin
    Benzoin resin
    Benzoin resin or styrax resin is a balsamic resin obtained from the bark of several species of trees in the genus Styrax. It is used in perfumes, some kinds of incense, as a flavoring, and medicine . Its principal component is benzoic acid...

  • Benzophenone
    Benzophenone is the organic compound with the formula 2CO, generally abbreviated Ph2CO. Benzophenone is a widely used building block in organic chemistry, being the parent diarylketone.-Uses:...

  • Benzyl Alcohol
    Benzyl alcohol
    Benzyl alcohol is an organic compound with the formula C6H5CH2OH. The benzyl group is often abbreviated "Bn", thus benzyl alcohol is denoted as BnOH. Benzyl alcohol is a colorless liquid with a mild pleasant aromatic odor. It is a useful solvent due to its polarity, low toxicity, and low vapor...

  • Benzyl Benzoate
    Benzyl benzoate
    Benzyl benzoate is the ester of benzyl alcohol and benzoic acid, with the formula C6H5CH2O2CC6H5. This easily prepared compound has a variety of uses.-Synthesis:This colorless liquid is formally the condensation product of benzoic acid and benzyl alcohol...

  • Benzyl Butyrate
  • Benzyl Cinnamate
  • Benzyl Propionate
  • Benzyl salicylate
    Benzyl salicylate
    Benzyl salicylate is a salicylic acid benzyl ester, a chemical compound most frequently used in cosmetics. It appears as an almost colorless liquid and is rather faint or odorless in nature....

  • Bergamot Oil
  • Bisabolene
    Bisabolenes are a group of closely related natural chemical compounds which are classified as sesquiterpenes. Bisabolenes are present in the essential oils of a wide variety of plants including cubeb, lemon and oregano...

  • Black Currant Buds Absolute
  • Borneol
    Borneol is a bicyclic organic compound and a terpene. The hydroxyl group in this compound is placed in an endo position.Borneol is easily oxidized to the ketone yielding camphor. One historical name for borneol is Borneo camphor which explains the name. Borneol can be synthesized by reduction of...

  • Bornyl Acetate
  • Buchu Leaf Oil
  • 1,3-Butanediol
    1,3-Butanediol is an organic chemical, an alcohol. It is commonly used as a solvent for food flavouring agents and is a co-monomer used in certain polyurethane and polyester resins. It is one of four stable isomers of butanediol. In biology, 1,3-butanediol is used as a hypoglycaemic agent....

  • 2,3-Butanedione
  • 1-Butanol
  • 2-Butanone
  • 4(2-Butenylidene)-3,5,5-Trimethyl-2-Cyclohexen-1-One
  • Butter
    Butter is a dairy product made by churning fresh or fermented cream or milk. It is generally used as a spread and a condiment, as well as in cooking applications, such as baking, sauce making, and pan frying...

    , Butter Esters, and Butter Oil
  • Butyl acetate
    Butyl acetate
    n-Butyl acetate, also known as butyl ethanoate, is an organic compound commonly used as a solvent in the production of lacquers and other products. It is also used as a synthetic fruit flavoring in foods such as candy, ice cream, cheeses, and baked goods. Butyl acetate is found in many types of...

  • Butyl butyrate
    Butyl butyrate
    Butyl butyrate, or butyl butanoate, is an organic compound that is an ester formed by the condensation of butyric acid and n-butanol. It is a clear, colorless liquid that is insoluble in water, but miscible with ethanol and diethyl ether. Its refractive index is 1.406 at 20 °C.-Aroma:Like other...

  • Butyl butyryl lactate
  • Butyl isovalerate
  • Butyl phenylacetate
  • Butyl ndecylenate
  • 3-Butylidenephthalide
  • Butyric Acid
    Butyric acid
    Butyric acid , also known under the systematic name butanoic acid, is a carboxylic acid with the structural formula CH3CH2CH2-COOH. Salts and esters of butyric acid are known as butyrates or butanoates...


  • Cadinene
    Cadinene is the trivial chemical name of a number of isomeric hydrocarbons that occur in a wide variety of essential oil-producing plants. The name is derived from that of the Cade juniper , the wood of which yields an oil from which cadinene isomers were first isolated.Chemically, the cadinenes...

  • Caffeine
    Caffeine is a bitter, white crystalline xanthine alkaloid that acts as a stimulant drug. Caffeine is found in varying quantities in the seeds, leaves, and fruit of some plants, where it acts as a natural pesticide that paralyzes and kills certain insects feeding on the plants...

  • Calcium Carbonate
    Calcium carbonate
    Calcium carbonate is a chemical compound with the formula CaCO3. It is a common substance found in rocks in all parts of the world, and is the main component of shells of marine organisms, snails, coal balls, pearls, and eggshells. Calcium carbonate is the active ingredient in agricultural lime,...

  • Camphene
    Camphene is bicyclic monoterpene. It is nearly insoluble in water, but very soluble in common organic solvents. It volatilizes readily at room temperature and has a pungent smell. It is a minor constituent of many essential oils such as turpentine, cypress oil, camphor oil, citronella oil,...

  • Cananga Oil
  • Capsicum Oleoresin
  • Caramel color
  • Caraway Oil
  • Carbon Dioxide
    Carbon dioxide
    Carbon dioxide is a naturally occurring chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms covalently bonded to a single carbon atom...

  • Cardamom
    Cardamom refers to several plants of the genera Elettaria and Amomum in the ginger family Zingiberaceae. Both genera are native to India and Bhutan; they are recognised by their small seed pod, triangular in cross-section and spindle-shaped, with a thin papery outer shell and small black seeds...

     Oleoresin, Extract, Seed Oil, and Powder
  • Carob Bean and Extract
  • beta-Carotene
    β-Carotene is a strongly-coloured red-orange pigment abundant in plants and fruits. It is an organic compound and chemically is classified as a hydrocarbon and specifically as a terpenoid , reflecting its derivation from isoprene units...

  • Carrot Oil
  • Carvacrol
    Carvacrol, or cymophenol, C6H3CH3, is a monoterpenoid phenol. It has a characteristic pungent, warm odor of oregano and a pizza-like taste.- Natural occurrence :...

  • 4-Carvomenthenol
  • L-Carvone
  • beta-Caryophyllene
  • beta-Caryophyllene Oxide
  • Cascarilla Oil and Bark Extract
  • Cassia Bark Oil
  • Cassie Absolute and Oil
  • Castoreum
    Castoreum is the exudate from the castor sacs of the mature North American Beaver Castor canadensis and the European Beaver Castor fiber. Within the zoological realm, castoreum is the yellowish secretion of the castor sac in combination with the beaver's urine, used during scent marking of territory...

     Extract, Tincture and Absolute
  • Cedar Leaf
    Thuja occidentalis
    Thuja occidentalis is an evergreen coniferous tree, in the cypress family Cupressaceae, which is widely cultivated for use as an ornamental plant known as American Arbor Vitae. The endemic occurrence of this species is a northeastern distribution in North America...

  • Cedarwood Oil
    Cedar oil
    Cedar oil, also known as cedarwood oil, is an essential oil derived from the foliage, and sometimes the wood and roots, of various types of conifers, most in the pine or cypress botanical families...

     Terpenes and Virginiana
  • Cedrol
  • Celery Seed Extract, Solid, Oil, And Oleoresin
  • Cellulose
    Cellulose is an organic compound with the formula , a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to over ten thousand β linked D-glucose units....

  • Chamomile
    Chamomile or camomile is a common name for several daisy-like plants of the family Asteraceae. These plants are best known for their ability to be made into an infusion which is commonly used to help with sleep and is often served with either honey or lemon. Because chamomile can cause uterine...

     Flower Oil And Extract
  • Chicory
    Common chicory, Cichorium intybus, is a somewhat woody, perennial herbaceous plant usually with bright blue flowers, rarely white or pink. Various varieties are cultivated for salad leaves, chicons , or for roots , which are baked, ground, and used as a coffee substitute and additive. It is also...

  • Chocolate
    Chocolate is a raw or processed food produced from the seed of the tropical Theobroma cacao tree. Cacao has been cultivated for at least three millennia in Mexico, Central and South America. Its earliest documented use is around 1100 BC...

