New Flyer Industries
Overview
 
New Flyer Industries Inc. is a bus
Bus
A bus is a road vehicle designed to carry passengers. Buses can have a capacity as high as 300 passengers. The most common type of bus is the single-decker bus, with larger loads carried by double-decker buses and articulated buses, and smaller loads carried by midibuses and minibuses; coaches are...

 manufacturer in North America
North America
North America is a continent wholly within the Northern Hemisphere and almost wholly within the Western Hemisphere. It is also considered a northern subcontinent of the Americas...

, headquartered in Winnipeg, Manitoba
Manitoba
Manitoba is a Canadian prairie province with an area of . The province has over 110,000 lakes and has a largely continental climate because of its flat topography. Agriculture, mostly concentrated in the fertile southern and western parts of the province, is vital to the province's economy; other...

, Canada
Canada
Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west, and northward into the Arctic Ocean...

. It also has factories in Crookston
Crookston, Minnesota
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,192 people, 3,078 households, and 1,819 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,658.8 people per square mile . There were 3,382 housing units at an average density of 684.8 per square mile...

 and St. Cloud
St. Cloud, Minnesota
St. Cloud is a city in the U.S. state of Minnesota and the largest population center in the state's central region. The population was 65,842 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Stearns County...

, Minnesota
Minnesota
Minnesota is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern United States. The twelfth largest state of the U.S., it is the twenty-first most populous, with 5.3 million residents. Minnesota was carved out of the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory and admitted to the Union as the thirty-second state...

, USA.
New Flyer was founded by John Coval in 1930 as the Western Auto and Truck Body Works Ltd. Reflecting an increased focus on bus manufacturing, it changed its name in 1948 to Western Flyer Coach.

In the 1960s the company further focused on the urban transit
Public transport
Public transport is a shared passenger transportation service which is available for use by the general public, as distinct from modes such as taxicab, car pooling or hired buses which are not shared by strangers without private arrangement.Public transport modes include buses, trolleybuses, trams...

 bus market.
Encyclopedia
New Flyer Industries Inc. is a bus
Bus
A bus is a road vehicle designed to carry passengers. Buses can have a capacity as high as 300 passengers. The most common type of bus is the single-decker bus, with larger loads carried by double-decker buses and articulated buses, and smaller loads carried by midibuses and minibuses; coaches are...

 manufacturer in North America
North America
North America is a continent wholly within the Northern Hemisphere and almost wholly within the Western Hemisphere. It is also considered a northern subcontinent of the Americas...

, headquartered in Winnipeg, Manitoba
Manitoba
Manitoba is a Canadian prairie province with an area of . The province has over 110,000 lakes and has a largely continental climate because of its flat topography. Agriculture, mostly concentrated in the fertile southern and western parts of the province, is vital to the province's economy; other...

, Canada
Canada
Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west, and northward into the Arctic Ocean...

. It also has factories in Crookston
Crookston, Minnesota
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,192 people, 3,078 households, and 1,819 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,658.8 people per square mile . There were 3,382 housing units at an average density of 684.8 per square mile...

 and St. Cloud
St. Cloud, Minnesota
St. Cloud is a city in the U.S. state of Minnesota and the largest population center in the state's central region. The population was 65,842 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Stearns County...

, Minnesota
Minnesota
Minnesota is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern United States. The twelfth largest state of the U.S., it is the twenty-first most populous, with 5.3 million residents. Minnesota was carved out of the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory and admitted to the Union as the thirty-second state...

, USA.

History

New Flyer was founded by John Coval in 1930 as the Western Auto and Truck Body Works Ltd. Reflecting an increased focus on bus manufacturing, it changed its name in 1948 to Western Flyer Coach.

