JSC "Khartron" (Ukrainian
Ukrainian language
Ukrainian is a language of the East Slavic subgroup of the Slavic languages. It is the official state language of Ukraine. Written Ukrainian uses a variant of the Cyrillic alphabet....

: Хартрон, formerly NPO "Electropribor", Russian
Russian language
Russian is a Slavic language used primarily in Russia, Belarus, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. It is an unofficial but widely spoken language in Ukraine, Moldova, Latvia, Turkmenistan and Estonia and, to a lesser extent, the other countries that were once constituent republics...

: НПО "Электроприбор", means Scientific Production Association "Electrical appliance") is a one of the leading design engineering bureaus of CIS
CIS usually refers to the Commonwealth of Independent States, a modern political entity consisting of eleven former Soviet Union republics.The acronym CIS may also refer to:-Organizations:...

 (and the only in Ukraine
Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. It has an area of 603,628 km², making it the second largest contiguous country on the European continent, after Russia...

), which develops and produces spacecraft (and not only) control systems.

History and achievements

Khartron Corp. was established in 1959 in Kharkiv
Kharkiv or Kharkov is the second-largest city in Ukraine.The city was founded in 1654 and was a major centre of Ukrainian culture in the Russian Empire. Kharkiv became the first city in Ukraine where the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic was proclaimed in December 1917 and Soviet government was...

, Ukraine. Founded as a government enterprise, Khartron Corp. changed its names several times, albeit remaining an intact entity. The main trend of its activity was development and implementation of control systems for ballistic missiles, carrier-boosters and space vehicles. It is Khartron that developed control systems for the formidable missiles SS-18 and SS-19, for the all scientific and technical modules of the MIR Space Station
Mir was a space station operated in low Earth orbit from 1986 to 2001, at first by the Soviet Union and then by Russia. Assembled in orbit from 1986 to 1996, Mir was the first modular space station and had a greater mass than that of any previous spacecraft, holding the record for the...

, and for the Zarya
Zarya , also known as the Functional Cargo Block or FGB , was the first module of the International Space Station to be launched. The FGB provided electrical power, storage, propulsion, and guidance to the ISS during the initial stage of assembly...

 cargo module of the International Space Station
International Space Station
The International Space Station is a habitable, artificial satellite in low Earth orbit. The ISS follows the Salyut, Almaz, Cosmos, Skylab, and Mir space stations, as the 11th space station launched, not including the Genesis I and II prototypes...

. It was the main developer enterprise of the Energia
Energia was a Soviet rocket that was designed by NPO Energia to serve as a heavy-lift expendable launch system as well as a booster for the Buran spacecraft. Control system main developer enterprise was the NPO "Electropribor"...

 rocket. Khartron is the only company in the world that provides automatic docking of the heavy 20-tons space vehicles in space environment.

Under a radically changing economic environment, Khartron Corp. has had to adapt to civilian applications, thus executing the Government conversion Program.
SS-18 and SS-19 were converted into space launchers Dnepr and Eurokot to orbit Ukrainian and foreign satellites. Khartron boasts several joint ventures and projects with companies in the USA, Germany, Italy, Russia, providing successful launches of commercial satellites.

In 1994, a joint venture between Westinghouse Electric Company
Westinghouse Electric Company
Westinghouse Electric Company LLC is a nuclear power company, offering a wide range of nuclear products and services to utilities throughout the world, including nuclear fuel, service and maintenance, instrumentation and control and advanced nuclear plant designs...

 and Khartron - Westron - was established. Westron JV has been successfully operating from its inception to this day modernizing I&C systems for Ukrainian nuclear power plants. During his trip to Europe to Ukraine in June 2000, President Clinton noted the importance of this particular cooperative effort to improve the safety of Ukraine's nuclear power plants.

Current state

Khartron is one of Ukraine's enterprises for reconstruction of Instrumentation and Control (I&C) systems for Ukrainian nuclear power plants.

Today's Khartron is a mini-conglomerate; parent of several partially owned subsidiary enterprises involved in their own businesses. Meeting the requirements of the national economy, Khartron's business segments range from control systems for fossil-fuel power plants to gas and oil pipelines to sugar plants to air traffic to agriculture to railroad stations and cars.

Over the past ten years, Khartron has moved from an exclusively state-owned enterprise, to a joint stock company, whose products among others include commercial industrial control systems for fossil-fuel and nuclear power plants, transport, gas and oil pipelines.


