Million
Encyclopedia
List of numbers – Integers 100000 100000 (number) One hundred thousand is the natural number following 99999 and preceding 100001. In scientific notation, it is written as 105.In South Asia, one hundred thousand is called a lakh... 1000000 10000000 10000000 (number) Ten million is the natural number following 9999999 and preceding 10000001.In scientific notation, it is written as 107.In South Asia, it is known as the Crore.- Selected 8-digit numbers :*10077696 = 69... |
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Cardinal Cardinal number In mathematics, cardinal numbers, or cardinals for short, are a generalization of the natural numbers used to measure the cardinality of sets. The cardinality of a finite set is a natural number – the number of elements in the set. The transfinite cardinal numbers describe the sizes of infinite... |
One million | |
Abbreviation Abbreviation An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word or phrase. Usually, but not always, it consists of a letter or group of letters taken from the word or phrase... |
M | |
Ordinal Ordinal number In set theory, an ordinal number, or just ordinal, is the order type of a well-ordered set. They are usually identified with hereditarily transitive sets. Ordinals are an extension of the natural numbers different from integers and from cardinals... |
One millionth | |
Roman numeral | ||
Factorization Factorization In mathematics, factorization or factoring is the decomposition of an object into a product of other objects, or factors, which when multiplied together give the original... |
2^{6} · 5^{6} | |
Binary Binary numeral system The binary numeral system, or base-2 number system, represents numeric values using two symbols, 0 and 1. More specifically, the usual base-2 system is a positional notation with a radix of 2... |
11110100001001000000 | |
Hexadecimal Hexadecimal In mathematics and computer science, hexadecimal is a positional numeral system with a radix, or base, of 16. It uses sixteen distinct symbols, most often the symbols 0–9 to represent values zero to nine, and A, B, C, D, E, F to represent values ten to fifteen... |
F4240 |
One million (1,000,000) or one thousand thousand, is the natural number
Natural number
In mathematics, the natural numbers are the ordinary whole numbers used for counting and ordering . These purposes are related to the linguistic notions of cardinal and ordinal numbers, respectively...
following 999,999 and preceding 1,000,001. The word is derived from the early Italian
Italian language
Italian is a Romance language spoken mainly in Europe: Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City, by minorities in Malta, Monaco, Croatia, Slovenia, France, Libya, Eritrea, and Somalia, and by immigrant communities in the Americas and Australia...
millione (milione in modern Italian), from mille, "thousand", plus the augmentative
Augmentative
An augmentative is a morphological form of a word which expresses greater intensity, often in size, but also in other attributes...
suffix -one.
In scientific notation
Scientific notation
Scientific notation is a way of writing numbers that are too large or too small to be conveniently written in standard decimal notation. Scientific notation has a number of useful properties and is commonly used in calculators and by scientists, mathematicians, doctors, and engineers.In scientific...
, it is written as or just 10^{6}. Physical quantities
Physical quantity
A physical quantity is a physical property of a phenomenon, body, or substance, that can be quantified by measurement.-Definition of a physical quantity:Formally, the International Vocabulary of Metrology, 3rd edition defines quantity as:...
can also be expressed using the SI prefix
SI prefix
The International System of Units specifies a set of unit prefixes known as SI prefixes or metric prefixes. An SI prefix is a name that precedes a basic unit of measure to indicate a decadic multiple or fraction of the unit. Each prefix has a unique symbol that is prepended to the unit symbol...
mega, when dealing with SI
Si
Si, si, or SI may refer to :- Measurement, mathematics and science :* International System of Units , the modern international standard version of the metric system...
units. For example, 1 megawatt equals 1,000,000 watt
Watt
The watt is a derived unit of power in the International System of Units , named after the Scottish engineer James Watt . The unit, defined as one joule per second, measures the rate of energy conversion.-Definition:...
s.
The meaning of the word "million" is common to the short scale
Long and short scales
The long and short scales are two of several different large-number naming systems used throughout the world for integer powers of ten. Many countries, including most in continental Europe, use the long scale whereas most English-speaking countries use the short scale...
and long scale
Long and short scales
The long and short scales are two of several different large-number naming systems used throughout the world for integer powers of ten. Many countries, including most in continental Europe, use the long scale whereas most English-speaking countries use the short scale...
numbering systems, unlike the larger numbers, which have different names in the two systems.