  • Cinnamaldehyde
    Cinnamaldehyde is the organic compound that gives cinnamon its flavor and odor. This pale yellow viscous liquid occurs naturally in the bark of cinnamon trees and other species of the genus Cinnamomum...

  • Cinnamic Acid
    Cinnamic acid
    Cinnamic acid is a white crystalline organic acid, which is slightly soluble in water.It is obtained from oil of cinnamon, or from balsams such as storax. It is also found in shea butter and is the best indication of its environmental history and post-extraction conditions...

  • Cinnamon
    Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several trees from the genus Cinnamomum that is used in both sweet and savoury foods...

     Leaf Oil, Bark Oil, and Extract
  • Cinnamyl
    Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several trees from the genus Cinnamomum that is used in both sweet and savoury foods...

    An acetate is a derivative of acetic acid. This term includes salts and esters, as well as the anion found in solution. Most of the approximately 5 billion kilograms of acetic acid produced annually in industry are used in the production of acetates, which usually take the form of polymers. In...

  • Cinnamyl Alcohol
    Cinnamyl alcohol
    Cinnamyl alcohol is an organic compound that is found in esterified form in storax, balsam Peru and cinnamon leaves. It forms a white crystalline solid when pure, or a yellow oil when even slightly impure. It can be produced by the hydrolysis of storax....

  • Cinnamyl Cinnamate
  • Cinnamyl Isovalerate
  • Cinnamyl Propionate
  • Citral
    Citral, or 3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadienal or lemonal, is either of, or a mixture of, a pair of terpenoids with the molecular formula C10H16O. The two compounds are double bond isomers. The E-isomer is known as geranial or citral A...

  • Citric Acid
    Citric acid
    Citric acid is a weak organic acid. It is a natural preservative/conservative and is also used to add an acidic, or sour, taste to foods and soft drinks...

  • Citronella Oil
    Citronella oil
    Citronella oil is one of the essential oils obtained from the leaves and stems of different species of Cymbopogon. The oil is used extensively as a source of perfumery chemicals such as citronellal, citronellol and geraniol...

  • dl-Citronellol
  • Citronellyl Butyrate
  • Citronellyl Isobutyrate
  • Civet Absolute
  • Clary Oil
  • Clover
    Clover , or trefoil, is a genus of about 300 species of plants in the leguminous pea family Fabaceae. The genus has a cosmopolitan distribution; the highest diversity is found in the temperate Northern Hemisphere, but many species also occur in South America and Africa, including at high altitudes...

     Tops, Red Solid Extract
  • Cocoa
    Cocoa solids
    Cocoa solids are the low-fat component of chocolate. When sold as an end product, it may also be called cocoa powder, cocoa, and cacao....

  • Cocoa Shells, Extract, Distillate And Powder
  • Coconut Oil
    Coconut oil
    Coconut oil is an edible oil extracted from the kernel or meat of matured coconuts harvested from the coconut palm . Throughout the tropical world, it has provided the primary source of fat in the diets of millions of people for generations. It has various applications in food, medicine, and industry...

  • Coffee
    Coffee is a brewed beverage with a dark,init brooo acidic flavor prepared from the roasted seeds of the coffee plant, colloquially called coffee beans. The beans are found in coffee cherries, which grow on trees cultivated in over 70 countries, primarily in equatorial Latin America, Southeast Asia,...

  • Cognac White and Green Oil
  • Copaiba Oil
  • Coriander
    Coriander is an annual herb in the family Apiaceae. Coriander is native to southern Europe and North Africa to southwestern Asia. It is a soft, hairless plant growing to tall. The leaves are variable in shape, broadly lobed at the base of the plant, and slender and feathery higher on the...

     Extract and Oil
  • Corn Oil
    Corn oil
    Corn oil is oil extracted from the germ of corn . Its main use is in cooking, where its high smoke point makes refined corn oil a valuable frying oil. It is also a key ingredient in some margarines. Corn oil is generally less expensive than most other types of vegetable oils. One bushel of corn...

  • Corn Silk
  • Costus Root Oil
  • Cubeb Oil
  • Cuminaldehyde
    Cuminaldehyde, or 4-isopropylbenzaldehyde, is a natural organic compound with the molecular formula C10H12O. It is a benzaldehyde with an isopropyl group substituted in the 4-position....

  • para-Cymene
  • L-Cysteine


  • Dandelion Root Solid Extract
  • Davana Oil
  • 2-trans,4-trans-Decadienal
  • delta-Decalactone
  • gamma-Decalactone
  • Decanal
    Decanal is an organic compound with the chemical formula C9H19CHO. It is the simplest ten-carbon aldehyde. Decanal occurs naturally and is used in fragrances and flavoring. Decanal occurs in nature and is an important component in citrus along with octanal, citral, and sinensal...

  • Decanoic acid
    Decanoic acid
    Decanoic acid, or capric acid, is a saturated fatty acid.Its formula is CH38COOH. Salts and esters of decanoic acid are called decanoates...

  • 1-Decanol
    1-Decanol is a straight chain fatty alcohol with ten carbon atoms and the molecular formula C10H21OH. It is a colorless viscous liquid that is insoluble in water and has a strong odor.-Uses:...

  • 2-Decenal
  • Dehydromenthofurolactone
  • Diethyl Malonate
    Diethyl malonate
    Diethyl malonate, also known as DEM, is the diethyl ester of malonic acid. It occurs naturally in grapes and strawberries as a colourless liquid with an apple-like odour, and is used in perfumes...

  • Diethyl Sebacate
  • 2,3-Diethylpyrazine
  • Dihydro Anethole
  • 5,7-Dihydro-2-Methylthieno(3,4-D) Pyrimidine
  • Dill
    Dill is a perennial herb. It is the sole species of the genus Anethum, though classified by some botanists in a related genus as Peucedanum graveolens C.B.Clarke.-Growth:...

     Seed Oil and Extract
  • meta-Dimethoxybenzene
  • para-Dimethoxybenzene
  • 2,6-Dimethoxyphenol
  • Dimethyl Succinate
  • 3,4-Dimethyl-1,2-Cyclopentanedione
  • 3,5-Dimethyl-1,2-Cyclopentanedione
  • 3,7-Dimethyl-1,3,6-Octatriene
  • 4,5-Dimethyl-3-Hydroxy-2,5-Dihydrofuran-2-One
  • 6,10-Dimethyl-5,9-Undecadien-2-One
  • 3,7-Dimethyl-6-Octenoic Acid
  • 2,4 Dimethylacetophenone
  • alpha,para-Dimethylbenzyl Alcohol
  • alpha,alpha-Dimethylphenethyl Acetate
  • alpha,alpha Dimethylphenethyl Butyrate
  • 2,3-Dimethylpyrazine
  • 2,5-Dimethylpyrazine
  • 2,6-Dimethylpyrazine
  • Dimethyltetrahydrobenzofuranone
  • delta-Dodecalactone
  • gamma-Dodecalactone


  • para-Ethoxybenzaldehyde
  • Ethyl 10-Undecenoate
  • Ethyl 2-Methylbutyrate
  • Ethyl acetate
    Ethyl acetate
    Ethyl acetate is the organic compound with the formula CH3COOCH2CH3. This colorless liquid has a characteristic sweet smell and is used in glues, nail polish removers, and cigarettes...

  • Ethyl acetoacetate
    Ethyl acetoacetate
    The organic compound ethyl acetoacetate is the ethyl ester of acetoacetic acid. It is mainly used as a chemical intermediate in the production of a wide variety of compounds, such as amino acids, analgesics, antibiotics, antimalarial agents, antipyrine and aminopyrine, and vitamin B1; as well as...

  • Ethyl alcohol
  • Ethyl benzoate
    Ethyl benzoate
    Ethyl benzoate, C9H10O2, is the ester formed by the condensation of benzoic acid and ethanol. It is a colorless liquid that is almost insoluble in water, but miscible with most organic solvents....

  • Ethyl butyrate
    Ethyl butyrate
    Ethyl butyrate, also known as ethyl butanoate, or butyric ether, is an ester with the chemical formula CH3CH2CH2COOCH2CH3. It is soluble in propylene glycol, paraffin oil, and kerosene. It has a fruity odor, similar to pineapple.-Uses:...

