Springfield, Ohio
Springfield is a city in the U.S. state
U.S. state
A U.S. state is any one of the 50 federated states of the United States of America that share sovereignty with the federal government. Because of this shared sovereignty, an American is a citizen both of the federal entity and of his or her state of domicile. Four states use the official title of...

 of Ohio
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the United States. The 34th largest state by area in the U.S.,it is the 7th‑most populous with over 11.5 million residents, containing several major American cities and seven metropolitan areas with populations of 500,000 or more.The state's capital is Columbus...

 and the county seat
County seat
A county seat is an administrative center, or seat of government, for a county or civil parish. The term is primarily used in the United States....

 of Clark County
Clark County, Ohio
As of the census of 2000, there were 144,742 people, 56,648 households, and 39,370 families residing in the county. The population density was 362 people per square mile . There were 61,056 housing units at an average density of 153 per square mile...

. The municipality is located in southwestern Ohio and is situated on the Mad River
Mad River (Ohio)
The Mad River is a stream located in the west central part of the U.S. state of Ohio. It flows from Logan County to downtown Dayton, where it meets the Great Miami River. The stream flows southwest from its source near Campbell Hill through West Liberty, along U.S...

, Buck Creek and Beaver Creek, approximately 45 miles (72.4 km) west of Columbus
Columbus, Ohio
Columbus is the capital of and the largest city in the U.S. state of Ohio. The broader metropolitan area encompasses several counties and is the third largest in Ohio behind those of Cleveland and Cincinnati. Columbus is the third largest city in the American Midwest, and the fifteenth largest city...

 and 25 miles (40.2 km) northeast of Dayton
Dayton, Ohio
Dayton is the 6th largest city in the U.S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Montgomery County, the fifth most populous county in the state. The population was 141,527 at the 2010 census. The Dayton Metropolitan Statistical Area had a population of 841,502 in the 2010 census...

. Springfield is home to Wittenberg University
Wittenberg University
Wittenberg University is a private four-year liberal arts college in Springfield, Ohio serving 2,000 full-time students representing 37 states and approximately 30 foreign countries...

, a liberal arts college.

As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 60,608. According to the US Census 2007 estimate, the Springfield Metropolitan Statistical Area has a population of 133,333 residents. The Dayton-Springfield-Greenville, OH
Miami Valley
The Miami Valley, broadly, refers to the land area surrounding the Great Miami River in southwest Ohio, USA, and also includes the Little Miami, Mad, and Stillwater rivers as well...

 Combined Statistical Area has 1,067,741 residents. Springfield is approximately one hour west of Columbus, Ohio, the state capital, and 30 minutes east of Dayton. Interstate 70 has four exits that serve the city of Springfield.

In 2004, Springfield was chosen as an "All-America City
All-America City Award
The All-America City Award is given by the National Civic League annually to ten cities in the United States.The oldest community recognition program in the nation, the award recognizes communities whose citizens work together to identify and tackle community-wide challenges and achieve uncommon...


In 1983, Newsweek
Newsweek is an American weekly news magazine published in New York City. It is distributed throughout the United States and internationally. It is the second-largest news weekly magazine in the U.S., having trailed Time in circulation and advertising revenue for most of its existence...

featured Springfield in its 50th anniversary issue, entitled, "The American Dream." It chronicled the impact of the past 50 years on five local families.

The Little Miami Scenic Trail, a paved rail-trail which is almost 80 miles long, goes from the Buck Creek Scenic Trailhead in Springfield south to Newtown, Ohio
Newtown, Ohio
Newtown is a village in southeastern Hamilton County, Ohio, United States, near Cincinnati. The population was 2,420 at the 2000 census.Newtown was first settled in 1792 under the name of Mercersburg. The name was changed before the village incorporated in 1901.-History:Multiple Native American...

 (near downtown Cincinnati), and is popular with hikers and cyclists.


Springfield was founded by James Demint, a former teamster from Kentucky
The Commonwealth of Kentucky is a state located in the East Central United States of America. As classified by the United States Census Bureau, Kentucky is a Southern state, more specifically in the East South Central region. Kentucky is one of four U.S. states constituted as a commonwealth...

, in 1801. When Clark County
Clark County, Ohio
As of the census of 2000, there were 144,742 people, 56,648 households, and 39,370 families residing in the county. The population density was 362 people per square mile . There were 61,056 housing units at an average density of 153 per square mile...

 was created from parts of Champaign
Champaign County, Ohio
As of the census of 2000, there were 38,890 people, 14,952 households, and 10,870 families residing in the county. The population density was 91 people per square mile . There were 15,890 housing units at an average density of 37 per square mile...

, Madison
Madison County, Ohio
As of the census of 2000, there were 40,213 people, 13,672 households, and 10,035 families residing in the county. The population density was 86 people per square mile . There were 14,399 housing units at an average density of 31 per square mile...

 and Greene
Greene County, Ohio
Greene County is a county located in the state of Ohio, United States. The population was 161,573 in the 2010 Census. Its county seat is Xenia, and it was named for General Nathanael Greene, an officer in the Revolutionary War. Greene County was established on March 24, 1803.Greene County is part...

 counties, Springfield, named for Springfield, Massachusetts
Springfield, Massachusetts
Springfield is the most populous city in Western New England, and the seat of Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States. Springfield sits on the eastern bank of the Connecticut River near its confluence with three rivers; the western Westfield River, the eastern Chicopee River, and the eastern...

