n country located in Western Asia (mostly in the Anatolia
n peninsula) and in East Thrace
in Southeastern Europe. Turkey is bordered by eight countries: Bulgaria
to the northwest; Greece
to the west; Georgia
to the northeast; Armenia
(the exclave of Nakhchivan) and Iran
to the east; and Iraq
to the southeast.
526 A devastating earthquake strikes Antioch, Turkey, killing 250,000.
1509 The Battle of Diu takes place near Diu, India, between Portugal and Turkey.
1565 The Knights of Malta lift the Turkish siege of Malta that began on May 18.
1826 French philhellene Charles Nicolas Fabvier forces his way through the Turkish cordon and ascends the Acropolis of Athens, which had been under siege.
1831 Great Bosnian uprising: Bosniak rebel against Turkey.
1853 Crimean War: Battle of Sinop — The Imperial Russian Navy under Pavel Nakhimov destroys the Ottoman fleet under Osman Pasha at Sinop, a sea port in northern Turkey.
1863 Robert College of Istanbul-Turkey, the first American educational institution outside the United States, is founded by Christopher Robert, an American philanthropist.
1878 Greece declares war on Turkey.
1903 Fall of the Ottoman Empire: an unsuccessful uprising led by the Internal Macedonian-Adrianople Revolutionary Organization against Ottoman Turkey, also known as the Ilinden-Preobrazhenie Uprising, takes place.
1911 First use of aircraft in war: An Italian pilot takes off from Libya to observe Turkish army lines during the Turco-Italian War.