In the 1960s the company further focused on the urban transit
Public transport
Public transport is a shared passenger transportation service which is available for use by the general public, as distinct from modes such as taxicab, car pooling or hired buses which are not shared by strangers without private arrangement.Public transport modes include buses, trolleybuses, trams...

 bus market. In 1971, the then-financially struggling Western Flyer was sold to the Manitoba Development Corporation, an agency of the Manitoba
Manitoba
Manitoba is a Canadian prairie province with an area of . The province has over 110,000 lakes and has a largely continental climate because of its flat topography. Agriculture, mostly concentrated in the fertile southern and western parts of the province, is vital to the province's economy; other...

 government, and renamed Flyer Industries Limited.

On July 15, 1986, Jan den Oudsten, a descendant of the family who created the Dutch company Den Oudsten Bussen BV
Den Oudsten
Den Oudsten Bussen B.V. was a Dutch coachbuilder and components manufacturer. The company was founded in 1926 by a local carriage-builder, Marinus den Oudsten. The company's headquarters were based just outside the city of Woerden...

, purchased Flyer Industries from the Manitoba government, changing its name to New Flyer Industries Limited. Den Oudsten Bussen B.V was a bus manufacturer in its native country, the Netherlands
Netherlands
The Netherlands is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, located mainly in North-West Europe and with several islands in the Caribbean. Mainland Netherlands borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east, and shares maritime borders...

.

New Flyer subsequently introduced North America's first low-floor bus
Low-floor bus
A low-floor bus is a bus that has no steps between one or more entrances and part or all of the passenger cabin. Being low floor improves the accessibility of the bus for the public, particularly the elderly or infirm, or those with push chairs, and increasingly, those in wheelchairs.In the modern...

, delivering the D40LF to the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey is a bi-state port district, established in 1921 through an interstate compact, that runs most of the regional transportation infrastructure, including the bridges, tunnels, airports, and seaports, within the Port of New York and New Jersey...

 in 1991. In 2001, the delivery of 6,300 low-floor buses represented close to half of the North American fleet, confirming New Flyer as the dominant player in the transit bus manufacturing industry in North America, a role previously held by the now defunct Flxible
Flxible
The Flxible Co. was a motorcycle sidecar, funeral car, ambulance, intercity coach and transit bus manufacturing company based in the United States that was founded in 1913, and which closed in 1996.-History:In 1913, Hugo H. Young and Carl F...

.

In March 2002, New Flyer was acquired by KPS Special Situations Fund in New York
New York
New York is a state in the Northeastern region of the United States. It is the nation's third most populous state. New York is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south, and by Connecticut, Massachusetts and Vermont to the east...

. Also in the same year, Mr. den Oudsten retired as CEO of New Flyer Industries Ltd. and has recently been inducted into the Hall of Fame of the American Public Transportation Association
American Public Transportation Association
The American Public Transportation Association is a non-profit organization which serves as an advocate for the advancement of public transportation programs and initiatives in the United States. Since its founding in 1882, APTA has educated the public about the benefits of public transportation...

.

In 2003, King County Metro of Seattle, WA placed an order for 213 hybrid buses, the largest ever for hybrid buses up to that time. On December 15 of the same year, New Flyer announced that Harvest Partners
Harvest Partners
Harvest Partners is a private equity firm focused on leveraged buyout and growth capital investments in middle market industrial, business services, consumer and retail companies....

, Inc., a New York-based private equity
Private equity
Private equity, in finance, is an asset class consisting of equity securities in operating companies that are not publicly traded on a stock exchange....

 firm, had entered into definitive agreements to acquire New Flyer Industries Limited, from KPS Special Situations Fund. Lightyear Capital
Lightyear Capital
Lightyear Capital is a private equity firm focused on leveraged buyout and growth capital investments in financial services companies.The firm, which is based in New York City, was founded in 2002 with the backing of UBS AG by Donald Marron. Marron is best known for building up PaineWebber over a...

, a New York-based private equity firm, joined Harvest as a co-investor in the transaction. John Marinucci, CEO of New Flyer, said, "This is exciting news for New Flyer" And he went on to say that KPS specializes in turning around struggling businesses and that they typically do not hold assets after the turnaround has been accomplished. And that ever since the KPS purchase, New Flyer had achieved excellent operational and financial performance. He especially praised the employees.

