Oakville, Ontario
Overview
 
Oakville is a town
Town
A town is a human settlement larger than a village but smaller than a city. The size a settlement must be in order to be called a "town" varies considerably in different parts of the world, so that, for example, many American "small towns" seem to British people to be no more than villages, while...

 in Halton Region, on Lake Ontario
Lake Ontario
Lake Ontario is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. It is bounded on the north and southwest by the Canadian province of Ontario, and on the south by the American state of New York. Ontario, Canada's most populous province, was named for the lake. In the Wyandot language, ontarío means...

 in Southern
Southern Ontario
Southern Ontario is a region of the province of Ontario, Canada that lies south of the French River and Algonquin Park. Depending on the inclusion of the Parry Sound and Muskoka districts, its surface area would cover between 14 to 15% of the province. It is the southernmost region of...

 Ontario
Ontario
Ontario is a province of Canada, located in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province and second largest in total area. It is home to the nation's most populous city, Toronto, and the nation's capital, Ottawa....

, Canada
Canada
Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west, and northward into the Arctic Ocean...

, and is part of the Greater Toronto Area
Greater Toronto Area
The Greater Toronto Area is the largest metropolitan area in Canada, with a 2006 census population of 5.5 million. The Greater Toronto Area is usually defined as the central city of Toronto, along with four regional municipalities surrounding it: Durham, Halton, Peel, and York...

. As of the 2006 census
Canada 2006 Census
The Canada 2006 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. Census day was May 16, 2006. The next census following will be the 2011 Census. Canada's total population enumerated by the 2006 census was 31,612,897...

 the population was 165,613.
In 1793, Dundas Street
Dundas Street (Toronto)
Dundas Street, also known as Highway 5 west of Toronto, is a major arterial road connecting the centre of that city with its western suburbs and southwestern Ontario beyond...

 was surveyed for a military road. In 1805, the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada
Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada
The Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada was created by the Constitutional Act of 1791. It was the elected legislature for the province of Upper Canada and functioned as the province's lower house in the Parliament of Upper Canada...

 bought the lands between Etobicoke and Hamilton
Hamilton, Ontario
Hamilton is a port city in the Canadian province of Ontario. Conceived by George Hamilton when he purchased the Durand farm shortly after the War of 1812, Hamilton has become the centre of a densely populated and industrialized region at the west end of Lake Ontario known as the Golden Horseshoe...

 from the Mississaugas
Mississaugas
The Mississaugas are a subtribe of the Anishinaabe-speaking First Nations people located in southern Ontario, Canada. They are closely related to the Ojibwa...

 aboriginal people, except for the land at the mouths of Twelve Mile Creek (Bronte Creek)
Bronte Creek
Bronte Creek is a waterway in the Lake Ontario watershed of Ontario Canada. It runs through Hamilton and Halton Region, with its source in the Niagara Escarpment, passing Bronte Creek Provincial Park, on its way to Lake Ontario at Bronte Harbour in Oakville, where the creek is also known as Twelve...

, Sixteen Mile Creek, and along the Credit River
Credit River
The Credit River is a river in southern Ontario which flows from headwaters above the Niagara Escarpment to empty into Lake Ontario at Port Credit, Mississauga. It drains an area of approximately 1,000 km²...

. In 1807, British immigrants settled the area surrounding Dundas Street as well as on the shore of Lake Ontario
Lake Ontario
Lake Ontario is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. It is bounded on the north and southwest by the Canadian province of Ontario, and on the south by the American state of New York. Ontario, Canada's most populous province, was named for the lake. In the Wyandot language, ontarío means...

.

In 1820, the Crown bought the area surrounding the waterways.
Encyclopedia
Oakville is a town
Town
A town is a human settlement larger than a village but smaller than a city. The size a settlement must be in order to be called a "town" varies considerably in different parts of the world, so that, for example, many American "small towns" seem to British people to be no more than villages, while...

 in Halton Region, on Lake Ontario
Lake Ontario
Lake Ontario is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. It is bounded on the north and southwest by the Canadian province of Ontario, and on the south by the American state of New York. Ontario, Canada's most populous province, was named for the lake. In the Wyandot language, ontarío means...

 in Southern
Southern Ontario
Southern Ontario is a region of the province of Ontario, Canada that lies south of the French River and Algonquin Park. Depending on the inclusion of the Parry Sound and Muskoka districts, its surface area would cover between 14 to 15% of the province. It is the southernmost region of...

 Ontario
Ontario
Ontario is a province of Canada, located in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province and second largest in total area. It is home to the nation's most populous city, Toronto, and the nation's capital, Ottawa....

, Canada
Canada
Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west, and northward into the Arctic Ocean...

, and is part of the Greater Toronto Area
Greater Toronto Area
The Greater Toronto Area is the largest metropolitan area in Canada, with a 2006 census population of 5.5 million. The Greater Toronto Area is usually defined as the central city of Toronto, along with four regional municipalities surrounding it: Durham, Halton, Peel, and York...

. As of the 2006 census
Canada 2006 Census
The Canada 2006 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. Census day was May 16, 2006. The next census following will be the 2011 Census. Canada's total population enumerated by the 2006 census was 31,612,897...

 the population was 165,613.