The million is sometimes used in the English language
English language
English is a West Germanic language that arose in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England and spread into what was to become south-east Scotland under the influence of the Anglian medieval kingdom of Northumbria...
as a metaphor
Metaphor
A metaphor is a literary figure of speech that uses an image, story or tangible thing to represent a less tangible thing or some intangible quality or idea; e.g., "Her eyes were glistening jewels." Metaphor may also be used for any rhetorical figures of speech that achieve their effects via...
for a very large number, as in "Never in a million years" and "You're one in a million", or a hyperbole
Hyperbole
Hyperbole is the use of exaggeration as a rhetorical device or figure of speech. It may be used to evoke strong feelings or to create a strong impression, but is not meant to be taken literally....
, as in "I've walked a million miles" and "You've asked the million dollar question".
Visualizing one million
Even though it is often stressed that counting to precisely a million would be an exceedingly tedious task due to the time and concentration required, there are many ways to bring the number "down to size" in approximate quantities, ignoring irregularities or packing effects.- Information: Not counting spaces, the text printed on 136 pages of an Encyclopædia BritannicaEncyclopædia BritannicaThe Encyclopædia Britannica , published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia that is available in print, as a DVD, and on the Internet. It is written and continuously updated by about 100 full-time editors and more than 4,000 expert...
, or 600 pages of pulp paperback fictionPulp magazinePulp magazines , also collectively known as pulp fiction, refers to inexpensive fiction magazines published from 1896 through the 1950s. The typical pulp magazine was seven inches wide by ten inches high, half an inch thick, and 128 pages long...
contains approximately one million characters. - Length: There are one million millimeters in a kilometer, and roughly a million sixteenths of an inchInchAn inch is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, and United States customary units. There are 36 inches in a yard and 12 inches in a foot...
in a mileMileA mile is a unit of length, most commonly 5,280 feet . The mile of 5,280 feet is sometimes called the statute mile or land mile to distinguish it from the nautical mile...
. A typical carČarČar is a village in the municipality of Bujanovac, Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the town has a population of 296 people.-References:...
tireTireA tire or tyre is a ring-shaped covering that fits around a wheel rim to protect it and enable better vehicle performance by providing a flexible cushion that absorbs shock while keeping the wheel in close contact with the ground...
might rotate a million times in a 1200 miles (1,931.2 km) trip, while the engine would do several times that number of revolutionsRevolutions per minuteRevolutions per minute is a measure of the frequency of a rotation. It annotates the number of full rotations completed in one minute around a fixed axis...
. - Fingers: If the width of a human fingerFinger (unit)A finger , is usually seven eighths of an inch or 2.2225 cm . The width of an adult human male finger tip is indeed about two centimetres. The inch, on the other hand, originates in the breadth of a thumb. In English this unit has mostly fallen out of use....
is 2.2225 cm (7/8 inch), then a million fingers lined up would cover a distance of approximately 22 km (13.7 mi). If a person walks at a speed of 4 km/h, it would take them approximately five and a half hours to reach the end of the fingers. - Area: A square a thousand objects or units on a side contains a million such objects or square units, so a million holes might be found in less than three square yards of window screen, or similarly, in about one half square foot (400–500 cm^{2}) of bed sheet cloth. A city lot 70 by 100 feet is about a million square inches.
- Volume: The cube root of one million is only one hundred, so a million objects or cubic units is contained in a cube only a hundred objects or linear units on a side. A million grains of table salt or granulated sugarSugarSugar is a class of edible crystalline carbohydrates, mainly sucrose, lactose, and fructose, characterized by a sweet flavor.Sucrose in its refined form primarily comes from sugar cane and sugar beet...
occupies only about 64 ml, slightly over a quarter of a cup, the volume of a cube one hundred grains on a side. One million cubic inches would be the volume of a small room only 8 1/3 feet long by 8 1/3 feet wide by 8 1/3 feet high. - Mass: A million cubic millimeters (small droplets) of water would have a volume of (one litreLitrepic|200px|right|thumb|One litre is equivalent to this cubeEach side is 10 cm1 litre water = 1 kilogram water The litre is a metric system unit of volume equal to 1 cubic decimetre , to 1,000 cubic centimetres , and to 1/1,000 cubic metre...
) and a mass of one kilogramKilogramThe kilogram or kilogramme , also known as the kilo, is the base unit of mass in the International System of Units and is defined as being equal to the mass of the International Prototype Kilogram , which is almost exactly equal to the mass of one liter of water...
. A million millilitres or cubic centimetreCubic centimetreA cubic centimetre is a commonly used unit of volume extending the derived SI-unit cubic metre, and corresponds to the volume of a cube measuring 1 cm × 1 cm × 1 cm...
s (one cubic metreCubic metreThe cubic metre is the SI derived unit of volume. It is the volume of a cube with edges one metre in length. An alternative name, which allowed a different usage with metric prefixes, was the stère...
