List of cities in Germany by population
This is a list of cities in Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

 by population
. The following table lists all cities in Germany that currently have a population greater than 100,000. The federal capital is shown in yellow, state capitals (except Schwerin
Schwerin is the capital and second-largest city of the northern German state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. The population, as of end of 2009, was 95,041.-History:...

, which does not meet the list criterion) in light blue.

It deals exclusively with the areas within city administrative boundaries
The Ruhr
The Ruhr is a medium-size river in western Germany , a right tributary of the Rhine.-Description:The source of the Ruhr is near the town of Winterberg in the mountainous Sauerland region, at an elevation of approximately 2,200 feet...

, more accurately called Ruhr district or Ruhr region (German Ruhrgebiet, colloquial Ruhrpott, Kohlenpott, Pott or Revier), is an urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. With 4435 km² and a population of some 5.2 million (2009), it is the largest urban area in Germany, but not on the list, due to its being not one administrative city, but made up of cities like Essen
- Origin of the name :In German-speaking countries, the name of the city Essen often causes confusion as to its origins, because it is commonly known as the German infinitive of the verb for the act of eating, and/or the German noun for food. Although scholars still dispute the interpretation of...

 and Dortmund
Dortmund is a city in Germany. It is located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. Its population of 585,045 makes it the 7th largest city in Germany and the 34th largest in the European Union....



Federal capital
State capital

Rank City Pop. 1990 Pop. 2000 Pop. 2010 Area (km²) Area
(sq mi)
per km²
Growth in % State
States of Germany
Germany is made up of sixteen which are partly sovereign constituent states of the Federal Republic of Germany. Land literally translates as "country", and constitutionally speaking, they are constituent countries...

Year surpassed
Berlin is the capital city of Germany and is one of the 16 states of Germany. With a population of 3.45 million people, Berlin is Germany's largest city. It is the second most populous city proper and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union...

3,433,695 3,382,169 3,459,218 891.82 891.82 square kilometres (344.3 sq mi) 3,869 0.06  Berlin 1740
-History:The first historic name for the city was, according to Claudius Ptolemy's reports, Treva.But the city takes its modern name, Hamburg, from the first permanent building on the site, a castle whose construction was ordered by the Emperor Charlemagne in AD 808...

1,652,363 1,715,392 1,786,278 755.24 755.24 square kilometres (291.6 sq mi) 2,309 0.27  Hamburg 1787
Munich The city's motto is "" . Before 2006, it was "Weltstadt mit Herz" . Its native name, , is derived from the Old High German Munichen, meaning "by the monks' place". The city's name derives from the monks of the Benedictine order who founded the city; hence the monk depicted on the city's coat...

 / München
1,229,026 1,210,223 1,330,440 310.46 310.46 square kilometres (119.9 sq mi) 4,286 1.1  Kingdom of Bavaria / Bayern 1854
Cologne is Germany's fourth-largest city , and is the largest city both in the Germany Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and within the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Area, one of the major European metropolitan areas with more than ten million inhabitants.Cologne is located on both sides of the...

 / Köln
1,000,000 962,884 1,007,119 405.15 405.15 square kilometres (156.4 sq mi) 2,470 0.35  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1855
Frankfurt am Main 
644,865 646,550 671,927 248.31 248.31 square kilometres (95.9 sq mi) 2,625 0.14  Hesse / Hessen 1875
Stuttgart is the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. The sixth-largest city in Germany, Stuttgart has a population of 600,038 while the metropolitan area has a population of 5.3 million ....

579,988 583,874 601,646 207.36 207.36 square kilometres (80.1 sq mi) 2,858 0.25  Baden-Württemberg 1874
Düsseldorf is the capital city of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia and centre of the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region.Düsseldorf is an important international business and financial centre and renowned for its fashion and trade fairs. Located centrally within the European Megalopolis, the...

575,794 569,364 586,217 217.01 217.01 square kilometres (83.8 sq mi) 2,703 0.15  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1882
Dortmund is a city in Germany. It is located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. Its population of 585,045 makes it the 7th largest city in Germany and the 34th largest in the European Union....

599,055 588,994 580,688 280.37 280.37 square kilometres (108.3 sq mi) 2,071 -0.02  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1895
9 Essen
- Origin of the name :In German-speaking countries, the name of the city Essen often causes confusion as to its origins, because it is commonly known as the German infinitive of the verb for the act of eating, and/or the German noun for food. Although scholars still dispute the interpretation of...