History

In 1793, Dundas Street
Dundas Street (Toronto)
Dundas Street, also known as Highway 5 west of Toronto, is a major arterial road connecting the centre of that city with its western suburbs and southwestern Ontario beyond...

 was surveyed for a military road. In 1805, the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada
Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada
The Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada was created by the Constitutional Act of 1791. It was the elected legislature for the province of Upper Canada and functioned as the province's lower house in the Parliament of Upper Canada...

 bought the lands between Etobicoke and Hamilton
Hamilton, Ontario
Hamilton is a port city in the Canadian province of Ontario. Conceived by George Hamilton when he purchased the Durand farm shortly after the War of 1812, Hamilton has become the centre of a densely populated and industrialized region at the west end of Lake Ontario known as the Golden Horseshoe...

 from the Mississaugas
Mississaugas
The Mississaugas are a subtribe of the Anishinaabe-speaking First Nations people located in southern Ontario, Canada. They are closely related to the Ojibwa...

 aboriginal people, except for the land at the mouths of Twelve Mile Creek (Bronte Creek)
Bronte Creek
Bronte Creek is a waterway in the Lake Ontario watershed of Ontario Canada. It runs through Hamilton and Halton Region, with its source in the Niagara Escarpment, passing Bronte Creek Provincial Park, on its way to Lake Ontario at Bronte Harbour in Oakville, where the creek is also known as Twelve...

, Sixteen Mile Creek, and along the Credit River
Credit River
The Credit River is a river in southern Ontario which flows from headwaters above the Niagara Escarpment to empty into Lake Ontario at Port Credit, Mississauga. It drains an area of approximately 1,000 km²...

. In 1807, British immigrants settled the area surrounding Dundas Street as well as on the shore of Lake Ontario
Lake Ontario
Lake Ontario is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. It is bounded on the north and southwest by the Canadian province of Ontario, and on the south by the American state of New York. Ontario, Canada's most populous province, was named for the lake. In the Wyandot language, ontarío means...

.

In 1820, the Crown bought the area surrounding the waterways. The area around the creeks, 960 acres (3.9 km²), ceded to the Crown by the Mississaugas, was auctioned off to William Chisholm in 1827. He left the development of the area to his son, Robert Kerr Chisholm
Robert Kerr Chisholm
Robert Kerr Chisholm was a political figure in Oakville, Ontario, serving as mayor in 1866.He was born in Nelson Township in Upper Canada in 1819, the son of William Chisholm, and was educated in Hamilton. Chisholm served as reeve of Trafalgar Township in 1854 and 1856 and served on the Oakville...

 and his brother-in-law, Thomas Merrick.

Oakville's first industries included shipbuilding, timber shipment, and wheat farming. In the 1850s, there was an economic recession and the foundry, the most important industry in town, was closed. Basket-making became a major industry in the town, and the Grand Trunk Railway
Grand Trunk Railway
The Grand Trunk Railway was a railway system which operated in the Canadian provinces of Quebec and Ontario, as well as the American states of Connecticut, Maine, Michigan, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Vermont. The railway was operated from headquarters in Montreal, Quebec; however, corporate...

 was built through it.

The town eventually became industrialized with the opening of Cities Service Canada
Citgo
CITGO Petroleum Corporation is a United States-incorporated, Venezuela-owned refiner, transporter and marketer of transportation fuels, lubricants, petrochemicals and other industrial products. The company is owned by PDV America, Inc., an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of Petróleos de...


(later BP Canada
British Petroleum Canada
BP Canada Energy Company is a Canadian oil and gas company that is a subsidiary of British-owned BP plc . It began operations in 1948 and for many years was in retail operations until they were acquired by Petro-Canada in 1982...

, and now Petro Canada) and Shell Canada
Shell Canada
Shell Canada Limited is the subsidiary of Dutch-based Royal Dutch Shell and one of Canada's largest integrated oil companies. Exploration and production of oil, natural gas and sulphur is a major part of its business, as well as the marketing of gasoline and related products through the company's...

 oil refineries (both now closed), the Procor
Procor
Procor is a Canadian company producing railway shipping cars. It is Canada's largest private rail car rental fleet that has more than 21,000 conventional and special-purpose tank and freight cars.-External links:* *...

 factory (no longer manufacturing), and, most importantly, the Ford Motor Company
Ford Motor Company of Canada
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited was founded in 1904 for the purpose of manufacturing and selling Ford automobiles in Canada and the British Empire. The Ford Motor Company in Detroit transferred the patent and selling rights to the Walkerville Wagon Company, in order to avoid the tariff rates...

's Canadian headquarters and plant
Oakville Assembly
Oakville Assembly Complex is a Ford Motor Company automobile factory in Oakville, Ontario, Canada spanning . This landmark occupies the same site as, and combines, the former Ontario Truck plant and Oakville Assembly Plant and is clearly visible from the Queen Elizabeth Way and the Lakeshore West...

, all close to the Canadian National Railway
Canadian National Railway
The Canadian National Railway Company is a Canadian Class I railway headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. CN's slogan is "North America's Railroad"....

 and the Queen Elizabeth Way highway between Toronto and Fort Erie (Buffalo).