 - which, at the time, was important for hosting the U.S. Federal Springfield Armory
Springfield Armory
The Springfield Armory, located in the City of Springfield, Massachusetts - from 1777 until its closing in 1968 - was the primary center for the manufacture of U.S. military firearms. After its controversial closing during the Vietnam War, the Springfield Armory was declared Western Massachusetts'...

; enduring the Attack on Springfield
Attack on Springfield
The Attack on Springfield was an Indian attack on the settlement of Springfield, Massachusetts during King Philip's War. It was the second major New England settlement burnt to the ground in the war...

 during King Phillip's War in 1675,; and Shay's Rebellion in 1787. Springfield beat out the village of New Boston as the county seat in 1818. by two votes in the state legislature.

Springfield traces its early growth to the National Road
National Road
The National Road or Cumberland Road was the first major improved highway in the United States to be built by the federal government. Construction began heading west in 1811 at Cumberland, Maryland, on the Potomac River. It crossed the Allegheny Mountains and southwestern Pennsylvania, reaching...

, which ended in Springfield for approximately 10 years as politicians wrangled over the path it would continue. Dayton
Dayton is a city in Ohio and the county seat of Montgomery County, Ohio, United States.Dayton may also refer to:-United States:*Dayton, Alabama*Dayton, California, in Butte County*Dayton, Lassen County, California*Dayton, Idaho*Dayton, Indiana...

 and Eaton
Eaton, Ohio
Eaton is a city in and the county seat of Preble County, Ohio, United States. The population was 8,407 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Dayton Metropolitan Statistical Area.-History:...

 wanted the road to veer south after Springfield, but President Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson was the seventh President of the United States . Based in frontier Tennessee, Jackson was a politician and army general who defeated the Creek Indians at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend , and the British at the Battle of New Orleans...

 made the final decision to have the road continue straight west to Richmond, Indiana
Richmond, Indiana
Richmond is a city largely within Wayne Township, Wayne County, in east central Indiana, United States, which borders Ohio. The city also includes the Richmond Municipal Airport, which is in Boston Township and separated from the rest of the city...


During the mid-and-late 19th century, Springfield was dominated by industrialists including Oliver S. Kelly, Asa S. Bushnell
Asa S. Bushnell (Ohio)
right|thumb|350pxAsa Smith Bushnell I was a Republican politician from Ohio. He served as the 40th Governor of Ohio. Bushnell was president of Warder, Bushnell and Glessner Company, which later became International Harvester, now known as Navistar Corporation...

, James Leffel, P. P. Mast and Benjamin H. Warder
Benjamin H. Warder
Benjamin Head Warder was an American manufacturer of agricultural machinery...

. Asa S. Bushnell built the Springfield, Ohio Bushnell Building where the patent attorney to the Wright Brothers
Wright brothers
The Wright brothers, Orville and Wilbur , were two Americans credited with inventing and building the world's first successful airplane and making the first controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air human flight, on December 17, 1903...

, Harry Aubrey Toulmin, Sr.
Harry Aubrey Toulmin, Sr.
Harry Aubrey Toulmin, Sr. was the American lawyer located in Springfield, Ohio, who wrote the "flying machine" patent application that resulted in the patent granted to Dayton inventors Wilbur and Orville Wright on May 22, 1906....

, wrote the 1904 patent
A patent is a form of intellectual property. It consists of a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state to an inventor or their assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for the public disclosure of an invention....

 to cover the invention of the airplane. To promote the products of his agricultural equipment company, P. P. Mast started the Farm and Fireside magazine. Mast’s publishing company - Mast, Crowell, and Kirkpatrick - grew to become Crowell-Collier Publishing Company best known for Collier's Weekly
Collier's Weekly
Collier's Weekly was an American magazine founded by Peter Fenelon Collier and published from 1888 to 1957. With the passage of decades, the title was shortened to Collier's....

. In 1894, The Kelly Springfield Tire Company
The Kelly Springfield Tire Company
The Kelly-Springfield Tire Company was founded in Springfield, Ohio by Edwin Kelly and Arthur Grant in 1894.-Formation:Edwin Kelly originally called the company The Rubber Tire Wheel Company because it made rubber carriage wheels. Arthur Grant was issued for his solid rubber tire in a rim channel...

 was founded.

At the turn of the 20th century Springfield became known as the "Home City." Several lodges including the Masonic Lodge
Masonic Lodge
This article is about the Masonic term for a membership group. For buildings named Masonic Lodge, see Masonic Lodge A Masonic Lodge, often termed a Private Lodge or Constituent Lodge, is the basic organisation of Freemasonry...

