List of Sunni Muslim dynasties
The following is a list of Sunni
Sunni Islam
Sunni Islam is the largest branch of Islam. Sunni Muslims are referred to in Arabic as ʾAhl ūs-Sunnah wa āl-Ǧamāʿah or ʾAhl ūs-Sunnah for short; in English, they are known as Sunni Muslims, Sunnis or Sunnites....

 Muslim dynasties

North Africa

  • Kingdom of Nekor
    Kingdom of Nekor
    The Kingdom of Nekor was an emirate in the Rif area of modern day Morocco, with its capital initially at Temsaman but later at Nekor. It was founded by an immigrant of Yemen, Salih I ibn Mansur al-Himyarī in 710 AD, by Caliphal grant...

  • Muhallabids
    The Muhallabids were a dynasty of governors in Ifriqiya under the Abbasid Caliphate Although subject to the Abbasids, they enjoyed a great deal of autonomy and were able to maintain Arab rule in the face of revolts by the Berbers...

  • Aghlabids (800-909)
  • Tulunids
    The Tulunids were the first independent dynasty in Islamic Egypt , when they broke away from the central authority of the Abbasid dynasty that ruled the Islamic Caliphate during that time...

  • Ikhshidid dynasty
    Ikhshidid dynasty
    The Ikhshidid dynasty of Egypt ruled from 935 to 969. The dynasty carried the Arabic title "Wali" reflecting their position as governors on behalf of the Abbasids, the first governor was Muhammad bin Tughj Al-Ikhshid, a Turkic slave soldier, who was installed by the Abbasid Caliph and gave him and...

  • Zirid dynasty (973–1152)Since 1016
  • Hammadid
    The Hammadids were a Berber dynasty who ruled an area roughly corresponding to north-eastern modern Algeria for about a century and a half , until they were destroyed by the Almohads...

  • Almoravid dynasty (1040–1147)
  • Almohad dynasty (1130–1269)
  • Gabare(Jahangiri) Dynasty  (1190-1520)
  • Ayyubid dynasty
    Ayyubid dynasty
    The Ayyubid dynasty was a Muslim dynasty of Kurdish origin, founded by Saladin and centered in Egypt. The dynasty ruled much of the Middle East during the 12th and 13th centuries CE. The Ayyubid family, under the brothers Ayyub and Shirkuh, originally served as soldiers for the Zengids until they...

  • Hafsid dynasty
    Hafsid dynasty
    The Hafsids were a Berber dynasty ruling Ifriqiya from 1229 to 1574. Their territories were stretched from east of modern Algeria to west of modern Libya during their zenith.-History:...

  • Nasrid dynasty
    Nasrid dynasty
    The Nasrid dynasty was the last Moorish and Muslim dynasty in Spain. The Nasrid dynasty rose to power after the defeat of the Almohad Caliphate in 1212 at the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa...

  • Ziyyanid dynasty (1235–1556)
  • Marinid dynasty (1244–1465)
  • Bahri dynasty
    Bahri dynasty
    The Bahri dynasty or Bahriyya Mamluks was a Mamluk dynasty of mostly Kipchak Turkic origin that ruled Egypt from 1250 to 1382 when they were succeeded by the Burji dynasty, another group of Mamluks...

  • Burji dynasty
    Burji dynasty
    The Burji dynasty المماليك البرجية ruled Egypt from 1382 until 1517. It proved especially turbulent, with short-lived sultans. Political power-plays often became important in designating a new sultan. During this time Mamluks fought Timur Lenk and conquered Cyprus. Constant bickering may have...

  • Wattasid dynasty (1472–1554)
  • Saadi Dynasty
    Saadi Dynasty
    The Saadi dynasty of Morocco , began with the reign of Sultan Mohammed ash-Sheikh in 1554, when he vanquished the last Wattasids at the Battle of Tadla....

  • Alaouite Dynasty
    Alaouite Dynasty
    The Alaouite Dynasty is the name of the current Moroccan royal family. The name Alaouite comes from the ‘Alī of its founder Moulay Ali Cherif who became Prince of Tafilalt in 1631. His son Mulay r-Rshid was able to unite and pacify the country...

  • Husainid Dynasty
    Husainid Dynasty
    The Husainid Dynasty is the former ruling dynasty of Tunisia originally of Cretan origin. They came to power under Al-Husayn I ibn Ali at-Turki in 1705 replacing the Muradid Dynasty. After taking power the Husainids ruled as Beys with succession to the throne determined by age with the oldest...

  • Karamanli dynasty
    Karamanli dynasty
    The Karamanli or Caramanli or Qaramanli or al-Qaramanli dynasty was a series of Pashas, of Turkish origin who ruled from 1711 to 1835 in Tripolitania . At their peak, the Karamanlis' influence reached Cyrenaica and Fezzan covering most of Libya. The founder of the dynasty was Pasha Ahmed Karamanli...

  • Muhammad Ali Dynasty
    Muhammad Ali Dynasty
    The Muhammad Ali Dynasty was the ruling dynasty of Egypt and Sudan, from the 19th to the mid-20th Century. It is named after its progenitor, Muhammad Ali Pasha, regarded as the founder of modern Egypt. It was also more formally known as the Alawiyya Dynasty...


Horn of Africa

  • Himyar Sultanate (2nd century)
  • Mohammed Hanafiah Sultanate (11th century)
  • Sayyid Yusuf el Bagadadi Sultanate (12th century)
  • Warsangali Sultanate (1298–present)
  • Ifat Sultanate (13th century)
  • Adal Sultanate
    Adal Sultanate
    The Adal Sultanate or the Kingdom of Adal was a medieval multi-ethnic Muslim state located in the Horn of Africa.-Overview:...

  • Walashma Dynasty
    Walashma dynasty
    The Walashma dynasty was a Muslim noble family based in the Horn of Africa. It ruled the Ifat Sultanate, in parts of what are now eastern Ethiopia, Djibouti and western Somalia.-History:...

     (14th–16th centuries)
  • Ajuuraan State
    Ajuuraan State
    The Ajuuraan state or Ajuuraan sultanate was a Somali Muslim empire that ruled over large parts of East Africa in the Middle Ages. Through a strong centralized administration and an aggressive military stance towards invaders, the Ajuuraan Empire successfully resisted an Oromo invasion from the...

