Order of Lenin
The Order of Lenin named after the leader
Vladimir Lenin
Vladimir Ilyich Lenin was a Russian Marxist revolutionary and communist politician who led the October Revolution of 1917. As leader of the Bolsheviks, he headed the Soviet state during its initial years , as it fought to establish control of Russia in the Russian Civil War and worked to create a...

 of the Russian October Revolution
October Revolution
The October Revolution , also known as the Great October Socialist Revolution , Red October, the October Uprising or the Bolshevik Revolution, was a political revolution and a part of the Russian Revolution of 1917...

, was the highest decoration
Order (decoration)
An order or order of merit is a visible honour, awarded by a government, dynastic house or international organization to an individual, usually in recognition of distinguished service to a nation or to humanity. The distinction between orders and decorations is somewhat vague, except that most...

 bestowed by the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
The Soviet Union , officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics , was a constitutionally socialist state that existed in Eurasia between 1922 and 1991....

. The order was awarded
  • to civilians for outstanding services rendered to the State,
  • to members of the armed forces for exemplary service,
  • to those who promoted friendship and cooperation between peoples and in strengthening peace, and
  • for other meritorious services to the Soviet state and society

From 1944 to 1957, before the institution of specific length of service medals, the Order of Lenin was also used to reward 25 years of conspicuous military service.

Those who were awarded the titles "Hero of the Soviet Union
Hero of the Soviet Union
The title Hero of the Soviet Union was the highest distinction in the Soviet Union, awarded personally or collectively for heroic feats in service to the Soviet state and society.-Overview:...

" and "Hero of Socialist Labor
Hero of Socialist Labor
Hero of Socialist Labour was an honorary title in the Soviet Union and other Warsaw Pact countries. It was the highest degree of distinction for exceptional achievements in national economy and culture...

" were also given the order as part of the award. It was also bestowed on cities, companies, factories, regions, military units and ships. Corporate entities, factories, various educational institutions and military units who received the said Order applied the full name of the order into their official titles.

The order was established by the Central Executive Committee on April 6, 1930.

Design of the decoration

The first design of the Order of Lenin was made of silver with some lightly gold-plated features. It was a round badge with a central disc featuring Vladimir Lenin
Vladimir Lenin
Vladimir Ilyich Lenin was a Russian Marxist revolutionary and communist politician who led the October Revolution of 1917. As leader of the Bolsheviks, he headed the Soviet state during its initial years , as it fought to establish control of Russia in the Russian Civil War and worked to create a...

's profile surrounded by smokestacks, a tractor and a building, possibly a power plant. A thin red-enamelled border and a circle of wheat panicles surrounded the disc. At the top was a gold-plated "hammer and sickle
Hammer and sickle
The hammer and sickle is a part of communist symbolism and its usage indicates an association with Communism, a Communist party, or a Communist state. It features a hammer and a sickle overlapping each other. The two tools are symbols of the industrial proletariat and the peasantry; placing them...

" emblem, and at the bottom were the Russian initials for "USSR" (СССР) in red enamel. Only about 800 of this design were minted.

The second, final design was awarded in 1934 and onwards. This was a solid-gold badge, featuring an enamelled disc bearing Lenin's portrait . The disc is surrounded by two gold
Gold is a chemical element with the symbol Au and an atomic number of 79. Gold is a dense, soft, shiny, malleable and ductile metal. Pure gold has a bright yellow color and luster traditionally considered attractive, which it maintains without oxidizing in air or water. Chemically, gold is a...

en panicles of wheat
Wheat is a cereal grain, originally from the Levant region of the Near East, but now cultivated worldwide. In 2007 world production of wheat was 607 million tons, making it the third most-produced cereal after maize and rice...

