List of people on stamps of Czechoslovakia
This list of people of stamps of Czechoslovakia is intended to end with the division into the Czech Republic
Czech Republic
The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe. The country is bordered by Poland to the northeast, Slovakia to the east, Austria to the south, and Germany to the west and northwest....

 and Slovakia
The Slovak Republic is a landlocked state in Central Europe. It has a population of over five million and an area of about . Slovakia is bordered by the Czech Republic and Austria to the west, Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east and Hungary to the south...

(continue with 1969)

Bohemia and Moravia  See also


  • Adalbert of Prague
    Adalbert of Prague
    This article is about St Adalbert of Prague. For other uses, see Adalbert .Saint Adalbert, Czech: ; , , Czech Roman Catholic saint, a Bishop of Prague and a missionary, was martyred in his efforts to convert the Baltic Prussians. He evangelized Poles and Hungarians. St...

  • František Adamek (1945)
  • Mikoláš Aleš
    Mikoláš Aleš
    Mikoláš Aleš , was a Czech painter.-Biography:Aleš was born in Mirotice near Písek, into a relatively rich family that was in debt at the time. He was taught history by his brother František until the latter's death in 1865; he expressed interest in painting at an early age...

  • Edwin Howard Armstrong (1959)
  • Hans Christian Andersen
    Hans Christian Andersen
    Hans Christian Andersen was a Danish author, fairy tale writer, and poet noted for his children's stories. These include "The Steadfast Tin Soldier," "The Snow Queen," "The Little Mermaid," "Thumbelina," "The Little Match Girl," and "The Ugly Duckling."...



  • Ludwig van Beethoven
    Ludwig van Beethoven
    Ludwig van Beethoven was a German composer and pianist. A crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western art music, he remains one of the most famous and influential composers of all time.Born in Bonn, then the capital of the Electorate of Cologne and part of...

     (1952, 1970)
  • František (Franz) Benda (1959)
  • Jiří (Georg) Benda (1956)
  • Edvard Beneš
    Edvard Beneš
    Edvard Beneš was a leader of the Czechoslovak independence movement, Minister of Foreign Affairs and the second President of Czechoslovakia. He was known to be a skilled diplomat.- Youth :...

     (1936, 1945, 1946, 1948)
  • Petr Bezruč (Vladimír Vašek)
    Petr Bezruc
    Petr Bezruč was the pseudonym of Vladimír Vašek , a Czech poet and short story writer who was associated with the region of Austrian Silesia.Bezruč was born in Opava and died in Olomouc.- Works :Poetry...

     (1959, 1967)
  • Karel Havlíček Borovský
    Karel Havlícek Borovský
    Karel Havlíček Borovský was a Czech writer, poet, critic, politician, journalist, and publisher. He lived and studied at the Gymnasium in Německý Brod , and his house on the main square is today the Havlíček Museum...

     (1946, 1956)
  • Josef Božek
    Josef Božek
    Josef Božek was a Czech engineer and inventor considered one of founders of Czech mechanics. He put into operation one of the first steam engines in the Czech lands. His sons, Frantisek and Romuald, also became accomplished engineers....

  • Johannes Brahms
    Johannes Brahms
    Johannes Brahms was a German composer and pianist, and one of the leading musicians of the Romantic period. Born in Hamburg, Brahms spent much of his professional life in Vienna, Austria, where he was a leader of the musical scene...

  • Édouard Branly
    Edouard Branly
    Édouard Eugène Désiré Branly was a French inventor, physicist and professor at the Institut Catholique de Paris. He is primarily known for his early involvement in wireless telegraphy and his invention of the Branly coherer around 1890.-Biography:The coherer was the first widely used detector for...

  • Valery Fyodorovich Bykovsky (1964)


  • Karel Čapek
    Karel Capek
    Karel Čapek was Czech writer of the 20th century.-Biography:Born in 1890 in the Bohemian mountain village of Malé Svatoňovice to an overbearing, emotional mother and a distant yet adored father, Čapek was the youngest of three siblings...

  • Karel Matěj Čapek-Chod
    Karel Matej Capek-Chod
    Karel Matěj Čapek-Chod was a Czech naturalistic writer and a journalist.- Biography :In 1879 he graduated at the gymnasium in Domažlice...

