List of rivers of Turkey
Rivers of Turkey
Turkey , known officially as the Republic of Turkey , is a Eurasian country located in Western Asia and in East Thrace in Southeastern Europe...

can be divided into several groups depending on where they flow.

Europe is, by convention, one of the world's seven continents. Comprising the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, Europe is generally 'divided' from Asia to its east by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas, and the waterways connecting...

  • Mutludere
    Rezovo River
    The Rezovo River is a river in southeasternmost Bulgaria and northernmost Turkey....

      (also known as Rezovo) flows from Turkey into Bulgaria. 112 km.
  • Veleka
    The Veleka is a river in the very southeast of Bulgaria , as well as the very northeast of European Turkey. It is 147 km long, of which 123 km in Bulgaria and 25 km in Turkey, and takes it sources from a number of Karst springs in the Turkish part of the Strandzha mountain to flow...

     flows into Bulgaria and then into the Black Sea. 147 km (25 km in Turkey)

Anatolia is a geographic and historical term denoting the westernmost protrusion of Asia, comprising the majority of the Republic of Turkey...

/Armenian Highlands

  • Kızılırmak 'Red River' is the longest river in Turkey, also known as the Halys River. 1,350 km
    • Delice River - tributary
    • Devrez River - tributary
    • Gök River
      Gök River
      The Gök River or Gökırmak is a tributary of the Kızılırmak in Turkey. Its source is in Kastamonu Province....

       - tributary (also known as Gökırmak and in Classical times, Amnias)

  • Sakarya River is the third longest river in Turkey, also known as Sangarius. 824 km
    • Seydisuyu
      Seydisuyu is a river in Eskişehir Province, Turkey. It is a branch of Sakarya. Çatıören Dam is built on Seydisuyu. It also runs through Doğançayır....

    • Porsuk Çayı
      Porsuk River
      The Porsuk River also Kocasu-Porsuk River is a Turkish river, that flows for 448 km. The city of Eskişehir is sited on the banks of this river. The river is dammed by the Porsuk I dam and Porsuk II dam forming large reservoirs....

    • Ankara River
      Ankara River
      Ankara River, is a small river that runs through the city of Ankara, Turkey. Because of long time exposure to sewage and industrial pollutants, it is no longer viable as a water source for irrigation even though it is still used for irrigation down stream, and causes cholera and other diseases in...

  • Yeşilırmak  'Green River' (Classical Iris). 418 km
    • Çekerek River
      Çekerek River
      The Çekerek River is a tributary of the Yeşil River....

       (Classical Scylax) is a tributary
    • Kelkit River
      Kelkit River
      The Kelkit River , is a river in the Black Sea Region of Turkey. It is the longest tributary of the Yeşil River....

       (Classical Lycus (one of several)) is a tributary

  • Yağlıdere
    Yaglidere stream
    Yağlıdere is a long and highly voluminous stream that flows to Black Sea in the west end of the Espiye which is the capital town of the Espiye district with same name in Giresun Province in Turkey.-Description:...

    • Kılıçlar River
      Kiliçlar River
      Kılıçlar Deresi is one of two main tributaries of Yağlıdere stream borns in Erimez highland of Alucra district of Giresun Province of Turkey....

    • Tohumluk River
      Tohumluk River
      Tohumluk Deresi is one of two main tributaries of Yağlıdere Stream borns in Kurtbeli highland of Alucra district of Giresun Province of Turkey....

    • Üçköprü
      Üçköprü is a joining site of Tohumluk Deresi and Kılıçlar Deresi which are two main tributaries of Yağlıdere stream. It is a famous natural beauty, a real wonder of Giresun highlands in Turkey...

       is not actually a river but the point where the Kılıçlar and Tohumluk meet

  • Aksu Deresi
    Aksu Deresi
    Aksu is one of the main water streams of Giresun Province located in eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey. Its name is Turkish for "white water".-Description:...

     in Giresun Province
    Giresun Province
    Giresun Province is a province of Turkey on the Black Sea coast. Its adjacent provinces are Trabzon to the east, Gümüşhane to the south-west, Erzincan to the south, Sivas to the south-east, and Ordu to the west. The provincial capital is Giresun....