626,973 595,243 575,027 210.38 210.38 square kilometres (81.2 sq mi) 2,733 -0.27  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1896
10 Bremen
The City Municipality of Bremen is a Hanseatic city in northwestern Germany. A commercial and industrial city with a major port on the river Weser, Bremen is part of the Bremen-Oldenburg metropolitan area . Bremen is the second most populous city in North Germany and tenth in Germany.Bremen is...

551,219 539,403 546,852 326.55 326.55 square kilometres (126.1 sq mi) 1,675 0.23  Bremen (state) 1875
11 Dresden
Dresden is the capital city of the Free State of Saxony in Germany. It is situated in a valley on the River Elbe, near the Czech border. The Dresden conurbation is part of the Saxon Triangle metropolitan area....

490,571 477,807 523,058 328.30 328.3 square kilometres (126.8 sq mi) 1,508 0.61  Kingdom of Saxony / Sachsen 1852
12 Hanover
Hanover or Hannover, on the river Leine, is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony , Germany and was once by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of Great Britain, under their title as the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg...

 / Hannover
513,010 515,001 515,729 204.01 204.01 square kilometres (78.8 sq mi) 2,377 0.02  Lower Saxony / Niedersachsen 1873
13 Leipzig
Leipzig Leipzig has always been a trade city, situated during the time of the Holy Roman Empire at the intersection of the Via Regia and Via Imperii, two important trade routes. At one time, Leipzig was one of the major European centres of learning and culture in fields such as music and publishing...

511,079 493,208 502,651 297.60 297.6 square kilometres (114.9 sq mi) 1,689 0.32  Kingdom of Saxony / Sachsen 1871
14 Duisburg
- History :A legend recorded by Johannes Aventinus holds that Duisburg, was built by the eponymous Tuisto, mythical progenitor of Germans, ca. 2395 BC...

535,447 514,915 501,564 232.81 232.81 square kilometres (89.9 sq mi) 2,154 -0.43  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1904
15 Nuremberg
Nuremberg[p] is a city in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia. Situated on the Pegnitz river and the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal, it is located about north of Munich and is Franconia's largest city. The population is 505,664...

 / Nürnberg
493,692 488,400 499,237 186.37 186.37 square kilometres (72 sq mi) 2,679 0.37  Kingdom of Bavaria / Bayern 1881
16 Bochum
Bochum is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, western Germany. It is located in the Ruhr area and is surrounded by the cities of Essen, Gelsenkirchen, Herne, Castrop-Rauxel, Dortmund, Witten and Hattingen.-History:...

396,486 391,147 385,626 145.43 145.43 square kilometres (56.2 sq mi) 2,652 -0.24  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1904
17 Wuppertal
Wuppertal is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in and around the Wupper river valley, and is situated east of the city of Düsseldorf and south of the Ruhr area. With a population of approximately 350,000, it is the largest city in the Bergisches Land...

383,660 366,434 359,237 168.37 168.37 square kilometres (65 sq mi) 2,134 -0.33  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1929
18 Bielefeld
Bielefeld is an independent city in the Ostwestfalen-Lippe Region in the north-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. With a population of 323,000, it is also the most populous city in the Regierungsbezirk Detmold...

319,037 321,758 326,925 257.83 257.83 square kilometres (99.5 sq mi) 1,268 0.27  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1929
19 Bonn
Bonn is the 19th largest city in Germany. Located in the Cologne/Bonn Region, about 25 kilometres south of Cologne on the river Rhine in the State of North Rhine-Westphalia, it was the capital of West Germany from 1949 to 1990 and the official seat of government of united Germany from 1990 to 1999....

313,905 302,247 312,818 141.22 141.22 square kilometres (54.5 sq mi) 2,215 0.58  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1934
20 Mannheim
Mannheim is a city in southwestern Germany. With about 315,000 inhabitants, Mannheim is the second-largest city in the Bundesland of Baden-Württemberg, following the capital city of Stuttgart....

310,411 306,729 307,900 144.96 144.96 square kilometres (56 sq mi) 2,124 0.08  Baden-Württemberg 1897
21 Karlsruhe
The City of Karlsruhe is a city in the southwest of Germany, in the state of Baden-Württemberg, located near the French-German border.Karlsruhe was founded in 1715 as Karlsruhe Palace, when Germany was a series of principalities and city states...