, Knights of Pythias
Knights of Pythias
The Knights of Pythias is a fraternal organization and secret society founded at Washington, DC, on 19 February 1864.The Knights of Pythias was the first fraternal organization to receive a charter under an act of the United States Congress. It was founded by Justus H. Rathbone, who had been...

 and Odd Fellows
Independent Order of Odd Fellows
The Independent Order of Odd Fellows , also known as the Three Link Fraternity, is an altruistic and benevolent fraternal organization derived from the similar British Oddfellows service organizations which came into being during the 18th century, at a time when altruistic and charitable acts were...

 built homes for orphans and aged members of their order. Springfield also became known as "The Champion City"..a reference to the Champion brand of farm equipment manufactured by the Warder, Bushnell & Glessner Company, which was later absorbed into International Harvester
International Harvester
International Harvester Company was a United States agricultural machinery, construction equipment, vehicle, commercial truck, and household and commercial products manufacturer. In 1902, J.P...

 in 1902. International remains in Springfield as Navistar International
Navistar International
Navistar International Corporation is a United States-based holding company that owns the manufacturer of International brand commercial trucks, MaxxForce brand diesel engines, IC Bus school and commercial buses, Workhorse brand chassis for motor homes and step vans, and is a private label...

, a producer of medium to large trucks.

In 1902 A.B. Graham, then the superintendent of schools for Springfield Township in Clark County, established a "Boys' and Girls' Agricultural Club." Approximately 85 children from 10 to 15 years of age attended the first meeting on January 15, 1902 in Springfield, Ohio, in the basement of the Clark County Courthouse. This was the start of what would be called the "4-H
4-H in the United States is a youth organization administered by the National Institute of Food and Agriculture of the United States Department of Agriculture , with the mission of "engaging youth to reach their fullest potential while advancing the field of youth development." The name represents...

 Club" within a few years, quickly growing to a nationwide organization. (4-H stands for "Head, Heart, Hands, and Health"). The first "projects" included food preservation, gardening and elementary agriculture. Today, the Courthouse still bears a large 4H symbol under the flag pole at the front of the building to commemorate its part in founding the organization. The Clark County Fair is the second largest fair in the state (only the Ohio State Fair
Ohio State Fair
The Ohio State Fair is one of the largest state fairs in the United States. In 2011 the attendance was 833,000, the fair's highest attendance since 2004. The state fair contributes as much as 280 million dollars to the state economy...

 is larger) in large part to 4H still remaining very popular in the area.

On March 7, 1904, over a thousand Springfield residents formed a lynch mob, stormed the jail and removed prisoner Richard Dixon, a black man accused of murdering police officer Charles B. Collis. Richard Dixon was shot to death and then hung from a pole on the corner of Fountain and Main Street, where the mob continued to shoot his lifeless body. The mob then proceeded to burn much of the black area of town. In February 1906, another mob formed and again burned the black section of town known as "the levee".
Sixty years later, Springfield was the first city in the US to have a black mayor, Robert Henry.
From 1916 to 1926, 10 automobile
An automobile, autocar, motor car or car is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transporting passengers, which also carries its own engine or motor...

 companies operated in Springfield. Among them: The Bramwell, Brenning, Foos, Frayer-Miller, Kelly Steam, Russell-Springfield and Westcott. The Westcott, known as the car built to last, was a six-cylinder four-door sedan manufactured by Burton J. Westcott of the Westcott Motor Car Company
Westcott automobile
The Westcott was an automobile produced in Richmond, Indiana and Springfield, Ohio in the United States between 1912 and 1925. The car company was named for its founder, Burton J. Westcott....

. Burton and Orpha Westcott however, are better known for having contracted the world-renowned architect Frank Lloyd Wright
Frank Lloyd Wright
Frank Lloyd Wright was an American architect, interior designer, writer and educator, who designed more than 1,000 structures and completed 500 works. Wright believed in designing structures which were in harmony with humanity and its environment, a philosophy he called organic architecture...

 to design their home in 1908 at 1340 East High Street. The Westcott House, a sprawling two-story stucco and concrete house has all the features of Wright's prairie style including horizontal lines, low-pitched roof, and broad eaves. It is the only Frank Lloyd Wright prairie style house in the state of Ohio. The property was purchased in 2000 by the Frank Lloyd Wright Building Conservancy (Chicago, IL), and as part of a prearranged plan, the house was then sold to a newly formed local Westcott House Foundation. The Westcott House Foundation managed the extensive 5 year, $5.3 million restoration, the house was fully restored to its original glory in October 2005, when it officially opened to the public for guided tours.

International Harvester (now Navistar), manufacturer of farm machinery and later trucks, became the leading local industry after Springfield native William Whitely invented the self-raking reaper and mower, in 1856. It held that position, along with Crowell-Collier Publishing, throughout most of the next century.

The city is served by one daily newspaper, the Springfield News-Sun
Springfield News-Sun
The Springfield News-Sun is a daily newspaper published in Springfield, Ohio by Cox Enterprises, which also publishes the Dayton Daily News. Both newspapers contain similar editorial content, but tailor their local news coverage to the area served. The News-Sun primarily serves Springfield and...

, and by one weekly newspaper, The Springfield Paper
The Springfield Paper
The Springfield Paper is a weekly newspaper the serves Springfield, Ohio and Clark County, Ohio....



Springfield is located at 39°55′37"N 83°48′15"W (39.927067, -83.804131).

According to the United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data...

, the city has a total area of 22.5 square miles (58.3 km²), of which, 22.5 square miles (58.3 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square mile (0.1035995244 km²) of it (0.18%) is water. The Clarence J. Brown Reservoir is located on the northeast outskirts of Springfield.


