Yekaterinburg
Overview
 
Yekaterinburg is a major city in the central part of Russia
Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

, the administrative center of Sverdlovsk Oblast
Sverdlovsk Oblast
Sverdlovsk Oblast is a federal subject of Russia located in the Urals Federal District. Its administrative center is the city of Yekaterinburg formerly known as Sverdlovsk. Population: -Geography:...

. Situated on the eastern side of the Ural mountain range
Ural Mountains
The Ural Mountains , or simply the Urals, are a mountain range that runs approximately from north to south through western Russia, from the coast of the Arctic Ocean to the Ural River and northwestern Kazakhstan. Their eastern side is usually considered the natural boundary between Europe and Asia...

, it is the main industrial
Industry
Industry refers to the production of an economic good or service within an economy.-Industrial sectors:There are four key industrial economic sectors: the primary sector, largely raw material extraction industries such as mining and farming; the secondary sector, involving refining, construction,...

 and cultural
Culture
Culture is a term that has many different inter-related meanings. For example, in 1952, Alfred Kroeber and Clyde Kluckhohn compiled a list of 164 definitions of "culture" in Culture: A Critical Review of Concepts and Definitions...

 center of the Urals Federal District
Urals Federal District
Ural Federal District is one of the eight federal districts of Russia. The district was established on 13 May 2000 by a decree of the President of Russia. The district is mostly located in the geographical region of Ural, but also includes some parts of the Volga Region; its extent is different...

 with a population of 1,350,136 (2010 Census preliminary results) (up from 1,293,537 recorded in the 2002 Census
Russian Census (2002)
Russian Census of 2002 was the first census of the Russian Federation carried out on October 9 through October 16, 2002. It was carried out by the Russian Federal Service of State Statistics .-Resident population:...

), making it Russia's fourth-largest city. Between 1924 and 1991, the city was known as
Geographical renaming
Geographical renaming is the changing of the name of a geographical feature or area. This can range from the uncontroversial change of a street name to a highly disputed change to the name of a country. Some names are changed locally but the new names are not recognised by other countries,...

 Sverdlovsk ; after the Bolshevik
Bolshevik
The Bolsheviks, originally also Bolshevists , derived from bol'shinstvo, "majority") were a faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party which split apart from the Menshevik faction at the Second Party Congress in 1903....

 party leader Yakov Sverdlov
Yakov Sverdlov
Yakov Mikhaylovich Sverdlov ; known under pseudonyms "Andrei", "Mikhalych", "Max", "Smirnov", "Permyakov" — 16 March 1919) was a Bolshevik party leader and an official of the Russian Soviet Republic.-Early life:...

.
The city was founded in 1723 by Vasily Tatischev and Georg Wilhelm de Gennin
Georg Wilhelm de Gennin
Georg Wilhelm de Gennin or Vilim Ivanovich de Gennin was a German-born Russian military officer and engineer who specialized in mining and metallurgy....

 and named after Tsar
Tsar
Tsar is a title used to designate certain European Slavic monarchs or supreme rulers. As a system of government in the Tsardom of Russia and Russian Empire, it is known as Tsarist autocracy, or Tsarism...

 Peter the Great's wife Empress Catherine I
Catherine I of Russia
Catherine I , the second wife of Peter the Great, reigned as Empress of Russia from 1725 until her death.-Life as a peasant woman:The life of Catherine I was said by Voltaire to be nearly as extraordinary as that of Peter the Great himself. There are no documents that confirm her origins. Born on...

 (Yekaterina).
Encyclopedia
Yekaterinburg is a major city in the central part of Russia
Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

, the administrative center of Sverdlovsk Oblast
Sverdlovsk Oblast
Sverdlovsk Oblast is a federal subject of Russia located in the Urals Federal District. Its administrative center is the city of Yekaterinburg formerly known as Sverdlovsk. Population: -Geography:...

. Situated on the eastern side of the Ural mountain range
Ural Mountains
The Ural Mountains , or simply the Urals, are a mountain range that runs approximately from north to south through western Russia, from the coast of the Arctic Ocean to the Ural River and northwestern Kazakhstan. Their eastern side is usually considered the natural boundary between Europe and Asia...

, it is the main industrial
Industry
Industry refers to the production of an economic good or service within an economy.-Industrial sectors:There are four key industrial economic sectors: the primary sector, largely raw material extraction industries such as mining and farming; the secondary sector, involving refining, construction,...

 and cultural
Culture
Culture is a term that has many different inter-related meanings. For example, in 1952, Alfred Kroeber and Clyde Kluckhohn compiled a list of 164 definitions of "culture" in Culture: A Critical Review of Concepts and Definitions...

 center of the Urals Federal District
Urals Federal District
Ural Federal District is one of the eight federal districts of Russia. The district was established on 13 May 2000 by a decree of the President of Russia. The district is mostly located in the geographical region of Ural, but also includes some parts of the Volga Region; its extent is different...

 with a population of 1,350,136 (2010 Census preliminary results) (up from 1,293,537 recorded in the 2002 Census
Russian Census (2002)
Russian Census of 2002 was the first census of the Russian Federation carried out on October 9 through October 16, 2002. It was carried out by the Russian Federal Service of State Statistics .-Resident population:...

), making it Russia's fourth-largest city. Between 1924 and 1991, the city was known as
Geographical renaming
Geographical renaming is the changing of the name of a geographical feature or area. This can range from the uncontroversial change of a street name to a highly disputed change to the name of a country. Some names are changed locally but the new names are not recognised by other countries,...

 Sverdlovsk ; after the Bolshevik
Bolshevik
The Bolsheviks, originally also Bolshevists , derived from bol'shinstvo, "majority") were a faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party which split apart from the Menshevik faction at the Second Party Congress in 1903....

 party leader Yakov Sverdlov
Yakov Sverdlov
Yakov Mikhaylovich Sverdlov ; known under pseudonyms "Andrei", "Mikhalych", "Max", "Smirnov", "Permyakov" — 16 March 1919) was a Bolshevik party leader and an official of the Russian Soviet Republic.-Early life:...

.

History

The city was founded in 1723 by Vasily Tatischev and Georg Wilhelm de Gennin
Georg Wilhelm de Gennin
Georg Wilhelm de Gennin or Vilim Ivanovich de Gennin was a German-born Russian military officer and engineer who specialized in mining and metallurgy....

 and named after Tsar
Tsar
Tsar is a title used to designate certain European Slavic monarchs or supreme rulers. As a system of government in the Tsardom of Russia and Russian Empire, it is known as Tsarist autocracy, or Tsarism...