275,061 278,558 285,263 173.46 173.46 square kilometres (67 sq mi) 1,645 0.40  Baden-Württemberg 1901
22 Wiesbaden
Wiesbaden is a city in southwest Germany and the capital of the federal state of Hesse. It has about 275,400 inhabitants, plus approximately 10,000 United States citizens...

260,301 270,109 277,493 203.90 203.9 square kilometres (78.7 sq mi) 1,347 0.28  Hesse / Hessen 1905
23 Münster  259,438 265,609 270,868 302.91 302.91 square kilometres (117 sq mi) 894 0.33  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1915
24 Gelsenkirchen
Gelsenkirchen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in the northern part of the Ruhr area. Its population in 2006 was c. 267,000....

293,714 278,695 268,102 104.86 104.86 square kilometres (40.5 sq mi) 2,557 -0.63  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1903
25 Augsburg
Augsburg is a city in the south-west of Bavaria, Germany. It is a university town and home of the Regierungsbezirk Schwaben and the Bezirk Schwaben. Augsburg is an urban district and home to the institutions of the Landkreis Augsburg. It is, as of 2008, the third-largest city in Bavaria with a...

256,877 254,982 262,676 146.78 146.78 square kilometres (56.7 sq mi) 1,790 0.50  Kingdom of Bavaria / Bayern 1907
26 Mönchengladbach
Mönchengladbach , formerly known as Münchengladbach, is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located west of the Rhine half way between Düsseldorf and the Dutch border....

259,436 263,014 261,444 170.44 170.44 square kilometres (65.8 sq mi) 1,534 -0.10  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1922
27 Aix-la-Chapelle / Aachen
Aachen has historically been a spa town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Aachen was a favoured residence of Charlemagne, and the place of coronation of the Kings of Germany. Geographically, Aachen is the westernmost town of Germany, located along its borders with Belgium and the Netherlands, ...

241,861 244,386 258,208 160.83 160.83 square kilometres (62.1 sq mi) 1,605 0.94  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1889
28 Chemnitz
Chemnitz is the third-largest city of the Free State of Saxony, Germany. Chemnitz is an independent city which is not part of any county and seat of the government region Direktionsbezirk Chemnitz. Located in the northern foothills of the Ore Mountains, it is a part of the Saxon triangle...

294,244 259,246 246,587 220.85 220.85 square kilometres (85.3 sq mi) 1,117 -0.81  Kingdom of Saxony / Sachsen 1883
29 Brunswick / Braunschweig
Braunschweig , is a city of 247,400 people, located in the federal-state of Lower Saxony, Germany. It is located north of the Harz mountains at the farthest navigable point of the Oker river, which connects to the North Sea via the rivers Aller and Weser....

258,833 245,816 245,273 192.09 192.09 square kilometres (74.2 sq mi) 1,277 -0.04  Lower Saxony / Niedersachsen 1890
30 Kiel
Kiel is the capital and most populous city in the northern German state of Schleswig-Holstein, with a population of 238,049 .Kiel is approximately north of Hamburg. Due to its geographic location in the north of Germany, the southeast of the Jutland peninsula, and the southwestern shore of the...

245,567 232,612 238,049 118.40 118.4 square kilometres (45.7 sq mi) 1,980 0.13  Schleswig-Holstein 1898
31 Krefeld
Krefeld , also known as Crefeld until 1929, is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located northwest of Düsseldorf, its centre lying just a few kilometres to the west of the River Rhine; the borough of Uerdingen is situated directly on the Rhine...

244,020 239,916 237,701 137.75 137.75 square kilometres (53.2 sq mi) 1,726 -0.18  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1887
32 Halle  310,234 247,736 232,323 135.01 135.01 square kilometres (52.1 sq mi) 1,757 -0.71  Saxony-Anhalt / Sachsen-Anhalt 1890
33 Magdeburg
Magdeburg , is the largest city and the capital city of the Bundesland of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. Magdeburg is situated on the Elbe River and was one of the most important medieval cities of Europe....

278,807 231,450 230,456 200.94 200.94 square kilometres (77.6 sq mi) 1,140 -0.20  Saxony-Anhalt / Sachsen-Anhalt 1882
34 Oberhausen
Oberhausen is a city on the river Emscher in the Ruhr Area, Germany, located between Duisburg and Essen . The city hosts the International Short Film Festival Oberhausen and its Gasometer Oberhausen is an anchor point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage. It is also well known for the...

