Admiral of the Fleet (Royal Navy)
Admiral of the fleet is the highest rank of the British Royal Navy
The Royal Navy is the naval warfare service branch of the British Armed Forces. Founded in the 16th century, it is the oldest service branch and is known as the Senior Service...
and other navies, which equates to the NATO rank code OF-10. The rank still exists in the Royal Navy but routine appointments ceased in 1996.
Admiral of the fleet is equivalent to a five-star rank, equivalent to a marshal of the Royal Air Force
Marshal of the Royal Air Force
Marshal of the Royal Air Force is the highest rank in the Royal Air Force. In peacetime it was granted to RAF officers in the appointment of Chief of the Defence Staff, and to retired Chiefs of the Air Staff, who were promoted to it on their last day of service. Promotions to the rank have ceased...
or a field marshal
Field Marshal (UK)
Field Marshal is the highest military rank of the British Army. It ranks immediately above the rank of General and is the Army equivalent of an Admiral of the Fleet and a Marshal of the Royal Air Force....
in the British Army.
Admiral of the fleet is also used as a title in some of the world's militaries for the most senior officer of the fleet or Commander-in-Chief of the Navy. In the German Kriegsmarine
The Kriegsmarine was the name of the German Navy during the Nazi regime . It superseded the Kaiserliche Marine of World War I and the post-war Reichsmarine. The Kriegsmarine was one of three official branches of the Wehrmacht, the unified armed forces of Nazi Germany.The Kriegsmarine grew rapidly...
of the Second World War, the equivalent rank was grand admiral
Grand admiral is a historic naval rank, generally being the highest such rank present in any particular country. Its most notable use was in Germany — the German word is Großadmiral.-France:...
History in Royal NavyThe rank evolved from the ancient sailing days and the admiral distinctions then used by the Royal Navy. The British fleet was divided into three divisions and each designated a colour
Color or colour is the visual perceptual property corresponding in humans to the categories called red, green, blue and others. Color derives from the spectrum of light interacting in the eye with the spectral sensitivities of the light receptors...
, that of red, white, or blue. Each coloured division was assigned an admiral
Admiral is the rank, or part of the name of the ranks, of the highest naval officers. It is usually considered a full admiral and above vice admiral and below admiral of the fleet . It is usually abbreviated to "Adm" or "ADM"...
, who in turn had command over a vice admiral
Vice admiral is a senior naval rank of a three-star flag officer, which is equivalent to lieutenant general in the other uniformed services. A vice admiral is typically senior to a rear admiral and junior to an admiral...
and a rear admiral
Rear admiral is a naval commissioned officer rank above that of a commodore and captain, and below that of a vice admiral. It is generally regarded as the lowest of the "admiral" ranks, which are also sometimes referred to as "flag officers" or "flag ranks"...
. In the 18th century, the original nine ranks began to be filled by more than one person per rank. The admiral of the fleet commanded the admirals of the various divisions and thus, the entirety of the British fleet.
The organisation of the British fleet into coloured squadrons was abandoned in 1864, with the Royal Navy keeping the White Ensign
The White Ensign or St George's Ensign is an ensign flown on British Royal Navy ships and shore establishments. It consists of a red St George's Cross on a white field with the Union Flag in the upper canton....
. By this time, the position admiral of the fleet had already become an honorary promotion; when the position of professional head of the Royal Navy was given the name of First Naval Lord
First Sea Lord
The First Sea Lord is the professional head of the Royal Navy and the whole Naval Service; it was formerly known as First Naval Lord. He also holds the title of Chief of Naval Staff, and is known by the abbreviations 1SL/CNS...
in 1828 (renamed First Sea Lord in 1904), admiral of the fleet became an honorary promotion for retiring First Naval Lords. This allowed multiple honorary admirals of the fleet to co-exist throughout the history of the rank.
Between 1811 and 1988, six admirals of the fleet were granted to honour four members of foreign royalty and two members of British royalty. Of the British royalty granted the rank admiral of the fleet, HRH The Duke of Clarence and St Andrews
William IV of the United Kingdom
William IV was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of Hanover from 26 June 1830 until his death...