As of the 2010 census, there were 60,608 people, 24,459 households, and 14,399 families residing in the city. The population density
Population density
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and particularly to humans...

 was 2,693.7 people per square mile (1,039.6/km²). There were 28,437 housing units at an average density of 1,263.9 per square mile (487.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.2% White, 18.1% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 4.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.0% of the population.

There are 24,459 households out of which 26.3% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.4% are married couples
Marriage is a social union or legal contract between people that creates kinship. It is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually intimate and sexual, are acknowledged in a variety of ways, depending on the culture or subculture in which it is found...

 living together, 18.6% have a female householder with no spouse present, 5.9% have a male householder with no spouse present, and 41.1% are non-families. 34.1% of all households are made up of individuals and 13.7% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.38 and the average family size is 3.01.

In the population is spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 11.5% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females there are 90.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 86.2 males.

As of the 2000 census, the median income for a household in the city was $32,193, and the median income for a family was $39,890. Males had a median income of $32,027 versus $23,155 for females. The per capita income
Per capita income
Per capita income or income per person is a measure of mean income within an economic aggregate, such as a country or city. It is calculated by taking a measure of all sources of income in the aggregate and dividing it by the total population...

 for the city was $16,660. 16.9% of the population and 13.5% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 23.9% of those under the age of 18 and 9.6% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.


Springfield Public Schools
Springfield City School District
Springfield City School District is the public school district that serves the city of Springfield, Ohio. The district was led by former superintendent Dr...

 enroll 8,604 students in public primary
Primary education
A primary school is an institution in which children receive the first stage of compulsory education known as primary or elementary education. Primary school is the preferred term in the United Kingdom and many Commonwealth Nations, and in most publications of the United Nations Educational,...

 and secondary
Secondary education
Secondary education is the stage of education following primary education. Secondary education includes the final stage of compulsory education and in many countries it is entirely compulsory. The next stage of education is usually college or university...

 schools. The district operates 16 public schools including ten elementary schools, three middle schools, one high school, and one alternative school.

Springfield is also home to Nightingale Montessori, a small private school using the methods from Dr. Montessori. The school was founded over thirty years ago, and has been educating many from Springfield and other surrounding cities such as Yellow Springs, Dayton, and Jamestown. The school accepts the Ed Choice scholarship, and the Autism Scholarship. Students are admitted as early as 18 months, all the way till senior year at high school

Springfield is home to two institutions of higher learning, Wittenberg University and Clark State Community College.

Wittenberg University
Wittenberg University
Wittenberg University is a private four-year liberal arts college in Springfield, Ohio serving 2,000 full-time students representing 37 states and approximately 30 foreign countries...

 is a Lutheran university that was founded in Springfield in 1845. It is a four-year private liberal arts university. It has more than two thousand students and a faculty of more than one hundred ninety five. It is situated on a campus of one hundred and fourteen rolling acres, shaded by many majestic trees. It is one of the most highly rated liberal arts universities in the nation, offering more than seventy majors, which include those in the sciences as well as in the arts. Wittenberg has more than one hundred fifty campus organizations, which include ten national fraternities and sororities. It has its own WUSO radio station and newspaper. The University is best known for its music department and its athletic endeavors. Wittenberg is also distinguished by its strong interdisciplinary programs such as East Asian Studies and Russian Area Studies. Recently majors in Management, Communication, Education are also becoming popular. The University made major renovations to its science facilities with the opening of the Barbara Deer Kuss Science Center in 2003.

The city is also home to Clark State Community College. Clark State Community College was founded in 1962 under the name of the Springfield and Clark County Technical Education Program as a technical education college for Clark County, Ohio and the surrounding area. It changed its name in 1966 to Clark County Technical Institute. The Ohio Board of Regents accredited it as Ohio's first technical college. It is now called Clark State Community College and has more than one thousand students. It offers courses in business, health, public services, engineering technologies, agriculture and general studies.


In the 1950 film Pagan Love Song , starring Esther Williams
Esther Williams
Esther Jane Williams is a retired American competitive swimmer and MGM movie star.Williams set multiple national and regional swimming records in her late teens as part of the Los Angeles Athletic Club swim team...

, actor Howard Keel
Howard Keel
Harold Clifford Keel , known professionally as Howard Keel, was an American actor and singer. He starred in many film musicals of the 1950s...

; played Hap "Hazard" Endicott, a school teacher from Springfield, Ohio.

In 2009, during a scene of the movie X-Men Origins: Wolverine
X-Men Origins: Wolverine
X-Men Origins: Wolverine is a 2009 American action film based on the Marvel Comics' fictional character Wolverine. The fourth installment in the X-Men film series, it was released worldwide on May 1, 2009...

, "Springfield, Ohio" is listed in the scene caption as the location of a carnival where Victor Creed
Sabretooth (comics)
Sabretooth is a fictional character, a Marvel Comics supervillain created by writer Chris Claremont and artist/co-writer John Byrne. The character first appeared in Iron Fist #14...

/Sabretooth finds Chris Bradley/Bolt working as a game booth attendant.

The Springfield News Sun, The Wittenberg Torch, WEEC-FM radio, WUSO-FM radio are the city's main media organizations.

Reck The Field, a cultural watering hole for all those who care to be a part of something bigger than this little city we love and hate. We welcome all of those who have an open mind an open heart and open legs :)

Notable people

The following are notable people born and/or reared in Springfield:
  • Berenice Abbott
    Berenice Abbott
    Berenice Abbott , born Bernice Abbott, was an American photographer best known for her black-and-white photography of New York City architecture and urban design of the 1930s.-Youth:...