  • Batlama River in Giresun
  • Bartın River
    Bartin River
    Bartın River , is a small river in east of Black Sea Region of Turkey. Its source is Ilgaz Mountains, in Kastamonu Province and Karabük Province, it flows to the north, passes through in Bartın and empties into the Black Sea near Boğaz village in a delta.The last 14 kilometers on the Bartın River,...

     (Classical Parthenius)
  • Çoruh River
    Çoruh River
    The Çoruh River or Ch'orokhi River rises in the Mescit Mountains in north-eastern Turkey, flows through the cities of Bayburt, Ispir, Yusufeli, and Artvin, along the Kelkit-Çoruh Fault, before flowing into Georgia, where it reaches the Black Sea just south of Batumi and a few kilometers north of...

     (Classical Acampsis)
  • Gelevara Deresi
    Gelevara Deresi
    Gelevara Deresi is one of two main streams of Espiye, a district of Giresun province in the eastern Black Sea region of Turkey. Its two main tributaries arise in the highlands of Espiye district of Giresun and Torul district of Gümüşhane....

  • Kara Dere
    Kara Dere
    The Kara Dere is a river that empties into the Black Sea 20 miles east of Trabzon, Turkey. In ancient times it was known as the Hyssos or Hyssus....

     (Classical Hyssus or Hyssos)
  • Machakhlistskal(i)
    The Machakhlistskali or Machakhlitskal is a river that flows from the Artvin Province in Turkey to Adjara autonomous republic of Georgia....

  • Terme River (Classical Thermōdōn)
  • Yenice or Filyos River

Flow into the Marmara Sea

  • Biga Çayı, the classical Granicus
    The Biga River is a small river or large creek in Çanakkale Province in northwestern Turkey. The river begins at the base of Mount Ida and trends generally northeasterly to the Sea of Marmara. It is located approximately 50 km to the east of the Dardanelles. It flows past the towns of Çan...

  • Mustafakemalpaşi Çayı, the classical Ryhndacus
  • Simav Çayı
    Simav River
    The Simav or Susurluk River is a river in Anatolian Turkey. Its course is 321 km long and its basin comprises 22 400 km2. It was the classical Macestus . In the 19th century, it was known as the Mikalick....

     or Susurluk Çayı, the classical Makestos


  • Meriç
    The Maritsa or Evros , ) is, with a length of 480 km, the longest river that runs solely in the interior of the Balkans. It has its origin in the Rila Mountains in Western Bulgaria, flowing southeast between the Balkan and Rhodope Mountains, past Plovdiv and Parvomay to Edirne, Turkey...

     (Maritsa or Evros) is in the European section of Turkey and has its source in Bulgaria
    Bulgaria , officially the Republic of Bulgaria , is a parliamentary democracy within a unitary constitutional republic in Southeast Europe. The country borders Romania to the north, Serbia and Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, as well as the Black Sea to the east...

    . It is 480 km long.
    • Tunca
      The Tundzha is a river in Bulgaria and Turkey and the most significant tributary of the Maritsa, emptying into it on Turkish territory near Edirne....

       is a 350 km tributary in Bulgaria
    • Ergene
      Ergene is a major left tributary of the Maritsa river, flowing entirely in the East Thrace region of Turkey.The river rises from the southern part of Strandzha mountain, not far from the Black Sea and flows for 281 km before entering the Maritsa near the Turkish city of İpsala, with part of its...

       is a tributary inside of Turkey.


  • Bakırçay (Classical Caicus or Astraeus)
  • Büyük Menderes River (Classical Maeander or Meander). 548 km
    • Lycus (river of Phrygia)
      Lycus (river of Phrygia)
      Lycus or Lykos was the name of a river in ancient Phrygia, a tributary of the Maeander, which it joins a few km south of Tripolis. It had its sources in the eastern parts of Mount Cadmus Lycus or Lykos was the name of a river in ancient Phrygia, a tributary of the Maeander, which it joins a few...

