in Central Europe. It has a population of over five million and an area of about 49000 square kilometres (18,919 sq mi). Slovakia is bordered by the Czech Republic
to the west, Poland
to the north, Ukraine
to the east and Hungary
to the south. The largest city is the capital, Bratislava
, and the second largest is Košice
. Slovakia is a member state of the European Union
, NATO, United Nations
1763 A massive earthquake occurs on the same day in Komárom in Hungary, in Komárno in Slovakia and in Zsámbék in Hungary.
1863 Matica slovenská, Slovakia's public-law cultural and scientific institution focusing on topics around the Slovak nation, is established in Martin.
1992 The Federal Assembly of Czechoslovakia votes to split the country into the Czech Republic and Slovakia from January 1, 1993.
1992 Czechoslovakia is dissolved, resulting in the creation of the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
1993 Dissolution of Czechoslovakia: Czechoslovakia is divided into the Slovak Republic and the Czech Republic.
1993 Czech Republic and Slovakia join the United Nations.
2001 Bulgaria, Cyprus, Latvia, Malta, Slovenia and Slovakia join the European Environment Agency.
2002 NATO invites Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia to become members.
2002 Enlargement of the European Union: The European Union announces that Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia will become members from May 1, 2004.
2004 Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia join NATO as full members.