  • "Khartron-incorporated" (company that manages the fast-growing businesses, targeted at corporate consumers of products and services) - Official site

  • "HARTRON-ARKOS" (design, development, manufacturing, testing, imstallation and maintenance of the various (primarily - spacecraft) control systems) - Official site

  • "HARTRON-PLANT" (manufacturing of the control system hardware for rocket complexes and space vehicles, hardware for nuclear power plants, consumer goods (radio-controlled toys, welder's helmets), etc.) - Page

  • "HARTRON-UKOM" (design, development, manufacturing, delivery, installation and maintenance of various telemetric, space control systems, gas/oil pipelines and pipeline-related facilities electronic support, etc.) - Page

  • "HARTRON-INCOR" (design, development, manufacturing, installation and maintenance of the nuclear power plants electronic support, protection hardware for power units, power stations, computer-based turnstile systems for passengers at the railway stations, electronic table-based visual information systems for railway stations, etc.) - Page

  • "HARTRON-ENERGO" (design, development, manufacturing, installation and maintenance of the radioelectronic hardware for control systems for nuclear and fossil-fuel power plants, gas analysers, hybrid microelectronic assembly) - Page

  • "HARTRON-CONSAT" (design, development, manufacturing, installation and maintenance of the guidance and orientation control systems for space vehicles, I&C systems for industrial enterprises, control systems for onboard digital computer complexes, satellite components, etc.) - Page

  • "ELON-TT" (design, development, manufacturing, installation and maintenance of the Instrumentation & Control systems for iron and steel industry, coke industry, gas & oil transportation) - Page

  • "HARTRON-EXPRESS" (design, development, manufacturing, installation and maintenance of the electric equipment for railway transport, fire-alarm systems, computer-aided diagnostic control systems for industrial conditioners) - Page

  • "HARTRON-SIGMA" (testing of electronic and electrotechnical products, Testing & Sertification Center's service, Electrotechnical laboratory's service) - Page


Designed control systems for:

  • Energia
    Energia was a Soviet rocket that was designed by NPO Energia to serve as a heavy-lift expendable launch system as well as a booster for the Buran spacecraft. Control system main developer enterprise was the NPO "Electropribor"...

  • Tsyklon
    The Tsyklon , GRAU index 11K67, was a Soviet/Ukrainian-designed expendable launch system, primarily used to put Cosmos satellites into low Earth orbit. It is based on the R-36 intercontinental ballistic missile designed by Mikhail Yangel and made eight launches, with seven successes, and one failure...

  • Tsyklon-4
    The Tsyklon-4 or Cyclone-4, also known as Tsiklon-4, is a Ukrainian carrier rocket which is being developed for commercial satellite launches. Derived from the Tsyklon-3, it has a new third stage, a larger payload fairing, and a modernised flight control system compared to its predecessor...

  • Strela
    Strela may refer to:A series of Russian-manufactured anti-aircraft missiles* The 9K31 Strela-1, aka SA-9 Gaskin* The 9K32 Strela-2, aka SA-7 Grail* The 9K34 Strela-3, aka SA-14 Gremlin* The 9K35 Strela-10, aka SA-13 GopherOther...

  • SS-7 'Saddler'
    The R-16 was the first successful intercontinental ballistic missile deployed by the Soviet Union. In the West it was known by the NATO reporting name SS-7 Saddler, and within Russia, it carried the GRAU index 8K64.- Description :...

  • SS-8 'Sasin'
  • SS-9 'Scarp'
  • SS-15 'Scrooge'
    RT-20 (missile)
    The RT-20 was an intercontinental ballistic missile developed but not deployed by the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Control system for it was designed at NPO "Electropribor"...

  • SS-18 'Satan'/Dnepr
  • SS-18 'Satan'/Dnepr
  • SS-19 'Stiletto'

Orbital modules:
  • Kvant-1
    Kvant-1 was the second module of the Soviet space station Mir. It was the first addition to the Mir base block and contained scientific instruments for astrophysical observations and materials science experiments....

  • Kvant-2
    Kvant-2 was the third module and second major addition to the Mir space station. Its primary purpose was to deliver new science experiments, better life support systems, and an airlock to Mir. It was launched on November 26, 1989 on a Proton rocket. It docked to Mir on December 6...

  • Kristall
    The Kristall module was the fourth module and the third major addition to the Mir space station. As with previous modules, its configuration was based on the 77K module, and was originally named "Kvant 3". It was launched on May 31, 1990 on a Proton rocket...

  • Priroda
    The Priroda module was the seventh and final module of the Mir Space Station. Its primary purpose was to conduct Earth resource experiments through remote sensing and to develop and verify remote sensing methods...

  • Spektr
    Spektr was the fifth module of the Mir Space Station. The module was designed for remote observation of Earth's environment containing atmospheric and surface research equipment...

  • more than 150 satellites of the Kosmos series
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