Sissach is a municipality
Municipalities of Switzerland
Communes , also known as municipalities, are the smallest government division in Switzerland, numbering 2,596 . While many have a population of a few hundred citizens, the largest cities such as Zürich or Geneva also have the legal status of municipalities...

 and the capital of the district of Sissach
Sissach (district)
Sissach District is one of the five districts of the largely German-speaking canton of Basel-Country in Switzerland. It has a population of . The district occupies the western portion of Basel-Country, bordering the neighbouring cantons of canton of Aargau and Solothurn. Its capital is the town of...

 in the canton
Cantons of Switzerland
The 26 cantons of Switzerland are the member states of the federal state of Switzerland. Each canton was a fully sovereign state with its own borders, army and currency from the Treaty of Westphalia until the establishment of the Swiss federal state in 1848...

 of Basel-Country
Basel-Landschaft , is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland. The capital is Liestal...

 in Switzerland
Switzerland name of one of the Swiss cantons. ; ; ; or ), in its full name the Swiss Confederation , is a federal republic consisting of 26 cantons, with Bern as the seat of the federal authorities. The country is situated in Western Europe,Or Central Europe depending on the definition....



Sissach has an area, , of 8.87 square kilometres (3.4 sq mi). Of this area, 2.5 km² (0.965255396481338 sq mi) or 28.2% is used for agricultural purposes, while 4.13 km² (1.6 sq mi) or 46.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2.22 km² (0.857146792075428 sq mi) or 25.0% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.02 km² (4.9 acre) or 0.2% is either rivers or lakes and 0.01 km² (2.5 acre) or 0.1% is unproductive land.

Of the built up area, industrial buildings made up 2.8% of the total area while housing and buildings made up 12.4% and transportation infrastructure made up 6.3%. Power and water infrastructure as well as other special developed areas made up 1.6% of the area while parks, green belts and sports fields made up 1.9%. Out of the forested land, 45.1% of the total land area is heavily forested and 1.5% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 3.6% is used for growing crops and 16.9% is pastures, while 7.7% is used for orchards or vine crops. All the water in the municipality is flowing water.

The municipality is the capital of the district with the same name. Sissach village was originally a linear village
Linear village
In geography, a linear village, or linear settlement, is a small to medium-sized settlement that is formed around a transport route, such as a road, river, or canal. Wraysbury, a village in Berkshire, is one of the longest villages in England....

 along the Ergolz
left|thumb|Source of the Ergolz in [[Oltingen]]The Ergolz is the main river in the canton of Basel-Landschaft. It rises on Mount Geisflue in the Faltenjura mountains in the upper region of Basel-Landschaft, on the border with Aargau and Solothurn, and joins the Rhine at Augst...

 river. By the beginning of the 21st Century, it had expanded to fill the entire valley and part of the slopes around the valley. It grew along the road between the Schafmatt and Unterer Hauenstein Jura passes
Jura mountains
The Jura Mountains are a small mountain range located north of the Alps, separating the Rhine and Rhone rivers and forming part of the watershed of each...

. It includes the settlements of Itchon (first mentioned in 1226), and Gruonach and Wilmatten (both mentioned in 1446).

Coat of arms

The blazon
In heraldry and heraldic vexillology, a blazon is a formal description of a coat of arms, flag or similar emblem, from which the reader can reconstruct the appropriate image...

 of the municipal coat of arms
Coat of arms
A coat of arms is a unique heraldic design on a shield or escutcheon or on a surcoat or tabard used to cover and protect armour and to identify the wearer. Thus the term is often stated as "coat-armour", because it was anciently displayed on the front of a coat of cloth...

 is Per pale Gules and Argent, two Arms palewise counterchanged.


Sissach has a population of . , 17.0% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years (1997–2007) the population has changed at a rate of 16%.

Most of the population speaks German
German language
German is a West Germanic language, related to and classified alongside English and Dutch. With an estimated 90 – 98 million native speakers, German is one of the world's major languages and is the most widely-spoken first language in the European Union....