(later King William IV) had actively served as a rear admiral, while HRH The Prince of Wales
Edward VII of the United Kingdom
Edward VII was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death in 1910...
(later King Edward VII) never served in the Royal Navy.
When the position Chief of the Defence Staff
Chief of the Defence Staff (United Kingdom)
The Chief of the Defence Staff is the professional head of the British Armed Forces, a senior official within the Ministry of Defence, and the most senior uniformed military adviser to the Secretary of State for Defence and the Prime Minister...
was created in 1959, admirals who became overall Chief of the Defence Staff were also granted an active promotion to admiral of the fleet, with the active NATO rank code OF-10. Since 1997, recognizing the reduced post-Cold War
The Cold War was the continuing state from roughly 1946 to 1991 of political conflict, military tension, proxy wars, and economic competition between the Communist World—primarily the Soviet Union and its satellite states and allies—and the powers of the Western world, primarily the United States...
size of the British Armed Forces would not require an Army field marshal (equivalent to admiral of the fleet), the Chief of the Defence Staff has been appointed at the NATO OF-9 rank of admiral
Admiral (United Kingdom)
Admiral is a senior rank of the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom, which equates to the NATO rank code OF-9, outranked only by the rank Admiral of the Fleet...
(or equivalent general
General (United Kingdom)
General is currently the highest peace-time rank in the British Army and Royal Marines. It is subordinate to the Army rank of Field Marshal, has a NATO-code of OF-9, and is a four-star rank....
or air chief marshal
Air Chief Marshal
Air chief marshal is a senior 4-star air-officer rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force...
). During this period, five admirals were promoted to active admirals of the fleet and Chief of Defence Staff.
The practice of the honorary promotion to admiral of the fleet also ceased after 1996, though the rank still exists for potential honorary or active use. The last honorary promotion to admiral of the fleet was the 1995 promotion of Sir Benjamin Bathurst, when he retired as First Sea Lord.
British admirals of the fleet
| Appointed|| Name|| Born|| Died|
|1690||(later Earl of Orford)||1652||1727|
|21 December||1708|| Sir Stafford Fairborne
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Stafford Fairborne was a Royal Navy officer and politician who represented Rochester as a Member of Parliament from 1705 to 1710.-Naval career:...
|14 March||1718|| Sir George Byng
George Byng, 1st Viscount Torrington
Admiral of the Fleet George Byng, 1st Viscount Torrington, KB PC was a British naval officer and statesman of the late 17th and early 18th centuries. His career included service as First Lord of the Admiralty during the reign of King George II.-Naval career:Byng was born at Wrotham, Kent, England...
(later Viscount Torrington)
|20 February||1734||Sir John Norris||1670||1749|
|1 July||1749|| Sir Chaloner Ogle
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Chaloner Ogle was a British naval commander during the War of the Austrian Succession.-Naval career:Born the son of John Ogle, a Newcastle barrister, Ogle came from the Kirkley Hall branch of the prominent Northumbrian Ogle family of Northumberland...
|22 November||1751|| James Steuart
James Steuart (Royal Navy officer)
Admiral of the Fleet James Steuart was a Royal Navy officer who rose to prominence during the War of the Austrian Succession.-Naval career:...
|March||1757|| The Hon. George Clinton
George Clinton (British politician)
Admiral of the Fleet The Hon. George Clinton was a British naval officer and political leader who served as the colonial governor of Newfoundland in 1731 and of New York from 1743 to 1753....
|30 July||1761|| The Lord Anson
George Anson, 1st Baron Anson
Admiral of the Fleet George Anson, 1st Baron Anson PC, FRS, RN was a British admiral and a wealthy aristocrat, noted for his circumnavigation of the globe and his role overseeing the Royal Navy during the Seven Years' War...
|17 December||1762|| Sir William Rowley
William Rowley (Royal Navy officer)
Admiral of the Fleet Sir William Rowley KB was a British naval commander who distinguished himself during the War of the Austrian Succession and also became a Member of Parliament.-Naval career:...
|15 January||1768|| Sir Edward Hawke
Edward Hawke, 1st Baron Hawke
Admiral of the Fleet Edward Hawke, 1st Baron Hawke KB, PC was an officer of the Royal Navy. He is best remembered for his service during the Seven Years' War, particularly his victory over a French fleet at the Battle of Quiberon Bay in 1759, preventing a French invasion of Britain...
