Uncial 0171
Uncial 0171 ε 07 (Soden) is two vellum
Vellum is mammal skin prepared for writing or printing on, to produce single pages, scrolls, codices or books. It is generally smooth and durable, although there are great variations depending on preparation, the quality of the skin and the type of animal used...

 leaves of a late third century (or beginning fourth) Greek uncial
Uncial is a majuscule script commonly used from the 3rd to 8th centuries AD by Latin and Greek scribes. Uncial letters are written in either Greek, Latin, or Gothic.-Development:...

 codex containing fragments Matthew
Gospel of Matthew
The Gospel According to Matthew is one of the four canonical gospels, one of the three synoptic gospels, and the first book of the New Testament. It tells of the life, ministry, death, and resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth...

 and Luke
Gospel of Luke
The Gospel According to Luke , commonly shortened to the Gospel of Luke or simply Luke, is the third and longest of the four canonical Gospels. This synoptic gospel is an account of the life and ministry of Jesus of Nazareth. It details his story from the events of his birth to his Ascension.The...

. In the Berlin Matthew and Florence Luke are taken. Matthew is a part of the Medici Library
Laurentian Library
The Laurentian Library is a historical library in Florence, Italy, containing a repository of more than 11,000 manuscripts and 4,500 early printed books...

 (PSI 2.124) collection in Florence
Florence is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany and of the province of Florence. It is the most populous city in Tuscany, with approximately 370,000 inhabitants, expanding to over 1.5 million in the metropolitan area....

, Luke – Staatliche Museen zu Berlin
Berlin State Museums
The Berlin State Museums, in German Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, are a group of museums in Berlin, Germany overseen by the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation and funded by the German federal government in collaboration with Germany's federal states...

 (P. 11863).


Uncial 0171 measures 5.7 cm by 9.2 cm from a page of two columns of 23 lines. The scribe wrote in a reformed documentary hand. It has errors of itacism
Iotacism is the process by which a number of vowels and diphthongs in Ancient Greek converged in pronunciation so that they all sound like iota in Modern Greek....

, the nomina sacra
Nomina sacra
Nomina sacra means "sacred names" in Latin, and can be used to refer to traditions of abbreviated writing of several frequently occurring divine names or titles in early Greek language Holy Scripture...

 are contracted (ΚΣ ΙΗΣ). Luke 22:51 is omitted.

The Alands
Kurt Aland
Kurt Aland was a German Theologian and Professor of New Testament Research and Church History. He founded the Institut für neutestamentliche Textforschung in Münster and served as its first director for many years...

 describe the text as "an early (secondary?) form of the D [Codex Bezae
Codex Bezae
The Codex Bezae Cantabrigensis, designated by siglum Dea or 05 , δ 5 , is a codex of the New Testament dating from the 5th century written in an uncial hand on vellum. It contains, in both Greek and Latin, most of the four Gospels and Acts, with a small fragment of the 3 John...

] text" and "paraphrastic". Uncial 0171 is an important witness to the existence of the Western text-type
Western text-type
The Western text-type is one of several text-types used in textual criticism to describe and group the textual character of Greek New Testament manuscripts...

 in Egypt. Aland placed it in Category IV.
It is the earliest Greek witness with text of Luke 22:43–44
Christ's agony at Gethsemane
Christ's agony at Gethsemane is a passage in the Gospel of Luke , describing a prayer of Jesus, after which he receives strength from an angel, on the Mount of Olives prior to his betrayal and arrest...


It is classed as a "consistently cited witness of the first order" in the Novum Testamentum Graece
Novum Testamentum Graece
Novum Testamentum Graece is the Latin name editions of the original Greek-language version of the New Testament.The first printed edition was the Complutensian Polyglot Bible by Cardinal Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros, printed in 1514, but not published until 1520...

. NA27 considers it even more highly than other witnesses of this type. It provides an exclamation mark (!) for "papyri and uncial manuscripts of particular significance because of their age."

The manuscript was found in 1903-1905 in Hermopolis Magna. The text was first published by the Società Italiana in Florence in 1912.

Hermann von Soden knew the first fragment only in time to include it in the list of addenda in 1913. He classified it within his Ια text.

