Kemerovo is an industrial city in Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

, situated on the Tom River
Tom River
Tom is a river in Russia, a right tributary of the Ob. Its length is 540 miles . Its source is in the Abakan mountains , and it flows northward through the Kuznetsk Basin...

, east-northeast of Novosibirsk
Novosibirsk is the third-largest city in Russia, after Moscow and Saint Petersburg, and the largest city of Siberia, with a population of 1,473,737 . It is the administrative center of Novosibirsk Oblast as well as of the Siberian Federal District...

. It is the administrative center of Kemerovo Oblast
Kemerovo Oblast
Kemerovo Oblast , also known as Kuzbass after the Kuznetsk Basin, is a federal subject of Russia , located in southwestern Siberia, where the West Siberian Plain meets the South Siberian mountains...

, located in the major coal mining
Coal mining
The goal of coal mining is to obtain coal from the ground. Coal is valued for its energy content, and since the 1880s has been widely used to generate electricity. Steel and cement industries use coal as a fuel for extraction of iron from iron ore and for cement production. In the United States,...

 region of the Kuznetsk Basin
Kuznetsk Basin
The Kuznetsk Basin in southwestern Siberia, Russia, is one of the largest coal mining areas in the world, covering an area of around . It lies in the Kuznetsk Depression between Tomsk and Novokuznetsk in the basin of the Tom River...

. Population: 532,884(2010 Census preliminary results); 484,754 (2002 Census
Russian Census (2002)
Russian Census of 2002 was the first census of the Russian Federation carried out on October 9 through October 16, 2002. It was carried out by the Russian Federal Service of State Statistics .-Resident population:...

); 520,263 (1989 Census
Soviet Census (1989)
The 1989 Soviet census, conducted between January 12-19 of that year, was the last one conducted in the former USSR. It resulted in a total population of 286,730,819 inhabitants...


The city is served by the Kemerovo International Airport
Kemerovo International Airport
Kemerovo International Airport Kemerovo International Airport Kemerovo International Airport ( . is one of 2 major airports in Kemerovo Oblast area , Russia, Southwestern Siberia located 10 km southeast of Kemerovo. It is a civilian airfield serving medium-sized airliners, but large enough to be...


Geography and economy

The city is located 3482 kilometres (2,163.6 mi) east of Moscow
Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...

 at the confluence
Confluence, in geography, describes the meeting of two or more bodies of water.Confluence may also refer to:* Confluence , a property of term rewriting systems...

 of the Iskitim and Tom River
Tom River
Tom is a river in Russia, a right tributary of the Ob. Its length is 540 miles . Its source is in the Abakan mountains , and it flows northward through the Kuznetsk Basin...

s. It is an important industrial city developed during Soviet
Soviet Union
The Soviet Union , officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics , was a constitutionally socialist state that existed in Eurasia between 1922 and 1991....

 times with important chemical, fertilizer, and manufacturing industries and is linked to western Russia by a branch of the Trans-Siberian Railway
Trans-Siberian Railway
The Trans-Siberian Railway is a network of railways connecting Moscow with the Russian Far East and the Sea of Japan. It is the longest railway in the world...

. Since the disintegration of the Soviet Union, the city's industries have experienced a severe decline, creating high levels of unemployment.

Kemerovo's position gives it a continental climate
Continental climate
Continental climate is a climate characterized by important annual variation in temperature due to the lack of significant bodies of water nearby...

 with average temperatures varying between -18 C in January to 20 °C (68 °F) in July and relatively low precipitation of around 420 millimetres (16.5 in) annually.


Kemerovo is an amalgamation of, and successor to, several older Russian settlements. A waypoint named Verkhotomsky ostrog was established nearby in 1657 on a road from Tomsk
Tomsk is a city and the administrative center of Tomsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Tom River. One of the oldest towns in Siberia, Tomsk celebrated its 400th anniversary in 2004...

 to Kuznetsk fortress. In 1701, the settlement of Shcheglovo was founded on the left bank of the Tom; soon it became a village. By 1859, seven villages existed on the area of the modern Kemerovo: Shcheglovka (or Ust-Iskitimskoye), Kemerovo (named in 1734), Yevseyevo, Krasny Yar, Kur-Iskitim (Pleshki), Davydovo (Ishanovo), and Borovaya. In 1721, coal
Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams. The harder forms, such as anthracite coal, can be regarded as metamorphic rock because of later exposure to elevated temperature and pressure...

 was discovered in the area. The first coal mines were established in 1907 and a chemical works was established in 1916. By 1917, the population of Shcheglovo had grown to around 4,000 people.

The area's further development was boosted by building a railway between Yurga
Yurga is a town in Kemerovo Oblast, Russia, located on the Tom River. Population: It was founded in 1886. Work settlement status was granted to it in 1942; town status was granted in 1949....

 and Kolchugino (now Leninsk-Kuznetsky
Leninsk-Kuznetsky , known as Kolchugino until 1925, is a city in Kemerovo Oblast, Russia, located on both banks of the Inya River . Population: 128,000 ; 83,000 ; 20,000 ....