 Peter the Great's wife Empress Catherine I
Catherine I of Russia
Catherine I , the second wife of Peter the Great, reigned as Empress of Russia from 1725 until her death.-Life as a peasant woman:The life of Catherine I was said by Voltaire to be nearly as extraordinary as that of Peter the Great himself. There are no documents that confirm her origins. Born on...

 (Yekaterina). The official date of the city's foundation is November 18, 1723. It was granted town status in 1796.

Soon after the Russian Revolution
Russian Revolution of 1917
The Russian Revolution is the collective term for a series of revolutions in Russia in 1917, which destroyed the Tsarist autocracy and led to the creation of the Soviet Union. The Tsar was deposed and replaced by a provisional government in the first revolution of February 1917...

, on July 17, 1918, Tsar Nicholas II
Nicholas II of Russia
Nicholas II was the last Emperor of Russia, Grand Prince of Finland, and titular King of Poland. His official short title was Nicholas II, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias and he is known as Saint Nicholas the Passion-Bearer by the Russian Orthodox Church.Nicholas II ruled from 1894 until...

, his wife, Alexandra, and their children Grand Duchesses Olga
Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia
Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia ; , November 16 after 1900 – July 17, 1918) was the eldest daughter of the last autocratic ruler of the Russian Empire, Emperor Nicholas II, and of Empress Alexandra of Russia....

, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia, and Tsarevich Alexei were murdered by the Bolshevik
Bolshevik
The Bolsheviks, originally also Bolshevists , derived from bol'shinstvo, "majority") were a faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party which split apart from the Menshevik faction at the Second Party Congress in 1903....

s at the Ipatiev House
Ipatiev House
Ipatiev House was a merchant's house in Yekaterinburg where the former Emperor Nicholas II of Russia, his family and members of his household were executed following the Bolshevik Revolution...

 in this city. Other members of the Romanov
Romanov
The House of Romanov was the second and last imperial dynasty to rule over Russia, reigning from 1613 until the February Revolution abolished the crown in 1917...

 family were killed at Alapayevsk
Alapayevsk
Alapayevsk is a town in Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia, located at the confluence of the Neyva and Alapaikha Rivers. Population: 44,263 ; 50,060 ; 49,000 . The local church is named Saint Catherines....

 the day after. In 1977, the Ipatiev House was demolished by order of Boris Yeltsin
Boris Yeltsin
Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin was the first President of the Russian Federation, serving from 1991 to 1999.Originally a supporter of Mikhail Gorbachev, Yeltsin emerged under the perestroika reforms as one of Gorbachev's most powerful political opponents. On 29 May 1990 he was elected the chairman of...

, to prevent it from being used as a rallying location for monarchists. He later became the first President of Russia and represented the people at the funeral of the Tsar in 1998.

On August 24, 2007, the BBC reported that Russian archaeologists had recently found the remains of two children of Russia's last Tsar. The remains were in ground close to the site in Yekaterinburg where the Tsar, his wife and their three other daughters were found in 1991 along with the remains of four servants. The 2007 discoveries are thought to be those of Prince Alexei and his elder sister Maria. Archaeologist Sergei Pogorelov said bullets found at the burial site indicate the children had been shot. He told Russian television the newly unearthed bones belonged to two young people: a young male aged roughly 10–13 and a young woman about 18–23. Ceramic vessels found nearby appear to have contained sulfuric acid, consistent with an account by one of the Bolshevik firing squad, who said that after shooting the family they doused the bodies in acid to destroy the flesh and prevent them becoming objects of veneration. The Tsar's remains were given a state funeral in July 1998.

During the 1930s, Yekaterinburg was one of the sites developed by the Soviet government as a centre of heavy industry, during which time the famous Uralmash
Uralmash
Uralmash is a heavy machine production facility of the Russian engineering corporation OMZ. The facility is located in Yekaterinburg, Russia. The surrounding residential area where workers live is also called Uralmash....

 was built. Then, during World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

, many government technical institutions and whole factories were relocated to Yekaterinburg away from the war-affected areas (mostly Moscow), with many of them staying in Yekaterinburg after victory. The Hermitage Museum
Hermitage Museum
The State Hermitage is a museum of art and culture in Saint Petersburg, Russia. One of the largest and oldest museums of the world, it was founded in 1764 by Catherine the Great and has been opened to the public since 1852. Its collections, of which only a small part is on permanent display,...

 collections were also partly evacuated from Leningrad
Leningrad
Leningrad is the former name of Saint Petersburg, Russia.Leningrad may also refer to:- Places :* Leningrad Oblast, a federal subject of Russia, around Saint Petersburg* Leningrad, Tajikistan, capital of Muminobod district in Khatlon Province...

 to Sverdlovsk in July 1941 and remained there until October 1945.

The lookalike five-story apartment blocks that remain today in Kirovsky, Chkalovsky, and other residential area
Residential area
A residential area is a land use in which housing predominates, as opposed to industrial and commercial areas.Housing may vary significantly between, and through, residential areas. These include single family housing, multi-family residential, or mobile homes. Zoning for residential use may permit...

s of Yekaterinburg sprang up in the 1960s, under the direction of Khrushchev
Nikita Khrushchev
Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War. He served as First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964, and as Chairman of the Council of Ministers, or Premier, from 1958 to 1964...

's government.

On May 1 1960, an American U-2
Lockheed U-2
The Lockheed U-2, nicknamed "Dragon Lady", is a single-engine, very high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft operated by the United States Air Force and previously flown by the Central Intelligence Agency . It provides day and night, very high-altitude , all-weather intelligence gathering...

 spy plane, piloted by Francis Gary Powers while under the employ of the CIA
Central Intelligence Agency
The Central Intelligence Agency is a civilian intelligence agency of the United States government. It is an executive agency and reports directly to the Director of National Intelligence, responsible for providing national security intelligence assessment to senior United States policymakers...

, was shot down over Sverdlovsk Oblast. He was captured, put on trial, found guilty of espionage
Espionage
Espionage or spying involves an individual obtaining information that is considered secret or confidential without the permission of the holder of the information. Espionage is inherently clandestine, lest the legitimate holder of the information change plans or take other countermeasures once it...

 and sentenced to seven years of hard labour. He served only about a year before being exchanged for Rudolph Abel
Vilyam Genrikhovich Fisher
Vilyam Genrikhovich Fisher was a noted Soviet intelligence officer...

, a high-ranking KGB
KGB
The KGB was the commonly used acronym for the . It was the national security agency of the Soviet Union from 1954 until 1991, and was the premier internal security, intelligence, and secret police organization during that time.The State Security Agency of the Republic of Belarus currently uses the...

 spy, who had been apprehended in the United States in 1957.