In 1962 the town of Oakville merged with its neighbouring villages (Bronte
Bronte, Ontario
Bronte is the community that makes up much of the west end of Oakville, in Ontario, Canada. Twelve Mile Creek flows through the middle of town and empties into Lake Ontario. Main roads include Bronte Road , Lakeshore Road West and Rebecca Street...

, Palermo, Sheridan, and the remainder of Trafalgar Township
Trafalgar Township
Trafalgar Township is a former municipality within the historic Halton County in Ontario, CanadaNamed after Cape Trafalgar where Horatio Nelson led the English fleet to victory over the Spanish and French at the Battle of Trafalgar, the township was created in 1806...

) to become the new Town of Oakville, reaching northwards to Steeles Avenue
Steeles Avenue
Steeles Avenue is an east-west street that forms the northern city limit of Toronto and the southern limit of York Region, Ontario, Canada. It stretches across the western Greater Toronto Area from Milborough Townline in Halton Region east to the Scarborough-Pickering limit. It runs for within...

 in Milton
Milton, Ontario
Milton is a town in Southern Ontario, Canada, and part of the Halton Region in the Greater Toronto Area. Milton received a tremendous amount of awareness following the release of the results of the 2006 Census, which indicated that Milton is the fastest growing municipality in the Greater Golden...

. In 1973, the restructuring of Halton County into Halton Region brought the northern border southwards to just north of the future Highway 407.

Neighbourhoods

Oakville's Planning Department divides the town into communities. These divisions have little to do with politics and are based on traditional neighbourhoods.

Old Oakville

Old Oakville is located in South-Central Oakville along the shore of Lake Ontario
Lake Ontario
Lake Ontario is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. It is bounded on the north and southwest by the Canadian province of Ontario, and on the south by the American state of New York. Ontario, Canada's most populous province, was named for the lake. In the Wyandot language, ontarío means...

. It is the original Oakville Settlement and is centred on Oakville Harbour.

Bronte

Bronte is located in Southwest Oakville along the shore of Lake Ontario. It is a community centred on Bronte Harbour and includes the Coronation Park district to its east.

Eastlake

Eastlake is located in Southeast Oakville along the shore of Lake Ontario, also referred to as Joshua Creek. It is bordered on the west by Morrison Creek, to the north by Cornwall Road, and to the east by the Mississauga border.

College Park

College Park is located between Sixteen Mile Creek and just east of Trafalgar Road, from the Queen Elizabeth Way
Queen Elizabeth Way
The Queen Elizabeth Way, commonly abbreviated as the QEW, is a 400-Series highway in the Canadian province of Ontario. The freeway links Buffalo, New York and the Niagara Peninsula with Toronto. It begins at the Peace Bridge in Fort Erie and travels around the western shore of Lake Ontario, ending...

 north to Upper Middle Road. It surrounds Sheridan College.

Iroquois Ridge North

Iroquois Ridge North is located in North East Oakville between Upper Middle Road and Dundas Street.

Iroquois Ridge South

Iroquois Ridge South is located in North East Oakville. The Falgarwood area is located in the southern end of the Iroquois Ridge South community.

Glen Abbey

Glen Abbey is located in West Oakville, with Third Line being the major artery of the community. It is a large area west of the Glen Abbey Golf Course
Glen Abbey Golf Course
Glen Abbey Golf Course, designed by Jack Nicklaus and opened in 1976, is one of Canada's most famous golf courses and is home to the Royal Canadian Golf Association and the Canadian Golf Hall of Fame. It has hosted 25 Canadian Open Championships, more than any other course, with the first having...

, home of the Canadian Open,

Palermo

Palermo is located in Northwest Oakville. It is a small community centred on the intersection of Dundas Street and Bronte Road (Highway 25).

River Oaks

River Oaks is located in North-Central Oakville. It includes the Oak Park development.

Uptown Core

Uptown Core is located in North Centre Oakville. It includes the area on either side of Trafalgar Road between Dundas Street and Glenashton Drive.

West Oak Trails

West Oak Trails is located in North Centre West Oakville. It is a newer development than the other communities.

Demographics

Census Population
1841 550
1871 1,684
1901 1,643
1911 2,372
1921 3,298
1931 3,857
1941 4,115
1951 6,910
1961 10,366
1971 61,483
1981 75,773
1991 114,670
2001 144,738
2006 165,613

According to the 2006 Canadian Census Oakville had 165,613 residents. This represents a 14.4% increase since the 2001 Census. Projections place the 2011 population at 183,700.

According to the 2006 census, Oakville had a younger population than Canada as a whole. Minors (youth under 19 years of age) totalled 28.1 percent of the population compared to pensioners who number 11.7 percent. This compares with the Canadian average of 24.4 percent (minors) and 13.7 percent (pensioners).
Ethnic Origin Population Percent
English
English people
The English are a nation and ethnic group native to England, who speak English. The English identity is of early mediaeval origin, when they were known in Old English as the Anglecynn. England is now a country of the United Kingdom, and the majority of English people in England are British Citizens...