2005 saw the introduction of optional redesigned front and rear endcaps for their buses. The new endcaps are an attempt to modernize and streamline the look of their fleet, which is more or less a box on wheels. Also, a new "R" suffix was applied on all units produced with the new endcaps. The redesigned endcaps made their debut with the 2005 E40LFR built for the Vancouver trolleybus system
Trolleybuses in Vancouver
The Vancouver trolleybus system forms part of the public transport network serving Metro Vancouver, in the province of British Columbia, Canada....

.

Between 2005 and the end of 2009, New Flyer supplied a total of 262 low-floor trolleybus
Trolleybus
A trolleybus is an electric bus that draws its electricity from overhead wires using spring-loaded trolley poles. Two wires and poles are required to complete the electrical circuit...

es to the Greater Vancouver Transportation Authority (now known as TransLink), of which 74 were articulated
Articulated bus
An articulated bus is an articulated vehicle used in public transportation. It is usually a single-deck design, and comprises two rigid sections linked by a pivoting joint...

 (model E60LFR). The original order, placed in late 2003, was for 188 E40LFR units and 40 E60LFR units. The first E40LFR was delivered in July 2005, and the rest of the 40 feet (12.2 m) units were delivered between August 2006 and September 2007. The first articulated, E60LFR trolleybus arrived in Vancouver in January 2007. TransLink decided to order an additional 34 articulated units, making the total 74, and delivery of the 73 production-series E60LFR units took place between October 2007 and autumn 2009.

Another purchaser of trolleybuses from New Flyer was SEPTA, operator of the Philadelphia trolleybus system
Trolleybuses in Philadelphia
The Philadelphia trolleybus system, or trackless trolley system as it is known by its operator, forms part of the public transportation network serving Philadelphia, in the state of Pennsylvania, United States. It opened on October 14, 1923, and is now is the second-longest-lived trolleybus...

. That agency placed an order with New Flyer in February 2006 for 38 E40LFR "trackless trolleys", as trolleybuses are known there. The first vehicle was delivered in June 2007, and the remaining 37 were received by SEPTA during 2008.
In October 2008, New Flyer Industries Canada ULC was named one of Canada's Top 100 Employers
Canada's Top 100 Employers
Canada's Top 100 Employers is an annual competition that recognizes the best places in Canada to work. First held in 1999, the project aims to single out the employers that lead their industries in offering exceptional working conditions and progressive human resources policies. Winners are...

 by Mediacorp Canada Inc., and was featured in Maclean's
Maclean's
Maclean's is a Canadian weekly news magazine, reporting on Canadian issues such as politics, pop culture, and current events.-History:Founded in 1905 by Toronto journalist/entrepreneur Lt.-Col. John Bayne Maclean, a 43-year-old trade magazine publisher who purchased an advertising agency's in-house...

newsmagazine. Later that month, New Flyer was also named one of Manitoba's Top Employers
Manitoba's Top Employers
Manitoba's Top Employers is an annual competition that recognizes the best places to work in Manitoba. Published annually since October 2006, the designation singles out the employers in the province that lead their industries in creating forward-thinking workplaces with progressive human...

, which was announced by the Winnipeg Free Press
Winnipeg Free Press
The Winnipeg Free Press is a daily broadsheet newspaper in Winnipeg, Manitoba. Founded in 1872, as the Manitoba Free Press, it is the oldest newspaper in western Canada. It is the newspaper with the largest readership in the province....

 newspaper.