There was an anthrax outbreak
Outbreak
Outbreak is a term used in epidemiology to describe an occurrence of disease greater than would otherwise be expected at a particular time and place. It may affect a small and localized group or impact upon thousands of people across an entire continent. Two linked cases of a rare infectious...

 in Yekaterinburg (then Sverdlovsk) in April and May 1979, which was attributed by Soviet officials to the locals eating contaminated meat
Meat
Meat is animal flesh that is used as food. Most often, this means the skeletal muscle and associated fat and other tissues, but it may also describe other edible tissues such as organs and offal...

. However, American agencies believe that the locals inhaled spore
Spore
In biology, a spore is a reproductive structure that is adapted for dispersal and surviving for extended periods of time in unfavorable conditions. Spores form part of the life cycles of many bacteria, plants, algae, fungi and some protozoa. According to scientist Dr...

s accidentally released from an aerosol of a pathogen
Pathogen
A pathogen gignomai "I give birth to") or infectious agent — colloquially, a germ — is a microbe or microorganism such as a virus, bacterium, prion, or fungus that causes disease in its animal or plant host...

 at a military microbiology
Microbiology
Microbiology is the study of microorganisms, which are defined as any microscopic organism that comprises either a single cell , cell clusters or no cell at all . This includes eukaryotes, such as fungi and protists, and prokaryotes...

 facility. Dr. Kanatjan Alibekov's account of the Sverdlovsk anthrax leak
Sverdlovsk anthrax leak
The Sverdlovsk anthrax leak is an incident when spores of anthrax were accidentally released from a military facility in the city of Sverdlovsk 1450 km east of Moscow on April 2, 1979. This accident is sometimes called "biological Chernobyl"...

 in his book Biohazard
Biohazard (book)
Biohazard, subtitled The Chilling True Story of the Largest Covert Biological Weapons Program in the World - Told from Inside by the Man Who Ran It, is the title of a 1999 book by former Soviet biological warfare researcher Ken Alibek that purports to expose the former Soviet Union's extensive...

agrees with the American agencies' view. In 1992 Boris Yeltsin admitted that the anthrax outbreak was caused by the military. In 1994, a team of independent American researchers led by Matthew Meselson
Matthew Meselson
Matthew Stanley Meselson is an American geneticist and molecular biologist whose research was important in showing how DNA replicates, recombines and is repaired in cells. In his mature years, he has been an active chemical and biological weapons activist and consultant...

 concluded that the illnesses were the result of an anthrax release from the Sverdlovsk-19 military facility.

During the 1991 coup d'état attempt, Sverdlovsk, the home city of President Boris Yeltsin, was selected by him as a reserve capital for the Russian Federation in the event that Moscow became too dangerous for the Russian government. A reserve cabinet headed by Oleg Lobov
Oleg Lobov
Oleg Ivanovich Lobov is a Russian politician who served as acting First Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic) from 19th April 1991 - 15th November 1991 and also was acting Chairman of the Council of Ministers – Government of the Russian...

 was sent to the city, where Yeltsin enjoyed strong popular support at that time. Shortly after the failure of the coup and subsequent dissolution of the USSR, the city regained its historical name (Yekaterinburg).

Geography and climate

Yekaterinburg is situated on the border of Europe and Asia, 1667 kilometres (1,035.8 mi) east of Moscow, on the eastern side of the Ural Mountains
Ural Mountains
The Ural Mountains , or simply the Urals, are a mountain range that runs approximately from north to south through western Russia, from the coast of the Arctic Ocean to the Ural River and northwestern Kazakhstan. Their eastern side is usually considered the natural boundary between Europe and Asia...

 on the Iset River
Iset River
Iset River is a river in Sverdlovsk, Kurgan, and Tyumen Oblasts in Russia. It rises in the Ural Mountains 25km northwest of Yekaterinburg and flows east into the Tobol River. To the north of its basin is that of Tura River and to the south, the Uy River. The length of the Iset River is...

. It is surrounded by partially-wooded plains, mainly cultivated for agricultural purposes, and small lakes. The city features a humid continental climate
Humid continental climate
A humid continental climate is a climatic region typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot summers and cold winters....

 (Dfb) under the Koppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by Crimea German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen himself, notably in 1918 and 1936...

. The winter lasts for about six months—from October until the middle of April—and the temperature may fall to -45 C, though rarely lower than -20 C to 25 °C (77 °F). Summer in the Urals is short, with warm weather for only 65–70 days and an average temperature of 18 °C (64.4 °F). The city's location "behind" the mountain range and highly variable winds mean that the weather is quite changeable from one day to the next and from year to year.

Population

Having decreased from 1990s, the population grew slowly in the 21st century.
style="font-weight: bold; font-size: 1.1em; margin-bottom: 0.5em"| Demographic evolution
1724 1781 1820 1861 1917 1926 1939
4,000 7,969 13,026 19,832 71,590 134,800 423,000
1959 1970 1979 1989 2002 2005 2010
778,600 1,025,000 1,211,200 1,364,621 1,293,537 1,335,500 1,350,136

Economy

The main areas of the region's industry are machinery, metal processing, and ferrous and non-ferrous
Ferrous
Ferrous , in chemistry, indicates a divalent iron compound , as opposed to ferric, which indicates a trivalent iron compound ....

 metallurgy
Metallurgy
Metallurgy is a domain of materials science that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their intermetallic compounds, and their mixtures, which are called alloys. It is also the technology of metals: the way in which science is applied to their practical use...

.

Recently the commercial economy has improved, and business centers like Yekaterinburg-City
Yekaterinburg-City
Yekaterinburg-City is a commercial center under construction in the center of Yekaterinburg. The project combines more than 400,000 square meters of commercial space, offices, hotels, entertainment centers, cafes, and restaurants...

 have been planned. One of the tallest buildings in Yekaterinburg Antey 3 is a skyscraper which is now complete. It is the tallest structure in Russia
Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

 outside of Moscow
Moscow
Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...

.

Ural Airlines
Ural Airlines
Ural Airlines is an airline based in Yekaterinburg, Russia, operating scheduled and chartered domestic and international flights out of Koltsovo International Airport...

 has its head office in Yekaterinburg.

Education

The Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Academy of Sciences
The Russian Academy of Sciences consists of the national academy of Russia and a network of scientific research institutes from across the Russian Federation as well as auxiliary scientific and social units like libraries, publishers and hospitals....

 (UB RAS) and numerous scientific research institutes and establishments are situated in Yekaterinburg. With its 16 state-owned universities and educational academies, as well as a number of private higher education institutions (as of 2005), Yekaterinburg is considered the leading educational and scientific center of the Urals. These institutions include the Ural Federal University
Ural Federal University
The Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B. N. Yeltsin is one of the leading educational institutions in the Ural region. Ural Federal University acts as a research and innovation center of the Ural region, has close cooperation with the Russian Academy of Sciences...