  • Malcolm Scott Carpenter (1964)
  • František Ladislav Čelakovský (1952, 1962)
  • Charlie Chaplin
    Charlie Chaplin
    Sir Charles Spencer "Charlie" Chaplin, KBE was an English comic actor, film director and composer best known for his work during the silent film era. He became the most famous film star in the world before the end of World War I...

  • Charles IV of Bohemia (1948)
  • Frédéric Chopin
    Frédéric Chopin
    Frédéric François Chopin was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist. He is considered one of the great masters of Romantic music and has been called "the poet of the piano"....

  • Leroy Gordon Cooper, Jr. (1964)
  • Viktorin Cornelius (1960)
  • Saint Cyril
    Saints Cyril and Methodius
    Saints Cyril and Methodius were two Byzantine Greek brothers born in Thessaloniki in the 9th century. They became missionaries of Christianity among the Slavic peoples of Bulgaria, Great Moravia and Pannonia. Through their work they influenced the cultural development of all Slavs, for which they...



  • Emmy Destinn
    Emmy Destinn
    Emmy Destinn was a Czech operatic soprano with a strong and soaring lyric-dramatic voice. She had a career both in Europe and at the New York Metropolitan Opera.- Biography :...

  • Josef Dobrovský
    Josef Dobrovský
    Josef Dobrovský was a Bohemian philologist and historian, one of the most important figures of the Czech national revival.- Life & Work :...

  • Donatello (Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi)
    Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi , also known as Donatello, was an early Renaissance Italian artist and sculptor from Florence...

  • František Xaver Dusek (1956)
  • Antonín Dvořák
    Antonín Dvorák
    Antonín Leopold Dvořák was a Czech composer of late Romantic music, who employed the idioms of the folk music of Moravia and his native Bohemia. Dvořák’s own style is sometimes called "romantic-classicist synthesis". His works include symphonic, choral and chamber music, concerti, operas and many...

     (1934, 1951, 1954, 1991)


  • Konstantin Petrovich Feoktistov (1964)
  • Zdeněk Fibich
    Zdenek Fibich
    Zdeněk Fibich was a Czech composer of classical music. Among his compositions are chamber works , symphonic poems, three symphonies, at least seven operas , melodramas including the substantial trilogy Hippodamia,...

  • Josef Bohuslav Foerster
    Josef Bohuslav Foerster
    Josef Bohuslav Foerster was a Czech composer of classical music. He is often referred to as J. B. Foerster. The surname is sometimes spelled Förster.- Life :...

  • Julius Fučík
    Julius Fucík
    thumb|Julius FucikJulius Fučík was a Czechoslovak journalist, an active member of Communist Party of Czechoslovakia , and part of the forefront of the anti-Nazi resistance. He was imprisoned, tortured, and executed by the Nazis.- Early life :Julius Fučík was born into a working-class family in...

     (1949, 1951, 1953)
  • Jindrich Fügner (1938)


  • Jozef Gabčík
    Jozef Gabcík
    Jozef Gabčík was a Slovak soldier of Czechoslovak army involved in Operation Anthropoid, the assassination of acting Reichsprotektor of Bohemia and Moravia, SS-Obergruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich....

  • Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin (1964)
  • František Josef Gerstner
    František Josef Gerstner
    František Josef Gerstner was a Bohemian physicist and engineer.Gerstner studied at the Jesuits gymnasium in Chomutov, after which he studied mathematics and astronomy at the Faculty of Philosophy in Prague between 1772 and 1777. In 1781, he started to study medicine in Vienna, but quickly decided...

  • John Herschel Glenn, Jr. (1964)
  • Maxim Gorky
    Maxim Gorky
    Alexei Maximovich Peshkov , primarily known as Maxim Gorky , was a Russian and Soviet author, a founder of the Socialist Realism literary method and a political activist.-Early years:...

  • Klement Gottwald
    Klement Gottwald
    Klement Gottwald was a Czechoslovakian Communist politician, longtime leader of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia , prime minister and president of Czechoslovakia.-Early life:...

     (1948, 1951, 1953)
  • Virgil Ivan "Gus" Grissom
    Gus Grissom
    Virgil Ivan Grissom , , better known as Gus Grissom, was one of the original NASA Project Mercury astronauts and a United States Air Force pilot...



  • Václav Havel
    Václav Havel
    Václav Havel is a Czech playwright, essayist, poet, dissident and politician. He was the tenth and last President of Czechoslovakia and the first President of the Czech Republic . He has written over twenty plays and numerous non-fiction works, translated internationally...