47,920 29.13%
Scottish
Scottish people
The Scottish people , or Scots, are a nation and ethnic group native to Scotland. Historically they emerged from an amalgamation of the Picts and Gaels, incorporating neighbouring Britons to the south as well as invading Germanic peoples such as the Anglo-Saxons and the Norse.In modern use,...

34,055 20.70%
Irish
Irish people
The Irish people are an ethnic group who originate in Ireland, an island in northwestern Europe. Ireland has been populated for around 9,000 years , with the Irish people's earliest ancestors recorded having legends of being descended from groups such as the Nemedians, Fomorians, Fir Bolg, Tuatha...

30,795 18.72%
German 15,490 9.41%
Italian
Italian people
The Italian people are an ethnic group that share a common Italian culture, ancestry and speak the Italian language as a mother tongue. Within Italy, Italians are defined by citizenship, regardless of ancestry or country of residence , and are distinguished from people...

15,195 9.23%
French
French people
The French are a nation that share a common French culture and speak the French language as a mother tongue. Historically, the French population are descended from peoples of Celtic, Latin and Germanic origin, and are today a mixture of several ethnic groups...

13,905 8.45%
Polish 8,865 5.38%

Because of its proximity to Toronto
Toronto
Toronto is the provincial capital of Ontario and the largest city in Canada. It is located in Southern Ontario on the northwestern shore of Lake Ontario. A relatively modern city, Toronto's history dates back to the late-18th century, when its land was first purchased by the British monarchy from...

, Oakville is becoming increasingly diverse. As of 2006, 81.2% of the population was white
White people
White people is a term which usually refers to human beings characterized, at least in part, by the light pigmentation of their skin...

. Other groups include South Asian: 6.0%, Chinese
Chinese people
The term Chinese people may refer to any of the following:*People with Han Chinese ethnicity ....

: 3.2%, black: 2.1%, and mixed race: 2%

79.4% of residents stated their religion as Christian, almost evenly split between Roman Catholics and Protestants. Non-Christian religions include Islam
Islam
Islam . The most common are and .   : Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~...

: 2.0%, Hinduism
Hinduism
Hinduism is the predominant and indigenous religious tradition of the Indian Subcontinent. Hinduism is known to its followers as , amongst many other expressions...

: 1.3%, Sikhism
Sikhism
Sikhism is a monotheistic religion founded during the 15th century in the Punjab region, by Guru Nanak Dev and continued to progress with ten successive Sikh Gurus . It is the fifth-largest organized religion in the world and one of the fastest-growing...

: 1.1%, and Judaism
Judaism
Judaism ) is the "religion, philosophy, and way of life" of the Jewish people...

: 0.7%. 14% indicated no religion.

The median household income was $83,982 with an average house value of $306,209.

Sports

Oakville has a long history of sporting. The only recognized professional sports team in Oakville is the Oakville Blue Devils of Canadian Soccer League
Canadian Soccer League (current)
The Canadian Soccer League is the top soccer league in Canada and is controlled by the Canadian Soccer Association. It was formerly known as the Canadian Professional Soccer League , and was officially re-branded on May 17, 2006...

. The Blue Devils are affiliated with the Oakville Soccer Club, which is the biggest soccer club in Canada. Oakville boasts over 60 soccer fields and a Soccer Club Facility with a 2 star full size FIFA Certified indoor soccer pitch.

The other professional team is the Oakville Ice women's ice hockey team of the NWHL. Oakville is home to the Oakville Crusaders Rugby club, the largest in Canada and North America, Crusaders also has the biggest junior rugby program in Canada.

Oakville also has a moderate amount of success in hockey with the Oakville Blades
Oakville Blades
The Oakville Blades are a Junior "A" ice hockey team from Oakville, Ontario, Canada. They are a part of the Ontario Junior Hockey League.-History:...

, a Tier II Junior "A"
Ontario Provincial Junior A Hockey League
The Ontario Junior Hockey League is a Junior A ice hockey league under the supervision of the Ontario Hockey Association and the Canadian Junior Hockey League. The league dates back to 1954 as the Central Junior B Hockey League. In 1993, the Central Junior B Hockey League was promoted to the...

 franchise since 1966, and a "AAA" hockey system. The current rep hockey team in Oakville is the Oakville Hornets and Oakville Rangers, who are the 2 time defending champions for the Midget "AAA" group. The town also has the Oakville Buzz
Oakville Buzz
The Oakville Buzz are Junior "B" box lacrosse team from Oakville, Ontario, Canada. The Buzz play in the OLA Junior B Lacrosse League. The Buzz won the 2006 Founders Cup Canadian National Champions. As of the 2009 season, the Buzz will moving to the West Conference, playing in the South West...

, a Junior "B"
OLA Junior B Lacrosse League
The Ontario Junior B Lacrosse League is a box lacrosse league sanctioned by the Ontario Lacrosse Association in Ontario, Canada.-History:The Junior "B" level of the Ontario Lacrosse Association has been around since at least 1964...

 lacrosse
Box lacrosse
Box lacrosse, also known as indoor lacrosse and sometimes shortened to boxla, LAX or simply box, is an indoor version of lacrosse played mostly in North America. The game originated in Canada, where it is the most popular version of the game played in contrast to the traditional field lacrosse game...

 team who won the Founders Cup
Founders Cup
The Founders Cup is the championship trophy of Canada's Junior "B" lacrosse leagues. The custodial duties of this trophy fall upon the Canadian Lacrosse Association. The National Champions are determined through a round robin format with a playdown for the final in a host city...

 in 2006. The current rep lacrosse team is the Oakville Hawks. There is also the Oakville Aquatic Club.