Lagrange gave a collation, he classifies the fragment in his "recension D", and argues that the divergences of the fragment from the Codex Bezae are due to idiosyncrasies either of that manuscript or of the fragment itself.

Kurt Treu
Kurt Treu
Kurt Treu , German classical philologist, was a son of a German parson on the island Saaremaa, the largest island of Estonia. In 1940, because of World War II, the Treu family was forced to leave their homeland. Kurt Treu studied in a Gymnasium in Hohensalza. AS levels were studied by him after the...

 identified the Matthew and Luke portions as the work of the same scribe on the same codex. Later again, Neville Birdsall observed that a lower portion of the manuscript had been overlooked in the editio princeps.


Fragment (a) + (b): Verso (Luke 22:44-50)
Col. I                                       Col. II
και αναστας απο [της]
προσευχης και ελ[θων]
προς τους μαθητα[ς ευ-]
ρεν κοιμενους α[υ-]
τους απο της λυπ[ης]
και ειπεν αυτοις τ[ι κα-]
θευδετε ανασταν[τες]
προσευχεθε ιν[α μη]
εισελθητε εις πε[ιρασ-]
μον ετι δε αυτου [λα]
λουντος ιδου οχ[λος]
και ο καλουμε[νος Ι-]
[ο]υδ[ας Ισκαριωθ εις]
— — — — — — — —
— — — — — — — —
[ . . . ] . [ . . . . ] . [ . . . . . ]
[υι]ον του αν[θρωπου]
— — — — — — — —           [πα]ραδιδως [ιδοντες]
[  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   ]           δε οι περι αυ[τον το γε-]
[  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   ]           νομενο[ν ειπαν αυ-
[   αυ]το[υ ως] θρο(μ)-             τω ει π[αταξομεν εν]
[βοι αιματο]ς καταβαι-             μαχα[ιρη και επαταξεν]
[νοντες ε]πι την γην                 εις [τις εξ αυτων τον]

Fragment (a) + (b): Recto (Luke 22:50-56.61-64)
Col. I
[δου]λον του αρχιερε-
[ως] και αφειλεν το ους
[αυ]του δο δεξιον ειπε(ν)
[δε] ιης προς τους παρα-
[γε]νομενους επ αυτο(ν)
[αρ]χιερεις και στρατη-
[γο]υς του ιερου ως επ[ι]
[ληστ]ην εξηλθετε με-
[τα μ]αχαιρων το καθ η-
[με]ραν οντος μου εν
[τω ι]ερω ουκ εξετεινα-
[τε] χειρας επ εμε [αλλα]
αυτη εστιν υμων η] ω[ρα]
— — — — — — — —
— — — — — — — —
[ . . . . ] . . [ . . ] . . .
[του αρχιε]ρεως ο δε [Πε-]
[τρος ηκο]λουθει απ[ο]
[μακροθεν] αψαντων δε
[πυρ εν μεσ]η τη αυλη
[και περικαθι]σαντων
[εκαυθητο ο Πετρ]ος με-
[σος αυτων ιδουσα] δε
Col. II
— — — — — — — —
. [                       απαρ-]
νησ[η                             ]
και ο[ι ανδ]ρε[ς οι συνεχον-]
τες [α]υτον [ενεπαιζον]
αυτω και π[ερικαλυψαν-]
[τες                             ]

Fragment (c): Recto (hair side) (Matthew 10:17-23)
Col. I
[          ανθρω]πων πα-
[ραδωσουσιν] γαρ υμας
[εις συνεδρι]α και εις
[τας συναγ]ωγας αυτω
[μαστιγω]σουσιν υμας
[και επι η]γεμονων και
[βασιλεω]ν σταθησεσθε
[ενεκεν] εμου εις μαρ-
[τυριον] αυτοις και τοις
[εθνεσ]ιν οταν δε παρα-
[δωσιν] υμας μη μεριμνη-
[σητε τι] λαλησητε[ε] δοθη-
[σεται γ[αρ υμειν [εν ε]κει-
[νη τη] ωρα τι λα[λησητε]
[ου γαρ υ]μεις εσ[τε οι λα-]
[λουντ]ες αλλα τ[ο πνα]
[του πρς] υμων [           ]
— — — — — — — —
Col. II
σουσιν αυτου[ς και]
εσεσθε μεισο[υμε-]
νοι υπο πα[ντων]
δια το ονο[μα μου]
ο δε υπομ[εινας εις]
τελος ου[τος σωθη-]
σεται οτ[αν δε διω-]
κωσιν [υμας εν τη]
πολει [ταυτη φευγε-]
τε εις [την αλλην εαν]
δε εν [τη αλλη εκδιω-]
ξου[σιν υμας φευγε-]
τε [                         ]
— — — — — — — —