, and a red flag
A flag is a piece of fabric with a distinctive design that is usually rectangular and used as a symbol, as a signaling device, or decoration. The term flag is also used to refer to the graphic design employed by a flag, or to its depiction in another medium.The first flags were used to assist...

 with "LENIN" in Cyrillic script (ЛЕНИН). A red star
Red star
A red star, five-pointed and filled, is an important ideological and religious symbol which has been used for various purposes, such as: state emblems, flags, monuments, ornaments, and logos.- Symbol of communism :...

 is placed on the left and the "hammer and sickle" emblem at the bottom, both in red enamel.

The badge was originally worn by screwback on the left chest without ribbon. Later it was worn as a medal suspended from a red ribbon with pairs of yellow stripes at the edges (see image above). The ribbon bar
Ribbon bar
Ribbon bars are small decorations that are worn by military, police, and fire service personnel or by civilians. Ribbon bars are mainly used when wearing either full decoration, or when wearing medals is considered inappropriate or impractical. Each military force has its own rules on what ribbons...

 is of the same design.

The portrait of Lenin was originally a riveted silver
Silver is a metallic chemical element with the chemical symbol Ag and atomic number 47. A soft, white, lustrous transition metal, it has the highest electrical conductivity of any element and the highest thermal conductivity of any metal...

 piece. For a time it was incorporated into a one-piece gold badge, but finally returned as a separate platinum
Platinum is a chemical element with the chemical symbol Pt and an atomic number of 78. Its name is derived from the Spanish term platina del Pinto, which is literally translated into "little silver of the Pinto River." It is a dense, malleable, ductile, precious, gray-white transition metal...

 piece until the dissolution of the USSR in 1991.


The first Order of Lenin was awarded to the newspaper Komsomolskaya Pravda
Komsomolskaya Pravda
Komsomolskaya Pravda is a daily Russian tabloid newspaper, founded on March 13th, 1925. It is published by "Izdatelsky Dom Komsomolskaya Pravda" .- History :...

on 23 May 1930. Also among the first ten recipients were five industrial companies, three pilots, and the Secretary to the Central Executive Committee Avel Enukidze
Avel Enukidze
Avel Safronovich Enukidze - А́вель Сафронович Енуки́дзе - , a prominent "Old Bolshevik" and, at one point, a member of the Soviet Central Committee in Moscow...

. The first person to be awarded a second Order of Lenin was the pilot Valery Chkalov
Valery Chkalov
Valery Pavlovich Chkalov was a Russian aircraft test pilot and a Hero of the Soviet Union .-Early life:...

 in 1936. Another pilot, Vladimir Kokkinaki
Vladimir Kokkinaki
Vladimir Konstantinovich Kokkinaki was a test pilot in the Soviet Union, setting twenty-two world records and serving as president of the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale.-Life and career:...

, became the first to receive a third Order in 1939.

The first five foreign recipients, a German and four Americans
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

 (one of the Americans was Frank Bruno Honey—on May 17, 1932), received the award for helping in the reconstruction of Soviet industry and agriculture in 1931–1934.

The record for most Orders of Lenin received by a single person is held by Nikolay Patolichev, long-time Minister for Foreign Trade of the USSR, who was awarded 12 times. Other numerous repeat awardees are:
  • 11 times:
    • Dmitriy Ustinov
      Dmitriy Ustinov
      Dmitriy Feodorovich Ustinov was Minister of Defense of the Soviet Union from 1976 until his death.-Early life:Dimitry Feodorovich Ustinov was born in a working-class family in Samara. During the civil war, when hunger became intolerable, his sick father went to Samarkand, leaving Dimitry as head...

      , Defence Minister in 1976-1984
  • 10 times:
    • Efim Slavsky, Head of Sredmash, the ministry responsible for nuclear industry, in 1957-1986
    • Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev
      Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev
      Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev was a Soviet aeronautical engineer. He designed the Yakovlev military aircraft and founded the Yakovlev Design Bureau. -Biography:...

      , airplane designer
  • 9 times:
    • Petr Dementiev, Minister of Aviation Industry in 1953-1977
    • Vasily Ryabikov, defence industry official, co-head (together with Sergey Korolev) of the first Sputnik project
    • Nikolay Semyonov
      Nikolay Semyonov
      Nikolay Nikolayevich Semyonov was a Russian/Soviet physicist and chemist. Semyonov was awarded the 1956 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the mechanism of chemical transformation.-Life:...

