Lippstadt (ˈlɪpʃtat) is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia
North Rhine-Westphalia
North Rhine-Westphalia is the most populous state of Germany, with four of the country's ten largest cities. The state was formed in 1946 as a merger of the northern Rhineland and Westphalia, both formerly part of Prussia. Its capital is Düsseldorf. The state is currently run by a coalition of the...

, Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

. It is the largest town within the district of Soest.


Lippstadt is situated in the Lippe
Lippe River
The Lippe is a river in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is a right tributary of the Rhine and in length.The source is located at the edge of the Teutoburg Forest in Bad Lippspringe close to the city of Paderborn. It runs westward through Paderborn, Lippstadt and then along the northern edge...

 valley, roughly 70 kilometres east of Dortmund
Dortmund is a city in Germany. It is located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. Its population of 585,045 makes it the 7th largest city in Germany and the 34th largest in the European Union....

 and roughly 30 kilometres west of Paderborn
Paderborn is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, capital of the Paderborn district. The name of the city derives from the river Pader, which originates in more than 200 springs near Paderborn Cathedral, where St. Liborius is buried.-History:...

. The historic town centre is situated between an artificial canal of the river Lippe and the river itself.

Neighbouring municipalities
  • Bad Sassendorf
    Bad Sassendorf
    Bad Sassendorf is a municipality in the district of Soest, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.-History:From February 15th, 1944 to April 4th or 5th 1945 inmates of the Neuengamme concentration camp used as the Eisenbahnbaubrigade 11 repaired rail tracks at the railway station Soest and between Bad...

  • Delbrück
    Delbrück is a town in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, located in the district Paderborn. As of 2002 it has a population of 29,846.-History:...

  • Erwitte
    Erwitte is a town in the district of Soest, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.-Geography:Erwitte is situated approx. 8 km south of Lippstadt and 15 km east of Soest.- Neighbouring municipalities:* Lippstadt* Geseke* Rüthen* Anröchte...

  • Geseke
    Geseke is a town in the district of Soest, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.-Geography:It is situated approx. 12 km south-east of Lippstadt and 20 km south-west of Paderborn.- Neighbouring municipalities:* Büren* Erwitte* Lippstadt...

  • Langenberg
  • Lippetal
    Lippetal is a municipality in the district of Soest, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.- Geography :Lippetal is located north and south of the river Lippe between the cities of Lippstadt and Hamm . Lippetal is situated at the northern boundary of the Soester Börde, south of the river Lippe and...

  • Rietberg
    Rietberg is a town in the district of Gütersloh in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located approx. 10 km south of Gütersloh and 25 km north-west of Paderborn in the region Ostwestfalen-Lippe. The town is located at the river Ems. There are 28,878 people living in...

  • Salzkotten
    Salzkotten is a town in the district of Paderborn, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The name Salzkotten is based on the former salt production, which gave Salzkotten its raison d'être...

  • Wadersloh
    Wadersloh is a municipality in the district of Warendorf, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is situated approx. 10 km north-west of Lippstadt and 30 km east of Hamm. In it there is a grammar school which is named Gymnasium Johanneum. Wadersloh was the place of a bike race in 2008...

  • Division of the town

    Lippstadt consists of 18 districts:
    • Lippstadt
    • Bad Waldliesborn
    • Benninghausen
    • Bökenförde
    • Cappel
    • Dedinghausen
    • Eickelborn
    • Esbeck
    • Garfeln
  • Hellinghausen
  • Herringhausen
  • Hörste
  • Lipperbruch
  • Lipperode
  • Lohe
  • Overhagen
  • Rebbeke
  • Rixbeck

  • Twin towns — sister cities

    Lippstadt is twinned
    Town twinning
    Twin towns and sister cities are two of many terms used to describe the cooperative agreements between towns, cities, and even counties in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.- Terminology :...

     with: Uden
    Uden is a municipality and a town in the province of Noord-Brabant, Netherlands.- History :Uden was first recorded around 1190 as “Uthen”. However, earlier settlements have been found in the areas of the modern day Moleneind, Vorstenburg and Bitswijk and evidence of ice-age settlements has been...

    , Netherlands
    The Netherlands is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, located mainly in North-West Europe and with several islands in the Caribbean. Mainland Netherlands borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east, and shares maritime borders...

    , since 1971


    In the early 13th century Lippstadt, with a population of 2700, had four parish churches. There was an Augustinian abbey which had existed since 1281.

    Heinrich von Ahaus
    Heinrich von Ahaus
    Heinrich von Ahaus was the founder of the Brethren of the Common Life in Germany.-Biography:He was born in 1371, the natural son of Ludolf, Lord of the principality of Ahaus, and Hadwigis of Schöppingen...

     founded one of his communities for women of the Brethren of the Common Life
    Brethren of the Common Life
    The Brethren of the Common Life was a Roman Catholic pietist religious community founded in the 14th century by Gerard Groote, formerly a successful and worldly educator who had had a religious experience and preached a life of simple devotion to Jesus Christ...


    In 1523 it formed a defensive alliance together with the neighbouring cities of Osnabrück
    Osnabrück is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany, some 80 km NNE of Dortmund, 45 km NE of Münster, and some 100 km due west of Hanover. It lies in a valley penned between the Wiehen Hills and the northern tip of the Teutoburg Forest...

