Lake View Cemetery
Lake View Cemetery is located on the east side of the City of Cleveland, Ohio
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the United States. The 34th largest state by area in the U.S.,it is the 7th‑most populous with over 11.5 million residents, containing several major American cities and seven metropolitan areas with populations of 500,000 or more.The state's capital is Columbus...

, along the East Cleveland
East Cleveland, Ohio
East Cleveland is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States, and is the first suburb of Cleveland, Ohio. The population was 17,843 at the 2010 census....

 and Cleveland Heights
Cleveland Heights, Ohio
Cleveland Heights is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States, a suburb of Cleveland. The city's population was 46,121 at the 2010 census.-Geography:Cleveland Heights is located at ....

 borders. There are over 104,000 people buried
Burial is the act of placing a person or object into the ground. This is accomplished by excavating a pit or trench, placing an object in it, and covering it over.-History:...

 at Lake View, with more than 700 burials each year. There are 70 acre (0.2832802 km²) remaining for future development. Known locally as "Cleveland's Outdoor Museum," Lake View Cemetery is home to the James A. Garfield Memorial
James A. Garfield Memorial
The James A. Garfield Memorial was built in memory of the 20th U.S. President, James A. Garfield, who was assassinated in 1881. The memorial is located at 12316 Euclid Avenue in Lake View Cemetery in Cleveland, Ohio...

, Wade Memorial Chapel
Wade Memorial Chapel
The Wade Memorial Chapel is a historic chapel in Cleveland, Ohio, United States. The Neoclassical chapel was built in 1901 in Cleveland's Lake View Cemetery, which is the location of over 104,000 burials. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973...

, which features an interior designed by Louis Tiffany, as well as an 80000000 gallons (302,832,960 l) capacity concrete-filled dam.


Lake View Cemetery was founded in 1869 and sits on 285 acres (1.2 km²) of land. The cemetery
A cemetery is a place in which dead bodies and cremated remains are buried. The term "cemetery" implies that the land is specifically designated as a burying ground. Cemeteries in the Western world are where the final ceremonies of death are observed...

 is so named because it is partially located in the "heights" area of Greater Cleveland
Greater Cleveland
Greater Cleveland is a nickname for the metropolitan area surrounding Cleveland, Ohio and is part of what used to be the Connecticut Western Reserve.Northeast Ohio refers to a similar but substantially larger area as described below...

, with a view of Lake Erie
Lake Erie
Lake Erie is the fourth largest lake of the five Great Lakes in North America, and the tenth largest globally. It is the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume of the Great Lakes and therefore also has the shortest average water residence time. It is bounded on the north by the...

 to the north. It was modeled after the great garden cemeteries of Victorian era
Victorian era
The Victorian era of British history was the period of Queen Victoria's reign from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901. It was a long period of peace, prosperity, refined sensibilities and national self-confidence...

 England and France. The Italian stonemasons brought in to create the Cemetery founded the Cleveland neighborhood of Little Italy just to its southwest.

The James A. Garfield Memorial
James A. Garfield Memorial
The James A. Garfield Memorial was built in memory of the 20th U.S. President, James A. Garfield, who was assassinated in 1881. The memorial is located at 12316 Euclid Avenue in Lake View Cemetery in Cleveland, Ohio...

 is the most prominent point of interest at Lake View Cemetery. The ornate interior features a large marble statue, stained glass
Stained glass
The term stained glass can refer to coloured glass as a material or to works produced from it. Throughout its thousand-year history, the term has been applied almost exclusively to the windows of churches and other significant buildings...

, bas relief, and various historical relics from Garfield's life and presidency. The monument also serves as a scenic observation deck and picnic area. President and Mrs. Garfield
Lucretia Garfield
Lucretia Rudolph Garfield , wife of James A. Garfield, was First Lady of the United States in 1881.-Early life:...

 are entombed in the lower level crypt
In architecture, a crypt is a stone chamber or vault beneath the floor of a burial vault possibly containing sarcophagi, coffins or relics....

, their coffins placed side by side and visible to cemetery visitors.

The other prominent structure in the cemetery is the Wade Chapel. A small-but-magnificent chapel with Tiffany windows and elaborate Biblically-inspired mosaics on the walls, the edifice is still used for small weddings and located north and down the hill from the Garfield monument. Behind the chapel is a large pond.

The cemetery is among those profiled in the 2005 PBS documentary A Cemetery Special
A Cemetery Special
A Cemetery Special is a 2005 PBS television documentary film by Rick Sebak of WQED. The documentary profiles cemeteries and cemetery-related businesses and events across the United States.The following cemeteries are covered in the film:...


Notable interments

  • Newton D. Baker
    Newton D. Baker
    Newton Diehl Baker, Jr. was an American politician who belonged to the Democratic Party. He served as the 37th mayor of Cleveland, Ohio from 1912 to 1915 and as U.S. Secretary of War from 1916 to 1921.-Early years:...

    , U.S. Secretary of War during World War I
  • Frances Payne Bolton
    Frances P. Bolton
    Frances Payne Bolton , born Frances P. Bingham, was a Republican politician from Ohio. She served in the United States House of Representatives. She was the first woman elected to Congress from Ohio. She was also the oldest woman to date to serve in the House of Representatives.Born in Cleveland,...

    , United States House of Representatives
  • Charles F. Brush
    Charles F. Brush
    Charles Francis Brush was a U.S. inventor, entrepreneur and philanthropist.-Biography:Born in Euclid Township, Ohio, Brush was raised on a farm about 10 miles from downtown Cleveland...

    , inventor and businessman
  • William B. Castle
    William B. Castle
    William Bainbridge Castle was an American politician of the Whig Party who served as the 11th and final mayor of Ohio City from 1853 to 1854 and the 14th mayor of Cleveland, Ohio from 1855 and 1856....

    , last Mayor of Ohio City, Mayor of Cleveland
  • Ray Chapman
    Ray Chapman
    Raymond Johnson Chapman was an American baseball player, spending his entire career as a shortstop for Cleveland....

    , baseball player for the Cleveland Indians
    Cleveland Indians
    The Cleveland Indians are a professional baseball team based in Cleveland, Ohio. They are in the Central Division of Major League Baseball's American League. Since , they have played in Progressive Field. The team's spring training facility is in Goodyear, Arizona...

    , one of only two Major League Baseball
    Major League Baseball
    Major League Baseball is the highest level of professional baseball in the United States and Canada, consisting of teams that play in the National League and the American League...

     players to die of injuries sustained on the playing field during a game
  • Charles W. Chesnutt
    Charles W. Chesnutt
    Charles Waddell Chesnutt was an American author, essayist, political activist and lawyer, best known for his novels and short stories exploring complex issues of racial and social identity in the post-Civil War South, where the legacy of slavery and interracial relations had resulted in many free...

    , African-American attorney and author.
  • Henry D. Coffinberry
    Henry D. Coffinberry
    Henry Darling Coffinberry was a prominentAmerican industrialist from Cleveland,Ohio. Along with his partner, Robert Wallace, H. D. Coffinberry is considered one of the founding fathers of modern Great Lakes shipping. Following a memorable Civil War career on the ironclad gunboat Louisville,...

    , industrialist, founder of the Cleveland Shipbuilding Company, builder of the Onoko: the first iron-hulled laker
    Lake freighter
    Lake freighters, or Lakers, are bulk carrier vessels that ply the Great Lakes. The best known was the , the most recent and largest major vessel to be wrecked on the Lakes. These vessels are traditionally called boats, although classified as ships. In the mid-20th century, 300 lakers worked the...

  • Harvey Cushing
    Harvey Cushing
    Harvey Williams Cushing, M.D. , was an American neurosurgeon and a pioneer of brain surgery, and the first to describe Cushing's syndrome...

    , pioneer brain surgeon
  • James A. Garfield, 20th President of the United States
  • Lucretia Garfield
    Lucretia Garfield
    Lucretia Rudolph Garfield , wife of James A. Garfield, was First Lady of the United States in 1881.-Early life:...

    , former First Lady of the United States
  • Marcus A. Hanna
    Mark Hanna
    Marcus Alonzo "Mark" Hanna was a United States Senator from Ohio and the friend and political manager of President William McKinley...

    , U.S. Senator and Republican Party
    Republican National Committee
    The Republican National Committee is an American political committee that provides national leadership for the Republican Party of the United States. It is responsible for developing and promoting the Republican political platform, as well as coordinating fundraising and election strategy. It is...

  • John Hay
    John Hay
    John Milton Hay was an American statesman, diplomat, author, journalist, and private secretary and assistant to Abraham Lincoln.-Early life:...

    , former United States Secretary of State
    United States Secretary of State
    The United States Secretary of State is the head of the United States Department of State, concerned with foreign affairs. The Secretary is a member of the Cabinet and the highest-ranking cabinet secretary both in line of succession and order of precedence...

     and aide to President Abraham Lincoln
    Abraham Lincoln
    Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States, serving from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. He successfully led his country through a great constitutional, military and moral crisis – the American Civil War – preserving the Union, while ending slavery, and...

