List of psychologists
This list includes notable psychologist
Psychologist is a professional or academic title used by individuals who are either:* Clinical professionals who work with patients in a variety of therapeutic contexts .* Scientists conducting psychological research or teaching psychology in a college...

s and contributors to psychology
Psychology is the study of the mind and behavior. Its immediate goal is to understand individuals and groups by both establishing general principles and researching specific cases. For many, the ultimate goal of psychology is to benefit society...

, some of whom may not have thought of themselves primarily as psychologists but are included here because of their important contributions to the discipline.

Specialized lists of psychologists can be found at the articles on comparative psychology
Comparative psychology
Comparative psychology generally refers to the scientific study of the behavior and mental processes of non-human animals. However, scientists from different disciplines do not always agree on this definition...

, list of clinical psychologists, list of developmental psychologists, list of educational psychologists, list of evolutionary psychologists, list of social psychologists, and list of cognitive scientists. Many psychologists included in those lists are also listed below:


  • Lyn Yvonne Abramson
    Lyn Yvonne Abramson
    Lyn Yvonne Abramson is currently a professor of psychology at the University of Wisconsin–Madison....

  • Alfred Adler
    Alfred Adler
    Alfred Adler was an Austrian medical doctor, psychotherapist, and founder of the school of individual psychology. In collaboration with Sigmund Freud and a small group of Freud's colleagues, Adler was among the co-founders of the psychoanalytic movement as a core member of the Vienna...

  • Mary Ainsworth
    Mary Ainsworth
    Mary Dinsmore Salter Ainsworth was a Canadian developmental psychologist known for her work in early emotional attachment with "The Strange Situation" as well as her work in the development of Attachment Theory.-Life:...

  • Hagop S Akiskal
  • George Albee
    George Albee
    George Wilson Albee was a pioneer in clinical psychology, who believed societal factors were the major cause of mental illness. He was one of the leading figures in the development of community psychology.-Career:...

  • Jüri Allik
    Jüri Allik
    Jüri Allik , is an Estonian psychologist.Allik holds Ph.D. degrees in psychology both from the University of Moscow, Russia and University of Tampere, Finland...

  • Lauren Alloy
    Lauren Alloy
    Lauren B. Alloy is a professor of psychology at Temple University recognized in the area of mood disorders. Her research focuses on cognitive, interpersonal, and biopsychosocial processes in the onset and maintenance of depression and bipolar disorder...

  • Gordon Allport
    Gordon Allport
    Gordon Willard Allport was an American psychologist. Allport was one of the first psychologists to focus on the study of the personality, and is often referred to as one of the founding figures of personality psychology...

     (one of founding figures of Personality psychology
    Personality psychology
    Personality psychology is a branch of psychology that studies personality and individual differences. Its areas of focus include:* Constructing a coherent picture of the individual and his or her major psychological processes...

  • Adelbert Ames, Jr.
    Adelbert Ames, Jr.
    Adelbert Ames, Jr. was an American scientist who made contributions to physics, physiology, ophthalmology, psychology, and philosophy. He pioneered the study of physiological optics at Dartmouth College, serving as a research professor, then as director of research at the Dartmouth Eye Institute...

  • Harlene Anderson
    Harlene Anderson
    Harlene Anderson is an American psychologist. Along with Dr. Harold A. Goolishian , she developed a postmodern collaborative approach to therapy. She is recognized as a leader in the field of marriage and family therapy for her contributions to theory development, as well as innovative practices...

  • John R. Anderson
  • Ernst Angel
    Ernst Angel
    Ernst Angel was an Austrian born poet, theatre and film critic, screen play author, film director and publisher who later became a psychologist....

  • Heinz Ansbacher
    Heinz Ansbacher
    Heinz Ludwig Ansbacher was a German-American psychologist specializing in the theories of Alfred Adler.-Biography:...

  • John Archer
  • Michael Argyle
    Michael Argyle (psychologist)
    Michael Argyle was one of the best known English social psychologists of the twentieth century. He spent most of his career at the University of Oxford, and worked on numerous topics...

  • Solomon Asch
    Solomon Asch
    Solomon Eliot Asch , also known as Shlaym, was an American Gestalt psychologist and pioneer in social psychology.-Early life and education:...

  • Roberto Assagioli
    Roberto Assagioli
    Roberto Assagioli was an Italian psychiatrist and pioneer in the fields of humanistic and transpersonal psychology. Assagioli founded the psychological movement known as psychosynthesis, which is still being developed today by therapists, and psychologists, who practice his technique...

  • John William Atkinson
    John William Atkinson
    John William Atkinson , also known as Jack Atkinson, was an American psychologist who pioneered the scientific study of human motivation, achievement and behavior...

  • Aušra Augustinavičiūtė
    Aušra Augustinaviciute
    Aušra Augustinavičiūtė was a Lithuanian psychologist, author of numerous scientific theories and discoveries, and the founder of Socionics...

  • Virginia Axline
    Virginia Axline
    Virginia M. Axline was a psychologist and one of the pioneers in the use of Play Therapy. She wrote the book Dibs In Search Of Self. She was also the author of Play Therapy....

     (instrumental in the development of Play Therapy)


  • Arthur J. Bachrach
    Arthur J. Bachrach
    Arthur J. Bachrach is an American psychologist and administrator, who was Professor and Chairman of the Department of Psychology at Arizona State University, and Director of the Environmental Stress Program and Chair of Psychophysiology at the Naval Medical Research Institute at the Naval Medical...

  • Alan D Baddeley
    Alan Baddeley
    Alan David Baddeley FRS, CBE is a British psychologist. He is professor of psychology at the University of York. He is known for his work on working memory, in particular for his multiple components model.-Education:...

  • Albert Bandura
    Albert Bandura
    Albert Bandura is a psychologist and the David Starr Jordan Professor Emeritus of Social Science in Psychology at Stanford University...

     (Social learning theory
    Social learning theory
    -Theory:Social learning theory is derived from the work of Albert Bandura which proposed that social learning occurred through four main stages of imitation:* close contact* imitation of superiors* understanding of concepts* role model behavior...

  • Russell Barkley
    Russell Barkley
    Russell A. Barkley, Ph.D., is a Research Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at the State University of New York Upstate Medical University...

  • Jerome Barkow
    Jerome H. Barkow
    Jerome H. Barkow is a Canadian anthropologist at Dalhousie University who has made important contributions to the field of evolutionary psychology. He received a B.A. in Psychology from Brooklyn College in 1964 and a Ph.D. in Human Development from the University of Chicago in 1970...

  • Dermot Barnes-Holmes
    Dermot Barnes-Holmes
    Dermot Barnes-Holmes is a Professor at the Department of Psychology at National University of Ireland, Maynooth. He is known for an analysis of human language and cognition through the development of Relational Frame Theory with Steven C. Hayes, and its application in various psychological settings...

  • Deirdre Barrett
    Deirdre Barrett
    Deirdre Barrett, Ph.D. is an author and psychologist who teaches at Harvard Medical School. She is known for her research on dreams, hypnosis, and imagery and has written on evolutionary psychology. Barrett is a Past President of The International Association for the Study of Dreams and of the...

  • Lisa Feldman Barrett
    Lisa Feldman Barrett
    Lisa Feldman Barrett is a Distinguished Professor of Psychology at Northeastern University, where she focuses on the study of emotion. She is director of the Interdisciplinary Affective Science Laboratory and is co-director of the Laboratory of Aging and Emotion at Massachusetts General Hospital...

  • Lawrence W. Barsalou
    Lawrence W. Barsalou
    Lawrence W. Barsalou, born on November 3, 1951 in San Diego , is a psychologist and a cognitive scientist. He received a bachelors degree in Psychology from the University of California, San Diego in 1977, and a Ph.D. in Psychology from Stanford University in 1981. His doctoral advisor was Gordon...

  • Daniel Batson
    Daniel Batson
    C. Daniel Batson is an American social psychologist. He holds both doctoral degrees in Theology and Psychology . He obtained his doctorate under John Darley and has taught at the University of Kansas...

  • Diana Baumrind
    Diana Baumrind
    Diana Blumberg Baumrind is a clinical and developmental psychologist.Baumrind was born into a small Jewish community in New York City, the first of two daughters of Hyman and Mollie Blumberg. She completed her B.A. in Psychology and Philosophy at Hunter College in 1948, and her M.A. and Ph.D. in...

  • Geoffrey Beattie
    Geoffrey Beattie
    Geoffrey Beattie is in the School of Psychological Sciences at the University of Manchester and is a Professorial Research Fellow in the established at the university in 2008. A Fellow of the British Psychological Society, Beattie was awarded the Spearman Medal by the BPS in 1984...

  • Richard Bentall
    Richard Bentall
    Richard Bentall is currently appointed as a Chair of Clinical Psychology at the University of Bangor in Wales, UK and is a Chartered Clinical Psychologist. Born in Sheffield, he attended the University College of North Wales, Bangor as an undergraduate before registering for a Ph.D. in...

  • Larry E. Beutler
    Larry E. Beutler
    Dr. Larry E. Beutler, PhD, ABPP is a clinical psychologist.-Biography:Dr. Beutler received his PhD from the University of Nebraska and subsequently served on the faculties of Duke University Medical Center, Stephen F. Austin State University, Baylor College of Medicine, the University of Arizona...

     (Systematic Treatment Selection)
  • Alfred Binet
    Alfred Binet
    Alfred Binet was a French psychologist who was the inventor of the first usable intelligence test, known at that time as the Binet test and today referred to as the IQ test. His principal goal was to identify students who needed special help in coping with the school curriculum...

  • Robert Bjork
    Robert A. Bjork
    Robert Allen Bjork is Distinguished Professor of Psychology at the University of California, Los Angeles. His research focuses on human learning and memory and on the implications of the science of learning for instruction and training...

  • Theodore H. Blau
    Theodore H. Blau
    Theodore H. Blau was a noted clinical, police and forensic psychologist who was the first clinician in independent practice to be elected president of the American Psychological Association in 1977. He was a prolific writer and wrote, among other books and articles, a well known book on...

     (first practising clinician elected president of APA
    American Psychological Association
    The American Psychological Association is the largest scientific and professional organization of psychologists in the United States. It is the world's largest association of psychologists with around 154,000 members including scientists, educators, clinicians, consultants and students. The APA...

  • Stephen F. Blinkhorn
    Steve Blinkhorn
    Stephen F. Blinkhorn is a British occupational psychologist and psychometrician , who continues to contribute to psychology and psychometric testing....

  • Edmund Bourne
    Edmund Bourne
    Edmund J. Bourne, PH.D. is an American self-help author, psychologist and researcher on anxiety, anxiety disorders and the treatment of anxiety disorders. He was the director of The Anxiety and Treatment Center in San Jose and Santa Rosa, California...

  • Gordon H. Bower
    Gordon H. Bower
    Gordon H. Bower is a cognitive psychologist studying human memory, language comprehension, emotion, and behavior modification. He received his Ph.D. in learning theory from Yale University in 1959. He currently holds the A. R. Lang Emeritus Professorship at Stanford University...