  • Joseph Haydn
    Joseph Haydn
    Franz Joseph Haydn , known as Joseph Haydn , was an Austrian composer, one of the most prolific and prominent composers of the Classical period. He is often called the "Father of the Symphony" and "Father of the String Quartet" because of his important contributions to these forms...

  • Ernest Hemingway
    Ernest Hemingway
    Ernest Miller Hemingway was an American author and journalist. His economic and understated style had a strong influence on 20th-century fiction, while his life of adventure and his public image influenced later generations. Hemingway produced most of his work between the mid-1920s and the...

  • Heinrich Hertz (1959)
  • Václav Hollar (1953)
  • Ján Hollý
    Ján Hollý
    Ján Hollý was a Slovak poet and translator. He was the first greater Slovak poet to write exclusively in the newly standardized literary Slovak language. His predecessors mostly wrote in various regional versions of Czech, Slovakized Czech or Latin...

  • Emil Holub
    Emil Holub
    Emil Holub was a Czech physician, explorer, cartographer, and ethnographer in Africa. In a 2005 poll, he was voted #90 of the 100 greatest Czechs.-Early life:...

  • Josef Hora
    Josef Hora
    Josef Hora was a Czech poet.-Early life:Josef Hora was born in Dobříň, Litoměřice District, Bohemia in a farmstead, which now houses the Museum of Josef Hora. His father soon sold the house in the village and the family moved to Prague...

  • Juraj Hronec
    Jur Hronec
    Jur Hronec was an important Slovak mathematician.- Biography :Hronec was born in Gočovo, Slovakia. He died in Bratislava, Slovakia....

  • Jozef Miloslav Hurban
    Jozef Miloslav Hurban
    Jozef Miloslav Hurban , pseudonyms Slavomil F. Kořennatý, Ľudovít Pavlovič, M. z Bohuslavíc, M...

  • Jan Hus
    Jan Hus
    Jan Hus , often referred to in English as John Hus or John Huss, was a Czech priest, philosopher, reformer, and master at Charles University in Prague...

     (1952, 1965)
  • Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav
    Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav
    Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav (* February 2, 1849 in Vyšný Kubín (Felsőkubin), Austrian Empire, Kingdom of Hungary, † November 8, 1921 in Dolný Kubín, Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia), was a Slovak poet, dramatist, translator and for a short time member...

     (1949, 1961)
  • Josef Hybeš (1951, 1953)


  • Leoš Janáček
    Leoš Janácek
    Leoš Janáček was a Czech composer, musical theorist, folklorist, publicist and teacher. He was inspired by Moravian and all Slavic folk music to create an original, modern musical style. Until 1895 he devoted himself mainly to folkloristic research and his early musical output was influenced by...

     (1953, 1954, 1982)
  • Juraj Jánošík
    Juraj Jánošík
    Juraj Jánošík was a famous Slovak Carpathian Highwayman....

  • Otakar Jaroš
    Otakar Jaroš
    Otakar Jaroš was a Czech officer in the Czechoslovak forces in the Soviet Union. He was killed in the Battle of Sokolovo and became the second foreigner decorated with the highest Soviet decoration, Hero of the Soviet Union.-Early life:...

  • Peter Jilemnický (1951)
  • Alois Jirásek
    Alois Jirásek
    Alois Jirásek was a Czech writer, author of historical novels and plays. Jirásek was a secondary-school teacher until his retirement in 1909. He wrote a series of historical novels imbued with faith in his nation and in progress toward freedom and justice...

     (1949, 1951)
  • Frédéric Joliot-Curie
    Frédéric Joliot-Curie
    Jean Frédéric Joliot-Curie , born Jean Frédéric Joliot, was a French physicist and Nobel laureate.-Early years:...



  • Karel Václav Klíč
    Karel Klíc
    Karel Václav Klíč was a Czech painter, photographer and illustrator. He appears to be known as one of the inventors of photogravure ....

  • Václav Kliment Klicpera
    Václav Kliment Klicpera
    Václav Kliment Klicpera was a Czech playwright, author, and poet. He was one of the first presenters of Czech drama, and was especially influential in the foundation of comedic Czech theater....

  • Ján Kollár
    Ján Kollár
    Ján Kollár was a Slovak writer , archaeologist, scientist, politician, and main ideologist of Pan-Slavism.- Life :...