      , winner of 1956 Nobel Prize
      Nobel Prize
      The Nobel Prizes are annual international awards bestowed by Scandinavian committees in recognition of cultural and scientific advances. The will of the Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite, established the prizes in 1895...

       in chemistry
    • Anatoly Petrovich Alexandrov
      Anatoly Petrovich Alexandrov
      Anatoly Petrovich Alexandrov was a Russian physicist, director of the Kurchatov Institute, academician and the President of the Soviet Academy of Sciences...

      ; president of the Soviet Academy of Sciences (1975–1986)
    • Vasily Chuikov
      Vasily Chuikov
      Vasily Ivanovich Chuikov was a Russian lieutenant general in the Red Army during World War II, twice Hero of the Soviet Union , who after the war became a Marshal of the Soviet Union.-Early life and career:Born into a peasant family in the village of Serebryanye Prudy, he joined the Red Army during...

      , World War II
      World War II
      World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

    • Ivan Papanin
      Ivan Papanin
      Ivan Dmitrievich Papanin was a Russian Polar Explorer, Scientist,Counter Admiral, twice Hero of the Soviet Union awarded nine Orders of Lenin...

      , polar explorer

Among organisations and geographical objects, three Orders of Lenin were awarded to:
  • Komsomol
    The Communist Union of Youth , usually known as Komsomol , was the youth division of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. The Komsomol in its earliest form was established in urban centers in 1918. During the early years, it was a Russian organization, known as the Russian Communist Union of...

    , the Young Communist League
  • LOMO
    LOMO or Leningrad Optical Mechanical Amalgamation is a manufacturer of advanced optical instruments, medical equipment, consumer still and movie cameras, projectors, lenses, film editors, splicers, professional sound recorders for motion-picture production based in St. Petersburg, Russia...

    , Leningrad Optical-Mechanical Corporation
  • ZIL
    ZIL and similar may refer to:*Zil, a village in the Tabasaran rayon of Dagestan, Russia*Zil stands for Zulfikar Industries Pvt. Ltd. Pakistan, a Chemical factory in Pakistan producting soaps and related chemical products since 1976...

    , automobile manufacturer
  • Kryvorizhstal
    Kryvorizhstal is Ukraine's largest integrated steel company located in the Ukrainian city of Kryvyi Rih.Bought in 2005 by Mittal Steel, the company is one of the most important businesses in Ukraine and a globally important steel producer. It is the largest steel manufacturer in Ukraine and...

    , Massively successful and profitable Steel Mill
  • Azerbaijan
    Azerbaijan , officially the Republic of Azerbaijan is the largest country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west, and Iran to...

    i, Armenia
    Armenia , officially the Republic of Armenia , is a landlocked mountainous country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia...

    n, Kazakh
    Kazakhstan , officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is a transcontinental country in Central Asia and Eastern Europe. Ranked as the ninth largest country in the world, it is also the world's largest landlocked country; its territory of is greater than Western Europe...

     and Uzbek
    Uzbekistan , officially the Republic of Uzbekistan is a doubly landlocked country in Central Asia and one of the six independent Turkic states. It shares borders with Kazakhstan to the west and to the north, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan to the east, and Afghanistan and Turkmenistan to the south....

     Soviet Socialist Republics
  • Moscow Region

The last Order of Lenin was awarded on 21 December 1991.

A total of 431,418 Orders were awarded.
  • All 15 Republics of the Soviet Union
    Republics of the Soviet Union
    The Republics of the Soviet Union or the Union Republics of the Soviet Union were ethnically-based administrative units that were subordinated directly to the Government of the Soviet Union...

  • Cities
    • Moscow
      Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...

    • Donetsk
      Donetsk , is a large city in eastern Ukraine on the Kalmius river. Administratively, it is a center of Donetsk Oblast, while historically, it is the unofficial capital and largest city of the economic and cultural Donets Basin region...