 (on base Ural A.M. Gorky State University
Ural State University
The Ural State University is located in the city of Yekaterinburg, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russian Federation. Founded in 1920, it was an exclusive educational establishment made of several institutes which later became independent universities and schools.In 1936 the university was named after one of...

 and Ural State Technical University
Ural State Technical University
Ural State Technical University is a higher education institute in Yekaterinburg, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russian Federation. It is the biggest technical institution of higher education in Russia, with close ties to local industry in the Urals...

), Ural State Pedagogical University, Ural State University of Forestry, Urals State University of Mines
Urals State University of Mines
Ural State University of Mines is situated in Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation. It was founded in 1914. In 1917 Nicholas II signed an order titled "On keeping of the Yekaterinburg Institute of Mines under the patronage of His Majesty the Emperor and on giving to this educational establishment the...

, Ural State University of Railway Transport, Russian State Vocational Pedagogics University, Ural State University of Economics, Military Institute of Artillery, Ural State Conservatory
Ural State Conservatory
Urals Mussorgsky State Conservatoire is a musical university in Yekaterinburg, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia.The Ural State Conservatory was founded in 1934. The opening of the Conservatory was predetermined by the necessity of training the highly qualified specialists for musical theatres, concert...

, Ural State Agricultural Academy, Ural State Law Academy
Ural State Law Academy
Ural State Law Academy is a public, research university institution, that includes law oriented universities, colleges, faculties and other public graduate educational institutions located in Yekaterinburg, Russia. USLA's main campus is situated in the Yekaterinburg...

, Ural State Academy of Medicine, Ural State Academy of Performing Arts, Ural Academy of Public Service, Institute of International Relations
Institute of International Relations Yekaterinburg
Institute of International Relations is a non-state academic institution located in Yekaterinburg, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia. It has a state accreditation...

, and the Urals Academy of Architecture
Urals Academy of Architecture
Urals Academy of Architecture is situated in Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation. It was founded in 1947 as a department of architecture at the Ural State Technical University...

.

Transport and accommodation

Yekaterinburg, which is still called by its Soviet name Sverdlovsk in rail timetables, is an important railway junction on the Trans-Siberian Railway
Trans-Siberian Railway
The Trans-Siberian Railway is a network of railways connecting Moscow with the Russian Far East and the Sea of Japan. It is the longest railway in the world...

, with lines radiating to all parts of the Urals and the rest of Russia.

As the economy grew stronger after the slump of the 1990s, several European airlines started or resumed flying to the city's Koltsovo International Airport
Koltsovo International Airport
Koltsovo Airport is an international airport located 16 km southeast of Yekaterinburg, Russia. The airport is a hub for Ural Airlines and Aviacon Zitotrans....

 (SVX). These include Turkish Airlines
Turkish Airlines
Turkish Airlines is the national flag carrier airline of Turkey, headquartered in the Turkish Airlines General Management Building on the grounds of Atatürk Airport in Yeşilköy, Bakirköy district, Istanbul...

, Lufthansa
Lufthansa
Deutsche Lufthansa AG is the flag carrier of Germany and the largest airline in Europe in terms of overall passengers carried. The name of the company is derived from Luft , and Hansa .The airline is the world's fourth-largest airline in terms of overall passengers carried, operating...

, Malév, Austrian Airlines
Austrian Airlines
Austrian Airlines is the flag carrier airline of Austria, headquartered in Office Park 2 on the grounds of Vienna International Airport in Schwechat, Wien-Umgebung and a subsidiary of Deutsche Lufthansa AG. Together with regional subsidiary Tyrolean Airways and charter arm Lauda Air, it operates...

, Czech Airlines
Czech Airlines
Czech Airlines j.s.c. , trading as Czech Airlines , is the national airline of the Czech Republic and temporary in Slovakia with its head office on the grounds of Ruzyně Airport in Ruzyně, Prague...

 and Finnair
Finnair
Finnair Plc is the flag carrier and largest airline of Finland, with its headquarters on the grounds of Helsinki Airport in Vantaa, Finland, and its main hub at Helsinki Airport. Finnair and its subsidiaries dominate both the domestic and international air travel markets in Finland. The largest...

.

Two low-cost airlines are SkyExpress
Sky Express
CJSC Sky Express , also known in Russian as Скай Экспресс, was the first Russian airline to present itself as a low-cost carrier focusing on domestic flights...

 and Avianova
Avianova (Russia)
Avianova, LLC was a low cost airline based in Moscow, Russia. From its hub at Sheremetyevo International Airport, the carrier served a number of destinations within Russia, as well as an international destination within Ukraine.- History :...

.

Yekaterinburg is also served by the smaller Yekaterinburg Aramil Airport.

Yekaterinburg's public transit network includes many tram
Tram
A tram is a passenger rail vehicle which runs on tracks along public urban streets and also sometimes on separate rights of way. It may also run between cities and/or towns , and/or partially grade separated even in the cities...

, bus
Bus
A bus is a road vehicle designed to carry passengers. Buses can have a capacity as high as 300 passengers. The most common type of bus is the single-decker bus, with larger loads carried by double-decker buses and articulated buses, and smaller loads carried by midibuses and minibuses; coaches are...

, trolleybus
Trolleybus
A trolleybus is an electric bus that draws its electricity from overhead wires using spring-loaded trolley poles. Two wires and poles are required to complete the electrical circuit...

, Marshrutka
Marshrutka
Marshrutka , from marshrutnoye taksi is a share taxi in the CIS countries, the Baltic states, and Bulgaria. Marshrutnoye taksi literally means routed taxicab...

 routes and Yekaterinburg Metro
Yekaterinburg Metro
The Yekaterinburg Metro is a rapid transit system that serves the city of Yekaterinburg, Russia.-History:Yekaterinburg, formerly called Sverdlovsk, was always known as the informal capital of the Urals, a natural divide between Europe and Asia, between Siberia and the European Russia. The city...

 which opened in 1991.Today, the Yekaterinburg Metro contains one line, with a total of seven stations.

Culture

The city has several dozen libraries, including the V. G. Belinsky Scientific Library, which is the largest public library in Sverdlovsk Oblast
Sverdlovsk Oblast
Sverdlovsk Oblast is a federal subject of Russia located in the Urals Federal District. Its administrative center is the city of Yekaterinburg formerly known as Sverdlovsk. Population: -Geography:...

.