  • John Bowlby
    John Bowlby
    Edward John Mostyn "John" Bowlby was a British psychologist, psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, notable for his interest in child development and for his pioneering work in attachment theory.- Family background :...

     (founder of attachment theory
    Attachment theory
    Attachment theory describes the dynamics of long-term relationships between humans. Its most important tenet is that an infant needs to develop a relationship with at least one primary caregiver for social and emotional development to occur normally. Attachment theory is an interdisciplinary study...

  • Nathaniel Branden
    Nathaniel Branden
    Nathaniel Branden, né Nathan Blumenthal , is a psychotherapist and writer best known today for his work in the psychology of self-esteem from a humanistic perspective...

  • Charles Brewer
  • Carl Brigham
    Carl Brigham
    Carl Campbell Brigham was a professor of psychology at Princeton University's Department of Psychology and pioneer in the field of psychometrics. His early writings influenced the eugenics movement and anti-immigration legislation in the United States, but he later disowned these views...

  • Urie Bronfenbrenner
    Urie Bronfenbrenner
    Urie Bronfenbrenner was a Russian American psychologist, known for developing his Ecological Systems Theory, and as a co-founder of the Head Start program in the United States for disadvantaged pre-school children....

     (Ecological Systems Theory
    Ecological Systems Theory
    Ecological systems theory, also called development in context or human ecology theory, specifies four types of nested environmental systems, with bi-directional influences within and between the systems.- Overview :...

  • Jerome Bruner
    Jerome Bruner
    Jerome Seymour Bruner is an American psychologist who has contributed to cognitive psychology and cognitive learning theory in educational psychology, as well as to history and to the general philosophy of education. Bruner is currently a senior research fellow at the New York University School...

  • Emily Bushnell
    Emily Bushnell
    Emily W. Bushnell is a professor of psychology at Tufts University in Medford, Massachusetts, USA. Her areas of professional interest include child development, infant perception, haptic perception and acquisition of perceptual-motor skills...

  • David Buss
    David Buss
    David M. Buss is a professor of psychology at The University of Texas at Austin, known for his evolutionary psychology research on human sex differences in mate selection.-Biography:...

  • Brian Butterworth
    Brian Butterworth
    Brian Butterworth is a professor of cognitive neuropsychology in the Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience at University College London. His research has ranged from speech errors and pauses, short-term memory deficits, dyslexia, reading both in alphabetic scripts and logograms, and mathematics and...

  • Ruth M. J. Byrne
    Ruth M. J. Byrne
    Ruth M.J.Byrne FTCD, MRIA, was born in Dublin, Ireland. She is a cognitive scientist and author of several books on human reasoning, including Deduction , Human Reasoning , and .She is currently Professor of Cognitive Science, in the Institute of...


  • Mary Whiton Calkins
    Mary Whiton Calkins
    -Early life:Mary Whiton Calkins was born on March 30, 1863 in Hartford, Connecticut; she was the eldest of five children. She moved to Massachusetts in 1880 with her family to live for the rest of her life; this is also where she began her education. In 1882, Calkins entered into Smith College as...

  • Donald T. Campbell
    Donald T. Campbell
    Donald Thomas Campbell was an American social scientist. He is noted for his work in methodology. He coined the term "evolutionary epistemology" and developed a selectionist theory of human creativity.- Biography :...

  • James Cattell
    James McKeen Cattell
    James McKeen Cattell , American psychologist, was the first professor of psychology in the United States at the University of Pennsylvania and long-time editor and publisher of scientific journals and publications, most notably the journal Science...

     (helped establish psychology as a legitimate science)
  • Raymond Cattell
    Raymond Cattell
    Raymond Bernard Cattell was a British and American psychologist, known for his exploration of many areas in psychology...

     (Factor analysis
    Factor analysis
    Factor analysis is a statistical method used to describe variability among observed, correlated variables in terms of a potentially lower number of unobserved, uncorrelated variables called factors. In other words, it is possible, for example, that variations in three or four observed variables...

    , 16 Personality Factors
    16 Personality Factors
    The 16 Personality Factors, measured by the 16PF Questionnaire, were derived using factor-analysis by psychologist Raymond Cattell.Below is a table outlining this model.- Raymond Cattell's 16 Personality Factors :-Relationship to the Big Five:...

     and the Big Five
    Big Five personality traits
    In contemporary psychology, the "Big Five" factors of personality are five broad domains or dimensions of personality which are used to describe human personality....

    , Fluid versus crystallized intelligence
    Fluid and crystallized intelligence
    In psychology, fluid and crystallized intelligence are factors of general intelligence originally identified by Raymond Cattell...

  • Stephen J. Ceci
    Stephen J. Ceci
    Stephen J. Ceci is an American psychologist at Cornell University. He studies the accuracy of children's courtroom testimony , and he is an expert in the development of intelligence and memory...

     (leading intelligence and memory specialist)
  • Jean-Martin Charcot
    Jean-Martin Charcot
    Jean-Martin Charcot was a French neurologist and professor of anatomical pathology. He is known as "the founder of modern neurology" and is "associated with at least 15 medical eponyms", including Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis...

  • Nancy Chodorow
    Nancy Chodorow
    Nancy Julia Chodorow is a feminist sociologist and psychoanalyst. She has written a number of influential books, including The Reproduction of Mothering: Psychoanalysis and the Sociology of Gender ; Feminism and Psychoanalytic Theory ; Femininities, Masculinities, Sexualities: Freud and Beyond ;...

  • Noam Chomsky
    Noam Chomsky
    Avram Noam Chomsky is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, and activist. He is an Institute Professor and Professor in the Department of Linguistics & Philosophy at MIT, where he has worked for over 50 years. Chomsky has been described as the "father of modern linguistics" and...

  • Robert Cialdini
    Robert Cialdini
    Robert B. Cialdini is Regents’ Professor Emeritus of Psychology and Marketing at Arizona State University.He is best known for his popular book on persuasion and marketing, Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion. Influence has sold over 2 million copies and has been translated into twenty-six...

  • Lee Anna Clark
    Lee Anna Clark
    Lee Anna Clark is professor and collegiate fellow in the Department of Psychology at the University of Iowa in Iowa City, Iowa, USA. She is the director of clinical training in the Clinical Science Program. Prior to her appointment at the University of Iowa, she was a professor of psychology at...

  • Clyde Coombs
    Clyde Coombs
    Clyde Hamilton Coombs was an American psychologist specializing in the field of mathematical psychology. He devised a voting system, that was hence named Coombs' method....

  • Leda Cosmides
    Leda Cosmides
    Leda Cosmides, is an American psychologist, who, together with anthropologist husband John Tooby, helped develop the field of evolutionary psychology....

  • Catharine Cox
    Catharine Cox
    Catharine Morris Cox Miles was an American psychologist known for her work on intelligence and genius.Born in San Jose, CA, to Lydia Shipley Bean and Charles Ellwood Cox....

  • Lee Cronbach
    Lee Cronbach
    Lee Joseph Cronbach was an American educational psychologist who made significant contributions to psychological testing and measurement. Born in Fresno, California, Cronbach was selected as a child to participate in Lewis Terman's long-term study of talented children...

  • Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi
    Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi
    Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi is a Hungarian psychology professor, who emigrated to the United States at the age of 22. Now at Claremont Graduate University, he is the former head of the department of psychology at the University of Chicago and of the department of sociology and anthropology at Lake...


  • Martin Daly
    Martin Daly
    Martin Daly is a Professor of Psychology at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada and author of many influential papers on evolutionary psychology. Current research topics include an evolutionary perspective on risk-taking and interpersonal violence, especially male-male conflict and...

  • Martin Dannecker
    Martin Dannecker
    Martin Dannecker is a German sexologist and author.Dannecker was born in Oberndorf am Neckar. After his school, he studied Industriekaufmann, and later, he studied as an actor at a theatre school in Stuttgart. During this time, Dannecker came out and started to read literature on homosexuality...

  • John Darley
    John Darley
    John M. Darley is a distinguished American social psychologist, who has made contributions to the study of helping behaviour...

  • Daniel O David
  • Raymond Dean
    Raymond Dean
    Raymond S. Dean is the George and Frances Ball Distinguished Professor of Neuropsychology and professor of psychology at Ball State University.- Early history :...

      (for work as a neuropsychologist)
  • Randy Dellosa
    Randy Dellosa
    Randy Misael Sebastian Dellosa, popularly known as Doc Randy is a Filipino psychologist and psychiatrist.He is popularly known as the life coach-psychotherapist of Filipino celebrities and was the resident psychiatrist in the Pinoy Big Brother and Pinoy Dream Academy reality shows of ABS-CBN...

  • John Dewey
    John Dewey
    John Dewey was an American philosopher, psychologist and educational reformer whose ideas have been influential in education and social reform. Dewey was an important early developer of the philosophy of pragmatism and one of the founders of functional psychology...

  • Dietrich Doerner
  • Alan Downs
    Alan Downs
    Alan Downs Ph.D. is a clinical psychologist and author who is in private practice in Los Angeles, California. From 2007 until 2010, he was the CEO of Michael's House Treatment Center in Palm Springs, California where he continues to lead workshops for families and patients.- Background :Alan Downs...

  • Robin Dunbar
    Robin Dunbar
    Robin Ian MacDonald Dunbar is a British anthropologist and evolutionary psychologist and a specialist in primate behaviour. He is currently Professor of Evolutionary Anthropology and the Director of the Institute of Cognitive and Evolutionary Anthropology of the University of Oxford and the...

  • David F. Duncan
    David F. Duncan
    David F. Duncan, Dr. P.H. was born in Kansas City, Missouri on June 26, 1947. He is President of Duncan & Associates, a firm providing consultation on research design and data collection for behavioral and policy studies. He is also Clinical Associate Professor in the Department of Community Health...

  • Deutchemarc edwards D. Fleras


  • Hermann Ebbinghaus
    Hermann Ebbinghaus
    Hermann Ebbinghaus was a German psychologist who pioneered the experimental study of memory, and is known for his discovery of the forgetting curve and the spacing effect. He was also the first person to describe the learning curve...

  • Derek Edwards
    Derek Edwards
    Derek Edwards is a Canadian stand-up comedian and actor from Timmins, Ontario. He went to Timmins High and Vocational School.In 1995, he was the winner of the Vail National Comedy Invitational in Vail, Colorado. He is the only Canadian to date to have won this award. He won the 2004 Canadian...

  • Paul Ekman
    Paul Ekman
    Paul Ekman is a psychologist who has been a pioneer in the study of emotions and their relation to facial expressions. He has been considered one of the 100 most eminent psychologists of the twentieth century...

