In

geometryGeometry arose as the field of knowledge dealing with spatial relationships. Geometry was one of the two fields of pre-modern mathematics, the other being the study of numbers ....

, a

**cube** is a

three-dimensionalThree-dimensional space is a geometric 3-parameters model of the physical universe in which we live. These three dimensions are commonly called length, width, and depth , although any three directions can be chosen, provided that they do not lie in the same plane.In physics and mathematics, a...

solid object bounded by six

squareIn geometry, a square is a regular quadrilateral. This means that it has four equal sides and four equal angles...

faces,

facetFacets are flat faces on geometric shapes. The organization of naturally occurring facets was key to early developments in crystallography, since they reflect the underlying symmetry of the crystal structure...

s or sides, with three meeting at each

vertexIn geometry, a vertex is a special kind of point that describes the corners or intersections of geometric shapes.-Of an angle:...

. The cube can also be called a

**regular**A regular polyhedron is a polyhedron whose faces are congruent regular polygons which are assembled in the same way around each vertex. A regular polyhedron is highly symmetrical, being all of edge-transitive, vertex-transitive and face-transitive - i.e. it is transitive on its flags...

hexahedronA hexahedron is any polyhedron with six faces, although usually implies the cube as a regular hexahedron with all its faces square, and three squares around each vertex....

and is one of the five

Platonic solidIn geometry, a Platonic solid is a convex polyhedron that is regular, in the sense of a regular polygon. Specifically, the faces of a Platonic solid are congruent regular polygons, with the same number of faces meeting at each vertex; thus, all its edges are congruent, as are its vertices and...

s. It is a special kind of square

prismIn geometry, a prism is a polyhedron with an n-sided polygonal base, a translated copy , and n other faces joining corresponding sides of the two bases. All cross-sections parallel to the base faces are the same. Prisms are named for their base, so a prism with a pentagonal base is called a...

, of rectangular

parallelepipedIn geometry, a parallelepiped is a three-dimensional figure formed by six parallelograms. By analogy, it relates to a parallelogram just as a cube relates to a square. In Euclidean geometry, its definition encompasses all four concepts...

and of

trigonal trapezohedronIn geometry, the trigonal trapezohedron or deltohedron is the first in an infinite series of face-uniform polyhedra which are dual to the antiprisms. It has six faces which are congruent rhombi....

. The cube is

dualIn geometry, polyhedra are associated into pairs called duals, where the vertices of one correspond to the faces of the other. The dual of the dual is the original polyhedron. The dual of a polyhedron with equivalent vertices is one with equivalent faces, and of one with equivalent edges is another...

to the

octahedronIn geometry, an octahedron is a polyhedron with eight faces. A regular octahedron is a Platonic solid composed of eight equilateral triangles, four of which meet at each vertex....

. It has cubical symmetry (also called

octahedral symmetry150px|thumb|right|The [[cube]] is the most common shape with octahedral symmetryA regular octahedron has 24 rotational symmetries, and a symmetry order of 48 including transformations that combine a reflection and a rotation...

). It is special by being a

cuboidIn geometry, a cuboid is a solid figure bounded by six faces, forming a convex polyhedron. There are two competing definitions of a cuboid in mathematical literature...

and a

rhombohedronIn geometry, a rhombohedron is a three-dimensional figure like a cube, except that its faces are not squares but rhombi. It is a special case of a parallelepiped where all edges are the same length....

.

For a cube centered at the origin, with edges parallel to the axes and with an edge length of 2, the Cartesian coordinates of the vertices are

- (±1, ±1, ±1)

while the interior consists of all points (

*x*_{0},

*x*_{1},

*x*_{2}) with −1 <

*x*_{ i} < 1.

For a cube of edge length

,

As the volume of a cube is the third power of its sides

*a*×

*a*×

*a*,

third powerThird Power was a hard rock band from Detroit, Michigan, who released one album in 1970.The group was formed in 1969 and became a prominent local bar band before signing to Vanguard Records. Guitarist Drew Abbott and bassist Jem Targal shared singing duties. They released an album, Believe, on the...

s are called

*cubes*, by analogy with squares and second powers.

A cube has the largest volume among

cuboidIn geometry, a cuboid is a solid figure bounded by six faces, forming a convex polyhedron. There are two competing definitions of a cuboid in mathematical literature...

s (rectangular boxes) with a given

surface areaSurface area is the measure of how much exposed area a solid object has, expressed in square units. Mathematical description of the surface area is considerably more involved than the definition of arc length of a curve. For polyhedra the surface area is the sum of the areas of its faces...

.