during part of the Cold War
. He served as First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
from 1953 to 1964, and as Chairman
of the Council of Ministers, or Premier, from 1958 to 1964. Khrushchev was responsible for the partial de-Stalinization
of the Soviet Union, for backing the progress of the early Soviet space program
, and for several relatively liberal reforms in areas of domestic policy.
1953 Lavrentiy Beria,head of MVD, was arrested by Nikita Khrushchev and other members of the Politburo.
1953 Nikita Khrushchev is elected first secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
1953 Nikita Khrushchev is appointed secretary-general of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
1956 The XX Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union begins in Moscow. On the last night of the meeting, Premier Nikita Khrushchev condemns Joseph Stalin's crimes in a secret speech.
1956 In his speech ''On the Personality Cult and its Consequences'' Nikita Khrushchev, leader of the Soviet Union denounces the cult of personality of Joseph Stalin.
1958 Nikita Khrushchev becomes Premier of the Soviet Union.
1959 At the opening of the American National Exhibition in Moscow, U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev have a "Kitchen Debate".
1959 Nikita Khrushchev becomes the first Soviet leader to visit the United States.
1959 Nikita Khrushchev is barred from visiting Disneyland.
1959 Iowa farmer and corn breeder Roswell Garst hosts Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev.
Yes, today we have genuine Russian weather. Yesterday we had Swedish weather. I can't understand why your weather is so terrible. Maybe it is because you are immediate neighbours of NATO.
Whether you like it or not, history is on our side. We will dig you in. (We will bury you|We will bury you.)
I am very glad to hear this, since I come from the Ukraine. From now on I can sleep peacefully. I will immediately telegraph my daughter in Kiev.
If Konrad Adenauer|Adenauer were here with us in the sauna, we could see for ourselves that Germany is and will remain divided but also that Germany never will rise again.
Mr. President, call the toady of American imperialism to order.
If you start throwing hedgehogs under me, I shall throw a couple of porcupines under you.
Comrades! We must abolish the cult of the individual decisively, once and for all.
My arms are up to the elbows in blood. That is the most terrible thing that lies in my soul.