    , Dortmund
    Dortmund is a city in Germany. It is located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. Its population of 585,045 makes it the 7th largest city in Germany and the 34th largest in the European Union....

    , Soest
    Soest, Germany
    Soest is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is the capital of the Soest district. After Lippstadt, a neighbouring town, Soest is the second biggest town in its district.-Geography:...

     and Münster
    Münster is an independent city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in the northern part of the state and is considered to be the cultural centre of the Westphalia region. It is also capital of the local government region Münsterland...


    Augustinians studying at the University of Wittenberg brought Martin Luther's doctrine home with them. Thus in 1524 Lutheran doctrines were preached at Lippstadt by their prior
    Prior is an ecclesiastical title, derived from the Latin adjective for 'earlier, first', with several notable uses.-Monastic superiors:A Prior is a monastic superior, usually lower in rank than an Abbot. In the Rule of St...

     Westermann, and the town was one of the first to embrace Lutheranism officially, though it resisted the rise of Calvinism in rural areas of Westphalia.

    In 1821 the Papal Bull
    Papal bull
    A Papal bull is a particular type of letters patent or charter issued by a Pope of the Catholic Church. It is named after the bulla that was appended to the end in order to authenticate it....

     "De salute animarum", made over to the Bishopric of Paderborn
    Bishopric of Paderborn
    The Archdiocese of Paderborn is an Archdiocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in Germany; its seat is Paderborn. It was a diocese from its foundation in 799 until 1802, and again from 1821 until 1930. In 1930, it was promoted to an archdiocese...

     the Lippian parishes of Cappel, Lipperode and Lippstadt, which had previously belonged to the Archbishopric of Cologne
    Archbishopric of Cologne
    The Electorate of Cologne was an ecclesiastical principality of the Holy Roman Empire and existed from the 10th to the early 19th century. It consisted of the temporal possessions of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cologne . It was ruled by the Archbishop in his function as prince-elector of...

     without producing any ensuing agreement with the state of Lippe.

    In 1851 the whole of Lippstadt, which up to then had been divided between the Kingdom of Prussia
    Kingdom of Prussia
    The Kingdom of Prussia was a German kingdom from 1701 to 1918. Until the defeat of Germany in World War I, it comprised almost two-thirds of the area of the German Empire...

     and Lippe, was added to the Prussian royal province of Westphalia
    Province of Westphalia
    The Province of Westphalia was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free State of Prussia from 1815 to 1946.-History:Napoleon Bonaparte founded the Kingdom of Westphalia, which was a client state of the First French Empire from 1807 to 1813...


    In 1944 a women's subcamp of Buchenwald was founded in Lippstadt. It was also the site of a displaced persons camp
    Displaced persons camp
    A displaced persons camp or DP camp is a temporary facility for displaced persons coerced into forced migration. The term is mainly used for camps established after World War II in West Germany and in Austria, as well as in the United Kingdom, primarily for refugees from Eastern Europe and for the...

     in the years following World War II
    World War II
    World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

    . On 1 April 1945 the US 2nd Armored Division made contact with the 3rd Armored Division at Lippstadt, effecting junction of the US Ninth Army with the US First Army, and seized the city against scattered resistance.


    • Anton Praetorius
      Anton Praetorius
      Anton Praetorius was a German Calvinist pastor who spoke out against the persecution of witches and against torture.-Life and writings :...

       (b. 1560 in Lippstadt, d. 1613), theologian, fighter against witchcraft trials and torture
    • Anthony Eickhoff
      Anthony Eickhoff
      Gerhard Anton Eickhoff was a German-American journalist, editor, author, lawyer, United States Congress representative of New York City, United States Treasury auditor and New York City Fire Commissioner....

       (b. 1827 in Lippstadt-Benninghausen, d. 1901 in New York City), German-American author and politician
    • Martin Niemöller
      Martin Niemöller
      Friedrich Gustav Emil Martin Niemöller was a German anti-Nazi theologian and Lutheran pastor. He is best known as the author of the poem "First they came…"....

       (b. 1892 in Lippstadt, d. 1984), theologian
    • Professor Conrad Hansen (b. 24.11.1906 in Lippstadt, d. 2002) pianist and music educator
    • Kaspar Ulenberg
      Kaspar Ulenberg
      Kaspar Ulenberg was a Catholic convert, theological writer and translator of the Bible.He was born at Lippstadt on the Lippe, Westphalia, in 1549; died at Cologne, 16 Feb., 1617. He was the son of Lutheran parents and was intended for the Lutheran ministry...

      , Lutheran convert to Catholicism, theological writer and translator of the Bible into German
    • Karl-Heinz Rummenigge
      Karl-Heinz Rummenigge
      Karl-Heinz "Kalle" Rummenigge is a German former football player.He had his greatest career success with German club Bayern Munich, where he won the Intercontinental Cup, the European Cup, as well as two league titles and two domestic cups.A member of the German national team, Rummenigge won the...

       (b. 1955 in Lippstadt), former German footballer


    Lippstadt serves as headquarters of international automotive supplier Hella
    Hella (company)
    Hella KGaA Hueck & Co. is an internationally operating German automotive part supplier with headquarters in Lippstadt, North Rhine-Westphalia. Core businesses are vehicle lighting and electronics systems and components. Hella is also involved in the areas of vehicle diagnostics and thermal...

    . It is also home to a factory of large-diameter antifriction bearings, seamless-rolled rings manufacturer Rothe Erde.

    External links

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