  • Ethyl cinnamate
    Ethyl cinnamate
    Ethyl cinnamate is the ester of cinnamic acid and ethanol. It is present in the essential oil of cinnamon. Pure ethyl cinnamate has a "fruity and balsamic odor, reminiscent of cinnamon with an amber note"....

  • Ethyl decanoate
  • Ethyl fenchol
  • Ethyl furoate
  • Ethyl heptanoate
    Ethyl heptanoate
    Ethyl heptanoate is the ester resulting from the condensation of heptanoic acid and ethanol. It is used in the flavor industry because of its odor that is similar to grape....

  • Ethyl hexanoate
  • Ethyl isovalerate
  • Ethyl lactate
    Ethyl lactate
    Ethyl lactate, also known as lactic acid ethyl ester, is a monobasic ester formed from lactic acid and ethanol, commonly used as a solvent. This compound is considered biodegradable and can be used as a water-rinsible degreaser. Ethyl lactate is found naturally in small quantities in a wide variety...

  • Ethyl laurate
  • Ethyl levulinate
  • Ethyl maltol
    Ethyl maltol
    Ethyl maltol is an organic compound that is common flavourant in some confectioneries. It is related to the more common flavorant maltol by replacement of the methyl group by an ethyl group...

  • Ethyl methyl phenylglycidate
  • Ethyl myristate
  • Ethyl nonanoate
  • Ethyl octadecanoate
  • Ethyl octanoate
  • Ethyl oleate
    Ethyl oleate
    Ethyl oleate is the ester formed by the condensation of the fatty acid oleic acid and ethanol. It is a colorless to light yellow liquid. Ethyl oleate is produced by the body during ethanol intoxication....

  • Ethyl palmitate
  • Ethyl phenylacetate
  • Ethyl propionate
    Ethyl propionate
    Ethyl propionate is a compound with formula C2H5. It is the ethyl ester of propionic acid. It smells fruity....

  • Ethyl salicylate
    Ethyl salicylate
    Ethyl salicylate is the ester formed by the condensation of salicylic acid and ethanol. It is a clear liquid that is sparingly soluble in water, but soluble in alcohol and ether. It has a pleasant odor resembling wintergreen and is used in perfumery and artificial flavors.-References:...

  • Ethyl trans-2-butenoate
  • Ethyl valerate
  • Ethyl vanillin
  • 2-Ethyl (or Methyl)-(3,5 and 6)-Methoxypyrazine
  • 2-Ethyl-1-Hexanol,3-Ethyl-2-Hydroxy-2-Cyclopenten-1-One
  • 2-Ethyl-3,(5 or 6)-Dimethylpyrazine
  • 5-Ethyl-3-Hydroxy-4-Methyl-2(5H)-Furanone
  • 2-Ethyl-3-Methylpyrazine
  • 4-Ethylbenzaldehyde
    4-Ethylbenzaldehye is a derivative of benzaldehyde....

  • 4-Ethylguaiacol
  • para-Ethylphenol
  • 3-Ethylpyridine
  • Eucalyptol
    Eucalyptol is a natural organic compound which is a colorless liquid. It is a cyclic ether and a monoterpenoid.Eucalyptol is also known by a variety of synonyms: 1,8-cineol, 1,8-cineole, limonene oxide, cajeputol, 1,8-epoxy-p-menthane, 1,8-oxido-p-menthane, eucalyptol, eucalyptole,...


  • Farnesol
    Farnesol is a natural organic compound which is an acyclic sesquiterpene alcohol found as a colorless liquid. It is insoluble in water, but miscible with oils...

  • D-Fenchone
    Fenchone is a natural organic compound classified as a monoterpene and a ketone. It is a colorless oily liquid. It has a structure and an odor similar to camphor.Fenchone is a constituent of absinthe and the essential oil of fennel....

  • Fennel
    Fennel is a plant species in the genus Foeniculum . It is a member of the family Apiaceae . It is a hardy, perennial, umbelliferous herb, with yellow flowers and feathery leaves...

     Sweet Oil
  • Fenugreek
    Fenugreek is a plant in the family Fabaceae. Fenugreek is used both as a herb and as a spice . The leaves and sprouts are also eaten as vegetables...

    , Extract, Resin, and Absolute
  • fig
    Ficus is a genus of about 850 species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes, and hemiepiphyte in the family Moraceae. Collectively known as fig trees or figs, they are native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone. The Common Fig Ficus is a genus of...

     Juice Concentrate
  • Food Starch Modified
  • Furfuryl Mercaptan
  • 4-(2-Furyl)-3-Buten-2-One


  • Galbanum
    Galbanum is an aromatic gum resin, the product of certain umbelliferous Persian plant species, chiefly Ferula gummosa and Ferula rubricaulis. Galbanum-yielding plants grow plentifully on the slopes of the mountain ranges of northern Iran...

  • Genet Absolute
  • Gentian
    Gentiana is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the Gentian family , tribe Gentianeae and monophyletic subtribe Gentianinae. With about 400 species, it is considered a large genus.-Habitat:...

     Root Extract
  • Geraniol
    Geraniol is a monoterpenoid and an alcohol. It is the primary part of rose oil, palmarosa oil, and citronella oil . It also occurs in small quantities in geranium, lemon, and many other essential oils. It appears as a clear to pale-yellow oil that is insoluble in water, but soluble in most common...

  • Geranium Rose Oil
  • Geranyl Acetate
  • Geranyl Butyrate
  • Geranyl Formate
  • Geranyl Isovalerate
  • Geranyl Phenylacetate
  • Ginger
    Ginger is the rhizome of the plant Zingiber officinale, consumed as a delicacy, medicine, or spice. It lends its name to its genus and family . Other notable members of this plant family are turmeric, cardamom, and galangal....

     Oil and Oleoresin
  • L-Glutamic Acid
  • L-Glutamine
  • Glycerol
    Glycerol is a simple polyol compound. It is a colorless, odorless, viscous liquid that is widely used in pharmaceutical formulations. Glycerol has three hydroxyl groups that are responsible for its solubility in water and its hygroscopic nature. The glycerol backbone is central to all lipids...

  • Glycyrrhizin
    Glycyrrhizin is the main sweet-tasting compound from liquorice root. It is 30–50 times as sweet as sucrose . Pure glycyrrhizin is odorless....

  • Grape
    A grape is a non-climacteric fruit, specifically a berry, that grows on the perennial and deciduous woody vines of the genus Vitis. Grapes can be eaten raw or they can be used for making jam, juice, jelly, vinegar, wine, grape seed extracts, raisins, molasses and grape seed oil. Grapes are also...

     Juice Concentrate
  • Guaiac Wood Oil
    Oil of guaiac
    Oil of guaiac is a fragrance used in soap. It comes from the palo santo tree .Oil of guaiac is produced through steam distillation of a mixture of wood and sawdust from palo santo. It is sometimes incorrectly called guaiac wood concrete. It is a yellow to greenish yellow semi-solid mass which...

  • Guaiacol
    Guaiacol is a naturally occurring organic compound with the formula C6H4. Although it is biosynthesized by a variety of organisms, this colorless aromatic oil is usually derived from guaiacum or wood creosote. Samples darken upon exposure to air and light. Guaiacol is present in wood smoke,...

  • Guar Gum
    Guar gum
    Guar gum, also called guaran, is a galactomannan. It is primarily the ground endosperm of guar beans. The guar seeds are dehusked, milled and screened to obtain the guar gum. It is typically produced as a free-flowing, pale, off-white-colored, coarse to fine ground powder.-Production:Guar gum is an...


  • 2,4-Heptadienal
  • gamma-Heptalactone
  • Heptanoic Acid
    Heptanoic acid
    Heptanoic acid, also called enanthic acid, is an organic compound composed of a seven-carbon chain terminating in a carboxylic acid. It is an oily liquid with an unpleasant, rancid odor. It contributes to the odor of some rancid oils...

  • 2-Heptanone
    2-Heptanone, or methyl n-amyl ketone, is a ketone with the molecular formula C7H14O. It is a colorless, water-white liquid with a banana-like, fruity odor....

