TeliaSonera AB is the dominant telephone company
Telephone company
A telephone company is a service provider of telecommunications services such as telephony and data communications access. Many were at one time nationalized or state-regulated monopolies...

 and mobile network operator
Mobile network operator
A mobile network operator , also known as mobile phone operator , carrier service provider , wireless service provider, wireless carrier, or cellular company, or mobile network carrier is a telephone company that provides services for mobile phone subscribers.One essential...

 in Sweden
Sweden , officially the Kingdom of Sweden , is a Nordic country on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. Sweden borders with Norway and Finland and is connected to Denmark by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund....

 and Finland
Finland , officially the Republic of Finland, is a Nordic country situated in the Fennoscandian region of Northern Europe. It is bordered by Sweden in the west, Norway in the north and Russia in the east, while Estonia lies to its south across the Gulf of Finland.Around 5.4 million people reside...

. The company has operations in other countries in Northern
Northern Europe
Northern Europe is the northern part or region of Europe. Northern Europe typically refers to the seven countries in the northern part of the European subcontinent which includes Denmark, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Finland and Sweden...

, Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe is the eastern part of Europe. The term has widely disparate geopolitical, geographical, cultural and socioeconomic readings, which makes it highly context-dependent and even volatile, and there are "almost as many definitions of Eastern Europe as there are scholars of the region"...

, Central Asia
Central Asia
Central Asia is a core region of the Asian continent from the Caspian Sea in the west, China in the east, Afghanistan in the south, and Russia in the north...

 and Spain
Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...

, with a total of 150 million mobile customers (2010). It is headquartered in Stockholm
Stockholm is the capital and the largest city of Sweden and constitutes the most populated urban area in Scandinavia. Stockholm is the most populous city in Sweden, with a population of 851,155 in the municipality , 1.37 million in the urban area , and around 2.1 million in the metropolitan area...

 and its stocks are traded on the Stockholm Stock Exchange
Stockholm Stock Exchange
The Stockholm Stock Exchange is a stock exchange located in Stockholm, Sweden. Founded in 1863 it is the primary securities exchange of the Nordic Countries....

 and on the Helsinki Stock Exchange
Helsinki Stock Exchange
The Helsinki Stock Exchange is a stock exchange located in Helsinki, Finland. Since 3 September 2003 it has been part of OMX, referred to as OMX Helsinki . Since NASDAQ's acquisition of OMX in February 2008, the official name of the Helsinki exchange has been NASDAQ OMX Helsinki.- History :The...


Corporate history

TeliaSonera is the result of a 2002 merger between the Swedish and Finnish telecommunications companies, Telia and Sonera. This merger followed shortly after Telia's failed merger with Norwegian
Norway , officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic unitary constitutional monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula, Jan Mayen, and the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard and Bouvet Island. Norway has a total area of and a population of about 4.9 million...

 telecommunications company Telenor
Telenor Group is the incumbent telecommunications company in Norway, with headquarters located at Fornebu, close to Oslo. Today, Telenor Group is mostly an international wireless carrier with operations in Scandinavia, Eastern Europe and Asia, working predominantly under the Telenor brand...

, now its chief competitor in the Nordic countries.

Telia has a history as a state telephone monopoly
A monopoly exists when a specific person or enterprise is the only supplier of a particular commodity...

, before privatization
Privatization is the incidence or process of transferring ownership of a business, enterprise, agency or public service from the public sector to the private sector or to private non-profit organizations...

. Sonera on the other hand used to have monopoly only on trunk network calls, while most (c. 75%) of local telecommunication was provided by telephone cooperatives. The separate brand names Telia and Sonera have continued to be used in the Swedish and Finnish markets respectively. Of the shares, 37 % are owned by the Swedish government, 13.2 % by the Finnish government, and the rest by institutions, companies, and private investors worldwide.