    • Yekaterinburg
      Yekaterinburg is a major city in the central part of Russia, the administrative center of Sverdlovsk Oblast. Situated on the eastern side of the Ural mountain range, it is the main industrial and cultural center of the Urals Federal District with a population of 1,350,136 , making it Russia's...

  • Institutions
    • Komsomolskaya Pravda
      Komsomolskaya Pravda
      Komsomolskaya Pravda is a daily Russian tabloid newspaper, founded on March 13th, 1925. It is published by "Izdatelsky Dom Komsomolskaya Pravda" .- History :...

    • Pravda
      Pravda was a leading newspaper of the Soviet Union and an official organ of the Central Committee of the Communist Party between 1912 and 1991....

  • People
    • Sergey Afanasyev (Soviet "Space Minister", awarded 7 times)
    • Aziz Aliyev
      Aziz Aliyev
      Dr. Aziz Mammad Karim oglu Aliyev , Ph.D., was an Azerbaijani, Dagestani and Soviet politician, scientist, and member of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR...

       (Azerbaijani and Dagestani politician and scientist, awarded 2 times)
    • Clyde Armistead and William Latimer Lavery (American
      United States
      The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

       air mechanics awarded for participation in search and rescue
      Search and rescue
      Search and rescue is the search for and provision of aid to people who are in distress or imminent danger.The general field of search and rescue includes many specialty sub-fields, mostly based upon terrain considerations...

       operations of the steamship
      A steamboat or steamship, sometimes called a steamer, is a ship in which the primary method of propulsion is steam power, typically driving propellers or paddlewheels...

      Chelyuskin steamship
      SS Chelyuskin was a Soviet steamship reinforced to navigate through polar ice that became ice-bound in Arctic waters during navigation along the Northern Maritime Route from Murmansk to Vladivostok...

    • Emilian Bukov
      Emilian Bukov
      Emilian Bukov was a Soviet Moldavian writer and poet, recognized with the State Prize of the Moldavian SSR and honorary title of People's Writer of the Moldavian SSR . Bukov was also awarded the Hero of Socialist Labour in 1979 for his work, the Order of Lenin medal twice and the Order of the Red...

       (Soviet writer for the Moldavian SSR, awarded 2 times)
    • Fidel Castro
      Fidel Castro
      Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz is a Cuban revolutionary and politician, having held the position of Prime Minister of Cuba from 1959 to 1976, and then President from 1976 to 2008. He also served as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba from the party's foundation in 1961 until 2011...

       (Cuban Leader)
    • Sripat Amrit Dange (Indian Communist leader who had strongly endorsed pro-Soviet views.)
    • Sergei Eisenstein
      Sergei Eisenstein
      Sergei Mikhailovich Eisenstein , né Eizenshtein, was a pioneering Soviet Russian film director and film theorist, often considered to be the "Father of Montage"...

       (film director)
    • Muhammed Faris
      Muhammed Faris
      Muhammed Ahmed Faris is a Syrian military aviator. He was the first Syrian and the second Arab in space.Born in Aleppo, Syria, he was a pilot in the Syrian Air Force with the rank of a colonel...

       (Syrian Research Cosmonaut, July 30, 1987)
    • Yuri Gagarin
      Yuri Gagarin
      Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin was a Soviet pilot and cosmonaut. He was the first human to journey into outer space, when his Vostok spacecraft completed an orbit of the Earth on April 12, 1961....

      An astronaut or cosmonaut is a person trained by a human spaceflight program to command, pilot, or serve as a crew member of a spacecraft....

      )(First human being in outerspace)
    • Israel Gelfand
      Israel Gelfand
      Israel Moiseevich Gelfand, also written Israïl Moyseyovich Gel'fand, or Izrail M. Gelfand was a Soviet mathematician who made major contributions to many branches of mathematics, including group theory, representation theory and functional analysis...