     (14th–17th centuries)
  • Aussa Sultanate (16th century–present)
  • Emirs of Harar (1647–1887)
  • Gobroon Dynasty
    Gobroon Dynasty
    The Gobroon dynasty or Geledi sultanate was a Somali royal house that ruled parts of East Africa during the 18th and 19th centuries. It was established by the Ajuuraan soldier Ibrahim Adeer, who had defeated various vassals of the Ajuuraan Empire and established the House of Gobroon...

     (18th–19th centuries)
  • Majeerteen Sultanate
    Majeerteen Sultanate
    The Majeerteen Sultanate , also known as Migiurtinia, was a Somali ruling house in present-day northern Somalia. Ruled by King Osman Mahamuud during its Golden Age, it controlled much of northern and central Somalia in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The polity had all of the organs of an...

     (mid-18th century–early 20th century)
  • Kingdom of Gomma
    Kingdom of Gomma
    The Kingdom of Gomma was one of the kingdoms in the Gibe region of Ethiopia that emerged in the 18th century. It shared its northern border with Limmu-Ennarea, its western border with Gumma, its southern border with Gera, and its eastern border with Jimma...

     (early 19th century–1886)
  • Kingdom of Jimma
    Kingdom of Jimma
    The Kingdom of Jimma was one of the kingdoms in the Gibe region of Ethiopia that emerged in the 19th century. It shared its western border with Limmu-Ennarea, its eastern border with the Sidamo kingdom of Janjero, and was separated from the Kingdom of Kaffa to the south by the Gojeb River. Jimma...

  • Kingdom of Gumma
    Kingdom of Gumma
    The Kingdom of Gumma was one of the kingdoms in the Gibe region of Ethiopia that emerged in the 18th century. Its eastern border was formed by the bend of the Didessa River, which separated it from Limmu-Ennarea to the northeast, and Gomma and Gera to the south. Beyond its northern border were...

  • Sultanate of Hobyo
    Sultanate of Hobyo
    The Sultanate of Hobyo was a 19th century Somali ruling house in present-day northern Somalia. It was carved out of the former Majeerteen Sultanate by Yusuf Ali Kenadid, cousin of the Majeerteen Sultanate's ruler, Boqor Osman Mahamuud....

     (19th century–1925)

East Africa

  • Pate Sultanate (1203-1870)
  • Sennar (sultanate) (1523–1821)
  • Sultans on the Comoros
  • Mudaito dynasty
    Mudaito dynasty
    -History:The Aussa Sultanate or Afar Sultanate succeeded the earlier Imamate of Aussa. The latter polity had come into existence in 1577, when Muhammed Jasa moved his capital from Harar to Aussa with the split of the Adal Sultanate into Aussa and the Harari city-state...

  • Wituland
    Wituland was an approximately territory in East Africa centered on the town of Witu just inland from Indian Ocean port of Lamu north of the mouth of the Tana River in what is now Kenya.-History:Founded in 1858 by the former ruler of the insular Pate sultanate after several abortive moves to the...


Central & West Africa

  • Za Dynasty in Gao (11th century-1275)
  • Sayfawa dynasty
    Sayfawa dynasty
    Sayfawa dynasty or more properly Sefuwa dynasty is the name of the kings of the Kanem-Bornu Empire, centered first in Kanem in western Chad, and then, after 1380, in Borno ....

  • Mali Empire
    Mali Empire
    The Mali Empire or Mandingo Empire or Manden Kurufa was a West African empire of the Mandinka from c. 1230 to c. 1600. The empire was founded by Sundiata Keita and became renowned for the wealth of its rulers, especially Mansa Musa I...

  • Keita Dynasty
    Keita Dynasty
    The Keita Dynasty ruled pre-Imperial and Imperial Mali from the 12th century into the early 17th century. It was a Muslim Dynasty, and its rulers claimed descent from Bilal. Bilal was a freed slave who accepted Islam and became one of the Sahabas of the Prophet Muhammad. Bilal bears the...

  • Songhai Empire
    Songhai Empire
    The Songhai Empire, also known as the Songhay Empire, was a state located in western Africa. From the early 15th to the late 16th century, Songhai was one of the largest Islamic empires in history. This empire bore the same name as its leading ethnic group, the Songhai. Its capital was the city...

  • Bornu Empire
    Bornu Empire
    The Bornu Empire was an African state of Nigeria from 1396 to 1893. It was a continuation of the great Kanem Empire founded centuries earlier by the Sayfawa Dynasty...

  • Kingdom of Baguirmi
    Kingdom of Baguirmi
    The Kingdom of Baguirmi, also known as the Baguirmi Sultanate , was an Islamic kingdom or sultanate that existed as an independent state during the 16th and 17th centuries southeast of Lake Chad in what is now the country of Chad. Baguirmi emerged to the southeast of the Kanem-Bornu Empire. The...

  • Dendi Kingdom
    Dendi Kingdom
    The Dendi Kingdom was a pre-colonial West African state in modern-day Niger founded by the Songhai people after the collapse of their empire Songhai.-The Rise & Fall of Gao:...

  • Sultanate of Damagaram
    Sultanate of Damagaram
    The Sultanate of Damagaram was a powerful pre-colonial state in what is now southeastern Niger, centered on the city of Zinder.- Rise :The Sultanate of Damagaram was founded in 1731 by Muslim Kanouri aristocrats, led by Mallam...

  • Kingdom of Fouta Tooro
    Kingdom of Fouta Tooro
    The Kingdom of Fouta Tooro or the Kingdom of Fuua Tooro was a pre-colonial West African state of the Fula-speaking people centered around the middle valley of the Senegal River...

  • Sokoto Caliphate (1804–1903)
  • Toucouleur Empire
    Toucouleur Empire
    The Toucouleur Empire was founded in the nineteenth century by El Hadj Umar Tall of the Toucouleur people, in part of present-day Mali....


Eastern Europe & Russia

  • Volga Bulgaria
    Volga Bulgaria
    Volga Bulgaria, or Volga–Kama Bolghar, is a historic Bulgar state that existed between the seventh and thirteenth centuries around the confluence of the Volga and Kama rivers in what is now Russia.-Origin:...

     (7th century–1240s)
  • Emirate of Crete
    Emirate of Crete
    The Emirate of Crete was a Muslim state that existed on the Mediterranean island of Crete from the late 820s to the Byzantine reconquest of the island in 961....

  • Avar Khanate
    Avar Khanate
    The Avar Khanate was a long-lived Muslim state which controlled Western Dagestan from the early 13th century to the 19th century.Following the downfall of the Christian kingdom of Sarir in the early 12th century, the Caucasian Avars underwent a process of Islamization. Military tensions escalated...