) of water has a mass of a million gramGramThe gram is a metric system unit of mass....
s or one tonneTonneThe tonne, known as the metric ton in the US , often put pleonastically as "metric tonne" to avoid confusion with ton, is a metric system unit of mass equal to 1000 kilograms. The tonne is not an International System of Units unit, but is accepted for use with the SI...
. - Weight: A million 80 milligram Honey beeHoney beeHoney bees are a subset of bees in the genus Apis, primarily distinguished by the production and storage of honey and the construction of perennial, colonial nests out of wax. Honey bees are the only extant members of the tribe Apini, all in the genus Apis...
s would weigh the same as an 80 kg person. - Landscape: A pyramidPyramidA pyramid is a structure whose outer surfaces are triangular and converge at a single point. The base of a pyramid can be trilateral, quadrilateral, or any polygon shape, meaning that a pyramid has at least three triangular surfaces...
al shaped hill 600 feet (182.9 m) wide at the base and 100 feet (30.5 m) high would weigh about a million tons. - Computer: A display resolutionDisplay resolutionThe display resolution of a digital television or display device is the number of distinct pixels in each dimension that can be displayed. It can be an ambiguous term especially as the displayed resolution is controlled by all different factors in cathode ray tube , flat panel or projection...
of 1,280 by 800 pixelPixelIn digital imaging, a pixel, or pel, is a single point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable screen element in a display device; it is the smallest unit of picture that can be represented or controlled....
s contains 1,024,000 pixels. - Money: A USD bill of any denomination weighs 1 gram. There are 454 grams in a pound. One million $1 bills would weigh in at 2,204.62 pounds, or just over 1 ton.
In Indian English
Indian English
Indian English is an umbrella term used to describe dialects of the English language spoken primarily in the Republic of India.As a result of British colonial rule until Indian independence in 1947 English is an official language of India and is widely used in both spoken and literary contexts...
, it may be known as 10 lakh
Lakh
A lakh is a unit in the Indian numbering system equal to one hundred thousand . It is widely used both in official and other contexts in Pakistan, Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and is often used in Indian English.-Usage:...
s.
See also
- Orders of magnitude (numbers)Orders of magnitude (numbers)This list contains selected positive numbers in increasing order, including counts of things, dimensionless quantity and probabilities. Each number is given a name in the short scale, which is used in English speaking countries, as well as a name in the long scale, which is used in some of the...
to help compare dimensionless numbers between 1,000,000 and 10,000,000 (10^{6} and 10^{7}). - Names of large numbersNames of large numbersThis article lists and discusses the usage and derivation of names of large numbers, together with their possible extensions.The following table lists those names of large numbers which are found in many English dictionaries and thus have a special claim to being "real words"...
Selected 7-digit numbers (1,000,000 – 9,999,999)
- 1,000,003 – Smallest 7-digitNumerical digitA digit is a symbol used in combinations to represent numbers in positional numeral systems. The name "digit" comes from the fact that the 10 digits of the hands correspond to the 10 symbols of the common base 10 number system, i.e...
prime numberPrime numberA prime number is a natural number greater than 1 that has no positive divisors other than 1 and itself. A natural number greater than 1 that is not a prime number is called a composite number. For example 5 is prime, as only 1 and 5 divide it, whereas 6 is composite, since it has the divisors 2... - 1,046,527 – Carol number
- 1,048,576 = 2^{20} (power of twoPower of twoIn mathematics, a power of two means a number of the form 2n where n is an integer, i.e. the result of exponentiation with as base the number two and as exponent the integer n....
), 2,116-gonal numberPolygonal numberIn mathematics, a polygonal number is a number represented as dots or pebbles arranged in the shape of a regular polygon. The dots were thought of as alphas . These are one type of 2-dimensional figurate numbers.- Definition and examples :...
, an 8,740-gonal number and a 174,764-gonal number, the number of byteByteThe byte is a unit of digital information in computing and telecommunications that most commonly consists of eight bits. Historically, a byte was the number of bits used to encode a single character of text in a computer and for this reason it is the basic addressable element in many computer...
s in a mebibyteMebibyteThe mebibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information. The binary prefix mebi means 220, therefore 1 mebibyte is . The unit symbol for the mebibyte is MiB. The unit was established by the International Electrotechnical Commission in 2000 and has been accepted for use by all major...
, the number of kibibyteKibibyteThe kibibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for quantities of digital information. The binary prefix kibi means 1024; therefore, 1 kibibyte is . The unit symbol for the kibibyte is KiB. The unit was established by the International Electrotechnical Commission in 1999 and has been accepted for use...
s in a gibibyteGibibyteThe gibibyte is a standards-based binary multiple of the byte, a unit of digital information storage. The gibibyte unit symbol is GiB....