       (Soviet mathematician, awarded 3 times)
    • Otto Grotewohl
      Otto Grotewohl
      Otto Grotewohl was a German politician and prime minister of the German Democratic Republic from 1949 until his death. According to Roth , "He was a figurehead who led various economic commissions, lobbied the Soviets for increased aid, and conducted foreign policy tours in the attempt to break...

       (former prime minister of GDR)
    • Armand Hammer
      Armand Hammer
      Armand Hammer was an American business tycoon most closely associated with Occidental Petroleum, a company he ran for decades, though he was known as well as for his art collection, his philanthropy, and for his close ties to the Soviet Union.Thanks to business interests around the world and his...

       (American businessman and philanthropist)
    • Erich Honecker
      Erich Honecker
      Erich Honecker was a German communist politician who led the German Democratic Republic as General Secretary of the Socialist Unity Party from 1971 until 1989, serving as Head of State as well from Willi Stoph's relinquishment of that post in 1976....

       (former leader of GDR)
    • Sergey Ilyushin (Soviet pilot and aircraft designer, awarded 8 times)
    • Mikhail Kalashnikov
      Mikhail Kalashnikov
      Lieutenant General Mikhail Timofeyevich Kalashnikov is a Russian small arms designer, most famous for designing the AK-47 assault rifle, the AKM and the AK-74.-Early life:...

       (Designer of the AK-47
      The AK-47 is a selective-fire, gas-operated 7.62×39mm assault rifle, first developed in the Soviet Union by Mikhail Kalashnikov. It is officially known as Avtomat Kalashnikova . It is also known as a Kalashnikov, an "AK", or in Russian slang, Kalash.Design work on the AK-47 began in the last year...

       Assault Rifle
      Assault rifle
      An assault rifle is a selective fire rifle that uses an intermediate cartridge and a detachable magazine. Assault rifles are the standard infantry weapons in most modern armies...

    • Nikita Khrushchev
      Nikita Khrushchev
      Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War. He served as First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964, and as Chairman of the Council of Ministers, or Premier, from 1958 to 1964...

       (Chairman of the Council of Peoples Commissars,Soviet Union)
    • Igor Kurchatov
      Igor Kurchatov
      Igor Vasilyevich Kurchatov , was a Soviet nuclear physicist who is widely known as the director of the Soviet atomic bomb project. Along with Georgy Flyorov and Andrei Sakharov, Kurchatov is widely remembered and dubbed as the "father of the Soviet atomic bomb" for his directorial role in the...

       (Physicist, leader of the Soviet atomic bomb project
      Soviet atomic bomb project
      The Soviet project to develop an atomic bomb , was a clandestine research and development program began during and post-World War II, in the wake of the Soviet Union's discovery of the United States' nuclear project...

      , awarded 5 times)
    • Yanka Kupala
      Yanka Kupala
      Yanka Kupala — was the pen name of Ivan Daminikavich Lutsevich , a Belarusian poet and writer. Kupala is considered one of the greatest Belarusian-language writers of the 20th century.-Early life:...

       - Belarusian
      Belarusians ; are an East Slavic ethnic group who populate the majority of the Republic of Belarus. Introduced to the world as a new state in the early 1990s, the Republic of Belarus brought with it the notion of a re-emerging Belarusian ethnicity, drawn upon the lines of the Old Belarusian...

       poet, for the book «Ад сэрца» (Hell of heart).
    • Vladimir Komarov
      Vladimir Komarov
      Vladimir Mikhaylovich Komarov was a Soviet test pilot, aerospace engineer and cosmonaut in the first group of cosmonauts selected in 1960. He was one of the most highly experienced and well-qualified candidates accepted into "Air Force Group One"....

       -Pilot cosmonaut, first cosmonaut to fly in space twice, first man to die on a space mission (awarded twice)
    • Vladimir Konovalov
      Vladimir Konovalov
      Rear Admiral Vladimir Konstantinovich Konovalov, Владимир Константинович Коновалов was a Soviet Navy distinguished submarine commander during World War II....