     (early 13th-19th century)
  • Khanate of Kazan
    Khanate of Kazan
    The Khanate of Kazan was a medieval Tatar state which occupied the territory of former Volga Bulgaria between 1438 and 1552. Its khans were the patrilineal descendants of Toqa Temür, the thirteenth son of Jochi and grandson of Genghis Khan. The khanate covered contemporary Tatarstan, Mari El,...

  • Crimean Khanate
    Crimean Khanate
    Crimean Khanate, or Khanate of Crimea , was a state ruled by Crimean Tatars from 1441 to 1783. Its native name was . Its khans were the patrilineal descendants of Toqa Temür, the thirteenth son of Jochi and grandson of Genghis Khan...

  • Nogai Horde
    Nogai Horde
    The Nogai Horde was a confederation of about eighteen Turkic and Mongol tribes that occupied the Pontic-Caspian steppe from about 1500 until they were pushed west by the Kalmyks and south by the Russians in the 17th century. The Mongol tribe called the Manghits constituted a core of the Horde...

  • Qasim Khanate
    Qasim Khanate
    Qasim Khanate or Kingdom of Qasim was a Tatar territorial formation , vassal of Russia, which existed from 1452 till 1681 in the territory of modern Ryazan Oblast in Russia with its capital Kasimov, in the middle stream of the Oka River...

  • Astrakhan Khanate
    Astrakhan Khanate
    The Khanate of Astrakhan was a Tatar feudal state that appeared after the collapse of the Golden Horde. The Khanate existed in the 15th and 16th centuries in the area adjacent to the mouth of the Volga river, where the contemporary city of Astrakhan/Hajji Tarkhan is now located...

  • Khanate of Sibir (1490–1598)
  • Pashalik of Scutari (1757–1831)
  • House of Zogu
    House of Zogu
    The House of Zogu is a European dynasty founded by Zogu Pasha who migrated to Mati, Albania in the late 15th century and was then appointed Governor of Mati by the Ottoman Sultan, with the position of Governor then becoming hereditary among the Zogu clan...


Spain and Portugal

  • Caliphate of Córdoba
    Caliphate of Córdoba
    The Caliphate of Córdoba ruled the Iberian peninsula and part of North Africa, from the city of Córdoba, from 929 to 1031. This period was characterized by remarkable success in trade and culture; many of the masterpieces of Islamic Iberia were constructed in this period, including the famous...

     (756-1017, 1023–1031)
  • Taifa of Alpuente
    Taifa of Alpuente
    The Taifa of Alpuente was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed from around 1009 to 1106.-Qasimid dynasty:*'Abd Allah I: c. 1009-1030*Muhammad I Yumn ad-Dawla: 1030-1042*Ahmad: 1042-1043*Muhammad II: 1043*'Abd Allah II: 1043-c. 1106-Sources:...

  • Taifa of Badajoz
    Taifa of Badajoz
    The Taifa of Badajoz was a medieval Muslim kingdom in what is now parts of Portugal and Spain and centred on the city of Badajoz which exists today as the first city of Extremadura, in Spain....

  • Taifa of Morón
    Taifa of Morón
    -Dammarid dynasty:*Abu Tuziri al-Dammari: ? -1013/4*Nuh: 1013/4-1041/2*Muhammad: 1041/2-1057*Manad: 1057-1066-Sources:*

  • Taifa of Toledo
    Taifa of Toledo
    The taifa of Toledo was a Muslim medieval kingdom located in what is now central Spain. It existed from the fracturing of the long-eminent Muslim Caliphate of Córdoba in 1035 until the Christian conquest in 1085.-History:...

  • Taifa of Tortosa
    Taifa of Tortosa
    The Taifa of Tortosa was a medieval taifa kingdom which existed for two separate periods: from 1010 to 1060 and from 1081 to 1099.-Saqlabi dynasty:* Lab'ib : c. 1009-bfr. 1039/40* Muqatil Sayf al-Milla: bfr...

  • Taifa of Arcos
    Taifa of Arcos
    The Taifa of Arcos was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed in two periods; first from 1011 to 1068 when it was conquered by the Taifa of Seville, and secondly from 1143 to 1145 when it was finally conquered by the Almohads.-Jizrunid dynasty:...

  • Taifa of Almería
    Taifa of Almeria
    The Taifa of Almería was a Muslim medieval kingdom in what is now the province of Almería in Spain...

  • Taifa of Denia
    Taifa of Dénia
    The taifa of Dénia was a Muslim kingdom in medieval Spain, ruling over part of the Valencian coast and Ibiza. With Dénia as its capital, the taifa included the Balearic Islands and parts of the Spanish mainland.- History :...

  • Taifa of Valencia
    Taifa of Valencia
    The Taifa of Valencia was a medieval taifa kingdom which existed, in and around Valencia, Spain during four distinct periods: from 1010 to 1065, from 1075 to 1099, from 1145 to 1147 and last from 1229 to 1238 when it was finally conquered by Aragon....

  • Taifa of Murcia
    Taifa of Murcia
    The Taifa of Murcia was one of the Taifas of medieval Al-Andalus, in what is now southern Spain. It became independent as a taifa centered on the Moorish city of Murcia after the fall of the Omayyad Caliphate of Córdoba...

  • Taifa of Albarracín
    Taifa of Albarracín
    The Taifa of Albarracín was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed from 1012 to 1104.-List of Emirs:*Hudayl Djalaf 'Izz ad-Dawla: 1012-1045*Abu Marwan 'Abd al-Malik: 1045-1103*Yahya Husam ad-Dawla: 1103-1104-See also:* List of Sunni Muslim dynasties...

  • Taifa of Zaragoza
    Taifa of Zaragoza
    The taifa of Zaragoza was an independent Muslim state in Moorish Al-Andalus, present day eastern Spain, which was established in 1018 as one of the taifa kingdoms, which emerged in the 11th century following the destruction of the Caliphate of Córdoba in the Moorish Iberian Peninsula.During the...

  • Taifa of Granada
    Taifa of Granada
    The Taifa of Granada was a Moorish kingdom in Al-Andalus, within the present day Granada Province in southern Spain...

  • Taifa of Carmona
    Taifa of Carmona
    The Taifa of Carmona was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed for two distinct periods; first from 1013 to 1066 when it was conquered by the Taifa of Seville, and secondly from around 1143 to 1150 when it was finally conquered by the Almohads...