, and so on. Also the most rows that CalcOpenOffice.org CalcOpenOffice.org Calc is the spreadsheet component of the OpenOffice.org software package.Calc is similar to Microsoft Excel, with a roughly equivalent range of features. Calc is capable of opening and saving most spreadsheets in Microsoft Excel file format...
(OpenOffice.org Calc 3.3) can accept in a single worksheetWorksheetA worksheet is a sheet of paper, or on a computer, on which problems are worked out or solved and answers recorded.-Education:Students in a school may have 'fill-in-the-blank' sheets of questions, diagrams, or maps to help them with their exercises...
. - 1,048,976 – Leyland numberLeyland numberIn number theory, a Leyland number is a number of the form xy + yx, where x and y are integers greater than 1. The first few Leyland numbers are...
- 1,050,623 – Kynea number
- 1,058,576 – Leyland number
- 1,084,051 – Keith number
- 1,089,270 – harmonic divisor numberHarmonic divisor numberIn mathematics, a harmonic divisor number, or Ore number , is a positive integer whose divisors have a harmonic mean that is an integer. The first few harmonic divisor numbers are...
- 1,136,689 – Pell numberPell numberIn mathematics, the Pell numbers are an infinite sequence of integers that have been known since ancient times, the denominators of the closest rational approximations to the square root of 2. This sequence of approximations begins 1/1, 3/2, 7/5, 17/12, and 41/29, so the sequence of Pell numbers...
, Markov numberMarkov numberA Markov number or Markoff number is a positive integer x, y or z that is part of a solution to the Markov Diophantine equationx^2 + y^2 + z^2 = 3xyz,\,studied by .The first few Markov numbers are... - 1,234,567 – Smarandache consecutive number (base 10 digits are in numerical order)
- 1,278,818 – Markov number
- 1,346,269 – Fibonacci numberFibonacci numberIn mathematics, the Fibonacci numbers are the numbers in the following integer sequence:0,\;1,\;1,\;2,\;3,\;5,\;8,\;13,\;21,\;34,\;55,\;89,\;144,\; \ldots\; ....
, Markov number - 1,413,721 – square triangular numberSquare triangular numberIn mathematics, a square triangular number is a number which is both a triangular number and a perfect square....
- 1,421,280 – harmonic divisor number
- 1,441,440 – colossally abundant numberColossally abundant numberIn mathematics, a colossally abundant number is a natural number that, in some rigorous sense, has a lot of divisors...
- 1,441,889 – Markov number
- 1,539,720 – harmonic divisor number
- 1,563,372 – Wedderburn-Etherington numberWedderburn-Etherington numberIn graph theory, the Wedderburn–Etherington numbers, named for Ivor Malcolm Haddon Etherington and Joseph Wedderburn, count how many weak binary trees can be constructed: that is, the number of trees for which each graph vertex is adjacent to no more than three other such vertices, for a...
- 1,594,323 = 3^{13}
- 1,596,520 – Leyland number
- 1,647,086 – Leyland number
- 1,679,616 = 6^{8}
- 1,686,049 – Markov number
- 1,741,725 – equal to the sum of the seventh power of its digits
- 1,771,561 = 11^{6} = 121^{3} = 1331^{2}, also, Commander Spock's estimate for the tribble population in the Star TrekStar Trek: The Original SeriesStar Trek is an American science fiction television series created by Gene Roddenberry, produced by Desilu Productions . Star Trek was telecast on NBC from September 8, 1966, through June 3, 1969...
episode "The Trouble With TribblesThe Trouble With Tribbles (TOS episode)"The Trouble With Tribbles" is a second-season episode of Star Trek: The Original Series, first broadcast on December 29, 1967 and repeated June 21, 1968...
" - 1,941,760 – Leyland number
- 1,953,125 = 5^{9}
- 2,012,174 – Leyland number
- 2,012,674 - Markov number
- 2,097,152 = 2^{21}, power of two
- 2,097,593 - prime Leyland number
- 2,124,679 - Wolstenholme primeWolstenholme primeIn number theory, a Wolstenholme prime is a special type of prime number satisfying a stronger version of Wolstenholme's theorem. Wolstenholme's theorem is a congruence relation satisfied by all prime numbers greater than 7...
- 2,178,309 - Fibonacci numberFibonacci numberIn mathematics, the Fibonacci numbers are the numbers in the following integer sequence:0,\;1,\;1,\;2,\;3,\;5,\;8,\;13,\;21,\;34,\;55,\;89,\;144,\; \ldots\; ....