Model designations

Current Flyer model numbers are composed of a core that indicates the power source and the length (in feet), and a prefix or suffix which designates the model. Note that not all possible combinations have been offered.
Model Power Length Model
omitted for LFR   E = electric
Trolleybus
A trolleybus is an electric bus that draws its electricity from overhead wires using spring-loaded trolley poles. Two wires and poles are required to complete the electrical circuit...

 trolleybus
GE = gasoline-electric
Hybrid electric vehicle
A hybrid electric vehicle is a type of hybrid vehicle and electric vehicle which combines a conventional internal combustion engine propulsion system with an electric propulsion system. The presence of the electric powertrain is intended to achieve either better fuel economy than a conventional...

 hybrid
  H = hydrogen fuel cell (40LFR only)
HE = hydrogen
Hydrogen
Hydrogen is the chemical element with atomic number 1. It is represented by the symbol H. With an average atomic weight of , hydrogen is the lightest and most abundant chemical element, constituting roughly 75% of the Universe's chemical elemental mass. Stars in the main sequence are mainly...

 hybrid-electric
  L = liquefied natural gas
Liquefied natural gas
Liquefied natural gas or LNG is natural gas that has been converted temporarily to liquid form for ease of storage or transport....

30 = 30 feet (9.1 m)
35 = 35 feet (10.7 m)
40 = 40 feet (12.2 m)
41 = 41 feet (12.5 m)
60 = 60 feet (18.3 m) articulated
LFR = low floor, restyled front
X = Xcelsior   C = compressed natural gas
Compressed natural gas
Compressed natural gas is a fossil fuel substitute for gasoline , diesel, or propane/LPG. Although its combustion does produce greenhouse gases, it is a more environmentally clean alternative to those fuels, and it is much safer than other fuels in the event of a spill...


    replaced by N for Xcelsior model
  D = diesel
DE = diesel-electric
Hybrid electric vehicle
A hybrid electric vehicle is a type of hybrid vehicle and electric vehicle which combines a conventional internal combustion engine propulsion system with an electric propulsion system. The presence of the electric powertrain is intended to achieve either better fuel economy than a conventional...

 hybrid
  N = natural gas (CNG
Compressed natural gas
Compressed natural gas is a fossil fuel substitute for gasoline , diesel, or propane/LPG. Although its combustion does produce greenhouse gases, it is a more environmentally clean alternative to those fuels, and it is much safer than other fuels in the event of a spill...

 or LNG
Liquefied natural gas
Liquefied natural gas or LNG is natural gas that has been converted temporarily to liquid form for ease of storage or transport....

)
omitted for Xcelsior


Current production

Model Length Photo Introduced Notes
30LFR 30 feet (9.1 m) 2005
  • Not available in GE or E versions
35LFR 35 feet (10.7 m) 2005
  • Not available in E version
  • Only C, D and GE version currently available
  • 40LFR
    40 feet (12.2 m)
    DE40LFR

    E40LFR
    2005
  • Available in all versions. Restyled version of the 40LF, hence the "R" in the name
  • 60LFR 60 feet (18.3 m)
    DE60LFR

    DE60LFR
    2005
  • Not available in C, L, or GE versions
  • Xcelsior 35 feet (10.7 m)
    40 feet (12.2 m)
    60 feet (18.3 m)

    XDE40

    XDE40
    2008
  • 10% weight reduction compared to previous models
  • Available in C, D and DE versions.


  • Discontinued models

    Model Introduced Discontinued Maximum
    Seats
    Notes Photo

    New Flyer Industries

    Power Length Floor height Model
      C = compressed natural gas
    Compressed natural gas
    Compressed natural gas is a fossil fuel substitute for gasoline , diesel, or propane/LPG. Although its combustion does produce greenhouse gases, it is a more environmentally clean alternative to those fuels, and it is much safer than other fuels in the event of a spill...


      D = diesel
    DE = diesel-electric
    Hybrid electric vehicle
    A hybrid electric vehicle is a type of hybrid vehicle and electric vehicle which combines a conventional internal combustion engine propulsion system with an electric propulsion system. The presence of the electric powertrain is intended to achieve either better fuel economy than a conventional...

     hybrid
      E = electric
    Trolleybus
    A trolleybus is an electric bus that draws its electricity from overhead wires using spring-loaded trolley poles. Two wires and poles are required to complete the electrical circuit...

     trolleybus
      F = fuel cell
    Fuel cell
    A fuel cell is a device that converts the chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through a chemical reaction with oxygen or another oxidizing agent. Hydrogen is the most common fuel, but hydrocarbons such as natural gas and alcohols like methanol are sometimes used...