  • Taifa of Santa María de Algarve
    Taifa of Santa María de Algarve
    The Taifa of Santa Maria do Algarve was a medieval taifa kingdom, in what is now southern Portugal, that existed from 1018 to 1051.-Harunid dynasty:*Sa'id: c. 1018-1041/2*Muhammad al-Mu'tasim: 1041/2-1051**To Seville: 1051-1091-Sources:...

  • Taifa of Mallorca (1018–1203)
  • Taifa of Lisbon
    Taifa of Lisbon
    The Taifa of Lisbon was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed in what is now Portugal from around 1022 to 1093.-Banu Sabur dynasty:*Abd al-Aziz bin Sabur: 1022– ?*Abd al-Malik bin Sabur: ? –c. 1065 ?**Seized briefly by León: 1093–5...

  • Taifa of Seville
    Taifa of Seville
    The Taifa of Seville was a short lived medieval kingdom, in what is now southern Spain and Portugal. It originated in 1023 and lasted until 1091, and was under the rule of the Arab Abbadid family.-History:...

  • Taifa of Niebla
    Taifa of Niebla
    The Taifa of Niebla was a taifa kingdom that existed for three distinct times: from 1023 to 1053, from 1145 to 1150 and from 1234 to 1262 when it was finally conquered by Castile.-Yahsubid dynasty:*Abu'l-Abbas Ahmad: 1023/4-1041/2...

  • Taifa of Córdoba (1031–1091)
  • Taifa of Mértola
    Taifa of Mértola
    The Taifa of Mértola was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed in what is now southeastern Portugal for three distinct periods: from 1033 to 1044, from 1144 to 1145 and from 1146 to 1151 when it was finally conquered by the Almohads.-Tayfurid dynasty:...

  • Taifa of Algeciras
    Taifa of Algeciras
    The Taifa of Algeciras was a medieval taifa kingdom in what is now southern Spain, that existed from 1035 to 1058.-History:The taifa was created in 1013, in the wake of the disintegration of the caliphate of Córdoba begun after 1009...

  • Taifa of Ronda
    Taifa of Ronda
    The Taifa of Ronda was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed in Moorish al-Andalus from 1039 to 1065, when it was conquered by the taifa of Seville...

  • Taifa of Silves
    Taifa of Silves
    The Taifa of Silves was a Muslim taifa kingdom that existed in what is now southern Portugal for two distinct periods: from 1040 to 1063, and again from 1144 to 1151 when it was finally conquered by the Almohads....

  • Taifa of Málaga
    Taifa of Málaga
    The Taifa of Málaga was a Muslim taifa kingdom in what is now southern Spain, which existed for four distinct time-periods: from 1026 to 1057, from 1073 to 1090, from 1145 to 1153 and from 1229 to 1239 when it was finally conquered by Granada.-First taifa:...

  • Taifa of Molina
    Taifa of Molina
    The Taifa of Molina was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed from around the 1080s to 1100.-Sources:*

  • Taifa of Lorca
    Taifa of Lorca
    The Taifa of Lorca was a Muslim medieval taifa kingdom in what is now southern Spain.The taifa was first created in 1042, when Lorca declared its independence from the emirate of Valencia. Its first governor was Ma'n Ibn Sumadih, its power exending from the city to Jaén and Baza.The taifa was...

  • Taifa of Menorca
    Taifa of Menorca
    The Taifa of Menorca was a medieval taifa kingdom, which existed from 1228 until 1287, when the Kingdom of Aragon conquered it.-Sources:*

  • Emirate of Granada
    Emirate of Granada
    The Emirate of Granada , also known as the Nasrid Kingdom of Granada , was an emirate established in 1238 following the defeat of Muhammad an-Nasir of the Almohad dynasty by an alliance of Christian kingdoms at the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in 1212...


Arabian Peninsula

  • Rashidun Caliphate
    Rashidun Caliphate
    The Rashidun Caliphate , comprising the first four caliphs in Islam's history, was founded after Muhammad's death in 632, Year 10 A.H.. At its height, the Caliphate extended from the Arabian Peninsula, to the Levant, Caucasus and North Africa in the west, to the Iranian highlands and Central Asia...

  • Ziyadid dynasty
    Ziyadid dynasty
    The Ziyadid dynasty was a Muslim dynasty that ruled western Yemen from 819 until 1018 from the capital city of Zabid. The dynasty was formed by the Abbasid Caliph, al-Ma'mun, to manage 'Alid Shi'a influence...

  • Sharif of Mecca
    Sharif of Mecca
    The Sharif of Mecca or Hejaz was the title of the former governors of Hejaz and a traditional steward of the holy cities of Mecca and Medina...

     (967-1925) Since 1631
  • Rasulid
    The Rasulid was a Muslim dynasty that ruled Yemen and Hadhramaut from 1229 to 1454. The Rasulids assumed power after the Egyptian Ayyubid left the southern provinces of the Arabian Peninsula....

  • Kathiri
    Kathiri was a sultanate in the Hadhramaut region of the southern Arabian Peninsula, in what is now officially considered part of Yemen and the Dhofar region of Oman....

  • Jabrids
    The Jabrids were a bedouin dynasty that dominated eastern Arabia in the 15th and 16th centuries. They were descendants of the tribe of Uqayl, a branch of Bani 'Amir.Their most prominent ruler was Ajwad ibn Zamil, who died in 1507...

     (15th-16th century)
  • Tahiride
    The Tahiride was an Arab Muslim dynasty that ruled Yemen and the Hadramawt from 1454 to 1526.The Tahiride Rulers, who took power at the end of a period of anarchy that followed the collapse of the Rasulid dynasty in the mid-15th century, tried to imitate Bani Rasool...

  • Qawasim Dynasty (Ras al Khaymah) (1727–present)
  • House of Saud
    House of Saud
    The House of Saud , also called the Al Saud, is the ruling royal family of Saudi Arabia and one of the wealthiest and most powerful dynasties in the world. The family holds thousands of members...

  • House of Al-Sabah (1752–present)
  • Al Nahyan family
    Al Nahyan family
    Al Nahayan is one of the six ruling families of the United Arab Emirates, and are based in the capital Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. Al Nahyan is a branch of the House of Al-Falahi , a branch of the Bani Yas tribe, and are related to the House of Al-Falasi, from which the ruling family of...

  • Ajman
    Ajman , also spelt Ujman, is one of the seven emirates constituting the United Arab Emirates . With an area of just 260 square kilometres , Ajman is the smallest emirate by area...