       (Sub-commander, and admiral, awarded 3 times)
    • Alexei Krylov
      Alexei Krylov
      Aleksey Nikolaevich Krylov was a Russian naval engineer, applied mathematician and memoirist.-Biography:Alexei Nikolaevich Krylov was born on August 3 O.S., 1863 to the family of an Army Artillery officer in a village Akhmatovo near town Alatyr of the Simbirsk Gubernia in Russia...

       - Russian Naval engineer, applied mathematician and memoirist (awarded 3 times)
    • Fariza Magomadova
      Fariza Magomadova
      Fariza Vagabovna Magomadova is a former Chechen boarding school director and teacher who pioneered efforts for female education in the North Caucasus...

      Chechen people
      Chechens constitute the largest native ethnic group originating in the North Caucasus region. They refer to themselves as Noxçi . Also known as Sadiks , Gargareans, Malkhs...

       boarding school director and pioneer for women's education)
    • Kirill Mazurov
      Kirill Mazurov
      Kirill Trofimovich Mazurov was a Belarusian Soviet politician.-Political career:...

       (Belarusian Soviet politician)
    • Boris Mikhailov
      Boris Mikhailov (ice hockey)
      Boris Petrovich Mikhailov is a former Soviet ice hockey player. He played for Kristall Saratov from 1962–65, Lokomotiv Moscow from 1965–67, and CSKA Moscow from 1967-1981...

       (Soviet Ice Hockey Team Captain in 1970s and 80s)
    • Shoista Mullodzhanova
      Shoista Mullodzhanova
      Shoista Mullojonova was a renowned Tajik-born Bukharian Jewish Shashmakom singer.-Early life:...

      , Bukharian Jewish Shashmakom singer
    • Alexander Morozov
      Alexander Alexandrovich Morozov
      Olexandr Oleksandrovych Morozov was a Soviet engineer and tank designer.A graduate from the Moscow Mechanical Institute, in 1928 Morozov started work at a new design bureau headed by I. Aleksiyenko, at the Kharkiv Locomotive Factory of Kharkiv, Ukraine. Here he contributed to the lacklustre T-12...

      , designer of the T-64 tank
    • Yelena Mukhina (Gymnast 1960-2006)
    • Gamal Abdel Nasser
      Gamal Abdel Nasser
      Gamal Abdel Nasser Hussein was the second President of Egypt from 1956 until his death. A colonel in the Egyptian army, Nasser led the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 along with Muhammad Naguib, the first president, which overthrew the monarchy of Egypt and Sudan, and heralded a new period of...

       (Egyptian President)
    • Vilyam Genrikhovich Fisher
      Vilyam Genrikhovich Fisher
      Vilyam Genrikhovich Fisher was a noted Soviet intelligence officer...

       (Soviet Spy)
    • Fyodor Okhlopkov
      Fyodor Okhlopkov
      Timur Matveyevich Okhlopkov , was a Soviet sniper during World War II, credited with as many as 429 kills. He was born in the village of Krest-Khaldzhay of what is now Tomponsky Ulus of the Sakha Republic, Russian Federation....

       (World War II
      World War II
      World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

    • Nikolai Ostrovsky
      Nikolai Ostrovsky
      Nikolai Alexeevich Ostrovsky was a Soviet socialist realist writer, who published his works during the Stalin era...

       (Soviet author, 1904–1936)
    • Lyudmila Pavlichenko
      Lyudmila Pavlichenko
      Lyudmila Mykhailivna Pavlichenko was a Soviet sniper during World War II, credited with 309 kills, and is regarded as the most successful female sniper in history.-Early life:...

       (Soviet sniper World War II)
    • Mausuza Vanakhun (Soviet military officer, Dungan national hero)
    • Yevgeny Pepelyaev
      Yevgeny Pepelyaev
      Colonel Yevgeny Georgievich Pepelyaev is a Soviet fighter pilot of the Korean War, tallying 20 kills, second only to his compatriot Nikolay Sutyagin's 21.- Early years and world war II :...