  • 3-Hepten-2-One
  • 2-Hepten-4-One
  • 4-Heptenal
  • trans-2-Heptenal
  • Heptyl acetate
    Heptyl acetate
    Heptyl acetate , also known as heptanyl acetate and acetate C-7, is a colorless alcohol-soluble liquid that is the ester formed by the condensation of 1-heptanol and acetic acid....

  • omega-6-Hexadecenlactone
  • gamma-Hexalactone
  • Hexanal
  • Hexanoic acid
    Hexanoic acid
    Hexanoic acid , is the carboxylic acid derived from hexane with the general formula C5H11COOH. It is a colorless oily liquid with an odor that is fatty, cheesy, waxy, and like that of goats or other barnyard animals...

  • 2-Hexen-1-Ol
  • 3-Hexen-1-Ol
  • cis-3-Hexen-1-Yl Acetate
  • 2-Hexenal
  • 3-Hexenoic Acid
  • trans-2-Hexenoic Acid
  • cis-3-Hexenyl Formate
  • Hexyl 2-Methylbutyrate
  • Hexyl Acetate
    Hexyl acetate
    Hexyl acetate is an ester with the molecular formula C8H16O2. It is mainly used as a solvent for resins, polymers, fats and oils. It is also used as a paint additive to improve its dispersion on a surface....

  • Hexyl Alcohol
  • Hexyl Phenylacetate
  • L-Histidine
  • Honey
    Honey is a sweet food made by bees using nectar from flowers. The variety produced by honey bees is the one most commonly referred to and is the type of honey collected by beekeepers and consumed by humans...

  • Hops Oil
  • Hydrolyzed Milk Solids
    Milk is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals. It is the primary source of nutrition for young mammals before they are able to digest other types of food. Early-lactation milk contains colostrum, which carries the mother's antibodies to the baby and can reduce the risk of many...

  • Hydrolyzed Plant Proteins
  • 5-Hydroxy-2,4-Decadienoic Acid delta- Lactone
  • 4-Hydroxy-2,5-Dimethyl-3(2H)-Furanone
  • 2-Hydroxy-3,5,5-Trimethyl-2-Cyclohexen-1-One
  • 4-Hydroxy -3-Pentenoic Acid Lactone
  • 2-Hydroxy-4-Methylbenzaldehyde
  • 4-Hydroxybutanoic Acid Lactone
  • Hydroxycitronellal
  • 6-Hydroxydihydrotheaspirane
  • 4-(para-Hydroxyphenyl)-2-Butanone
  • Hyssop Oil


  • Immortelle
    Immortelle is another word for the plant everlasting and can also refer specifically to plants of the genera:* Helichrysum * Xeranthemum...

     Absolute and Extract
  • alpha-Ionone
  • beta-Ionone
  • alpha-Irone
  • Isoamyl Acetate
    Isoamyl acetate
    Isoamyl acetate, also known as isopentyl acetate, is an organic compound that is the ester formed from isoamyl alcohol and acetic acid. It is a colorless liquid that is only slightly soluble in water, but very soluble in most organic solvents...

  • Isoamyl Benzoate
  • Isoamyl Butyrate
  • Isoamyl Cinnamate
  • Isoamyl Formate, Isoamyl Hexanoate
  • Isoamyl Isovalerate
  • Isoamyl Octanoate
  • Isoamyl Phenylacetate
  • Isobornyl Acetate
  • Isobutyl Acetate
    Isobutyl acetate
    The chemical compound isobutyl acetate, also known as 2-methylpropyl ethanoate or β-methylpropyl acetate, is a common solvent. It is produced from the esterification of isobutanol with acetic acid. It is used as a solvent for lacquer and nitrocellulose...

  • Isobutyl Alcohol
  • Isobutyl Cinnamate
  • Isobutyl Phenylacetate
  • Isobutyl Salicylate
  • 2-Isobutyl-3-Methoxypyrazine
  • alpha-Isobutylphenethyl Alcohol
  • Isobutyraldehyde
    Isobutyraldehyde is the chemical compound with the formula 2CHCHO. It is an aldehyde, isomeric with n-butyraldehyde . Isobutyraldehyde is manufactured, often as a side-product, by the hydroformylation of propene...

  • Isobutyric Acid
    Isobutyric acid
    Isobutyric acid, also known as 2-methylpropanoic acid, is a carboxylic acid with structural formula 2-CH-COOH. It is found in the free state in carobs and in the root of Arnica dulcis, and as an ethyl ester in croton oil....

  • d,l-Isoleucine
  • alpha-Isomethylionone
  • 2-Isopropylphenol
  • Isovaleric Acid


  • Labdanum
    Labdanum is a sticky brown resin obtained from the shrubs Cistus ladanifer and Cistus creticus , species of rockrose. It has a long history of use in herbal medicine and as a perfume ingredient.-History:...

     Absolute and Oleoresin
  • Lactic Acid
    Lactic acid
    Lactic acid, also known as milk acid, is a chemical compound that plays a role in various biochemical processes and was first isolated in 1780 by the Swedish chemist Carl Wilhelm Scheele. Lactic acid is a carboxylic acid with the chemical formula C3H6O3...

  • Lauric Acid
    Lauric acid
    Lauric acid , the saturated fatty acid with a 12-carbon atom chain, is a white, powdery solid with a faint odor of bay oil or soap.-Occurrence:...

  • Lauric Aldehyde
  • Lavandin Oil
  • Lavender oil
    Lavender oil
    Lavender oil is an essential oil obtained by distillation from the flower spikes of certain species of lavender. Two forms are distinguished, lavender flower oil, a colorless oil, insoluble in water, having a density of 0.885 g/mL; and lavender spike oil, a distillate from the herb Lavandula...

  • Lemon
    The lemon is both a small evergreen tree native to Asia, and the tree's ellipsoidal yellow fruit. The fruit is used for culinary and non-culinary purposes throughout the world – primarily for its juice, though the pulp and rind are also used, mainly in cooking and baking...

     Oil and Extract
  • Lemongrass Oil
  • L-Leucine
  • Levulinic acid
    Levulinic acid
    Levulinic acid, or 4-oxopentanoic acid, is an organic compound with the formula CH3CCH2CH2CO2H. It is a keto acid. This white crystalline is soluble in water, ethanol, and diethyl ether.-Synthesis and uses:...

  • Liquorice root, fluid, extract and powder
  • Lime Oil
  • Linalool
  • Linalool Oxide
  • Linalyl acetate
    Linalyl acetate
    Linalyl acetate is a naturally occurring phytochemical found in many flowers and spice plants. It is one of the principal components of the essential oils of bergamot and lavender. Chemically, it is the acetate ester of linalool, and the two often occur in conjunction.Synthetic linalyl acetate is...

  • Linden
    Tilia is a genus of about 30 species of trees native throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere. The greatest species diversity is found in Asia, and the genus also occurs in Europe and eastern North America, but not western North America...

  • Lovage
    Lovage is a tall perennial plant, the sole species in the genus Levisticum, in the family Apiaceae, subfamily Apioideae, tribe Apieae.-Distribution:...

     Oil And Extract
  • L-Lysine


  • Mace Powder, Extract and Oil
  • Magnesium Carbonate
    Magnesium carbonate
    Magnesium carbonate, MgCO3, is a white solid that occurs in nature as a mineral. Several hydrated and basic forms of magnesium carbonate also exist as minerals...

  • Malic Acid
    Malic acid
    Malic acid is an organic compound with the formula HO2CCH2CHOHCO2H. It is a dicarboxylic acid which is made by all living organisms, contributes to the pleasantly sour taste of fruits, and is used as a food additive. Malic acid has two stereoisomeric forms , though only the L-isomer exists...

  • Malt
    Malt is germinated cereal grains that have been dried in a process known as "malting". The grains are made to germinate by soaking in water, and are then halted from germinating further by drying with hot air...

     and Malt Extract
  • Maltodextrin
    Maltodextrin is a polysaccharide that is used as a food additive. It is produced from starch by partial hydrolysis and is usually found as a creamy-white hygroscopic spraydried powder. Maltodextrin is easily digestible, being absorbed as rapidly as glucose, and might be either moderately sweet or...