     (pioneer in the study of emotion
    Emotion is a complex psychophysiological experience of an individual's state of mind as interacting with biochemical and environmental influences. In humans, emotion fundamentally involves "physiological arousal, expressive behaviors, and conscious experience." Emotion is associated with mood,...

    s and their relation to facial expression
    Facial expression
    A facial expression one or more motions or positions of the muscles in the skin. These movements convey the emotional state of the individual to observers. Facial expressions are a form of nonverbal communication. They are a primary means of conveying social information among humans, but also occur...

  • Albert Ellis (founder of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy
    Rational emotive behavior therapy
    Rational emotive behavior therapy , previously called rational therapy and rational emotive therapy, is a comprehensive, active-directive, philosophically and empirically based psychotherapy which focuses on resolving emotional and behavioral problems and disturbances and enabling people to lead...

    , grandfather of cognitive-behavioral therapies)
  • Virgilio Enriquez
    Virgilio Enriquez
    Virgilio G. Enriquez is known as the Father of Filipino Psychology "Ama ng Sikolohiyang Pilipino", Pambansang Samahan sa Sikolohiyang Pilipino, a field he established in 1975....

     (founder of Filipino Psychology)
  • Erik H. Erikson (Erikson's stages of psychosocial development
    Erikson's stages of psychosocial development
    Erikson's stages of psychosocial development as articulated by Erik Erikson explain eight stages through which a healthily developing human should pass from infancy to late adulthood. In each stage the person confronts, and hopefully masters, new challenges. Each stage builds on the successful...

  • Milton H. Erickson
    Milton H. Erickson
    Milton Hyland Erickson, was an American psychiatrist specializing in medical hypnosis and family therapy...

  • John E. Exner
    John E. Exner
    John E. Exner, Jr. , born in Syracuse, New York, was an American psychologist. He received a BS and an MS degree in psychology from Trinity University and a PhD in clinical psychology from Cornell University in 1958...

  • Hans Eysenck
    Hans Eysenck
    Hans Jürgen Eysenck was a German-British psychologist who spent most of his career in Britain, best remembered for his work on intelligence and personality, though he worked in a wide range of areas...


  • Freitas-Magalhães
  • Norman Farberow
    Norman Farberow
    Dr. Norman L. Farberow , an American psychologist, is one of the founding fathers of modern suicidology. He was among the three founders in 1958 of the Los Angeles Suicide Prevention Center, which became a base of research into the causes and prevention of suicide.-Early life and education:He was...

  • Gustav Fechner
    Gustav Fechner
    Gustav Theodor Fechner , was a German experimental psychologist. An early pioneer in experimental psychology and founder of psychophysics, he inspired many 20th century scientists and philosophers...

     (founder of Psychophysics
    Psychophysics quantitatively investigates the relationship between physical stimuli and the sensations and perceptions they effect. Psychophysics has been described as "the scientific study of the relation between stimulus and sensation" or, more completely, as "the analysis of perceptual...

  • Leon Festinger (Cognitive dissonance
    Cognitive dissonance
    Cognitive dissonance is a discomfort caused by holding conflicting ideas simultaneously. The theory of cognitive dissonance proposes that people have a motivational drive to reduce dissonance. They do this by changing their attitudes, beliefs, and actions. Dissonance is also reduced by justifying,...

  • Susan Fiske
    Susan Fiske
    Susan Tufts Fiske is Eugene Higgins Professor of Psychology at Princeton University's Department of Psychology. She is a social psychologist known for her work on social cognition, stereotypes, and prejudice...

  • Edna B Foa
    Edna B Foa
    Edna Foa is an Israeli professor of clinical psychology at the University of Pennsylvania, where she serves as the Director of the Center for the Treatment and Study of Anxiety. Foa is an internationally renowned authority on the psychopathology and treatment of anxiety...

  • Viktor Frankl
    Viktor Frankl
    Viktor Emil Frankl M.D., Ph.D. was an Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist as well as a Holocaust survivor. Frankl was the founder of logotherapy, which is a form of Existential Analysis, the "Third Viennese School of Psychotherapy"...

  • Barbara Fredrickson
    Barbara Fredrickson
    Barbara L. Fredrickson is a professor in the department of Psychology at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where she is the Kenan Distinguished Professor of Psychology....

  • Anna Freud
    Anna Freud
    Anna Freud was the sixth and last child of Sigmund and Martha Freud. Born in Vienna, she followed the path of her father and contributed to the newly born field of psychoanalysis...

  • Erich Fromm
    Erich Fromm
    Erich Seligmann Fromm was a Jewish German-American social psychologist, psychoanalyst, sociologist, humanistic philosopher, and democratic socialist. He was associated with what became known as the Frankfurt School of critical theory.-Life:Erich Fromm was born on March 23, 1900, at Frankfurt am...

  • Adrian Furnham
    Adrian Furnham
    Adrian Furnham is a South African-born British organisational and applied psychologist, management expert and Professor of Psychology at University College London...


  • John Gabrieli
    John Gabrieli
    John Gabrieli is a neuroscientist at MIT, and an associate member of the McGovern Institute for Brain Research. He is a faculty member in the department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences and director of the Martinos Imaging Center, part of the McGovern Institute. Gabrieli is an expert on the brain...

  • Gordon G. Gallup
    Gordon G. Gallup
    Gordon G. Gallup, Jr. is a psychologist of the University at Albany's Psychology department, researching biopsychology. He received his Ph.D. from Washington State University in 1968, after which he joined the faculty of the Psychology Department at Tulane University...

    , Jr. (mirror self-recognition (MSR) test
    Mirror test
    The mirror test is a measure of self-awareness, as animals either possess or lack the ability to recognize themselves in a mirror.The test was developed by Gordon Gallup Jr. in 1970, based in part on observations made by Charles Darwin. While visiting a zoo, Darwin held a mirror up to an orangutan...

  • Francis Galton
    Francis Galton
    Sir Francis Galton /ˈfrɑːnsɪs ˈgɔːltn̩/ FRS , cousin of Douglas Strutt Galton, half-cousin of Charles Darwin, was an English Victorian polymath: anthropologist, eugenicist, tropical explorer, geographer, inventor, meteorologist, proto-geneticist, psychometrician, and statistician...

  • Riley Gardner
    Riley Gardner
    Dr. Riley W. Gardner , born in Ree Heights, South Dakota, was an American psychologist who published works on individual differences and cognition.-Early life and education:...

  • Elmer R. Gates
    Elmer R. Gates
    Elmer R. Gates , the son of Jacob and Phoebe Goetz, American scientist and inventor; born near Dayton, Ohio, died in Washington, D.C....

  • Bertram Gawronski
    Bertram Gawronski
    Bertram Gawronski is a Social Psychologist, Canada Research Chair in Social Psychology , and Professor of Psychology at The University of Western Ontario, Canada.-Biography:...

  • E. Scott Geller (Behavior-based safety
    Behavior-based safety
    Behavior-based safety is the "application of science of behavior change to real world problems". BBS "focuses on what people do, analyzes why they do it, and then applies a research-supported intervention strategy to improve what people do"...

  • Kenneth Gergen (social constructionism
    Social constructionism
    Social constructionism and social constructivism are sociological theories of knowledge that consider how social phenomena or objects of consciousness develop in social contexts. A social construction is a concept or practice that is the construct of a particular group...

  • J. J. Gibson
    J. J. Gibson
    James Jerome Gibson , was an American psychologist, born in McConnelsville, Ohio, who received his Ph.D. from Princeton University's Department of Psychology, and is considered one of the most important 20th century psychologists in the field of visual perception...

  • Gerd Gigerenzer
    Gerd Gigerenzer
    Gerd Gigerenzer is a German psychologist who has studied the use of bounded rationality and heuristics in decision making, especially in medicine...

     (bounded rationality
    Bounded rationality
    Bounded rationality is the idea that in decision making, rationality of individuals is limited by the information they have, the cognitive limitations of their minds, and the finite amount of time they have to make a decision...

  • Carol Gilligan
    Carol Gilligan
    Carol Gilligan is an American feminist, ethicist, and psychologist best known for her work with and against Lawrence Kohlberg on ethical community and ethical relationships, and certain subject-object problems in ethics. She is currently a Professor at New York University and a Visiting Professor...

  • Stan Gooch
    Stan Gooch
    Stan Gooch was a British psychologist and author who is probably best known as the proponent of a "hybrid-origin theory" of human evolution.-Total Man:...

  • Florence Goodenough
    Florence Goodenough
    Florence Laura Goodenough was an American psychologist and professor at the University of Minnesota who is noted for developing the Minnesota Preschool Scale and the Goodenough Draw-A-Man test . She wrote Handbook of Child Psychology in 1933, and she became president of the National Counsel of...

  • Elizabeth Gould
    Elizabeth Gould (psychologist)
    Elizabeth Gould is an American neuroscientist. She is a professor of psychology at Princeton University's Department of Psychology. She was one of the first to find evidence of adult neurogenesis in the hippocampus...

  • James Gross
    James Gross
    James J. Gross is a psychologist best known for his research in emotion and emotion regulation. He is currently a professor at Stanford University and the director of the Stanford Psychophysiology Laboratory.- Education :...

  • Robert Grosseteste
    Robert Grosseteste
    Robert Grosseteste or Grossetete was an English statesman, scholastic philosopher, theologian and Bishop of Lincoln. He was born of humble parents at Stradbroke in Suffolk. A.C...

  • Félix Guattari
    Félix Guattari
    Pierre-Félix Guattari was a French militant, an institutional psychotherapist, philosopher, and semiotician; he founded both schizoanalysis and ecosophy...

     (founder of Schizoanalysis
    Schizoanalysis was first introduced in 1972 by philosopher Gilles Deleuze and psychoanalyst Félix Guattari in their book Anti-Oedipus. Its formulation was continued in their follow-up work, A Thousand Plateaus...

  • J. P. Guilford
    J. P. Guilford
    Joy Paul Guilford was a US psychologist, best remembered for his psychometric study of human intelligence, including the important distinction between convergent and divergent production....


  • Chris Hatcher
    Chris Hatcher (psychologist)
    Chris Hatcher, Ph.D., was a clinical psychologist at the University of California at San Francisco who was an expert in police and forensic psychology. He dedicated his professional life to the study of violence and its prevention. He died unexpectedly at the age of 52.-Workplace violence:Dr...

  • Jay Haley
    Jay Haley
    Jay Douglas Haley was one of the founding figures of brief and family therapy in general and of the strategic model of psychotherapy, and he was one of the more accomplished teachers, clinical supervisors, and authors in these disciplines.-Life and works:Conceived in a log cabin on his family's...

  • G. Stanley Hall
    G. Stanley Hall
    Granville Stanley Hall was a pioneering American psychologist and educator. His interests focused on childhood development and evolutionary theory...

  • Robert Hare
    Robert Hare (psychologist)
    Robert D. Hare, C.M. , is a researcher in the field of criminal psychology. He developed the Psychopathy Checklist and Psychopathy Checklist Revised , used to diagnose cases of psychopathy and also useful in predicting the likelihood of violent behavior...