223,840 222,151 218,898 77.04 77.04 square kilometres (29.7 sq mi) 2,841 -0.24  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1915
35 Freiburg  191,029 205,102 215,966 153.06 153.06 square kilometres (59.1 sq mi) 1,411 0.88  Baden-Württemberg 1934
36 Lübeck
The Hanseatic City of Lübeck is the second-largest city in Schleswig-Holstein, in northern Germany, and one of the major ports of Germany. It was for several centuries the "capital" of the Hanseatic League and, because of its Brick Gothic architectural heritage, is listed by UNESCO as a World...

214,758 213,399 211,825 214.13 214.13 square kilometres (82.7 sq mi) 989 -0.12  Schleswig-Holstein 1911
37 Erfurt
Erfurt is the capital city of Thuringia and the main city nearest to the geographical centre of Germany, located 100 km SW of Leipzig, 150 km N of Nuremberg and 180 km SE of Hannover. Erfurt Airport can be reached by plane via Munich. It lies in the southern part of the Thuringian...

208,989 200,564 202,844 269.11 269.11 square kilometres (103.9 sq mi) 754 0.19  Thuringia / Thüringen 1906
38 Rostock
Rostock -Early history:In the 11th century Polabian Slavs founded a settlement at the Warnow river called Roztoc ; the name Rostock is derived from that designation. The Danish king Valdemar I set the town aflame in 1161.Afterwards the place was settled by German traders...

248,088 200,506 199,288 181.07 181.07 square kilometres (69.9 sq mi) 1,101 -0.12  Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania 1935
39 Hagen
Hagen is the 39th-largest city in Germany, located in the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It is located on the eastern edge of the Ruhr area, 15 km south of Dortmund, where the rivers Lenne, Volme and Ennepe meet the river Ruhr...

214,449 203,151 196,934 160.36 160.36 square kilometres (61.9 sq mi) 1,228 -0.51  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1928
40 Kassel
Kassel is a town located on the Fulda River in northern Hesse, Germany. It is the administrative seat of the Kassel Regierungsbezirk and the Kreis of the same name and has approximately 195,000 inhabitants.- History :...

194,268 194,766 194,427 106.79 106.79 square kilometres (41.2 sq mi) 1,820 -0.03  Hesse / Hessen 1899
41 Mainz
Mainz under the Holy Roman Empire, and previously was a Roman fort city which commanded the west bank of the Rhine and formed part of the northernmost frontier of the Roman Empire...

179,486 182,870 194,372 97.75 97.75 square kilometres (37.7 sq mi) 1,988 1.05  Rhineland-Palatinate / Rheinland-Pfalz 1902
42 Hamm
Hamm is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia , Germany. It is located in the northeastern part of the Ruhr area. As of December 2003 its population was 180,849. The city is situated between the A1 motorway and A2 motorway...

179,639 182,427 184,239 226.24 226.24 square kilometres (87.4 sq mi) 814 0.17  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1975
43 Saarbrücken
Saarbrücken is the capital of the state of Saarland in Germany. The city is situated at the heart of a metropolitan area that borders on the west on Dillingen and to the north-east on Neunkirchen, where most of the people of the Saarland live....

191,694 183,257 178,914 167.07 167.07 square kilometres (64.5 sq mi) 1,071 -0.39  Saarland 1909
44 Herne
Herne, Germany
Herne is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in the Ruhr area directly between the cities of Bochum and Gelsenkirchen.- History :Like most other cities in the region Herne was a tiny village until the 19th century...

178,132 174,529 170,992 51.41 51.41 square kilometres (19.8 sq mi) 3,326 -0.34  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1933
45 Mülheim  177,681 172,862 169,917 91.29 91.29 square kilometres (35.2 sq mi) 1,861 -0.28  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1908
46 Osnabrück
Osnabrück is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany, some 80 km NNE of Dortmund, 45 km NE of Münster, and some 100 km due west of Hanover. It lies in a valley penned between the Wiehen Hills and the northern tip of the Teutoburg Forest...

163,168 164,101 163,814 119.80 119.8 square kilometres (46.3 sq mi) 1,367 -0.03  Lower Saxony / Niedersachsen 1940
47 Solingen
Solingen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located on the northern edge of the region called Bergisches Land, south of the Ruhr area, and with a 2009 population of 161,366 is the second largest city in the Bergisches Land...