(later Lord Hawke)
|24 October||1781||The Hon. John Forbes||1714||1796|
|12 March||1796|| The Earl Howe
Richard Howe, 1st Earl Howe
Admiral of the Fleet Richard Howe, 1st Earl Howe KG was a British naval officer, notable in particular for his service during the American War of Independence and French Revolutionary Wars. He was the brother of William Howe and George Howe.Howe joined the navy at the age of thirteen and served...
|16 September||1799|| Sir Peter Parker
Sir Peter Parker, 1st Baronet
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Peter Parker, 1st Baronet was a British naval officer.-Naval career:Peter Parker was born probably in Ireland. He became a lieutenant in the Royal Navy in 1743 and captain in 1747. In 1761, he took command of HMS Buckingham and helped cover operations on Belle Île...
|24 December||1811|| HRH The Duke of Clarence and St Andrews
William IV of the United Kingdom
William IV was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of Hanover from 26 June 1830 until his death...
(later King William IV)
|1765||1837||honorary, did serve as a rear admiral|
|29 January||1820|| The Earl of St Vincent
John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent
Admiral of the Fleet John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent GCB, PC was an admiral in the Royal Navy and Member of Parliament in the United Kingdom...
|1735||1823||acting from May 1814|
|28 June||1830|| William Williams-Freeman
William Peere Williams-Freeman
William Peere Williams-Freeman was an officer in the Royal Navy, eventually becoming admiral of the fleet for a brief period before his death at the age of 90.-Family and early life:Williams was born in Peterborough on 6 January 1742, the son of Frederick Williams,...
|22 July||1830|| The Lord Gambier
James Gambier, 1st Baron Gambier
Admiral of the Fleet James Gambier, 1st Baron Gambier GCB was an admiral of the Royal Navy, who served as Governor of Newfoundland, and as a Lord of the Admiralty, but who gained notoriety for his actions at the Battle of the Basque Roads.-Early career:Gambier was born in New Providence, The...
|22 July||1830||Sir Charles Pole||1757||1830|
|24 April||1833|| Sir Charles Nugent
Charles Edmund Nugent
Sir Charles Edmund Nugent was a British admiral. Joining the Navy in 1771, he rose through the ranks during the American War of Independence, primarily active against Spain in the West Indies. He saw action at the 1776 Battle of Sullivan's Island and the 1779 Battle of San Fernando de Omoa...
|8 January||1844|| Sir James Whitshed
Admiral of the Fleet Sir James Hawkins-Whitshed, 1st Baronet GCB was a British naval officer.-Naval career:Hawkins-Whitshed joined the Royal Navy in 1777, and was promoted to Lieutenant the following year. In 1780 he took part in the British victory at Battle of Cape St...
|9 November||1846|| Sir George Martin
George Martin (Royal Navy officer)
Admiral of the Fleet Sir George Martin GCB, GCMG was an officer of the Royal Navy who saw service during the American War of Independence, and the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars...
|13 October||1849|| Sir Thomas Byam Martin
Thomas Byam Martin
Admiral Sir Thomas Byam Martin, GCB was a highly influential British Royal Navy officer who served at sea during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars and then as a naval administrator until his death in 1854...
|1 July||1851|| Sir George Cockburn
Admiral of the Fleet Sir George Cockburn, 10th Baronet GCB was a British naval commander of the late 18th through the mid-19th centuries. He held important commands during the Napoleonic Wars and the War of 1812 and eventually rose to become Admiral of the Fleet and First Sea Lord.-Naval...