  • Vladimir Mikhaylovich Komarov (1964)
  • Jan Amos Komenský
    John Amos Comenius ; ; Latinized: Iohannes Amos Comenius) was a Czech teacher, educator, and writer. He served as the last bishop of Unity of the Brethren, and became a religious refugee and one of the earliest champions of universal education, a concept eventually set forth in his book Didactica...

     (1936, 1952, 1957)
  • Karel Kovařovic
    Karel Kovarovic
    Karel Kovařovic was a Czech composer and conductor.-Life:From 1873 to 1879 he studied clarinet, harp and piano at the Prague Conservatory. He began his career as a harpist...

  • Jan Kozina
    Jan Sladký Kozina
    Jan Sladký Kozina was a legendary Czech revolutionary leader of the Chodové peasant rebellion at the end of the 17th century....

  • Jan Kubelík
    Jan Kubelík
    Jan Kubelík was a Czech violinist and composer.-Biography:He was born in Michle . His father, a gardener by occupation, was an amateur violinist. He taught his two sons the violin and after discovering the talent of Jan, who was aged five at the time, arranged for him to study with Karel Weber and...

  • Janko Kráľ
    Janko Král
    Janko Kráľ Janko Kráľ Janko Kráľ (24 April 1822 in Liptovský Svätý Mikuláš (now Liptovský Mikuláš, Slovakia) - 23 May 1876 in Zlaté Moravce was one of the most significant and most radical Slovak romantic poets of the Ľudovít Štúr generation and a national activist....

  • Jiří Král (1945)
  • Václav Matěj Kramerius
    Václav Matej Kramerius
    Václav Matěj Kramerius was a Czech publisher, journalist and writer, one of the most important early figures of the Czech National Revival....

  • Martin Kukučín
    Martin Kukucín
    Martin Kukučín was a Slovak prose writer, dramatist and publicist. He was the most notable representative of Slovak literary realism, and considered to be one of the founders of modern Slovak prose....

  • Hana Kvapilová (1960)


  • Ferdinand Laub
    Ferdinand Laub
    Ferdinand Laub was a Czech violinist and composer.Laub was born in Prague. Due to the influence of his father Erasmus Laub , Ferdinand's first public appearance happened when he was 6 years old. At the age of 10 he had his own concert in Stavovské divadlo . From 1843-46 he studied at the...

  • Vladimir Lenin
    Vladimir Lenin
    Vladimir Ilyich Lenin was a Russian Marxist revolutionary and communist politician who led the October Revolution of 1917. As leader of the Bolsheviks, he headed the Soviet state during its initial years , as it fought to establish control of Russia in the Russian Civil War and worked to create a...

     (1949, 1951, 1954, 1960, 1962, 1965)
  • Alexey Arkhipovich Leonov (1965)


  • Josef Mánes
    Josef Mánes
    Josef Mánes was a Czech painter.He was taught by his father, Antonín Mánes , who was a landscape painter and the professor of arts; in addition, he was the nephew of Václav Mánes, and brother of Quido Mánes and Amalie Mánesová, all of whom were also painters...

  • Guglielmo Marconi
    Guglielmo Marconi
    Guglielmo Marconi was an Italian inventor, known as the father of long distance radio transmission and for his development of Marconi's law and a radio telegraph system. Marconi is often credited as the inventor of radio, and indeed he shared the 1909 Nobel Prize in Physics with Karl Ferdinand...

  • Bohuslav Martinů
    Bohuslav Martinu
    Bohuslav Martinů was a prolific Czech composer of modern classical music. He was of Czech and Rumanian ancestry. Martinů wrote six symphonies, 15 operas, 14 ballet scores and a large body of orchestral, chamber, vocal and instrumental works. Martinů became a violinist in the Czech Philharmonic...

     (1965, 1990)
  • Karl Heinrich Marx (1951, 1965, 1968)
  • Tomáš Masaryk
    Tomáš Masaryk
    Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk , sometimes called Thomas Masaryk in English, was an Austro-Hungarian and Czechoslovak politician, sociologist and philosopher, who as an eager advocate of Czechoslovak independence during World War I became the founder and first President of Czechoslovakia, also was...

     (1920, 1925, 1928, 1930, 1935, 1937, 1945, 1947, 1990)
  • Vladimir Vladimirovich Mayakovsky (1950)
  • Gregor Johann Mendel (1965)
  • Saint Methodius (1935)
  • Adam Mickiewicz
    Adam Mickiewicz
    Adam Bernard Mickiewicz ) was a Polish poet, publisher and political writer of the Romantic period. One of the primary representatives of the Polish Romanticism era, a national poet of Poland, he is seen as one of Poland's Three Bards and the greatest poet in all of Polish literature...