165,401 164,973 163,581 89.47 89.47 square kilometres (34.5 sq mi) 1,832 -0.14  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1929
48 Ludwigshafen
Ludwigshafen am Rhein
Ludwigshafen am Rhein is a city in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. Ludwigshafen is located on the Rhine opposite Mannheim. Together with Mannheim, Heidelberg and the surrounding region, it forms the Rhine Neckar Area....

162,233 163,383 163,343 77.67 77.67 square kilometres (30 sq mi) 2,103 0.00  Rhineland-Palatinate / Rheinland-Pfalz 1921
49 Leverkusen
Leverkusen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany on the eastern bank of the Rhine. To the South, Leverkusen borders the city of Cologne and to the North is the state capital Düsseldorf....

160,919 161,047 161,227 78.85 78.85 square kilometres (30.4 sq mi) 2,045 0.02  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1963
50 Oldenburg
Oldenburg is an independent city in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated in the western part of the state between the cities of Bremen and Groningen, Netherlands, at the Hunte river. It has a population of 160,279 which makes it the fourth biggest city in Lower Saxony after Hanover, Braunschweig...

143,131 154,832 158,565 102.96 102.96 square kilometres (39.8 sq mi) 1,540 0.40  Lower Saxony / Niedersachsen 1946
51 Neuss
Neuss is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located on the west bank of the Rhine opposite Düsseldorf. Neuss is the largest city within the Rhein-Kreis Neuss district and owes its prosperity to its location at the crossing of historic and modern trade routes. It is primarily known...

147,019 150,013 151,610 99.48 99.48 square kilometres (38.4 sq mi) 1,524 0.18  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1963
52 Potsdam
Potsdam is the capital city of the German federal state of Brandenburg and part of the Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region. It is situated on the River Havel, southwest of Berlin city centre....

139,794 129,324 147,583 187.27 187.27 square kilometres (72.3 sq mi) 788 0.82  Brandenburg 1939
53 Paderborn
Paderborn is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, capital of the Paderborn district. The name of the city derives from the river Pader, which originates in more than 200 springs near Paderborn Cathedral, where St. Liborius is buried.-History:...

120,680 139,084 143,769 179.38 179.38 square kilometres (69.3 sq mi) 801 0.56  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1975
54 Heidelberg
-Early history:Between 600,000 and 200,000 years ago, "Heidelberg Man" died at nearby Mauer. His jaw bone was discovered in 1907; with scientific dating, his remains were determined to be the earliest evidence of human life in Europe. In the 5th century BC, a Celtic fortress of refuge and place of...

136,796 140,259 142,993 108.83 108.83 square kilometres (42 sq mi) 1,314 0.32  Baden-Württemberg 1946
55 Darmstadt
Darmstadt is a city in the Bundesland of Hesse in Germany, located in the southern part of the Rhine Main Area.The sandy soils in the Darmstadt area, ill-suited for agriculture in times before industrial fertilisation, prevented any larger settlement from developing, until the city became the seat...

138,920 138,242 140,562 122.23 122.23 square kilometres (47.2 sq mi) 1,150 0.28  Hesse / Hessen 1937
56 Würzburg
Würzburg is a city in the region of Franconia which lies in the northern tip of Bavaria, Germany. Located at the Main River, it is the capital of the Regierungsbezirk Lower Franconia. The regional dialect is Franconian....

127,777 127,966 133,906 87.55 87.55 square kilometres (33.8 sq mi) 1,529 0.77  Kingdom of Bavaria / Bayern 1932
57 Regensburg
Regensburg is a city in Bavaria, Germany, located at the confluence of the Danube and Regen rivers, at the northernmost bend in the Danube. To the east lies the Bavarian Forest. Regensburg is the capital of the Bavarian administrative region Upper Palatinate...

121,691 125,676 129,859 80.76 80.76 square kilometres (31.2 sq mi) 1,608 0.55  Kingdom of Bavaria / Bayern 1940
58 Göttingen
Göttingen is a university town in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is the capital of the district of Göttingen. The Leine river runs through the town. In 2006 the population was 129,686.-General information:...

121,831 124,132 121,884 117.26 117.26 square kilometres (45.3 sq mi) 1,039 -0.30  Lower Saxony / Niedersachsen 1964
59 Recklinghausen
Recklinghausen is the northernmost city in the Ruhr-Area and the capital of the Recklinghausen district. It borders the rural Münsterland and is characterized by large fields and farms in the north and industry in the south...

