region of Eurasia
. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe
, it is bordered by Turkey
to the west, Georgia
to the north, the de facto independent
to the east, and Iran
and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan to the south.
A former republic of the Soviet Union
, Armenia is a unitary
, democratic nation-state with an ancient and historic cultural heritage
1916 World War I: In Armenia, Russian troops capture Gumiskhanek.
1918 Armenia defeats the Ottoman Army in the Battle of Sardarapat.
1921 Turkey makes peace with Armenia.
1922 The Treaty of Kars is ratified in Yerevan, Armenia.
1983 A terrorist attack is launched by Armenian militant organisation ASALA at the Paris-Orly Airport in Paris; it leaves 8 people dead and 55 injured.
1988 Spitak Earthquake: In Armenia an earthquake measuring 6.9 on the Richter scale kills nearly 25,000, injures 15,000 and leaves 400,000 homeless.
1990 Armenia declares its independence from the Soviet Union.
1991 Armenia is granted independence from Soviet Union.
1992 Khojaly massacre: about 613 civilians are killed by Armenian armed forces during the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan
1992 Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, San Marino, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan join the United Nations.