Rhombohedron

Encyclopedia

Rhombohedron | |
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Type | Prism Prism (geometry) In geometry, a prism is a polyhedron with an n-sided polygonal base, a translated copy , and n other faces joining corresponding sides of the two bases. All cross-sections parallel to the base faces are the same. Prisms are named for their base, so a prism with a pentagonal base is called a... |

Faces | 6 rhombi Rhombus In Euclidean geometry, a rhombus or rhomb is a convex quadrilateral whose four sides all have the same length. The rhombus is often called a diamond, after the diamonds suit in playing cards, or a lozenge, though the latter sometimes refers specifically to a rhombus with a 45° angle.Every... |

Edges | 12 |

Vertices | 8 |

Symmetry group | C_{i}Cyclic symmetries This article deals with the four infinite series of point groups in three dimensions with n-fold rotational symmetry about one axis , and no other rotational symmetry :Chiral:*Cn of order n - n-fold rotational symmetry... , [2 ^{+},2^{+}], (1x) |

Properties | convex Convex set In Euclidean space, an object is convex if for every pair of points within the object, every point on the straight line segment that joins them is also within the object... , zonohedron Zonohedron A zonohedron is a convex polyhedron where every face is a polygon with point symmetry or, equivalently, symmetry under rotations through 180°. Any zonohedron may equivalently be described as the Minkowski sum of a set of line segments in three-dimensional space, or as the three-dimensional... |

In geometry

Geometry

Geometry arose as the field of knowledge dealing with spatial relationships. Geometry was one of the two fields of pre-modern mathematics, the other being the study of numbers ....

, a

**rhombohedron**is a three-dimensional figure like a cube

Cube

In geometry, a cube is a three-dimensional solid object bounded by six square faces, facets or sides, with three meeting at each vertex. The cube can also be called a regular hexahedron and is one of the five Platonic solids. It is a special kind of square prism, of rectangular parallelepiped and...

, except that its faces are not squares but rhombi

Rhombus

In Euclidean geometry, a rhombus or rhomb is a convex quadrilateral whose four sides all have the same length. The rhombus is often called a diamond, after the diamonds suit in playing cards, or a lozenge, though the latter sometimes refers specifically to a rhombus with a 45° angle.Every...

. It is a special case of a parallelepiped

Parallelepiped

In geometry, a parallelepiped is a three-dimensional figure formed by six parallelograms. By analogy, it relates to a parallelogram just as a cube relates to a square. In Euclidean geometry, its definition encompasses all four concepts...

where all edges are the same length.

In general the rhombohedron can have three types of rhombus faces in congruent opposite pairs.

If all of the non-obtuse internal angles of the faces are equal (all faces are same), it can be called a trigonal trapezohedron

Trigonal trapezohedron

In geometry, the trigonal trapezohedron or deltohedron is the first in an infinite series of face-uniform polyhedra which are dual to the antiprisms. It has six faces which are congruent rhombi....

.

Another special case is that, where there is a plane of symmetry through four vertices (with symmetry group

Symmetry group

The symmetry group of an object is the group of all isometries under which it is invariant with composition as the operation...

*C*

_{2h}

Cyclic symmetries

This article deals with the four infinite series of point groups in three dimensions with n-fold rotational symmetry about one axis , and no other rotational symmetry :Chiral:*Cn of order n - n-fold rotational symmetry...

), and a special case of that, where there is another plane of symmetry through the other four vertices (with symmetry group

*D*

_{2h}

Dihedral symmetry in three dimensions

This article deals with three infinite sequences of point groups in three dimensions which have a symmetry group that as abstract group is a dihedral group Dihn .See also point groups in two dimensions.Chiral:...

).

The cube

Cube

In geometry, a cube is a three-dimensional solid object bounded by six square faces, facets or sides, with three meeting at each vertex. The cube can also be called a regular hexahedron and is one of the five Platonic solids. It is a special kind of square prism, of rectangular parallelepiped and...

combines these special properties, and so is a special case of the rhombohedron. A less symmetric example is a

*rhombic prism*, constructed by two rhombi and 4 squares, with

*D*

_{2h}symmetry.

The rhombohedral lattice system has rhombohedral cells, with 3 pairs of unique rhombic faces: