Nationally, dominated by Russian
The Russian people are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Russia, speaking the Russian language and primarily living in Russia and neighboring countries....

 (50,2%), Bashkirs
The Bashkirs are a Turkic people indigenous to Bashkortostan extending on both parts of the Ural mountains, on the place where Europe meets Asia. Groups of Bashkirs also live in the republic of Tatarstan, Perm Krai, Chelyabinsk, Orenburg, Tyumen, Sverdlovsk, Kurgan, Samara and Saratov Oblasts of...

 (14,8%) and Tatars
Tatars are a Turkic speaking ethnic group , numbering roughly 7 million.The majority of Tatars live in the Russian Federation, with a population of around 5.5 million, about 2 million of which in the republic of Tatarstan.Significant minority populations are found in Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan,...

 (28,1%). In addition, numerous (more than 1000 people) are Ukrainians
Ukrainians are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Ukraine, which is the sixth-largest nation in Europe. The Constitution of Ukraine applies the term 'Ukrainians' to all its citizens...

 (17,772 people), Chuvash
Chuvash may refer to:*Chuvash people*Chuvash language*Chuvashia, a republic in Russia*Çuvaş, Azerbaijan...

 (10,586 people), Mari (9616 people), Belarusians
Belarusians ; are an East Slavic ethnic group who populate the majority of the Republic of Belarus. Introduced to the world as a new state in the early 1990s, the Republic of Belarus brought with it the notion of a re-emerging Belarusian ethnicity, drawn upon the lines of the Old Belarusian...

 (5556 people), Mordovians (3975 people), Armenian
Armenian people or Armenians are a nation and ethnic group native to the Armenian Highland.The largest concentration is in Armenia having a nearly-homogeneous population with 97.9% or 3,145,354 being ethnic Armenian....

 (2822 people), Germans
The Germans are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe. The English term Germans has referred to the German-speaking population of the Holy Roman Empire since the Late Middle Ages....

 (2213 people), Jews
The Jews , also known as the Jewish people, are a nation and ethnoreligious group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near East. The Jewish ethnicity, nationality, and religion are strongly interrelated, as Judaism is the traditional faith of the Jewish nation...

 (2082 people), Azeris (2075 people).

Government and administration

Local government
The bodies of local self-government of Ufa are:
  • Council, a representative body. Formed of 35 deputies for 4 years.
  • Chairman of the Board - the head of the city district. Term of 4 years.
  • Urban Okrug Administration. The structure of the administration approved by the Council on the proposal of the Head of the Administration.
  • Head of the Administration manages the administration on the principles of unity of command. He is appointed under a contract entered into by the results of the competition. Term of office of the Head of the Administration limited to the period of office of the Council of the convocation.

Republican and federal
  • Electoral Commission of the Urban Okrug
  • Government of the Republic of Bashkortostan
  • Ministries of the Republic

In Ufa is Constitutional Court, Arbitration Court and Supreme Court of the Republic of Bashkortostan, and War, world
World Court
* any of the international courts located in The Hague:**the International Court of Justice , a UN court that settles disputes between nations...

 and district court.


Urban enterprises engaged in oil refining, chemistry, mechanical engineering. The economy of Ufa amount of fuel and energy and engineering complexes.

The volume of shipped goods of own production, made its own works and services to manufacturing industry in 2009 - 185.0 billion rubles. ((DB regions of the Volga district))

In Ufa holds about 200 large and medium industrial enterprises.Ufa - capital of the Republic of Bashkortostan

There are some important enterprises in Ufa:
  • UMPO (Ufa Engine Industrial Association) : founded in 1925 whose main products are jet engine
    Jet engine
    A jet engine is a reaction engine that discharges a fast moving jet to generate thrust by jet propulsion and in accordance with Newton's laws of motion. This broad definition of jet engines includes turbojets, turbofans, rockets, ramjets, pulse jets...

  • Bashneft
    Bashneft is a Russian oil company. It is one of the largest producer of oil products in the country. The company operates 140 oil and natural gas fields in Russia and has an annual oil production of 16 million tonnes. Bashneft owns three oil refineries located in Ufa with a combined capacity of ...

     : oil and gas company
  • UFNC (Ufaneftekhim) : oil and petrochemical company


Ufa is a donor of the republic's and federal budgets. About 62.8 % of tax revenues accumulated on the territory of Ufa City municipal district of Bashkortostan Republic are directed to the federal budget and 29 % to the republic's budget.


Ufa is linked by railways to the rest of Russia, having a railway station on a historic branch of the Transsib
Trans-Siberian Railway
The Trans-Siberian Railway is a network of railways connecting Moscow with the Russian Far East and the Sea of Japan. It is the longest railway in the world...

. Ufa is the only city connected to Moscow by more than one Federal highway
Russian federal highways
Russian federal highways are the most important highways in Russia which are the federal property. The following motorways are designated as federal.*All highways...

. The M7 motorway
M7 highway (Russia)
The Russian Route M7 is a major trunk road running from Moscow through Vladimir and Nizhny Novgorod to Kazan in Tatarstan and Ufa in Bashkortostan...

 links the city to Kazan and Moscow and the M5 motorway
M5 highway (Russia)
The Russian route M5 is a major trunk road running across a distance of 1879 km from Moscow to the Ural Mountains. It is part of the European route E30 and the Trans-Siberian Highway....

 links Ufa to Moscow and to the Asian part of Russia.

Ufa International Airport has international flights to UAE, Turkey
Turkey , known officially as the Republic of Turkey , is a Eurasian country located in Western Asia and in East Thrace in Southeastern Europe...

, Greece
Greece , officially the Hellenic Republic , and historically Hellas or the Republic of Greece in English, is a country in southeastern Europe....

, Egypt
Egypt , officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, Arabic: , is a country mainly in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula forming a land bridge in Southwest Asia. Egypt is thus a transcontinental country, and a major power in Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, the Middle East and the Muslim world...

, Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan , officially the Republic of Azerbaijan is the largest country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west, and Iran to...

, Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan , officially the Republic of Uzbekistan is a doubly landlocked country in Central Asia and one of the six independent Turkic states. It shares borders with Kazakhstan to the west and to the north, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan to the east, and Afghanistan and Turkmenistan to the south....

, as well as domestic flights to many Russian cities and towns.


Ufa's football club FC Ufa
FC Ufa
FC Ufa is a Russian football club from Ufa that was founded in 2010. Two-time English Premier League winner Andrei Kanchelskis was appointed as manager...

 play in the Russian Second Division. Ufa is the biggest city in Europe never to have been represented in top-flight football. The city ice hockey club Salavat Yulaev Ufa
Salavat Yulaev Ufa
Salavat Yulaev is a professional ice hockey team based in Ufa in the Republic of Bashkortostan, a federal subject of the Russian Federation. They are members of the Chernyshev Division of the Kontinental Hockey League, and were part of Group C of the 2008–09 Champions Hockey League.-History:The...

 plays in the Kontinental Hockey League
Kontinental Hockey League
The Kontinental Hockey League is an international professional ice hockey league in Eurasia founded in 2008. As of 2009, it is ranked as the strongest hockey league in Europe....

 (KHL), being the KHL Champion (2010/2011) and two-time Russia Champion (2007/2008, 2010/2011). The Ural Volleyball club are also based in Ufa.

Education and science

Educational institutions include:
  • Bashkir State University
    Bashkir State University
    Bashkir State University is located in Ufa, Bashkortostan, Russia,founded in 1904, is among the top ten classical universities of Russia. It is especially strong in Organic Chemistry, Applied Mathematics, Philology, Information Technologies, Geophysics, and petroleum engineering...

  • Bashkir State Teachers Training University named after M.Akmulla
  • Bashkir State Medical University
  • Ufa State Aviation Technical University
    Ufa State Aviation Technical University
    Ufa State Aviation Technical University is a state higher school, located in Ufa, Bashkortostan, Russia. Ufa State Aviation Technical University was founded in 1932 in Rybinsk, USSR. Nowadays, Ufa State Aviation Technical University has become the one of leading higher educational institutions of...

  • Ufa State Petroleum Technological University
  • Ufa Architectural University
  • Ufa Agricultural University

and others.


The main religious
Religion is a collection of cultural systems, belief systems, and worldviews that establishes symbols that relate humanity to spirituality and, sometimes, to moral values. Many religions have narratives, symbols, traditions and sacred histories that are intended to give meaning to life or to...

This article is for the religious practice of confessing one's sins.Confession is the acknowledgment of sin or wrongs...

s in the city are Islam
Islam . The most common are and .   : Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~...

 (Sunni) and Orthodox Christianity
Eastern Orthodox Church
The Orthodox Church, officially called the Orthodox Catholic Church and commonly referred to as the Eastern Orthodox Church, is the second largest Christian denomination in the world, with an estimated 300 million adherents mainly in the countries of Belarus, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Georgia, Greece,...

 (the city - the center of the Russian Orthodox
Russian Orthodox Church
The Russian Orthodox Church or, alternatively, the Moscow Patriarchate The ROC is often said to be the largest of the Eastern Orthodox churches in the world; including all the autocephalous churches under its umbrella, its adherents number over 150 million worldwide—about half of the 300 million...

 Diocese of Ufa and Sterlitamak). Ufa is the seat of the central authorities and Mufti
A mufti is a Sunni Islamic scholar who is an interpreter or expounder of Islamic law . In religious administrative terms, a mufti is roughly equivalent to a deacon to a Sunni population...

  Central Spiritual Directorate of Muslims of Russia and European CIS countries.

The majority of the population are adherents of Orthodox Christianity
The word orthodox, from Greek orthos + doxa , is generally used to mean the adherence to accepted norms, more specifically to creeds, especially in religion...

 with an estimated 50% being Orthodox and the remaining 45% made up of a mainly Islam with small numbers of Jews and other religions.


The city has Bashkir, Russian, and Tatar State Drama Theaters, a State Opera and Ballet Theater, a National Symphony Orchestra, "Bashkortostan" film studio, philharmonic collectives, and the Bashkir State Folk Dance Ensemble.

Notable people

Famous citizens of Ufa include:
  • Sergey Aksakov, writer;
  • Vladimir Spivakov
    Vladimir Spivakov
    Vladimir Teodorovich Spivakov is a leading Russian conductor and violinist best known for his work with the chamber orchestra....

    , musician;
  • Salawat Yulayev
    Salawat Yulayev
    Salawat Yulayev , Shaytan-Kudeevsky volost, Ufa province, Orenburg Governorate, Russia – 26 September 1800, Paldiski) is a Bashkir national hero who participated in Pugachev's rebellion.- Biography :...

    , rebel;
  • Mirsaid Sultangaliev, muslim
    A Muslim, also spelled Moslem, is an adherent of Islam, a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion based on the Quran, which Muslims consider the verbatim word of God as revealed to prophet Muhammad. "Muslim" is the Arabic term for "submitter" .Muslims believe that God is one and incomparable...

    The Bolsheviks, originally also Bolshevists , derived from bol'shinstvo, "majority") were a faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party which split apart from the Menshevik faction at the Second Party Congress in 1903....

  • Mikhail Nesterov
    Mikhail Nesterov
    Mikhail Vasilyevich Nesterov was a major representative of religious Symbolism in Russian art. He was a pupil of Pavel Tchistyakov at the Imperial Academy of Arts, but later allied himself with the group of artists known as the Peredvizhniki...

    , artist;
  • Rudolf Nureyev
    Rudolf Nureyev
    Rudolf Khametovich Nureyev was a Russian dancer, considered one of the most celebrated ballet dancers of the 20th century. Nureyev's artistic skills explored expressive areas of the dance, providing a new role to the male ballet dancer who once served only as support to the women.In 1961 he...

    , dancer;
  • Vera Timanova
    Vera Timanova
    Vera Viktorovna Timanova was a Russian pianist.Vera Timanova was born into a well-to-do family in Ufa, Bashkortostan, Russia, where she spent her childhood. She showed musical aptitude at an early age, and at age six began taking piano instruction from local teachers, with her first public...

    , pianist;
  • Andrei Zubarev
    Andrei Zubarev
    Andrey Zubarev is a Russian professional ice hockey player currently playing for Atlant Moscow Oblast of the Kontinental Hockey League . He previously played in 4 games in the National Hockey League with the Atlanta Thrashers during the season.-Playing career:Zubarev was drafted 187th overall in...

    , Andrei Zyuzin
    Andrei Zyuzin
    Andrei Yurievich Zyuzin is a Russian professional ice hockey player currently playing for Mytishi Khimik of the Kontinental Hockey League . He formerly played for six different teams in the National Hockey League .-Playing career:...

    , Alexander Semak
    Alexander Semak
    Alexander Vladimirovich Semak is a retired professional ice hockey centre who played ten seasons in the Soviet League between 1982 and 1992 for Salavat Yulaev Ufa and HC Dynamo Moscow before moving to North America where he played six National Hockey League seasons from 1991–92 until 1996–97...

     and Igor Kravchuk
    Igor Kravchuk
    Igor Aleksandrovich Kravchuk is a Russian former ice hockey defenceman, who spent several seasons in the National Hockey League and also competed internationally for the USSR and Russia.-Playing career:...

    , NHL
    National Hockey League
    The National Hockey League is an unincorporated not-for-profit association which operates a major professional ice hockey league of 30 franchised member clubs, of which 7 are currently located in Canada and 23 in the United States...

     ice hockey
    Ice hockey
    Ice hockey, often referred to as hockey, is a team sport played on ice, in which skaters use wooden or composite sticks to shoot a hard rubber puck into their opponent's net. The game is played between two teams of six players each. Five members of each team skate up and down the ice trying to take...

  • Zemfira
    Zemfira, officially Zemfira Talgatovna Ramazanova ; born 26 August 1976 in Ufa, Bashkortostan) is a Russian rock artist of Bashkir descent...

    , musician;
  • Valerian Albanov
    Valerian Albanov
    Valerian Ivanovich Albanov was a Russian navigator, best known for being one of only two survivors of the ill-fated Brusilov expedition of 1912.-Biography:...

    , navigator of ill-fated Arctic ship St. Anna
    Svyataya Anna
    The ship Svyataya Anna , named after Saint Anne, was the Philomel-class gunvessel HMS Newport launched in England in 1867. She was sold in 1881 and renamed Pandora II. She was purchased again in about 1890 and renamed Blencathra, taking part in expeditions to the north coast of Russia...

  • Yuri Shevchuk
    Yuri Shevchuk
    Yuri Yulianovich Shevchuk , born 16 May 1957, is a Soviet and Russian singer/songwriter who leads the rock band DDT, which he founded with Vladimir Sigachev in 1980. Shevchuk was born in Yagodnoye in Magadan Oblast and raised in Ufa, Bashkir ASSR, though he now resides in St. Petersburg, Russia....

    , musician, and his rock band DDT
    DDT (band)
    DDT is a popular Russian rock band founded by its lead singer, Yuri Shevchuk , in Ufa in 1980...

     were Ufa residents for some time.
  • Ernest Muldashev
    Ernest Muldashev
    Ernst Rifgatovich Muldashev ; ; born 1948 in Verkhne-Sermenevo village, Beloretsky District, Bashkortostan) is a Bashkortostan doctor, Tibet explorer, from the city of Ufa. Some of his controversial publications were inspired by Helena Petrovna Blavatsky...

    , ophthalmologist
  • Boris Kolker
    Boris Kolker
    Boris Grigorevich Kolker is a language teacher, translator and advocate of the international language Esperanto. He was until 1993 a Soviet and Russian citizen and since then has been a resident and citizen of the United States residing in Cleveland, Ohio. In 1985 he was awarded a Ph.D...

    , member of the Academy of Esperanto
  • Anatoli Efimoff
    Anatoli Efimoff
    - Early Years in Russia :The artist Anatole Alexandrovich Efimoff, Anatolii Aleksandrovich Efimov 1897 - 1981, was born November 21, 1897 to well-to-do parents in the Russian city of Ufa in the Urals. Anatole’s artistic and musical talents were recognized at a young age, and in 1906 he entered the...

    , artist
  • Ildar Abdrazakov, opera singer (bass)

Twin towns/sister cities

Ufa is twinned
Town twinning
Twin towns and sister cities are two of many terms used to describe the cooperative agreements between towns, cities, and even counties in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.- Terminology :...

Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the country's second largest city after Istanbul. The city has a mean elevation of , and as of 2010 the metropolitan area in the entire Ankara Province had a population of 4.4 million....

, Turkey
Turkey , known officially as the Republic of Turkey , is a Eurasian country located in Western Asia and in East Thrace in Southeastern Europe...

Halle, Saxony-Anhalt
Halle is the largest city in the German state of Saxony-Anhalt. It is also called Halle an der Saale in order to distinguish it from the town of Halle in North Rhine-Westphalia...

, Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

 Las Pinas, Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

Orenburg is a city on the Ural River and the administrative center of Orenburg Oblast, Russia. It lies southeast of Moscow, very close to the border with Kazakhstan. Population: 546,987 ; 549,361 ; Highest point: 154.4 m...

, Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

Paldiski is a town and Baltic Sea port situated on the Pakri peninsula of north-western Estonia. Originally a Swedish settlement known as Rågervik, it became a Russian naval base in the 18th century. The Russians renamed it Балтийский Порт Paldiski is a town and Baltic Sea port situated on the...

, Estonia
Estonia , officially the Republic of Estonia , is a state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea, to the south by Latvia , and to the east by Lake Peipsi and the Russian Federation . Across the Baltic Sea lies...

External links

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