    GE = gasoline-electric
    Hybrid electric vehicle
    A hybrid electric vehicle is a type of hybrid vehicle and electric vehicle which combines a conventional internal combustion engine propulsion system with an electric propulsion system. The presence of the electric powertrain is intended to achieve either better fuel economy than a conventional...

     hybrid
      H = hybrid diesel-electric
    HE = hydrogen
    Hydrogen
    Hydrogen is the chemical element with atomic number 1. It is represented by the symbol H. With an average atomic weight of , hydrogen is the lightest and most abundant chemical element, constituting roughly 75% of the Universe's chemical elemental mass. Stars in the main sequence are mainly...

     hybrid-electric
      L = liquefied natural gas
    Liquefied natural gas
    Liquefied natural gas or LNG is natural gas that has been converted temporarily to liquid form for ease of storage or transport....

    30 = 30 feet (9.1 m)
    35 = 35 feet (10.7 m)
    40 = 40 feet (12.2 m)
    41 = 41 feet (12.5 m)
    60 = 60 feet (18.3 m) articulated
    none = high-floor none = standard transit
    i = Invero low-floor
    S = suburban
    V = Viking coach
    HF = high-floor
    LF = low-floor
    none = standard transit
    A = bus rapid transit
    Bus rapid transit
    Bus rapid transit is a term applied to a variety of public transportation systems using buses to provide faster, more efficient service than an ordinary bus line. Often this is achieved by making improvements to existing infrastructure, vehicles and scheduling...

    D30LF
    DE30LF
    1996 2009 DE version was never built.
    LFA 2005 2010 35LFA available only in DE, 40LFA available only in C, D, DE or GE, 60LFA available only in D or DE versions.
    D35 1988 1997 Also known as D35HF.
    D35LF
    DE35LF
    L35LF
    1996 2009
    C40
    D40
    L40
    1987 1999
    Also known as the C40HF, D40HF and L40HF respectively.
    D40LF
    DE40LF
    GE40LF
    L40LF
    1989 2009
    (see notes)
    Interior and exterior revisions and different engines were added to these models. Various outstanding orders filled into 2010, and order negiotiated with New York MTA
    Metropolitan Transportation Authority (New York)
    The Metropolitan Transportation Authority of the State of New York is a public benefit corporation responsible for public transportation in the U.S...

     for delivery from 2011 to 2012.
    D40i
    DE40i
    Invero
    2001 2007 One of the largest customers was OC Transpo
    OC Transpo
    OC Transpo is the urban transit service of the City of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. An integrated hub-and-spoke system of services is available consisting of: regular buses travelling on fixed routes in mixed traffic, typical of most urban transit systems; a bus rapid transit system — a high...

     in Ottawa
    Ottawa
    Ottawa is the capital of Canada, the second largest city in the Province of Ontario, and the fourth largest city in the country. The city is located on the south bank of the Ottawa River in the eastern portion of Southern Ontario...

    , Ontario
    Ontario
    Ontario is a province of Canada, located in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province and second largest in total area. It is home to the nation's most populous city, Toronto, and the nation's capital, Ottawa....

    . This model is also used by Burlington Transit and London Transit
    London Transit
    The London Transit Commission , is responsible for the operation of the public transit system on behalf of the City of London, Ontario, Canada. In 2010, annual ridership totalled 21.45 million...

