For alternative meanings, see Argentina (disambiguation)
Argentina (disambiguation)
Argentina is a country in South America.Argentina may also refer to:* The name of Argentina* La Argentina, the stage name of Antonia Mercé y Luque , an Argentine flamenco dancer...

 and Argentine (disambiguation)
Argentine (disambiguation)
Argentine, Argentinian, and Argentinean refer to anything that originates in Argentina, a country in South America. It may also be used to refer to silver...


Argentina , officially the Argentine Republic , is the second largest country in South America
South America
South America is a continent situated in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere. The continent is also considered a subcontinent of the Americas. It is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the north and east...

 by land area, after Brazil
Brazil , officially the Federative Republic of Brazil , is the largest country in South America. It is the world's fifth largest country, both by geographical area and by population with over 192 million people...

. It is constituted as a federation
Federalism is a political concept in which a group of members are bound together by covenant with a governing representative head. The term "federalism" is also used to describe a system of the government in which sovereignty is constitutionally divided between a central governing authority and...

 of 23 provinces
Provinces of Argentina
Argentina is subdivided into twenty-three provinces and one autonomous city...

 and an autonomous city
Autonomous city
Autonomous city is a type of administrative division.-Argentina:The 1994 amendment of the Argentine Constitution granted Buenos Aires city, formerly a federal district of Argentina, the status of autonomous, and changed its formal name to Autonomous City of Buenos Aires .Another large city that is...

, Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires is the capital and largest city of Argentina, and the second-largest metropolitan area in South America, after São Paulo. It is located on the western shore of the estuary of the Río de la Plata, on the southeastern coast of the South American continent...

. It is the eighth-largest country in the world by land area and the largest among Spanish-speaking nations
Hispanophone or Hispanosphere denotes Spanish language speakers and the Spanish-speaking world. The word derives from the Latin political name of the Iberian Peninsula, Hispania, which comprised basically the territory of the modern states of Spain and Portugal.Hispanophones are estimated at...


Argentina's continental area is between the Andes
The Andes is the world's longest continental mountain range. It is a continual range of highlands along the western coast of South America. This range is about long, about to wide , and of an average height of about .Along its length, the Andes is split into several ranges, which are separated...

 mountain range
Mountain range
A mountain range is a single, large mass consisting of a succession of mountains or narrowly spaced mountain ridges, with or without peaks, closely related in position, direction, formation, and age; a component part of a mountain system or of a mountain chain...

 in the west and the Atlantic Ocean in the east.