 (4,723 or 88.7%), with Italian language
Italian language
Italian is a Romance language spoken mainly in Europe: Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City, by minorities in Malta, Monaco, Croatia, Slovenia, France, Libya, Eritrea, and Somalia, and by immigrant communities in the Americas and Australia...

 being second most common (180 or 3.4%) and Portuguese
Portuguese language
Portuguese is a Romance language that arose in the medieval Kingdom of Galicia, nowadays Galicia and Northern Portugal. The southern part of the Kingdom of Galicia became independent as the County of Portugal in 1095...

 being third (98 or 1.8%). There are 34 people who speak French
French language
French is a Romance language spoken as a first language in France, the Romandy region in Switzerland, Wallonia and Brussels in Belgium, Monaco, the regions of Quebec and Acadia in Canada, and by various communities elsewhere. Second-language speakers of French are distributed throughout many parts...

 and 5 people who speak Romansh.

, the gender distribution of the population was 49.5% male and 50.5% female. The population was made up of 5,113 Swiss citizens (82.7% of the population), and 1,069 non-Swiss residents (17.3%) Of the population in the municipality 1,489 or about 28.0% were born in Sissach and lived there in 2000. There were 1,394 or 26.2% who were born in the same canton, while 1,351 or 25.4% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 938 or 17.6% were born outside of Switzerland.

In there were 53 live births to Swiss citizens and 13 births to non-Swiss citizens, and in same time span there were 47 deaths of Swiss citizens and 2 non-Swiss citizen deaths. Ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens increased by 6 while the foreign population increased by 11. There were 6 Swiss men and 8 Swiss women who emigrated from Switzerland. At the same time, there were 39 non-Swiss men and 31 non-Swiss women who immigrated from another country to Switzerland. The total Swiss population change in 2008 (from all sources, including moves across municipal borders) was an increase of 222 and the non-Swiss population increased by 65 people. This represents a population growth rate of 5.0%.

The age distribution, , in Sissach is; 444 children or 7.2% of the population are between 0 and 6 years old and 794 teenagers or 12.8% are between 7 and 19. Of the adult population, 935 people or 15.1% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 919 people or 14.9% are between 30 and 39, 946 people or 15.3% are between 40 and 49, and 1,194 people or 19.3% are between 50 and 64. The senior population distribution is 660 people or 10.7% of the population are between 65 and 79 years old and there are 290 people or 4.7% who are over 80.

, there were 2,185 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 2,549 married individuals, 330 widows or widowers and 261 individuals who are divorced.

the average number of residents per living room was 0.55 which is about equal to the cantonal average of 0.56 per room. In this case, a room is defined as space of a housing unit of at least 4 m² (43.1 sq ft) as normal bedrooms, dining rooms, living rooms, kitchens and habitable cellars and attics. About 36.8% of the total households were owner occupied, or in other words did not pay rent (though they may have a mortgage
Mortgage loan
A mortgage loan is a loan secured by real property through the use of a mortgage note which evidences the existence of the loan and the encumbrance of that realty through the granting of a mortgage which secures the loan...

 or a rent-to-own agreement).

, there were 2,332 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.2 persons per household. There were 829 households that consist of only one person and 116 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 2,378 households that answered this question, 34.9% were households made up of just one person and 10 were adults who lived with their parents. Of the rest of the households, there are 672 married couples without children, 660 married couples with children There were 119 single parents with a child or children. There were 42 households that were made up unrelated people and 46 households that were made some sort of institution or another collective housing.

there were 733 single family homes (or 58.5% of the total) out of a total of 1,252 inhabited buildings. There were 240 multi-family buildings (19.2%), along with 177 multi-purpose buildings that were mostly used for housing (14.1%) and 102 other use buildings (commercial or industrial) that also had some housing (8.1%). Of the single family homes 66 were built before 1919, while 111 were built between 1990 and 2000. The greatest number of single family homes (155) were built between 1946 and 1960.

there were 2,452 apartments in the municipality. The most common apartment size was 4 rooms of which there were 687. There were 100 single room apartments and 753 apartments with five or more rooms. Of these apartments, a total of 2,278 apartments (92.9% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 111 apartments (4.5%) were seasonally occupied and 63 apartments (2.6%) were empty. , the construction rate of new housing units was 4.4 new units per 1000 residents. the average price to rent a two room apartment was about 836.00 CHF (US$670, £380, €540), a three room apartment was about 1069.00 CHF (US$860, £480, €680) and a four room apartment cost an average of 1282.00 CHF (US$1030, £580, €820). The vacancy rate for the municipality, , was 0.55%.