The Swedish Kungl. Telegrafverket (literally: Royal Telegraph Agency) was founded in 1853, when the first electric telegraph
Telegraphy is the long-distance transmission of messages via some form of signalling technology. Telegraphy requires messages to be converted to a code which is known to both sender and receiver...

 line was established between Stockholm and Uppsala
- Economy :Today Uppsala is well established in medical research and recognized for its leading position in biotechnology.*Abbott Medical Optics *GE Healthcare*Pfizer *Phadia, an offshoot of Pharmacia*Fresenius*Q-Med...

. Sweden was one of few countries where the Bell System
Bell System
The Bell System was the American Bell Telephone Company and then, subsequently, AT&T led system which provided telephone services to much of the United States and Canada from 1877 to 1984, at various times as a monopoly. In 1984, the company was broken up into separate companies, by a U.S...

 never got a strong hold, because Bell
Alexander Graham Bell
Alexander Graham Bell was an eminent scientist, inventor, engineer and innovator who is credited with inventing the first practical telephone....

's invention was not patent
A patent is a form of intellectual property. It consists of a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state to an inventor or their assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for the public disclosure of an invention....

ed in Sweden and a Swedish private competitor, Allmänna Telefon, was thus able to find an independent equipment supplier in Lars Magnus Ericsson
Ericsson , one of Sweden's largest companies, is a provider of telecommunication and data communication systems, and related services, covering a range of technologies, including especially mobile networks...

. In this early competition, Telegrafverket with its brand Rikstelefon was a latecomer. However, by securing a national monopoly on long distance telephone lines, it was able with time to control and take over the local networks of quickly growing private telephone companies.

A de facto
De facto
De facto is a Latin expression that means "concerning fact." In law, it often means "in practice but not necessarily ordained by law" or "in practice or actuality, but not officially established." It is commonly used in contrast to de jure when referring to matters of law, governance, or...

 telephone monopoly position was reached around 1920, and never needed legal sanction. In 1953 the name was modernised to Televerket. On 1 July 1992 this huge government agency's regulating functions was split off into Post- och telestyrelsen
Post- och telestyrelsen
The Swedish Post and Telecom Agency is the government agency that oversees, controls and regulates postal, telephone, IT and radio services in Sweden. The agency comes under the department of business.- External links :*...

 (PTS), with similar functions as the U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Federal Communications Commission
The Federal Communications Commission is an independent agency of the United States government, created, Congressional statute , and with the majority of its commissioners appointed by the current President. The FCC works towards six goals in the areas of broadband, competition, the spectrum, the...

. The operation of the state radio and TV broadcast network was spun off into a company named Teracom
Teracom is a terrestrial broadcast transmission service company owned by the Swedish Government. Teracom owns all Swedish broadcast transmission sites, and distributes all terrestrial radio and TV channels, private as well as public-service, analogue as well as digital.Teracom Components is a...

. On 1 July 1993 the remaining telephone and mobile network operator was transformed into a government-owned shareholding company, named Telia AB. At the height of the dot-com bubble
Dot-com bubble
The dot-com bubble was a speculative bubble covering roughly 1995–2000 during which stock markets in industrialized nations saw their equity value rise rapidly from growth in the more...

, on 13 June 2000, close to one third of Telia's shares were introduced on the Stockholm Stock Exchange
Stockholm Stock Exchange
The Stockholm Stock Exchange is a stock exchange located in Stockholm, Sweden. Founded in 1863 it is the primary securities exchange of the Nordic Countries....

, bringing solid cash to the Swedish state.

In the 1980s, Televerket was a pioneering mobile network operator with the NMT
Nordic Mobile Telephone
NMT is the first fully automatic cellular phone system...

 system, followed in the 1990s by GSM. Private competition in analogue mobile phone systems had already broken the telephone monopoly, and the growing internet
The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet protocol suite to serve billions of users worldwide...

 allowed more opportunities for competitors. The most important of Telia's Swedish competitors in these areas has been Tele2
Tele2 AB is a major European telecommunications operator, with about 34 million customers in 11 countries. It serves as a fixed-line telephone operator, cable television provider, mobile phone operator and Internet service provider.- Overview :...