     - photographer
  • Randy Ayers
    Randy Ayers
    Randall Duane Ayers is a retired American college basketball player and former assistant coach of the Washington Wizards. His youngest brother, Tim Ayers, served as Mayor and City Commissioner of Springfield, Ohio from 1984–1990.Ayers was born in Springfield, Ohio, the fourth child of Frank Ayers...

     - assistant coach of the Washington Wizards
    Washington Wizards
    The Washington Wizards are a professional basketball team based in Washington, D.C., previously known as Washington Bullets. They play in the National Basketball Association .-Early years:...

    , former assistant coach of the Orlando Magic
    Orlando Magic
    The Orlando Magic is a professional basketball team based in Orlando, Florida. They play in the Southeast Division of the Eastern Conference of the National Basketball Association and are currently coached by Stan Van Gundy...

     and former head coach of Ohio State and the Philadelphia 76ers
    Philadelphia 76ers
    The Philadelphia 76ers are a professional basketball team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. They play in the Atlantic Division of the Eastern Conference of the National Basketball Association . Originally known as the Syracuse Nationals, they are one of the oldest franchises in the NBA...

    , and his brother, Tim Ayers
    Tim Ayers
    Timothy "Tim" Frederick Ayers served as Mayor and City Commissioner of Springfield, Ohio from 1984-1990. He previously served as the Legislative Message Clerk of the Ohio House of Representatives for the 113th General Assembly and Small Business Manager for the Nashville Chamber of...

    , the city's former mayor
  • Dave Burba
    Dave Burba
    David Allen Burba is a former Major League Baseball pitcher who played for the Seattle Mariners, San Francisco Giants, Cincinnati Reds, Cleveland Indians, Texas Rangers, and Milwaukee Brewers from 1990 to 2004. In his 15-year major league career, Burba's record was 115-87, with 1,398 strikeouts,...

     - major league baseball player
  • William R. Burnett
    William R. Burnett
    William Riley Burnett , often credited as W. R. Burnett, was an American novelist and screenwriter. He is best known for the crime novel, Little Caesar, whose film adaptation is considered the first of the classic American gangster movies.Burnett was born in Springfield, Ohio, U.S...

     - novelist and screenwriter
  • Garvin Bushell
    Garvin Bushell
    Garvin Bushell was an American woodwind multi-instrumentalist.Though never a major name in jazz, Bushell had a lengthy career from the music's early era, to the avant garde of the 1960s.-Biography:Bushell was born in Springfield, Ohio...

     – musician (saxophone, clarinet, etc.)
  • Justin Chambers
    Justin Chambers
    Justin W. Chambers is an American actor and former Calvin Klein male fashion model. As of 2005, he is starring in the ABC drama series Grey's Anatomy as Dr. Alex Karev....

     - former model and actor (in the cast of Grey's Anatomy
    Grey's Anatomy
    Grey's Anatomy is an American medical drama television series created by Shonda Rhimes. The series premiered on March 27, 2005 on ABC; since then, seven seasons have aired. The series follows the lives of interns, residents and their mentors in the fictional Seattle Grace Mercy West Hospital in...

  • Lewis Strong Clarke
    Lewis Strong Clarke
    Lewis Strong Clarke, Sr. , was the owner of a sugar plantation in St. Mary Parish and a leader of the Republican Party in Louisiana in the latter part of the 19th century....

     - Louisiana
    Louisiana is a state located in the southern region of the United States of America. Its capital is Baton Rouge and largest city is New Orleans. Louisiana is the only state in the U.S. with political subdivisions termed parishes, which are local governments equivalent to counties...

    Sugar is a class of edible crystalline carbohydrates, mainly sucrose, lactose, and fructose, characterized by a sweet flavor.Sucrose in its refined form primarily comes from sugar cane and sugar beet...

    Plantations in the American South
    Plantations were an important aspect of the history of the American South, particularly the antebellum .-Planter :The owner of a plantation was called a planter...

     and Republican
    Republican Party (United States)
    The Republican Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Democratic Party. Founded by anti-slavery expansion activists in 1854, it is often called the GOP . The party's platform generally reflects American conservatism in the U.S...

    A politician, political leader, or political figure is an individual who is involved in influencing public policy and decision making...

     in 19th century
  • Call Cobbs, Jr.
    Call Cobbs, Jr.
    Call Cobbs, Jr. was an American jazz pianist, electric harpsichordist, and organist.-Biography:...

     - jazz pianist
  • Jason Collier
    Jason Collier
    Jason Jeffrey Collier was an American professional basketball player in the NBA. At death, the tall center Collier weighed...

     - professional basketball player
  • Andrew Daniel
    Andrew Daniel
    Andrew Theodore "Drew" Daniel was the winner of the American reality television show Big Brother 5 in 2004. Before moving into the Big Brother house, he had recently graduated from Miami University in Oxford, Ohio...

     - winner of Big Brother 5
  • Mike DeWine
    Mike DeWine
    Richard Michael "Mike" DeWine is the Attorney General for the state of Ohio. He has held numerous offices on the state and federal level, including Ohio State Senator, four terms as a U.S. Congressman, Ohio Lt. Governor, and was a two-term U.S. Senator, serving from 1995 to 2007.- Biography :Born...