  • Jindřich Mošna (1961)
  • Stefan Moyses
    Štefan Moyses
    PhDr. Štefan Moyses was Slovak bishop of Roman Catholic Diocese of Banská Bystrica, teacher, patriot, co-founder and first chairman of Matica slovenská.right|thumb|Memorial in Veselé- Biography :Štefan Moyses was ordained a priest in 1821...

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart , baptismal name Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart , was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era. He composed over 600 works, many acknowledged as pinnacles of symphonic, concertante, chamber, piano, operatic, and choral music...

     (1956, 1981, 1991)
  • Alois Mrštík (1961)
  • Alfons Maria Mucha (1960)
  • Modest Mussorgsky
    Modest Mussorgsky
    Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky was a Russian composer, one of the group known as 'The Five'. He was an innovator of Russian music in the romantic period...

  • Josef Václav Myslbek
    Josef Václav Myslbek
    Josef Václav Myslbek was a Czech sculptor credited for founding of the modern Czech sculpting style.Josef grew up poor in a suburb of Prague. His family pushed him to become a shoemaker but he shirked the duty by getting a job with a succession of Czech sculptors...

  • Josef Mysliveček
    Josef Myslivecek
    Josef Mysliveček was a Czech composer who contributed to the formation of late eighteenth-century classicism in music...



  • Joseph Navratil (1965)
  • Oskar Nedbal
    Oskar Nedbal
    Oskar Nedbal was a Czech violist, composer, and conductor of classical music.-Life:Nedbal was born in Tábor, in southern Bohemia. He studied the violin at the Prague Conservatory under Antonín Bennewitz...

  • Božena Němcová
    Božena Nemcová
    Božena Němcová was a Czech writer of the final phase of the Czech National Revival movement.-Biography:...

     (1950, 1962)
  • Pablo Neruda
    Pablo Neruda
    Pablo Neruda was the pen name and, later, legal name of the Chilean poet, diplomat and politician Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto. He chose his pen name after Czech poet Jan Neruda....

  • Stanislav Kostka Neumann (1950)
  • Andriyan Grigoryevich Nikolayev (1964)
  • František Novák (1946)
  • Miroslav Novák (1945)
  • Vítězslav Novák
    Vítezslav Novák
    Vítězslav Novák was one of the most well-respected Czech composers and pedagogues, almost singlehandedly founding a mid-century Czech school of composition...

  • Antonín Novotný
    Antonín Novotný
    Antonín Novotný was General Secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia from 1953 to 1968, and also held the post of President of Czechoslovakia from 1957 to 1968. He was born in Letňany, now part of Prague....

     (1958, 1967)


  • František Palacký
    František Palacký
    František Palacký was a Czech historian and politician.-Biography:...

  • Juraj Palkovič (1963)
  • Josef Pecka (1953)
  • Ignac Josef Pesina (1966)
  • Karel Petr
    Karel Petr
    Karel Petr was one of the most renowned Czech mathematicians of the first half of the 20th century.- External links :*...

  • Pablo Picasso
    Pablo Picasso
    Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso known as Pablo Ruiz Picasso was a Spanish expatriate painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, and stage designer, one of the greatest and most influential artists of the...

  • King George of Poděbrady
    George of Podebrady
    George of Kunštát and Poděbrady , also known as Poděbrad or Podiebrad , was King of Bohemia...

     (1958, 1964)
  • Alexander Stepanovich Popov
    Alexander Stepanovich Popov
    Alexander Stepanovich Popov was a Russian physicist who was the first person to demonstrate the practical application of electromagnetic waves....

  • Pavel Popovich
    Pavel Popovich
    - Biography :He was born in Uzyn, Kiev Oblast of Soviet Union . to Roman Porfirievich Popovich and Theodosia Kasyanovna Semyonov. He had two sisters and two brothers ....

  • Jan Evangelista Purkyně
    Jan Evangelista Purkyne
    Jan Evangelista Purkyně was a Czech anatomist and physiologist. He was one of the best known scientists of his time. His son was the painter Karel Purkyně...

  • Aleksandr Pushkin
    Aleksandr Pushkin
    Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin was a Russian author of the Romantic era who is considered by many to be the greatest Russian poet and the founder of modern Russian literature....