    . Ten units operated by Winnipeg Transit.
    Only a small number of DE40i (hybrid diesel/electric) versions were produced. They were ordered by the Roaring Fork Transportation Authority
    Roaring Fork Transportation Authority
    Roaring Fork Transportation Authority was established in 1983, and is operated by a Rural Transportation Authority. The RFTA provides bus service to Aspen, Snowmass Village, Pitkin County, Basalt, a portion of Eagle County, Carbondale, Glenwood Springs and their newest member New Castle.-Fleet:RFTA...

     in Aspen, Colorado
    Aspen, Colorado
    The City of Aspen is a Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and the most populous city of Pitkin County, Colorado, United States. The United States Census Bureau estimates that the city population was 5,804 in 2005...

    .
    D40S 1988 1994 A suburban version of the D40; manufactured for GO Transit
    GO Transit
    GO Transit is an inter-regional public transit system in Southern Ontario, Canada. It primarily serves the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area conurbation, with operations extending to several communities beyond the GTHA proper in the Greater Golden Horseshoe...

     only.
    F40LF 1996 1996 Hydrogen fuel cell prototype.
    HE40LF 2006 2006 Hydrogen-electric hybrid demo for SunLine
    SunLine Transit Agency
    SunLine Transit Agency , a transit operator in Riverside County , is a transit agency providing bus service in the Coachella Valley area...

    .
    DE41LF 2007 2009 5 units built for HSR
    Hamilton Street Railway
    The Hamilton Street Railway Company is the Transit Division of the City of Hamilton, Public Works Department in Ontario, Canada. The name is a legacy of the days when the majority of public transit vehicles were streetcars; the present-day Hamilton Street Railway is in fact a bus operator...

     and 220 units built for SEPTA.
    D45S ITV
    Viking
    1998 1999 104 units built for Houston METRO
    Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County, Texas
    The Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County is a major public transportation agency based in Houston . It operates bus, light rail, future commuter rail, and paratransit service in the city as well as most of Harris County...

     and the NYC Transit Authority
    New York City Transit buses
    New York City Transit buses, marked on the buses MTA New York City Bus, is a bus service that operates in all five boroughs of New York City, employing over 4300 buses on 219 routes within the five boroughs of New York City in the United States...

    .
    D60
    E60
    Galaxy
    1988 2004 Articulated, also known as the D60HF and E60HF respectively. The E60 was only built from 1992-1994 for Muni
    San Francisco Municipal Railway
    The San Francisco Municipal Railway is the public transit system for the city and county of San Francisco, California. In 2006, it served with an operating budget of about $700 million...

    .
    DE60LF 1997 2009
    (see notes)
    Articulated. Outstanding orders filled in 2010.

    Flyer Industries Limited
     
    A and B suffixes denoted update versions.
    D700
    D700A
    1968 1974 53 Similar to the Flxible New Look.
    E700
    E700A
    1968 1973 53 Trolleybus
    Trolleybus
    A trolleybus is an electric bus that draws its electricity from overhead wires using spring-loaded trolley poles. Two wires and poles are required to complete the electrical circuit...

     version of the D700/D700A; D700A shells sold to TTC
    Toronto Transit Commission
    -Island Ferry:The ferry service to the Toronto Islands was operated by the TTC from 1927 until 1962, when it was transferred to the Metro Parks and Culture department. Since 1998, the ferry service is run by Toronto Parks and Recreation.-Gray Coach:...

     to reuse components from Canadian Car & Foundry-Brill T48 and T48A trolleybuses.
    D800
    D800B
    1974 1981 53 This model is based on the AM General
    AM General
    AM General is an American heavy vehicle manufacturer based in South Bend, Indiana. It is best known for the civilian Hummer and the military Humvee, that is assembled in Mishawaka, Indiana...

     Metropolitan, which itself was an updated version of the D700. Offered in -9635 (96 inches (2.4 m) × 35 feet (10.7 m)) and -10240 (102 inches (2.6 m) × 40 feet (12.2 m)) versions.
    E800
    E800A
    1974 1978 53 Trolleybus version of the D800/D800B. Notable operators of the E800 were the MBTA (Boston
    Boston
    Boston is the capital of and largest city in Massachusetts, and is one of the oldest cities in the United States. The largest city in New England, Boston is regarded as the unofficial "Capital of New England" for its economic and cultural impact on the entire New England region. The city proper had...