     - former US Senator for Ohio and present Ohio Attorney General
  • Wayne Embry
    Wayne Embry
    Wayne Richard Embry is a retired American basketball player; a center/forward whose 11-year career spanned from 1959 to 1969...

     - professional basketball player
  • Felicia Fox
    Felicia Fox
    Felicia Fox is an American pornographic actressShe grew up in Enon and attended Greenon High School there, where she was a member of Future Farmers of America. She graduated from Greenon in 1992...

     - Adult Entertainment Performer
  • Lillian Gish
    Lillian Gish
    Lillian Diana Gish was an American stage, screen and television actress whose film acting career spanned 75 years, from 1912 to 1987....

     - actress from the silent film
    Silent film
    A silent film is a film with no synchronized recorded sound, especially with no spoken dialogue. In silent films for entertainment the dialogue is transmitted through muted gestures, pantomime and title cards...

     era and after
  • Luther Alexander Gotwald
    Luther Alexander Gotwald
    Rev. Luther Alexander Gotwald, D.D. was a Professor of Theology in the Wittenberg Theological Seminary. He was famously tried for heresy by the Board of Directors at Wittenberg College in Springfield, Ohio on April 4 and April 5, 1893, which put on trial many key issues that Lutherans still debate...

     Prof., D.D. - tried for and acquitted of Lutheran heresy at Wittenberg College in 1893.
  • Albert Belmont Graham - Founder of 4H
  • Harvey Haddix
    Harvey Haddix
    Harvey Haddix, Jr. was a Major League Baseball left-handed pitcher who played with the St. Louis Cardinals , Philadelphia Phillies , Cincinnati Redlegs , Pittsburgh Pirates and Baltimore Orioles . Haddix was born in Medway, Ohio, located just outside of Springfield...

     - major league baseball player
  • Robert C. Henry
    Robert C. Henry
    Robert Clayton Henry was mayor of Springfield, Ohio from 1966 to 1968. He was the first African-American mayor of an American city of any size, though this achievement is frequently overshadowed by fellow African American mayor Carl B. Stokes, who was elected mayor of Cleveland in 1967.Henry was...

     - first African American mayor of any city
  • Dustin Hermanson
    Dustin Hermanson
    Dustin Michael Hermanson is an American former right-handed relief pitcher in Major League Baseball.After being selected in the 1st round of the amateur draft by, and playing for, the San Diego Padres, he bounced around the majors, playing for the Montreal Expos, St. Louis Cardinals, Boston Red...

     - major league baseball player
  • Dave Hobson
    Dave Hobson
    David Lee Hobson is an American politician of the Republican Party who served as a U.S. representative from the seventh congressional district of Ohio.Hobson was born in Cincinnati, Ohio and graduated from Withrow High School in 1954...

     - Former U.S. Congressman for Ohio's Seventh District
  • Alice Hohlmayer
    Alice Hohlmayer
    Alice Hohlmayer [Naughton] is a former first basewoman and pitcher who played from through in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League...

     - All-American Girls Professional Baseball League player
  • Griffin House - singer-songwriter
  • Elwood V. Jensen
    Elwood V. Jensen
    Elwood V. Jensen is the Distinguished University Professor, George and Elizabeth Wile Chair in Cancer Research at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine's Vontz Center for Molecular Studies. In 2004 he received the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research for his research on...

     – biologist
  • Jimmy Journell
    Jimmy Journell
    James Richard Journell, , is an American former baseball pitcher. He played for the St. Louis Cardinals. He was drafted by the Cardinals in the 4th round in 1999. His only Major League experience came with the Cardinals...

     - major league baseball player
  • J. Warren Keifer
    J. Warren Keifer
    Joseph Warren Keifer was a brigadier general in the Union Army during the American Civil War and a prominent U.S. politician during the 1880s. He served in the United States House of Representatives as a Republican from Ohio from 1877 to 1885 and from 1905 to 1911...

     - Civil War General and Speaker of the House
  • Bradley Kincaid
    Bradley Kincaid
    William Bradley Kincaid was an American folk singer and radio entertainer.He was born in Point Level, Garrard County, Kentucky but built a music career in the northern states. His first radio appearance came in 1926 when he performed on the National Barn Dance show on WLS-AM in Chicago, Illinois...

     -America's first country music star. He performed on WLS, WBZ, and WLW.
  • David Ward King
    David Ward King
    David Ward King , a farmer who lived near Maitland, Missouri, was the inventor of the King road drag. His invention, which was the horse-drawn forerunner of the modern road grader, had great influence on American life because his invention improved the widespread dirt roads of his day to the extent...

     - inventor of the King road drag
    King road drag
    The King road drag was a road grader implement for grading dirt roads that revolutionized the maintenance of the dirt roads in the early 1900s. It was invented by David Ward King, who went by "D...

  • Brooks Lawrence
    Brooks Lawrence
    Brooks Ulysses Lawrence was a Major League Baseball All-Star pitcher for the St. Louis Cardinals , Cincinnati Redlegs , and Cincinnati Reds ....

     - major league baseball player
  • John Legend
    John Legend
    John Roger Stephens , better known by his stage name John Legend, is an American singer, musician, and actor. He is the recipient of nine Grammy Awards, and in 2007, he received the special Starlight award from the Songwriters Hall of Fame.Prior to the release of his debut album, Stephens' career...