Oakville also has two active (Division 1, 2, 3) rep basketball clubs, Oakville Vytis and Oakville (Venom) Basketball Club [2010 Bantam Girls Eastern Canada Champions]

Oakville has the largest Little League Organization in all of Canada. Having the Oakville Whitecaps as their All-star team. Their main field for 12U and under is Chartwell Field were the Home office is.

Glen Abbey Golf Course
Glen Abbey Golf Course
Glen Abbey Golf Course, designed by Jack Nicklaus and opened in 1976, is one of Canada's most famous golf courses and is home to the Royal Canadian Golf Association and the Canadian Golf Hall of Fame. It has hosted 25 Canadian Open Championships, more than any other course, with the first having...

, site of several Canadian Open professional golf championships and many other amateur tournaments, is also located in Oakville.

Downtown Oakville Jazz Festival

The Downtown Oakville Jazz Festival
Downtown Oakville Jazz Festival
The Downtown Oakville Jazz Festival is an annual jazz festival in Oakville, Ontario, since 1993.The 19th annual Downtown Oakville Jazz Festival kicks off this year Friday, August 5, 2011.Friday, Saturday and Sunday bring free concerts on 6 outdoor stages....

 is an annual summer jazz
Jazz
Jazz is a musical style that originated at the beginning of the 20th century in African American communities in the Southern United States. It was born out of a mix of African and European music traditions. From its early development until the present, jazz has incorporated music from 19th and 20th...

 festival that has taken place every year since 1992. The event includes performances at a number of stages along Lakeshore Road East in downtown Oakville. As the festival is fully funded by the Downtown Oakville Business Improvement Area (BIA), the event is free to the public.

Waterfront Festival

Beginning in 1982, Oakville's Coronation Park played host to the annual Oakville Waterfront Festival
Oakville Waterfront Festival
The Oakville Waterfront Festival was an annual festival in Oakville, Ontario, since 1982.The Oakville Waterfront Festival was Oakville's largest, most popular and eagerly anticipated event that ran for 18 years...

. Among a range of events, the festival included small amusement park rides, arts and crafts, food and drinks, free concerts headlined by Canadian bands, and nightly fireworks displays. The Waterfront Festival took place in late June of each year until 2010, when it was cancelled due to financial difficulties, despite having annual attendance of up to 100,000 visitors.

Past headliners at the Waterfront Festival included Jann Arden
Jann Arden
Jann Arden is a Canadian singer-songwriter.-Life and career:Arden was born and raised near Calgary in Springbank, Alberta and attended Springbank Community High School. Her breakthrough came with her critically acclaimed 1993 debut album Time for Mercy and her first single "I Would Die For You"...

, Oakville resident Tom Cochrane
Tom Cochrane
Tom Cochrane, OC Canadian musician and humanitarian, best known for his hit songs "Life Is a Highway", "Lunatic Fringe", "Human Race" and "I Wish You Well". Cochrane fronted the Canadian rock band Red Rider and has won seven Juno Awards...

, Great Big Sea
Great Big Sea
Great Big Sea is a Canadian folk-rock band from Newfoundland and Labrador, best known for performing energetic rock interpretations of traditional Newfoundland folk songs including sea shanties, which draw from the island's 500-year-old Irish, English, and French heritage...

, Alannah Myles
Alannah Myles
Alannah Myles is a Canadian singer-songwriter, the daughter of Canadian broadcast pioneer William Douglas Byles. In 1989, she released her eponymous debut album...

, Blue Rodeo
Blue Rodeo
Blue Rodeo is a Canadian pop and country rock band, which was formed in 1984 in Toronto, Ontario. They have been signed with Warner Music Group since their debut album Outskirts in March 1987...

, Susan Aglukark
Susan Aglukark
Susan Aglukark, OC , is an Inuk musician whose blend of Inuit folk music traditions with country and pop songwriting has made her a major recording star in Canada. Her most successful single is "O Siem", which reached #1 on the Canadian country and adult contemporary charts in 1995...

, Michelle Wright
Michelle Wright
Michelle Wright is a Canadian country music artist. She is one of the country's most widely recognized and awarded female country singers of the 1990s, winning the Canadian Country Music Association's Fans' Choice Award twice...

, Jacksoul
Jacksoul
jacksoul, sometimes stylized as jackSOUL, was a Canadian soul and R&B band. Based in Toronto, the band was fronted by singer Haydain Neale, and was best known for their hits "Can't Stop" and "Still Believe in Love"....

, Colin James
Colin James
Colin James is a Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and record producer, who plays in the blues, rock, and neo-swing genres. He grew up as a Quaker.-Early years:...

, The Philosopher Kings
The Philosopher Kings
The Philosopher Kings are a Canadian rhythm and blues band who were most commercially successful in the late 1990s. The name of the band is derived from Plato's Republic, in which he outlines the design of an idealistic government, ruled by philosopher-kings...