|8 December||1857|| Sir Charles Ogle
Sir Charles Ogle, 2nd Baronet
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Charles Ogle, 2nd Baronet was an officer in the Royal Navy.-Naval career:Born the eldest son of Admiral Sir Chaloner Ogle, 1st Baronet, Ogle joined the Royal Navy in 1787....
|25 June||1858|| Sir John West
John West (Royal Navy officer)
Admiral of the Fleet Sir John West GCB was a Royal Navy officer who went on to be Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth.-Naval career:...
|20 May||1862|| Sir William Gage
William Hall Gage
Admiral of the Fleet Sir William Hall Gage GCB GCH was Second Sea Lord in the British Navy.-Naval career:Born the third son of General Thomas Gage, Gage joined the Royal Navy in 1789. In 1797 he was given command of the frigate HMS Terpsichore and sailed in the Mediterranean to conduct the Siege...
|10 November||1862|| Sir Graham Hamond
Sir Graham Hamond, 2nd Baronet
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Graham Eden Hamond, 2nd Baronet GCB was a Royal Navy officer who served during the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars....
|27 April||1863|| Sir Francis Austen
Sir Francis William Austen, GCB was a British officer who spent most of his long life on active duty in the Royal Navy, rising to the position of Admiral of the Fleet.-Background:...
|27 April||1863|| Sir William Parker
William Parker (admiral)
Admiral of the Fleet Sir William Parker, 1st Baronet, GCB , was a Royal Navy officer. He was born in Almington, Staffordshire, England. He was not related to the previous Admiral Sir William Parker. His father, George Parker, was the second son of Sir Thomas Parker, who had been Lord Chief Baron of...
|11 January||1864||Sir Lucius Curtis||1786||1869|
|12 September||1865|| Sir Thomas Cochrane
Thomas John Cochrane
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Thomas John Cochrane GCB was an English naval officer and colonial governor.-Naval career:...
|30 November||1866||Sir George Seymour||1787||1870|
|30 January||1868||Sir James Gordon||1782||1869|
|15 January||1869||Sir William Bowles||1780||1869|
|3 July||1869|| Sir George Sartorius
Admiral of the Fleet Sir George Rose Sartorius GCB was a Royal Navy officer who also commanded the navy of Dom Pedro in the Portuguese Civil Wars.-Naval career:...
|21 January||1870|| Sir Fairfax Moresby
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Fairfax Moresby GCB , born in Calcutta, India, to English parents was a British naval officer.-Early life:Moresby was the eldest son of Fairfax Moresby, Lieut...
|20 October||1872|| Sir Houston Stewart
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Houston Stewart GCB was a Royal Navy officer and briefly a Liberal Party Member of Parliament .-Naval career:...
|22 January||1877|| Sir Henry Codrington
Admiral Sir Henry John Codrington KCB was a Royal Navy officer who went on to be Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth.-Naval career:...
|5 August||1877|| Sir Henry Keppel
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Henry Keppel, GCB, OM was a British admiral, son of the 4th Earl of Albemarle and of his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Lord de Clifford.-Naval career:...
|11 December||1877|| Sir Provo Wallis
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Provo William Perry Wallis, GCB was a Royal Navy officer and naval war hero. He was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia and was 100 years old when he died....
|27 December||1877|| The Earl of Lauderdale
Thomas Maitland, 11th Earl of Lauderdale
Admiral of the Fleet Thomas Maitland, 11th Earl of Lauderdale, GCB was a Royal Navy officer and peer.-Naval career:...
|27 December||1877|| Sir George Mundy
Admiral of the Fleet Sir George Rodney Mundy GCB was Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth.-Naval career:Mundy's naval service stated as a cadet at the Royal Naval College, Portsmouth in 1818...