     (aka John Stephens) - singer, musician, R&B and neo-soul pianist
  • Lois Lenski
    Lois Lenski
    Lois Lenski was a popular and prolific American writer of children's and young adult fiction.One of her projects was a collection of regional novels about children across the United States...

     - author and illustrator of children's fiction, including Strawberry Girl
    Strawberry Girl
    Strawberry Girl is a Newbery medal winning novel written and illustrated by Lois Lenski. It was first published in 1945.Set in the U.S. state of Florida in the early 20th century, the story deals with two families, the Boyers and the Slaters. The Boyers move to Florida to raise strawberries...

  • Deborah Loewer
    Deborah Loewer
    Deborah A. Loewer was the first warfare qualified woman promoted to flag rank in the United States Navy. She was frocked to the rank of Rear Admiral on October 1, 2003. Rear Admiral Loewer retired in 2007.-Military biography:...

     - U.S. Navy flag officer
  • Luke Lucas - major league baseball player
  • Johnny Lytle
    Johnny Lytle
    Johnny Lytle was a jazz drummer and vibraphonist.-Biography:...

     - jazz musician
  • Will McEnaney
    Will McEnaney
    William Henry McEnaney is a former professional baseball player. He was a left-handed pitcher over parts of 6 seasons in Major League Baseball with the Cincinnati Reds, Montreal Expos, Pittsburgh Pirates and St. Louis Cardinals. He was a member of the 1975 and 1976 World Series champion "Big Red...

      - major league baseball player, pitcher for the Cincinnati Reds
  • Jeff Meckstroth
    Jeff Meckstroth
    Jeffrey John Meckstroth is a multiple world champion in contract bridge, winning the Bermuda Bowl representing the U.S. five times. He is one of only ten players who have won the so-called triple crown of bridge: the Bermuda Bowl, the World Open Pairs and the World Team Olympiad...

     - Multiple world champion bridge player
  • Davey Moore - Boxer, World Featherweight Title holder 1959-1963
  • John Newbrough - writer of the Oahspe
    Oahspe: A New Bible is a book published in 1882, purporting to contain "new revelations" from "...the Embassadors of the angel hosts of heaven prepared and revealed unto man in the name of Jehovih..." It was written by an American dentist, John Ballou Newbrough , who reported it to have been...

  • Troy Perkins
    Troy Perkins
    Troy Perkins is an American soccer player who currently plays for Portland Timbers in Major League Soccer.-College and amateur:...

     - professional soccer player
  • Carl Ferdinand Pfeifer
    Carl Ferdinand Pfeifer
    Carl Ferdinand Pfeifer was an officer in the United States Navy an aide to Presidents Harry S. Truman and Dwight D. Eisenhower.-Biography:A native of Springfield, Ohio, Pfeifer was born on December 18, 1915. He would marry twice. First, to Dorothy Dowling, which ended in divorce. Second, to Mary...

     - Presidential aide
  • Coles Phillips
    Coles Phillips
    Clarence Coles Phillips was an American artist and illustrator, who after 1911 used Coles Phillips as his signature. He is known for his stylish images of women.-Early life:He was born in Springfield, Ohio...

     - early 20th century illustrator, inventor of the "fade-away" girl
  • Robert Bruce Raup
    Robert Bruce Raup
    Robert Bruce Raup , was a Professor in the Philosophy of Education, Teachers College, Columbia University. He was a well-known writer in the 1930s, whose writings were influenced by his own teacher and mentor, the American philosopher John Dewey...

     - Professor, Teachers College, Columbia University
    Teachers College, Columbia University
    Teachers College, Columbia University is a graduate school of education located in New York City, New York...

    , writer, and critic of American Education system.
  • Alaina Reed Hall
    Alaina Reed Hall
    Alaina Reed Hall was an American actress best known for her roles as Olivia, Gordon's younger sister, on the long-running children's television series Sesame Street, and Rose Lee Holloway on the NBC sitcom 227.-Early life and career:Born Bernice Ruth Reed in Springfield, Ohio, she began her career...

     – television actress, "227 (TV series)
    227 (TV series)
    227 is an American situation comedy that originally aired on NBC from September 14, 1985, until May 6, 1990. The series starred Marla Gibbs as a sharp-tongued, inner-city resident gossip and housewife, Mary Jenkins...

    " and "Sesame Street
    Sesame Street
    Sesame Street has undergone significant changes in its history. According to writer Michael Davis, by the mid-1970s the show had become "an American institution". The cast and crew expanded during this time, including the hiring of women in the crew and additional minorities in the cast. The...

  • Cecil Scott
    Cecil Scott
    Cecil Scott was an American jazz clarinetist, tenor saxophonist, and bandleader....

     - jazz clarinetist, tenor saxophonist, and bandleader
  • Dick Shatto
    Dick Shatto
    Dick Shatto was a professional Canadian football player for the Canadian Football League Toronto Argonauts. Shatto also served as the Argonauts general manager after his playing days with the club ended.Shatto's playing career with the Argos lasted twelve seasons, from 1954 to 1965...

     - professional Canadian football player
  • Winant Sidle
    Winant Sidle
    Winant Sidle was a Major General in the United States Army.-Biography:...