, Jesse Cook
Jesse Cook
Jesse Cook is a Toronto-based guitarist, born in Paris to Canadian parents. Like other guitarists of his style of music, he incorporates funky jazz, latin & world music into his playing. Cook is also well known for the energy of his live shows. He has contributed to the Afro Celt Sound System album...

, Finger Eleven
Finger Eleven
Finger Eleven is a Canadian rock band from Burlington, Ontario, formed in 1989. They have currently released five studio albums, with their album The Greyest of Blue Skies bringing them into the mainstream...

, Justin Hines
Justin Hines
Justin Hines is a Canadian singer-songwriter who was born in Newmarket, Ontario.Hines has a rare genetic joint condition called Larsen's syndrome and uses a wheelchair. He is a strong supporter of charity and has performed at many fund raising events...

, Bedouin Soundclash
Bedouin Soundclash
Bedouin Soundclash is a Canadian band currently based in Toronto. Their sound can be described as reggae and ska.-History:The band's current lineup consists of vocalist and guitarist Jay Malinowski, and bassist Eon Sinclair with Sekou Lumumba on drums. Their debut album, Root Fire, released in 2001...

, Ill Scarlett, Jully Black
Jully Black
Jully Black |Julie]]"; born Jullyann Inderia Gordon; November 8, 1977) is a Canadian R&B singer–songwriter. She has collaborated and written for many artists, including Nas, Missy Elliott, Saukrates, Choclair, Kardinal Offishall, Destiny's Child, and Sean Paul.-Life & career:Black was born Jullyann...

, and Hedley
Hedley (band)
Hedley is a Canadian pop rock band comprising lead singer Jacob Hoggard, Tommy Mac on bass, Dave Rosin on lead guitar and Chris Crippin on drums. The current band retains the original name of Hoggard's pre-Canadian Idol group, although the membership has changed. The band originated in Abbotsford,...

.

For the Love of the Arts Festival

The For the Love of the Arts Festival is an annual event taking place in the late spring in Oakville. Inaugurated in 2002, the event is hosted by CommUnity Arts Spacehttp://www.CommUnityArtsSpace.ca, a local umbrella group advocating for shared physical space for Oakville's arts and cultural groups. Currently the only such multi-disciplinary community festival of its kind in Oakville, the event serves to showcase local talent, skills, crafts, literary art, dance performances, theatre groups and music performances. The event is intended as a symbolic presentation of a "shared space" and is entirely sponsored by local corporate and private donations.

Midnight Madness

Downtown Oakville also hosts an annual street festival known as Midnight Madness. The event typically takes place during the month of July and provides an opportunity for local stores and vendors to showcase new products and sales, as well as a venue for local artists to perform at a number of street-level stages.

Education

Elementary schools and high schools in Oakville are a mix of private and public schools, with one of the highest ratios of private schools to student population in the country. Oakville is covered by the Halton District School Board
Halton District School Board
The Halton District School Board serves public school students throughout Halton Region, including the municipalities of Burlington, Halton Hills, Milton and Oakville. Its administration area is to the southwest of the city of Toronto. In 2006-2007, it served almost 50,000 students, excluding...

, Halton Catholic District School Board
Halton Catholic District School Board
The Halton Catholic District School Board has its headquarters in Burlington, Ontario, Canada.The Halton Catholic District School Board is the Catholic English, English language school board for the region.-History:...

, Conseil scolaire de district du Centre-Sud-Ouest
Conseil scolaire de district du Centre-Sud-Ouest
The Conseil scolaire Viamonde manages the French-language Public Schools in the central south-western region of Ontario. The area in which this school board operates covers 68,180 km2 of Ontario...

, and Conseil scolaire de district catholique Centre-Sud
Conseil scolaire de district catholique Centre-Sud
Conseil scolaire de district catholique Centre-Sud is the Roman Catholic separate, French language school board for the South-Central region of Ontario. It is headquartered in North York, Toronto, Ontario, Canada...

.

The city is home to Appleby College
Appleby College
Appleby College is an international independent school located in Oakville, Ontario, Canada, founded in 1911 by John Guest, a former Headmaster of the Preparatory School at Upper Canada College...

, a private school established in 1911. Oakville is also home to Sheridan College
Sheridan College
Sheridan College Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning is a diploma and degree granting Canadian polytechnic institute with approximately 15,000 full time students and 35,000 continuing education students...

, a renowned animation and business studies institute, and Oakville's only higher education facility.

Municipal and regional

At the municipal level, the governing body is the Oakville Town Council
Oakville Town Council
The Oakville Town Council is the governing body of Oakville, Ontario, Canada.The council consists of the mayor plus twelve elected councillors, two per ward, representing the town as a whole....

 consisting of a mayor (currently Rob Burton
Rob Burton
Rob Burton is the mayor of Oakville, Ontario, in Canada. He was elected in the municipal elections of 2006, having very narrowly lost the 2003 elections to Ann Mulvale. He was re-elected to office in the 2010 municipal elections.-External links:* * *...

) and twelve councillors. The town is divided into six wards, with two councillors elected by residents of each ward.