Fragment (c): Verso (flesh side) (Matthew 10:25-32)
Col. I
[αυτο]υ και ο δουλος
[ως ο κ]ς αυτου
[ει τον ο]ικοδεσποτη
[             ]βουλ εκαλε-
[σαν ποσ]ω μαλλον
[τους οικια]κους αυτου
[μη ουν φο]βηθητε
[αυτους ουδ]εν γαρ ε-
[στιν κεκαλυ]μμενο
[ο ουκ αποκα]λυφθη-
[σεται και κρυ]πτον ο
[ου γνωσθησε]ται ο
[λεγω υμιν εν] τη σ-
[κοτια ειπατε] . [ . . ]
— — — — — — — —
Col. II
τον δυνα[μενον και ψυ]
χην και σ[ωμα αποκτει-]
ναι εν γεε[ννη ουχι δου]
στρουθια ασ[σαριου πω-]
λουνται και[ εν εξ αυτων]
ου πεσειται ε[πι την γην]
ανευ του πα[ρος υ-]
μων αλλα κα[ι αι τριχες]
της κεφαλης [υμων]
πασαι ηριθμημ[εναι ει-]
σιν μη ουν φο[βεισθε]
πολλων στρουθ[ιων]
δ[ιαφε]ρετε υμ[εις πας]
[ουν οσ]τις ομο[λογησει]
[εν ε]μοι ενπ[ροσθεν]
[των α]νθρωπ[ων ομο-]
[λογ]ησω [                 ]
— — — — — — — —

See also

Other early uncials:
  • Uncial 0162
    Uncial 0162
    Codex 0162 , ε 023 , is one vellum leaf of the late third century Greek codex containing John.- Description :...

  • Uncial 0189
    Uncial 0189
    Uncial 0189 , is the oldest parchment manuscript of the New Testament.- Description :It consists of a single vellum leaf of a late second or early third century Greek codex, containing only a small part of the Acts of the Apostles.Its history is unknown prior to its current possession by the...

  • Uncial 0220
    Uncial 0220
    Uncial 0220 , is a leaf of a late third century Greek codex containing The Epistle to the Romans.- Description :...

  • Uncial 0308
    Uncial 0308
    Codex 0308 , is one of the recently registered New Testament Greek uncial manuscripts. It consists of only a fragment of a single parchment leaf of a fourth century codex, containing portions of the eleventh chapter of the Book of Revelation.- Description :The surviving texts of Revelation are...

Related articles:

Further reading

  • Ermenegildo Pistelli
    Ermenegildo Pistelli
    Ermenegildo Pistelli, , born in Florence, Italian papyrologist and palaeographer.Pistelli finished his philological studies in Florence.He examined numerous manuscripts found in Oxyrhynchus, e.g. Papyrus 2, 35, 36, Uncial 0171.- Works :...

    , Papiri greci e latini della Società Italiana (Florence, 1912), 1:2-4; 2:22-25.
  • Kurt Aland, Alter und Entstehung des D-Textes im Neuen Testament. Betrachtungen zu 𝔓 69 und 0171, Miscellània\Papirològica Ramon Roca-Puig (Barcelona 1987), pp. 37-61.
  • James Neville Birdsall, A Fresh Examination of the Fragments of the Gospel of St. Luke in MS. 0171 and an Attempted Reconstruction with Special Reference to the Recto, in: Collected papers in Greek and Georgian textual criticism, Texts and Studies, Gorgias Press 2006, Vol. 3, pp. 15-138.

External links

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