The historical population is given in the following chart:

Heritage sites of national significance

Bishofstein Castle
Bishofstein Castle
Bishofstein Castle is a castle in the municipality of Sissach of the Canton of Basel-Country in Switzerland. It is a Swiss heritage site of national significance.-References:...

 and Sissacherfluh Castle
Sissacherfluh Castle
Sissacherfluh Castle is a castle in the municipality of Sissach of the Canton of Basel-Country in Switzerland. It is a Swiss heritage site of national significance.-References:...

 (both prehistoric hilltop settlement and medieval castle), Ebenrain Castle
Ebenrain Castle
Ebenrain Castle is a castle in the municipality of Sissach of the Canton of Basel-Country in Switzerland. It is a Swiss heritage site of national significance.-References:...

, the prehistoric hilltop settlement of Burgenrain and the reformed
Swiss Reformed Church
The Reformed branch of Protestantism in Switzerland was started in Zürich by Huldrych Zwingli and spread within a few years to Basel , Bern , St...

A parish is a territorial unit historically under the pastoral care and clerical jurisdiction of one parish priest, who might be assisted in his pastoral duties by a curate or curates - also priests but not the parish priest - from a more or less central parish church with its associated organization...

 Church of St Jakob are listed as Swiss heritage site of national significance
Swiss Inventory of Cultural Property of National and Regional Significance
The Swiss Inventory of Cultural Property of National and Regional Significance is a register of some 8,300 items of cultural property in Switzerland...

. The entire town of Sissach is part of the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites
Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites
The Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites is part of a 1981 Ordinance of the Swiss Federal Council implementing the Federal Law on the Protection of Nature and Cultural Heritage.-Sites of national importance:-Types:...



In the 2007 federal election
Swiss federal election, 2007
Elections to the Swiss Federal Assembly, the federal parliament of Switzerland, were held on Sunday, 21 October 2007. In a few cantons, a second round of the elections to the Council of States was held on 11 November, 18 November, and 25 November 2007...

 the most popular party was the SVP
Swiss People's Party
The Swiss People's Party , also known as the Democratic Union of the Centre , is a conservative political party in Switzerland. Chaired by Toni Brunner, but spearheaded by Christoph Blocher, the party is the largest party in the Federal Assembly, with 58 members of the National Council and 6 of...

 which received 26.89% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the Green Party
Green Party of Switzerland
The Green Party of Switzerland is the fifth-largest party in the National Council of Switzerland, and the largest party that is not represented on the Federal Council.-History:...

 (24.28%), the SP
Social Democratic Party of Switzerland
The Social Democratic Party of Switzerland is the largest centre-left political party in Switzerland....

 (22.43%) and the FDP
FDP.The Liberals
FDP.The Liberals is a classical liberal political party in Switzerland. It is the joint-largest party in the Federal Council, third-largest party in the National Council, and second-largest in the Council of States....

 (18.11%). In the federal election, a total of 2,077 votes were cast, and the voter turnout
Voter turnout
Voter turnout is the percentage of eligible voters who cast a ballot in an election . After increasing for many decades, there has been a trend of decreasing voter turnout in most established democracies since the 1960s...

 was 51.8%.