  • Maltol
    Maltol is a naturally occurring organic compound that is used primarily as a flavor enhancer. It is found in the bark of larch tree, in pine needles, and in roasted malt . It is a white crystalline powder that is soluble in hot water, chloroform, and other polar solvents...

  • Maltyl Isobutyrate
  • Mandarin
    Mandarin orange
    The orange, also known as the ' or mandarine , is a small citrus tree with fruit resembling other oranges. Mandarin oranges are usually eaten plain or in fruit salads...

  • Maple Syrup
    Maple syrup
    Maple syrup is a syrup usually made from the xylem sap of sugar maple, red maple, or black maple trees, although it can also be made from other maple species such as the bigleaf maple. In cold climates, these trees store starch in their trunks and roots before the winter; the starch is then...

     and Concentrate
  • Mate
    Yerba mate
    Maté, yerba maté or erva maté , Ilex paraguariensis, is a species of holly native to subtropical South America in northeastern Argentina, Bolivia, southern Brazil, Uruguay and Paraguay...

     Leaf, Absolute and Oil
  • para-Mentha-8-Thiol-3-One
  • Menthol
    Menthol is an organic compound made synthetically or obtained from peppermint or other mint oils. It is a waxy, crystalline substance, clear or white in color, which is solid at room temperature and melts slightly above. The main form of menthol occurring in nature is -menthol, which is assigned...

  • Menthone
    Menthone is a naturally occurring organic compound with a molecular formula C10H18O. l-Menthone , shown at right, is the most abundant in nature of the four possible stereoisomers. Menthone is a monoterpene and a ketone...

  • Menthyl Acetate
    Menthyl acetate
    Menthyl acetate is a natural monoterpene which contributes to the smell and flavor of peppermint. It is the acetate ester of menthol. Menthyl acetate constitutes 3-5% of the volatile oil of mentha piperita....

  • dl-Methionine
  • Methoprene
    Methoprene is a juvenile hormone analog which can be used as an insecticide that acts as a growth regulator. Methoprene is an amber-colored liquid with a faint fruity odor which is essentially nontoxic to humans when ingested or inhaled. It is used in drinking water cisterns to control mosquitoes...

  • 2-Methoxy-4-Methylphenol
  • 2-Methoxy-4-Vinylphenol
    2-Methoxy-4-vinylphenol is an aromatic substance used as a flavoring agent. It is one of the compounds responsible for the natural aroma of buckwheat....

  • para-Methoxybenzaldehyde
  • 1-(para-Methoxyphenyl)-1-Penten-3-One
  • 4-(para-Methoxyphenyl)-2-Butanone
  • 1-(para-Methoxyphenyl)-2-Propanone
  • Methoxypyrazine
  • Methyl 2-Furoate
  • Methyl 2-Octynoate
  • Methyl 2-Pyrrolyl Ketone
  • Methyl Anisate
  • Methyl anthranilate
    Methyl anthranilate
    Methyl anthranilate, also known as MA, methyl 2-aminobenzoate or carbomethoxyaniline, is an ester of anthranilic acid. Its chemical formula is C8H9NO2.-Chemical properties:...

  • Methyl Benzoate
    Methyl benzoate
    Methyl benzoate is an ester with the chemical formula C6H5COOCH3. It is formed by the condensation of methanol and benzoic acid, in presence of a strong acid such as hydrochloric acid. It is a colorless liquid that is poorly soluble in water, but miscible with organic solvents.-Reactions:Methyl...

  • Methyl Cinnamate
    Methyl cinnamate
    Methyl cinnamate is the methyl ester of cinnamic acid and is a white or transparent solid with a strong, aromatic odor. It is found naturally in a variety of plants, including in fruits, like strawberry, and some culinary spices, such as Sichuan pepper and some varieties of basil...

  • Methyl Dihydrojasmonate
    Methyl dihydrojasmonate
    Methyl dihydrojasmonate is an ester and a diffusive aroma compound, with the smell vaguely similar to jasmine. In racemic mixtures the odor is floral and citrus while epimerized mixtures exhibit a dense fatty floral odor with odor recognition thresholds of 15 parts per billion.The compound is also...

  • Methyl Ester of Rosin, Partially Hydrogenated
  • Methyl Isovalerate
  • Methyl Linoleate (48%)
  • Methyl Linolenate (52%) Mixture
  • Methyl Naphthyl Ketone
  • Methyl Nicotinate
  • Methyl phenylacetate
    Methyl phenylacetate
    Methyl phenylacetate is an organic compound that is the ester formed from methanol and phenylacetic acid, with the structural formula C6H5CH2COOCH3. It is a clear colorless liquid that is only slightly soluble in water, but very soluble in most organic solvents.Methyl phenylacetate has a strong...

  • Methyl Salicylate
    Methyl salicylate
    Methyl salicylate is a natural product of many species of plants. Some of the plants which produce it are called wintergreens, hence the common name.-Botanical background:...

  • Methyl Sulfide
  • 3-Methyl-1-Cyclopentadecanone
  • 4-Methyl-1-Phenyl-2-Pentanone
  • 5-Methyl-2-Phenyl-2-Hexenal
  • 5-Methyl-2-Thiophenecarboxaldehyde
  • 6-Methyl-3,-5-Heptadien-2-One
  • 2-Methyl-3-(para-Isopropylphenyl) Propionaldehyde
  • 5-Methyl-3-Hexen-2-One
  • 1-Methyl-3-Methoxy-4-Isopropylbenzene
  • 4-Methyl-3-Pentene-2-One
  • 2-Methyl-4-Phenylbutyraldehyde
  • 6-Methyl-5-Hepten-2-One
  • 4-Methyl-5-Thiazoleethanol
  • 4-Methyl-5-Vinylthiazole
  • Methyl-alpha-Ionone
  • Methyl-trans-2-Butenoic Acid
  • 4-Methylacetophenone
  • para-Methylanisole
  • alpha-Methylbenzyl Acetate
  • alpha-Methylbenzyl Alcohol
  • 2-Methylbutyraldehyde
  • 3-Methylbutyraldehyde
  • 2-Methylbutyric Acid
  • alpha-Methylcinnamaldehyde
  • Methylcyclopentenolone
  • 2-Methylheptanoic Acid
  • 2-Methylhexanoic Acid
  • 3-Methylpentanoic Acid
  • 4-Methylpentanoic Acid
  • 2-Methylpyrazine
  • 5-Methylquinoxaline
  • 2-Methyltetrahydrofuran-3-One
  • (Methylthio)Methylpyrazine (Mixture Of Isomers)
  • 3-Methylthiopropionaldehyde
  • Methyl 3-Methylthiopropionate
  • 2-Methylvaleric Acid
  • Mimosa
    Mimosa is a genus of about 400 species of herbs and shrubs, in the subfamily Mimosoideae of the legume family Fabaceae. The generic name is derived from the Greek word μιμος , meaning "mimic."...

     Absolute and Extract
  • Molasses
    Molasses is a viscous by-product of the processing of sugar cane, grapes or sugar beets into sugar. The word molasses comes from the Portuguese word melaço, which ultimately comes from mel, the Latin word for "honey". The quality of molasses depends on the maturity of the sugar cane or sugar beet,...

     Extract and Tincture
  • Mountain Maple
    Mountain Maple
    Acer spicatum is a species of maple native to northeastern North America from Saskatchewan to Newfoundland, and south to Pennsylvania. It also grows at high elevations in the southern Appalachian Mountains to northern Georgia....

     Solid Extract
  • Mullein
    The Mulleins are a genus of about 250 species of flowering plants in the figwort family . They are native to Europe and Asia, with the highest species diversity in the Mediterranean region.They are biennial or perennial plants, rarely annuals or subshrubs, growing to 0.5–3 m tall...

  • Myristaldehyde
  • Myristic acid
    Myristic acid
    Myristic acid, also called tetradecanoic acid, is a common saturated fatty acid with the molecular formula CH312COOH. A myristate is a salt or ester of myristic acid....

  • Myrrh
    Myrrh is the aromatic oleoresin of a number of small, thorny tree species of the genus Commiphora, which grow in dry, stony soil. An oleoresin is a natural blend of an essential oil and a resin. Myrrh resin is a natural gum....