  • Karel Václav Rais
    Karel Václav Rais
    Karel Václav Rais was a Czech realist novelist, author of the so-called country prose, numerous books for youth and children, and several poems.- Biography :...

  • Josef Ressel
    Josef Ressel
    Joseph Ludwig Franz Ressel was a Czech-Austrian forest warden who designed a ship's propeller.Ressel was born in the Austrian monarchy in Chrudim, Bohemia. His father was a German native speaker, while his mother's mothertongue was Czech...

  • Captain Ridky (1945)
  • František Ladislav Rieger
    František Ladislav Rieger
    František Ladislav Rieger was a Czech politician and publicist made famous for his leadership of the early Czech nationalist movement.-Early life:...

  • Romain Rolland
    Romain Rolland
    Romain Rolland was a French dramatist, novelist, essayist, art historian and mystic who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1915.-Biography:...



  • F. X. Šalda (1957)
  • Josef Scheiner (1948)
  • Friedrich von Schiller (1955)
  • Walter Marty Schirra, Jr. (1964)
  • Otakar Ševčík
    Otakar Ševcík
    Otakar Ševčík was a Czech violinist and influential teacher. He was known as a soloist and an ensemble player, including his occasional performances with Eugène Ysaÿe.-Biography:...

  • George Bernard Shaw
    George Bernard Shaw
    George Bernard Shaw was an Irish playwright and a co-founder of the London School of Economics. Although his first profitable writing was music and literary criticism, in which capacity he wrote many highly articulate pieces of journalism, his main talent was for drama, and he wrote more than 60...

     (1968, 1981)
  • Dmitri Shostakovich
    Dmitri Shostakovich
    Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich was a Soviet Russian composer and one of the most celebrated composers of the 20th century....

  • František Škroup
    František Škroup
    František Jan Škroup was a Czech composer and conductor. His brother Jan Nepomuk Škroup was also a successful composer and his father, Dominik Škroup, and other brother Ignác Škroup were lesser known composers.- Biography :At the age of eleven he moved to Prague where he supported himself as a...

  • R. Skuhersky (1957)
  • Antonín Slavíček
    Antonín Slavícek
    Antonín Slavíček was a renowned Czech painter.He was a part of the Czech impressionist movement. One of his most famous works is "Garden Wall," which hangs in the National Gallery in Prague.-External links:**...

  • Josef Slavik (1953)
  • Bohumír Šmeral
    Bohumír Šmeral
    Bohumír Šmeral was a Czech politician, leader of the social democracy and one of founders of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia.-Early life:...

  • Bedřich Smetana
    Bedrich Smetana
    Bedřich Smetana was a Czech composer who pioneered the development of a musical style which became closely identified with his country's aspirations to independent statehood. He is thus widely regarded in his homeland as the father of Czech music...

     (1934, 1949, 1951, 1954, 1974)
  • Fráňa Šrámek
    Frána Šrámek
    Fráňa Šrámek was a Czech anarchist, impressionist, and vitalist poet, novelist, and playwright....

  • Joseph Stalin
    Joseph Stalin
    Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin was the Premier of the Soviet Union from 6 May 1941 to 5 March 1953. He was among the Bolshevik revolutionaries who brought about the October Revolution and had held the position of first General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union's Central Committee...

     (1949, 1951)
  • Jan Stamic (Johann Stamitz)
    Johann Stamitz
    Jan Václav Antonín Stamic was a Czech composer and violinist. Johann was the father of Carl Stamitz and Anton Stamitz, also composers...

  • Milan Rastislav Štefánik
    Milan Rastislav Štefánik
    Milan Rastislav Štefánik , Kingdom of Hungary – May 4, 1919 in Ivanka pri Dunaji, Czechoslovakia) was a Slovak politician, diplomat, and astronomer. During World War I, he was General of the French Army, at the same time the Czechoslovak Minister of War, one of the leading members of the...

     (1935, 1936, 1945)
  • Aurel Stodola
    Aurel Stodola
    Aurel Boleslav Stodola was an engineer, physicist, and inventor. He was an ethnic Slovak. He was a pioneer in the area of technical thermodynamics and its applications and published his book Die Dampfturbine in 1903...

  • Ľudovít Štúr
    Ludovít Štúr
    Ľudovít Štúr , known in his era as Ludevít Velislav Štúr, was the leader of the Slovak national revival in the 19th century, the author of the Slovak language standard eventually leading to the contemporary Slovak literary language...