     (18th Century-present)
  • Qawasim Dynasty (Sharjah) (18th century-present)
  • Umm al-Quwain
    Umm al-Quwain
    Umm al-Quwain is one of the emirates in the United Arab Emirates, located in the north of the country. The emirate was ruled until his death by Rashid bin Ahmad Al Mu'alla, who was a member of the UAE's Supreme Council since 1981. The emirate had 62,000 inhabitants in 2003 and has an area of 750...

  • Al Khalifa family (1783–present)
  • House of Thani (1825–present)
  • Al Maktoum
    Al Maktoum
    Al Maktoum is the family name of the ruling dynasty of the emirate of Dubai, United Arab Emirates. The Al Maktoum family is a branch of the Bani Yas tribe , a powerful bedouin clan from the interior...

  • Al Rashid (1836–1921)
  • Upper Yafa
    Upper Yafa
    Upper Yafa, Upper Yafa'i , or the Sultanate of Upper Yafa , was a state in the British Aden Protectorate and the Protectorate of South Arabia. It was ruled by the Harharah dynasty and its capital was Mahjaba...

     (19th century-1967)
  • Sharqi Dynasty (1876–present)
  • Qu'aiti
    Qu'aiti , officially the Qu'aiti State in Hadhramaut Qu'aiti , officially the Qu'aiti State in Hadhramaut Qu'aiti , officially the Qu'aiti State in Hadhramaut (Arabic: (الدولة القعيطية الحضرمية) or the Qu'aiti Sultanate of Shihr and Mukalla (Arabic:سلطنة الشحر والمكلاا ), was a sultanate in the...

  • Emirate of Beihan
    Emirate of Beihan
    Beihan or Bayhan , officially the Emirate of Beihan , was a state in the British Aden Protectorate and the Federation of South Arabia...

  • Mahra Sultanate
    Mahra Sultanate
    The Mahra Sultanate of Qishn and Socotra or sometimes the Mahra Sultanate of Ghayda and Socotra was a sultanate that included both the historical region of Mahra and the Indian Ocean island of Socotra in what is now eastern Yemen...


Syria & Iraq

  • Umayyad Caliphate (661–750)
  • Abbasid Caliphate (750–1258)
  • Artuqids (11th–12th century)
  • Burid dynasty
    Burid dynasty
    The Burid dynasty was a Turkish dynasty which ruled over Damascus in the early 12th century. The first Burid ruler, Toghtekin, began as a servant to the Seljuk ruler of Damascus, Duqaq. Following Duqaq's death in 1104, he seized the city for himself. The Burids gained recognition from the...

  • Zengid dynasty
    Zengid dynasty
    The Zengid dynasty was a Muslim dynasty of Turkic origin, which ruled parts of Syria and northern Iraq on behalf of the Seljuk Empire.-History:...

  • Baban
    Baban were a Kurdish principality and ruling family originating from Darishmana in the region of Pijder. The founder of the dynasty and its first ruler was Fakih Ahmed a descendent of the ancient house of Soran. He also had a brother named Khidder Ahmed who lived with him...

  • Hashemite Dynasty of Iraq (1921-1958)
  • Hashemite Dynasty of Jordan (1921-Present)


  • Danishmends
    The Danishmend dynasty was a Turcoman dynasty that ruled in north-central and eastern Anatolia in the 11th and 12th centuries. The centered originally around Sivas, Tokat, and Niksar in central-northeastern Anatolia, they extended as far west as Ankara and Kastamonu for a time, and as far south as...

  • Mengujekids (1071–1277)
  • Saltukids (1072–1202)
  • Sultanate of Rum
    Sultanate of Rûm
    The Sultanate of Rum , also known as the Anatolian Seljuk State , was a Turkic state centered in in Anatolia, with capitals first at İznik and then at Konya. Since the court of the sultanate was highly mobile, cities like Kayseri and Sivas also functioned at times as capitals...

  • Ahlatshahs
    Ahlahshahs were the 11th-12th century rulers of an Anatolian beylik of the first period founded after the Battle of Manzikert, and centered in Ahlat on the northwestern shore of the Lake Van in Eastern Anatolia...

  • Chobanids (1227–1309)
  • Karamanids (c.1250-1487)
  • Pervâneoğlu
    Pervâneoğlu was an Anatolian beylik centered in Sinop on the Black Sea coast and controlling the immediately surrounding region in the second half of the 13th century and the beginning of the 14th .The founder of the Beylik, The Pervâne Mu‘in al-Din Suleyman...

  • Menteşe (c.1261-1424)
  • Ahis (c.1380-1362)
  • Hamidids (c.1280-1374)
  • Ottoman Empire
    Ottoman Empire
    The Ottoman EmpireIt was usually referred to as the "Ottoman Empire", the "Turkish Empire", the "Ottoman Caliphate" or more commonly "Turkey" by its contemporaries...

  • Ladik (c.1300-1368)
  • Isfendiyarids (Jandarids, c.1300-1461)
  • Teke
    Beylik of Teke
    The Anatolian beylik of Teke with its capital at Antalya was one of the frontier principalities established by Oghuz Turkish clans after the decline of Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm. The dynasty started with a split of territories between two brothers of the dynasty ruling the neighboring Beylik of...

  • Sarukhanids (1302–1410)
  • Karasids (1303–1360)
  • Aydinids (1307–1425)
  • Eretnids (1328–1381)
  • Dulkadirids (1348-c.1525)
  • Ramadanids (1352–1516)


  • Shirvanshah
    Shirvanshah also spelled as Shīrwān Shāh or Sharwān Shāh, was the title in mediaeval Islamic times of an Arab in Ethnos but speedily Persianized dynasty within their culturally Persian environment. The Shirvanshah established a native state in Shirvan...

  • Dulafid dynasty
    Dulafid dynasty
    The Dulafid or Dolafid dynasty was an Arab dynasty that served as governors of Jibal for the Abbasid caliphs in the 9th century. During the weakening of the authority of the caliphs after 861, their rule in Jibal became increasingly independent of the central government in Samarra...

     (early 9th century-897)
  • Samanid dynasty (819–999)
  • Tahirid dynasty
    Tahirid dynasty
    The Tahirid Dynasty, was a Persian dynasty that governed from 820 to 872 over the northeastern part of Greater Iran, in the region of Khorasan . The dynasty was founded by Tahir ibn Husayn, a leading general in the service of the Abbasid caliph al-Ma'mun...