In each ward one councillor represents the ward solely on Oakville Town Council, and the other is a member of the 21-member governing council of the Regional Municipality of Halton, in addition to being a member of the 13-member Town Council.

Provincial

Oakville is situated in two provincial ridings which use the same boundaries as the federal ridings and are currently represented provincially by:
  • Oakville Riding
    Oakville (provincial electoral district)
    Oakville is a provincial electoral district in Ontario, Canada, that has been represented in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario since 1999.-Riding history:It was created in 1996 from parts of Halton and Oakville—Milton ridings....

    : Kevin Flynn (Liberal)
  • Halton Riding
    Halton (provincial electoral district)
    Halton is a provincial electoral district in Central Ontario, Canada. It elects one member to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario.It was created in 1999 from all of Halton North and part of Halton Centre...

    : Ted Chudleigh
    Ted Chudleigh
    Ted Chudleigh is a politician in Ontario, Canada. He is a member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, representing the riding of Halton for the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario...

     (PC
    Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario
    The Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario , is a right-of-centre political party in Ontario, Canada. The party was known for many years as "Ontario's natural governing party." It has ruled the province for 80 of the years since Confederation, including an uninterrupted run from 1943 to 1985...

    )

Federal

Oakville is situated in two federal ridings which are currently represented by:
  • Oakville Riding
    Oakville (electoral district)
    Oakville is a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada, that has been represented in the Canadian House of Commons since 1997.-History:It was created in 1996 from parts of Halton and Oakville—Milton ridings....

    : Terence Young
    Terence Young (politician)
    Terence Young is a politician in Ontario, Canada. He was elected for the riding of Oakville in the 2008 federal election, as a Conservative candidate. Previously, Young was a Progressive Conservative member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario between 1995 and 1999.-Early years:Young was the...

     (Conservative
    Conservative Party of Canada
    The Conservative Party of Canada , is a political party in Canada which was formed by the merger of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in 2003. It is positioned on the right of the Canadian political spectrum...

    )
  • Halton Riding
    Halton (electoral district)
    Halton is a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada, represented in the Canadian House of Commons from 1867 to 1988 and again since 1997. Its population in 2001 was 100,055.-Geography:...

    : Lisa Raitt
    Lisa Raitt
    Lisa Raitt, PC, MP is a Canadian politician, who is the Conservative Party Member of Parliament for the riding of Halton. She is the current Minister of Labour in the Cabinet of Canada.-Background:...

     (Conservative
    Conservative Party of Canada
    The Conservative Party of Canada , is a political party in Canada which was formed by the merger of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in 2003. It is positioned on the right of the Canadian political spectrum...

    )

The Oakville Arts Council

The Oakville Arts Council
Oakville Arts Council
The Oakville Arts Council promotes arts and culture in Oakville, Ontario. They are a not-for-profit charitable, umbrella organization representing a large and diverse membership from the Oakville arts community. Formed in 1978, the Oakville Arts Council strives to bring the best in arts and culture...

 (OAC) promotes arts and culture in Oakville. Formed in 1978, the Council is a not-for-profit charitable, umbrella organization representing a large and diverse membership from the Oakville arts community. Its mission is to cultivate the arts and to enrich the creative life of the Community of Oakville. The OAC provides a collective voice for, and is the most comprehensive resource for the Arts in Oakville - connecting the public to more than 300 individual artists, arts groups and business members, their exhibitions, events and classes. Members are entitled to a variety of services intended to enable artistic pursuits including promotional, educational, networking and training opportunities. The Council publishes Arts About Town, Oakville's only magazine dedicated to local artists and arts issues. For more information about the Oakville Arts Council’s services or to visit their up-to-date calendar of local art events visit www.oakvillearts.com.

Oakville Centre for the Performing Arts

The Oakville Centre for the Performing Arts
Oakville Centre for the Performing Arts
The Oakville Centre for the Performing Arts is a municipally run multi-use facility which opened in downtown Oakville, Ontario, Canada in 1977. The Oakville Centre was built to provide Oakville residents with a place to learn about themselves and the world around them through dance, music,...

 houses several performances by local and international artists. It is also the performing venue for the Oakville Symphony Orchestra
Oakville Symphony Orchestra
The Oakville Symphony Orchestra is a Canadian orchestra performing in Oakville, Ontario.The OSO was founded in 1967 by Kenneth Hollier, a local musician and educator with a mission statement to “make music for the pleasure of its members and the enjoyment of its audience”...

 and the Oakville Ballet Company
Oakville Ballet Company
The Oakville Ballet Company is a ballet company in Oakville, Ontario, Canada.-The Oakville School of Dance:The Oakville School of Dance is a renowned classical ballet school in Oakville, Ontario. It was founded by Elizabeth Paterson and is now owned by her daughter, Amanda Bayliss.The Oakville...

. The Oakville Arts Council provides further artistic talents in the town showcasing films, literary figures and visual arts.