     (1956, 1965, 1966)
  • Stanislav Sucharda
    Stanislav Sucharda
    Stanislav Sucharda , Czech sculptor and professor at the Prague School of Applied Arts from 1899, and a leading figure in the Mánes Union of Fine Arts Stanislav Sucharda (1866–1916), Czech sculptor and professor at the Prague School of Applied Arts from 1899, and a leading figure in the Mánes Union...

  • Josef Suk
    Josef Suk
    Josef Suk may refer to:*Josef Suk *Josef Suk , the elder composer's grandson...

     (1957, 1974)
  • Max Švabinský
    Max Švabinský
    Max Švabinský was a Czech painter, draughtsman, graphic artist, and professor in Academy of Graphic Arts in Prague. Švabinský is considered to be one of the more notable artists in the history of Czech painting and produced significant work during the first half of the 20th century...

  • Jan Šverma
    Jan Šverma
    Jan Šverma was a Czechoslovak political activist, considered a national hero during the communist regime....

  • Ludvík Svoboda
    Ludvík Svoboda
    thumb|Svoboda and [[I Corps |I Czechoslovak Army Corps]]Ludvík Svoboda was a Czechoslovak general and politician...



  • Jozef Gregor Tajovský (1950)
  • Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova (1964)
  • Nikola Tesla
    Nikola Tesla
    Nikola Tesla was a Serbian-American inventor, mechanical engineer, and electrical engineer...

  • Gherman Stepanovich Titov (1964)
  • Leo N. Tolstoi (1953)
  • Karel Toman
    Karel Toman
    Karel Toman was a Czech poet, remembered for his epic love poems and Romantic inspirations.-External links:*...

  • Josef Kajetán Tyl
    Josef Kajetán Tyl
    Josef Kajetán Tyl was a significant Czech dramatist, writer and actor. He was a notable figure of the Czech National Revival movement and is best known as the author of the current national anthem of the Czech Republic titled Kde domov můj.-Life:Josef Kajetán Tyl was the first-born son of Jiří...

  • Miroslav Tyrš (1932)


  • Miloslav Valouch
    Miloslav Valouch
    Miloslav Valouch was a prominent Czech physicist and mathematician.-External links:*...

  • Vladislav Vančura
    Vladislav Vancura
    Vladislav Vančura was one of the most important Bohemian writers of the 20th century...

  • Jindřich Vaníček (1948)
  • Terézia Vansová (1957)
  • Alois Vašátko
    Alois Vašátko
    Alois Vašátko DSO DFC was a Czech fighter pilot.After graduating from a teacher's institute, he became a teacher in Litoměřice. A couple of months later he was drafted into the army. He finished his military service in 1929 and started studies at several army institutes...

  • Jaroslav Vrchlický
    Jaroslav Vrchlický
    Jaroslav Vrchlický was one of the greatest Czech lyrical poets. He was born Emil Frida, Vrchlický being a pseudonym.He also wrote epic poetry, plays, prose and literary essays and translated widely from various languages, introducing e.g. Dante, Goethe, Shelley, Baudelaire, Poe, and Whitman to...



  • Boris Borisovich Yegorov (1964)
  • Taikan Yokoyama (1968)
  • John Watts Young
    John Watts Young
    John Watts Young is a retired American astronaut, test pilot, naval officer, and aeronautical engineer who became the ninth person to walk on the Moon as commander of the Apollo 16 mission in 1972....



  • Ladislav Zápotocký (1951, 1953)
  • František Záviška
    František Záviška
    František Záviška was a renowned Czech physicist. The major asset of his scientific work is integrated in nine studies on waveguides published between the years 1912 and 1939...

  • Stanislav Zimprich
    Stanislav Zimprich
    Stanislav Zimprich was a Czech pilot who flew with the RAF in the Battle of Britain. He is credited with one confirmed and four probable kills....

  • Jan Žižka
    Jan Žižka
    Jan Žižka z Trocnova a Kalicha , Czech general and Hussite leader, follower of Jan Hus, was born at small village Trocnov in Bohemia, into a gentried family. He was nicknamed "One-eyed Žižka"...

  • Émile Zola
    Émile Zola
    Émile François Zola was a French writer, the most important exemplar of the literary school of naturalism and an important contributor to the development of theatrical naturalism...


See also

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