1936 Francisco Franco is named head of the Nationalist government of Spain.
1937 Spanish Civil War: The German Condor Legion, equipped with Heinkel He 51 biplanes, arrives in Spain to assist Francisco Franco's forces.
1939 Spanish Civil War: Troops loyal to nationalist General Francisco Franco and aided by Italy take Barcelona.
1939 Spanish Civil War: Generalissimo Francisco Franco conquers Madrid.
1939 Generalísimo Francisco Franco of the Spanish State announces the end of the Spanish Civil War, when the last of the Republican forces surrender.
1975 Prince Juan Carlos becomes Spain's acting head of state, taking over for the country's ailing dictator, Gen. Francisco Franco.
1975 Francisco Franco, Caudillo of Spain, dies after 36 years in power.
1975 Juan Carlos is declared King of Spain following the death of Francisco Franco.
1982 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party wins elections, leading to first Socialist government in Spain after death of Franco. Felipe Gonzalez becomes Prime Minister-elect.