     (Hay's monument was created by sculptor James Earle Fraser)
  • Edwin Converse Higbee, founder of Higbee's
    Higbee's was a department store founded 1860 in Cleveland, Ohio. In 1992, Higbee's stores were re-branded as part of Dillard's.-History:Higbee's was founded by Edwin Converse Higbee and John G. Hower on September 10, 1860 as Higbee & Hower Dry Goods. The first day of business saw $100 in sales. ...

    , the first department store in Cleveland
  • Adella Prentiss Hughes
    Adella Prentiss Hughes
    Adella Prentiss Hughes was a pianist and impresario best known as the main organiser of Cleveland Orchestra....

    , founder of the Cleveland Orchestra
    Cleveland Orchestra
    The Cleveland Orchestra is an American orchestra based in Cleveland, Ohio. It is one of the five American orchestras informally referred to as the "Big Five". Founded in 1918, the orchestra plays most of its concerts at Severance Hall...

  • Effie Hinckley Ober Kline, founder of the Boston Ideal Opera Company, second wife of Virgil P. Kline.
  • Virgil P. Kline, Abolitionist publisher and anti-trust attorney, later house counsel to John D. Rockefeller.
  • Garrett Morgan, inventor of the gas mask
    Gas mask
    A gas mask is a mask put on over the face to protect the wearer from inhaling airborne pollutants and toxic gases. The mask forms a sealed cover over the nose and mouth, but may also cover the eyes and other vulnerable soft tissues of the face. Some gas masks are also respirators, though the word...

     and the three-colored traffic light
    Traffic light
    Traffic lights, which may also be known as stoplights, traffic lamps, traffic signals, signal lights, robots or semaphore, are signalling devices positioned at road intersections, pedestrian crossings and other locations to control competing flows of traffic...

  • Eliot Ness
    Eliot Ness
    Eliot Ness was an American Prohibition agent, famous for his efforts to enforce Prohibition in Chicago, Illinois, and the leader of a legendary team of law enforcement agents nicknamed The Untouchables.- Early life :...

    , detective, investigator and Cleveland safety director best known member of The Untouchables
    The Untouchables (law enforcement)
    The Untouchables was a group of 13 U.S. federal law-enforcement agents, led by Eliot Ness, who, from 1929 to 1931, worked to end Al Capone's illegal activities by aggressively enforcing Prohibition and tax laws against Capone and his organization...

     (Ness's ashes and those of his wife Elizabeth and son Robert were scattered over a pond in the cemetery. A memorial marker stands nearby.)
  • Harvey Pekar
    Harvey Pekar
    Harvey Lawrence Pekar was an American underground comic book writer, music critic and media personality, best known for his autobiographical American Splendor comic series. In 2003, the series inspired a critically acclaimed film adaptation of the same name.Pekar described American Splendor as "an...

    , comic book writer, known for his groundbreaking series American Splendor
    American Splendor
    American Splendor is a series of autobiographical comic books written by the late Harvey Pekar and drawn by a variety of artists. The first issue was published in 1976 and the most recent in September 2008, with publication occurring at irregular intervals...

    . Ashes scattered here.
  • John D. Rockefeller
    John D. Rockefeller
    John Davison Rockefeller was an American oil industrialist, investor, and philanthropist. He was the founder of the Standard Oil Company, which dominated the oil industry and was the first great U.S. business trust. Rockefeller revolutionized the petroleum industry and defined the structure of...

    , billionaire oil tycoon and philanthropist
  • James Salisbury
    James Salisbury
    James Henry Salisbury, M.D. was a 19th-century American physician, and the inventor of the Salisbury steak....

    , inventor of the Salisbury steak
    Salisbury steak
    Salisbury steak is a dish made from a blend of minced beef and other ingredients, which is shaped to resemble a steak, and usually is served with gravy / brown sauce. Hamburger steak is a similar product, but differs in ingredients....

  • Rufus P. Spalding
    Rufus P. Spalding
    Rufus Paine Spalding was a nineteenth century politician, lawyer and judge from Ohio.-Early life:Born in West Tisbury, Massachusetts, Spalding graduated from Yale College in 1817. After graduating, Spalding began his study of law as an apprentice under Zephaniah Swift...

    , abolitionist, judge of the Supreme Court of Ohio
    Supreme Court of Ohio
    The Supreme Court of Ohio is the highest court in the U.S. state of Ohio, with final authority over interpretations of Ohio law and the Ohio Constitution. The court has seven members, a chief justice and six associate justices, each serving six-year terms...

    , member of the U.S. House of Representatives
  • Carl B. Stokes
    Carl B. Stokes
    Carl Burton Stokes was an American politician of the Democratic party who served as the 51st mayor of Cleveland, Ohio. Elected on November 7, 1967, but took office on Jan 1, 1968, he was the first African American mayor of a major U.S. city. Fellow Ohioan Robert C. Henry was the first African...