Yekaterinburg is famous for its theaters, among which are some very popular theatre companies: the Yekaterinburg Academic Ballet and Opera Company, the Sverdlovsk Academic Theater of Musical Comedy (a notable company known in Russia and in ex-Soviet republics as Свердловская музкомедияSverdlovskaya muzkomedia), the Yekaterinburg Academic Dramatic Theater, the Yekaterinburg Theater for Young Spectators, the Volkhonka (a popular chamber theatre), and the Kolyada Theater (a chamber theatre founded by Russian playwright, producer and actor Nikolai Kolyada). Yekaterinburg is the centre of New Drama, a movement of the contemporary Russian playwrights Nikolai Kolyada, Vasily Sigarev, Konstantin Kostenko
Konstantin Kostenko
Konstantin Kostenko is a Soviet sprint canoer who competed in the late 1960s. He won three medals in the K-2 10000 m event at the ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships with two golds and a bronze .-References:**...

, the Presnyakov brothers
Presnyakov brothers
The Presnyakov Brothers are writers, playwrights, screenwriters, directors, producers and actors.The sons of an Iranian mother and a Russian father, Oleg was born in 1969 and Vladimir in 1974.Both brothers graduated from the same school: M...

, and Oleg Bogayev
Oleg Bogayev
Oleg Anatolyevich Bogayev , born 1970, is a Russian playwright based in Yekaterinburg. He has been described by Moscow Times theatre critic John Freedman as "one of the first and best-known students to graduate from [Nikolai] Kolyada’s playwriting course at the Yekaterinburg State Theatre...

. Yekaterinburg is often called the capital of contemporary dance for a number of famous dance companies residing in the city: the Kipling, the Provincial Dances, the Tantstrest, and a special department of contemporary dance at the Yekaterinburg University of Humanities.

A number of popular Russian rock bands, such as Urfin Dzhyus, Chaif
Chaif
Chaif is a Russian rock band formed in 1984 in Sverdlovsk , Russia, by Vladimir Shakhrin and Vladimir Begunov. Their name is derived from the word chai, meaning tea, and kaif , meaning pleasure. The band reached national fame in 1992 with songs such as Don't Hurry and 17...

, Chicherina, Nautilus Pompilius
Nautilus Pompilius (band)
Nautilus Pompilius , sometimes nicknamed Nau , was a prominent Soviet/Russian rock band formed by the lead singer Vyacheslav Butusov and bassist Dmitry Umetsky while the two studied in Sverdlovsk Institute of Architecture . The band, with its various incarnations, was active between the years 1983...

, Nastya, Trek, Agata Kristi
Agata Kristi
Agatha Christie is a Russian gothic rock band led by brothers Vadim and Gleb Samoylov, that was established in Sverdlovsk in 1988. It is named after English detective writer Agatha Christie. According to Gleb Samoylov, it's the band playing art-rock and rock'n'roll, and with texts infiltrated by...

 and Smyslovye Gallyutsinatsii, were originally formed in Yekaterinburg (Ural Rock is often considered as a particular variety of rock music; Yekaterinburg and St. Petersburg are considered to be the main centers of rock music in Russia). Also, some famous opera singers – Boris Shtokolov
Boris Shtokolov
Boris Shtokolov was a famous Soviet and Russian singer, one of the greatest basses of the 20th century.Boris Shtokolov was born in the city of Kuznetsk, Kemerovo Oblast . In 1949 he entered the Ural State Conservatory in Sverdlovsk but wanted to became a military pilot...

, Yuri Gulyayev, Vera Bayeva – graduated from the Urals State Conservatory. The Ural Philharmonic Orchestra
Ural Philharmonic Orchestra
Ural Philharmonic Orchestra is a full orchestra based in Yekaterinburg and considered to be one of the leading orchestras in Russia...

 (currently conducted by Dmitry Liss
Dmitry Liss
Dmitry Liss - Russian conductor considered to be one of the best European conductors of his generation and famous for his elegant style and artistic execution, artistic director and chief conductor of the Ural Philharmonic Orchestra.-Biography:...

), founded by Mark Paverman and located in Yekaterinburg, is also very popular in Russia and in Europe, as well as the Ural Academic Popular Chorus, a famous folk-singing and dance ensemble.

There are more than 30 museums in Yekaterinburg, including several museums of Ural minerals and jewellery, art galleries, one of the largest collections anywhere of Kasli mouldings (a traditional kind of cast-iron sculpture in the Urals), and the famous Shigirskaya Kladovaya (Шигирская кладовая), or Shigir Collection, which includes the oldest wood sculpture in the world: the Shigir Idol
Shigir Idol
The Shigir Idol , is the most ancient wooden sculpture in the world, made during the Mesolithic period, around 7,500 BCE.It is displayed in the "Historic Exhibition" Museum in Yekaterinburg, Russia.- Discovery :...

, found near Nevyansk
Nevyansk
Nevyansk is a town in Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Neyva River on the eastern slope of the Middle Urals, north of Yekaterinburg. Population: 29,800 ....

 and estimated to have been made about 9,500 years ago. Only in Yekaterinburg can you see a collection of Nevyansk icons- in the Nevyansk Icon Museum
Nevyansk Icon Museum
The Nevyansk Icon Museum in Yekaterinburg, Russia is a private museum of icons in Russia. More than 300 Nevyansk icons of 18-20 centuries are exposed there. Entrance is free for everyone.The museum was opened in 1999 by Evgeniy Roizman...

, with more than 300 icons representing 18–20 centuries on display.
Vladimir Yelizarov's Recording Studio SVE Records is based in Yekaterinburg. The studio is in a private residence built in 1837 under a title "The House of the Misters", in one of historical centers of Yekaterinburg city, two hundred meters from Verkh-Isetsky Lake. In 1987, American singer Tina Turner recorded two tracks which later appeared on her 1989 album Foreign Affair whilst in the city as part of her highly acclaimed Break Every Rule World Tour.

Yekaterinburg also has a circus
Yekaterinburg Circus
Yekaterinburg Circus is a circus building for 2600 spectators in Yekaterinburg. Yeaterinburg circus has a lattice steel dome with a distinctive shape, which makes one of the Yekaterinburg's landmarks. The circus was built in 1980 on the right bank of Iset river.-External links:*...

 building, and one of the tallest incomplete architectural structures in the world, the Yekaterinburg TV Tower
Yekaterinburg TV Tower
Yekaterinburg TV Tower is a tall incomplete structure in Yekaterinburg, Russia. Construction works started 1983, but were on-hold at the beginning of the 1990s, as its shaft reached a height of 220 metres. According to plans, the tower was intended to reach a structural height greater than 400...

. There are also a number of unusual monuments: e. g. a popular landmark Keyboard monument
Keyboard monument
Keyboard monument is an outdoor sculpture featuring the QWERTY keyboard. It is located in the Russian city of Yekaterinburg and is popular among tourists...

 and a monument to Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
Michael Joseph Jackson was an American recording artist, entertainer, and businessman. Referred to as the King of Pop, or by his initials MJ, Jackson is recognized as the most successful entertainer of all time by Guinness World Records...

.

Sports

  • Association football club FC Ural Sverdlovsk Oblast
    FC Ural Sverdlovsk Oblast
    FC Ural is a Russian football club. The club is based in Yekaterinburg but represents all Sverdlovsk Oblast. The club is in the Russian First Division.-Club colours:-History:...

     plays in the Russian First Division.
  • Futsal
    Futsal
    Futsal is a variant of association football that is played on a smaller pitch and mainly played indoors. Its name is a portmanteau of the Portuguese futebol de salão and the Spanish fútbol de salón , which can be translated as "hall football" or "indoor football"...

     club MFK Viz-Sinara Yekaterinburg
    MFK Viz-Sinara Yekaterinburg
    Viz-Sinara Yekaterinburg are a futsal club based in Yekaterinburg, Russia. They had been founded in 1992. They compete in Russian futsal Superliga....

     are the current Russian champions and the champions of UEFA Futsal Cup
    UEFA Futsal Cup
    The UEFA Futsal Cup is an annual futsal competition for European club teams. It was founded in 2001–02, replacing the Futsal European Clubs Championship, a former competition never recognized as official, despite their 15 editions. The final of the 1st edition was disputed as a single game in...

     in 2008.
  • Women basketball
    Basketball
    Basketball is a team sport in which two teams of five players try to score points by throwing or "shooting" a ball through the top of a basketball hoop while following a set of rules...

     club UMMC Ekaterinburg
    UMMC Ekaterinburg
    UMMC Ekaterinburg is a women's basketball team based in Yekaterinburg, Russia that plays in Russia's domestic league and FIBA Europe’s EuroLeague Women. It is a highly successful team in recent years.-External links:* *...

     are the current Russian champions and the champions of EuroLeague Women
    EuroLeague Women
    The EuroLeague Women is the highest professional basketball league in Europe for women’s clubs.Unlike Euroleague for men, the competition is entirely organized by FIBA Europe.-Between 2004-2011:...

     in 2003.
  • Ice hockey
    Ice hockey
    Ice hockey, often referred to as hockey, is a team sport played on ice, in which skaters use wooden or composite sticks to shoot a hard rubber puck into their opponent's net. The game is played between two teams of six players each. Five members of each team skate up and down the ice trying to take...

     club Avtomobilist
    Avtomobilist Yekaterinburg
    Avtomobilist is a professional ice hockey team based in Yekaterinburg, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia. They replaced Khimik Voskresensk in the Kontinental Hockey League in 2009.-External links:...

     plays in the Kontinental Hockey League
    Kontinental Hockey League
    The Kontinental Hockey League is an international professional ice hockey league in Eurasia founded in 2008. As of 2009, it is ranked as the strongest hockey league in Europe....

    .
  • Bandy
    Bandy
    Bandy is a team winter sport played on ice, in which skaters use sticks to direct a ball into the opposing team's goal.The rules of the game have many similarities to those of association football: the game is played on a rectangle of ice the same size as a football field. Each team has 11 players,...

     club SKA Sverdlovsk http://www.skaburg.narod.ru/ is one of the classical teams in which The King of Bandy, Nikolay Durakov played.

International relations

Being the largest city in the Urals, Yekaterinburg has a number of consulates of major countries. This is convenient for people wishing to make a visa
Visa (document)
A visa is a document showing that a person is authorized to enter the territory for which it was issued, subject to permission of an immigration official at the time of actual entry. The authorization may be a document, but more commonly it is a stamp endorsed in the applicant's passport...

 application and needing to attend an interview. It can easily take a half-week off the traveling time to get to the interview (in the event that there are internal flights to Yekaterinburg, they may only be once per week).

Consulates

  • United States Consulate—15 Gogol Street; the first consulate with a visa section in the Urals, established in 1994.
  • United Kingdom Consulate—-established 1997 as a full consulate with a visa section, on 15a Gogol Street.
  • The Federal Republic of Germany
    Germany
    Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

     Consulate—-a full consulate with a visa section, on 44 Kuybysheva St.
  • Czech Republic Consulate—general with a visa section, on 15 Gogol Street.
  • Kyrgyzstan
    Kyrgyzstan
    Kyrgyzstan , officially the Kyrgyz Republic is one of the world's six independent Turkic states . Located in Central Asia, landlocked and mountainous, Kyrgyzstan is bordered by Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west, Tajikistan to the southwest and China to the east...

     Consulate—general on 105 Bolshakova Street.
  • Bulgaria
    Bulgaria
    Bulgaria , officially the Republic of Bulgaria , is a parliamentary democracy within a unitary constitutional republic in Southeast Europe. The country borders Romania to the north, Serbia and Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, as well as the Black Sea to the east...

     Consulate—generale on 74 Lunacharskogo Street.
  • The People's Republic of China Consulate—general with a visa section on 52 Mamina-Sibiryaka Street.
  • The Republic of Hungary
    Hungary
    Hungary , officially the Republic of Hungary , is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is situated in the Carpathian Basin and is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine and Romania to the east, Serbia and Croatia to the south, Slovenia to the southwest and Austria to the west. The...

     Consulate—-a full consulate with a visa section, on 15a Gogol Street.
  • The Republic of Austria
    Austria
    Austria , officially the Republic of Austria , is a landlocked country of roughly 8.4 million people in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the...

     Consulate—-honorary consular representation on 16 Turgeneva Street / 13 Pervomayskya Street.
  • The Republic of Armenia
    Armenia
    Armenia , officially the Republic of Armenia , is a landlocked mountainous country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia...

     Consulate—-honorary consular representation.
  • The Italian Republic
    Italy
    Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and...

     Consulate—-honorary consular representation on 28 Kirov Street.
  • The Socialist Republic of Viet Nam
    Vietnam
    Vietnam – sometimes spelled Viet Nam , officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam – is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is bordered by China to the north, Laos to the northwest, Cambodia to the southwest, and the South China Sea –...

     Consulate—general on 22 Karl Libknehta Street.
  • The French Republic
    France
    The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

     General—Consulate—-a full consulate with a visa section on 22 Karl Libknehta Street.
  • Spanish Visa Application Centre −36 Gogol Street.