     - U.S. Army Major General
  • Dann Stupp
    Dann Stupp
    Dann Stupp currently runs the mixed martial arts website MMAjunkie.com. Formerly known as UFCjunkie.com his well sponsored site is one of the more popular MMA blogs on the net and has a partnership with Yahoo! Sports.-Biography:He is also the regular MMA columnist for the Dayton Daily News and a...

     – author
  • Charles Thompson
    Charles Thompson (jazz)
    Charles Phillip Thompson , is an American swing and bebop pianist, organist and arranger.He was a professional pianist from the age of 10. By the age of twelve Thompson was playing private parties with Bennie Moten and his band in Colorado Springs...

     - jazz musician
  • Tommy Tucker (aka Robert Higginbotham) - jazz musician
  • W. D. Twichell
    W. D. Twichell
    Willis Day Twichell was a Texas surveyor and civil engineer, based primarily in Amarillo and later Austin, who surveyed 165 of the state's 254 counties.-Background:...

     - surveyor
  • Christopher J. Waild
    Christopher J. Waild
    Christopher J. Waild is an American screenwriter. Waild grew up in Springfield, Ohio and attended the North Carolina School of the Arts where he studied screenwriting...

     - screenwriter
  • Earle Warren
    Earle Warren
    Earle Warren was an alto saxophonist and occasional singer with Count Basie.He was born in Springfield, Ohio....

     - jazz saxophonist with Count Basie
    Count Basie
    William "Count" Basie was an American jazz pianist, organist, bandleader, and composer. Basie led his jazz orchestra almost continuously for nearly 50 years...

  • Walter L. Weaver
    Walter L. Weaver
    Walter Lowrie Weaver was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.Born in Montgomery County, Ohio, Weaver attended the public schools and Monroe Academy, and was graduated from Wittenberg College, Springfield, Ohio, in 1870. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1872 and commenced practice in...

     - U.S. Representative from Ohio
  • Rick White
    Rick White (baseball player)
    Richard Allen White is a former Major League Baseball relief pitcher. White spent parts of 12 seasons in the majors, working primarily as a relief pitcher. He batted and threw right-handed.-Career summary:...

     - major league baseball player
  • Worthington Whittredge
    Worthington Whittredge
    Thomas Worthington Whittredge was an American artist of the Hudson River School. Whittredge was a highly regarded artist of his time, and was friends with several leading Hudson River School artists including Albert Bierstadt and Sanford Robinson Gifford...

     - Hudson River School painter
  • Jonathan Winters
    Jonathan Winters
    -Early life:Winters was born in Bellbrook, Ohio, the son of Alice Kilgore , a radio personality, and Jonathan Harshman Winters II, an investment broker. He is a descendant of Valentine Winters, founder of the Winters National Bank in Dayton, Ohio...

     - actor and comedian

Sister cities

Springfield has four sister cities
Town twinning
Twin towns and sister cities are two of many terms used to describe the cooperative agreements between towns, cities, and even counties in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.- Terminology :...

, as designated by Sister Cities International
Sister Cities International
Sister Cities International is a nonprofit citizen diplomacy network that creates and strengthens partnerships between United States and international communities. More than 2,000 cities, states and counties are partnered in 136 countries around the world...

: - Kragujevac
Kragujevac is the fourth largest city in Serbia, the main city of the Šumadija region and the administrative centre of Šumadija District. It is situated on the banks of the Lepenica River...

, Serbia
Serbia , officially the Republic of Serbia , is a landlocked country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, covering the southern part of the Carpathian basin and the central part of the Balkans...

 - Casey
City of Casey
The City of Casey is a Local Government Area in Victoria, Australia, located in the outer south-eastern suburbs of Melbourne. Casey is Victoria's most populous municipality, with a 2006 census population of 214,960. The municipality's population growth rate during both 1996-2001 and 2001-2006 was...

, Australia
Australia , officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area...

 - Piteşti
Pitești is a city in Romania, located on the Argeș River. The capital and largest city of Argeș County, it is an important commercial and industrial center, as well as the home of two universities. Pitești is situated on the A1 freeway connecting it directly to the national capital Bucharest,...

, Romania
Romania is a country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeastern Europe, on the Lower Danube, within and outside the Carpathian arch, bordering on the Black Sea...

 - Wittenberg
Wittenberg, officially Lutherstadt Wittenberg, is a city in Germany in the Bundesland Saxony-Anhalt, on the river Elbe. It has a population of about 50,000....

, Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

See also

  • Clark County Heritage Center
    Clark County Heritage Center
    The Clark County Heritage Center is a building in central Springfield, Ohio, United States. Originally built for the city's offices in 1890, it is now the location of the Clark County Historical Society , which includes a museum, research library and archives. The building has been listed on the...

    , which houses the Clark County Historical Society museum, library, and archives.
  • Clark County Public Library
    Clark County Public Library
    Clark County Public Library is the public library of Clark County, Ohio, United States. It is based in Springfield, Ohio and has a collection of approximately 500,000 items.-History:...

    , which has its main and two other branches in Springfield.
  • Springfield City School District
    Springfield City School District
    Springfield City School District is the public school district that serves the city of Springfield, Ohio. The district was led by former superintendent Dr...

    , the school district that serves the city of Springfield

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.