  • Harry Harlow
    Harry Harlow
    Harry Frederick Harlow was an American psychologist best known for his maternal-separation and social isolation experiments on rhesus monkeys, which demonstrated the importance of care-giving and companionship in social and cognitive development...

  • Steven C. Hayes
    Steven C. Hayes
    Steven C. Hayes is Nevada Foundation Professor at the Department of Psychology at the University of Nevada, Reno. He is known for an analysis of human language and cognition , and its application to various psychological difficulties .Hayes' work is somewhat controversial, and in 2006 was the...

  • Donald O. Hebb
    Donald Olding Hebb
    Donald Olding Hebb FRS was a Canadian psychologist who was influential in the area of neuropsychology, where he sought to understand how the function of neurons contributed to psychological processes such as learning...

  • Mark Healey
  • Fritz Heider
    Fritz Heider
    Fritz Heider was an Austrian psychologist whose work was related to the Gestalt school. In 1958 he published The Psychology of Interpersonal Relations, which expanded upon his creation of balance theory and marked the starting point of attribution theory...

  • Asgeir Helgason
    Asgeir Helgason
    Ásgeir R. Helgason is an Icelandic scientist working at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden. From 2002 an associate professor in psychology at the Departments of Oncology-Pathology and Public Health at the Karolinska Institutet and Reykjavik University, Iceland.He is best known for his population...

  • Hubert Hermans
    Hubert Hermans
    Hubert J.M. Hermans is a Dutch psychologist and Emeritus Professor at the Catholic University of Nijmegen, internationally known as the creator of Dialogical self theory.- Biography :...

  • Richard Herrnstein
    Richard Herrnstein
    Richard J. Herrnstein was an American researcher in animal learning in the Skinnerian tradition. He was one of the founders of quantitative analysis of behavior....

  • Margie Holmes
    Margie Holmes
    Margarita Go-Singco Holmes, popularly known as Dr. Margie Holmes, is a popular psychologist specializing in sex therapy in the Philippines.-Education:...

  • Edwin Holt
    Edwin Holt
    Edwin Bissell Holt was a professor of philosophy and psychology at Harvard from 1901–1918. From 1926–1936 he was a visiting professor of psychology at Princeton University....

  • Keith Holyoak
    Keith Holyoak
    Keith James Holyoak is a researcher in cognitive psychology and cognitive science, working on human thinking and reasoning. Holyoak's work focuses on the role of analogy in thinking...

  • Lara Honos-Webb
    Lara Honos-Webb
    Lara Honos-Webb, Ph.D., is the author of several books on ADHD. She is a practicing clinical psychologist, licensed in California. She is well known for her distinctive reframing of mental illnesses that are commonly conceived as detrimental, into gifts that offer exceptional strengths. She is...

  • Karen Horney
    Karen Horney
    Karen Horney born Danielsen was a German-American psychoanalyst. Her theories questioned some traditional Freudian views, particularly his theory of sexuality, as well as the instinct orientation of psychoanalysis and its genetic psychology...

  • Clark L. Hull
    Clark L. Hull
    Clark Leonard Hull was an influential American psychologist who sought to explain learning and motivation by scientific laws of behavior. Born in Akron, New York, Hull obtained bachelor's and master's degrees from the University of Michigan, and in 1918 a PhD from the University of...

  • Nicholas Humphrey
    Nicholas Humphrey
    Professor Nicholas Keynes Humphrey is an English psychologist, based in Cambridge, who is known for his work on the evolution of human intelligence and consciousness. His interests are wide ranging...

  • Edwin Hutchins
    Edwin Hutchins
    Edwin Hutchins is a professor and former department head of cognitive science at the University of California, San Diego. Hutchins is one of the main developers of distributed cognition....


  • William James
    William James
    William James was a pioneering American psychologist and philosopher who was trained as a physician. He wrote influential books on the young science of psychology, educational psychology, psychology of religious experience and mysticism, and on the philosophy of pragmatism...

     (pioneering psychologist, James-Lange theory
    James-Lange theory
    The James–Lange theory refers to a hypothesis on the origin and nature of emotions and is one of the earliest theories of emotion, developed independently by two 19th-century scholars, William James and Carl Lange.-Overview:...

     of emotion, Psychology of religion
    Psychology of religion
    Psychology of religion consists of the application of psychological methods and interpretive frameworks to religious traditions, as well as to both religious and irreligious individuals. The science attempts to accurately describe the details, origins, and uses of religious beliefs and behaviours...

  • Marie Jahoda
    Marie Jahoda
    Marie Jahoda was an Austrian- British social psychologist.-Biography:Jahoda was born in Vienna, Austria to a Jewish family, and like many other psychologists of her time, grew up in Austria where political oppression against socialists was rampant henceforward Dollfuß claimed power...

  • Kay Redfield Jamison
    Kay Redfield Jamison
    Kay Redfield Jamison is an American clinical psychologist and writer whose work has centered on bipolar disorder which she has suffered from since her early adulthood...

  • Julian Jaynes
    Julian Jaynes
    Julian Jaynes was an American psychologist, best known for his book The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind , in which he argued that ancient peoples were not conscious....

  • Arthur Jensen
    Arthur Jensen
    Arthur Robert Jensen is a Professor Emeritus of educational psychology at the University of California, Berkeley. Jensen is known for his work in psychometrics and differential psychology, which is concerned with how and why individuals differ behaviorally from one another.He is a major proponent...

  • Marcia K. Johnson
    Marcia K. Johnson
    Marcia K. Johnson is a Sterling Professor of Psychology at Yale University. She received her Ph.D. in 1971 from University of California, Berkeley...

  • Philip Johnson-Laird
    Philip Johnson-Laird
    Philip Johnson-Laird is a professor at Princeton University's Department of Psychology and author of several notable books on human cognition and the psychology of reasoning....

  • Ernest Jones
    Ernest Jones
    Alfred Ernest Jones was a British neurologist and psychoanalyst, and Sigmund Freud’s official biographer. Jones was the first English-speaking practitioner of psychoanalysis and became its leading exponent in the English-speaking world where, as President of both the British Psycho-Analytical...

  • Mary Cover Jones
    Mary Cover Jones
    Mary Cover Jones was born in Johnstown, Pennsylvania. Within psychology, a scientific field dominated throughout much of the 20th century by male scientists, Mary Cover Jones stands out as a pioneer of behavior therapy—Joseph Wolpe dubbed her "the mother of behavior therapy"...

  • Carl Gustav Jung


  • Jerome Kagan
    Jerome Kagan
    Jerome Kagan was born in 1929, and grew up in Rahway, New Jersey, USA. Kagan is currently retired after being a professor at Harvard University in the Developmental program . He is one of the key pioneers of developmental psychology. He is Daniel and Amy Starch Research Professor of Psychology,...

  • Daniel Kahneman
    Daniel Kahneman
    Daniel Kahneman is an Israeli-American psychologist and Nobel laureate. He is notable for his work on the psychology of judgment and decision-making, behavioral economics and hedonic psychology....

     (Nobel Prize in Economics, notable in behavioral finance and hedonic psychology)
  • Mieko Kamiya
    Mieko Kamiya
    was a Japanese psychiatrist who treated leprosy patients at Nagashima Aiseien Sanatorium. She was known for the translation of books on philosophy. She worked as a medical doctor in the Department of Psychiatry at Tokyo University following World War II...

  • Jacob Robert Kantor (organized scientific values into a coherent system of psychology)
  • Alan S. Kaufman
    Alan S. Kaufman
    Alan S. Kaufman is an American psychology professor known for his work on intelligence testing.- Early life and career :Born in Brooklyn and raised on Long Island, Kaufman earned his bachelor's degree from the University of Pennsylvania in 1965; M.A. in Educational Psychology from Columbia...

  • Nadeen L. Kaufman
    Nadeen L. Kaufman
    Nadeen L. Kaufman is an American psychology professor known for her work on learning disability.Born in Brooklyn and raised on Long Island, she earned a bachelor of science in Education from Hofstra University in 1965; master's degree in Educational Psychology from Columbia University in 1972; Ed.M...

  • George Kelly
    George Kelly (psychologist)
    George Kelly or George Kelley was an American psychologist, therapist and educator. He was best known for developing Personal Construct Psychology.- Biography :...

  • Harold Kelley
    Harold Kelley
    Harold Kelley was an American social psychologist and professor of psychology at the University of California, Los Angeles...

  • Otto F. Kernberg
    Otto F. Kernberg
    Otto Friedmann Kernberg is a psychoanalyst and professor of psychiatry at Weill Cornell Medical College. He is most widely known for his psychoanalytic theories on borderline personality organization and narcissistic pathology...

  • Doreen Kimura
    Doreen Kimura
    Doreen Kimura is a professor at Simon Fraser University. She holds a PhD in psychobiology. Among other interests, her interests include the relationship between sex and cognition and promoting academic freedom; she is the founding president of the .While some criticized Lawrence Summers' claims...

  • Akiyoshi Kitaoka
    Akiyoshi Kitaoka
    is a Professor of Psychology at the College of Letters, Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto, Japan.Kitaoka was born in Kochi, Japan. In 1984, he received a BSc from the Department of Biology, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan, where he studied animal psychology and neuronal activity of the...

  • Melanie Klein
    Melanie Klein
    Melanie Reizes Klein was an Austrian-born British psychoanalyst who devised novel therapeutic techniques for children that had an impact on child psychology and contemporary psychoanalysis...

  • Brian Knutson
    Brian Knutson
    Brian Knutson is currently an Associate Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience at Stanford University and director of the Symbiotic Project on Affective Neuroscience...

  • Kurt Koffka
    Kurt Koffka
    Kurt Koffka was a German psychologist. He was born and educated in Berlin and earned his PhD there in 1909 as a student of Carl Stumpf...

     (co-founder of Gestalt psychology
    Gestalt psychology
    Gestalt psychology or gestaltism is a theory of mind and brain of the Berlin School; the operational principle of gestalt psychology is that the brain is holistic, parallel, and analog, with self-organizing tendencies...

  • Wolfgang Köhler
    Wolfgang Köhler
    Wolfgang Köhler was a German psychologist and phenomenologist who, like Max Wertheimer, and Kurt Koffka, contributed to the creation of Gestalt psychology.-Early life:...

     (co-founder of Gestalt psychology
    Gestalt psychology
    Gestalt psychology or gestaltism is a theory of mind and brain of the Berlin School; the operational principle of gestalt psychology is that the brain is holistic, parallel, and analog, with self-organizing tendencies...

  • Lawrence Kohlberg
    Lawrence Kohlberg
    Lawrence Kohlberg was a Jewish American psychologist born in Bronxville, New York, who served as a professor at the University of Chicago, as well as Harvard University. Having specialized in research on moral education and reasoning, he is best known for his theory of stages of moral development...

     (primary figure in moral psychology
    Kohlberg's stages of moral development
    Lawrence Kohlberg's stages of moral development constitute an adaptation of a psychological theory originally conceived of by the Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget...