BRIC Summit

The BRIC
BRIC
In economics, BRIC is a grouping acronym that refers to the countries of Brazil, Russia, India and China, which are all deemed to be at a similar stage of newly advanced economic development...

 countries met for their first official summit
1st BRIC summit
The 1st BRIC summit took place in Yekaterinburg, Russia on June 16, 2009. The four heads of government from the BRIC countries attended.-Overview:...

 on 16 June 2009, in Yekaterinburg, with Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva , known popularly as Lula, served as the 35th President of Brazil from 2003 to 2010.A founding member of the Workers' Party , he ran for President three times unsuccessfully, first in the 1989 election. Lula achieved victory in the 2002 election, and was inaugurated as...

, Dmitry Medvedev
Dmitry Medvedev
Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev is the third President of the Russian Federation.Born to a family of academics, Medvedev graduated from the Law Department of Leningrad State University in 1987. He defended his dissertation in 1990 and worked as a docent at his alma mater, now renamed to Saint...

, Manmohan Singh
Manmohan Singh
Manmohan Singh is the 13th and current Prime Minister of India. He is the only Prime Minister since Jawaharlal Nehru to return to power after completing a full five-year term. A Sikh, he is the first non-Hindu to occupy the office. Singh is also the 7th Prime Minister belonging to the Indian...

, and Hu Jintao
Hu Jintao
Hu Jintao is the current Paramount Leader of the People's Republic of China. He has held the titles of General Secretary of the Communist Party of China since 2002, President of the People's Republic of China since 2003, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission since 2004, succeeding Jiang...

, the respective leaders of Brazil, Russia, India and China, all attending.

The foreign ministers of the BRIC countries had also met in Yekaterinburg previously on May 16 2008.

Twin cities

Yekaterinburg is a sister city of:
Plzeň, Czech Republic
Czech Republic
The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe. The country is bordered by Poland to the northeast, Slovakia to the east, Austria to the south, and Germany to the west and northwest....

  Wuppertal
Wuppertal
Wuppertal is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in and around the Wupper river valley, and is situated east of the city of Düsseldorf and south of the Ruhr area. With a population of approximately 350,000, it is the largest city in the Bergisches Land...

, Germany
Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

, since 1993 San Jose
San Jose, California
San Jose is the third-largest city in California, the tenth-largest in the U.S., and the county seat of Santa Clara County which is located at the southern end of San Francisco Bay...

, United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

, since 1992 Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Guangzhou , known historically as Canton or Kwangchow, is the capital and largest city of the Guangdong province in the People's Republic of China. Located in southern China on the Pearl River, about north-northwest of Hong Kong, Guangzhou is a key national transportation hub and trading port...

, China
China
Chinese civilization may refer to:* China for more general discussion of the country.* Chinese culture* Greater China, the transnational community of ethnic Chinese.* History of China* Sinosphere, the area historically affected by Chinese culture...

, since July 10, 2002 Genoa
Genoa
Genoa |Ligurian]] Zena ; Latin and, archaically, English Genua) is a city and an important seaport in northern Italy, the capital of the Province of Genoa and of the region of Liguria....

, Italy
Italy
Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and...

 Ferentino
Ferentino
Ferentino is a town and comune in Italy, in the province of Frosinone, Lazio, 65 km southeast of Rome.It is situated on a hill 400 m above sea-level, in the Monti Ernici area.-History:...

, Italy Incheon
Incheon
The Incheon Metropolitan City is located in northwestern South Korea. The city was home to just 4,700 people when Jemulpo port was built in 1883. Today 2.76 million people live in the city, making it Korea’s third most populous city after Seoul and Busan Metropolitan City...

, South Korea
South Korea
The Republic of Korea , , is a sovereign state in East Asia, located on the southern portion of the Korean Peninsula. It is neighbored by the People's Republic of China to the west, Japan to the east, North Korea to the north, and the East China Sea and Republic of China to the south...

  Most
Most
Most is the capital city of the Most District, situated between the Czech Central Mountains and the Ore Mountains, approximately northwest of Prague along the Bílina River and southwest of Ústí nad Labem.-Etymology:...

, Czech Republic Kanpur, India
India
India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...



Notable citizens

  • Irina Antonenko
    Irina Antonenko
    Irina Igorevna Antonenko is a Russian actress, model and beauty queen who helds the title of Miss Russia 2010. She also placed in the Top 15 at the Miss Universe 2010 pageant held on August 23, 2010 in Las Vegas, Nevada.- Biography :...

    , Miss Russia 2010
    Miss Russia 2010
    Miss Russia 2010, was held in Barvikha Luxury Village Concert Hall in Moscow, Russia, on 6 March 2010. 51 contestants from all over the Russia competed for the crown...

  • Pavel Bazhov
    Pavel Bazhov
    Pavel Petrovich Bazhov was a Russian writer.Bazhov is best known for his collection of fairy-tale stories The Malachite Casket , based on the Urals folklore and published in the Soviet Union in 1939. In 1944, the translation of the collection into English was published in New York and London...

    , folklorist and children's author
  • Sergei Chepikov, biathlon competitor, Olympic champion
  • Chiang Fang-liang, former first lady of Taiwan
  • Pavel Datsyuk
    Pavel Datsyuk
    Pavel Valerievich Datsyuk is a professional ice hockey player from Russia and alternate captain for the Detroit Red Wings of the National Hockey League . He is known for his stick-handling and is considered the best two-way forward in the game today, having won the Frank J. Selke Trophy in the...

    , professional ice hockey
    Ice hockey
    Ice hockey, often referred to as hockey, is a team sport played on ice, in which skaters use wooden or composite sticks to shoot a hard rubber puck into their opponent's net. The game is played between two teams of six players each. Five members of each team skate up and down the ice trying to take...

     player and alternate captain
    Captain (ice hockey)
    In ice hockey, each team can designate an official captain for each game. The player serving as captain during the game wears a "C" on his or her jersey...

     of the Detroit Red Wings
    Detroit Red Wings
    The Detroit Red Wings are a professional ice hockey team based in Detroit, Michigan. They are members of the Central Division of the Western Conference of the National Hockey League , and are one of the Original Six teams of the NHL, along with the Toronto Maple Leafs, Montreal Canadiens, New York...

     of the National Hockey League
    National Hockey League
    The National Hockey League is an unincorporated not-for-profit association which operates a major professional ice hockey league of 30 franchised member clubs, of which 7 are currently located in Canada and 23 in the United States...

  • Nikolai Karpol, coach of the national women volleyball team and the legendary Yekaterinburg women volleyball club Uralochka
  • Nikolai Khabibulin
    Nikolai Khabibulin
    Nikolai Ivanovich Khabibulin is a Russian professional ice hockey goaltender currently playing for the Edmonton Oilers of the National Hockey League...

    , Stanley Cup
    Stanley Cup
    The Stanley Cup is an ice hockey club trophy, awarded annually to the National Hockey League playoffs champion after the conclusion of the Stanley Cup Finals. It has been referred to as The Cup, Lord Stanley's Cup, The Holy Grail, or facetiously as Lord Stanley's Mug...