|15 June||1879||Sir James Hope||1808||1881|
|15 July||1879||Sir Thomas Symonds||1813||1894|
|10 June||1881|| Sir Alexander Milne
Sir Alexander Milne, 1st Baronet
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Alexander Milne, 1st Baronet, GCB was a Royal Navy admiral, the second son of the Scot Admiral Sir David Milne, and the younger brother of the advocate, geologist and meteorologist David Milne-Home.-Naval career:He entered the Royal Naval Academy, 8 February 1817...
|1 December||1881|| Sir Charles Elliot
Charles Elliot (Royal Navy officer)
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Charles Gilbert John Brydone Elliot KCB was a Royal Navy officer who went on to be Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth.-Naval career:...
|29 April||1885|| Sir Alfred Ryder
Alfred Phillips Ryder
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Alfred Phillips Ryder KCB was a Royal Navy officer and an active member of the Church of England Purity Society.-Biography:...
|18 July||1887|| HRH The Prince of Wales
Edward VII of the United Kingdom
Edward VII was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death in 1910...
(later King Edward VII)
|1841||1910||honorary to non-Navy royalty|
|1 May||1888||Sir Geoffrey Hornby||1825||1895|
|8 December||1888||Lord John Hay||1827||1916|
|2 August||1889||HIM German Emperor William II||1859||1941||honorary, to foreign royalty|
|13 February||1892|| Sir John Commerell
John Edmund Commerell
Admiral of the Fleet Sir John Edmund Commerell VC GCB was an English Royal Navy officer who was awarded the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces...
|3 June||1893|| HRH The Duke of Edinburgh
Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha was the third Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and reigned from 1893 to 1900. He was also a member of the British Royal Family, the second son and fourth child of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha...
(later Duke Alfred of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha)
|20 February||1895|| The Earl of Clanwilliam
Richard Meade, 4th Earl of Clanwilliam
Admiral of the Fleet Richard James Meade, 4th Earl of Clanwilliam, GCB, KCMG , styled Lord Gillford until 1879, was a British Royal Navy officer and peer.-Background:...
|23 August||1897||Sir Algernon Lyons||1833||1908|
|29 November||1898|| Sir Frederick Richards
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Frederick William Richards GCB was the British First Naval Lord from 1893 to 1899.-Early life:...
|13 January||1899|| Sir Nowell Salmon
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Nowell Salmon VC, GCB was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.-Naval career:Salmon was the son of Reverend H...
|3 October||1902||Sir James Erskine||1838||1911|
|30 August||1903|| Sir Charles Hotham
Charles Frederick Hotham
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Charles Frederick Hotham, GCB GCVO was a Royal Navy officer who went on to be Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth.-Naval career:...
|16 June||1904|| Lord Walter Kerr
Lord Walter Kerr
Admiral of the Fleet, Lord Walter Talbot Kerr, GCB, PC was the British First Naval Lord from 1899 to 1904.-Early Life and Indian Mutiny:...
|20 February||1905|| Sir Edward Seymour
Edward Hobart Seymour
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Edward Hobart Seymour, GCB, OM, GCVO , was a Royal Navy officer who became Commander-in-Chief, China Station.- Early life :...
|5 December||1905||Sir John Fisher (later Lord Fisher)||1841||1920|
|1 March||1907||Sir Arthur Wilson||1842||1921|
|11 June||1908|| HIM Tsar Nicholas II of Russia
Nicholas II of Russia
Nicholas II was the last Emperor of Russia, Grand Prince of Finland, and titular King of Poland. His official short title was Nicholas II, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias and he is known as Saint Nicholas the Passion-Bearer by the Russian Orthodox Church.Nicholas II ruled from 1894 until...
|1868||1918||honorary, to foreign royalty|
|2 December||1908||Sir Gerard Noel||1845||1918|
|27 January||1910||HRH Prince Heinrich of Prussia||1862||1929||honorary, to foreign royalty|
|30 April||1910|| Sir Arthur Fanshawe
Arthur Dalrymple Fanshawe
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur Dalrymple Fanshawe GCB GCVO was a Royal Navy officer who went on to be Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth.-Naval career:...
