and of the province
. It is the most populous city in Tuscany, with approximately 370,000 inhabitants, expanding to over 1.5 million in the metropolitan area.
Located on the banks of the River Arno
, Florence is famous for its history and especially its importance in the Middle Ages
and during the Renaissance
, its art
and, more generally, for its cultural heritage.
1260 The Sienese Ghibellines, supported by the forces of King Manfred of Sicily, defeat the Florentine Guelphs at Montaperti.
1333 The River Arno flooding causing massive damage in Florence as recorded by the Florentine chronicler Giovanni Villani.
1334 The bishop of Florence blesses the first foundation stone for the new ''campanile'' (bell tower) of the Florence Cathedral, designed by the artist Giotto di Bondone.
1420 Construction of the dome of Santa Maria del Fiore begins in Florence.
1494 The Family de' Medici were expelled from Florence.
1497 The bonfire of the vanities occurs in which supporters of Girolamo Savonarola burn thousands of objects like cosmetics, art, and books in Florence, Italy.
1498 Girolamo Savonarola is burned at the stake in Florence, Italy, on the orders of Pope Alexander VI.
1504 Michelangelo's ''David'' is unveiled in Florence.
1527 The Florentines drive out the Medici for a second time and Florence re-establishes itself as a republic.
1555 After 18 months of siege, Siena surrenders to the Florentine-Imperial army. The Republic of Siena is incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.