  • Saffarid dynasty
    Saffarid dynasty
    The Saffarids or the Saffarid dynasty was a Persian empire which ruled in Sistan , a historical region in southeastern Iran, southwestern Afghanistan and northwestern Pakistan...

  • Sajids
    The Sajid dynasty was an Islamic dynasty that ruled the Iranian region of Azerbaijan from 889-890 until 929. The Sajids originated from the Central Asian province of Ushrusana and were of Iranian...

  • Farighunid
    The Farighunids were an Iranian dynasty of Guzgan in the late 9th, 10th and early 11th centuries.-Political and Military History:...

     (late 9th-early 11th centuries)
  • Ma'danids
    The Ma'danid dynasty was an Islamic dynasty that ruled Makran from the late 9th or early 10th century until around the 11th century.-History:Makran had been one of the easternmost provinces of the Caliphate after its conquest by the Muslims in 644...

     (late 9th-11th centuries)
  • Ormus
    The Kingdom of Ormus was a 10th to 17th century kingdom located within the Persian Gulf and extending as far as the Strait of Hormuz...

     (10th-17th centuries)
  • Sallarid
    The Sallarid dynasty was an Islamic Iranian dynasty principally known for its rule of Iranian Azerbaijan and part of Armenia from 942 until 979...

  • Shaddadid
    The Shaddadids were a Kurdish dynasty who ruled in various parts of Armenia and Arran from 951-1174 AD. They were established in Dvin. Through their long tenure in Armenia, they often intermarried with the Bagratuni royal family of Armenia....

  • Rawadid
    Rawadid , , was a Kurdish principality ruling Azerbaijan from the 10th to the early 11th centuries, centered around Tabriz and Maragheh. The Rawadid tribe was one of the Arab tribes who became Kurdish by culture through assimilation...

  • Annazid
    The Annazid or Banu Annaz or Al-Anazis , were a Kurdish dynasty that ruled a territory on the present-day Iran-Iraq frontier that included Kermanshah, Ilam, Hulwan, Dinawar , Sharazour, Daquq, Daskara, Bandanijin, and No'maniya ...

  • Hadhabani
    Hadhabani was an 11th century Kurdish tribe centered at Ushnu. Their dominion included surrounding areas of Maragha and Urmia to the east, Salmas to the north and parts of Arbil and Mosul to the west....

     (11th century)
  • Seljuq dynasty
    Seljuq dynasty
    The Seljuq ; were a Turco-Persian Sunni Muslim dynasty that ruled parts of Central Asia and the Middle East from the 11th to 14th centuries...

     (11th-14th centuries)
  • Hazaraspids (1148–1424)
  • Khorshidi dynasty
    Khorshidi dynasty
    The Khorshidi dynasty was a dynasty that ruled Little Lorestan between 1155 - 1597 from Khorramabad. The dynasty was stemmed from the Jangardi tribe .The rulers of Khorshidi dynasty were called atabegs...

  • Mihrabanids
    The Mihrabanid dynasty was a Muslim dynasty that ruled Sistan from 1236 until the mid-16th century. It the third indigenous Muslim dynasty of Sistan, having been preceded by the Saffarid and Nasrid dynasties.-Overview:...

  • Muzaffarids of Iran (1335–1393)

Central Asia

  • Kara-Khanid Khanate
    Kara-Khanid Khanate
    The Kara-Khanid Khanate was a confederation of Turkic tribes ruled by a dynasty known in literature as the Karakhanids or Ilek Khanids, . Both dynastic names represent titles with Kara Kağan being the most important Turkish title up till the end of the dynasty.The Khanate ruled Transoxania in...

  • Al Muhtaj
    Al Muhtaj
    The Al-i Muhtaj or Muhtajids was an Iranian or Arabicized Iranian ruling family of the small principality of Chaghaniyan. They ruled during the 10th and early 11th centuries.-Early history:...

     (10th-early 11th centuries)
  • Khwārazm-Shāh dynasty (1077–1231)
  • Kartids
    The Kartid Dynasty was a Persian dynasty that ruled over a large part of Khorassan during the 13th and 14th centuries...

  • Timurid dynasty
    Timurid Dynasty
    The Timurids , self-designated Gurkānī , were a Persianate, Central Asian Sunni Muslim dynasty of Turko-Mongol descent whose empire included the whole of Iran, modern Afghanistan, and modern Uzbekistan, as well as large parts of contemporary Pakistan, North India, Mesopotamia, Anatolia and the...

  • Kazakh Khanate
    Kazakh Khanate
    Kazakh Khanate was a Kazakh state that existed in 1456-1847, located roughly on the territory of present-day Republic of Kazakhstan.-History:...

  • Khanate of Bukhara
    Khanate of Bukhara
    Khanate of Bukhara was a significant state in Central Asia from the second quarter of 16th century to the late–18th century. Bukhara became the capital of the short-lived Shaybanid empire during the reign of Ubaydallah Khan . The khanate reached its greatest extent and influence under its...

  • Mughal Empire
    Mughal Empire
    The Mughal Empire ,‎ or Mogul Empire in traditional English usage, was an imperial power from the Indian Subcontinent. The Mughal emperors were descendants of the Timurids...

  • Khanate of Khiva
    Khanate of Khiva
    The Khanate of Khiva was the name of a Uzbek state that existed in the historical region of Khwarezm from 1511 to 1920, except for a period of Persian occupation by Nadir Shah between 1740–1746. It was the patrilineal descendants of Shayban , the fifth son of Jochi and grandson of Genghis Khan...

  • Khanate of Kokand
    Khanate of Kokand
    The Khanate of Kokand was a state in Central Asia that existed from 1709–1883 within the territory of modern eastern Uzbekistan, southern Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan...

  • Ghurids
    The Ghurids or Ghorids were a medieval Muslim dynasty of Iranian origin that ruled during the 12th and 13th centuries in Khorasan. At its zenith, their empire, centred at Ghōr , stretched over an area that included the whole of modern Afghanistan, the eastern parts of Iran and the northern section...

  • Hotaki dynasty (1709–1738)
  • Ghaznavids (963-1187)
  • Barakzai Dynasty
    Barakzai dynasty
    The Barakzai dynasty ruled Afghanistan from 1826 until 1929 or 1973 when the monarchy rule finally ended under Mohammad Zahir Shah. The Barakzai dynasty was established by Dost Mohammad Khan after the Durrani dynasty of Ahmad Shah Durrani was removed from power...

