Filadelfia de Guanacaste
Filadelfia is the first district and main city of Carrillo
Carrillo Canton
Carrillo is the fifth canton in the province of Guanacaste in Costa Rica. The canton covers an area of 577.54 km², and has a population of 29,298. Its capital city is Filadelfia. The name of the canton is in honor of former head of state Braulio Carrillo Colina.The canton is shaped like a...

 in Guanacaste
Guanacaste Province
Guanacaste is a province of Costa Rica located in the northwestern part of the country, along the coast of the Pacific Ocean. To the north it borders Nicaragua. To the east is the Alajuela Province, and to the southeast is the Puntarenas Province. It is the most sparsely populated of all the...

, Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica , officially the Republic of Costa Rica is a multilingual, multiethnic and multicultural country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Caribbean Sea to the east....

. This district has 7,814 inhabitants and 125.01 km². It was declared an archaeological city because of all the indigenous cemeteries found near the Tempisque River. The town was formerly known as Siete Cueros (seven leather trees
Tibouchina is a genus of about 350 species of neotropical plants in the family Melastomataceae. They are trees, shrubs or subshrubs growing 0.5–25 m tall, and are known as glory bushes or glory trees. They are native to rainforests of Mexico, the Caribbean, and South America, especially Brazil...

). It was named for the abundance of the trees with this name. No one knows why the name was changed.


After the first quarter of the 19th century, Sietecueros neighbors make a petition to the supreme government of Costa Rica, (Braulio Carrillo Colina
Braulio Carrillo Colina
Braulio Evaristo Carrillo Colina was the Head of State of Costa Rica during two periods: the first between 1835 to 1837, and the de facto between 1838 and 1842.Before becoming head of state, Carrillo held a number of public positions, including Judge and Chairman of the...

 was the then president), which was to segregate them from the town of Santa Cruz and add them to Guanacaste City
Liberia Canton
Liberia is the first canton in the province of Guanacaste in Costa Rica. The canton covers an area of 1,436.47 km², and has a population of 50,359. Its capital is the provincial capital city of Liberia....

, in civil and ecclesiastical aspects. To which took into account the proximity and close relationship with Guanacaste City. This request was approved by Decree 5 Articles 82 of the constitution of the state.

On October 18, 1915, the category of town was granted to Filadelfia. Later, on June 11, 1947, under the administration of Teodoro Picado Michalski
Teodoro Picado Michalski
Teodoro Picado Michalski was the President of Costa Rica from 1944 to 1948.-Overview:Teodoro Picado governed Costa Rica immediately after the presidency of Rafael Angel Calderón Guardia and preceded the de facto junta of José Figueres...

, Law No. 864 awarded the town the title of city.

Filadelfia's name was given in 1877 in honor of Filadelfo Soto who was a soldier.

During the episcopate of Bishop Bernardo Augusto Thiel Hoffman, second bishop of Costa Rica in 1894, the parish was erected, dedicated to James, son of Zebedee, the church is currently a suffragan of the Diocese of Tilarán
Roman Catholic Diocese of Tilarán
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Tilarán is a suffragan diocese of the Archdiocese of San José de Costa Rica.-Ordinaries:*Román Arrieta Villalobos *Héctor Morera Vega - Bishop Emeritus...



The district borders with Liberia
Liberia Canton
Liberia is the first canton in the province of Guanacaste in Costa Rica. The canton covers an area of 1,436.47 km², and has a population of 50,359. Its capital is the provincial capital city of Liberia....

 to the north, Santa Cruz and Belén district to the south, Bagaces
Bagaces Canton
Bagaces is the fourth canton in the province of Guanacaste in Costa Rica. The canton covers an area of 1,273.49 km², and has a population of 17,087. Its capital city is also called Bagaces....

 to the east and Palmira district to the west.

Filadelfia is located right in the center of Tempisque Valley, which is described as an orographic valley, surrounded by a range of hills with a height not exceeding 200 m.

Hydrography & Climate

The district is drained by the Tempisque River which provides easy access to the Gulf of Nicoya. The temperature is very hot and averages between 27 and 28 °C in the rainy season and during summer between 34 and 36 °C.

Filadelfia city is located near the banks of Rio Tempisque and Rio Las Palmas. Due to the ocean-atmosphere phenomenon known as El niño, these two rivers have caused serious floods in the months of October in 1995 (the first flood since the 1960s), 1999 and 2007.


One of the attractions offered by this district are the archaeological investigations which have found variety of pieces dating back thousands of years, which is why it is known as Archaeological City, however, the municipality officially seeks that title by executive decree, with the purpose of developing an entire project to publicize and promote this area of archaeological treasures that come from 800 BC to 1500 AD, belonging to periods polychrome Old, Middle and Late.

Pre-Columbian Roads

The different archaeological studies conducted in this region, refer to various types of roads and paths, used by ancient people. Among them stand out paved rocky roads and made by soil.

The other type of archaeological interest are the paths of land, whether it is lumpy or not. In the place known as La Ceiba, there was a road of this type. The path was about 40–50 cm wide, indicating that people walk in single file, i.e. one after the other. In this case it seems that caked sand was used in its construction, perhaps that is because the state of conservation.


In the district there are two companies that produce income millionaires with their products from sugar cane and melons.