  • beta-Napthyl Ethyl Ether
  • Nerol
    Nerol is a monoterpene found in many essential oils such as lemongrass and hops. It was originally isolated from neroli oil, hence its name. This colourless liquid is used in perfumery. Like geraniol, nerol has a sweet rose odor but it is considered to be fresher.Isomeric with nerol is geraniol,...

  • Neroli Bigarde Oil
  • Nerolidol
    Nerolidol, also known as peruviol, is a naturally occurring sesquiterpene found in the essential oils of many types of plants and flowers. There are two isomers of nerolidol, cis and trans, which differ in the geometry about the central double bond. Nerolidol is present in neroli, ginger,...

  • Nona-2-trans,6-cis-dienal
  • 2,6-Nonadien-1-ol
  • gamma-Nonalactone
  • Nonanal
    Nonanal, also called nonanaldehyde or pelargonaldehyde, is an alkyl aldehyde. It has a strong fruity or floral odor and is used in flavors and perfume. It is also produced by the human body.- Mosquitoes :...

  • Nonanoic Acid
    Nonanoic acid
    Nonanoic acid, also called pelargonic acid, is an organic compound composed of a nine-carbon chain terminating in a carboxylic acid with structural formula CH37COOH. Nonanoic acid forms esters—nonanoates. It is a clear, oily liquid with an unpleasant, rancid odor...

  • Nonanone
  • trans-2-Nonen-1-ol
  • 2-Nonenal
    2-Nonenal is an unsaturated aldehyde which some research has associated with human body odor alterations during aging. The substance is also an important aroma component of aged beer and buckwheat. The odor of this substance is perceived as orris, fat and cucumber.In the April 2001 issue of the...

  • Nonyl Acetate
  • Nutmeg
    The nutmeg tree is any of several species of trees in genus Myristica. The most important commercial species is Myristica fragrans, an evergreen tree indigenous to the Banda Islands in the Moluccas of Indonesia...

     Powder and Oil


  • Oak
    An oak is a tree or shrub in the genus Quercus , of which about 600 species exist. "Oak" may also appear in the names of species in related genera, notably Lithocarpus...

     chips extract and oil
  • Oakmoss
    Evernia prunastri, also known as Oakmoss, is a species of lichen. It can be found in many mountainous temperate forests throughout the Northern Hemisphere, including parts of France, Portugal, Spain, North America, and much of Central Europe...

  • 9,12-Octadecadienoic acid (48%) and 9,12,15-Octadecatrienoic acid (52%)
  • delta-Octalactone
  • gamma-Octalactone
  • Octanal
    Octanal is an aldehyde with the chemical formula C8H16O. It occurs naturally as a colorless or lightly yellow tinged liquid with a fruit-like odor. It is a fairly combustible liquid. It is used commercially as a component in perfumes and in flavor production for the food industry.Octanal can also...

  • Octanoic acid
  • 1-Octanol
  • 2-Octanone
  • 3-Octen-2-one
  • 1-Octen-3-ol
    1-Octen-3-ol, octenol for short , is a chemical that attracts biting insects such as mosquitos. It is contained in human breath and sweat, and it was once believed that insect repellent DEET works by blocking the insects' octenol odorant receptors.Octenol is used in combination with carbon dioxide...

  • 1-Octen-3-yl acetate
  • 2-Octenal
  • Octyl isobutyrate
  • Oleic acid
    Oleic acid
    Oleic acid is a monounsaturated omega-9 fatty acid found in various animal and vegetable fats. It has the formula CH37CH=CH7COOH. It is an odorless, colourless oil, although commercial samples may be yellowish. The trans isomer of oleic acid is called elaidic acid...

  • Olibanum oil
  • Opoponax
    Opopanax chironium, also known as sweet myrrh or bisabol myrrh, is a herb that grows one to three feet high and produces a large, yellow inflorescence. The plant thrives in warm climates like Iran, Italy, Greece, Turkey and Somalia, but also grows in cooler climates...

     oil and gum
  • Orange
    Orange (fruit)
    An orange—specifically, the sweet orange—is the citrus Citrus × sinensis and its fruit. It is the most commonly grown tree fruit in the world....

     blossom water, absolute, and leaf absolute
  • Orange oil
    Orange oil
    Orange oil is an essential oil produced by cells inside the rind of an orange fruit. In contrast to most essential oils, it is extracted as a by-product of orange juice production by centrifugation, producing a cold-pressed oil...

     and extract
  • Origanum oil
  • Orris
    Orris root
    Orris root is a term used for the roots Iris germanica, Iris florentina, and Iris pallida. Once important in western herbal medicine, it is now used mainly as a fixative and base note in perfumery, as well as an ingredient in many brands of gin....

     concrete oil and root extract


  • Palmarosa Oil
  • Palmitic acid
    Palmitic acid
    Palmitic acid, or hexadecanoic acid in IUPAC nomenclature, is one of the most common saturated fatty acids found in animals and plants. Its molecular formula is CH314CO2H. As its name indicates, it is a major component of the oil from palm trees . Palmitate is a term for the salts and esters of...

  • Parsley Seed Oil
  • Patchouli Oil
    Patchouli is a species from the genus Pogostemon and a bushy herb of the mint family, with erect stems, reaching two or three feet in height and bearing small, pale pink-white flowers...

  • omega-Pentadecalactone
  • 2,3-Pentanedione
  • 2-Pentanone
    Pentan-2-one or 2-pentanone or methyl propyl ketone is a colorless liquid ketone with an odor resembling that of acetone. Its formula is C5H10O. It is sometimes used in very small amounts as a flavoring food additive. Two other ketones, 3-pentanone and methyl isopropyl ketone are isomers of...

  • 4-Pentenoic Acid
  • 2-Pentylpyridine
  • Pepper Oil, Black And White
  • Peppermint Oil
  • Peruvian (Bois De Rose) Oil
  • Petitgrain
    Petitgrain is an essential oil that is extracted from the green twigs of the bitter orange plant via steam distillation.-Production:...

     Absolute, Mandarin Oil and Terpeneless Oil
  • alpha-Phellandrene
  • 2-Phenenthyl Acetate
  • Phenethyl alcohol
    Phenethyl alcohol
    Phenethyl alcohol, or 2-phenylethanol, is the organic compound with the formula C6H5CH2CH2OH. This colourless liquid occurs widely in nature, being found in a variety of essential oils, including rose, carnation, hyacinth, Aleppo pine, orange blossom, ylang-ylang, geranium, neroli, and champaca...

  • Phenethyl Butyrate
  • Phenethyl Cinnamate
  • Phenethyl Isobutyrate
  • Phenethyl Isovalerate
  • Phenethyl Phenylacetate
  • Phenethyl Salicylate
  • 1-Phenyl-1-Propanol
  • 3-Phenyl-1-Propanol
  • 2-Phenyl-2-Butenal
  • 4-Phenyl-3-Buten-2-Ol
  • 4-Phenyl-3-Buten-2-One
  • Phenylacetaldehyde
    Phenylacetaldehyde is an aromatic compound found in buckwheat, chocolate and many other foods and flowers.It is also responsible for the antibiotic activity of maggot therapy and it is also a compound that is added to cigarettes to improve their aroma....

  • Phenylacetic Acid
    Phenylacetic acid
    Phenylacetic acid is an organic compound containing a phenyl functional group and a carboxylic acid functional group. It is a white solid with a disagreeable odor...

  • L-Phenylalanine
  • 3-Phenylpropionaldehyde
  • 3-Phenylpropionic Acid
  • 3-Phenylpropyl Acetate
  • 3-Phenylpropyl Cinnamate
  • 2-(3-Phenylpropyl)Tetrahydrofuran
  • Phosphoric Acid
    Phosphoric acid
    Phosphoric acid, also known as orthophosphoric acid or phosphoric acid, is a mineral acid having the chemical formula H3PO4. Orthophosphoric acid molecules can combine with themselves to form a variety of compounds which are also referred to as phosphoric acids, but in a more general way...