  • Durrani Empire
    Durrani Empire
    The Durrani Empire was a Pashtun dynasty centered in Afghanistan and included northeastern Iran, the Kashmir region, the modern state of Pakistan, and northwestern India. It was established at Kandahar in 1747 by Ahmad Shah Durrani, an Afghan military commander under Nader Shah of Persia and chief...


South Asia

  • Soomra Dynasty
    Soomra Dynasty
    The Sumra dynasty , was established by Rajput Soomro tribe of Sindh. They were the first Emirs and ruled Sindh from their vibrant capital Mansura. Mansura was the largest and most wealthiest inhabited city of its time...

    , Soomra
    Soomro or Soomra is a Sindhi tribe in Sindh, Punjab and Balochistan, Pakistan.- History and origin :The Soomra Dynasty was established by the Soomro tribe of Sindh. The Soomra ruled Sindh from 750-1351. Following the 985 CE expulsion of the Qarmatian Muslim sect from Iraq and Egypt, the...

  • House of Theemuge
    House of Theemuge
    Theemuge Dharikolhu or Homa Dharikolhu was one of the early dynasty of the Maldives that reigned from c.1117 until c.1388. According to the record in the Isdhoo Loamaafaanu , which was written in 1194, the first king of the Theemuge Dynasty extended his rule to cover the entire Maldives...

  • Jahangiri(Gabari) Dynasty(1200-1531)
  • Mamluk Sultanate (Delhi) (1206–1290)
  • Khilji dynasty
    Khilji dynasty
    The Khilji Sultanate was a dynasty of Turko-Afghan Khalaj origin who ruled large parts of South Asia from 1290 - 1320. They were the second dynasty to rule the Delhi Sultanate of India...

  • Tughlaq Dynasty
    Tughlaq dynasty
    The Tughlaq dynasty of north India started in 1321 in Delhi when Ghazi Malik assumed the throne under the title of Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq. The Tughluqs were a Muslim family of Turkic origin...

  • Samma Dynasty (1335–1520)
  • Sayyid Dynasty
    Sayyid Dynasty
    Sayyid Dynasty ruled Kashmir from 1339 to 1561 CE for nearly 222 years. During the rule of this dynasty Islam was firmly established in Kashmir. Shah Mir, under the title of Sultan Shamas-ud-Din founded Sultan dynasty in 1339.-See also:* Shah Mir...

  • Ilyas Shahi dynasty
    Ilyas Shahi dynasty
    Ilyas dynasty or Iliyas dynasty or Iliyas Shahi dynasty was the first independent ruling dynasty in late medieval Bengal, which ruled from the 14th century to the 15th century. The dynasty was founded by Ilyas Shah , who succeeded to achieve the political unity of Bengal...

  • Faruqi dynasty
    Faruqi dynasty
    The Faruqi dynasty was the ruling dynasty of the Khandesh sultanate from its inception in 1382 till its annexation by the Mughal emperor Akbar in 1601. The founder of the dynasty, Malik Ahmad participated in a rebellion against the Bahmani ruler Muhmmad Shah I in his early years...

  • Hilaalee dynasty
    Hilaalee dynasty
    The first king of the Maldivian Hilaalee Dynasty was proclaimed king in the year 1388 AD.-See also:*List of Sultans of the Maldives*List of Sunni Muslim dynasties...

  • Muzaffarid dynasty of Gujarat (1391-1734)
  • Malwa Sultanate
    Malwa Sultanate
    The Malwa Sultanate was a late medieval independent kingdom in the Malwa region of the present day Madhya Pradesh state in India in 1392–1562.-History:For earlier history, see article Malwa....

  • Sayyid dynasty
    Sayyid dynasty
    The Sayyid dynasty ruled Delhi sultanate in India from 1414 to 1451. They succeeded the Tughlaq dynasty and ruled that sultanate until they were displaced by the Lodi dynasty.This family claimed to be Sayyids, or descendants of Prophet Muhammad...

  • Lodi Dynasty (1451–1526)
  • Hussain Shahi dynasty
    Hussain Shahi dynasty
    Hussain Shahi dynasty that ruled from 1494-1538. Alauddin Hussain Shah, considered as the greatest of all the sultans of Bengal for bringing cultural renaissance during his reign. He conquered Kamarupa, Kamata, Jajnagar, Orissa and extended the sultanate all the way to the port of Chittagong, which...

  • Arghun Dynasty
    Arghun Dynasty
    The Arghun Dynasty was a dynasty of either Mongol, Turkish or Turko-Mongol ethnicity that ruled parts of Afghanistan and Pakistan in the late 15th and early 16th centuries, and would later be focused around the region of Sindh in south east Pakistan for most of the 16th century...

     (late 15th-16th centuries)
  • Mughal Empire
    Mughal Empire
    The Mughal Empire ,‎ or Mogul Empire in traditional English usage, was an imperial power from the Indian Subcontinent. The Mughal emperors were descendants of the Timurids...

  • Suri Dynasty (1540–1556)
  • Arakkal (1545–18th century)
  • Utheemu dynasty
    Utheemu dynasty
    The Utheemu dynasty was created in 1573 when Muhammad Thakurufaanu Al Auzam became sultan of the Maldives. The dynasty was named after the northern Maldives island of Utheemu, birthplace of Thakurufaan. Thakurufaan is considered is a national hero, as he and his two brothers led a successful...

  • Khan of Kalat
    Khan of Kalat
    Khan of Kalat or Khan-e-Qalat is the title of former rulers of State of Kalat. Kalat state is now part of Balochistan, Pakistan. The rulers in Kalat were always subject to the political authority of a larger state, after the Mongol invasion they were subject to the Mughal emperors in Delhi, then...

  • Nawab of the Carnatic
    Nawab of the Carnatic
    Nawabs of the Carnatic , ruled the Carnatic region of South India between about 1690 and 1801. They initially had their capital at Arcot,vellore city...

  • Isdhoo dynasty
    Isdhoo dynasty
    The first king of the Isdhoo Dynasty was proclaimed king in the year 1692 AD.-See also:*List of Sultans of the Maldives*List of Sunni Muslim dynasties...

  • Dhiyamigili dynasty
    Dhiyamigili dynasty
    The Dhiyamigili dynasty was the fifth royal dynasty to rule over the Maldives. It comprised four sultans:* Sultan Muzaffar Muhammad Imaduddin II * Sultan Ibrahim Iskandar II * Sultan Mukarram Muhammad Imaduddin III...

