Glasgow, Montana
Glasgow is a city in and the county seat
County seat
A county seat is an administrative center, or seat of government, for a county or civil parish. The term is primarily used in the United States....

 of Valley County
Valley County, Montana
-Demographics:As of the census of 2000, there were 7,675 people, 3,150 households, and 2,129 families residing in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile . There were 4,847 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile...

, Montana
Montana is a state in the Western United States. The western third of Montana contains numerous mountain ranges. Smaller, "island ranges" are found in the central third of the state, for a total of 77 named ranges of the Rocky Mountains. This geographical fact is reflected in the state's name,...

, United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

. The population was 3,253 at the 2000 census.


Glasgow was founded in 1887 as a railroad town by James J. Hill
James J. Hill
James Jerome Hill , was a Canadian-American railroad executive. He was the chief executive officer of a family of lines headed by the Great Northern Railway, which served a substantial area of the Upper Midwest, the northern Great Plains, and Pacific Northwest...

, who was responsible for creating many communities along the Hi-Line
The Hi-Line is a geographical term referring to the portion of the northern United States south of the Canadian border along which runs the main line of the BNSF Railway and U.S. Highway 2...

. The town was named after Glasgow
Glasgow is the largest city in Scotland and third most populous in the United Kingdom. The city is situated on the River Clyde in the country's west central lowlands...

 in Scotland
Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. Occupying the northern third of the island of Great Britain, it shares a border with England to the south and is bounded by the North Sea to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the...

. Glasgow grew during the 1930s when President Franklin Roosevelt authorized the construction of the Fort Peck Dam
Fort Peck Dam
The Fort Peck Dam is the highest of six major dams along the Missouri River, located in northeast Montana in the United States, near Glasgow, and adjacent to the community of Fort Peck...

, which became a major source of employment for the Glasgow area. In the 1960s the population rose to about 12,000 due to the nearby presence of the Glasgow Air Force Base
Glasgow Air Force Base
Glasgow Air Force Base is a former United States Air Force base located approximately north of the city of Glasgow, Valley County, Montana, not far from the Canadian border...

, used during the Vietnam War
Vietnam War
The Vietnam War was a Cold War-era military conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. This war followed the First Indochina War and was fought between North Vietnam, supported by its communist allies, and the government of...

 and the earlier part of the Cold War
Cold War
The Cold War was the continuing state from roughly 1946 to 1991 of political conflict, military tension, proxy wars, and economic competition between the Communist World—primarily the Soviet Union and its satellite states and allies—and the powers of the Western world, primarily the United States...

. After the de-activation and closure of the base in 1969, Glasgow's population declined.

Geography and climate

Glasgow is located at 48°11′54"N 106°38′7"W (48.198252, -106.635402).

According to the United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data...

, the city has a total area of 1.4 square miles (3.6 km²), all of it land. The town has an elevation of 2,093 feet and overlooks the Milk River
Milk River (Montana-Alberta)
The Milk River is a tributary of the Missouri River, long, in the United States state of Montana and the Canadian province of Alberta. Rising in the Rocky Mountains, the river drains a sparsely populated, semi-arid watershed of , ending just east of Fort Peck, Montana.-Geography:It is formed in...


Glasgow experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by Crimea German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen himself, notably in 1918 and 1936...

 BSk) with long, cold, dry winters and hot, wetter summers.


As of the census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...

of 2000, there were 3,253 people, 1,395 households, and 852 families residing in the city. The population density
Population density
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and particularly to humans...

 was 2,310.3 people per square mile (890.8/km²). There were 1,609 housing units at an average density of 1,142.7 per square mile (440.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.91% White, 0.12% African American, 3.50% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.31% from other races
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

, and 1.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were
1.08% of the population.

There were 1,395 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples
Marriage is a social union or legal contract between people that creates kinship. It is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually intimate and sexual, are acknowledged in a variety of ways, depending on the culture or subculture in which it is found...

 living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.9% were non-families. 34.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 21.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 88.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,491, and the median income for a family was $42,847. Males had a median income of $29,762 versus $16,496 for females. The per capita income
Per capita income
Per capita income or income per person is a measure of mean income within an economic aggregate, such as a country or city. It is calculated by taking a measure of all sources of income in the aggregate and dividing it by the total population...

 for the city was $16,246. About 4.9% of families and 9.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.2% of those under age 18 and 18.1% of those age 65 or over.

Notable natives and residents

  • Stacy Edwards
    Stacy Edwards
    Stacy Edwards is an American actress.Edwards was born in Glasgow, Montana, the daughter of Patty and Preston Edwards, who was an Air Force officer. She grew up all over the world, from Guam to Alabama. At 18, she received a scholarship to the Lou Conte Dance Studio in Chicago and began her...