  • Pimenta Leaf Oil
  • Pine Needle Oil, Pine Oil
    Pine oil
    Pine oil is an essential oil obtained by the steam distillation of needles, twigs and cones from a variety of species of pine, particularly Pinus sylvestris....

    , Scotch
  • Pineapple
    Pineapple is the common name for a tropical plant and its edible fruit, which is actually a multiple fruit consisting of coalesced berries. It was given the name pineapple due to its resemblance to a pine cone. The pineapple is by far the most economically important plant in the Bromeliaceae...

     Juice Concentrate
  • alpha-Pinene
    α-Pinene is an organic compound of the terpene class, one of two isomers of pinene. It is an alkene and it contains a reactive four-membered ring. It is found in the oils of many species of many coniferous trees, notably the pine. It is also found in the essential oil of rosemary...

    , beta-Pinene
    beta-Pinene is a colorless liquid, soluble in alcohol, but not water. It has a woody-green pine-like smell. It occurs naturally in rosemary, parsley, dill, basil, yarrow, and rose. It is also a major constituent of hop aroma and flavor....

  • D-Piperitone
  • Piperonal
    Piperonal, also known as heliotropin, is an aromatic aldehyde that comes as transparent crystals, C8H6O3, and has a floral odor commonly described as being similar to that of vanillin and cherry. It is used as flavoring and in perfume. It can be obtained by oxidation of piperonyl alcohol or the...

  • Pipsissewa Leaf Extract
  • Plum
    A plum or gage is a stone fruit tree in the genus Prunus, subgenus Prunus. The subgenus is distinguished from other subgenera in the shoots having a terminal bud and solitary side buds , the flowers in groups of one to five together on short stems, and the fruit having a groove running down one...

  • Potassium Sorbate
    Potassium sorbate
    Potassium sorbate is the potassium salt of sorbic acid, chemical formula C6H7KO2. Its primary use is as a food preservative . Potassium sorbate is effective in a variety of applications including food, wine, and personal care products....

  • L-Proline
  • Propenylguaethol
  • Propionic Acid
    Propionic acid
    Propanoic acid is a naturally occurring carboxylic acid with chemical formula CH3CH2COOH. It is a clear liquid with a pungent odor...

  • Propyl Acetate
    Propyl acetate
    The chemical compound propyl acetate, also known as propyl ethanoate, is a common solvent. This clear, colourless liquid is known by its characteristic odour of pears. Due to this fact, it is commonly used as a flavouring additive...

  • Propyl para-Hydroxybenzoate
  • Propylene Glycol
    Propylene glycol
    Propylene glycol, also called 1,2-propanediol or propane-1,2-diol, is an organic compound with formula C3H8O2 or HO-CH2-CHOH-CH3...

  • 3-Propylidenephthalide
  • Prune Juice and Concentrate
  • Pyridine
    Pyridine is a basic heterocyclic organic compound with the chemical formula C5H5N. It is structurally related to benzene, with one C-H group replaced by a nitrogen atom...

  • Pyroligneous Acid
    Pyroligneous acid
    Pyroligneous acid, also called wood vinegar, is a dark liquid produced through the natural act of carbonization, which occurs when wood is heated in an airless container during charcoal production.-Chemical components:...

     And Extract
  • Pyrrole
    Pyrrole is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound, a five-membered ring with the formula C4H4NH. It is a colourless volatile liquid that darkens readily upon exposure to air. Substituted derivatives are also called pyrroles, e.g., N-methylpyrrole, C4H4NCH3...

  • Pyruvic Acid
    Pyruvic acid
    Pyruvic acid is an organic acid, a ketone, as well as the simplest of the alpha-keto acids. The carboxylate ion of pyruvic acid, CH3COCOO−, is known as pyruvate, and is a key intersection in several metabolic pathways....


  • Raisin
    Raisins are dried grapes. They are produced in many regions of the world. Raisins may be eaten raw or used in cooking, baking and brewing...

     Juice Concentrate
  • Rhodinol
    Rhodinol is a monoterpene alcohol that occurs naturally in geranium and citronella oils. It is used in cosmetics and perfumery to impart flowery odors....

  • Rose
    A rose is a woody perennial of the genus Rosa, within the family Rosaceae. There are over 100 species. They form a group of erect shrubs, and climbing or trailing plants, with stems that are often armed with sharp prickles. Flowers are large and showy, in colours ranging from white through yellows...

     Absolute and Oil
  • Rosemary Oil
  • Rum
    Rum is a distilled alcoholic beverage made from sugarcane by-products such as molasses, or directly from sugarcane juice, by a process of fermentation and distillation. The distillate, a clear liquid, is then usually aged in oak barrels...

  • Rum Ether
  • Rye Extract


  • Sage, Sage oil
    Sage oil
    Sage oil is the essential oil made from the culinary herb sage, Salvia officinalis. In addition to its valuable flavoring characteristics, sage oil can contain as much as 50% thujone by weight. The exact amount varies based on the time in the season and which part of the plant is tested...

    , and Sage oleoresin
  • Salicylaldehyde
    Salicylaldehyde is the chemical compound with the formula C6H4CHO-2-OH. Along with 3-hydroxybenzaldehyde and 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde, it is one of the three isomers of hydroxybenzaldehyde. This colorless oily liquid has a bitter almond odor at higher concentration and a characteristic buckwheat...

  • Sandalwood
    Sandalwood is the name of a class of fragrant woods from trees in the genus Santalum. The woods are heavy, yellow, and fine-grained, and unlike many other aromatic woods they retain their fragrance for decades. As well as using the harvested and cut wood in-situ, essential oils are also extracted...

     oil, yellow
  • Sclareolide
    Sclareolide is a sesquiterpene lactone natural product derived from various plant sources including Salvia sclarea, Salvia yosgadensis, and cigar tobacco...

  • Skatole
    Skatole or 3-methylindole is a mildly toxic white crystalline organic compound belonging to the indole family. It occurs naturally in feces and coal tar, and has a strong fecal odor...

  • Smoke flavor
  • Snakeroot oil
    Asarum canadense
    Asarum canadense, commonly known as Canada wild ginger, Canadian snakeroot and broad-leaved asarabaccais, is a herbaceous perennial native to deciduous forest in eastern North America, from the Great Plains east to the Atlantic Coast, and from southeastern Canada south to approximately the fall...

  • Sodium acetate
    Sodium acetate
    Sodium acetate, CH3COONa, also abbreviated NaOAc, also sodium ethanoate, is the sodium salt of acetic acid. This colourless salt has a wide range of uses.-Industrial:...

  • Sodium benzoate
    Sodium benzoate
    Sodium benzoate has the chemical formula NaC6H5CO2; it is a widely used food preservative, with E number E211. It is the sodium salt of benzoic acid and exists in this form when dissolved in water. It can be produced by reacting sodium hydroxide with benzoic acid.-Uses:Sodium benzoate is a...

  • Sodium bicarbonate
    Sodium bicarbonate
    Sodium bicarbonate or sodium hydrogen carbonate is the chemical compound with the formula Na HCO3. Sodium bicarbonate is a white solid that is crystalline but often appears as a fine powder. It has a slightly salty, alkaline taste resembling that of washing soda . The natural mineral form is...

  • Sodium carbonate
    Sodium carbonate
    Sodium carbonate , Na2CO3 is a sodium salt of carbonic acid. It most commonly occurs as a crystalline heptahydrate, which readily effloresces to form a white powder, the monohydrate. Sodium carbonate is domestically well-known for its everyday use as a water softener. It can be extracted from the...

  • Sodium chloride
    Sodium chloride
    Sodium chloride, also known as salt, common salt, table salt or halite, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaCl. Sodium chloride is the salt most responsible for the salinity of the ocean and of the extracellular fluid of many multicellular organisms...

  • Sodium citrate
    Sodium citrate
    Trisodium citrate has the chemical formula of Na3C6H5O7. It is sometimes referred to simply as sodium citrate, though sodium citrate can refer to any of the three sodium salts of citric acid. It possesses a saline, mildly tart flavor. For this reason, citrates of certain alkaline and alkaline earth...