  • Heinz Kohut
    Heinz Kohut
    Heinz Kohut was an Austrian-born American psychoanalyst best known for his development of Self psychology, an influential school of thought within psychodynamic/psychoanalytic theory which helped transform the modern practice of analytic and dynamic treatment approaches.-Early life:Kohut was born...

  • Stephen Kosslyn
    Stephen Kosslyn
    Stephen Michael Kosslyn is an American psychologist who specializes in the fields of cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience. Until 31 December 2010 he was John Lindsley Professor of Psychology in Memory of William James and Dean of Social Science at Harvard University, having previously...

  • Elizabeth Kübler-Ross
  • Fritz Künkel
    Fritz Künkel
    Fritz Künkel was known both as a German psychiatrist and an American psychologist. He might best be understood as a social scientist who sought to integrate psychology , sociology and religion into a unified theory of human being...



  • Jacques Lacan
    Jacques Lacan
    Jacques Marie Émile Lacan was a French psychoanalyst and psychiatrist who made prominent contributions to psychoanalysis and philosophy, and has been called "the most controversial psycho-analyst since Freud". Giving yearly seminars in Paris from 1953 to 1981, Lacan influenced France's...

  • George Trumbull Ladd
    George Trumbull Ladd
    George Trumbull Ladd was an American philosopher, educator and psychologist.-Early life and ancestors:...

  • Ellen Langer
    Ellen Langer
    Ellen Jane Langer is professor of psychology at Harvard University who has studied the illusion of control, decision making, aging and mindfulness theory.-Biography:...

  • Jan van der Lans
    Jan van der Lans
    Johannes Maria van der Lans was a Dutch professor in the psychology of religion at the Catholic University of Nijmegen .-Education:...

  • Karl Lashley
    Karl Lashley
    -External links:*...

  • Bibb Latane
    Bibb Latané
    Bibb Latané is a United States social psychologist. He is probably most famous for his work with John Darley on bystander intervention in emergencies, but he has also published many articles on social attraction in animals, social loafing in groups, and the spread of social influence in populations...

  • Jan Lauwereyns
    Jan Lauwereyns
    Jan Lauwereyns , full name Johan Marc José Lauwereyns, is a poet, essayist, and scientist. As a cognitive neuroscientist, he specializes in the voluntary control of attention and decision making. He has published articles in journals such as Nature, Neuron, and Trends in Cognitive Sciences, and the...

  • Richard Lazarus
    Richard Lazarus
    Richard S. Lazarus was a psychologist who began rising to prominence in the 1960s, when behaviorists like B. F. Skinner held sway over psychology and explanations for human behavior were often pared down to rudimentary motives like reward and punishment...

  • Mark Lepper
    Mark Lepper
    Mark R. Lepper is the Albert Ray Lang Professor of psychology at Stanford University, and a leading theorist in social psychology...

  • Kurt Lewin
    Kurt Lewin
    Kurt Zadek Lewin was a German-American psychologist, known as one of the modern pioneers of social, organizational, and applied psychology....

     (pioneer of modern social psychology)
  • David Lewis
    David Lewis (psychologist)
    Dr David Lewis, a French-born neuropsychologist, is founder and Director at the independent research consultancy Mindlab International based at the University of Sussex. Additionally, he is a chartered Psychologist, a best selling author and International Lecturer...

  • Rensis Likert
    Rensis Likert
    Rensis Likert was an American educator and organizational psychologist best known for his research on management styles...

     (developed the Likert Scale
    Likert scale
    A Likert scale is a psychometric scale commonly involved in research that employs questionnaires. It is the most widely used approach to scaling responses in survey research, such that the term is often used interchangeably with rating scale, or more accurately the Likert-type scale, even though...

  • Marsha M. Linehan
    Marsha M. Linehan
    Marsha M. Linehan is an American psychologist and author. Linehan is a Professor of Psychology, Adjunct Professor of Psychiatry and BehavioralSciences at the University of Washington and Director of the Behavioral Research and TherapyClinics...

  • Elizabeth Loftus
    Elizabeth Loftus
    Elizabeth F. Loftus is an American psychologist and expert on human memory. She has conducted extensive research on the misinformation effect and the nature of false memories. Loftus has been recognized throughout the world for her work, receiving numerous awards and honorary degrees...

  • Konrad Lorenz
    Konrad Lorenz
    Konrad Zacharias Lorenz was an Austrian zoologist, ethologist, and ornithologist. He shared the 1973 Nobel Prize with Nikolaas Tinbergen and Karl von Frisch...

  • Barry Lubetkin
    Barry Lubetkin
    Dr Barry Lubetkin is the Director and founder of The Institute For Behavior Therapy in New York City. He is Board certified in both Clinical Psychology and Behavioral Psychology. He is the author of numerous academic and popular articles as well as two popular self help books: "Bailing Out"and...

  • Alexander Romanovich Luria/Lurija
    Alexander Luria
    Alexander Romanovich Luria was a famous Soviet neuropsychologist and developmental psychologist. He was one of the founders of neuropsychology and the jointly led the Vygotsky Circle.- Biography :...

  • Bernard Luskin


  • Margaret Mahler
    Margaret Mahler
    Margaret Schönberger Mahler was a Hungarian physician, who later became interested in psychiatry. She was a central figure on the world stage of psychoanalysis...

  • George Mandler
    George Mandler
    George Mandler is Distinguished Professor of Psychology Emeritus at the University of California, San Diego.Mandler was born in Vienna on 11 June 1924. He received his B.S. from New York University and his Ph. D. degree from Yale University in 1953. He served in the U.S. Army Military Intelligence...

  • Jean Matter Mandler
    Jean Matter Mandler
    Jean Matter Mandler is Distinguished Research Professor of Cognitive Science at the University of California, San Diego and Visiting Professor at University College London....

  • James G. March
    James G. March
    James Gardner March is Jack Steele Parker professor emeritus at Stanford University and the Stanford University School of Education, best known for his research on organizations and organizational decision making.- Biography :...

     (cognitive organizational psychologist)
  • Ruth Marshall
    Ruth Marshall
    Ruth Marshall is a Canadian actress from Toronto, Ontario. She is best known for her role in the hit television series Flashpoint. She graduated with a degree in English from McGill University in Montreal, Quebec and then returned to Toronto to pursue a career in acting.She has appeared the...

  • Karl Marx
    Karl Marx
    Karl Heinrich Marx was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, historian, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. His ideas played a significant role in the development of social science and the socialist political movement...

  • Abraham Maslow
    Abraham Maslow
    Abraham Harold Maslow was an American professor of psychology at Brandeis University, Brooklyn College, New School for Social Research and Columbia University who created Maslow's hierarchy of needs...

     (Maslow's hierarchy of needs
    Maslow's hierarchy of needs
    Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology, proposed by Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper A Theory of Human Motivation. Maslow subsequently extended the idea to include his observations of humans' innate curiosity...

  • William Masters and Virginia Johnson (physicians and sexologists)
  • Rollo May
    Rollo May
    Rollo May was an American existential psychologist. He authored the influential book Love and Will during 1969. He is often associated with both humanistic psychology and existentialist philosophy. May was a close friend of the theologian Paul Tillich...

  • Rufus May
    Rufus May
    Rufus May is a British clinical psychologist best known for using his own experiences of being a psychiatric patient to promote alternative recovery approaches for those experiencing psychotic symptoms...

  • David McClelland
    David McClelland
    David C. McClelland was an American psychological theorist. Noted for his work on need theory, he published a number of works from the 1950s until the 1990s and developed new scoring systems for the Thematic Apperception Test and its descendants...

  • James McClelland
  • William McDougall
    William McDougall (psychologist)
    William McDougall FRS was an early twentieth century psychologist who spent the first part of his career in the United Kingdom and the latter part in the United States...

  • Patrick J McGrath
    Patrick McGrath (psychologist)
    Patrick J. McGrath, OC, FRSC is a Canadian psychologist. He is professor of psychology at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia and at the IWK Health Centre where he co-directs the Centre for Pediatric Pain Research and is director of the Centre for Family Health Research. He has published...

  • Phil McGraw
    Phil McGraw
    Phillip Calvin McGraw best known as Dr. Phil, is an American television personality, author, former psychologist, and the host of the television show Dr. Phil, which debuted in 2002...

  • Peter McGuffin
    Peter McGuffin
    Peter McGuffin is a psychiatric geneticist from Belfast, Northern Ireland.After emigrating with his parents at aged 10 to the Isle of Wight, he first decided that he wanted to be a psychiatrist at the age of 16 after coming across Freud’s Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis, in a local public...

  • David McNeill (Chicago psychologist)
    David McNeill (Chicago psychologist)
    Professor David McNeill is an American psychologist and writer specializing in scientific research into psycholinguistics and especially the relationship of language to thought, and the gestures that accompany discourse....

  • Jacques Mehler
    Jacques Mehler
    Born in Barcelona in 1936, Jacques Mehler is an influential cognitive psychologist specializing in language acquisition.Mehler studied in the 1960s at Harvard University, at the time of the cognitive revolution, where he worked with George A. Miller...

  • Ronald Melzack
    Ronald Melzack
    Ronald Melzack, is a Canadian psychologist.After studying for his Ph.D. in 1954 with D. O. Hebb at McGill University in Montreal, he began to work with patients who suffered from "phantom limb" pain — people who feel pain in an arm or leg that has been removed...

  • Wolfgang Metzger
    Wolfgang Metzger
    Wolfgang Metzger is considered one of the main representatives of Gestalt psychology in Germany....

  • David E. Meyer
    David E. Meyer
    David E. Meyer is a Professor at the University of Michigan, where he is currently the Chair of the Cognition and Cognitive Neuroscience area of the Psychology Department. He received a B.A. in Psychology from Wittenberg University in 1964. He received an M.A. in Mathematics in 1966 and a Ph.D...

  • Stanley Milgram
    Stanley Milgram
    Stanley Milgram was an American social psychologist most notable for his controversial study known as the Milgram Experiment. The study was conducted in the 1960s during Milgram's professorship at Yale...

  • Alice Miller
    Alice Miller (psychologist)
    Alice Miller née Rostovski was a psychologist and world renowned author, who is noted for her books on child abuse by their own parents, translated in several languages...

  • Munesuke Mita
    Munesuke Mita
    -Biography:After graduating from the University of Tokyo in 1960, Mita entered that university's graduate school where he completed the coursework for a doctorate....

  • George A. Miller
  • Neal E. Miller (instrumental in the development of biofeedback
    Biofeedback is the process of becoming aware of various physiological functions using instruments that provide information on the activity of those same systems, with a goal of being able to manipulate them at will...

  • Brenda Milner
    Brenda Milner
    Brenda Milner, is a Canadian neuroscientist who has contributed extensively to the research literature on various topics in the field of clinical neuropsychology. -Biography:...

  • Mohan Kumar Raja[Visual defect and effect on cognitive Connectivity]
  • Arnold Mindell
    Arnold Mindell
    Arnold Mindell is an American psychotherapist, writer and the founder of Process Oriented Psychology, living in Portland, Oregon. He has written 19 books that have been published in 20 languages.-Career:...