      • Cadmus (river)
        Cadmus (river)
        Cadmus or Cadmos , was the ancient name for a river that flowed from Mount Cadmus, in ancient Phrygia. The river, probably the modern Gieuk Bonar , which flows into the Lycus, a tributary of the Maeander....

  • Cayster River
    Cayster River
    Küçük Menderes, "Little Maeander") or Cayster River is located south of İzmir, Turkey. The Cayster generally flows westward and arrive into the Aegean Sea at Pamucak beach near Selçuk, İzmir. The ancient city of Ephesus was once an important port on the Cayster, but over the centuries,...

     or Küçük Menderes. 114 km
  • Gediz River
    Gediz River
    -Name:The ancient name of the river was Hermos or Hermus.The name of the river Gediz may be related to the Lydian proper name Cadys; Gediz is also the name of a town near the river's sources. The name "Gediz" may also be encountered as a male name in Turkey.-Ancient geography:The Hermos separated...

     (Classical Hermus
    In Greek mythology, Hermus is a name attributed to multiple characters.-River god:Hermus is the god of the river Hermus located in the Aegean region of Lydia . Like most of the river-gods, he is the son of Oceanus and Tethys...

    ). 401 km
    • Pactolus
      Pactolus is a river near the Aegean coast of Turkey. The river rises from Mount Tmolus, flows through the ruins of the ancient city of Sardis, and empties into the Gediz River, the ancient Hermus. The Pactolus once contained electrum that was the basis of the economy of the ancient state of Lydia...

       (also known as Sart Çayı)
  • Karamenderes River
    Karamenderes River
    Karamenderes is the modern name of the river Scamander, along the lower course of which, according to the Iliad, the battles of the Trojan War were fought. It flows entirely within the Turkish province of Çanakkale....

     (Classical Scamander)

Flow into the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean surrounded by the Mediterranean region and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Anatolia and Europe, on the south by North Africa, and on the east by the Levant...

  • Aksu (Classical Kestros)
  • Manavgat River
    Manavgat River
    Manavgat River originates on the eastern slopes of Western Taurus Mountains in Turkey, and flows south over conglomerated strata for about 90 km, then over the Manavgat Waterfall and though the coastal plain and into the Mediterranean Sea...

  • Köprüçay River (Classical Eurymedon)
  • Göksu
    The Göksu is a river in Taşeli Peninsula . Both its sources arise in the Taurus Mountains—the northern in the Geyik Mountains and the southern in the Haydar Mountains...

    . 260 km
  • Limonlu Çayı (also known as Lamos (Cilicia))
  • Müftü River
    Müftü River
    Müftü River is a short river in Mersin Province, Turkey.-Geography:The headwaters are in the Toros Mountains, near the town of Arslanköy and the village of Sadiye. The river runs east and then south, flowing to the Mediterranean Sea within the city of Mersin at...

  • Tarsus River
    Berdan River
    The Berdan River, also called the Tarsus River , is a river in Mersin Province, south Turkey. The historical city of Tarsus is by the river.- Geography :...

     (also called Berdan; Classical Cydnus))
  • Seyhan River
    Seyhan River
    The Seyhan River is the longest river in Turkey that is flowing into Mediterranean Sea. The river is 560 km and flows southwest from its headwaters in the Tahtalı-Mountains in Anti-Taurus Mountains to the Mediterranean Sea via a broad delta...

     (Classical Sarus)
    • Zamantı River
      Zamanti River
      Zamantı River is a river in Central Anatolia, Turkey, crossing Kayseri Province in practically its whole course to join Seyhan River further south, of which it is the western, the longest and the most important tributary...

  • Ceyhan River (Classical Pyramus or Leucosyrus). 509 km
  • Payas River
    Payas River
    The Payas River, in southern Anatolia near today's Turkey—Syria border, is thought during recent modern times to be the famous Pinarus river of antiquity, where Alexander the Great defeated Darius III of Persia in the First Battle of Issus, and the likely site of the second and third battles...