125,060 124,785 121,827 66.42 66.42 square kilometres (25.6 sq mi) 1,834 -0.40  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1949
60 Heilbronn
Heilbronn is a city in northern Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is completely surrounded by Heilbronn County and with approximately 123.000 residents, it is the sixth-largest city in the state....

115,843 119,305 121,613 99.88 99.88 square kilometres (38.6 sq mi) 1,218 0.32  Baden-Württemberg 1970
61 Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt is a city in the Free State of Bavaria, in the Federal Republic of Germany. It is located along the banks of the Danube River, in the center of Bavaria. As at 31 March 2011, Ingolstadt had 125.407 residents...

105,489 115,722 121,314 133.35 133.35 square kilometres (51.5 sq mi) 910 0.81  Kingdom of Bavaria / Bayern 1989
62 Wolfsburg
Wolfsburg is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is located on the River Aller northeast of Braunschweig , and is mainly notable as the headquarters of Volkswagen AG...

128,510 121,805 121,199 204.01 204.01 square kilometres (78.8 sq mi) 594 -0.08  Lower Saxony / Niedersachsen 1972
63 Ulm
Ulm is a city in the federal German state of Baden-Württemberg, situated on the River Danube. The city, whose population is estimated at 120,000 , forms an urban district of its own and is the administrative seat of the Alb-Donau district. Ulm, founded around 850, is rich in history and...

110,529 117,233 120,625 118.69 118.69 square kilometres (45.8 sq mi) 1,016 0.48  Baden-Württemberg 1980
64 Offenbach  114,992 117,535 119,430 44.90 44.9 square kilometres (17.3 sq mi) 2,660 0.27  Hesse / Hessen 1954
65 Bottrop
Bottrop is a city in west central Germany, on the Rhine-Herne Canal, in North Rhine-Westphalia. Located in the Ruhr industrial area, Bottrop adjoins Essen, Oberhausen, Gladbeck and Dorsten. The city had been a coal-mining and rail center and contains factories producing coal-tar derivatives,...

118,936 120,611 119,356 100.61 100.61 square kilometres (38.8 sq mi) 1,186 -0.17  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1953
66 Pforzheim
Pforzheim is a town of nearly 119,000 inhabitants in the state of Baden-Württemberg, southwest Germany at the gate to the Black Forest. It is world-famous for its jewelry and watch-making industry. Until 1565 it was the home to the Margraves of Baden. Because of that it gained the nickname...

112,944 117,156 119,021 98.03 98.03 square kilometres (37.8 sq mi) 1,214 0.27  Baden-Württemberg 1975
67 Bremerhaven
Bremerhaven is a city at the seaport of the free city-state of Bremen, a state of the Federal Republic of Germany. It forms an enclave in the state of Lower Saxony and is located at the mouth of the River Weser on its eastern bank, opposite the town of Nordenham...

130,446 120,822 116,615 77.68 77.68 square kilometres (30 sq mi) 1,501 -0.58  Bremen (state) 1939
68 Remscheid
Remscheid is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is, after Wuppertal and Solingen, the third largest municipality in Bergisches Land, being located on the northern edge of the region, on south side of the Ruhr area....

123,155 119,287 115,864 74.60 74.6 square kilometres (28.8 sq mi) 1,553 -0.48  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1929
69 Fürth
The city of Fürth is located in northern Bavaria, Germany in the administrative region of Middle Franconia. It is now contiguous with the larger city of Nuremberg, the centres of the two cities being only 7 km apart....

103,362 110,477 113,422 63.35 63.35 square kilometres (24.5 sq mi) 1,790 0.44  Kingdom of Bavaria / Bayern 1950
70 Reutlingen
Reutlingen is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is the capital of the eponymous district of Reutlingen. As of April 2008, it has a population of 109,828....

103,687 110,650 112,252 87.06 87.06 square kilometres (33.6 sq mi) 1,289 0.24  Baden-Württemberg 1988
71 Salzgitter
Salzgitter is an independent city in southeast Lower Saxony, Germany, located between Hildesheim and Braunschweig. Together with Wolfsburg and Braunschweig, Salzgitter is one of the seven Oberzentren of Lower Saxony...