    -winning goalie, currently with the Edmonton Oilers
    Edmonton Oilers
    The Edmonton Oilers are a professional ice hockey team based in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. They are members of the Northwest Division in the Western Conference of the National Hockey League ....

  • Alexei Khvostenko
    Alexei Khvostenko
    Alexei Khvostenko , November 14, 1940 – November 30, 2004, was a Russian avant-garde poet, singer-songwriter, artist and sculptor. Khvostenko is also frequently referred to by the nickname Khvost , meaning "tail".-Biography:...

    , avant-garde poet, singer-songwriter, artist, and sculptor
  • Ilya Kormiltsev
    Ilya Kormiltsev
    Ilya Valeryevich Kormiltsev - d. February 4, 2007, London, UK) was a Russian poet, translator, and publisher.Kormiltsev is most famous for working as songwriter and producer in Nautilus Pompilius, one of most popular rock bands in Soviet Union and, later, Russia...

    , poet, translator, publisher
  • Vladislav Krapivin
    Vladislav Krapivin
    Vladislav Petrovich Krapivin is a Russian children's books writer.- Biography :Vladislav Petrovich Krapivin was born in the city of Tyumen on 14 October 1938. He received a degree in journalism from the Ural State University. In the course of his studies, he started working at the newspaper...

    , children's author
  • Nikolai Krasovsky
    Nikolai Nikolaevich Krasovsky
    Nikolay Nikolayevich Krasovsky is a prominent Russian mathematician who works in the mathematical theory of control, the theory of dynamical systems, and the theory of differential games...

    , mathematician
  • Evgeny Mikhailovich Malakhin, "The Old Man Bukashkin"
  • Gennady Mesyats
    Gennady Mesyats
    Gennady Andreyevich Mesyats is a Russian physicist, founder of several scientific schools — high-current electronics and pulse electrophysics, one of the acknowledged world leaders in these areas...

    , vice-president of the Russian Academy of Sciences
    Russian Academy of Sciences
    The Russian Academy of Sciences consists of the national academy of Russia and a network of scientific research institutes from across the Russian Federation as well as auxiliary scientific and social units like libraries, publishers and hospitals....

    , one of the founders of the contemporary Demidov Prize
    Demidov Prize
    The Demidov Prize was a national scientific prize in the Russian Empire awarded annually to the members of the Russian Academy of Sciences. One of the most prestigious and oldest scientific awards in the world, its traditions influenced other awards of this kind including the Nobel Prize...

  • Ernst Neizvestny
    Ernst Neizvestny
    Ernst Iosifovich Neizvestny is a Russian sculptor. He currently lives and works in New York City. His last name in Russian literally means "unknown"....

    , sculptor
  • Oleg Platonov
    Oleg Platonov
    Oleg Anatolyevich Platonov is a contemporary Russian writer, historian, and economist. He is the Director General of the Institute for the History of Russian Civilization, a Moscow-based think tank....

    , writer, historian, and economist
  • Eduard Rossel
    Eduard Rossel
    Eduard Ergartovich Rossel was the governor of Sverdlovsk Oblast, an oblast in Russia. He was born on October 8, 1937, and is of German origin. He returned into office in 1995. He is a member of the Federation Council of Russia.Eduard Rossel was born a village near Nizhny Novgorod...

    , ex-governor of Sverdlovsk Oblast
    Sverdlovsk Oblast
    Sverdlovsk Oblast is a federal subject of Russia located in the Urals Federal District. Its administrative center is the city of Yekaterinburg formerly known as Sverdlovsk. Population: -Geography:...

  • Vladimir Tretyakov
    Vladimir Tretyakov
    Vladimir Tretyakov is a Russian mathematician. He has been the rector of the Ural State University since 1993 to 2006 and presently is its President.-References:...

    , ex-rector of the Ural State University
    Ural State University
    The Ural State University is located in the city of Yekaterinburg, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russian Federation. Founded in 1920, it was an exclusive educational establishment made of several institutes which later became independent universities and schools.In 1936 the university was named after one of...

  • Lev Vainshtein
    Lev Vainshtein
    Lev Matveyevich Vainshtein was a Soviet world champion and Olympic bronze medalist in shooting.-Shooting career:...

    , Olympic-medal-winning shooter
  • Sergei Vonsovsky
    Sergei Vonsovsky
    Sergei Vasilyevich Vonsovsky was a prominent Soviet and Russian physicist.-Biography:...

    , physicist
  • Boris Yeltsin
    Boris Yeltsin
    Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin was the first President of the Russian Federation, serving from 1991 to 1999.Originally a supporter of Mikhail Gorbachev, Yeltsin emerged under the perestroika reforms as one of Gorbachev's most powerful political opponents. On 29 May 1990 he was elected the chairman of...

    , Head of Sverdlovsk Oblast
    Sverdlovsk Oblast
    Sverdlovsk Oblast is a federal subject of Russia located in the Urals Federal District. Its administrative center is the city of Yekaterinburg formerly known as Sverdlovsk. Population: -Geography:...

     in USSR, later first president of Russian Federation
  • Denis Galimzyanov
    Denis Galimzyanov
    Denis Ramilievitch Galimzianov is a Russian racing cyclist for UCI ProTeam .-Palmares:2006Denis Ramilievitch Galimzianov is a Russian racing cyclist for UCI ProTeam .-Palmares:2006...

    , sprinter of Team Katusha
    Team Katusha
    Team Katusha is a Russian road bicycle racing team which participates in the UCI World Tour, using Focus bikes.- History :At the beginning of the 2009 season, the Tinkoff Credit Systems squad was renamed to Team Katusha. It is organised by the Russian Global Cycling Project foundation, which...

     cycling
    Cycling
    Cycling, also called bicycling or biking, is the use of bicycles for transport, recreation, or for sport. Persons engaged in cycling are cyclists or bicyclists...

     team

Other

  • A ballistic missile submarine of the Project 667BDRM Delfin class (NATO reporting name: Delta IV
    Delta class submarine
    The Delta class is a class of submarines which formed the backbone of the Soviet and Russian strategic submarine fleet since its introduction in 1973...

    ) has been named Ekaterinburg (K-84/'807') in honor of the city.
  • The asteroid
    Asteroid
    Asteroids are a class of small Solar System bodies in orbit around the Sun. They have also been called planetoids, especially the larger ones...

     27736 Ekaterinburg
    27736 Ekaterinburg
    27736 Ekaterinburg is a main-belt asteroid discovered on September 22, 1990 by E. W. Elst at the European Southern Observatory.- External links :*...

    was named in the city's honor on 1 June 2007.

External links and sources

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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