  • Deli Çay River
    Deli Çay River
    The Deli Çay River , in southern Anatolia near today's Turkey—Syria border, was thought during earlier modern times to be the Pinarus river, where Alexander the Great defeated Darius III of Persia in the First Battle of Issus, and the likely site of the second and third battles of the same...

  • Asi River (Classical Orontes)
    • Afrin River
      Afrin River
      The Afrin River is a tributary of the Orontes River in Turkey and Syria. It rises in the Kartal Mountains in Gaziantep Province, Turkey, flows south through the city of Afrin in Syria, then reenters Turkey. It joins the Karasu at the site of the former Lake Amik, and its waters now flow to the...

      • Karasu
        Karasu (Hatay)
        The Karasu or Aswad is a river in the provinces of Gaziantep and Hatay in Turkey. For part of its length it forms the border with Aleppo Governorate in Syria. It joins the Afrin River at the site of the former Lake Amik, and its waters now flow to the Orontes by a canal....

Flow into the Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
The Persian Gulf, in Southwest Asia, is an extension of the Indian Ocean located between Iran and the Arabian Peninsula.The Persian Gulf was the focus of the 1980–1988 Iran-Iraq War, in which each side attacked the other's oil tankers...

  • Euphrates
    The Euphrates is the longest and one of the most historically important rivers of Western Asia. Together with the Tigris, it is one of the two defining rivers of Mesopotamia...

    • Khabur River
      Khabur River
      The Khabur River , , , ) is the largest perennial tributary to the Euphrates in Syrian territory. Although the Khabur originates in Turkey, the karstic springs around Ra's al-'Ayn are the river's main source of water. Several important wadis join the Khabur north of Al-Hasakah, together creating...

      • Jaghjagh River
        Jaghjagh River
        - Source :The river has two sources. The longer branch, known as Siyahsu , rises near the villaqe of Toptepe in Mardin Province, Turkey, and flows 10km to the confluence with the shorter branch, known as Beyazsu .- Course :The river crosses into Syria near the cities of Nusaybin and Al-Qamishli...

    • Balikh River
    • Sajur River
      Sajur River
      The Sājūr River is a long river originating in Turkey and flowing into the Euphrates in Syria. It is the smallest of the three rivers joining the Euphrates in Syria, and the only one that joins the Euphrates on its right bank...

    • Karasu
      Karasu (Euphrates)
      The Karasu or Western Euphrates is a long river in eastern Turkey, one of the two sources of the Euphrates. It has a length of about 450 km. To the ancient Greeks the river was known as the Τηλεβόας ....

    • Murat River
      Murat River
      The Murat River or Eastern Euphrates is the major source of the Euphrates. It was also called Arsanias in antiquity. The river originates near Mount Ararat north of Lake Van, in eastern Turkey, and flows westward for through mountainous area...

  • Tigris
    The Tigris River is the eastern member of the two great rivers that define Mesopotamia, the other being the Euphrates. The river flows south from the mountains of southeastern Turkey through Iraq.-Geography:...

    • Great Zab
      Great Zab
      The Great Zab , , , ) is an approximately long river flowing through Turkey and Iraq. It rises in Turkey near Lake Van and joins the Tigris in Iraq south of Mosul. The drainage basin of the Great Zab covers approximately , and during its course, the rivers collects the water from a large number...

        (in Turkish Büyükzap Suyu)
    • Khabur (Tigris)
      Khabur (Tigris)
      The Khabur is a river that begins in the Uludere district of the Şırnak Province, in the Eastern Anatolia Region in Turkey, it consists of a combination of small rivers that flow off the Bolkar mountain range south-east of Hakkâri...

    • Botan River
      Botan River
      The Botan River is a tributary of the Tigris River in Siirt Province of southeastern Turkey.It originates in the high mountains west of the Nordüz Plateau, which form the border of Siirt Province to Hakkari and Van, and flows eastwards before it turns to the northwest. The river has shaped a...

    • Batman River
      Batman River
      The Batman River is a major tributary of the Tigris, joining it near the source of Tigris called Dicle River in southeast Turkey. It originates in the Anti-Taurus Mountains and flows approximately from north to south, passing near the city of Batman and forming a natural border between the Batman...