|20 March||1913||Sir William May||1849||1930|
|5 March||1915|| Sir Hedworth Meux
Admiral of the Fleet The Hon Sir Hedworth Meux GCB KCVO , formerly The Hon Hedworth Lambton was an English naval officer famous for bringing help to the British forces in the Siege of Ladysmith....
|2 April||1917|| Sir George Callaghan
Admiral of the Fleet Sir George Astley Callaghan GCB GCVO was a senior officer in the Royal Navy.-Naval career:...
|3 April||1919|| The Viscount Jellicoe
John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe
Admiral of the Fleet John Rushworth Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe, GCB, OM, GCVO was a British Royal Navy admiral who commanded the Grand Fleet at the Battle of Jutland in World War I...
(later Earl Jellicoe)
|3 April||1919|| Sir David Beatty
David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty
Admiral of the Fleet David Richard Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty, GCB, OM, GCVO, DSO was an admiral in the Royal Navy...
(later Earl Beatty)
|31 July||1919||Sir Henry Jackson||1855||1929|
|1 November||1919|| Sir Rosslyn Wemyss
Rosslyn Wemyss, 1st Baron Wester Wemyss
Admiral of the Fleet Rosslyn Erskine Wemyss, 1st Baron Wester Wemyss GCB, CMG, MVO , known as Sir Rosslyn Wemyss between 1916 and 1919, was a British naval commander...
(later Lord Wester Wemyss)
|24 November||1920|| Sir Cecil Burney
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Cecil Burney, 1st Baronet GCB GCMG was a British Royal Navy admiral.-Early life and service before flag rank:...
|5 July||1921|| Sir Doveton Sturdee
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Frederick Charles Doveton Sturdee, 1st Baronet, GCB, KCMG, CVO was a British admiral.-Naval career:...
|22 August||1921||The Marquess of Milford Haven||1854||1921|
|31 July||1924||Sir Charles Madden||1862||1935|
|8 May||1925||Sir Somerset Calthorpe||1864||1937|
|24 November||1925|| Sir John de Robeck
John de Robeck
Admiral of the Fleet Sir John Michael de Robeck, 1st Baronet GCB, GCMG, GCVO was an admiral in the British Royal Navy who commanded the Allied naval force in the Dardanelles during World War I....
|21 January||1928|| Sir Henry Oliver
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Henry Francis Oliver, GCB, KCMG, MVO was a British naval officer.-Naval career:...
|31 July||1929|| Sir Osmond Brock
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Osmond de Beauvoir Brock KCB, KCMG, KCVO was a Royal Navy officer.-Naval career:Brock was the eldest son of Commander Osmond de Beauvoir Brock of Guernsey and he joined the Navy in 1882. Appointed midshipman in 1886, he passed for Lieutenant with first classes in every...
|8 May||1930||Sir Roger Keyes (later Lord Keyes)||1872||1945|
|21 January||1933|| Sir Frederick Field
Frederick Field (Royal Navy officer)
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Frederick Laurence Field GCB KCMG was a British Royal Navy Admiral of the Fleet who served as First Sea Lord from 1930 to 1933...
|31 July||1934|| Sir Reginald Tyrwhitt
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Reginald Yorke Tyrwhitt, 1st Baronet, GCB, DSO was a senior officer of the Royal Navy in World War I who commanded light forces stationed at Harwich on the east coast of England during the first part of the war.-Naval career:Tyrwhitt entered the Navy as a cadet in July, 1885...
|8 May||1935|| Sir Ernle Chatfield
Ernle Chatfield, 1st Baron Chatfield
Admiral of the Fleet The Rt Hon. Sir Alfred Ernle Montacute Chatfield, 1st Baron Chatfield, GCB, OM, KCMG, CVO, PC was a Royal Navy officer and held the position of First Sea Lord from 1933 to 1939...
