A yurt quarter or ger quarter is a form of residential quarter in Mongolia
Mongolia is a landlocked country in East and Central Asia. It is bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south, east and west. Although Mongolia does not share a border with Kazakhstan, its western-most point is only from Kazakhstan's eastern tip. Ulan Bator, the capital and largest...
n settlements. They usually consist of parcels with one or more detached houses or yurt
A yurt is a portable, bent wood-framed dwelling structure traditionally used by Turkic nomads in the steppes of Central Asia. The structure comprises a crown or compression wheel usually steam bent, supported by roof ribs which are bent down at the end where they meet the lattice wall...
s (hence the name), surrounded by two-metre high wooden fence
A fence is a freestanding structure designed to restrict or prevent movement across a boundary. It is generally distinguished from a wall by the lightness of its construction: a wall is usually restricted to such barriers made from solid brick or concrete, blocking vision as well as passage .Fences...
Most yurt quarters are not connected to water supplies, so people get their drinking water from public wells. For a warm shower or a bath, there are bathhouses
Public baths originated from a communal need for cleanliness. The term public may confuse some people, as some types of public baths are restricted depending on membership, gender, religious affiliation, or other reasons. As societies have changed, public baths have been replaced as private bathing...
. Since there is no sewer system, yurt quarter parcels usually have a pit toilet
A pit toilet is a dry toilet system which collects human excrement in a large container and range from a simple slit trench to more elaborate systems with ventilation. They are more often used in rural and wilderness areas as well as in much of the developing world...
Small settlements, like sum centers, may consist almost exclusively of yurt quarters. Even in Mongolia's capital Ulaanbaatar, around 62% of the population live in such quarters. However, only about 43% of the yurt quarter residents in Ulaanbaatar actually live in yurts. Some of the quarters in Ulan Bator have existed for more than 100 years, for example the one around Gandan, but many of those farther away from the city centre are the result of recent migration and the high price of other accommodation
Ugsarmal bair , or just Ugsarmal is the Mongolian term for high rise panel buildings. Most of these buildings were built in the 1970s and 1980s with Soviet funding and Soviet designs, in order to supply a greater share of Mongolia's population with flats equipped with modern amenities...
An oft-cited problem of yurt quarters in Ulaanbaatar and a number of other larger Mongolian cities is the air pollution
Air pollution is the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or biological materials that cause harm or discomfort to humans or other living organisms, or cause damage to the natural environment or built environment, into the atmosphere....
(especially in winter) caused by the use of simple iron stoves for cooking and heating.