    • Hezir River
      Hezil Suyu
      The Hezil Suyu is a river in south-eastern Turkey in the Eastern Anatolia Region which flows entirely in the Şırnak Province and is the natural border between Turkey and Iraq.The Hezil Suyu river does not flow in Iraqi territory and also does not flow across the city of Zakho but is located...

Flow into the Caspian Sea
Caspian Sea
The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the world's largest lake or a full-fledged sea. The sea has a surface area of and a volume of...

  • Kura River
    Kura River
    Kura is a river, also known from the Greek as the Cyrus in the Caucasus Mountains. Starting in north-eastern Turkey, it flows through Turkey to Georgia, then to Azerbaijan, where it receives the Aras River as a right tributary, and enters the Caspian Sea...

    • Aras River
      • Arpaçay River
        Akhurian River
        The Akhurian, Akhuriyan, Akhuryan or Akhouryan is a river in the South Caucasus. It originates in Armenia and flows from Lake Tseli south, along the border with Turkey, forming part of the geographic border between the two states, until it flows into the Aras River as a left tributary near Bagaran...

          (also known as Akhurian) is a tributary of the Aras. It arises in Armenia
        Armenia , officially the Republic of Armenia , is a landlocked mountainous country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia...

         and forms part of the border between Armenia and Turkey before joining the Aras.


  • Aegospotami
    Aegospotami or Aegospotamos is a small river issuing into the Hellespont, northeast of Sestos. At its mouth was the scene of the decisive battle in 405 B.C...

  • Asopus
    Asopus or Asôpos is the name of four different rivers in Greece and one in Turkey. In Greek mythology, it was the name of the gods of those rivers.-The rivers in Greece:...

  • Çapraz Çayı / Susurluk Çayı (ancient Macestus)
  • Hyllus (river)
    Hyllus (river)
    Hyllus or Hyllos was the ancient name of a river of Asia Minor. It is a tributary of the river Hermus, in Lydia, flowing into Hermus from the north. In the time of Strabo, the river was called Phrygius....

  • Lycus (river of Bithynia)
    Lycus (river of Bithynia)
    Lycus or Lykos was an ancient river of Bithynia. It flowed in the east of Bithynia in a westerly direction, and emptied itself into the Black Sea a little to the south of Heraclea Pontica, which was twenty stadia distant from it. The breadth of the river is stated to have been two plethra, and...

  • Lycus (river of Cilicia)
    Lycus (river of Cilicia)
    Lycus or Lykos was an ancient river of Cilicia, mentioned only by Pliny , that flowed between the Pyramus and Pinarus....

  • Lycus (river of Lydia)
    Lycus (river of Lydia)
    Lycus or Lykos was an ancient river of Lydia that flowed in a southwesterly direction by the town of Thyatira. Whether it emptied itself directly into the Hermus, or only after joining with the Hyllus, is uncertain. -References:*...

  • River Meles
    River Meles
    The river Meles is a stream charged with history and famous in literature, especially by virtue of being associated in a common and consistent tradition with Homer's birth and works, and which flowed by the ancient city of Smyrna, and a namesake of which flows through the present-day metropolitan...

  • Mezetli Su (anc. Liparis)
  • Pinarus River
    Pinarus River
    The Pinarus River is a small mountain spring fed stream famous in antiquity as the site of the First Battle of Issus, near a small coastal village or town which was reported to straddle the stream which by similar sources, was said to run red with blood after Alexander the Great leading his elite...

See also

  • Geography of Turkey
    Geography of Turkey
    Turkey is situated in Anatolia and the Balkans, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria. The geographic coordinates of the country lie at:...

  • Regions of Turkey
    Regions of Turkey
    The provinces of Turkey are organized into 7 census-defined regions , which were originally defined at the First Geography Congress in 1941. Regions as defined in this context is merely for statistical purposes and do not refer to an administrative division. Each region is listed below, with...

  • Lakes of Turkey
  • Dams of Turkey
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