In common parlance, a pensioner is a person who has retired
Retirement is the point where a person stops employment completely. A person may also semi-retire by reducing work hours.Many people choose to retire when they are eligible for private or public pension benefits, although some are forced to retire when physical conditions don't allow the person to...

, and now collects a pension
In general, a pension is an arrangement to provide people with an income when they are no longer earning a regular income from employment. Pensions should not be confused with severance pay; the former is paid in regular installments, while the latter is paid in one lump sum.The terms retirement...

. This is a term typically used in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

 and Australia
Australia , officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area...

 where someone of pensionable age may also be referred to as an 'old age pensioner', or OAP
OAP may refer to:*OAP Tower, or Osaka Amenity Park Tower, plaza and office developments in Japan,*Old Age Pensioner - a person who has retired, and now collects a pension*One Australia policy - a proposal in the 1980s to limit Asian immigration to Australia...

. In the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

, the term retiree is more common. In many countries, increasing life expectancy
Life expectancy
Life expectancy is the expected number of years of life remaining at a given age. It is denoted by ex, which means the average number of subsequent years of life for someone now aged x, according to a particular mortality experience...

 has led to an expansion of the numbers of pensioners, and they are a growing political force.

Political parties

  • Gil, the Israeli Pensioners' Party
  • National Party of Retirees and Pensioners
    National Party of Retirees and Pensioners
    National Party of Retirees and Pensioners is a Polish minor left-wing political party.The main goal of KPEiR is protecting retired seniors, pensioners and trust-busting.The current leader is former Sejm Member Tomasz Mamiński....

     in Poland
    Poland , officially the Republic of Poland , is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north...

  • Party of United Pensioners of Serbia
    Party of United Pensioners of Serbia
    The Party of United Pensioners of Serbia is a political party in Serbia. Party leader is Jovan Krkobabić. The party took part in 2007 parliamentary election in coalition with the Social Democratic Party and won no seats...

  • Pensioners' Party
    Pensioners' Party (Italy)
    The Pensioners' Party is a centrist Italian political party. It was founded in 1987 in Milan and its current leader is Carlo Fatuzzo....

     in Northern Italy
    Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and...

  • Norwegian Pensioners Party
    Pensioners Party (Norway)
    The Pensioners' Party is a political party in Norway without parliamentary representation. It was founded in 1985 to work for the interests of pensioners. The party has never been elected to parliament, althouth former Arne Haukvik who was elected on the Centre Party list in 1993 joined the party...

  • Scottish Senior Citizens Unity Party
  • Swedish Senior Citizen Interest Party
    Swedish Senior Citizen Interest Party
    The Swedish Senior Citizen Interest Party is a political party in Sweden. , it holds no seats in parliament, but is represented in numerous local and regional councils.-External links:*...

Other uses

  • In the University of Cambridge
    University of Cambridge
    The University of Cambridge is a public research university located in Cambridge, United Kingdom. It is the second-oldest university in both the United Kingdom and the English-speaking world , and the seventh-oldest globally...

    , a pensioner is a student
    A student is a learner, or someone who attends an educational institution. In some nations, the English term is reserved for those who attend university, while a schoolchild under the age of eighteen is called a pupil in English...

     who is not a scholar or sizar
    At Trinity College, Dublin and the University of Cambridge, a sizar is a student who receives some form of assistance such as meals, lower fees or lodging during his or her period of study, in some cases in return for doing a defined job....

     and who pays for his or her tuition and commons. The term commoner
    In British law, a commoner is someone who is neither the Sovereign nor a peer. Therefore, any member of the Royal Family who is not a peer, such as Prince Harry of Wales or Anne, Princess Royal, is a commoner, as is any member of a peer's family, including someone who holds only a courtesy title,...

     may also be applied, especially at the University of Oxford
    University of Oxford
    The University of Oxford is a university located in Oxford, United Kingdom. It is the second-oldest surviving university in the world and the oldest in the English-speaking world. Although its exact date of foundation is unclear, there is evidence of teaching as far back as 1096...

  • A political pensioner
    Political pensioner
    A political pensioner enjoys a pension awarded due to his or political career or significance.-UK domestic politicians:By the British Political Offices Pension Act of 1869, pensions were instituted for those who had held political office...

     is a member of a formerly ruling dynasty who is paid a 'pension' (e.g. by the British raj) as a partial compensation for the income lost by not exercising an ancestral claim to a native throne
  • A Chelsea Pensioner
    Chelsea pensioner
    A Chelsea pensioner is an in-pensioner at the Royal Hospital Chelsea, a retirement home and nursing home for former members of the British Army located in Chelsea, London...

     is a retired British soldier who lives within the Royal Hospital
  • In the Thoroughbred
    The Thoroughbred is a horse breed best known for its use in horse racing. Although the word thoroughbred is sometimes used to refer to any breed of purebred horse, it technically refers only to the Thoroughbred breed...

    Horse breeding
    Horse breeding is reproduction in horses, and particularly the human-directed process of selective breeding of animals, particularly purebred horses of a given breed. Planned matings can be used to produce specifically desired characteristics in domesticated horses...

     industry, a pensioner is a stallion
    A Stallion is a male horse.Stallion may also refer to:* Stallion , an American pop rock group* Stallion , a figure in the Gobot toyline* Stallion , a character in the console role-playing game series...

     that has been retired from stud
    Stud (animal)
    A stud animal is a registered animal retained for breeding. The terms for the male of a given animal species usually imply that the animal is entire—that is, not castrated—and therefore capable of siring offspring...

     duty due to declining fertility (usually related to age).

See also

  • Elderly care
    Elderly care
    Elderly care or simply eldercare is the fulfillment of the special needs and requirements that are unique to senior citizens. This broad term encompasses such services as assisted living, adult day care, long term care, nursing homes, hospice care, and In-Home care.-Cultural and geographic...

  • ProtectSeniors.Org
    ProtectSeniors.Org is an American lobbying group founded in 2006 which is dedicated to the interests of corporate retirees in the United States...

  • Reminiscence therapy
    Reminiscence therapy
    Reminiscence therapy is used to counsel and support older people, and is an intervention technique with brain-injured patients. This form of therapeutic intervention respects the life and experiences of the individual with the aim to help the patient maintain good mental health.Often utilised in...

  • Senior citizen
    Senior citizen
    Senior citizen is a common polite designation for an elderly person in both UK and US English, and it implies or means that the person is retired. This in turn implies or in fact means that the person is over the retirement age, which varies according to country. Synonyms include pensioner in UK...

External links

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