- 2,356,779 - Motzkin numberMotzkin numberIn mathematics, a Motzkin number for a given number n is the number of different ways of drawing non-intersecting chords on a circle between n points. The Motzkin numbers have very diverse applications in geometry, combinatorics and number theory...
- 2,423,525 - Markov number
- 2,674,440 - Catalan numberCatalan numberIn combinatorial mathematics, the Catalan numbers form a sequence of natural numbers that occur in various counting problems, often involvingrecursively defined objects...
- 2,744,210 - Pell number
- 2,796,203 - Wagstaff prime
- 2,922,509 - Markov number
- 3,263,442 - product of the first five terms of Sylvester's sequenceSylvester's sequenceIn number theory, Sylvester's sequence is an integer sequence in which each member of the sequence is the product of the previous members, plus one. The first few terms of the sequence are:...
- 3,263,443 - sixth term of Sylvester's sequence
- 3,276,509 - Markov number
- 3,301,819 - alternating factorialAlternating factorialIn mathematics, an alternating factorial is the absolute value of the alternating sum of the first n factorials.This is the same as their sum, with the odd-indexed factorials multiplied by −1 if n is even, and the even-indexed factorials multiplied by −1 if n is odd, resulting in an...
- 3,524,578 - Fibonacci number, Markov number
- 3,626,149 - Wedderburn-Etherington number
- 3,628,800 = 10! (factorialFactorialIn mathematics, the factorial of a non-negative integer n, denoted by n!, is the product of all positive integers less than or equal to n...
of ten) - 4,037,913 - sum of the first ten factorials
- 4,190,207 - Carol number
- 4,194,304 = 2^{22}, power of two
- 4,194,788 - Leyland number
- 4,198,399 - Kynea number
- 4,208,945 - Leyland number
- 4,210,818 - equal to the sum of the seventh powers of its digits
- 4,213,597 - Bell numberBell numberIn combinatorics, the nth Bell number, named after Eric Temple Bell, is the number of partitions of a set with n members, or equivalently, the number of equivalence relations on it...
- 4,400,489 - Markov number
- 4,782,969 = 3^{14}
- 4,785,713 - Leyland number
- 4,826,809 = 13^{6}
- 5,134,240 - the largest number that cannot be expressed as the sum of distinct fourth powers
- 5,702,887 - Fibonacci number
- 5,764,801 = 7^{8}
- 6,536,382 - Motzkin number
- 6,625,109 - Pell number, Markov number
- 7,418,880 = 4*8*15*16*23*42
- 7,453,378 - Markov number
- 7,861,953 - Leyland number
- 7,913,837 - Keith number
- 8,000,000 - Used to represent infinity in Japanese mythology
- 8,388,608 = 2^{23}, power of two
- 8,389,137 - Leyland number
- 8,399,329 - Markov number
- 8,436,379 - Wedderburn-Etherington number
- 8,675,309 - A hit song867-5309/Jenny"867-5309/Jenny" is a song written by Alex Call and Jim Keller and performed by Tommy Tutone that was released on the album Tommy Tutone 2, on the Columbia Records label. It peaked at number four on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and number one on the Billboard Top Tracks chart in 1982...
for Tommy TutoneTommy TutoneTommy Tutone is a New Wave band, best known for its 1982 hit "867-5309/Jenny", which peaked at #4 on the Billboard Hot 100. Although it is usually referred to as a San Francisco band, it was actually based in Willits, California, at the time that "Jenny" was released...
(also a twin primeTwin primeA twin prime is a prime number that differs from another prime number by two. Except for the pair , this is the smallest possible difference between two primes. Some examples of twin prime pairs are , , , , and...
) - 8,675,311 - A twin prime
- 8,946,176 - self-descriptive numberSelf-descriptive numberA self-descriptive number is an integer m that in a given base b is b-digits long in which each digit d at position n counts how many instances of digit n are in m.For example, in base 10, the number 6210001000 is self-descriptive because of the following...
in base 8 - 9,227,465 - Fibonacci number, Markov number
- 9,369,319 - Newman–Shanks–Williams prime
- 9,647,009 - Markov number
- 9,694,845 - Catalan number
- 9,765,625 = 5^{10}
- 9,800,817 - equal to the sum of the seventh powers of its digits
- 9,865,625 - Leyland numberLeyland numberIn number theory, a Leyland number is a number of the form xy + yx, where x and y are integers greater than 1. The first few Leyland numbers are...
- 9,926,315 - equal to the sum of the seventh powers of its digits
- 9,999,991 - Largest 7-digit prime number