     - actress.
  • Michael McFaul
    Michael McFaul
    Michael Anthony McFaul is a Stanford University professor and the nominee for United States Ambassador to Russia. Prior to his nomination to the ambassadorial position, McFaul worked for the U.S. National Security Council as Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director of Russian and...

     - nominated as next United States Ambassador to Russia.
  • Donald Grant Nutter
    Donald Grant Nutter
    Donald Grant Nutter was an American politician. A recipient of the Distinguished Flying Cross in World War II, Nutter served in the state senate and as the chair of the state Republican Party prior to being elected the 15th Governor of Montana in 1960...

    , 15th Governor of Montana
  • Tony Raines
    Tony Raines
    Floyd Anthony Raines is an American race car driver. He is a former National Touring Series champion in the now defunct American Speed Association and 1999 Rookie of the Year in the NASCAR Nationwide Series...

     - NASCAR
    The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing is a family-owned and -operated business venture that sanctions and governs multiple auto racing sports events. It was founded by Bill France Sr. in 1947–48. As of 2009, the CEO for the company is Brian France, grandson of the late Bill France Sr...

  • Steve Reeves
    Steve Reeves
    Stephen L. Reeves was an American bodybuilder and actor. At the peak of his career, he was the highest-paid actor in Europe.-Childhood:...

     - bodybuilder and actor.
  • Jerry Rosholt
    Jerry Rosholt
    Karlton Jerome Rosholt was an American journalist and author.-Background:Rosholt was born during 1923 in Glasgow, Montana. His parents were Carl Lauritz Rosholt and Ida Emilia Solem . He has one younger brother, Norman Tegnear Rosholt.Rosholt attended Luther College, but was interrupted by World...

    , journalist and author.
  • Brian Salonen
    Brian Salonen
    Brian Scott Salonen is a former American football tight end who played two seasons for the Dallas Cowboys in the National Football League...

    , National Football League
    National Football League
    The National Football League is the highest level of professional American football in the United States, and is considered the top professional American football league in the world. It was formed by eleven teams in 1920 as the American Professional Football Association, with the league changing...

  • Ronald Speirs
    Ronald Speirs
    Lieutenant Colonel Ronald C. Speirs was a United States Army officer who served in the U.S. 101st Airborne Division during World War II. He was initially a platoon leader in Company either "C" or "B" of the 2nd Battalion of the 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment...

    , U.S. Army officer, portrayed in the mini-series Band of Brothers
    Band of Brothers
    Band of Brothers is a 2001 ten-part, 11-hour television World War II miniseries based on the book of the same title written by historian and biographer Stephen E. Ambrose. The executive producers were Steven Spielberg and Tom Hanks, who had collaborated on the World War II film Saving Private Ryan...

  • Anthony Washington
    Anthony Washington
    Anthony Washington is a former American discus thrower, who competed in two consecutive Summer Olympics for his native country. At the 1999 World Championships in Seville, Washington won the gold medal in discus throw.His personal bests are 71.14 m in discus and 59.58 m in hammer throw...

    , Three-time Olympic athlete
    Olympic Games
    The Olympic Games is a major international event featuring summer and winter sports, in which thousands of athletes participate in a variety of competitions. The Olympic Games have come to be regarded as the world’s foremost sports competition where more than 200 nations participate...

    Discus throw
    The discus throw is an event in track and field athletics competition, in which an athlete throws a heavy disc—called a discus—in an attempt to mark a farther distance than his or her competitors. It is an ancient sport, as evidenced by the 5th century BC Myron statue, Discobolus...



Glasgow is on the Hi-Line
The Hi-Line is a geographical term referring to the portion of the northern United States south of the Canadian border along which runs the main line of the BNSF Railway and U.S. Highway 2...

 of the BNSF Railway
BNSF Railway
The BNSF Railway is a wholly owned subsidiary of Berkshire Hathaway Inc., and is headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas. It is one of seven North American Class I railroads and the second largest freight railroad network in North America, second only to the Union Pacific Railroad, its primary...

 and is served daily westbound and eastbound by Amtrak's
The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, doing business as Amtrak , is a government-owned corporation that was organized on May 1, 1971, to provide intercity passenger train service in the United States. "Amtrak" is a portmanteau of the words "America" and "track". It is headquartered at Union...

 Empire Builder
Empire Builder
The Empire Builder is a passenger train route operated by Amtrak in the Midwestern and Northwestern United States. It is Amtrak's busiest long-distance route and busiest daily train, carrying more than 500,000 travelers annually since 2007. Overall, it is the railroad's 10th-busiest line. Before...

. See also Glasgow (Amtrak station)
Glasgow (Amtrak station)
Glasgow, Montana is an Amtrak station in Glasgow, Montana. The station is served by Amtrak's daily Empire Builder. The station, platform, and parking are owned by BNSF Railway....


Glasgow is served by the Glasgow School District. There are three public schools in the district: Glasgow High School, the East Side School, and Irle Elementary.

External links

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