    , Massachusetts
    Massachusetts
    The Commonwealth of Massachusetts is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. It is bordered by Rhode Island and Connecticut to the south, New York to the west, and Vermont and New Hampshire to the north; at its east lies the Atlantic Ocean. As of the 2010...

    ) and Muni
    San Francisco Municipal Railway
    The San Francisco Municipal Railway is the public transit system for the city and county of San Francisco, California. In 2006, it served with an operating budget of about $700 million...

     (San Francisco, California
    California
    California is a state located on the West Coast of the United States. It is by far the most populous U.S. state, and the third-largest by land area...

    ). The E800A was delivered only to the Hamilton Street Railway
    Hamilton Street Railway
    The Hamilton Street Railway Company is the Transit Division of the City of Hamilton, Public Works Department in Ontario, Canada. The name is a legacy of the days when the majority of public transit vehicles were streetcars; the present-day Hamilton Street Railway is in fact a bus operator...

     (Hamilton, Ontario
    Hamilton, Ontario
    Hamilton is a port city in the Canadian province of Ontario. Conceived by George Hamilton when he purchased the Durand farm shortly after the War of 1812, Hamilton has become the centre of a densely populated and industrialized region at the west end of Lake Ontario known as the Golden Horseshoe...

    ).
    D900 1978 1980 53
    D901
    D901A
    1980 1986 53 Revised front with rounded corners.
    E901A 1981 1982 53 This trolleybus model was only built for BC Transit
    BC Transit
    BC Transit is a provincial crown agency responsible for coordinating the delivery of public transportation within British Columbia, Canada, outside of Greater Vancouver...

    . Production continued with the E902 model, which may be identical (no differences between the E901A and E902 have ever been identified).
    D902 1984 1984 53 This model was only built for Muni
    San Francisco Municipal Railway
    The San Francisco Municipal Railway is the public transit system for the city and county of San Francisco, California. In 2006, it served with an operating budget of about $700 million...

    .
    E902 1982 1984 53 This trolleybus model was only built for BC Transit
    BC Transit
    BC Transit is a provincial crown agency responsible for coordinating the delivery of public transportation within British Columbia, Canada, outside of Greater Vancouver...

     and may be simply a redesignation of the E901A model, as no differences between the E901A and E902 models have ever been identified.

    Western Flyer Coach
     
    Western Flyer 1941 1941 Front engine highway coach; no official model name.
    T-28 1945 1945 28 highway coach
    T-32 1945 1959 32 gasoline engine highway coach
    T-36 1950 1955 36 standard highway coach
    T36-2L 1955 1955 36 split-level 40-2L body
    Canuck 1953 diesel rear engine prototype
    P-37 Canuck 1955 37 gasoline rear engine
    C-40 1949 1955 40 intercity coach
    T-40 1949 1955 40 transit version of the C-40
    P-37 Canuck 1955 1958 37 intercity coach
    P-41 Canuck 1958 1964 41 diesel rear engine intercity coach
    D500 Canuck 1964 1967 37 31 feet (9.4 m) diesel rear engine
    D600 Canuck 1967 1968 45 38 feet (11.6 m) lengthened version of D500

    Western Auto & Truck Body Works
     
    Buda Lo-525 1937 1941? 32 First bus produced by company; sold to Grey Goose Bus Lines
    Grey Goose Bus Lines
    Grey Goose Bus Lines is a subsidiary of Greyhound Canada operating in the Canadian province of Manitoba.-1924-1934:Brown Brothers Bus LineJohn Smith started a bus service between Winnipeg and Carman.-1934-1961:...

    .


    Source: New Flyer Industries Inc.

    Further reading

    • http://www.newflyer.com/index/news-app/story.47
    • http://www.metrokc.gov/exec/news/2007/0516bus.aspx

    External links

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