region of Eurasia
. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea
, to the north by Russia
, to the southwest by Turkey
, to the south by Armenia
, and to the southeast by Azerbaijan
. The capital of Georgia is Tbilisi
. Georgia covers a territory of 69,700 km² and its population is almost 4.7 million. Georgia is a unitary
republic, with the government elected through a representative democracy
During the classical era independent kingdoms became established in what is now Georgia.
1121 Battle of Didgori: the Georgian army under King David the Builder wins a decisive victory over the famous Seljuk commander Ilghazi.
1907 The first issue of the Georgian Bolshevik newspaper ''Dro'' is published.
1924 The Georgian opposition stages the August Uprising against the Soviet Union.
1978 1978 Tbilisi Demonstrations: Thousands of Georgians demonstrate against Soviet attempts to change the constitutional status of the Georgian language.
1989 The April 9 tragedy in Tbilisi, Georgian SSR an anti-Soviet peaceful demonstration and hunger strikes, demanding restoration of Georgian independence is dispersed by the Soviet army, resulting in 20 deaths and hundreds of injuries.
1990 South Ossetia declares its independence from Georgia.
1991 Zviad Gamsakhurdia becomes the first democratically elected President of the Republic of Georgia in the post-Soviet era.
1991 South Ossetia declares independence from Georgia.
1992 The Socialist Labour Party is founded in the nation of Georgia.
1992 Abkhazia declares independence from Georgia.