  • Sodium hydroxide
  • Solanone
    Solanone is an unsaturated ketone, an organic chemical used as a fragrance.It was discovered in 1967 by Johnson and Nicholson, American tobacconists. It is naturally present in tobacco leaves. As the extraction of natural product is expensive, it is currently being mostly manufactured...

  • Spearmint
    Mentha spicata syn. M. cordifolia is a species of mint native to much of Europe and southwest Asia, though its exact natural range is uncertain due to extensive early cultivation. It grows in wet soils...

  • Styrax
    Styrax is a genus of about 130 species of large shrubs or small trees in the family Styracaceae, mostly native to warm temperate to tropical regions of the Northern Hemisphere, with the majority in eastern and southeastern Asia, but also crossing the equator in South America...

     extract, gum and oil
  • Sucrose octaacetate
    Sucrose octaacetate
    Sucrose octaacetate is an acetylated derivative of sucrose. It is used commercially and industrially in a variety of applications. It is used as an inert ingredient in pesticides and herbicides...

  • Sugar alcohol
    Sugar alcohol
    A sugar alcohol is a hydrogenated form of carbohydrate, whose carbonyl group has been reduced to a primary or secondary hydroxyl group . Sugar alcohols have the general formula Hn+1H, whereas sugars have HnHCO...

  • Sugars


  • Tagetes Oil
  • Tannic Acid
    Tannic acid
    Tannic acid is a specific commercial form of tannin, a type of polyphenol. Its weak acidity is due to the numerous phenol groups in the structure...

  • Tartaric Acid
    Tartaric acid
    Tartaric acid is a white crystalline diprotic organic acid. It occurs naturally in many plants, particularly grapes, bananas, and tamarinds; is commonly combined with baking soda to function as a leavening agent in recipes, and is one of the main acids found in wine. It is added to other foods to...

  • Tea Leaf and Absolute
  • alpha-Terpineol
  • Terpinolene
  • Terpinyl Acetate
  • 5,6,7,8-Tetrahydroquinoxaline
  • 1,5,5,9-Tetramethyl-13-Oxatricyclo(,9))Tridecane
  • 2,3,4,5, and 3,4,5,6-Tetramethylethyl-Cyclohexanone
  • 2,3,5,6-Tetramethylpyrazine
  • Thiamine Hydrochloride
  • Thiazole
    Thiazole, or 1,3-thiazole, is a heterocyclic compound that contains both sulfur and nitrogen; the term 'thiazole' also refers to a large family of derivatives. Thiazole itself is a pale yellow liquid with a pyridine-like odor and the molecular formula C3H3NS...

  • L-Threonine
  • Thyme
    Thyme is a culinary and medicinal herb of the genus Thymus.-History:Ancient Egyptians used thyme for embalming. The ancient Greeks used it in their baths and burnt it as incense in their temples, believing it was a source of courage...

     Oil, White and Red
  • Thymol
    Thymol is a natural monoterpene phenol derivative of cymene, C10H14O, isomeric with carvacrol, found in oil of thyme, and extracted from Thymus vulgaris and various other kinds of plants as a white crystalline substance of a pleasant aromatic odor and strong antiseptic properties...

  • Tobacco Extracts
  • Tocopherol
    Tocopherols are a class of chemical compounds of which many have vitamin E activity. It is a series of organic compounds consisting of various methylated phenols...

    s (mixed)
  • Tolu balsam
    Tolu balsam
    Tolu balsam or balsam of Tolu is the resinous secretion of Myroxylon balsamum.The resin is still used in certain cough syrup formulas. However its main use in the modern era is in perfumery, where it is valued for its warm, mellow yet somewhat spicy scent. It is also used as a natural remedy for...

     Gum and Extract
  • Tolualdehydes
  • para-Tolyl 3-Methylbutyrate
  • para-Tolyl Acetaldehyde
  • para-Tolyl Acetate
  • para-Tolyl Isobutyrate
  • para-Tolyl Phenylacetate
  • Triacetin
    The triglyceride 1,2,3-triacetoxypropane is more generally known as triacetin and glycerin triacetate. It is the triester of glycerol and acetic acid....

  • 2-Tridecanone
  • 2-Tridecenal
  • Triethyl Citrate
    Triethyl citrate
    Triethyl citrate is an ester of citric acid. It is a colorless, odorless liquid used as a food additive to stabilize foams, especially as whipping aid for egg white. It is also used in pharmaceutical coatings and plastics....

  • 3,5,5-Trimethyl-1-Hexanol
  • para,alpha,alpha-Trimethylbenzyl Alcohol
  • 4-(2,6,6-Trimethylcyclohex-1-Enyl)But-2-En-4-One
  • 2,6,6-Trimethylcyclohex-2-Ene-1,4-Dione
  • 2,6,6-Trimethylcyclohexa-1,3-Dienyl Methan
  • 4-(2,6,6-Trimethylcyclohexa-1,3-Dienyl)But-2-En-4-One
  • 2,2,6-Trimethylcyclohexanone
  • 2,3,5-Trimethylpyrazine
  • L-Tyrosine


  • delta-Undercalactone
  • gamma-Undecalactone
  • Undecanal
  • 2-Undecanone,1
  • 0-Undecenal
  • Urea
    Urea or carbamide is an organic compound with the chemical formula CO2. The molecule has two —NH2 groups joined by a carbonyl functional group....


  • Valencene
    Valencene is a sesquiterpene that is an aroma component of citrus fruit and citrus-derived odorants. It is cheaply obtained from Valencia oranges. Valencene is biosynthesized from FPP by the CVS enzyme....

  • Valeraldehyde
  • Valerian Root Extract, Oil and Powder
  • Valeric acid
    Valeric acid
    Valeric acid, or pentanoic acid, is a straight-chain alkyl carboxylic acid with the chemical formula C5H10O2. Like other low-molecular-weight carboxylic acids, it has a very unpleasant odor. It is found naturally in the perennial flowering plant valerian , from which it gets its name. Its...

  • gamma-Valerolactone
    gamma-Valerolactone is an organic compound with the formula C5H8O2. This clear liquid is one of the more common lactones. It is a structural isomer of delta-valerolactone. Because of its herbal odor, it is used in the perfume and flavor industries....

  • Valine
    Valine is an α-amino acid with the chemical formula HO2CCHCH2. L-Valine is one of 20 proteinogenic amino acids. Its codons are GUU, GUC, GUA, and GUG. This essential amino acid is classified as nonpolar...

  • Vanilla
    Vanilla is a flavoring derived from orchids of the genus Vanilla, primarily from the Mexican species, Flat-leaved Vanilla . The word vanilla derives from the Spanish word "", little pod...

     Extract And Oleoresin
  • Vanillin
    Vanillin is a phenolic aldehyde, an organic compound with the molecular formula C8H8O3. Its functional groups include aldehyde, ether, and phenol. It is the primary component of the extract of the vanilla bean. It is also found in Leptotes bicolor, roasted coffee and the Chinese red pine...

  • Veratraldehyde
    Veratraldehyde is a derivative of benzaldehyde with two methoxy groups. As the methyl ether of vanillin, it is also known as methylvanillin....

  • Vetiver Oil
  • Vinegar
    Vinegar is a liquid substance consisting mainly of acetic acid and water, the acetic acid being produced through the fermentation of ethanol by acetic acid bacteria. Commercial vinegar is produced either by fast or slow fermentation processes. Slow methods generally are used with traditional...

  • Violet Leaf Absolute


  • Walnut Hull Extract
  • Water
    Water is a chemical substance with the chemical formula H2O. A water molecule contains one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms connected by covalent bonds. Water is a liquid at ambient conditions, but it often co-exists on Earth with its solid state, ice, and gaseous state . Water also exists in a...

  • Wheat
    Wheat is a cereal grain, originally from the Levant region of the Near East, but now cultivated worldwide. In 2007 world production of wheat was 607 million tons, making it the third most-produced cereal after maize and rice...

     Extract And Flour
  • Wild Cherry Bark Extract
  • Wine
    Wine is an alcoholic beverage, made of fermented fruit juice, usually from grapes. The natural chemical balance of grapes lets them ferment without the addition of sugars, acids, enzymes, or other nutrients. Grape wine is produced by fermenting crushed grapes using various types of yeast. Yeast...

     and Wine Cherry
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