) with a connection between Topki
Topki is a town in Kemerovo Oblast, Russia, located west of Kemerovo. Population: It was founded in 1914 due to the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway. The railway station of Topki was opened in 1916. It was granted town status in 1933....

 and Shcheglovo. Shcheglovo was granted town status in 1918, which is now considered to be the date of Kemerovo's founding. Kemerovo, at the time still a village, became part of Shcheglovsk municipality. In 1932, Shcheglovsk was renamed Kemerovo and became the center of Kemerovo Oblast
Kemerovo Oblast
Kemerovo Oblast , also known as Kuzbass after the Kuznetsk Basin, is a federal subject of Russia , located in southwestern Siberia, where the West Siberian Plain meets the South Siberian mountains...

 in 1943.


Together with Irkutsk
Irkutsk is a city and the administrative center of Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, one of the largest cities in Siberia. Population: .-History:In 1652, Ivan Pokhabov built a zimovye near the site of Irkutsk for gold trading and for the collection of fur taxes from the Buryats. In 1661, Yakov Pokhabov...

, the public interest for bandy
Bandy is a team winter sport played on ice, in which skaters use sticks to direct a ball into the opposing team's goal.The rules of the game have many similarities to those of association football: the game is played on a rectangle of ice the same size as a football field. Each team has 11 players,...

 is the biggest in Russia. Kuzbass is among the very best in the Russian Bandy League. In 2007 the Bandy World Championships
Bandy World Championships
The Bandy World Championships are a competition between bandy-playing nations. The tournament is administrated by the Federation of International Bandy....

 was held in the city. Female bandy only exists in a few places in Russia. Now Kemerovo is about to start it up.


In October 2011, Kemerovo administrators announced that they had "indisputable proof" that mountains in the region were inhabited by Yeti
The Yeti or Abominable Snowman is an ape-like cryptid said to inhabit the Himalayan region of Nepal, and Tibet. The names Yeti and Meh-Teh are commonly used by the people indigenous to the region, and are part of their history and mythology...


Famous residents

  • Yuri Arbachakov
    Yuri Arbachakov
    Yuri Arbachakov was a boxing champion in the flyweight division. He was the first Russian professional boxing champion.-Amateur career:Arbachakov was an amateur boxing star in the Soviet Union...

  • Andreas Beck (football player)
  • Marina Domashenko
    Marina Domashenko
    Marina Domashenko is a Russian operatic mezzo-soprano.Domashenko was born into a musical family in the Siberian town Kemerovo. She graduated with honours from the Kemerovo School of Music where she studied piano and conducting, and from the Yekaterinburg Conservatory where she studied opera...

     (opera singer)
  • Vyacheslav Ivanenko
    Vyacheslav Ivanenko
    Vyacheslav Ivanovich Ivanenko is a retired race walker who represented the USSR. He won the gold medal over 50 kilometres at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul with a personal best time of 3:38:29...

     (retired race walker)
  • Andrei Panin
    Andrei Panin
    Andrei Vladimirovich Panin is an Nika Award-nominated Russian actor appearing in film and television, and a director.-Early life:Panin was born on May 28 1962 in Novosibirsk, Soviet Union; the son of Agnessa , and Dimitri Alexandrei Panin. Two years later the family moved to Chelyabinsk...

     (actor, director)
  • Masha Rasputina
    Masha Rasputina
    Masha Rasputina – a Russian pop singer, known for her over-the-top, husky vocal style, fiery stage persona and flamboyant, somewhat controversial image with the emphasis on grotesque sexuality and crude, ‘common girl’ manners.Since 1989 when she won Pyongyang-89 Pop & Rock Festival first prize and...

  • Daniel Gataoulin (chemist)
  • Yakov Elgudin, MD (cardiothoracic surgeon)

Honorable citizens

  • Alexey Leonov, cosmonaut
  • Vitaly Razdayev, football player
  • Nikolay Vdovin, chemist
  • Galina Zavadskaya, doctor
  • Polina Krivova, teacher
  • Vasily Selivanov, artist
  • Dmitry Plotnikov, construction worker
  • Mikhail Podgorbunsky, doctor
  • Anatoly Buglakov, coalminer
  • Vladimir Martemyanov, pilot
  • Gennady Yurov, writer
  • Alexander Sychyov, politician

Notable landmarks

Five higher education institutions are located in Kemerovo: Kemerovo State University
Kemerovo State University
The Kemerovo State University was established in 1973 as a successor to Kemerovo Pedagogical Institute. It is a leading educational and scientific center of Kemerovo Oblast with five branches throughout the region in Belovo, Anzhero-Sudzhensk, Novokuznetsk, Prokopyevsk, and in Ulan Bator...

, Kuzbass State Technical University
Kuzbass State Technical University
Kuzbass State Technical University is one of higher schools which trains specialists for the economy of Kuzbass, Russia.-History:...

, Kemerovo State Medical Academy, Kemerovo State Art Institute, Kemerovo Agricultural Institute and Kuzbass Economy and Justice Institute.

Twin towns/sister cities

Kemerovo is twinned with:
  • Billings, Montana
    Billings, Montana
    Billings is the largest city in the U.S. state of Montana, and is the principal city of the Billings Metropolitan Area, the largest metropolitan area in over...

    , United States
    United States
    The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

  • Salgótarján
    Salgótarján is a city with county rights in Nógrád county, north-eastern Hungary.-Location:At the foot of Karancs mountain, in the Cserhát hills, 250 meters above sea level, north-east from Budapest, west from Miskolc...

    , Hungary
    Hungary , officially the Republic of Hungary , is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is situated in the Carpathian Basin and is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine and Romania to the east, Serbia and Croatia to the south, Slovenia to the southwest and Austria to the west. The...

External links

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