officially the Republic of Chile ( reˈpuβlika ðe ˈtʃile), is a country in South America
occupying a long, narrow coastal strip between the Andes
mountains to the east and the Pacific Ocean
to the west. It borders Peru
to the north, Bolivia
to the northeast, Argentina
to the east, and the Drake Passage
in the far south. Along with Ecuador
, it is one of two countries in South America that do not border Brazil
. The Pacific coastline of Chile is 78,563.2 kilometres.
1550 Foundation of Concepción, city in Chile.
1553 Battle of Tucapel: Mapuche rebels under Lautaro defeats the Spanish conquistadors and executes the governor of Chile, Pedro de Valdivia.
1574 Discovery of the Juan Fernández Islands off Chile.
1810 First Government Junta in Chile. Though supposed to rule only in the absence of the king, it is in fact the first step towards independence from Spain, and is commemorated as such.
1811 José Miguel Carrera, Chilean founding father, is sworn in as President of the executive Junta of the government of Chile.
1813 Instituto Nacional, is founded by the Chilean patriot José Miguel Carrera. It is Chile's oldest and most prestigious school. Its motto is ''Labor Omnia Vincit'', which means "Work conquers all things".
1814 Battle of Rancagua: Spanish Royalists troops under Mariano Osorio defeated rebel Chilean forces of Bernardo O'Higgins and Jose Miguel Carrera.
1817 An army of 5,423 soldiers, led by General José de San Martín, crosses the Andes from Argentina to liberate Chile and then Peru.
1817 The Argentinian San Martín crosses the Andes with an army in order to liberate Chile from Spanish rule.
1817 Las Heras crosses the Andes with an army to join San Martín and liberate Chile from Spain.