      , fighter pilot in the Korean War
      Korean War
      The Korean War was a conventional war between South Korea, supported by the United Nations, and North Korea, supported by the People's Republic of China , with military material aid from the Soviet Union...

    • Kim Philby
      Kim Philby
      Harold Adrian Russell "Kim" Philby was a high-ranking member of British intelligence who worked as a spy for and later defected to the Soviet Union...

       (British/Soviet double agent
      Double agent
      A double agent, commonly abbreviated referral of double secret agent, is a counterintelligence term used to designate an employee of a secret service or organization, whose primary aim is to spy on the target organization, but who in fact is a member of that same target organization oneself. They...

    • Konstantin Rokossovsky
      Konstantin Rokossovsky
      Konstantin Rokossovskiy was a Polish-origin Soviet career officer who was a Marshal of the Soviet Union, as well as Marshal of Poland and Polish Defence Minister, who was famously known for his service in the Eastern Front, where he received high esteem for his outstanding military skill...

       (World War II Marshal of the Soviet Union
      Marshal of the Soviet Union
      Marshal of the Soviet Union was the de facto highest military rank of the Soviet Union. ....

      , awarded 7 times)
    • Arnold Rüütel
      Arnold Rüütel
      Arnold Rüütel OIH was the third President of the Republic of Estonia from October 8, 2001 to October 9, 2006. He was the second President since Estonia regained its independence in 1991....

       (Estonian communist leader, later president of the independent Estonia)
    • Anatoly Sagalevich
      Anatoly Sagalevich
      Anatoly Mikhailovich Sagalevich is a Russian explorer, who works at the Shirshov Institute of Oceanology of the Russian Academy of Sciences since 1965....

       (underwater explorer, creator of the MIR DSV
      MIR (submersible)
      Mir is a self-propelled Deep Submergence Vehicle. The project was initially developed by the USSR Academy of Sciences along with Design Bureau Lazurith. Later two vehicles were ordered from Finland...

    • Dmitri Shostakovich
      Dmitri Shostakovich
      Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich was a Soviet Russian composer and one of the most celebrated composers of the 20th century....

       (Soviet Composer, awarded three times)
    • Ivan Sidorenko
      Ivan Sidorenko
      Ivan Mikhaylovich Sidorenko was a Red Army officer, who served during World War II. He was one of the top Soviet snipers in the war, with over five hundred confirmed kills.-Early years:...

       (Soviet sniper World War II)
    • Nikolay Sutyagin
      Nikolay Sutyagin
      Captain Nikolay Sutyagin was a Russian fighter pilot in the Second World War and the Korean War.Nikolay Vasil'yevich Sutyagin was born in 1923 near Nizhniy Novgord. His parents were actors, and eventually they moved to the city of Gor'kiy when Nikolay was 11...

      , Fighter pilot in World War II and Korean War
    • Semyon Timoshenko
      Semyon Timoshenko
      Semyon Konstantinovich Timoshenko was a Soviet military commander and senior professional officer of the Red Army at the beginning of the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941.-Early life:...

       (World War II General, awarded 5 times)
    • Josip Broz Tito
      Josip Broz Tito
      Marshal Josip Broz Tito – 4 May 1980) was a Yugoslav revolutionary and statesman. While his presidency has been criticized as authoritarian, Tito was a popular public figure both in Yugoslavia and abroad, viewed as a unifying symbol for the nations of the Yugoslav federation...

       (President of Yugoslavia 1945-1980)
    • Gherman Titov
      Gherman Titov
      Gherman Stepanovich Titov was a Soviet cosmonaut who, on August 6, 1961, became the second human to orbit the Earth aboard Vostok 2, preceded by Yuri Gagarin on Vostok 1...

       (Cosmonaut, awarded twice)
    • Vladislav Tretiak
      Vladislav Tretiak
      Vladislav Aleksandrovich Tretiak, MSM is a former goaltender for the Soviet Union's national ice hockey team. Considered to be one of the greatest goaltenders in the history of the sport, he was voted one of six players to the International Ice Hockey Federation's Centennial All-Star Team in a...