. When PTS awarded four licenses for the 3rd generation
3G or 3rd generation mobile telecommunications is a generation of standards for mobile phones and mobile telecommunication services fulfilling the International Mobile Telecommunications-2000 specifications by the International Telecommunication Union...

 mobile networks in December 2000, Telia was not among the winners, but later established an agreement to build a 3G network jointly with Tele2 using Tele2's licence. SUNAB
SUNAB, Svenska UMTS-nät AB, is a company jointly owned by Tele2 Sverige AB and TeliaSonera AB for the purpose of building, owning and operating a 3G network for the parent companies. SUNAB was formed in 2002....

 was founded as the jointly owned company that would in turn build, own and operate the join 3G network.

During the 2006 Riksdag elections the new Alliance for Sweden
Alliance for Sweden
The Alliance , formerly Alliance for Sweden , is a political alliance in Sweden. It consists of the four centre-right parties in the Riksdag...

 (which subsequently won the election, to form a coalition government
Coalition government
A coalition government is a cabinet of a parliamentary government in which several political parties cooperate. The usual reason given for this arrangement is that no party on its own can achieve a majority in the parliament...

) stated a policy aim to sell its stake in TeliaSonera.
On 16 March 2011 the right-center minority administration lost an important voting against the opposition consisting of Vänsterpartiet, Socialdemokraterna, Miljöpartiet and Sverigedemokraterna which stopped the selling of government-owned business, among those TeliaSonera.

In the beginning of 2008, TeliaSonera announced measures to save nearly 500 million Euros which would include 2900 redundancies: 2000 from Sweden and 900 from Finland.

TeliaSonera International Carrier (AS1299) is a tier 1 carrier.


TeliaSonera is now the largest Nordic
Nordic countries
The Nordic countries make up a region in Northern Europe and the North Atlantic which consists of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden and their associated territories, the Faroe Islands, Greenland and Åland...

 and Baltic
Baltic countries
The term Baltic states refers to the Baltic territories which gained independence from the Russian Empire in the wake of World War I: primarily the contiguous trio of Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania ; Finland also fell within the scope of the term after initially gaining independence in the 1920s.The...

 fixed-voice, broadband
The term broadband refers to a telecommunications signal or device of greater bandwidth, in some sense, than another standard or usual signal or device . Different criteria for "broad" have been applied in different contexts and at different times...

, and mobile operator by revenue and customer base. It operates Europe's largest and fastest-growing wholesale IP backbone
Internet backbone
The Internet backbone refers to the principal data routes between large, strategically interconnected networks and core routers in the Internet...

 (AS1299) and is the 10th-largest global mobile group by consolidated customers (including ownership stakes in Turkcell
Turkcell is the leading mobile phone operator of Turkey, based in Istanbul. The company has 34.1 million subscribers as of June 30th, 2011.- Company background :...

, Yoigo, Megafon
MegaFon ,previously known as North-West GSM, is the second largest mobile phone operator in Russia. It works in the GSM and UMTS standard. Its main competitors are Bee Line GSM and Mobile TeleSystems ....

, Netcom
Netcom may refer to:*U.S. Army Network Enterprise Technology Command /9th Signal Command *China Netcom, telecom company in mainland China*NetCom , Norwegian mobile phone operator...

, and others).


In Denmark TeliaSonera operates a mobile operator (Telia), a mobile MVNO (Call Me) and a broadband supplier (Telia). The company started in 1995 and was a merger between Telia Stofa and TeliaSonera.
Telia Mobile is the third-largest operator and is in fierce competition with Telenor, which is number two in the market. Telia was the fourth operator to launch 3G services and is the only operator to have a nationwide EDGE network.
Telia Broadband was relaunched in 2008 because of the need for TeliaSonera to have both mobile and broadband in all of their home markets (Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland). Telia Broadband was the first operator to launch free digital TV with their broadband. Stofa is mainly a cable TV operator, but also supplies broadband via the cable TV network.