     (founder of Process Oriented Psychology
    Process Oriented Psychology
    Process oriented psychology refers to a body of theory and practice that encompasses a broad range of psychotherapeutic, personal growth, and group process applications. It is more commonly called "process work" in the United States, the longer name being used in Europe and Asia...

  • Walter Mischel
    Walter Mischel
    Walter Mischel is an American psychologist specializing in personality theory and social psychology. He is the Robert Johnston Niven Professor of Humane Letters in the Department of Psychology at Columbia University.-Early life:...

  • Jacob L. Moreno
    Jacob L. Moreno
    Jacob Levy Moreno was a Jewish Romanian-born Austrian-American leading psychiatrist and psychosociologist, thinker and educator, the founder of psychodrama, and the foremost pioneer of group psychotherapy...

     (founder of Psychodrama
    Psychodrama is a method of psychotherapy in which clients utilize spontaneous dramatization, role playing and dramatic self-presentation to investigate and gain insight into their lives. Developed by Jacob L. Moreno, M.D. psychodrama includes elements of theater, often conducted on a stage where...

  • C. Lloyd Morgan
    C. Lloyd Morgan
    Conwy Lloyd Morgan, FRS was a British psychologist. He is best remembered for the experimental approach to animal psychology now known as "Morgan's canon"....

     (noted for his canon
    Morgan's Canon
    Coined by 19th-century British psychologist C. Lloyd Morgan, Morgan's Canon remains a fundamental precept of comparative psychology...

  • John Morton
    John Morton (scientist)
    John Morton OBE, FRS was the director of the now defunct Medical Research Council Cognitive Development Unit at University College London. He is at present a professor at the Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience....

  • Orval Hobart Mowrer
    Orval Hobart Mowrer
    Orval Hobart Mowrer was an American born psychologist and professor of psychology at the University of Illinois from 1948 to 1975 known for his research on behaviour therapy. Mowrer practiced psychotherapy in Champaign-Urbana and at Galesburg State Research Hospital. In 1954 Mowrer held the...

  • Hugo Munsterberg
    Hugo Münsterberg
    Hugo Münsterberg was a German-American psychologist. He was one of the pioneers in applied psychology, extending his research and theories to Industrial/Organizational , legal, medical, clinical, educational and business settings. Münsterberg encountered immense turmoil with the outbreak of the...


  • Ulric Neisser
    Ulric Neisser
    Ulric Neisser is an American psychologist and member of the National Academy of Sciences. He is a faculty member at Cornell University. In 1995, he headed an American Psychological Association task force that reviewed The Bell Curve and related controversies in the study of intelligence. The task...

  • Alexander Sutherland Neill
  • Erich Neumann
    Erich Neumann (psychologist)
    Erich Neumann , was a psychologist, writer, and one of Carl Jung's most gifted students.-Career:Neumann was born in Berlin. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Berlin in 1927. He later moved to Tel Aviv. For many years, he regularly returned to Zürich, Switzerland to give lectures at the...

  • Richard Nisbett
  • Donald Norman
    Donald Norman
    Donald Arthur Norman is an academic in the field of cognitive science, design and usability engineering and a co-founder and consultant with the Nielsen Norman Group. He is the author of the book The Design of Everyday Things....

  • Kent Norman
    Kent Norman
    Kent L. Norman is an American cognitive psychologist and an expert on Computer Rage. He graduated from Southern Methodist University in 1969 and earned a Ph.D...


  • Nick Petrovic
    Nick Petrovic
    Nick Petrovic is a well known psychologist and researcher, with a background in psychological profiling, personality profiling, child psychology and personality disorders...

     (founder of Mind Profile Clinic)
  • Allan Paivio
    Allan Paivio
    Allan Urho Paivio is an emeritus professor of psychology at the University of Western Ontario. He earned his Ph.D. from McGill University in 1959 and taught at the University of Western Ontario from 1963 until his retirement.-Early life:...

  • Linda Papadopoulos
    Linda Papadopoulos
    Linda Papadopoulos is a Cypriot-Canadian psychologist based in England. She is the author of numerous academic texts such as "Psychodermatology", "Becoming a Therapist", "Psychological Approaches to Dermatology" and several popular psychology texts including The Man Manual, "What Men Say what...

  • Gordon Parker
    Gordon Parker
    Gordon Parker is Scientia Professor of Psychiatry at the University of New South Wales, specializing in clinical research in mental health in particular depression & bipolar disorder....

  • Ivan Pavlov
    Ivan Pavlov
    Ivan Petrovich Pavlov was a famous Russian physiologist. Although he made significant contributions to psychology, he was not in fact a psychologist himself but was a mathematician and actually had strong distaste for the field....

  • Fritz Perls
    Fritz Perls
    Friedrich Salomon Perls , better known as Fritz Perls, was a noted German-born psychiatrist and psychotherapist of Jewish descent....

  • Christopher Peterson
  • Jean Piaget
    Jean Piaget
    Jean Piaget was a French-speaking Swiss developmental psychologist and philosopher known for his epistemological studies with children. His theory of cognitive development and epistemological view are together called "genetic epistemology"....

     (founder of Piagetian psychology
    Theory of cognitive development
    Piaget's theory of cognitive development is a comprehensive theory about the nature and development of human intelligence first developed by Jean Piaget. It is primarily known as a developmental stage theory, but in fact, it deals with the nature of knowledge itself and how humans come gradually to...

     and genetic epistemology
    Genetic epistemology
    Genetic epistemology is a study of the origins of knowledge . The discipline was established by Jean Piaget.The goal of genetic epistemology is to link the validity of knowledge to the model of its construction. In other words, it shows that the method in which the knowledge was obtained/created...

  • Steven Pinker
    Steven Pinker
    Steven Arthur Pinker is a Canadian-American experimental psychologist, cognitive scientist, linguist and popular science author...

  • Robert Plomin
    Robert Plomin
    Robert Plomin is an American psychologist best known for his work in twin studies and behavior genetics. Plomin has made two of the most important discoveries in that field. First, he has shown the importance of non-shared environment, a term that he coined to refer to the environmental reasons...

  • Michael Posner
    Michael Posner (psychologist)
    Michael I. Posner is the editor of numerous cognitive and neuroscience compilations and is an eminent researcher in the field of attention...

  • Jonathan Potter
    Jonathan Potter
    Jonathan Potter is Professor of Discourse Analysis and, from February 2010, Head of the Department of Social Sciences, at Loughborough University and one of the originators of discursive psychology.-Life:...

  • James W. Prescott
    James W. Prescott
    James W. Prescott is an American developmental psychologist, whose research focused on the origins of violence, particularly as it relates to a lack of mother-child bonding....


  • Vilayanur S. Ramachandran
    Vilayanur S. Ramachandran
    Vilayanur Subramanian "Rama" Ramachandran, born 1951, is a neuroscientist known for his work in the fields of behavioral neurology and visual psychophysics...

  • Otto Rank
    Otto Rank
    Otto Rank was an Austrian psychoanalyst, writer, teacher and therapist. Born in Vienna as Otto Rosenfeld, he was one of Sigmund Freud's closest colleagues for 20 years, a prolific writer on psychoanalytic themes, an editor of the two most important analytic journals, managing director of Freud's...

  • Reimut Reiche
    Reimut Reiche
    Reimut Reiche is a German sociologist, sexologist, author and psychoanalyst.In his early years Reiche was an activist in Sozialistischer Deutscher Studentenbund and he became president of the SDS in 1966. He was also a member of the group Revolutionärer Kampf in Frankfurt.Reiche studied...

  • Ulf-Dietrich Reips
    Ulf-Dietrich Reips
    Prof. Dr. Ulf-Dietrich Reips is an IKERBASQUE research professor at University of Deusto in Bilbao, Spain. In his previous position he was an assistant professor and lecturer at the Psychology Department of the University of Zurich, Switzerland...

  • Daniel Reisberg
    Daniel Reisberg
    Daniel Reisberg is a professor and chair of the Psychology Department at Reed College in Portland, Oregon. His specialties are in cognitive psychology, especially issues of memory , judgement, and imagery. Reisberg earned his B.A...

  • Robert Remez
    Robert Remez
    Robert Remez is an American experimental psychologist, cognitive scientist, theoretician and teacher. He is currently a Professor of Psychology at Barnard College, Columbia University and Chair of the Columbia University Seminar on Language & Cognition . His teaching focuses on the relationships...

  • Samuel Renshaw
    Samuel Renshaw
    Samuel Renshaw was an American psychologist whose work became famous for a short period of time during World War II when he taught soldiers to identify enemy aircraft in a split second, using tachistoscopic training. He generally worked with fast-reading and enhancing the latent ability of the mind...

  • Cecil R. Reynolds
    Cecil R. Reynolds
    Cecil Randy Reynolds is an American psychology professor best known for his work in psychological testing and assessment.-Early life:...

  • Sylvia Rimm
    Sylvia Rimm
    Dr. Sylvia Barkan Rimm is an American psychologist specializing in parenting, child development and learning. She has written books on raising gifted children, success for girls, and communication skills....

  • Carl Rogers
    Carl Rogers
    Carl Ransom Rogers was an influential American psychologist and among the founders of the humanistic approach to psychology...

     (Person-centered therapy)
  • Eleanor Rosch
    Eleanor Rosch
    Eleanor Rosch is a professor of psychology at the University of California, Berkeley, specializing in cognitive psychology and primarily known for her work on categorization, in particular her prototype theory, which has profoundly influenced the field of cognitive psychology...

  • Paul Rosenfels
    Paul Rosenfels
    Paul Rosenfels, M.D. , was one of the first American social scientists to defend homosexuality in print as a valid lifestyle...

  • Robert Rosenthal
    Robert Rosenthal (psychologist)
    Robert Rosenthal is Distinguished Professor of Psychology at the University of California, Riverside. His interests include self-fulfilling prophecies, which he explored in a well-known study of the Pygmalion Effect: the effect of teachers' expectations on students.Rosenthal was born in Giessen,...

  • Barbara Rothbaum
    Barbara Rothbaum
    Barbara Rothbaum, Ph.D., is a psychologist at Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta, Georgia. She is a professor in the Psychiatry department.Dr. Rothbaum is head of the Trauma and Anxiety Recovery Program at Emory...

     (pioneer in the field of Virtual reality therapy
    Virtual reality therapy
    Virtual reality therapy , also known as virtual reality immersion therapy , or virtual reality exposure therapy , and as Computerised CBT , is a method of psychotherapy that uses virtual reality technology to treat patients with anxiety disorders and phobias where it has proven very effective. It...

  • John Rowan
  • Philip Rubin
    Philip Rubin
    Philip E. Rubin is an American cognitive scientist and technologist who since 2003 has been the Chief Executive Officer and a Senior Scientist at Haskins Laboratories in New Haven, Connecticut...