       (Soviet ice hockey
      Ice hockey
      Ice hockey, often referred to as hockey, is a team sport played on ice, in which skaters use wooden or composite sticks to shoot a hard rubber puck into their opponent's net. The game is played between two teams of six players each. Five members of each team skate up and down the ice trying to take...

    • Aleksandr Vasilevsky
      Aleksandr Vasilevsky
      Aleksandr Mikhaylovich Vasilevsky was a Russian career officer in the Red Army, promoted to Marshal of the Soviet Union in 1943. He was the Chief of the General Staff of the Soviet Armed Forces and Deputy Minister of Defense during World War II, as well as Minister of Defense from 1949 to 1953...

       (Soviet marshal, awarded 8 times)
    • Pyotr Vershigora
      Pyotr Vershigora
      Pyotr Petrovich Vershigora or Petro Petrovich Vershyhora was a Soviet writer and one of the leaders of the Soviet partisan movement in Ukraine, Belarus and Poland....

       (Soviet major general and writer, a leader of the Soviet partisans during WWII)
    • Pham Tuan (Vietnamese cosmonaut)
    • Vladislav Volkov
      Vladislav Volkov
      Vladislav Nikolayevich Volkov was a Soviet cosmonaut who flew on the Soyuz 7 and Soyuz 11 missions. The second mission terminated fatally.-Biography:...

    • Kliment Voroshilov
      Kliment Voroshilov
      Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov , popularly known as Klim Voroshilov was a Soviet military officer, politician, and statesman...

       (Marshal of the Soviet Union)
    • Lev Yashin
      Lev Yashin
      Lev Ivanovich Yashin nicknamed as "The Black Spider", was a Soviet-Russian football goalkeeper, considered by many to be the greatest goalkeeper in the history of the game. He was known for his superior athleticism in goal, imposing stature, amazing reflex saves and inventing the idea of...

       (Soviet Football Goalkeeper)
    • Vasily Grigoryevich Zaitsev
      Vasily Grigoryevich Zaitsev
      Vasily Grigoryevich Zaytsev was a Soviet sniper during World War II, notable particularly for his activities between November 10 and December 17, 1942, during the Battle of Stalingrad...

       (Soviet sniper during the Battle of Stalingrad)
    • Yakov Zel'dovich
      Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich
      Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich was a prolific Soviet physicist born in Belarus. He played an important role in the development of Soviet nuclear and thermonuclear weapons, and made important contributions to the fields of adsorption and catalysis, shock waves, nuclear physics, particle physics,...

       (Soviet physicist)
    • Georgy Zhukov
      Georgy Zhukov
      Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov , was a Russian career officer in the Red Army who, in the course of World War II, played a pivotal role in leading the Red Army through much of Eastern Europe to liberate the Soviet Union and other nations from the Axis Powers' occupation...

       (Marshal of the Soviet Union)
    • Lyudmila Zykina
      Lyudmila Zykina
      Lyudmila Georgievna Zykina was a national folk singer of Russia.She was born in Moscow and joined the Pyatnitsky Choir in 1947. Her surname is derived from the Russian word for "loud" . Beginning in 1960 she performed solo...

       (Folk singer)

See also

  • Awards and decorations of the Soviet Union
    Awards and decorations of the Soviet Union
    Awards and decorations of the Soviet Union are decorations from the Former Soviet Union that recognised achievements and personal accomplishments, both military and civilian. Some of the awards, decorations and orders were discontinued after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, while others still...

  • Awards and decorations of the Russian Federation
    Awards and decorations of the Russian Federation
    The award system of the Russian Federation has varied and distinct origins. The first being pre-1917 orders of the Russian Empire re-established after 1991. The second is from former Soviet orders that were slightly modified and kept after the USSR's collapse...

  • Order of Karl Marx
    Order of Karl Marx
    The Order of Karl Marx was the most important order in the German Democratic Republic . Award of the order also included a prize of 20,000 East German marks....

  • Order of Kim Il-Sung
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