Telia and Deutsche Telekom are fighting over the right to use magenta in their marketing.


TeliaSonera has declared that it will dismantle a part of its countryside land-line networks in sparsely-populated areas. However, Finland’s minister of communications, Suvi Lindén, has demanded that TeliaSonera first commit to a list of conditions pertaining to, among others, emergency calls and broadband speed, and TeliaSonera has agreed to act accordingly.


TeliaSonera owns 100% of Eesti Telekom
Eesti Telekom
AS Eesti Telekom is one of the largest telecommunication companies in the Baltics, member of TeliaSonera group. AS Eesti Telekom is a holding company registered and operating in the Republic of Estonia, whose subsidiaries provide telecommunications services.AS Eesti Telekom is not directly...

. Eesti Telekom is one of the largest telecommunication companies in the Baltic countries and the largest telecommunications company in Estonia. TeliaSonera and the Estonian government reached a deal over the sale of Eesti Telekom in September 2009.


Since 2007 TeliaSonera has owned 58.55% of the Geocell
Geocell is the largest mobile communication provider in Georgia. It was created in 1996 and became fully operational on 900 MHz on March, 1997. Geocell was founded with shared Georgian and Turkish investment...

 company, while Turkcell
Turkcell is the leading mobile phone operator of Turkey, based in Istanbul. The company has 34.1 million subscribers as of June 30th, 2011.- Company background :...

 owns the remaining 41.45%.


TeliaSonera owns 100% of Omnitel
Omnitel is one of the largest telecommunication companies in the Baltics, member of TeliaSonera group. It provides services of carrying and packaging of voice, images, data, information, transactions and entertainment....

, one of the largest telecommunication companies in the Baltic countries, and 63% of Teo LT
Teo LT
Teo LT is a telecommunications company in Lithuania, owned in part by the TeliaSonera group. Teo LT is the largest landline phone operator in Lithuania...

, the largest landline phone operator in Lithuania.


TeliaSonera owns 49% of LMT
Latvian Mobile Telephone
Latvian Mobile Telephone is a mobile GSM/UMTS operator in Latvia.- History :LMT has operated on the mobile market since 1992 and is the first mobile network operator in the country. The service was established as an operator of the NMT system. Within a couple of years of starting, the company has...

 (24.5% as TeliaSonera AB and 24.5% as Sonera Holding B.V.). TeliaSonera also owns 49% of Lattelecom
Lattelecom is a Latvian internet service provider and telecommunications company.The Lattelecom group provides IT, telecommunication and outsourced business process solutions that are provided by all of the companies of the group...

, which owns 23% of LMT.


TeliaSonera owns a 74% see-through stake of the Moldovan mobile operator Moldcell
Moldcell is a mobile network operator in Moldova. It works in GSM and UMTS standards.- General information :Communication standard: Moldcell has a license to work in GSM standard on frequencies from 900 to 1800 MHz as well as in UMTS standard on frequency of 2100 MHz.Moldcell started its...

 through Fintur Holdings.


In Norway
Norway , officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic unitary constitutional monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula, Jan Mayen, and the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard and Bouvet Island. Norway has a total area of and a population of about 4.9 million...

 Telia first entered after the deregulation in 1998 as a virtual supplier of fixed telephone and Internet services. This was sold to Enitel during the merger attempt with Telenor, but Telia re-entered in 2000 with the purchase of one of the two mobile network operators, NetCom
NetCom (Norway)
NetCom is a Norwegian mobile phone operator. Founded in 1993, it is the second largest mobile phone operator in Norway. The company has about 1.2 million subscribers, and the company headquarters are located in Nydalen in Oslo. It is owned by the Swedish and Finnish company TeliaSonera...