CommUnity Arts Space

The Town of Oakville boasts many not-for-profit artistic, musical and cultural groups. These groups have been struggling to develop membership and programming due to lacking physical spaces. The groups joined forces in 2004, advocating for a shared space for arts, music and culture in Oakville, spearheaded by an advocacy group called CommUnity Arts Space (CUAS). CUAS has worked for a shared home for the arts and cultural groups for many years and is looking forward to the opening of Oakville's newest community centre in the former Queen Elizabeth Park (QEP) high school in Bronte, Oakville, in September 2011. The 140000 sq ft (13,006.4 m²). facility, owned and operated by the Town of Oakville, will provide easy access to recreational, cultural and artistic programmes for residents of all ages, and will provide an enormous range of opportunities for joint programmes, events and educational opportunities.

Oakville Galleries

Oakville Galleries is a not-for-profit contemporary art museum that receives public funding from the Town of Oakville and several local, regional and national granting agencies. It is a collecting institution, holding more than 1,100 works of art. It operates out of two venues: Oakville Galleries at Centennial Square, located in downtown Oakville, and Oakville Galleries in Gairloch Gardens, located in East Oakville.

Sister cities

Oakville is twinned with the cities of Dorval, in Quebec, and Neyagawa, Japan. The Town of Oakville has named two major streets for these cities.

Media

Oakville is primarily served by media based in Toronto with markets in the Greater Toronto Area
Greater Toronto Area
The Greater Toronto Area is the largest metropolitan area in Canada, with a 2006 census population of 5.5 million. The Greater Toronto Area is usually defined as the central city of Toronto, along with four regional municipalities surrounding it: Durham, Halton, Peel, and York...

 (GTA) that cover most of the news in the GTA. However, Oakville also has two regional newspapers. The Oakville Beaver
Oakville Beaver
The Oakville Beaver is a locally distributed community newspaper in Oakville, Ontario, Canada. It is published three times weekly by Metroland Media Group....

is published every Wednesday, Thursday and Friday and Oakville Today is published every Thursday.

The town also has two specialty radio stations: AM 1250 CJYE, a Christian music
Christian music
Christian music is music that has been written to express either personal or a communal belief regarding Christian life and faith. Common themes of Christian music include praise, worship, penitence, and lament, and its forms vary widely across the world....

 station and AM 1320 CJMR, a Multicultural
Multiculturalism
Multiculturalism is the appreciation, acceptance or promotion of multiple cultures, applied to the demographic make-up of a specific place, usually at the organizational level, e.g...

 station.

The following national cable television station also broadcast from Oakville:
  • The Weather Network
    The Weather Network
    The Weather Network is a Canadian English language Category A specialty channel that broadcasts weather-related news and information 24 hours a day....

    , broadcasts nationally from Oakville since 2005
  • Hamilton based Television station CHCH-DT serves Hamilton
    Hamilton, Ontario
    Hamilton is a port city in the Canadian province of Ontario. Conceived by George Hamilton when he purchased the Durand farm shortly after the War of 1812, Hamilton has become the centre of a densely populated and industrialized region at the west end of Lake Ontario known as the Golden Horseshoe...

    , Halton and Niagara, thus including Oakville. CHCH recently closed its Halton Bureau (due to budget considerations) which was located in downtown Oakville.
  • TVCogeco
    TVCogeco
    TVCogeco is the brand of community channels owned by Cogeco Cable, many of which share common programs. TVCogeco broadcasts into the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec. Some channels broadcast in both the English and French languages, often on separate channels.Programming on the channels are...

     from the studio in the Cogeco Cable Headquarters at Harvester Road & Burloak Drive, just inside of Burlington
    Burlington, Ontario
    Burlington , is a city located in Halton Region at the western end of Lake Ontario. Burlington is part of the Greater Toronto Area, and is also included in the Hamilton Census Metropolitan Area. Physically, Burlington lies between the north shore of Lake Ontario and the Niagara Escarpment...

    .

Transportation

  • Oakville Transit
    Oakville Transit
    Oakville Transit is the public transportation provider in Oakville, Ontario, Canada since 1972. It is a department of the town, and a member of the Canadian Urban Transit Association. It offers the typical conventional bus service, and a para-transit service, called care-A-van, for those unable to...

     provides local bus service.
  • GO Transit
    GO Transit
    GO Transit is an inter-regional public transit system in Southern Ontario, Canada. It primarily serves the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area conurbation, with operations extending to several communities beyond the GTHA proper in the Greater Golden Horseshoe...

     commuter rail and bus service operates from Bronte and Oakville stations.
  • Via Rail
    VIA Rail
    Via Rail Canada is an independent crown corporation offering intercity passenger rail services in Canada. It is headquartered near Montreal Central Station at 3 Place Ville-Marie in Montreal, Quebec....

     services along the line between Windsor and Quebec corridor, and operates from Oakville station.


The Town of Oakville Water's Air Rescue Force (TOWARF) is a volunteer organization that provides marine search and rescue service in Western Lake Ontario. It was founded in 1954 and was a charter member of the Canadian Coast Guard Auxiliary
Canadian Coast Guard Auxiliary
The Canadian Coast Guard Auxiliary or CCGA is a Canada-wide volunteer marine association dedicated to marine search and rescue and the promotion of boating safety, through association with the Canadian Coast Guard under the auspices of Canada's National Search and Rescue Program.-History:Coastal...

.

See also

:Category:People from Oakville, Ontario

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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