(later Lord Chatfield)
|21 January||1936|| HM King Edward VIII
Edward VIII of the United Kingdom
Edward VIII was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth, and Emperor of India, from 20 January to 11 December 1936.Before his accession to the throne, Edward was Prince of Wales and Duke of Cornwall and Rothesay...
|12 July||1936||Sir John Kelly||1871||1936|
|11 December||1936|| HM King George VI
George VI of the United Kingdom
George VI was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death...
|21 January||1938|| The Earl of Cork and Orrery
William Boyle, 12th Earl of Cork
Admiral of the Fleet William Henry Dudley Boyle, 12th Earl of Cork, 12th Earl of Orrery GCB GCVO RN was a career Royal Navy officer who had achieved the rank of full Admiral before succeeding a cousin in 1934 to the family titles, chief of which is Earl of Cork...
|7 July||1939|| Sir Roger Backhouse
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Roger Roland Charles Backhouse GCB GCVO CMG was an Admiral of the Fleet in the Royal Navy and First Sea Lord of the British Admiralty from 1938 to 1939.-Family:...
|31 July||1939|| Sir Dudley Pound
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Alfred Dudley Pickman Rogers Pound GCB OM GCVO RN was a British naval officer who served as First Sea Lord, professional head of the Royal Navy from June 1939 to September 1943.- Early life :...
|8 May||1940||Sir Charles Forbes||1880||1960|
|21 January||1943|| Sir Andrew Cunningham
Andrew Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope
Admiral of the Fleet Andrew Browne Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope KT, GCB, OM, DSO and two Bars , was a British admiral of the Second World War. Cunningham was widely known by his nickname, "ABC"....
(later Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope)
|22 October||1943|| Sir John Tovey
John Tovey, 1st Baron Tovey
Admiral of the Fleet John Cronyn "Jack" Tovey, 1st Baron Tovey GCB, KBE, DSO, DCL was a Royal Navy admiral who served in both World Wars. He signed himself as "Jack", not "John". Tovey joined the Royal Navy before World War I, and commanded destroyers in that war. He rose, with several senior...
(later Lord Tovey)
|8 May||1945|| Sir James Somerville
Admiral of the Fleet Sir James Fownes Somerville GCB, GBE, DSO was one of the most famous British Admirals of World War II.-Early career:...
|21 January||1948||Sir John Cunningham||1885||1965|
|22 October||1948|| The Lord Fraser of North Cape
Bruce Fraser, 1st Baron Fraser of North Cape
Admiral of the Fleet Bruce Austin Fraser, 1st Baron Fraser of North Cape GCB, KBE was a senior British admiral during World War II.-Early naval career:Fraser joined the Royal Navy as a Cadet on 15 January 1904...
|20 March||1949|| Sir Algernon Willis
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Algernon Usborne Willis KCB DSO was a British Royal Navy officer.-Naval career:Willis joined the Royal Navy as a cadet in 1904 and went on to serve in World War I and then actions against the Bolsheviks in the Baltic from 1918 to 1919.In the Second World War he was...
|22 April||1952|| Sir Arthur Power
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur John Power GCB, GBE, CVO was an officer of the Royal Navy, who saw service in World War I and World War II.-Naval career:Power joined the Royal Navy in 1909 and served in World War I...
|1 June||1952|| Sir Philip Vian
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Philip Louis Vian, GCB, KBE, DSO & Two Bars was a British naval officer who served in both World Wars....
|15 January||1953|| HRH The Duke of Edinburgh
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh is the husband of Elizabeth II. He is the United Kingdom's longest-serving consort and the oldest serving spouse of a reigning British monarch....
|1 May||1953|| Sir Rhoderick McGrigor
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Rhoderick Robert McGrigor GCB was a Royal Navy officer and the British First Sea Lord from 1951 to 1955. During his years as professional head of the Royal Navy, he is most remembered as a leading proponent of carrier-based air power.-Early life:Rhoderick Robert McGrigor...
|22 April||1955|| Sir George Creasy
Admiral of the Fleet Sir George Elvey Creasy GCB CBE DSO MVO was a senior Royal Navy officer who went on to be Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth.-Naval career:...