. In 2006 it also bought the virtual mobile provider Chess Communication
Chess Communication
Chess Communication was a Norwegian mobile virtual network operator. Owned by TeliaSonera it used its sister company NetCom's network. The company had about 500,000 customers.-History:...

 and the Internet service provider NextGenTel
NextGenTel is a Norwegian telecommunications company located in Bergen , Trondheim, Oslo, Stavanger, and Kristiansand. They offer ADSL, SHDSL, ADSL2+, VDSL2, IP TV, IP Telephony, and are WiMax solutions...



In Sweden, TeliaSonera operates under the consumer brands Telia and Halebop

. On the business side, Skanova Access and Cygate are also used.


TeliaSonera owns 80 percent of the shares and votes in Spice Nepal
Spice Nepal
Ncell Private Ltd. stands as a privately owned GSM mobile operator in Nepal and is the first company to operate private GSM services in telecommunications sector of Nepal with the brand name “MERO MOBILE” which was rebranded as Ncell in 12 March 2010...

, the second largest mobile operator in Nepal. Spice Nepal launched its operations in September 2005 and is the second largest mobile operator in Nepal, with around 1.8 million subscriptions and an estimated market share of approximately 41 percent, as of August 2008. Spice Nepal’s net sales in 2007 and for the first six months of 2008 were 27,4 million Euro and 22,7 million Euro, respectively, and EBITDA, excluding non-recurring items, was 12,6 million euro and 12,1 million Euro, respectively. Mobile penetration in Nepal, whose population is 28.4 million, is approximately 13 percent. Also in mid March 2010 Mero Mobile was merged with Telia Sonera and rebranded as Ncell.


From May 15, 2010 after Azercell
The Azercell is a mobile telecommunications company, located in Baku, Azerbaijan.-Company background:“Azercell Telecom” LLC was established on January 19, 1996. Founders were Turkcell İletişim Hizmetleri A. S...

 made rebranding, it entered into a network of TeliaSonera.


TeliaSonera is a 12.25% stakeholder of the Afghanistan Roshan (telco)
Roshan (telco)
Roshan is Afghanistan's leading telecommunications provider, serving approximately 3.5 million active subscribers.In January 2003, Roshan was awarded the second GSM license in Afghanistan at a time when there was virtually no telecommunications infrastructure in place; national calls were...

 cellphone network.

Acquisition target

France Telecom
France Télécom
France Telecom S.A. is the main telecommunications company in France, the third-largest in Europe and one of the largest in the world. It currently employs about 180,000 people and has 192.7 million customers worldwide . In 2010 the group had revenue of €45.5 billion...

 proposed a 33 billion
1000000000 (number)
1,000,000,000 is the natural number following 999,999,999 and preceding 1,000,000,001.In scientific notation, it is written as 109....

The euro is the official currency of the eurozone: 17 of the 27 member states of the European Union. It is also the currency used by the Institutions of the European Union. The eurozone consists of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg,...

 acquisition offer for TeliaSonera on 5 June 2008, which was promptly rejected by the company's board.

Evolution of the TeliaSonera Branding

When Telia and Sonera merged in 2002, TeliaSonera used a simple wordmark as the logo. In 2011, TeliaSonera released its new purple pebble logo to the corporation and its affiliate brands. The pebble is designed by Landor.

See also

  • List of Finnish companies
  • List of Swedish companies
  • Skanova
    Skanova is a Swedish brand of TeliaSonera, previously operating as a subsidiary, Skanova AB. It sells wholesale network capacity to telephony and broadband operators and service providers, who compete with TeliaSonera's own Swedish consumer brand Telia....

  • Yoigo TeliaSonera owned 3G operator in Spain
    Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...

  • TeliaSonera International Carrier
    TeliaSonera International Carrier
    TeliaSonera International Carrier is a global provider of cross-border and domestic communication services. It is wholly owned by the TeliaSonera Group, the largest telecommunications group in the Nordic and Baltic regions...

External links

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