114,355 112,302 107,726 223.91 223.91 square kilometres (86.5 sq mi) 481 -0.68  Lower Saxony / Niedersachsen 1942
72 Moers
Moers is a German city on the left bank of the Rhine. Moers belongs to the district of Wesel...

104,595 107,062 107,547 67.75 67.75 square kilometres (26.2 sq mi) 1,587 0.08  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1987
73 Koblenz
Koblenz is a German city situated on both banks of the Rhine at its confluence with the Moselle, where the Deutsches Eck and its monument are situated.As Koblenz was one of the military posts established by Drusus about 8 BC, the...

108,733 107,950 106,501 105.02 105.02 square kilometres (40.5 sq mi) 1,014 -0.22  Rhineland-Palatinate / Rheinland-Pfalz 1962
74 Siegen
Siegen is a city in Germany, in the south Westphalian part of North Rhine-Westphalia.It is located in the district of Siegen-Wittgenstein in the Arnsberg region...

109,174 108,476 106,293 114.67 114.67 square kilometres (44.3 sq mi) 927 -0.34  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1975
75 Bergisch Gladbach
Bergisch Gladbach
' is a city in the Cologne/Bonn Region of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany and capital of the Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis .-Geography:Bergisch Gladbach is located east of the river Rhine, approx...

104,037 105,693 105,761 83.12 83.12 square kilometres (32.1 sq mi) 1,272 0.01  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1975
76 Cottbus
Cottbus is a city in Brandenburg, Germany, situated around southeast of Berlin, on the River Spree. As of , its population was .- History :...

125,891 108,491 105,309 164.28 164.28 square kilometres (63.4 sq mi) 641 -1.22  Brandenburg / Brandenburg 1976
77 Gera
Gera, the third-largest city in the German state of Thuringia , lies in east Thuringia on the river Weiße Elster, approximately 60 kilometres to the south of the city of Leipzig and 80 kilometres to the east of Erfurt...

129,037 112,835 103,948 151.93 151.93 square kilometres (58.7 sq mi) 684 -1.31  Thuringia / Thüringen 1959
Trier, historically called in English Treves is a city in Germany on the banks of the Moselle. It is the oldest city in Germany, founded in or before 16 BC....

97,835 99,410 103,518* 117.14 117.14 square kilometres (45.2 sq mi) 884 0.59  Rhineland-Palatinate / Rheinland-Pfalz 1969
Erlangen is a Middle Franconian city in Bavaria, Germany. It is located at the confluence of the river Regnitz and its large tributary, the Untere Schwabach.Erlangen has more than 100,000 inhabitants....

102,440 100,778 103,197 76.85 76.85 square kilometres (29.7 sq mi) 1,343 0.40  Kingdom of Bavaria / Bayern 1974
Hildesheim is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is located in the district of Hildesheim, about 30 km southeast of Hanover on the banks of the Innerste river, which is a small tributary of the Leine river...

105,291 103,909 102,575 92.57 92.57 square kilometres (35.7 sq mi) 1,108 -0.21  Lower Saxony / Niedersachsen 1974
Jena is a university city in central Germany on the river Saale. It has a population of approx. 103,000 and is the second largest city in the federal state of Thuringia, after Erfurt.-History:Jena was first mentioned in an 1182 document...

102,518 99,893 102,532 114.48 114.48 square kilometres (44.2 sq mi) 896 0.44  Thuringia / Thüringen 1975
Witten is a university city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is the home of the Witten/Herdecke University, the first private university in Germany.-Bordering municipalities:* Bochum* Dortmund* Herdecke* Wetter * Sprockhoevel* Hattingen...

105,403 103,196 100,793 72.37 72.37 square kilometres (27.9 sq mi) 1,393 -0.39  North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen 1975

* 2006 Population


  • Kaiserliches Statistisches Amt (Hrsg.): Statistisches Jahrbuch für das Deutsche Reich, 1880-1918
  • Statistisches Reichsamt (Hrsg.): Statistisches Jahrbuch für das Deutsche Reich, 1919-1941/42
  • Deutscher Städtetag (Hrsg.): Statistisches Jahrbuch Deutscher Gemeinden, 1890 ff.
  • Statistisches Bundesamt (Hrsg.): Statistisches Jahrbuch für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland, 1952 ff.
  • Staatliche Zentralverwaltung für Statistik (Hrsg.): Statistisches Jahrbuch der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik, 1955-1989

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