  • David Rumelhart
    David Rumelhart
    David Everett Rumelhart was an American psychologist who made many contributions to the formal analysis of human cognition, working primarily within the frameworks of mathematical psychology, symbolic artificial intelligence, and parallel distributed processing...

  • Hermann Rorschach
    Hermann Rorschach
    Hermann Rorschach was a Swiss Freudian psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, best known for developing a projective test known as the Rorschach inkblot test. This test was reportedly designed to reflect unconscious parts of the personality that "project" onto the stimuli...

     (created the famed Rorschach Test)
  • James C. Ronning  (known for his research on clinical hypnosis)


  • Hans Selye
    Hans Selye
    Hans Hugo Bruno Selye, CC was a pioneering endocrinologist. Selye did much important scientific work on the hypothetical non-specific response of an organism to stressors. While he did not recognize all of the many aspects of glucocorticoids, Selye was aware of their role in the stress response...

  • Eleanor Saffran
    Eleanor Saffran
    Eleanor M. Saffran was a researcher in the field of Cognitive Neuropsychology. Her interest in Neuropsychology began at the Baltimore City hospitals of Johns Hopkins University, where her research unit focussed on neurological patients with language or cognitive impairments. In papers published...

  • Tamaki Saitō
    Tamaki Saito
    is a Japanese psychologist. Saitō is Director of Medical Service at Sofukai Sasaki Hospital in Funabashi, Chiba.Saitō is notable for his study of hikikomori, a term he coined; he is internationally recognized as Japan's leading hikikomori expert....

  • Virginia Satir
    Virginia Satir
    Virginia Satir was an American author and psychotherapist, known especially for her approach to family therapy and her work with Systemic Constellations...

  • Shlomo Sawilowsky
    Shlomo Sawilowsky
    Shlomo S. Sawilowsky is professor of educational statistics and Distinguished Faculty Fellow at Wayne State University in Detroit, Michigan, where he has received teaching, mentoring, and research awards.- Academic career :...

     (Psychometrician, test of construct validity for the Multitrait-multimethod matrix
    Multitrait-multimethod matrix
    The multitrait-multimethod matrix is an approach to examining Construct Validity developed by Campbell and Fiske. There are six major considerations when examining a construct's validity through the MTMM matrix, which are as follows:...

  • Daniel Schacter
    Daniel Schacter
    Daniel Lawrence Schacter is an American psychologist. He is a Professor of Psychology at Harvard University. His research has focused on psychological and biological aspects of human memory and amnesia, with a particular emphasis on the distinction between conscious and nonconscious forms of...

  • Stanley Schachter (affiliation studies, Two-factor theory of emotion
    Two factor theory of emotion
    Schachter & Singer The two-factor theory of emotion, or Schachter–Singer theory, states that emotion is a function of both cognitive factors and physiological arousal...

  • Roy Schafer
    Roy Schafer
    Roy Schafer is an American psychologist and psychoanalyst, who has emphasised a psychoanalytic concept of narrative. For Schafer, an important purpose of the analytic process is that the analysand regains agency of her own story and of her own life...

  • K. Warner Schaie
    K. Warner Schaie
    K. Warner Schaie, Ph.D. is an American social gerontologist and psychologist best known for co-founding the Seattle Longitudinal Study in 1956....

  • Edgar Schein
    Edgar Schein
    Edgar Henry Schein , a former professor at the MIT Sloan School of Management, has made a notable mark on the field of organizational development in many areas, including career development, group process consultation, and organizational culture. He is generally credited with inventing the term...

  • Gunter Schmidt
    Gunter Schmidt
    Gunter Schmidt is a German sexologist, psychotherapist and social psychologist.Schmidt was director of the section for sexual research in the clinic of the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf...

  • Kirk Schneider (existential-integrative therapy)
  • Erich Schröger
    Erich Schröger
    Erich Schröger is a German psychologist and neuroscientist.-Biography:Schröger studied philosophy and psychology at Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich. In 1982 he earned a Baccalaureat in Philosophy; in 1986 he earned a Diploma in Psychology; and in 1991 he was awarded a PhD for his work on...

  • Walter Dill Scott
    Walter Dill Scott
    Walter Dill Scott was one of the first applied psychologists. He applied psychology to various business practices such as personnel selection and advertising.-Life:...

  • Martin Seligman
    Martin Seligman
    Martin E. P. "Marty" Seligman is an American psychologist, educator, and author of self-help books. His theory of "learned helplessness" is widely respected among scientific psychologists....

     (learned helplessness
    Learned helplessness
    Learned helplessness, as a technical term in animal psychology and related human psychology, means a condition of a human person or an animal in which it has learned to behave helplessly, even when the opportunity is restored for it to help itself by avoiding an unpleasant or harmful circumstance...

    , positive psychology
    Positive psychology
    Positive psychology is a recent branch of psychology whose purpose was summed up in 1998 by Martin Seligman and Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi: "We believe that a psychology of positive human functioning will arise, which achieves a scientific understanding and effective interventions to build thriving in...

  • Francine Shapiro
    Francine Shapiro
    Francine Shapiro, PhD, is an American psychologist who is the originator and developer of EMDR , a form of psychotherapy that was developed to resolve symptoms resulting from traumatic life experiences.In 1987 she observed, during a walk in a park, that moving her eyes seemed to reduce the stress...

     (founded EMDR)
  • Tamara Sher
    Tamara Sher
    Tamara Goldman Sher, Ph.D. is a licensed clinical psychologist and Vice President for Research at The Family Institute at Northwestern University. She is a leading researcher in the fields of Behavioral Medicine and Couples Therapy...

  • Sara Shettleworth
    Sara Shettleworth
    Sara Shettleworth is an American born, Canadian experimental psychologist and zoologist. Her research focusses on animal cognition. She is a professor of psychology and ecology and evolutionary biology at the University of Toronto....

  • Hunter B. Shirley
    Hunter B. Shirley
    Hunter B. Shirley was a longtime licensed clinical psychologist and a former Associate Professor at Wisconsin State University where he headed a psychological research laboratory devoted to evaluating the world's first analog model of the mind...

  • Morita Shoma
    Morita Shoma
    Morita Masatake , also read as Morita Shoma Morita Masatake (1874-1938), also read as Morita Shoma Morita Masatake (1874-1938), also read as Morita Shoma (1874 - 1938 (森田 正馬), was a contemporary of Sigmund Freud and the founder of Morita Therapy, a branch of clinical psychology strongly influenced...

  • Volkmar Sigusch
    Volkmar Sigusch
    Volkmar Sigusch is a German sexologist, physician and sociologist. He was from 1973 to 2006 director of the Institut für Sexualwissenschaft [Institute for Sexual Science] at the clinic of the Goethe-University in Frankfurt am Main....

  • Herbert Simon
    Herbert Simon
    Herbert Alexander Simon was an American political scientist, economist, sociologist, and psychologist, and professor—most notably at Carnegie Mellon University—whose research ranged across the fields of cognitive psychology, cognitive science, computer science, public administration, economics,...

     (Nobel Prize in Economics)
  • Theodore Simon
    Theodore Simon
    Théodore Simon was a French psychologist and psychometrician. He co-created the Binet-Simon Intelligence Scale tests with Alfred Binet.- Biography :...

  • B. F. Skinner
    B. F. Skinner
    Burrhus Frederic Skinner was an American behaviorist, author, inventor, baseball enthusiast, social philosopher and poet...

     (founder of Radical behaviorism
    Radical behaviorism
    Radical behaviorism is a philosophy developed by B.F. Skinner that underlies the experimental analysis of behavior approach to psychology. The term radical behaviorism applies to a particular school that emerged during the reign of behaviorism...

  • Paul Slovic
    Paul Slovic
    Paul Slovic is a professor of psychology at the University of Oregon and the president of the Decision Research group. He earned his Ph.D. in psychology at the University of Michigan in 1964....

  • Stanley Smith Stevens
    Stanley Smith Stevens
    Stanley Smith Stevens was an American psychologist who founded Harvard's Psycho-Acoustic Laboratory and is credited with the introduction of Stevens' power law. Stevens authored a milestone textbook, the 1400+ page "Handbook of Experimental Psychology" . He was also one of the founding organizers...

  • Charles Spearman
    Charles Spearman
    Charles Edward Spearman, FRS was an English psychologist known for work in statistics, as a pioneer of factor analysis, and for Spearman's rank correlation coefficient...

  • Robert Sternberg
    Robert Sternberg
    Robert Jeffrey Sternberg , is an American psychologist and psychometrician and Provost at Oklahoma State University. He was formerly the Dean of Arts and Sciences at Tufts University, IBM Professor of Psychology and Education at Yale University and the President of the American Psychological...

  • Saul Sternberg
    Saul Sternberg
    Saul Sternberg is a Professor Emeritus of Psychology and former Paul C. Williams Term Professor at the University of Pennsylvania. He is a pioneer in the field of cognitive psychology in the development of experimental techniques to study human information processing...

  • Paul Stevenson
    Paul Stevenson
    Paul Joseph Stevenson OAM is an Australian psychologist and a recognised authority within the fields of psychological trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder, stress management and psychological recovery from disaster incidents....

  • Harry Stack Sullivan
    Harry Stack Sullivan
    Harry Stack Sullivan was a U.S. psychiatrist whose work in psychoanalysis was based on direct and verifiable observation .-Life and works:Sullivan was a child of Irish immigrants and allegedly grew up in an...

  • William Swann
    William Swann
    William B. Swann is a professor of social and personality psychology at the University of Texas at Austin. He is primarily known for his work on identity, self and self-esteem, but has also done research on relationships, social cognition, group processes, accuracy in person perception and...

  • José Szapocznik
    José Szapocznik
    José Szapocznik, Ph.D., , is a clinical psychologist of Polish-Cuban ancestry and one of the nation's leading family therapists specializing in Hispanic families. He is the developer of One-Person Family Therapy and Brief Structural Therapy...


  • Lewis Terman
    Lewis Terman
    Lewis Madison Terman was an American psychologist, noted as a pioneer in educational psychology in the early 20th century at the Stanford University School of Education. He is best known as the inventor of the Stanford-Binet IQ test...

  • Edward Thorndike
    Edward Thorndike
    Edward Lee "Ted" Thorndike was an American psychologist who spent nearly his entire career at Teachers College, Columbia University. His work on animal behavior and the learning process led to the theory of connectionism and helped lay the scientific foundation for modern educational psychology...

     (puzzle boxes and work leading to theory of Connectionism
    Connectionism is a set of approaches in the fields of artificial intelligence, cognitive psychology, cognitive science, neuroscience and philosophy of mind, that models mental or behavioral phenomena as the emergent processes of interconnected networks of simple units...

  • L. L. Thurstone
  • Edward Titchener
  • Edward C. Tolman
    Edward C. Tolman
    Edward Chace Tolman was an American psychologist. He was most famous for his studies on behavioral psychology....