    , Mayor of Cleveland, United States ambassador, first African American
    African American
    African Americans are citizens or residents of the United States who have at least partial ancestry from any of the native populations of Sub-Saharan Africa and are the direct descendants of enslaved Africans within the boundaries of the present United States...

     elected mayor of a major American city
  • Dr. Worthy S. Streator
    Worthy S. Streator
    Dr. Worthy Stevens Streator was an American physician, railroad developer, industrialist and entrepreneur after whom the city of Streator, Illinois is named...

    , physician, railroad baron, founder of Streator, Illinois
    Streator, Illinois
    Streator is a city in LaSalle and partially in Livingston counties in the U.S. state of Illinois. The city is situated on the Vermilion River approximately southwest of Chicago, Illinois in the prairie and farm land of north-central Illinois. It is the center of the geographic region known as...

    , Ohio State Senator
    Ohio Senate
    The Ohio State Senate is the upper house of the Ohio General Assembly, the legislative body for the U.S. state of Ohio. There are 33 State Senators. The state legislature meets in the state capital, Columbus. The President of the Senate presides over the body when in session, and is currently Tom...

    , first mayor of East Cleveland, Ohio
    East Cleveland, Ohio
    East Cleveland is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States, and is the first suburb of Cleveland, Ohio. The population was 17,843 at the 2010 census....

  • William R. Van Aken
    William R. Van Aken
    William Russell Van Aken was an American lawyer and politician from Ohio.-Biography:He was born in Cleveland, Ohio, to Florence and William J. Van Aken, a former mayor and influential citizen of Shaker Heights, Ohio. He graduated from Shaker Heights High School in 1930 and received his B.S...

    , Ohio State Representative
  • Mantis James Van Sweringen
    Van Sweringen brothers
    Oris Paxton Van Sweringen and Mantis James Van Sweringen were brothers who became railroad barons in order to develop Shaker Heights, Ohio. They are better known as O.P. Van Sweringen and M.J. Van Sweringen, or by their collective nickname, the Vans...

    , railroad baron, financier and co-founder of Shaker Heights, Ohio
    Shaker Heights, Ohio
    Shaker Heights is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States. As of the 2010 Census, the city population was 28,448. It is an inner-ring streetcar suburb of Cleveland that abuts the city on its eastern side.-Topography:Shaker Heights is located at...

  • Oris Paxton Van Sweringen
    Van Sweringen brothers
    Oris Paxton Van Sweringen and Mantis James Van Sweringen were brothers who became railroad barons in order to develop Shaker Heights, Ohio. They are better known as O.P. Van Sweringen and M.J. Van Sweringen, or by their collective nickname, the Vans...

    , railroad baron, financier and co-founder of Shaker Heights, Ohio
  • Jeptha Wade
    Jeptha Wade
    Jeptha Homer Wade was an American industrialist, philanthropist, and one of the founding members of Western Union Telegraph....

    , founder of Western Union
    Western Union
    The Western Union Company is a financial services and communications company based in the United States. Its North American headquarters is in Englewood, Colorado. Up until 2006, Western Union was the best-known U.S...

    Telegraphy is the long-distance transmission of messages via some form of signalling technology. Telegraphy requires messages to be converted to a code which is known to both sender and receiver...

  • Andrew Novick, leading urologist and researcher, pioneer of nephron-sparing surgery in kidney cancer, established the Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute at the Cleveland Clinic
    Cleveland Clinic
    The Cleveland Clinic is a multispecialty academic medical center located in Cleveland, Ohio, United States. The Cleveland Clinic is currently regarded as one of the top 4 hospitals in the United States as rated by U.S. News & World Report...

  • Victims of the 1908 Collinwood school fire
    Collinwood School Fire
    The Collinwood school fire of Ash Wednesday, March 4, 1908, was one of the deadliest disasters of its type in the United States...

  • Viktor Schreckengost
    Viktor Schreckengost
    Viktor Schreckengost was a noted American industrial designer and teacher, sculptor, and artist. His wide-ranging work included noted pottery designs, industrial design, bicycle design and seminal research on radar feedback...

    , noted American industrial designer and teacher, sculptor, and artist who taught industrial design at the Cleveland Institute of Art
    Cleveland Institute of Art
    The Cleveland Institute of Art is a private college of art and design located in University Circle, Cleveland, Ohio. It was founded in 1882 as the Western Reserve School of Design for Women. From 1891 until 1948 it was named Cleveland School of Art. During the Great Depression the school...

    for more than 50 years and was a professor emeritus until his death.

External links

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