Rottumeroog is one of the three islands that make up Rottum
Rottum (island group)
Rottum is the name of a protected natural monument in the Wadden Sea in The Netherlands. It consists of the three West Frisian Islands Rottumerplaat, Rottumeroog, and Zuiderduintjes. As a protected nature reserve , admission to the islands is restricted...

, a group of islands that are part of the West Frisian Islands
West Frisian Islands
The West Frisian Islands are a chain of islands in the North Sea off the Dutch coast, along the edge of the Wadden Sea. They continue further east as the German East Frisian Islands and are part of the Frisian Islands....

An archipelago , sometimes called an island group, is a chain or cluster of islands. The word archipelago is derived from the Greek ἄρχι- – arkhi- and πέλαγος – pélagos through the Italian arcipelago...

. The island
An island or isle is any piece of sub-continental land that is surrounded by water. Very small islands such as emergent land features on atolls can be called islets, cays or keys. An island in a river or lake may be called an eyot , or holm...

 is situated off the Dutch
The Netherlands is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, located mainly in North-West Europe and with several islands in the Caribbean. Mainland Netherlands borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east, and shares maritime borders...

 coast in the North Sea
North Sea
In the southwest, beyond the Straits of Dover, the North Sea becomes the English Channel connecting to the Atlantic Ocean. In the east, it connects to the Baltic Sea via the Skagerrak and Kattegat, narrow straits that separate Denmark from Norway and Sweden respectively...

. The island is named after the village Rottum
Rottum (Groningen)
Rottum is a small village on an artificial dwelling hill between Kantens and Usquert in the municipality of Eemsmond, falling under the province Groningen in the Netherlands. The village currently counts about 165 inhabitants.-Heathen chapel:...

 in Groningen: the Benedictine "St. Juliana's Abbey
St. Juliana's Abbey
St. Juliana's Abbey was a Benedictine monastery in Rottum, the Netherlands. The abbey, dedicated to the virgin-martyr Juliana of Nicomedia, was probably founded between 1195 and 1210 by monks from the Benedictine Werden Abbey in Germany....

" in Rottum used to own two-thirds of the island.

The island is uninhabited and access is usually prohibited. Only a few excursions are allowed each year.

As a result of sea
A sea generally refers to a large body of salt water, but the term is used in other contexts as well. Most commonly, it means a large expanse of saline water connected with an ocean, and is commonly used as a synonym for ocean...

Ocean current
An ocean current is a continuous, directed movement of ocean water generated by the forces acting upon this mean flow, such as breaking waves, wind, Coriolis effect, cabbeling, temperature and salinity differences and tides caused by the gravitational pull of the Moon and the Sun...

, Rottumeroog is gradually moving and will probably, in the future, disappear in the Ems estuary
An estuary is a partly enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea....

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