  • Hotaki Dynasty (1709-1738)
  • Nawab of Bhopal
    Nawab of Bhopal
    The Nawabs of Bhopal were the Muslim rulers of the princely state of Bhopal, now part of the modern state of Madhya Pradesh, in India. The last Nawab was Hamidullah Khan, who acceded his state to India in 1947....

  • Asif Jah Dynasty , Nizam of Hyderabad (1724–1948)
  • Babi dynasty
    Babi Dynasty
    The Babi dynasty was founded in 1735 by Muhammed Sher Khan Babi . Nawabs of this dynasty went on to rule over Junagadh in modern Gujarat, from the 18th century until Indian independence in 1947....

  • Durrani Empire
    Durrani Empire
    The Durrani Empire was a Pashtun dynasty centered in Afghanistan and included northeastern Iran, the Kashmir region, the modern state of Pakistan, and northwestern India. It was established at Kandahar in 1747 by Ahmad Shah Durrani, an Afghan military commander under Nader Shah of Persia and chief...

  • Mysore Kingdom (1749-1799)
  • Huraa dynasty
    Huraa dynasty
    The Huraa Dynasty was the sixth royal dynasty to rule over the Maldives. It was founded in 1757 by Sultan al-Ghazi Hasan 'Izz ud-din.-Rulers:List of Huraa Sultans:* Sultan al-Ghazi Hasan 'Izz ud-din...

  • Tonk (princely state)
    Tonk (princely state)
    Tonk was a Princely State of India which by treaty in 1817 accepted British suzerainty. Following the Partition of India in 1947, Tonk acceded to the newly independent Union of India. It was located in the region that is now the Tonk district.-History:...

  • Barakzai Dynasty
    Barakzai dynasty
    The Barakzai dynasty ruled Afghanistan from 1826 until 1929 or 1973 when the monarchy rule finally ended under Mohammad Zahir Shah. The Barakzai dynasty was established by Dost Mohammad Khan after the Durrani dynasty of Ahmad Shah Durrani was removed from power...


South-East Asia

  • Kedah Sultanate
    Kedah Sultanate
    The Sultanate of Kedah was the earliest sultanate on the Malay Peninsula and one of the oldest Sultanates in the world, founded in year 1136.-Kedah Kingdom:...

  • Pasai
    Pasai, also known as Samudera and Samudera-Pasai sometimes called Samudera Darussalam was a Muslim harbour kingdom on the north coast of Sumatra from the 13th to the 15th centuries CE. It was believed the word Samudera derived from Samudra meaning ocean in Sanskrit...

     (1267-15th century)
  • Brunei
    Brunei , officially the State of Brunei Darussalam or the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace , is a sovereign state located on the north coast of the island of Borneo, in Southeast Asia...

     (14th century-present)
  • Sultanate of Malacca (1402–1511)
  • Pah Sultanate (mid-15th century–present)
  • Sultanate of Sulu (1450-1936)
  • Sultanate of Ternate
    Sultanate of Ternate
    The Sultanate of Ternate was originally named the Kingdom of Gapi, but later change the name base of its capital, Ternate. The sultanate is one of the oldest Muslim kingdoms in Indonesia, established by Baab Mashur Malamo in 1257...

  • Sultanate of Demak
    Sultanate of Demak
    The Sultanate of Demak was Javanese Muslim state located on Java's north coast in Indonesia, at the site of the present day city of Demak. A port fief to the Majapahit kingdom thought to have been founded in the last quarter of the 15th century, it was influenced by Islam brought by Arab and...

  • Aceh Sultanate
    Aceh Sultanate
    The Sultanate of Aceh, officially the Kingdom of Aceh Darussalam was a sultanate centered in the modern area of Aceh Province, Sumatra, Indonesia, which was a major regional power in the 16th and 17th centuries, before experiencing a long period of decline...

  • Kingdom of Maynila
    Kingdom of Maynila
    The Kingdom of Seludong , or Maynila, which after colonization became Manila, capital of the Philippines, was one of three major city-states that dominated the area around the upper portion of the Pasig River before the arrival of Spanish colonizers in the 16th century.The early inhabitants of the...

  • Mataram Sultanate
    Mataram Sultanate
    The Sultanate of Mataram was the last major independent Javanese empire on Java before the island was colonized by the Dutch. It was the dominant political force in interior Central Java from the late 16th century until the beginning of the 18th century....

     (1500’s – 1700’s)
  • Pattani Kingdom
    Pattani kingdom
    Pattani or Sultanate of Pattani was a Malay sultanate that covered approximately the area of the modern Thai provinces of Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat and much of the northern part of modern Malaysia. The King of Patani is believed to have converted to Islam some time during the 11th century...

  • Sultanate of Maguindanao (1520-c.1800)
  • Sultanate of Banten
    Sultanate of Banten
    The Sultanate of Banten was founded in the 16th century and centered in Banten, a port city on the northwest coast of Java; the contemporary English spelling of both was Bantam...

  • Perak Sultanate (1528–present)
  • Johor Sultanate
    Johor Sultanate
    The Sultanate of Johor was founded by Malaccan Sultan Mahmud Shah's son, Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah II in 1528. Johor was part of the Malaccan Sultanate before the Portuguese conquered Malacca's capital in 1511...

  • Kingdom of Pajang
    Kingdom of Pajang
    The Kingdom of Pajang was a short-lived Muslim state in Java. It was established by Hadiwijaya or Jaka Tingkir, Lord of Boyolali, after ending civil war in and as successor to Sultanate of Demak...

  • Sultanate of Terengganu (1725–present)
  • Selangor Sultanate (mid-18th century–present)
  • Surakarta Sunanate
    Surakarta Sunanate
    Surakarta Sunanate is a Javanese monarchy centered in the city of Surakarta, in the province of Central Java, Indonesia. The Surakarta Kraton were established in 1745 by Pakubuwono II. Both of Surakarta Sunanate and Yogyakarta Sultanate are the successors of Mataram Sultanate...

  • Yogyakarta Sultanate
    Yogyakarta Sultanate
    Yogyakarta Sultanate is a Javanese monarchy in the province of Yogyakarta, Indonesia.-History:...

  • Kingdom of Aman
    The kingdom of Champa was an Indianized kingdom that controlled what is now southern and central Vietnam from approximately the 7th century through to 1832.The Cham people are remnants...

  • Palembang
    Palembang is the capital city of the South Sumatra province in Indonesia. Palembang is one of the oldest cities in Indonesia, and has a history of being a capital of a maritime empire. Located on the Musi River banks on the east coast of southern Sumatra island, it has an area of 400.61 square...

    (1550 - 1823)

See also

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