|22 October||1956|| The Earl Mountbatten of Burma
Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma
Admiral of the Fleet Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas George Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, KG, GCB, OM, GCSI, GCIE, GCVO, DSO, PC, FRS , was a British statesman and naval officer, and an uncle of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh...
|1900||1979||Chief of the Defence Staff 1959–65|
|29 August||1960|| Sir Charles Lambe
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Charles Lambe GCB, CVO was a senior officer in the Royal Navy, serving as First Sea Lord from 1959 to 1960.-Naval career:...
|1900||1960||promoted when died as First Sea Lord|
|23 May||1962|| Sir Caspar John
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Caspar John GCB was the British First Sea Lord from 1960 to 1963. He was pioneer in the Fleet Air Arm, and rose to become Vice-Chief of Naval Staff to Sea Lord Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma in 1957 and subsequently First Sea Lord from 1960 to 1963.-Early...
|12 August||1968|| Sir Varyl Begg
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Varyl Cargill Begg GCB, DSO, DSC was First Sea Lord, the professional head of the Royal Navy, from 1966 to 1968.-Early life:...
|30 June||1970|| Sir Michael Le Fanu
Michael Le Fanu
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Michael Le Fanu GCB, DSC was a Royal Navy admiral and First Sea Lord.-Early life:Le Fanu was born at Lindfield, West Sussex, the son of Captain Hugh Barrington le Fanu RN...
|12 March||1971||Sir Peter Hill-Norton (later Lord Hill-Norton)||1915||2004||Chief of the Defence Staff 1971–73|
|1 March||1974|| Sir Michael Pollock
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Michael Patrick Pollock GCB, LVO, DSC was a British officer in the Royal Navy who rose to become First Sea Lord from 1971 to 1974...
|9 February||1977|| Sir Edward Ashmore
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Edward Beckwith Ashmore GCB, DSC is a former senior Royal Navy officer. He served as the Chief of the Defence Staff of the United Kingdom and thus the professional head of the British Armed Forces....
|1919||Chief of the Defence Staff 1977|
|6 July||1979|| Sir Terence Lewin
Terence Lewin, Baron Lewin
Admiral of the Fleet Terence Thornton Lewin, Baron Lewin, KG, GCB, LVO, DSC was a former First Sea Lord of the Royal Navy, and Chief of the Defence Staff.-Naval career:...
(later Lord Lewin)
|1920||1999||Chief of the Defence Staff 1979–82|
|1 December||1982|| Sir Henry Leach
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Henry Conyers Leach, GCB, DL was a former First Sea Lord, the professional head of the Royal Navy. Leach was the First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff between 1979 and 1982, being the professional head of the Navy at the time of the Falklands War...
|2 August||1985|| Sir John Fieldhouse
John Fieldhouse, Baron Fieldhouse
Admiral of the Fleet John David Elliott Fieldhouse, Baron Fieldhouse GCB, GBE was a high ranking officer in the Royal Navy...
(later Lord Fieldhouse)
|1928||1992||Chief of the Defence Staff 1985–88|
|12 April||1988|| King Olav V of Norway
Olav V of Norway
Olav V was the king of Norway from 1957 until his death. A member of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, Olav was born in the United Kingdom as the son of King Haakon VII of Norway and Queen Maud of Norway...
|1903||1991||honorary, to foreign royalty|
|25 May||1989|| Sir William Staveley
William Staveley (admiral)
Admiral of the Fleet Sir William Doveton Minet Staveley GCB, DL , was Chief of the Naval Staff and First Sea Lord.-Early life:...
|2 March||1992|| Sir Julian Oswald
Admiral of the Fleet Sir John Julian Robertson Oswald GCB was a British naval officer who served as Chief of the Naval Staff and First Sea Lord.-Naval career:...
|10 July||1995||Sir Benjamin Bathurst||1936|
- From 1828, with the creation of the title First Sea Lord, until 1995, the promotion to admiral of the fleet was ordinarily saved for a retiring First Sea Lords or an admiral who became Chief of the Defence Staff. This tradition has stopped.