, Sissach had an unemployment rate of 2.8%. , there were 117 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 23 businesses involved in this sector. 1,510 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 76 businesses in this sector. 2,066 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 310 businesses in this sector. There were 2,902 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 43.3% of the workforce.

the total number of full-time equivalent
Full-time equivalent
Full-time equivalent , is a unit to measure employed persons or students in a way that makes them comparable although they may work or study a different number of hours per week. FTE is often used to measure a worker's involvement in a project, or to track cost reductions in an organization...

 jobs was 3,117. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 60, of which 52 were in agriculture and 7 were in forestry or lumber production. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 1,431, of which 898 or (62.8%) were in manufacturing, 2 or (0.1%) were in mining and 516 (36.1%) were in construction. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 1,626. In the tertiary sector; 526 or 32.3% were in the sale or repair of motor vehicles, 53 or 3.3% were in the movement and storage of goods, 110 or 6.8% were in a hotel or restaurant, 45 or 2.8% were in the information industry, 68 or 4.2% were the insurance or financial industry, 146 or 9.0% were technical professionals or scientists, 210 or 12.9% were in education and 191 or 11.7% were in health care.

, there were 2,666 workers who commuted into the municipality and 1,887 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net importer of workers, with about 1.4 workers entering the municipality for every one leaving. About 5.0% of the workforce coming into Sissach are coming from outside Switzerland. Of the working population, 28.8% used public transportation to get to work, and 42.1% used a private car.


From the , 1,270 or 23.8% were Roman Catholic, while 2,927 or 55.0% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 23 members of an Orthodox church
Orthodox Christianity
The term Orthodox Christianity may refer to:* the Eastern Orthodox Church and its various geographical subdivisions...

 (or about 0.43% of the population), there were 13 individuals (or about 0.24% of the population) who belonged to the Christian Catholic Church
Christian Catholic Church of Switzerland
The Christian Catholic Church of Switzerland is the Swiss member church of the Union of Utrecht, also known as Old Catholic Church, originally founded by the jansenists, with a later influx of discontented Catholics following their disappointment with the First Vatican Council. It has 14,000...

, and there were 138 individuals (or about 2.59% of the population) who belonged to another Christian church. There were 5 individuals (or about 0.09% of the population) who were Jewish
Judaism ) is the "religion, philosophy, and way of life" of the Jewish people...

, and 227 (or about 4.26% of the population) who were Islam
Islam . The most common are and .   : Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~...

ic. There were 10 individuals who were Buddhist
Buddhism is a religion and philosophy encompassing a variety of traditions, beliefs and practices, largely based on teachings attributed to Siddhartha Gautama, commonly known as the Buddha . The Buddha lived and taught in the northeastern Indian subcontinent some time between the 6th and 4th...

, 19 individuals who were Hindu
Hinduism is the predominant and indigenous religious tradition of the Indian Subcontinent. Hinduism is known to its followers as , amongst many other expressions...

 and 4 individuals who belonged to another church. 542 (or about 10.18% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic
Agnosticism is the view that the truth value of certain claims—especially claims about the existence or non-existence of any deity, but also other religious and metaphysical claims—is unknown or unknowable....

 or atheist
Atheism is, in a broad sense, the rejection of belief in the existence of deities. In a narrower sense, atheism is specifically the position that there are no deities...

, and 147 individuals (or about 2.76% of the population) did not answer the question.


Sissach has an average of 137.8 days of rain or snow per year and on average receives 1027 mm (40.4 in) of precipitation
Precipitation (meteorology)
In meteorology, precipitation In meteorology, precipitation In meteorology, precipitation (also known as one of the classes of hydrometeors, which are atmospheric water phenomena is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity. The main forms of precipitation...

. The wettest month is August during which time Sissach receives an average of 122 mm (4.8 in) of rain or snow. During this month there is precipitation for an average of 12.7 days. The month with the most days of precipitation is May, with an average of 13.5, but with only 108 mm (4.3 in) of rain or snow. The driest month of the year is February with an average of 65 mm (2.6 in) of precipitation over 11.2 days.


In Sissach about 2,156 or (40.5%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 762 or (14.3%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule
A Fachhochschule or University of Applied Sciences is a German type of tertiary education institution, sometimes specialized in certain topical areas . Fachhochschulen were founded in Germany and later adopted by Austria, Liechtenstein, Switzerland and Greece...

). Of the 762 who completed tertiary schooling, 68.9% were Swiss men, 20.1% were Swiss women, 7.1% were non-Swiss men and 3.9% were non-Swiss women.

, there were 572 students in Sissach who came from another municipality, while 177 residents attended schools outside the municipality.

External links

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