Los Jaivas
Los Jaivas are a Chile
Chile ,officially the Republic of Chile , is a country in South America occupying a long, narrow coastal strip between the Andes mountains to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far...

an musical group who perform in folk, rock, and progressive rock
Progressive rock
Progressive rock is a subgenre of rock music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s as part of a "mostly British attempt to elevate rock music to new levels of artistic credibility." John Covach, in Contemporary Music Review, says that many thought it would not just "succeed the pop of...



Los Jaivas appeared in Chilean music in 1963 as a progressive-rock-andino group, mixing rock with South American ancestral music. The Parra brothers met Mario Mutis and Eduardo "Gato" Alquinta (gato is the Spanish
Spanish language
Spanish , also known as Castilian , is a Romance language in the Ibero-Romance group that evolved from several languages and dialects in central-northern Iberia around the 9th century and gradually spread with the expansion of the Kingdom of Castile into central and southern Iberia during the...

 word for cat) in their childhood and joined to play music. They acquired fame in Viña del Mar
Viña del Mar
Viña del Mar , is a city and commune on central Chile's Pacific coast. Its long stretches of white sandy beaches are a major attraction for national and international tourists. The city is Chile's main tourist attraction. Known as "La Ciudad Jardín" , Viña del Mar is a Chilean Municipality located...

, by playing at diverse parties and shows.

The band took refuge in Argentina
Argentina , officially the Argentine Republic , is the second largest country in South America by land area, after Brazil. It is constituted as a federation of 23 provinces and an autonomous city, Buenos Aires...

 after the military dictatorship took over in Chile. In 1977; they headed to France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

, where they resided for a long time. The first major change in the band occurred in 1988 when Gabriel died in Peru
Peru , officially the Republic of Peru , is a country in western South America. It is bordered on the north by Ecuador and Colombia, on the east by Brazil, on the southeast by Bolivia, on the south by Chile, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean....

 in a car crash. His daughter Juanita took his place behind the drums.

In January 2003, the main singer, Gato Alquinta, died in Coquimbo
Coquimbo is a port city, commune and capital of the Elqui Province, located on the Pan-American Highway, in the Coquimbo Region of Chile. Coquimbo lies in a valley south of La Serena, with which it forms Greater La Serena with more than 400,000 inhabitants. The commune spans an area around the...

, Chile, of a heart attack while swimming in the sea. Gatos three sons soon joined the band to replace him: Ankatu (guitar), Eloy (saxophone) and Aurora (vocals). Aurora left shortly after, and Eloy died of a heart attack in 2004 http://www.lanacion.cl/p4_lanacion/antialone.html?page=http://www.lanacion.cl/p4_lanacion/site/artic/20040315/pags/20040315102743.html. Ankatu, however, is still a member of the band.


The former name of the band was High-bass, which related to their differences in height, although another source mentions that it was because the bass guitar played at a very high volume compared to the other instruments. However, they quickly realized that an English-sounding name was not appropriate for a folk band, so they changed it to Jaivas (HIGH-BASS), a "Chileanized" pronunciation of "high bass" which ignores the fact that bass rhymes with base in English. The spelling of Jaivas is also a word play with the word Jaibas, which means crab
True crabs are decapod crustaceans of the infraorder Brachyura, which typically have a very short projecting "tail" , or where the reduced abdomen is entirely hidden under the thorax...

s in Spanish.


  • Ankatu Alquinta (vocals, guitar)
  • Juanita Parra (drums)
  • Mario Mutis
    Mario Mutis
    Mario Mutis is the bass player in the Chilean progressive rock-folk band Los Jaivas.- References :...

     (vocals, electric guitar, bass, percussion)
  • Claudio Parra (piano, vocals)
  • Francisco Bosco (saxophone, organ)
  • Carlos Cabezas
    Carlos Cabezas
    Carlos Eduardo Cabezas Jurado is a Spanish professional basketball player. He is the nephew of the former Uruguayan professional footballer Hugo Cabezas, who played in Spain in the late 70s. His father and his grandfather are also former Uruguayan professional basketball players. He is 1.87 m tall...

     (charango, vocals, violin, flute)

Former members

  • Gabriel Parra
    Gabriel Parra
    Gabriel Parra was the former drummer of Chilean folk group "Los Jaivas". He died in a crash in Peru in 1988. His daughter Juanita Parra replaced him as drummer in Los Jaivas after his death....

     † (drums)
  • Eduardo "Gato" Alquinta
    Eduardo Alquinta
    Eduardo "Gato" Alquinta was a singer in the folk group Los Jaivas, Chile's longest-surviving group. He died of a heart attack while on vacation in Coquimbo, Chile....

     † (vocals, guitar)
  • Eduardo Parra
    Eduardo Parra
    Eduardo Parra is a member of the Chilean rock fusion band Los Jaivas. He is the oldest of the Parra brothers . Eduardo plays the keyboards and some percussion instruments.-Poetry:He wrote several poetry books, including:*La Puerta Giratoria.Ediciones Rivera Scott...

     (organ, percussion)
  • Eloy Alquinta † (vocals, saxophone, percussion)
  • Aurora Alquinta (vocals)
  • Carlos Eduardo Gonzalez (guitar)


  • La Vorágine I, Pan Negro 1969-70
  • La Vorágine II, La Reforma 1969-70
  • La Vorágine III, El Tótem 1969-70
  • La Vorágine IV, Mucha Intensidad 1969-70
  • El Volantín 1971
  • Todos juntos 1972
  • Palomita blanca (Movie soundtrack) 1973 (Released in 1995)
  • Sueños de América 1974
  • Los Jaivas (El indio) 1975
  • Canción Del Sur 1977
  • Mambo de Machaguay (Compilation) 1978
  • Alturas de Macchu Picchu (based on lyrics from The Heights of Macchu Picchu by Pablo Neruda
    Pablo Neruda
    Pablo Neruda was the pen name and, later, legal name of the Chilean poet, diplomat and politician Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto. He chose his pen name after Czech poet Jan Neruda....

    ) 1981
  • Aconcagua 1982
  • Obras de Violeta Parra 1984
  • Si tu no estás 1989
  • Hijos de la Tierra 1995
  • Trilogia: El Rencuentro 1997
  • Mamalluca 1999
  • En El Bar-Restaurant Lo Que Nunca Se Supo (Compilation) 2000
  • Los Jaivas En Concierto: Gira Chile 2000 (Live) 2000
  • Arrebol 2001
  • Obras Cumbres (Compilation) 2003
  • La Vorágine I, Pan Negro (Improvisations 1969-70) 2003
  • La Vorágine II, La Reforma (Improvisations 1969-70) 2003
  • La Vorágine III, El Tótem (Improvisations 1969-70) 2003
  • La Vorágine IV, Mucha Intensidad (Improvisations 1969-70) 2003
  • La Vorágine V, ¿Qué Hacer? (Improvisations 1969-70) 2003
  • Serie de Oro: Grandes Exitos (Compilation) 2004

External links

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