  • John Tooby
    John Tooby
    John Tooby is an American anthropologist, who, together with psychologist wife Leda Cosmides, helped pioneer the field of evolutionary psychology....

  • Ellis Paul Torrance
    Ellis Paul Torrance
    Ellis Paul Torrance was an American psychologist from Milledgeville, Georgia.After completing his undergraduate degree at Mercer University, he went on to complete a Master's degree at the University of Minnesota, and then a doctorate from the University of Michigan...

  • Anne Treisman
    Anne Treisman
    Anne Marie Treisman FRS is a psychologist currently at Princeton University's Department of Psychology. She researches visual attention, object perception, and memory. One of her most influential ideas is the feature integration theory of attention, first published with G. Gelade in 1980...

  • Jeanne Tsai
    Jeanne Tsai
    Jeanne Tsai is currently an Associate Professor of Psychology at Stanford University and director of the . Her research focuses on cultural influences on basic psychological and social processes related to emotion. She was born to Taiwanese immigrants....

  • Endel Tulving
    Endel Tulving
    Endel Tulving is an experimental psychologist and cognitive neuroscientist whose research on human memory has influenced generations of psychological scientists, neuroscientists, and clinicians...

  • Elliot Turiel
    Elliot Turiel
    Elliot Turiel is an American psychologist and Chancellor’s Professor at the Graduate School of Education at the University of California, Berkeley...

     (founder of Domain Theory, the primary challenge to Kohlberg's stages of moral development
    Kohlberg's stages of moral development
    Lawrence Kohlberg's stages of moral development constitute an adaptation of a psychological theory originally conceived of by the Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget...

  • Amos Tversky
    Amos Tversky
    Amos Nathan Tversky, was a cognitive and mathematical psychologist, a pioneer of cognitive science, a longtime collaborator of Daniel Kahneman, and a key figure in the discovery of systematic human cognitive bias and handling of risk. Much of his early work concerned the foundations of measurement...

  • David Tzuriel
    David Tzuriel
    David Tzuriel is Israeli clinical and educational psychologist. His expertise is dynamic assessment. Currently he works as a professor at Bar Ilan University. He was born on September 23, 1946.-External links:*...


  • Henri Wallon (psychologist)
    Henri Wallon (psychologist)
    Henri Paul Hyacinthe Wallon was a French philosopher, psychologist , neuropsychiatrist, teacher, and politician...

     (French psychologist)
  • Hans-Jürgen Walter (founder of Gestalt Theoretical Psychotherapy
    Gestalt Theoretical Psychotherapy
    Gestalt theoretical psychotherapy is a method of psychotherapy based strictly on Gestalt psychology. It was developed by the German Gestalt psychologist and psychotherapist Hans-Jürgen P...

  • Brian Wansink
    Brian Wansink
    Brian Wansink is an American professor in the fields of consumer behavior and nutritional science. He is a former Executive Director of the USDA's Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion ....

  • Margaret Floy Washburn
    Margaret Floy Washburn
    'Margaret Floy Washburn , leading American psychologist in the early 20th century, was best known for her experimental work in animal behavior and motor theory development...

     (first female PhD in psychology)
  • John B. Watson
    John B. Watson
    John Broadus Watson was an American psychologist who established the psychological school of behaviorism. Watson promoted a change in psychology through his address Psychology as the Behaviorist Views it which was given at Columbia University in 1913...

     (Watsonian behaviorism
    Behaviorism , also called the learning perspective , is a philosophy of psychology based on the proposition that all things that organisms do—including acting, thinking, and feeling—can and should be regarded as behaviors, and that psychological disorders are best treated by altering behavior...

  • Paul Watzlawick
    Paul Watzlawick
    Paul Watzlawick was an Austrian-American psychologist and philosopher. A theoretician in communication theory and radical constructivism, he has commented in the fields of family therapy and general psychotherapy...

  • David Wechsler
    David Wechsler
    David "Wex" Wechsler was a leading American psychologist. He developed well-known intelligence scales, such as the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children .-Biography:...

  • Karl E. Weick - (cognitive organizational psychologist)
  • Robert Weimar
    Robert Weimar
    Robert Weimar is a German professor of law and psychologist.Weimar is particularly concerned with German and European commercial law, and deals with the psychological and neuro-scientific fundamentals of thinking and decision-making...

  • Max Wertheimer
    Max Wertheimer
    - External links :* * * * *...

     (co-founder of Gestalt psychology
    Gestalt psychology
    Gestalt psychology or gestaltism is a theory of mind and brain of the Berlin School; the operational principle of gestalt psychology is that the brain is holistic, parallel, and analog, with self-organizing tendencies...

  • Michael White
    Michael White (psychotherapist)
    Michael White was an Australian social worker and family therapist.He is known as the founder of narrative therapy, and for his significant contribution to psychotherapy and family therapy, which have been a source of techniques adopted by other approaches.-Biography:Michael Kingsley White was...

     (founder of Narrative Therapy
    Narrative therapy
    Narrative Therapy is a form of psychotherapy using narrative. It was initially developed during the 1970s and 1980s, largely by Australian Michael White and his friend and colleague, David Epston, of New Zealand....

  • Ken Wilber
    Ken Wilber
    Kenneth Earl Wilber II is an American author who has written about mysticism, philosophy, ecology, and developmental psychology. His work formulates what he calls Integral Theory. In 1998, he founded the Integral Institute, for teaching and applications of Integral theory.-Biography:Ken Wilber was...

     (Transpersonal psychology, then Integral psychology)
  • Glenn D. Wilson
    Glenn Wilson (psychologist)
    Glenn Daniel Wilson is a psychologist best known for his work on attitude and personality measurement, sexual attraction, deviation and dysfunction, partner compatibility, and psychology applied to performing arts.In 2001, Wilson was ranked among the 10 most frequently cited British psychologists...

     (personality and sexual behaviour)
  • Donald Woods Winnicott
  • Robert S. Woodworth
    Robert S. Woodworth
    Robert Sessions Woodworth was an influential American academic psychologist of the first half of the twentieth century. A graduate of Harvard and Columbia, his textbook Psychology: A study of mental life, which appeared first in 1921, went through many editions and was the first introduction to...

  • Wilhelm Wundt
    Wilhelm Wundt
    Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt was a German physician, psychologist, physiologist, philosopher, and professor, known today as one of the founding figures of modern psychology. He is widely regarded as the "father of experimental psychology"...

      (father of Experimental psychology
    Experimental psychology
    Experimental psychology is a methodological approach, rather than a subject, and encompasses varied fields within psychology. Experimental psychologists have traditionally conducted research, published articles, and taught classes on neuroscience, developmental psychology, sensation, perception,...



  • Robert J. Zajonc
    Robert Zajonc
    Robert Bolesław Zajonc was a Polish-born American social psychologist who is known for his decades of work on a wide range of social and cognitive processes.-Mere Exposure Effect:...

  • Oliver Zangwill
    Oliver Zangwill
    Oliver Louis Zangwill FRS was an influential British neuropsychologist. He was Professor of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, 1952-81, then Professor Emeritus. He was the son of Israel Zangwill and the grandson of William Edward Ayrton...

  • René Zazzo
    René Zazzo
    René Zazzo was a French psychologist and pedagogue.The essence of Zazzo's research related to child psychology. He was one of the first people to study a group of problems relating to dyslexia and disability...

  • Bluma Zeigarnik
    Bluma Zeigarnik
    Bluma Wulfovna Zeigarnik was a Soviet psychologist and psychiatrist, a member of Berlin School of experimental psychology and Vygotsky Circle...

  • Philip Zimbardo
    Philip Zimbardo
    Philip George Zimbardo is an American psychologist and a professor emeritus at Stanford University. He is president of the Heroic Imagination Project...

Pre-modern theorists

  • Haly Abbas
    Ali ibn Abbas al-Majusi
    Ali ibn al-'Abbas al-Majusi , also known as Masoudi, or Latinized as Haly Abbas, was a Persian physician and psychologist most famous for the Kitab al-Maliki or Complete Book of the Medical Art, his textbook on medicine and psychology.-Biography:He was born in Ahvaz, southwestern Persia, and...

     (Ali ibn Abbas al-Majusi)
  • Alhazen (Ibn al-Haytham)
  • Alkindus
    ' , known as "the Philosopher of the Arabs", was a Muslim Arab philosopher, mathematician, physician, and musician. Al-Kindi was the first of the Muslim peripatetic philosophers, and is unanimously hailed as the "father of Islamic or Arabic philosophy" for his synthesis, adaptation and promotion...

  • Aristotle
    Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and polymath, a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great. His writings cover many subjects, including physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, logic, rhetoric, linguistics, politics, government, ethics, biology, and zoology...

  • Averroes
    ' , better known just as Ibn Rushd , and in European literature as Averroes , was a Muslim polymath; a master of Aristotelian philosophy, Islamic philosophy, Islamic theology, Maliki law and jurisprudence, logic, psychology, politics, Arabic music theory, and the sciences of medicine, astronomy,...

     (Ibn Rushd)
  • Avicenna
    Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Sīnā , commonly known as Ibn Sīnā or by his Latinized name Avicenna, was a Persian polymath, who wrote almost 450 treatises on a wide range of subjects, of which around 240 have survived...

     (Ibn Sina)
  • Ahmed ibn Sahl al-Balkhi
    Ahmed ibn Sahl al-Balkhi
    Abu Zayd Ahmed ibn Sahl Balkhi was a Persian Muslim polymath: a geographer, mathematician, physician, psychologist and scientist. Born in 850 CE in Shamistiyan, in the Persian province of Balkh, Khorasan , he was a disciple of al-Kindi...

  • Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī
  • Buddhaghosa
    Bhadantācariya Buddhaghoṣa(Chinese: 覺音)was a 5th-century Indian Theravadin Buddhist commentator and scholar. His best-known work is the Visuddhimagga, or Path of Purification, a comprehensive summary and analysis of the Theravada understanding of the Buddha's path to liberation...

  • René Descartes
    René Descartes
    René Descartes ; was a French philosopher and writer who spent most of his adult life in the Dutch Republic. He has been dubbed the 'Father of Modern Philosophy', and much subsequent Western philosophy is a response to his writings, which are studied closely to this day...

  • Søren Kierkegaard
    Søren Kierkegaard
    Søren Aabye Kierkegaard was a Danish Christian philosopher, theologian and religious author. He was a critic of idealist intellectuals and philosophers of his time, such as Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling and Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel...

  • Moses Maimonides
    Moses ben-Maimon, called Maimonides and also known as Mūsā ibn Maymūn in Arabic, or Rambam , was a preeminent medieval Jewish philosopher and one of the greatest Torah scholars and physicians of the Middle Ages...

  • Ali ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari
    Ali ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari
    Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari also given as 810-855 and 783-858 was a Persian Muslim hakim, Islamic scholar, physician and psychologist of Zoroastrian descent, who produced one of the first encyclopedia of medicine. He was a pioneer of pediatrics and the field of child development...

See also

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.