El Viejo Mill

Azucarera El Viejo, S.A. is a Costa Rican company dedicated to growing sugar cane and sugar production. The company annually produces 50 thousand tons of sugar in the forms of raw, white, and special; by the industrial processing of half a million tonnes of cane grown by over 500 farmers in the Tempisque Basin. Its strong commitments to quality, environment, customers and partners, have formed an important basis for obtaining ISO-9001 2000 and various awards including the Prize for Excellence in various categories.
However, the design of social good is part of their slogans. Thus the construction of a wildlife refuge and implementing a wetland restoration program, constitute a commitment to the environment, and at the same time, the sponsor of a scholarship program, active cooperation with neighboring communities and permanent employment of 400 employees that is increased in the period of harvest.

In related activities may be mentioned the cogeneration of electricity from biomass, production of feed supplement for ruminants and a farm that is receiving national and foreign tourists to enjoy various activities related to the area. It also has a private wildlife reserve of more than 2000 hectares. In this reserve, preserves and protects a large amount of flora and fauna of dry tropical forest in the region.

Melon Company

Melones de Costa Rica, S.A. started in 1988 in Filadelfia as a second project. Production is 100% for export to countries like the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

 and Europe
Europe is, by convention, one of the world's seven continents. Comprising the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, Europe is generally 'divided' from Asia to its east by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas, and the waterways connecting...

. One of the benefits that this crop is brought employment to many people.

Melon planting starts in November and ends in February, is collected from January to early May, the vegetative cycle for production is 60 days.

Melon varieties used are the cantaloupe
"Rockmelon" redirects here, for the band see Rockmelons. See also Cantaloupe .Cantaloupe refers to a variety of Cucumis melo, a species in the family Cucurbitaceae which includes nearly all melons and squashes. Cantaloupes range in size from...

, which produces approximately 1,200 boxes per hectare, which is considered a good production, other variety cultivated is honeydew
Honeydew (melon)
Honeydew is a cultivar group of the muskmelon, Cucumis melo Inodorus group, which includes crenshaw, casaba, Persian, winter, and other mixed melons.-Characteristics:...

 that produces about 2,000 boxes per hectare average. The market price of the latter is lower. The export of melon requires strict control of product quality and optimum temperature and adequate transportation.

Sports & Cultural

The city held some activities during the first fortnight of July. This is called "Cultural and Sports Week." Activities include recreation for children and adults as well as masses:

  • Sports
  1. Cycling
    Cycling, also called bicycling or biking, is the use of bicycles for transport, recreation, or for sport. Persons engaged in cycling are cyclists or bicyclists...

  2. Chess
    Chess is a two-player board game played on a chessboard, a square-checkered board with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight grid. It is one of the world's most popular games, played by millions of people worldwide at home, in clubs, online, by correspondence, and in tournaments.Each player...

  3. Soccer
  4. Basketball
    Basketball is a team sport in which two teams of five players try to score points by throwing or "shooting" a ball through the top of a basketball hoop while following a set of rules...

  5. Futsal
    Futsal is a variant of association football that is played on a smaller pitch and mainly played indoors. Its name is a portmanteau of the Portuguese futebol de salão and the Spanish fútbol de salón , which can be translated as "hall football" or "indoor football"...

  • Cultural
  1. Typical dances
  2. Parades
  3. Theatre
  4. Interpretation of regional songs and music
  5. Typical meals


  • As well of the rest of the country, Filadelfia celebrates the Holy Week
    Holy Week
    Holy Week in Christianity is the last week of Lent and the week before Easter...

     with all its processions
    Holy Week procession
    A Holy Week procession is an event taking place in Holy Week, most often in a country with traditional Roman Catholic culture.*Palm Sunday: The day when Jesus arrived in Jerusalem....

    , masses, prayers and formalities.

  • In July are celebrated the patron saint activities to Santiago Mayor. Activities include: selling food, masses and other religious events.

  • "Los Portales" (The Mangers) is an activity of the place held on each December 24
    Christmas Eve
    Christmas Eve refers to the evening or entire day preceding Christmas Day, a widely celebrated festival commemorating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth that takes place on December 25...

    , which begins at 5 pm and ends at 8 pm. This tradition is like a combination of Las Posadas (Mexico
    The United Mexican States , commonly known as Mexico , is a federal constitutional republic in North America. It is bordered on the north by the United States; on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; on the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and on the east by the Gulf of...

     & Spain
    Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...

    ) and Trick-or-treating
    Trick-or-treating or "Guising", is a customary practice for children on Halloween in many countries. Children in costumes travel from house to house in order to ask for treats such as candy with the question "Trick or treat?"...

     (United States
    United States
    The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

    ). This celebration consists of going to the houses of the town where there is a manger
    A manger is a trough or box of carved stone or wood construction used to hold food for animals . Mangers are mostly used in livestock raising. They are also used to feed wild animals, e.g., in nature reserves...

    . The goal is to visit the baby Jesus
    Child Jesus
    The Child Jesus represents Jesus from his Nativity to age 12. At 13 he was considered to be adult, in accordance with the Jewish custom of his time, and that of most Christian cultures until recent centuries.The Child Jesus is frequently depicted in art, from around the third or fourth century...

     and give a small charity (Almsgiving is usually
    Costa Rican colón
    The colón is the currency of Costa Rica. The plural is colones in Spanish, but English speakers often say colons instead. The ISO 4217 code is CRC....

    5 to ₡20, equivalent to $0.03, and it is voluntary). When the alms is presented to the baby Jesus, the owner of the house gives another present to the one who gives the almsgiving, this may be a drink (usually chicha), appetizers, candy or small gifts. Children are the ones who enjoy more these activities, they are accompanied by their parents. There is no ceremony or ritual done during the visit, is only the act of visiting.
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