s. Comprising the westernmost peninsula
, Europe is generally 'divided' from Asia
to its east by the watershed divides of the Ural
Mountains, the Ural River
, the Caspian
Seas, and the waterways
connecting the Black and Aegean
Seas. Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean
and other bodies of water to the north, the Atlantic Ocean
to the west, the Mediterranean Sea
to the south, and the Black Sea and connected waterways to the southeast.
1259 Kings Louis IX of France and Henry III of England agree to the Treaty of Paris, in which Henry renounces his claims to French-controlled territory on continental Europe (including Normandy) in exchange for Louis withdrawing his support for English rebels.
1488 Bartolomeu Dias of Portugal lands in Mossel Bay after rounding the Cape of Good Hope, becoming the first known European to travel so far south.
1492 Christopher Columbus becomes the first European to set foot on the island of Hispaniola, now Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
1500 Vicente Yáñez Pinzón becomes the first European to set foot on Brazil.
1500 Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral becomes the first European to sight Brazil.
1513 Juan Ponce de Leon sets foot on Florida, becoming the first European known to do so.
1520 After navigating through the South American strait, three ships under the command of Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan reach the Pacific Ocean, becoming the first Europeans to sail from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific.
1534 Jacques Cartier is the first European to discover the Saint Lawrence River.
1534 European colonization of the Americas: first known exchange between Europeans and natives of the Gulf of St. Lawrence in New Brunswick.
1602 Bartholomew Gosnold becomes the first European to see Cape Cod.
I have ever deemed it fundamental for the United States never to take active part in the quarrels of Europe. Their political interests are entirely distinct from ours... They are nations of eternal war.
Whoever lights the torch of war in Europe can wish for nothing but chaos.
You know what the funniest thing about Europe is? It’s the little differences.
A war between Europeans is a civil war.
That grand drama in a hundred acts, which is reserved for the next two centuries of Europe—the most terrible, most questionable and perhaps also the most hopeful of all dramas.
I doubt that the evil spirits of the past, under which we in Europe have already suffered more than enough this century, have been banished for ever.
There is no freedom in Europe - that's certain - it is besides a worn out portion of the globe.
Soon nostalgia will be another name for Europe.
I am worn down, and worn out, with crusading and defending Europe, and protecting mankind; I must think a little of myself.
Positively I sit here, and look at Europe sink, first one deck disappearing, then another, and the whole ship slowly plunging bow-down into the abyss; until the nightmare gets to be howling. The Roman Empire was a trifle to it.